Hypoallergenic diet for allergies in a child and an adult

dieta - 3The word diet in modern society has become synonymous with “restriction”. Dukan’s diet, principles of proper nutrition (PPP), no carbohydrate, protein – people are literally obsessed with the idea of ​​losing weight.

Moreover, if earlier public figures fought overweight, today the diet has become almost a panacea for all diseases. Moreover, quite often some restrictions in the diet give very positive results.

Diet for allergies in a child

When it comes to childhood illnesses or even the slightest deviations from the norm, parents are ready to do anything to help their beloved child. Expensive surgeries, the latest drugs, comfortable hospitals – this is the minimum that the older generation is ready to go to in order to save the younger.

But often, in order not to endure huge financial expenses and not to test the strength of the child’s own nervous system and nervous system, it is enough to clearly follow the recommendations of the attending physician and adhere to the diet prescribed by him.

In order to effectively and as quickly as possible cope with allergies, it is necessary to find out where the threat comes from, that is, to remove the allergen (the substance that provokes an allergic reaction).

To do this, you can conduct long-term monitoring of the baby at home, but, in order to achieve a reliable and quick result, it is better to conduct a series of laboratory tests and pass tests. These simple methods will allow you to identify the “irritant” and get rid of it.

A hypoallergenic diet obeys the rules, the observance of which will help the child overcome allergic conditions, and subsequently – completely defeat this misfortune:

  • Avoiding foods that are potential allergens.
  • Inclusion in the diet of only those products that meet the age characteristics of the child.
  • Food should be balanced.
  • Strict control over the quality, calorie content and combination of products.

To the group of dangerous allergens, i.e. products that are almost guaranteed to cause a negative reaction include: citrus fruits, black currants, pomegranate, chocolate, cocoa, honey, seafood, red vegetables, mushrooms, pickled, smoked, canned foods.

Eggs and cow’s milk cause a lot of controversy, on the one hand they are not removed from the diet, if there are no direct indications for this, because the nutrients they contain are irreplaceable. On the other hand, they are included in the menu of allergy sufferers with great vigilance.

If the treating doctor prescribes a diet, then his instructions regarding nutrition should be adhered to impeccably. After all, allergy can occur as an independent atypical condition, or be a symptom of another serious illness. And often dieting is the only sure way to allow the immune system to respond to the threat.

A diet for allergies is not a bliss, modern doctors, but an urgent need. Since, if you identify an allergen and exclude it from the child’s diet, you will be able to prevent many difficulties.

Of course, not all children, and not always, voluntarily adhere to a diet, but parents should do their best to uphold the rules of a hypoallergenic diet and prepare them all sorts of healthy treats.

How strict the prohibitions should be depends directly on how old the child is. For example, if an allergy occurs in newborns, then a nursing mother should correct the diet. If the child is artificially fed, then it will be enough to change the mixture.

For older children, treatment should be started by excluding foods from the list of potential allergens. The categorical prohibition applies to chips, soda and fast food.

To permanently rid your child of allergies, you need to observe the following precautions:

  • Control portion sizes, avoid oversupply.
  • Feed the baby only on demand.
  • Be careful about protein foods, alternate their use.
  • Introducing hypoallergenic vegetables and fruits in every meal will speed up the elimination of the allergen.
  • Correctly heat the product (stewing, cooking, baking). Fried food is contraindicated.
  • Limit sugar and acidic foods.
  • Exclude all kinds of exoticism. Food should be appropriate for the season and region of residence of the patient.

Another effective way to prevent allergies in children, in addition to removing allergy-causing foods from the diet, is to create a special menu. Parents should not neglect this recommendation, which at first glance may not seem important.

Because, often, excluding certain “harmful” foods, they, involuntarily, worsen the diet of children, which further leads to a lack of nutrients.

So, a menu for children with allergies may look like this:

Breakfast: Porridge made from various types of cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, corn). Even cereals should be used with caution if the child is allergic to gluten or milk.

Lunch: Soups cooked in the second broth, excluding foods that increase gas formation (peas, cabbage) and reducing the amount of starchy vegetables (potatoes).

Snack: Drinkable fermented milk products, whole grain crisps, dried fruit or baked fruit

Dinner: Boiled, stewed and baked meat, garnish: cereals or potatoes (with care), stewed vegetables or fresh vegetable salad, which the child’s body tolerates well.

