The main signs of a hypertensive crisis

Today it’s time to recognize the signs of a hypertensive crisis. It is extremely important to diagnose the disease on time, to be able to objectively assess your well-being. This will avoid complications, prevent serious consequences.

Priznaki gipertonicheskogo kriza 9 - The main signs of a hypertensive crisisParticular attention to their health should be given to men, since they are at risk. Men do not take care of themselves, often overwork, engage in physically hard work and most often do not know how to correctly calculate the load. The result is a deterioration in the work of the heart, blood vessels.

Women also suffer from hypertension, and a crisis usually occurs during the period most dangerous for the female body – after menopause. This is due to the fact that the body stops the production of estrogen – a female sex hormone. It is he who positively affects health, allows pressure to stabilize, to normalize the work of the heart.

When menopause occurs, and estrogen ceases to be produced, health, blood vessels with the heart are under attack.

We will consider the signs of a hypertensive crisis that are common to all, and also dwell separately on the symptoms typical of men and women. This will allow you to objectively diagnose the disease and take all measures.

Basic symptoms of a crisis in hypertension

Hypertensive crisis is a serious complication that directly threatens the patient’s life. Such symptoms may appear at the first moment:

  1. Loss of consciousness;
  2. Bleeding from the nose;
  3. Cramps, numbness of limbs;
  4. Shallow breathing, shortness of breath, feeling that there is not enough air;
  5. Feeling of fear of death, excessive excitability;
  6. Vomiting, nausea;
  7. Visual impairment, dizziness;
  8. Headache;
  9. Confusion, memory impairment;
  10. Sharp pain in the chest;
  11. Tingling in the fingers.

Each person is characterized by their own manifestation of symptoms. Someone’s signs are almost invisible, while someone immediately finds himself in a critical condition, noticeable to absolutely everyone around. It is worth noting that a hypertensive crisis with pronounced symptoms is sometimes better than a “silent” complication.

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By signs, it is easily determined that the person’s condition is serious. As a result, all necessary measures are taken on time. But with “blurred” symptoms it can be difficult to find out what the malaise is associated with. And in the end, a person’s condition can worsen even more, because he is not being treated, does not take measures and continues to carry physical and psychological stress. This is just the most dangerous.

Common symptoms, one key symptom

The following signs are most widespread (we placed them in descending order):

  • Headache;
  • Bleeding from the nose;
  • Fainting, weakness, overexcitation;
  • Respiratory failure and chest pain.

Of course, it can be difficult for people to define a crisis in themselves, since many suffer from headaches. However, when some more signs from this list joined this symptom, special attention should already be paid to this.

Blood pressure will be of great importance here. It is advisable to measure it regularly and have your own device.

Symptoms of Complications

Unfortunately, some symptoms may indicate severe damage to internal organs due to hypertensive crisis.Priznaki gipertonicheskogo kriza 3 - The main signs of a hypertensive crisis

  1. When a stroke occurs, encephalopathy worsens, confusion, convulsions are observed.
  2. When the aorta ruptures, a person feels a sharp pain in the back.
  3. When myocardial infarction, ischemia develops, there is severe pain in the chest area.
  4. Hypertensive crisis can also cause congestive heart failure or pulmonary edema. In this case, breathing is difficult, it seems to a person that he is not able to breathe air in full.
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You should also first of all refuse all physical exertion. For example, when the patient became sharply ill, because of which he lay down, a stroke or a heart attack can be triggered if you just take a vertical position of the body, stand on your own feet. And if you just stay alone, lie down before the doctors arrive, you can avoid the terrible consequences. Everyone needs to remember this.

Signs of a crisis in women

Priznaki gipertonicheskogo kriza 5 - The main signs of a hypertensive crisisWhen a woman crosses the border associated with menopause, this can negatively affect her health. Of course, it is extremely important during this difficult period that it is especially important to carefully monitor your health, try to take preventive measures to avoid deterioration, and prevent pressure surges.

Why is it precisely after menopause that the risk of developing a hypertensive crisis sharply increases? This is directly related to the cessation of the production of sex hormone – estrogen. Because of this, the state of the heart and blood vessels may worsen. In addition, in the menopause there are several more risk factors for women’s health:

  • A woman quickly overwork, feels overwhelmed and helpless;
  • Chronic fatigue does not allow you to cope with business on time, as a result then you have to make up for lost time, and overwork is intensified;
  • A woman becomes more irritable, easily excited, loses control of herself, emotional state is extremely unstable;
  • In intimate life, problems can also begin;
  • Often during this difficult period, difficulties arise in personal, family life, difficult tasks arise when communicating with children who have already managed to grow up – all this also negatively affects one’s well-being.

