Why does the nose bleed under pressure

Many people face the fact that they are bleeding under pressure. This pathology not only causes discomfort, but, like any other bleeding, signals a malfunction in the body. Every fifth patient in this case requires medical attention.

High Pressure Nose

Arterial hypertension is characterized by an increase in blood pressure and an increasing load on the heart. Vascular walls change, lose their natural elasticity. Due to constant pressure, blood vessels sometimes burst, which leads to bleeding.

The nasal mucosa is penetrated by many small vessels. Moreover, they are one of the thinnest in the body. Therefore, with increased pressure, such vessels burst with particular ease.

However, nosebleeds have a positive effect – only one, but significant. It contributes to a temporary decrease in pressure.

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Previous symptoms

With hypertension, the possibility of the onset of nosebleed is indicated by characteristic symptoms:

  • Headache;
  • Dizziness;
  • General weakness;
  • Noise in ears.
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It is necessary to pay attention to such signs and take measures to normalize the pressure. So bleeding can be avoided.

The provoking factors

If at high pressure there is blood from the nose, the reasons should be sought in the following:

  • Excessive physical exertion;
  • The reaction of the body to extreme heat;
  • The impact of a stressful situation;
  • Dry indoor air (relevant for the winter period).

All these factors contribute to an increase in blood pressure, as a result of which fragile vessels in the nose burst. Often, blood from the nose comes with a hypertensive crisis. In this case, the pressure rises so quickly that the vessels do not have time to adapt to changing conditions.

Blood from the nose under reduced pressure

At low pressure, blood from the nose goes less often than at high pressure, because other mechanisms are activated. Hypertension itself occurs for various reasons. This can be regular stress, sedentary work, heredity.

The disease does not pose an immediate threat to health. However, arterial hypotension still affects internal organs and systems, including blood vessels. It’s just that all the changes that occur are much less pronounced than with hypertension.

So, secondary hypotension is often detected with anemia. With this disease, the composition of the blood changes. It liquefies, so nosebleeds can occur. Such a pathology is often encountered by women during pregnancy. Their hemoglobin level is temporarily reduced, which is why the nose is bleeding.

In addition, people suffering from hypotension have a pronounced meteorological dependence. They can provoke bleeding from the nose, any change in atmospheric pressure.

First aid

If bleeding from the nose is profuse, accompanied by nausea and dizziness, it is necessary to call an ambulance. You can’t do without the help of doctors. Otherwise, stopping blood from the nose with pressure will work at home.

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To do this, follow the rules of first aid:

  1. Reassure the patient. The sight of one’s own blood causes horror and real panic. However, stress and anxiety will only increase bleeding.
  2. Keep the victim calm, open the window to let fresh air into the room.
  3. If a person is dizzy, put him on a chair, let him smell cotton wool soaked in ammonia.
  4. To stop bleeding, insert a cotton swab dipped in hydrogen perox >

Sometimes, to stop the bleeding, it is enough to sit down, head down. If possible, use nasal drops – they help narrow the vessels.

You can drip in the nose lemon juice mixed with water in a ratio of 1: 1.

This tool cauterizes blood vessels, therefore it is widely used in alternative treatment. If you do everything right, a blood clot will soon form at the site of damage to the vessel. He will stop the bleeding.

What can not be done with nosebleeds?

Many of us from childhood are accustomed to throwing our heads back when blood comes from our nose. This cannot be done. There is a risk of squeezing veins, namely, through them, blood flows from the head. As a result, blood pressure will only rise, and the intensity of bleeding will increase.

It is also impossible to bow out in an attempt to rid the nose of the accumulated blood there. In this way, even more thin vessels can be broken. Doctors do not recommend lying strictly horizontally. Better to sit on a stool until the bleeding stops. You can lie down, but then you should turn your head to the side.

If 20 minutes have passed and the blood is still flowing, you must call a doctor. Self-medication in this case will not help. It will only aggravate the condition of the patient.

Prevention

The vessels in the nasal mucosa are very thin and vulnerable, and because of this, there is a high risk of repeated bleeding. Therefore, experts advise:

  • Sneeze only with open mouth;
  • Refuse to run;
  • Limit exercise, especially jumping and flexing the hull;
  • Do not strain and do not lift weights.

For several days after stopping nosebleeds, it is also recommended not to use drugs that thin the blood. Such medicines include aspirin and ibuprofen.

How to strengthen blood vessels?

The only way to permanently get rid of nosebleeds is to be observed by a doctor, monitoring blood pressure. However, as an additional measure, you can do vascular strengthening. Experienced doctors give such recommendations:

  • Rinse your nose regularly with saline (0,5 tsp. Salt in 1 cup of water);
  • Increase the intake of vitamin C (for this, a rosehip broth is well suited);
  • Stimulate the body’s defenses (hardening, moderate physical activity);
  • If necessary, take special preparations that strengthen blood vessels.

Normalizing blood pressure is the main key to defeating nosebleeds.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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