What is hepatitis C disease

Hepatitis C is an exceptionally hazardous infectious disease, the effect of which is severe damage to the liver, which involves a partial or total stop of the work of this organ. Recently, practically everybody understands about hepatitis C, what type of disease it is and how it is transferred.

But many individuals still do not understand much about the primary indications of the disease and just what alters take place in the body throughout infection. Remaining in the dark, possible victims can contribute to the big list of victims of the infection without understanding it.

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What is hepatitis C

The mortal risk of the disease for the body is due to the viral nature of this disease. The HCV infection that provokes it impacts the liver. The infection permeates through the blood. The disease handles a severe or persistent kind.

The HCV infection itself is a chain of ribonucleic membranes, which utilizes liver tissue for its more development. The pathological result of RNA on the liver manifests itself in the kind of organ swelling.

In some cases, the body immune system, which requires defense, produces antibodies that assault not just ill, however likewise healthy cells. The disease is advancing.

Approximately 20% of individuals who have actually been identified with a severe viral kind of disease will recuperate. The staying 80% can live without understanding about the disease, which goes from a severe kind to a persistent one, which eventually results in death. How numerous clients with hepatitis live, nobody can state for sure.

If the disease was found instantly after infection, then the diagnosis might be rather positive. If the disease has actually been concealing in the body for a number of months or perhaps years, then the effects will be the most undesirable.

It is for this factor that everybody need to understand what hepatitis is, whether it is hazardous, what the effects might be.

Causes of hepatitis C

The reason for hepatitis C in grownups are questionable. Most frequently, the infection goes into the body through close contact with the blood of a currently contaminated individual. Avoiding the threat of the disease due to its high spread (over 150 million providers of the infection around the world) is challenging.

An undesirable possibility of getting contaminated appears throughout any surgeries. For infection, an easy contact of an improperly decontaminated instrument with the blood of a healthy individual is enough.

Among other factors for the advancement of the disease, we likewise keep in mind:

  • the failure of the body immune system to supply the body with reliable defense,
  • usage of health products,
  • sexual relations (incredibly uncommon),
  • different oral operations.

HIV infection is likewise among the reasons for the infection. Contacting ill individuals continuously, you need to understand whatever about what occurs after the infection and how it occurs. Let’s speak about this listed below.

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Symptoms and Diagnosis

The symptom of the infection is unnoticeable to an individual not familiar with the signs of this disease. Symptoms of hepatitis might stay hidden for 1-7 months after infection. This makes complex medical diagnosis and puts the client at considerable threat.

If we are speaking about a severe kind of the disease, then the very first indications of its look from the minute of infection can be concluded in the look of:

  • heaviness in the ideal side,
  • queasiness and throwing up (take place regularly),
  • apathetic mindset to food,
  • bitterness in the mouth
  • liquid and colorless feces,
  • subfebrile temperature level (37-37.3 degrees),
  • pain in the location of ​​the liver (it increases),
  • hurting limbs (rheumatoid signs),
  • urine that has actually altered its color (it darkens).

In a little portion of cases, a modification in the color of the skin is contributed to the noted signs. Patients establish jaundice. This indication not just shows the possible existence of the disease, however likewise

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enables you to detect it in a prompt way. About 20-25% of clients recuperate exactly due to early medical diagnosis. In males, the diagnosis is less beneficial, however it still exists.

The staying 75-80% of clients do not understand anything about the disease, and for that reason need to await the minute when it plainly manifests itself.

This occurs at the time of the shift of the disease from a severe kind to a persistent one.

The just possible diagnostic approach at an early phase of advancement (intense kind) is a blood test for the detection of particular antibodies to the infection. In this case, 2 tests are performed simultaneously. A favorable response to both of them shows the existence of the disease.

If just IgG antibodies of the class are discovered, then the individual himself need to not stress. He is the provider of the infection.

A blood test is drawn from practically everybody who was confessed to the healthcare facility for inpatient treatment. If an individual has a requirement for it, then he can call a therapist and ask him for a particular visit.

How is hepatitis C spread out?

The modes of transmission of hepatitis C are well comprehended. The infection is transferred from individual to individual through blood. You can get ill just when somebody else’s blood goes into the body.

As discussed above, this occurs:

  • with transfusion,
  • utilizing inadequately processed instruments (surgical, oral, manicure).

The paths of infection with hepatitis are many. The possibility of contracting hepatitis is high amongst health care employees and their family members. The threat of infection increases with age.

Older individuals with persistent illness can get viral hepatitis?

People, in addition to clients with a weak body immune system. If an individual has hepatitis C, the approaches of infection of which were explained above, then it is worth searching for its cause exactly in weak resistance.

The persistent kind is transferred in the very same method as the intense one. As quickly as the infection goes into the body, it starts to actively establish. In this case, you require a little blood for infection. It is soothing that hepatitis cannot be captured by the bite of a mosquito that has actually bitten a currently ill individual, or a family pet. Otherwise, all occupants of the world would be providers of the disease.

