Chlorine functions in the body are the norm in the analysis of blood causes increased and decreased

Before talking about how much this substance should be in the body so that a person’s condition does not worsen, you need to understand what chloride in the blood is.

Chlorides are compounds of magnesium, potassium and sodium that enter the human body through the use of food or preparations enriched in chlorine. That is, these are the composite particles that make up this macro element.

The norm of chlorine in human blood is a minimum of 98, a maximum of 107 mmol / L. If, during the analysis, it was found that the amount of this substance significantly exceeds the highest level, then urgent measures must be taken. Sometimes, in order to reduce these indicators, the doctor prescribes diuretics. They contribute to the elimination of macronutrients from the body in a natural way – through the process of urination.

Elevated levels of chlorine in the blood can also be reduced with proper nutrition. No specific diet is required here, you just need to reduce the amount of food consumed containing this substance. First of all, this applies to edible salt, which has the property of retaining fluid in tissues.

To avoid this, try to adhere to the established norm of chlorine in the blood, reviewing your diet and lifestyle. To speed up the process of removing this substance from your body, try to play sports. Exercise improves metabolism, promotes profuse sweating, which is an excellent way to get rid of not only excess chlorine, but also toxins.

PatientBlood level (mmol / l)
From birth to 6 weeks96 – 116
6 weeks – 1 year95 – 115
1-15 years95 – 110
Adults97 – 108
PatientIn urine (mmol / L)
From birth to 6 weeks0,5 – 2,5
6 weeks -15 years0,5 – 4
Adults0,6 – 5,5
  • assessment of the water-electrolyte state of the body and the content of trace elements;
  • suspicion of diseases of the organs responsible for the circulation of chlorine, heart disease and metabolic problems;
  • patients with parenteral treatment;
  • when an elevated level of sodium-potassium balance is detected;
  • with convulsions;
  • with fainting;
  • during treatment with droppers;
  • if the patient suffers from vomiting and stool disorders;
  • with weakness;
  • with breathing problems.
  1. Diuretic drugs.
  2. Potassium bromide.
  3. Elevated cholesterol, triglyceride.

The doctor should be warned about taking the above drugs before taking the test, if it is impossible to refuse them completely.

To avoid this, try to adhere to the established norm of chlorine in the blood, reviewing your diet and lifestyle. To speed up the process of removing this substance from your body, try to play sports. Exercise improves metabolism, promotes profuse sweating, which is an excellent way to get rid of not only excess chlorine, but also toxins.

A biochemical study is a type of study in which the level of a substance involved in biochemical reactions in the body is determined in the blood. In this case, we are talking about chlorine, which is the main negatively charged extracellular space ion, and chlorine is the main component of gastric juice.

The level of chlorine in the human body is determined by the following factors:

  • intake of it with food and water;
  • the intensity of the absorption process;
  • distribution between organs and tissues;
  • excretion with sweat, feces, urine and expired air.
  • dynamic tracking of ac >

    Normal indicators of chlorine are evidence of a correctly occurring acid-base and water-electrolyte metabolism.

    Hyperchloremia, that is, an increase in the chlorine content in the body, is observed during dehydration, taking glucocorticosteroids, respiratory alkalosis (alkalization) and diseases of the adrenal glands, characterized by an increase in their function.

    Hypochloremia, that is, a decrease in chlorine in the body, occurs with increased sweating, the intake of diuretics in large quantities, acidosis (oxidation of the environment), an increase in aldosterone, etc.

    Cl, in the table of chemical elements, is represented as gas. It is a toxic substance when used in large quantities. But, in the body, it is presented in conjunction with sodium, and acts as a positively charged ion participating in the process of water-salt metabolism. The causes of increased blood chlorine are usually due to the development of the disease.

    Pure Cl is gas. But, in compounds with other chemical elements, it can form liquid consistencies. For example, the gastric mucosa is produced in the form of hydrochloric acid. This is a compound of Cl and hydrogen. In very small quantities, this acid helps digest food. But, drinking hydrochloric acid is deadly.

    In order not to distort the result of the study, it is important to properly prepare for the collection of material. 12 hours before the delivery of biological material, you should refuse to eat, and 8 hours before the analysis – from water

    This is due to the fact that otherwise there is a risk of a significant decrease or increase in chlorides in the blood. 24 hours before the delivery of the material, you can not take alcohol and smoke, as this will significantly change the picture of the blood.

    Without urgent need, certain medications should not be taken before analysis. The ban includes:

    • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
    • diuretics
    • hormonal drugs.

    If it is impossible to refuse to use them for health reasons, you must inform the nurse taking the material about this. In this case, when determining the real level of chlorine in the blood, a possible error will be taken into account.

    The presence of chlorine (Cl) in the human body is necessary to ensure acid-base balance and water-salt metabolism. The ratio of chlorine to potassium in the intercellular fluid supports the necessary metabolic processes and the distribution of salt and fluid over the tissues. If blood chlorine is increased, then various disorders occur in the body, manifested in edema, drops in blood pressure and heart function.

