What is the cause of frequent urge to urinate in women

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There are various opinions about the normal frequency of urination in a person with a healthy excretory system. Nevertheless, all experts agree on one thing: if the urge occurs more often than ten times a day, while they are uncontrollable, disturbing day and night – most likely we are talking about the occurrence of some pathology.

Due to the different physical structure in men and women, the causes of this symptom are clearly different. Frequent urge to urinate in women with the release of a small amount of urine can occur not only as a result of the development of pathology of the excretory system, but also due to gynecological and even endocrine problems.

Due to a malfunction, the body signals its needs much more often. That is why frequent urination in a woman is a serious reason to seek medical attention from a doctor.

What it is?

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Frequent urination can be talked about when a person is in need more than 10 times a day. At the same time, in some cases, a small amount of urine is released, which indicates the absence of a physiological need.

If you feel an increased urge to urinate, you need to understand why this is happening. In many cases, there is nothing unnatural in this, and even if you feel the need several times in a couple of hours or more than 10 times a day, this can be explained by the usual physiological reasons.

However, there are a number of characteristics that may indicate the pathological nature of your condition. These include:

Pain. If a woman urinates frequently in women with pain, this is a sure sign that she should see a doctor for medical help.

Temperature increase. An increase in temperature above normal indicates the presence of any infectious or inflammatory process in the body. If this occurs against the background of painful urination, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Additional symptoms. Since in itself frequent urges are a symptom of a pathological condition, along with it, other symptoms of this condition should appear, which are hard not to notice.

Physiological causes

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As mentioned above, there are physiological reasons that explain this condition. If frequent urination is caused by one of them, there is nothing to worry about, since it is of a normal physiological nature.

Let’s name the main ones:

  • Drinking a lot of water or other liquids. It’s quite simple: the more you drink, the more often you need to remove this liquid.
  • Diuretic use. Diuretics are substances that have a pronounced diuretic effect. In addition to specific pharmaceutical preparations, products can be distinguished that also contribute to the removal of water from the human body and can cause frequent urination: alcohol, coffee, soda and other liquids, as well as many vegetables.
  • Pregnancy. During pregnancy, a woman’s body, especially her hormonal system, is rebuilt to perform maternal function. Such changes can cause incontinence and many other symptoms.
  • Menopause. Hormonal changes also occur in older women, and they can also provoke a more frequent urge to relieve themselves.
  • Physiological characteristics of the body. There are times when a person often goes to the toilet, without having any obvious reason.

At the same time, medical diagnostics also does not find any pathologies. If such a condition does not cause discomfort, then in such cases they talk about the physiological characteristics of the body, including muscle weakness.

Pathological causes

However, if there is any suspicion, you should still seek medical help, since this symptom can indicate the development of many serious ailments. This is especially true when a woman experiences frequent urination in women with pain.

The reasons for frequent urination in women can be very diverse. However, one way or another, about the problems associated with:

The excretory system. This includes the kidneys, bladder, and urethra. Problems associated with dysfunction of these organs will inevitably affect the frequency of urination and can also cause pain.
Gynecology. It is no secret that, like men, the female urinary system is associated with the genitals.

Problems in the gynecological area often lead to problems with urination. This condition can be caused by infections transmitted through sexual contact and poor hygiene. Diseases of the genitourinary system often have similar symptoms: vomiting, rapid pulse, nausea.

Endocrine system. The main role of the endocrine system in the human body is the production and maintenance of normal hormonal levels. In many cases, a malfunction of the endocrine system is a pathology that causes frequent urge. It is worth remembering that pregnant women and women going through menopause also experience problems with their urinary system.

This is just the same due to hormonal changes that affect a woman’s genitals, which, in turn, affect the kidneys, bladder and other excretory organs.
Frequent urination in women caused by pathological reasons is often accompanied by fever.

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Diseases of endocrine origin

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The endocrine system is responsible for all the metabolism that occurs in the human body. Any disruptions in the work of the endocrine apparatus lead to the formation of pathological conditions, many of which pose a serious danger to health and even human life. Among the endocrine diseases that can cause the symptom in question, the following can be distinguished:

Diabetes. A serious chronic disease known to everyone. It is caused by a violation of carbohydrate metabolism in the human body.

Diabetes insipidus. More rare, but no less dangerous disease. Caused by problems with the synthesis of the hormone vasopressin.

With diabetes mellitus, frequent urination in small portions occurs in women without pain. Most often, this symptom manifests itself at night. During the day, he rarely torments. The amount of fluid consumed also increases. As a rule, in a pathological condition associated with diabetes, the patient suffers from severe thirst. Other symptoms include:

Decreased performance. It is worth remembering that carbohydrates are the main source of human energy, therefore, people who have problems with carbohydrate metabolism often experience a breakdown, especially in the absence of adequate treatment.

Itching of the skin. Patients often have itchy areas of the skin, which, as a rule, are characterized by redness. Most often they appear near the genitals. Women may develop vulvitis.

In case of diabetes insipidus associated with hormonal disorders, the patient goes to the toilet in large portions. Often up to 5 liters of urine can be excreted per day. The patient is constantly tormented by thirst. When he drinks, he cannot drink; water simply does not stay in the body. The disease quickly leads to a state of dehydration. Other symptoms include:

  • Loss of body weight (occurs due to the withdrawal of a large volume of fluid from the body).
  • Dry mucous membranes.
  • The occurrence of nausea or vomiting.
  • Muscle weakness and depression.
  • Diseases of the urinary system

The most common cause of urinary frequency is diseases of the urinary organs. In such cases, the woman may urinate with cuts and other painful sensations. In the urine, bloody discharge can often be noticed, in such cases it is said that a person urinates with blood. Among the diseases of the urinary system, one can distinguish such common ailments as cystitis, urethritis and pyelonephritis. There are other similar diseases, but they are quite rare in specific conditions.


