The need for vitamins and minerals for hypertension

Hypertension or high blood pressure worries many people. A sedentary lifestyle, stress and an improper diet are to blame for the occurrence of this disease. Here is the last and concentrated attention in this article.

For hypertensive patients, it is important to get enough vitamins, acids and minerals. Which ones, we will tell in more detail below.

A list of important trace elements in order of importance for the body is given below.

This is the main mineral that is used to treat high blood pressure; a nominal deficiency in most cases causes the development of hypertension, so it is so important to make up for it.

Magnesium is perfectly absorbed by the body in tablet form, which is offered to be purchased in a pharmacy. Its intake improves metabolic processes, the work of the heart and intestines, reduces blood pressure, eliminates overstrain of the body. Naturally, a person produces a small amount of magnesium and needs to be constantly replenished.

He is responsible for the normal metabolism and water-salt balance. In his power to rid the body of excess water and sodium, which lead to the formation of edema. The potassium content has a beneficial effect on muscle activity and osmotic pressure, if it is normal, then the risk of hypertension is much reduced.

Potassium deficiency can occur at the most inopportune moment when a spasm of the coronary vessels occurs, and without it the risk of a heart attack will increase.

To replenish potassium in pharmacies, you can buy a vitamin-mineral complex, and it is also found in plant foods: dried apricots, potatoes, green vegetables, it is also found in mushrooms, citrus fruits, nuts, raisins and tea.

This mineral is involved in the work of the whole organism. It is more in nature than other trace elements. It has a beneficial effect on the nervous and muscular systems.

The mineral, in conjunction with proteins and acids, can break down fats, thereby preventing plaques from forming inside the vessel walls. But not only he should be abundant, but also calcium, proteins and carbohydrates, otherwise he will not be able to cope with the functions assigned to him. Phosphorus is rich in fish, all varieties of cheese and meat.

It controls the fluid content in the body. Sodium is contained in salt attorney, so its excessive use leads to the accumulation of excess fluid, contributes to the appearance of edema and the occurrence of difficulties with breathing.

Sometimes patients with hypertension are prescribed a diet without salt, then lemon juice and various spices are used instead, but it should be short-lived, since this mineral cannot be completely dispensed with. The lack of salt is fraught with the accumulation of nitrogenous wastes in the blood.

It has a positive effect on the circulatory system and prevents hypertensive crisis in most cases.

They themselves cannot cure hypertension, but enhance the effect of other drugs that fight the disease. Vitamins take part in the blood supply to tissues, relieve tension on the walls of blood vessels and strengthen the body’s defense. Among them there are those that, when consumed daily, lowers blood pressure.

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Many resort to it during colds, not knowing that this vitamin is able to increase the elasticity of the walls of the arteries, prevents their spasm and inhibits the development of atherosclerosis.

It also stops the aging of the body as a whole due to its antioxidant properties. It is in his power to calm the nervous system and normalize the transmission of body impulses.

It protects the heart and blood vessels from cholesterol, and has a beneficial effect on their surface, making them smooth and elastic.

In nature, vitamin A contains the following vegetables: carrots, pumpkins, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and beets with asparagus. In greens, this vitamin is present in slightly smaller amounts: parsley, sorrel, spinach and green onions.

It is found in such fruits: apricots, melons, currants, peaches, cherries and tangerines. Vitamin A can be replenished by using palm or sea buckthorn oil, sour cream, liver and egg yolk.

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Vitamin B1

It has another name – thiamine. The optimal vitamin content ensures the normal functioning of the heart muscle and nervous system. He is involved in carbohydrate metabolism.

Vitamin B2

Another name is riboflabin. It is necessary for oxidative processes, its role is difficult to overestimate, since it is involved in all biological metabolic processes occurring in the body.

Sources of Vitamin B2 are brewer’s yeast, buckwheat and oatmeal, dairy products, as well as hard cheeses. It is useful if it is lacking to introduce eggs, beef liver, yeast dough, rice and wheat grains into the diet.

Vitamin B3

Known as choline. The active effect of this vitamin is inextricably linked with the presence of a sufficient degree of folic and ascorbic acid, cyanocobolamine. The combined directed action of these vitamins lowers cholesterol and improves the connection of nucleic acids. To replenish it, you need to eat legumes and crops, cheese and cottage cheese.

Vitamin B6

Another name is pyridoxine. He is involved in the metabolism of amino acids. It is an excellent tool for the prevention of atherosclerosis, helps to break down acids, eliminate excess cholesterol and lipids in the blood.

It acts as a diuretic and enhances the effect of other drugs with a similar effect on the body.

Lack of pyridoxine is reflected in the acceleration of the body’s efforts and the occurrence of atherosclerosis of the heart. Vitamin B deficiency6 make up for eggs, fish, cheese, cottage cheese, liver and vegetables (potatoes and cabbage).

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Vitamin B12

Cyanocobalamin is involved in the synthesis of nucleic acids and the breakdown of fats, affects the metabolism of proteins, improves blood coagulation.

Vitamin B12 it is produced by the human body in its intestines, but this amount is not enough for all biological processes to proceed normally, so it needs to be replenished with animal food: beef offal, many types of sea fish, eggs, or rather their yolks, fat cottage cheese and cream, sour cream, different types of meat.

It is found in plant foods: dates, apricots, prunes, grape juice, grapes and lettuce.

It is responsible for the beauty and youth of the body, as it participates in metabolic processes at the cellular level.

Rutin strengthens the walls of arteries, prevents their fragility and permeability, improves elasticity.

You can fill the gap with vitamin P by eating various fruits: citrus fruits, black currants, grapes, cherries and cherries, as well as chokeberries, cranberries and rose hips.


These are natural polyphenols, the number of compounds of which reaches five thousand, strengthen the walls of the capillaries, and thereby prevent the appearance of hypertension.

It is necessary to eat several cloves of citrus fruits daily, eat cabbage, red grape varieties, raspberries. To purchase the right amount of flavonoids, it is useful to drink linden tea with lingonberry jam, this combination will give a positive result much faster.

Proteins and Acids

Amino acids containing in the protein prevent the formation of cholesterol plaques, in addition, they are also builders and restorators of the walls of blood vessels after damage. Commercially available protein shakes, which are prepared only with the addition of water, in combination with physical activity reduce body weight and lead to a decrease in pressure.

Folic acid is a vitamin and affects the metabolism of heart cells. It and other acids give the body energy, and improves the elasticity of the walls of the arteries. The organic acids found in many vitamins help thin the blood, cleanse blood vessels and lower blood pressure.

Fish oil, which is often prescribed for children, is also effective against hypertension. The pharmacy has the drug “Omega-3”, which contains the necessary fatty acids for normal functioning.

Due to it, you can balance the balance of needed and bad cholesterol. It will protect the blood vessels from the formation of plaques, stabilize the heart rate and reduce the frequency of angina attacks. Fish oil contributes to the patient’s emotional balance.

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.