The color of urine is an indicator that makes it possible to judge the state of health. In humans, urine can take on a light or dark yellow hue. The urine is orange, for example, when the color of the urine may change to citrus. There are a number of reasons that change the color of urine. We will talk about them in this article.
Why does urine turn orange?
Several factors affect the shade of urine. Urine can change color for the following reasons:
- Increased concentration of endogenous pigments (for example, urobilinogen and others),
- Eating foods with dyes
- The use of certain drugs,
- Urinary tract problems.
Let us examine each of these cases in more detail.
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Increased concentration of endogenous pigments
In this case, the urine changes its usual color due to the pigments produced by the body itself. For example, when urinating in the morning, an orange liquid can be observed. In this case, the color change is due to hormonal factors. The fact is that at night in the human body an antidiuretic hormone is produced, which changes the color of urine.
There are a number of foods that, if consumed too much, will turn urine orange. These include:
Artificial dyes also affect the color of urine. As a rule, urine takes on an orange tint with excessive consumption of sweets, etc. It is for this reason, and not because of kidney problems, that the shade of urine in the child changes.
Dehydration can also change the color of your urine. Dehydration affects people who consume little fluids or suffer from various intestinal infections that cause diarrhea and vomiting. The body, in order to compensate for the lack of water, tries to produce high-concentration urine, as a result of which the urine changes its usual color.
Use of medications
Certain medications can cause darkening of the urine. This is due to the fact that almost all drugs pass through the kidneys before leaving the body. Thus, drugs after use leave active substances or metabolites in urine. It is they who give the urine a dark orange color. Drugs that change the color of urine include:
- Uropirine (analgesic)
- Rifampicin (antibiotic)
- Vitamins of groups A, B, C, etc.
It is also worth noting that orange urine in women who take vitamin complexes is quite a typical phenomenon.
Bright orange urine is one of the symptoms of kidney disease. Diseases that cause changes in urine color include:
- Pyelonephritis. The orange hue is caused by bacterial inflammation. Bacteria are actively multiplying and, accordingly, producing waste products, due to which urine acquires an unusual rusty color. In addition to the unusual shade of urine, symptoms of the disease include fever, severe pain in the lower back, frequent and possibly painful urination,
- Kidney stone disease. With kidney stones, the urine (also known as uric acid salts) increases in urine. One of the main symptoms of this disease is the so-called renal colic. This symptom is characterized by sharp and sharp pain that spreads from the lower back to the groin. Sometimes the pain is so severe that vomiting and blood pressure can rise. During urination, sand and even small stones may be released. Traces of blood can also often be found in urine. Most often, this disease occurs in men,
- Glomerulonephritis. Due to the violation of the filtration process in the kidneys, the release of blood cells occurs. As a result, urine takes on specific shades. With glomerulonephritis, urine can acquire not only orange, but also brown, red color. Symptoms can also include increased blood pressure, swelling (usually in the face), problems urinating,
- Gestosis. A female cause that occurs in the second half of pregnancy. This disease is dangerous for the expectant mother. It is for this reason that a woman with preeclampsia must be hospitalized immediately. Medical supervision is necessary in order to avoid complications with the kidneys.
If you have any suspicions about one of the above diseases, then you should immediately consult a urologist. Typically, you will be referred for one of the examinations:
- Analysis of urine or blood,
- Liver samples,
- Ultrasound of the kidneys or bladder.
Based on the results, you will be assigned the appropriate treatment. All recommendations of your doctor must be strictly followed. In no case should the disease be allowed to take its course. In this case, even relatively harmless problems with the urinary system can lead to chronic kidney disease, which is very difficult to treat.