Children react quite hard to all kinds of prohibitions, respectively, it is quite natural that the diet will also not be accepted with a bang.

This raises a quite natural question: “How long will this kind of restrictions last?”

It depends on the severity of the allergy and at what stage it is. So, if the baby goes through the acute or initial phase of allergy, then the diet should be strict. During the period of remission, some taboos can be removed, but this must be done gradually and carefully monitor the child’s reaction.

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Another good way to combat and prevent allergies in a child is to keep a food diary. It records everything that the baby ate or drank during the day. It often happens that this tool alone is enough to identify the allergen and no additional tests are required.

Of course, any health problem is best prevented. After all, her treatment requires a lot of time and moral strength.

Effective means of prevention include:

  • Exclusive breastfeeding for at least 6 months
  • Compliance with the correct diet for a nursing mother,
  • Timely and competent introduction of complementary foods,
  • Caution about “harmful products” and medicines,

Diet for allergies in adults

Unlike children, whose menus are most often controlled by parents, adults are no less susceptible to allergic reactions. But, if a child, in most cases, is diagnosed with a food allergy, then in adults the spectrum of such problems is wider.

In addition to the improper immune response to food, the body also sharply rejects medicinal or chemical irritants.

If a person is worried about respiratory symptoms, itching, burning on the skin, rashes, swelling of mucous membranes or skin – we can safely say that he is faced with an allergy.

The manifestation of all or one of the above conditions will bother him to one degree or another, up to the identification and complete elimination of the allergen, especially this statement is true regarding food allergies.

But even when a person suffers from some other type of it, a hypoallergenic diet or, at least, a sparing diet will also help to overcome it and remove accumulated toxins.

A strict diet that excludes all allergens is necessary if an accurate diagnosis of food allergy is made. It promotes the elimination of toxins from the body, has a good effect on the immune system, helping the action of medications and reducing general symptoms.

A hypoallergenic menu is recommended if it is not possible to identify which specific product is causing a negative reaction. At the same time, new products introduced into the diet are monitored and the allergen is eliminated.

Gentle eating is a good way to prevent allergies. And rejection of “dangerous products” and a competent drinking regime help to completely overcome its manifestations.

There are only two types of diets that must be adhered to in the event of allergic reactions: a nonspecific hypoallergenic diet and an elimination diet.

A nonspecific hypoallergenic diet is especially effective during the acute course of the disease, it is used even if it is not possible to identify a factor provoking a negative reaction.

The basic principle, when following this diet, is the complete exclusion or at least the maximum restriction of foods from the risk group, these include:

  • Citrus fruits (including pomegranate) and all orange foods
  • Honey,
  • Mushrooms,
  • Sauces and condiments,
  • A fish,
  • Chocolate and coffee,
  • Eggs

During the acute period, canned food, marinades, smoked meats, foods containing a large amount of salt and alcohol are added to this list.

But what to do if you have a tendency to allergies or if this condition is already developing?

  • Eat a sufficient amount of clean drinking ox. Also, juices, unsweetened compotes, rosehip broth are suitable to quench your thirst, all these drinks are best prepared on your own.
  • The basis of the diet should be plant foods,
  • Cook with a minimum amount of spices, and it is better to completely exclude them,
  • Give up garlic, horseradish, pepper and mustard.
  • Simplicity of dishes.

They adhere to such a diet for several days, and the introduction of new products is carried out gradually, observing the reaction (two days).

Doctors recommend adhering to an elimination diet if the allergen is known and in fairness it should be noted that it is most often used as a diet for food allergies. It is based on the complete elimination of the product that causes a negative reaction and all types of food containing it.

For example, if eggs give a negative effect, then baked goods, soufflés, mayonnaise sauces are removed from the diet. Also banned are well-known allergens – citrus fruits, chocolate, fish, honey, spices, sugar, salt and concentrated broths.

The menu should be dominated by foods with a high fiber content: vegetables, fruits, cereals, bran. Another very important point is the method of cooking, fried food is excluded in full, it must be stewed, baked and boiled. Meals should be fractional, and the amount of portions eaten at one time should be small.