As a result, the woman’s body is under attack. It is during menopause, when it is already difficult for women, they begin to suffer from pressure surges. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to diagnose a hypertensive crisis on time, because its symptoms in women are similar to those symptoms that they have already become accustomed to during the menopause. The body signals are easily confused with each other.

Key symptoms

The main sign of an approaching or already developing hypertensive crisis is a sharp jump in pressure. Increases cerebral, renal blood circulation, which causes serious complications, severe consequences for the body.

Dizziness and visual impairment are also a common symptom of a crisis, most common in women. There is a feeling that the walls are collapsing, the space is breaking up.

The head is spinning in different ways: sometimes a sensation arises due to movements in space, turns of the head. But it is even more difficult to cope with dizziness, when it is not associated at all with changes in position in space, it begins even in a state of complete rest.

Sharp pains in the head also almost always accompany a hypertensive crisis. But it’s quite difficult to identify them as an independent symptom of a serious disease, since the head often hurts during menstruation, and during stress, and during menopause. In general, women very often suffer from migraines, so it is difficult for them to understand that in this case, a headache signals something more life-threatening.

Here are a few more symptoms that are characteristic of a hypertensive crisis in women:

  • The appearance of goose bumps;
  • Anxiety;
  • Increased heart rate;
  • Feeling of lack of air;
  • Facial redness;
  • Hand tremors, cramps;
  • Anxiety, unreasonable fear;
  • Nervous overexcitation, irritability.

It is important to monitor your condition, try to identify serious signs and objectively distinguish them from the usual symptoms. This plays a huge role in maintaining health and life. The best solution is to have a device for measuring blood pressure. Then the woman will be able to control her condition, the work of blood vessels and the heart.

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Signs of a crisis in men

Priznaki gipertonicheskogo kriza 7 - The main signs of a hypertensive crisisConsider the signs of a hypertensive crisis in men. It is men who suffer from complications more, because they do not call doctors on time, preferring to endure to the last. As a result, their condition becomes severe, additional complications appear, and internal organs are under attack.

It is important to consider that the main symptomatology will also be associated with the condition of the so-called target organs. For example, in acute renal failure characteristic of the development of a crisis in men, there is a sharp pain in the kidneys and back.

Such a situation is quite common: men at a young age are engaged in physical work. With a heavy load, a hypertensive crisis suddenly begins to develop. The pressure jumps sharply. A person suffers from heat, agitation, feels a severe headache and heart palpitations. Face may turn red, cold sweat may appear.

A similar development of the crisis is observed under severe stresses, psychological stress. Blood pressure remains stably high. To find out how serious the situation is, you need to measure the pressure after 15 minutes. If it is still high, an ambulance must be called.

In some cases, a crisis develops gradually. Symptoms are minor at first. But then the condition worsens, the man can no longer hide his position. In particular, severe shortness of breath, sharp pains in the head and in the heart may appear. Hands are sometimes taken away, convulsive twitches disturb.

Priznaki gipertonicheskogo kriza 6 - The main signs of a hypertensive crisisAt an older age, men also suffer from hypertensive crises. They are characterized by a gradual development of the disease. Even with good treatment, blood pressure continues to increase every day.

In this case, there is weakness, a feeling of a completely broken condition, the skin turns pale, the head hurts greatly. People suffer from insomnia. In the future, this condition can be complicated by myocardial infarction, stroke, rupture of the aorta, and even sudden death.

It is extremely important to immediately send the patients to hospitals when the first severe symptoms appear. There, under the constant supervision of doctors, with all the relevant procedures, it is possible to prevent the development of severe complications, serious health consequences.

At home, coping with a hypertensive crisis is much more difficult, but for some patients this option is preferable, as they are too nervous in the hospital.

This succeeds if relatives have the opportunity to constantly be on duty at the patient’s bedside, have minimal medical knowledge and skills, are able to give injections and put droppers.

Now recognize the main spectrum of signs of a hypertensive crisis. It can be determined at home, to help diagnose the disease to another person. As a result, there is a chance to take measures in time, provide the necessary assistance and prevent serious health consequences.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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