    In addition, chlorides are actively involved in the digestion process, since they are part of the gastric juice. Promotes the removal of toxins, toxins and carbon dioxide from the body. The normal state of red blood cells in the blood, their ratio with plasma and the pressure of intracellular fluid depends on this substance. Most chlorine is found in the skin and blood.

    The body receives the element, mainly with food, and excretes through the urinary system and through the pores of the skin.

    In order to determine the amount of chlorine in the body, a biochemical study is carried out. For analysis, 10 ml of blood from a vein is enough. The fence is made using a syringe, after antiseptic treatment of the desired area of ​​the skin. Using a centrifuge, plasma is released from the blood. Then, blood serum is obtained, from which chlorine is released using special solutions.


    To avoid excess chlorine in the body, it is necessary to abandon salty foods, observe the drinking regime and monitor the frequency of urination. If water from the water supply is used, then it is necessary to use carbon filters to clean it, since disinfection is carried out using chlorine. If symptoms of hyperchloremia appear, blood tests should be done.

    Chlorine is a substance necessary for the body, but its excess leads to various diseases.

    Hyperchloremia develops due to dehydration or in connection with a disease. To reduce chloride in the blood, it is necessary to cure the disease or to review the diet.

    Sodium and chlorine are the osmotic forces of the body. These substances, like glucose, create the conditions for maintaining the necessary level of osmolarity of biological fluids (plasma in particular).

    If their performance is increased, then this is not a cause for concern. However, this phenomenon is considered the reason for contacting a doctor for consultation. Because a change in the level of macronutrients often speaks of pathologies of internal organs. Which ones? This should be described in more detail.

    Pathological factors

    There are other causes of high blood chlorine. For example, malfunctioning of the excretory system. Due to kidney damage or renal failure, a violation of the water-salt balance often occurs. This leads to absolute hyperchloremia – a strong increase in the concentration of this substance in the blood. Also, this often occurs due to severe disorders of the cardiovascular system.

    Other causes of high blood chlorine are:

    • Syndrome and Cushing’s disease. This is a neuroendocrine disease, which is characterized by increased production of hormones of the adrenal cortex.
    • Diabetes insipidus (diabetes).
    • Ureterosigmostomy.
    • Drug treatment, the introduction of saline in large quantities.
    • High temperature, due to which perspiration and, consequently, dehydration occurs.
    • Heat exposure, excessively intense loads.
    • High blood sodium.
    • Diabetic coma.
    • Excessive salt intake.
    • Diabetes.
    • Treatment with hormones, diuretics, corticosteroids.
    • Starvation due to malnutrition or digestive upsets.
    • Addison’s disease. It manifests itself in insufficient production of hormones by the adrenal glands.

    Another common cause is chemotherapy. People who have to go through it face kidney problems. This is one of the side effects. And when the kidneys are disturbed, they lose their ability to maintain normal electrolyte balance.

    That is why patients undergoing chemotherapy should be tested regularly.

    Hyperchloremia treatment

    If the chloride compounds are elevated for a long time, this can lead to anemia and complications of existing kidney and heart diseases. From the digestive system, the pathology is manifested by systematic heartburn, pain and heaviness in the stomach. If the cause of hyperchloremia is not initially associated with dehydration, then the excessive presence of chlorine in the body is accompanied by fluid accumulation. In this case, the patient has an increase in blood pressure, sometimes quite significant.

    With a sufficiently high excess of chlorine level, the risk of developing bronchial pneumonia with toxic pulmonary edema increases.

    In this case, the patient’s life is in danger and immediate hospitalization is required.

    It is non-specific, and therefore does not constitute any special difficulties. Here is what therapy involves:

    • Taking medications to prevent diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea.
    • Change of drugs. This is if they are the cause of the imbalance.
    • Be sure to use 3 liters of pure water per day.
    • If necessary, receive intravenous fluids.
    • Following a balanced diet.
    • Treating mental illness if it is a cause of digestive upset.
    • Refusal of aspirin, coffee and alcohol.
    • Glucose control.

    Normalizing the amount of chlorine in the blood is not difficult. But preventing hyperchloremia is not easy. Especially if she was provoked by Addison’s disease.

    If sodium and chlorine are elevated in the blood, then the cells lose water, as a result of which their volume decreases. This is fraught with intracerebral hemorrhage. Diarrhea develops, intense perspiration begins, and the amount of fluid in the bloodstream increases.

    In the event that the amount of cations (sodium in particular) increases to 180 mmol / l, a coma is possible, even a fatal outcome.

    If we talk about less terrible consequences, then it is necessary to highlight the violation of the renal nephrons and the secretion of vasopressin, high blood pressure, edema (including brain) and strokes.

    That is why you should not ignore the symptoms, even those that seem insignificant. The sooner the problem is identified and treatment is prescribed, the better.


