Blood pressure is the most important indicator of the functioning of the body. Normal data are 120/70, small deviations usually do not cause much concern.
With intense loads and unrest, the pressure can increase, but if there is no pathology, it quickly recovers to an average level.
Pressure numbers 140 to 60 are not the norm for either the lower or the upper indicator. What do these data mean and what treatment is required?
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Causes of high and low blood pressure
Elevated pressure begins to alarm people after thirty years, but low blood pressure even attacks adolescents.
With an upper pressure of 140 and the following symptoms, there is a likelihood of a hypertensive crisis requiring immediate medical attention:
- Strong headache;
- Nausea or vomiting;
- Darkening in the eyes or “goosebumps” in front of the eyes;
- Sudden breakdown;
- Sticky sweat.
If you neglect your condition, serious complications are possible.
How dangerous is pressure 130 to 60 – you can read in this article.
Which means when the pressure is 140 to 60
The difference between the upper and lower pressure is considered the pulse pressure. Its norm is from 30 to 40 mm Hg. Art. With pressure surges or a sharp decrease in pressure, the pulse pressure remains at the usual level. But sometimes the difference is more than 40 mm, which indicates the presence of pathology.
An increase in pulse pressure occurs in healthy people with various overloads, but within 10-15 minutes, PA blood pressure usually normalizes.
At a pressure of 140 to 60, a thorough examination is required. A significant difference in performance may indicate serious ailments:
- Aortic valve disease
- Heart disease, including chronic failure;
- Intracranial hypertension;
- Negative changes in the vessels.
With such diseases, a continuous monitoring by a cardiologist is mandatory. The greater the pressure, the less flexible the vessels. The cause of this can also be iron deficiency or interruptions in the functioning of the thyroid gland.
High upper pressure with lower lower pressure is typical for elderly patients. This is a consequence of a decrease in vascular flexibility due to damage to atherosclerosis. An isolated increase in upper arterial pressure sometimes provokes a stroke and myocardial infarction.
It is necessary to constantly monitor the pulse pressure, measuring it twice a day. Modern electronic blood pressure monitors make it easy to determine the pressure indicators at home, which gives doctors the opportunity, if necessary, to analyze the dynamics and adjust the therapy.
Pressure 140 to 60: what to do
There are methods that allow you to normalize the pressure yourself:
- Ginger decoction (2 tbsp.spoons of grated root are poured with a liter of boiling water and infused for half an hour). Take a drink three times a day for a month.
- Breathing exercise: taking a deep breath with your mouth, holding your breath for 5 seconds and exhaling through your nose. It is performed slowly 15 times a day.
- Self-massage of the cervical vertebrae, rotation of the head in different directions.
- Eating foods rich in folic acid and iron (legumes, nuts, boiled potatoes, sauerkraut). And no diets!
- Pulse pressure decreases with diuretics, which reduce the volume of circulating blood, and the load on the heart decreases.
If the pressure does not return to normal, a quick call to the doctor is required.
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