Symptoms of intracranial pressure and treatment

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Causes of increased intracranial pressure

Some diseases can cause a violation of the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid and increase its pressure inside the cranium:

  • Benign or malignant brain tumors;
  • Diseases of an infectious nature that cause inflammatory processes in the brain – encephalitis and meningitis;
  • izbytok vesa 1 - Symptoms of intracranial pressure and treatmentTraumatic effects – bruises and concussions;
  • Impaired circulation of cerebrospinal fluid due to vascular thrombosis;
  • Congenital hydrocephalus in newborns due to infectious diseases carried by the mother during pregnancy;
  • Migraine;
  • Excess weight;
  • The accumulation in the body of a large amount of excess fluid;
  • A sharp increase in blood pressure (it happens with toxicosis in the late period of pregnancy);
  • Ischemic stroke of the brain;
  • Body poisoning.

But if blood pressure can be easily measured, then it is not so easy to determine if you feel unwell, whether the intracranial is elevated. What are the symptoms of intracranial pressure in women, because in them it is especially common? What is its increase expressed in?

What numbers are considered normal?

In a healthy person, the rate of intracranial pressure is in the range of 10-15 millimeters of mercury. Values ​​starting from 25 mmHg are considered hazardous, and when approaching 35 mm the condition is considered critical. A person with such pressure can face loss of consciousness and death of brain cells.

To maintain the subsequent quality of life, and sometimes life itself, it is important to notice signs of ill health in time.

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With an increase in intracranial pressure, the symptoms indicating this are as follows:

  • Headache, which is present constantly, regardless of the time of day, often it already exists after awakening;
  • Not associated with physical factors increased sweating;
  • golovnaya bol 1 - Symptoms of intracranial pressure and treatmentVegetative-vascular phenomena – nervousness and fatigue, weakness, fatigue;
  • Accelerated pulse;
  • Disorder of vision and interference arising in the field of view in the form of a bifurcation of objects;
  • Peripheral vision disorder;
  • Noise in ears;
  • Sore head movements;
  • Pain in the eyes;
  • Nausea, vomiting;
  • The appearance of bruises under the eyes;
  • Swelling of the face and eyes;
  • Weather dependence, sensitivity to weather changes, fall or rise in atmospheric pressure;
  • A condition close to fainting;
  • Speech disorder;
  • Impaired attention and memory;
  • Suffocation;
  • Pain in the heart.

These signs indicate that processes harmful to health occur in the body, leading to increased intracranial pressure.

Vomiting with increased intracranial pressure is similar to the manifestations of migraine, but does not bring relief.

It is customary to separate the forms of manifestation of intracranial pressure into two types: acute and chronic. The acute form occurs due to abruptly formed brain damage from trauma, aneurysm or as a result of cerebral hemorrhage.

With an unexpected sharp increase in intracranial pressure, a life-threatening condition occurs that, in the absence of therapeutic measures, can lead to death or serious complications such as strokes, pinching of the cerebellum, bordering on blindness of visual impairment; mental disorders and inhibition of mental activity are not excluded.

In this case, emergency measures are necessary, but it is better not to be in a critical situation and, at the first sign of increased intracranial pressure, consult a neurologist for an objective diagnosis and treatment.

In order to urgently help a person with an acute form of ICP, a craniotomy is done – surgical removal of the cranial box pieces, which helps to get access to the desired area and allows you to quickly normalize intracranial pressure.

The chronic form appears gradually, often it is of neurological origin, and sometimes the result of mechanical damage, illness, side effects of certain drugs.

ICP Diagnosis

Diagnosis of intracranial pressure consists in collecting data on the parameters of the patient’s body systems and taking into account possible diseases that could affect the patient’s condition.

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The survey includes examinations of:

  • Vnutricherepnoe davlenie simptomy 2 - Symptoms of intracranial pressure and treatmentElectroencephalogram of the brain (EEG);
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
  • Computed tomography (CT);
  • X-ray examination of the skull;
  • Ultrasound procedure;
  • Ophthalmologist examination of the fundus of the patient;
  • General blood analysis;
  • Blood chemistry;
  • Blood test for electrolytes;
  • If a connection with other diseases is likely, additional examinations in this direction are prescribed, which determine the degree of influence of other factors and contraindications in the selection of drugs

In addition to this, a study of the composition of the cerebrospinal fluid is carried out in the laboratory.

Therapies

Intracranial pressure at elevated rates requires attention, and sometimes immediate treatment, to avoid impaired brain activity and other serious health consequences, including death.

Based on the severity of the course of the disease and concomitant diseases, the doctor recommends treatment in a hospital or offers a treatment regimen that does not require hospitalization.

Treatment of intracranial pressure in adults usually includes, if there is no urgent indication for inpatient observation:

  1. Massazh vorotnikovoy zony 1 - Symptoms of intracranial pressure and treatmentA regimen that regulates fluid intake.
  2. Diuretic drugs. Diuretics remove excess fluid from the body, which helps reduce intracranial pressure.
  3. Sedatives
  4. Corticosteroids.
  5. Nootropics.
  6. Gymnastics.
  7. Collar massage.
  8. Vascular preparations.

If the rise in intracranial pressure is provoked by a tumor or hematoma in the brain, which requires surgical intervention, then an operation is performed to remove these formations.

Surgery

Hydrocephalus, as one of the most severe conditions, is not treated with tablets and does not give in to conservative methods of exposure.

Medications can relieve headaches caused by intracranial pressure, but not eliminate the cause. Do not waste time, do not start the disease. The only way to cure is prompt.

Medication Therapy

Conservative medication is prescribed by a doctor, taking into account the collected picture of the patient’s disease.

  • Glycine (from the group of neuroprotectors);
  • Diacarb;
  • Dexamethasone;
  • Furosemide;
  • Glycerol, mannitol (osmotic diuretics to accelerate the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid).

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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