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An increased urge to urinate is in most cases symptoms of a chronic form of the disease, but in exceptional cases it may indicate an acute one.

This ailment is popularly called kidney inflammation. Indeed, the disease is characterized by damage to these organs, which causes symptoms such as lower back pain. Other signs of the disease include increased blood pressure and general weakness.

Exacerbations are characteristic of pyelonephritis. As a rule, they are associated with climate change: deterioration is felt in autumn and winter. During exacerbations, the temperature rises sharply, sometimes to dangerous values ​​(above 38 degrees Celsius).


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The most common cause of urinary problems. The disease is an inflammatory process that occurs in the urinary organs due to an infection. In addition to frequent urination, the disease is distinguished by the following symptoms:

  • discomfort in the genital area,
  • feeling of full bladder
  • increased body temperature (up to 37.5 degrees Celsius),
  • urinary incontinence.

There may also be blood in the urine. This suggests that the disease has developed to the stage of the formation of complications.


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Urethritis, as its name suggests, is a disease that affects the urethra. A woman feels a burning sensation and itching in the genital area, which are especially clearly manifested directly in the process of urination. Other symptoms include:

  • mucous discharge from the urethra,
  • lack of general symptoms characteristic of infections (fever, weakness, etc.),
  • diseases of the organs of the reproductive system.

Gynecological problems also often lead to increased urination. This is due to the structure of a person and, in particular, a woman. The reproductive system is located next to the urinary system, because of which the lesions of one system inevitably leave an imprint on the other. Often at the same time, women feel pain in the lower abdomen.

Another sign that the cause of the problem is white discharge during urination. The following gynecological diseases can lead to a problem: uterine fibroids and prolapse of the uterus. It is worth noting that the absence or untimely treatment of these diseases is a threat to the reproductive system of a woman and can lead to infertility.



The disease is a benign tumor that forms from the tissues of the upper muscle layer. The first stages of the disease are asymptomatic in most cases. In some cases, a woman can even live her entire life with an ailment, without feeling any discomfort. However, when the fibroid develops to a large size, symptoms appear.

Chief among them is a diuretic disorder. This happens due to the fact that the enlarged uterus begins to press on the organs located nearby. Other signs of the disease include:

  • failure of the menstrual cycle,
  • uterine bleeding.

Prolapse of the uterus

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In some women, due to weakness of the ligaments and pelvic muscles, prolapse of the uterus can occur when it is below normal. If a girl feels frequent urges “for a little”, this may indicate a serious organ prolapse. Other symptoms of the disease are:

  • lower abdomen hurts
  • feeling inside a foreign body,

Other reasons

However, it should be noted that other diseases can cause similar symptoms. The list of possible ailments in which the urge to urinate becomes more frequent is very large. For example, frequent urination can be triggered by weakness in the pelvic muscles. This is often accompanied by incontinence. Only a highly qualified doctor can correctly diagnose the disease.

Why is urination more frequent in pregnant women?

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As mentioned above, during pregnancy, a significant transformation of the female body occurs, which allows her to bear and give birth to a healthy child. During pregnancy, when the uterus is significantly enlarged (tenfold!), The girl can go to the toilet especially often.

The reason for frequent urination is that the uterus presses on the bladder, as a result of which it becomes irritated. Nevertheless, if you are worried about too frequent urge to use the toilet, you should go to the doctor, perhaps as a result of examinations, another cause of the disease will be revealed.

Which doctor should I go to?

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The abundance of possible causes of the onset of the disease rightly raises the question, which doctor should one go to when this symptom appears? To begin with, you should definitely contact a therapist who can determine the specifics of your condition. He will prescribe general tests for you, on the basis of which it will be possible to draw conclusions about the nature of the disease and further treatment.

If the symptom is caused by a gynecological ailment, then the gynecologist will carry out the therapy. Frequent urination in various diseases is often accompanied by pain. If this is caused by problems of the excretory system, a urologist will treat. If you often want to urinate due to endocrine disruptions, the endocrinologist will carry out further therapy.


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The initial diagnosis with frequent urination is carried out by a therapist. Frequent urination with pain in women is a common reason for treatment, and you will have to have blood and urine tests to begin with. In addition, the nature of the disease can be determined by secondary symptoms. If you also have discomfort in the lower abdomen and often have the urge to urinate, you will be referred to a gynecologist who will conduct further diagnostics and treatment of the disease.

To diagnose the causes of the disease, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, including the bladder, and also the kidneys can be performed. With such a symptom as constant thirst, an endocrinologist can undertake the diagnosis. In such cases, a blood sugar test may be required.


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Frequent urination is only a symptom, so the underlying disease is treated. However, it is also possible to use medications to combat secondary symptoms. So, for example, with inflammation of the kidneys, and hypertension and edema that are aware of it, drugs that lower blood pressure are prescribed. In general, the treatment of pyelonephritis is very long. It includes a whole range of drugs, including antispasmodics and analgesics.

If urinary problems are caused by endocrine problems, hormone replacement therapy should be given.

Also, drug therapy is best combined with physiotherapeutic methods: UHF and iontophoresis. They are especially effective in the treatment of cystitis.


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Prevention should be comprehensive:

  • proper healthy nutrition,
  • rejection of bad habits,
  • consumption of the required amount of fluid per day,
  • compliance with the rules of personal hygiene,
  • the use of clothing for the weather to exclude hypothermia.

By observing these rules, you will not only be able to avoid diseases leading to frequent urination, but in general you can significantly improve your well-being.

Thus, in this material, we talked about why there are frequent urges to urinate, how to deal with this ailment and how to avoid it.

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.