Prevention of kidney stones rules and recommendations

Urolithiasis is the most common disease associated with a deviation in the normal functioning of the urinary system, with the formation of sand or stones of different chemical composition in the kidneys, bladder or ureters.

To avoid kidney stones, it is very important to prevent the formation of kidney stones.

Why are kidney stones dangerous?

The danger of kidney stones is that the movement of the stones causes complications, leading to renal colic or hydronephrosis.

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Renal colic is an attack of severe cutting pain, intense and cramping in the lumbar region. It occurs due to a violation of the normal outflow of urine and a blockage of the urethra, which provokes the accumulation of urine in the bladder, kidneys.

Hydronephrosis is a pathology associated with a violation of the outflow of urine, the accumulation of which increases the pressure in the calyx-pelvic system.

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The treatment is carried out in 2 stages. At the first stage, the pain attack is relieved with the help of painkillers (Ketones, Nimesulide, Celebrex, Ketonal, Meloxicam) and antispasmodic (Mebeverin, Papaverin, Hyoscin, No-shpa, Apofen, Difacil, Bencyclan) drugs, take pills or give an injection.

At the second stage, treatment is carried out aimed at eliminating the causes of kidney stones. The patient is prescribed bed rest. The doctor prescribes for small stones or sand:

  • Antibiotics (Nitroxoline, Monural, Furagin)
  • Antispasmodics (Plantex, Spazgan, Drotaverin)
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs (Ketoral, Ketoprofen, Ibufen)
  • Uroseptics (Phytolysin, Canephron, Cyston)
  • Preparations for the normalization of intestinal microflora – probiotics (Linex, Enterol, Bifiform).

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    The frequency and dosage of drugs, the duration of treatment are prescribed by the attending physician.


    The disease is manifested most often by the following symptoms:

  • Sudden cramping pain in the lumbar region or hypochondrium.
  • Dizziness.
  • Increased body temperature.
  • Bloating.
  • Increased blood pressure.
  • Bradycardia.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Dysuria.
  • Hematuria (urine with blood)
  • Renal failure.
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • Oliguria (slowing down the flow of urine)
  • Anuria (urine does not flow into the bladder).

    Symptoms can manifest themselves with different intensities, however, timely diagnosis will prevent further development of complications of the disease.

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    Rules and guidelines for preventing kidney stones

    In case of diseases of the urinary system, you should not neglect professional medical help. Diagnostics and preventive measures should be carried out in time:

  • Observed by a nephrologist or urologist.
  • Periodically undergo an ultrasound of the kidneys.
  • Take a general urine and blood test once a year.
  • Use preventive drugs that will allow you to get rid of sand, crush small kidney stones – Cyston, Kanefron, Urolesan, Fitolizin, Margulit, Allopurinol, Avisan, Uralit-U, Rovatinex, Tsistenal, Fitolit, Olimetin.
  • Use traditional medicine.
  • Drink enough purified water.
  • Get hardened.
  • Get rid of bad habits.
  • Eat fruit drinks from lingonberries, raspberries, eat watermelons, melons.
  • Prevent the development of infectious diseases and complete the entire course of treatment,
  • Drink mineralized water: Borjomi, Essentuki, Naftusya, Berezovskaya, Narzan, Arzni, Smirnovskaya, Slavyanskaya.
  • Eat a low calcium diet.

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    Before using any traditional medicine or medicines, you should consult a doctor and get recommendations on their use.

    Nutrition and diet for kidney stones

    To determine the diet, the type and chemical composition of the stones formed should be taken into account. If the cause is not determined, then diet number 10 is prescribed. Eliminate heavy foods and foods that contribute to the formation of flatulence from the diet:

  • Fresh bakery.
  • Salt.
  • Fried food.
  • Spice.
  • Pickles.
  • Fat meat.
  • Canned meat and fish.
  • Sausages.
  • Smoked meats.
  • Eggs.
  • Pickled foods.
  • Pickled vegetables.
  • Coffee.
  • Chocolate.
  • Garlic.
  • Legumes.

    The patient needs a diet to improve health, with the use of healthy, fresh food:

    • Wholemeal baked goods.
    • Boiled and stewed vegetables.
    • Boiled lean meat.
    • Decoctions of herbs.
    • Weak tea.
    • Dairy products.
    • Med.
    • Cereals.
    • Vegetable soups.
    • Fresh vegetable salads.
    • Fruit drinks.
    • Still mineral water.

    Medical treatment of the patient in combination with diet therapy will give a positive result faster.

    Bad habits

    The kidneys cleanse the blood of harmful substances, regulate the body’s water-salt balance. Disruption of their work leads to serious consequences and deterioration of the work of the whole organism, and in advanced cases – to death, so you should get rid of bad habits:

  • Alcohol and tobacco use.
  • Smoking different mixtures.
  • Drugs.
  • Drinking a lot of caffeine.
  • Violation of sleep, rest.
  • Lack of regular physical activity.
  • Strict and improper diets.
  • Lack of vitamins.
  • Incorrect food.
  • Drinking juices and drinks instead of water.
  • Excessive salt intake.
  • Incomplete or untimely emptying of the bladder.
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    Bad habits and neglect of a healthy lifestyle lead to many diseases, and most often lead to the formation of sand and kidney stones.

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    An improper lifestyle leads to a deterioration in the work of internal organs and the occurrence of diseases.

    A healthy lifestyle prolongs life, improves health. It is important to follow these guidelines:

    • Eat right.
    • Drink clean water.
    • Exercise regularly.
    • Dress for the weather.
    • Follow the rules of personal hygiene.
    • Healthy sleep.
    • Observe the daily regimen in accordance with the biological rhythms of the body.
    • Walks in the open air.
    • Get hardened.
    • Eliminate bad habits.

    Sanatoriums and resorts

    Preventive treatment of the urinary system is carried out at resorts in the Crimea, Truskavets, Yessentuki, Pyatigorsk, Mineralnye Vody, Sochi, Arshan, Zheleznovodsk, Nalchik, Karelia, Saki, Evpatoria.

    In the sanatoriums, a set of procedures and a diet are selected for each patient individually: according to medical indications. Most of the sanatoriums offer complex treatment in the form of such procedures:

  • Mud therapy.
  • Aromatherapy.
  • Mineral baths.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Phytotherapy.
  • Various types of massage.
  • Vacuum therapy.
  • Hydroozone therapy.

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    To avoid the risk of kidney stones, preventive procedures should be carried out on time, a healthy lifestyle should be followed, and the drinking regime should not be violated.

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    Tatyana Jakowenko

    Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

    For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

    He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.