  • throughout giving birth,
  • breastfeeding,
  • substance abuse.

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The modes of transmission of hepatitis C likewise consist of sexual relations. Unprotected sexual relations is rather efficient in resulting in infection, supplied that the partner has this infection.

Answering concerns about how you can get hepatitis and how hepatitis C is transferred, specialists attempt to assure residents, stating that if specific safety measures are taken, the threat of infection is very little.

And yet, in contact with complete strangers – in public locations, at work, school, healthcare facility, it is needed to prevent direct contacts, wash hands and meals completely, utilize just your own things. Drops of blood of a contaminated individual might stay on complete strangers (unexpected cuts that are unnoticeable to the client needs to never ever be eliminated).

Thus, you can, if not entirely safeguard yourself, then considerably minimize the threat of infection penetration. The approach of transmission is contact, however because no medication has actually yet been developed for this disease, extreme safety measure will not harm.

How you can get contaminated without understanding it has actually currently been gone over. It is as much as everybody to choose whether to abide by precaution or not, however do not forget that if we are speaking about a lady who is a provider of the infection, then the kid she delivers will probably be ill. This is more than unwanted.

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Is hepatitis sexually transferred

For several years, professionals and regular individuals have actually been arguing about whether hepatitis C is transferred through sexual relations, through bed linen, through semen, whether it is worth restricting oneself in sexual life. There is still no unquestionable response to the concerns presented.

So, if the contaminated individual is physically healthy, he does not have injuries and other injuries on the genital areas, then he does exempt his partner to infection with unguarded sexual relations. Only those clients who, in addition to hepatitis C, have HIV infection are infectious.

When taking part in sexual relations with a complete stranger, you need to constantly keep in mind that hepatitis C might not be transferred sexually, however with other similarly hazardous illness, you can still get contaminated. The disease is similarly hazardous for females and males of reproductive age. Its effect can be infertility.

Can you get hepatitis C through a kiss?

The reason for hepatitis C infection cannot be identified in about 20% of cases of such event. At the very same time, many possible clients are searching for a response to the concern of whether it is possible to end up being contaminated with hepatitis C or B through a kiss.

Of course, there are very few individuals kissing complete strangers, however what if kissing even a popular individual is hazardous?

In truth, this is not so, it is difficult to get contaminated with kissing, the disease is not transferred through saliva, contact with blood is needed.

At house

It is tough to end up being contaminated with an infection in a domestic environment. Close family members of the client might well utilize the very same meals, clothing, kiss him and hug him. Outside the provider, the infection does not live long, for that reason just a little portion of individuals end up being contaminated by the family path.

These are generally those who utilize manicure gadgets and other cutting and stabbing items with the remains of the client’s blood. There are just no other methods of transmission of the infection in daily life.

Is it transferred after treatment

No more than 15% of clients can treat the disease. After treatment, the client might stay a provider of the infection for a long time, so you need to take care. The disease is dealt with, however the procedure is costly and lengthy.

Reinfection with hepatitis C

Re-infection with hepatitis C is possible. After a remedy, there are no antibodies to the infection in the body, and for that reason, in case of unexpected contact with a provider of the infection, the disease returns. There is no reliable approach of handling it. The range of variations in the infection avoids researchers from producing a reliable vaccine.

How not to get hepatitis C

Relatives of clients are frequently thinking about how to safeguard themselves from infection. For example, the concern of how not to get hepatitis C from a hubby in the house is more than appropriate, since you do not wish to prevent contact with an enjoyed one, and it is unwanted to put yourself at threat. It is essential to comprehend that the infection is transferred from individual to individual.

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  • consuming collectively prepared food,
  • utilizing clothing,
  • hugging,
  • kissing,
  • utilizing shared bed linen,
  • in contact with family pets.

The client does not posture any threat to others. But he will need to get his own health products. This is a tooth brush, razor, nail clipper, etc.

Contacts with cutting family products formerly utilized by the client are unwanted. The possibility that the blood of a client with an infection will stay on the tooth brush, for that reason, you need to not risk it.

As for mosquitoes and other blood-sucking pests, severe research study has actually been performed in this location, which has actually revealed that this approach of infection is difficult. Mosquitoes and other pests, consisting of those that are providers of malaria, do not endure any of the recognized stress of the infection in concern.

Hepatitis C is a viral disease, accompanied by serious liver damage, which leads to damage to the connective tissue of this organ. Medicines for the treatment of hepatitis have a favorable restorative result just if they were taken prior to the persistent kind of the disease. Infection by family ways is almost omitted.

The risk is the blood of an ill individual. Most frequently, the infection goes into the body through blood transfusion or giving birth. In the latter case, the infection is transferred from an ill mom to a healthy kid, or the kid and mom end up being contaminated for the very first time due to the inept actions of medical workers.

It is difficult to get contaminated by kissing, consuming, hugging. Insect and animal bites are likewise not hazardous. You can utilize typical plates and forks, bedding, however it is much better not to utilize typical tooth brushes and manicure gadgets. The disease is extremely tough to treat and need to be remembered.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.