This type of diet must be adhered to for 3-4 days, and the total duration should not exceed 10-14 days, otherwise, after its cancellation, you may encounter a negative reaction from the gastrointestinal tract. It is necessary to return to the usual diet gradually, introducing each new product once every two days.

Diet for protein allergies

The correct choice of diet depends on which protein is causing the allergic reaction:

  • The “record holder” in this list is milk protein, the diet for this type of allergy will be discussed below.
  • Allergy to fish protein. To overcome this problem, it is necessary to completely eliminate all foods that contain it, even in small quantities. This protein does not decompose during heat treatment, which means that any fish dishes are prohibited. Seafood is also a taboo.
  • Egg white is another danger that should be avoided.
  • Rounding out the list are nuts, especially peanuts.
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All of the above products are completely excluded, and the further diet is based on the principle of substitution. For example, cow protein is replaced with chicken or goat protein, and the loss of calcium is replenished with broccoli, etc.

Since the child’s body needs proteins, the ideal option is to replenish the missing substances by replacing one of its types with another.

For example, chicken for pork, milk for vegetable, but this is only if there are no direct contraindications to this. The diet must include cereals, nuts, legumes.

There are situations when whole milk is not digested at all, but the body perfectly tolerates fermented milk products. In this case, the lack of milk is compensated by the introduction of such dishes as cheese cakes or casseroles, or cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir.

An approximate diet for protein allergy may look like this:

Breakfast: Porridge, whole grains, bread, vegetables, fruits, casseroles, cheesecakes, tea

Lunch: Soups, cabbage soup, okroshka, stewed vegetables, steam cutlets, boiled or stewed meat, compotes.

Afternoon snack: Bananas, cookies, juices, jelly, drying, yogurt, light salad.

Dinner: Meat cooked in a gentle way, provided that it does not cause allergic reactions, cereal side dishes, stewed vegetables.

Food should be eaten in small portions, but often. If you are allergic to protein in children, you should carefully monitor the frequency of the child’s stool, because quite often it happens that the cause of a food allergy may not be the food itself, but imperfection of the gastrointestinal tract or an insufficient amount of enzymes that help break down food. In adults, this condition can be caused both by congenital features and past diseases and painful conditions. In this case, a hypoallergenic diet should be adhered to until remission occurs, in the future, the diet expands.

Diet for milk allergies

Like many others, milk allergy can already appear during the neonatal period. If the parents decide that the baby should be transferred to artificial nutrition, then the basis of his nutrition will be lactose-free mixtures and mixtures based on goat milk.

If they insist on breastfeeding, then the mother’s nutrition is adjusted, its basis should be hypoallergenic products.

In order to overcome this type of allergy, you need to completely abandon products containing milk protein. And in some cases, it is also necessary to exclude veal and beef, and even chicken and eggs, fish, seafood, nuts, honey, avocado, if we are talking about an adult.

If the manifestation of unwanted reactions manifests itself in a baby who is breastfed, then these restrictions are imposed on the diet of a nursing mother. Perhaps – it will sound strange, but these food taboos do not apply to fermented milk products, they are added to the menu, carefully observing the patient’s reaction and most often they do not cause rejection.

People suffering from food allergies are also shown cereals, soups, salads from green vegetables and fruits, lean meat, stale white bread.

Diet for skin allergies

Nutrition with this type of allergic reactions also has its own characteristics. In addition to the general rules, which were already mentioned above and the exclusion of the list of dangerous products, it should be remembered that it is customary to cook food on your own, and before using any finished product, carefully study its composition.

In this state, the list of prohibitions is supplemented with semolina, lamb and sour cream, as a separate dish, it can only be eaten with cottage cheese and yogurt.

Allergy is certainly a very unpleasant condition, but not a sentence. Of course, any diet is based on limiting or completely eliminating a number of foods, BUT. Firstly, some of these prohibitions do not apply on a permanent basis, and secondly, it is better to temporarily abandon one product than to later face serious health problems.

It must be remembered that only a doctor can prescribe, correct or cancel any diet after studying the clinical picture and making the correct diagnosis. He will also tell you about how long the restrictions will last. It is possible that, having listened to his recommendations, the patient, after a while, will be able to eat his favorite food without fear of serious health consequences.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.