    As mentioned above, the diagnosis of hyperchloremia almost always requires additional examination. The doctor must understand why this phenomenon occurred. This is necessary to prescribe a competent treatment.

    What procedures will help determine that chlorine is elevated? Blood analysis. It will also determine whether a person has problems associated with the liver or kidneys.

    Also, the patient will need to provide the doctor with information about his diet and list the drugs taken, even dietary supplements and herbal supplements. Often, it is because of the drugs used that the level of chlorine changes.

    General information

    This item is required for:

    • maintaining acid-base balance;
    • maintaining stable hydrostatic pressure;
    • maintaining a normal level of fluid in the body;
    • Amylase activation and the formation of digestive juices.

    The element enters the body, mainly with food. The main organ of accumulation is skin, in the cells of which more than half of the incoming chlorine is deposited. With the normal functioning of the body, changes in the concentration of chlorides are aimed at maintaining a neutral environment. The body is excreted through the urinary system (up to 90%), in a small amount it is excreted through the pores of the skin with sweat and through the digestive tract.

    Maintaining an optimal concentration of an element is regulated by steroid and thyroid hormones.

    Causes and Symptoms of Low Blood Chlorine

    In addition to the increased content of this substance in the blood, a person may also face a deficiency. Often, it is provoked by inflammatory processes in the stomach, for example, peptic ulcer, gastritis and other diseases.

    To date, there are no reliable data on the symptoms of manifestation of chlorine deficiency in humans, since laboratory studies were conducted only on rats. Symptoms of a lack of chlorine in them were expressed by the following symptoms:

    1. Absolute exhaustion up to the development of anorexia.
    2. Rare urge to defecate.
    3. Hair loss, and sometimes even tooth loss.
    4. The appearance of edema.
    5. A significant jump in blood pressure to critically high rates (although it is worth noting that it all depends on the individual characteristics of the body and its reaction to a lack of chlorine).
    6. The development of alkalosis.

    However, you should not rely on this symptomatology, since, as already mentioned, it manifested itself exclusively in laboratory rats. If you have health problems, you begin to lose weight too quickly for no apparent reason, or notice that your hair has become depleted and brittle, then it will not be out of place to visit a hospital in order to analyze the amount of this macrocell in the body.

    To normalize the level of chlorine, you need to adjust your diet. An increased amount of this element is contained in such products:

    • Beans.
    • Bread.
    • Fatty fish. This is tuna, carp, catfish, crucian carp, mackerel.
    • Pork heart, turkey, beef kidneys.
    • Eggs.
    • Kefir, cottage cheese, condensed milk.
    • Rice and buckwheat groats.

    You can adjust the level of chlorine in the body with food. It is worth eating more nuts, apples, vegetable dishes. It should include millet and oatmeal, salads, soups with poultry in the diet. You also need to give up salt, alcohol, coffee. Drink only freshly squeezed juices and water that is not treated with chlorine.

    Causes of Chlor >

    An increase in the level of this anion (hyperchloremia) occurs with a variety of violations of the water-salt balance of the body:

    • When dehydration, loss of water with breathing, by evaporation from the burn surface.
    • With kidney damage, renal failure, endocrine disorders.
    • Excessive intake of chlorine ions (salt) from food.
    • Severe disorders of the cardiovascular system.

    With hyperchloremia, a person develops edema, blood pressure rises, anxiety, hand tremor, and intense thirst occur.

    A decrease in the number of chlorine ions in the blood or hypochloremia develops with an excess of water in the body, insufficient intake of salt with food, with severe diarrhea, the use of diuretics without correction of salt balance.

    A lack of chlorine in the body manifests itself as muscle weakness and respiratory failure. In especially severe cases, loss of consciousness may occur.

    1. Increased fluid intake compared to normal.
    2. Problems with the assimilation of trace elements.
    3. Peptic ulcer disease.
    4. Large area burns.
    5. Lack of chlorine intake from the diet.
    1. Excessive consumption of chlorine from the diet (too much salt).
    2. Problems of various types with metabolism.
    3. Long-term vomiting or upset stool.
    4. Increased levels of parathyroid hormones.

    As a rule, the chlorine level in itself does not carry a separate diagnostic value.

    • on the number of cations;
    • by the number of anions.

    This will allow you to get a complete picture of changes in the body and the causes of fluctuations in the level of chlorine. As a rule, treatment is similar to the treatment of hypo- and hyperkalemia, as well as hypo- and hypernatremia.


    This, as you might guess from the name, is the name of the condition in which the blood contains a lot of sodium. It is also common.

    If the blood contains elevated sodium, and chlorine is also outside the normal range. This element is also responsible for retaining water in the body and maintaining the electrolyte balance. He also participates in the work of the muscle and nervous system.

    The norm of this substance is 135-150 mmol / l in an adult. About 85% of it is found in blood and lymph.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.