Heart rate is usually measured on the wrist, in the area of which you can calculate the number of heart contractions in 60 seconds. Pulse rates in women and men are slightly different. They also depend on the age of the person and the presence of concomitant diseases.
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The heart rate in men at rest ranges from 60 to 90 beats in 60 seconds.
The indicators are affected by:
- the weight;
- psycho-emotional states;
The normal heart rate in women depends on age indicators and the general condition of the body and varies from 70 to 90 for young girls, and from 65 to 80 for older women.
Heart rate during exercise rises sharply and departs from normal indicators at rest. Walking and running activate muscle work, which consumes a certain amount of energy. At the same time, metabolism and blood circulation are accelerated, in connection with which the tissues are actively enriched with oxygen, and the pulse rate increases.
The norm of heart rate in women when walking is 100-120 beats per minute. Moreover, an indicator of 100 indicates good physical fitness. An increase in reductions to 120 and above indicates the need for more frequent training. Jogging involves a more intense burden on the work of the heart than just walking. Therefore, heart rate will be higher – from 115 to 140 beats per minute.
The pulse indicators in women are affected by age-related indicators. At different stages of life, the body undergoes many changes that affect the metabolic rate, blood vessels and heart muscle.
Before 30 years
The body of a young woman under 30 years of age under normal functioning is rarely amenable to significant changes. As a rule, the cardiovascular system functions without disturbances.
In the case when there are significant deviations from the indicators, there is a risk of malfunctions in the body.
After 30 years
Heart rate in women tends to slow with age. Therefore, after 30 years, the minimum rates in the norm remain the same – 60 beats per minute. The maximum allowable performance is 85 beats per minute.
After 50 years
In a woman’s body after 50 years, a number of changes occur that affect the heart rate.
- hormonal changes due to menopause;
- slow metabolism;
- loss of vascular elasticity;
- high cholesterol;
- wrong lifestyle.
All this can lead to malfunction of the cardiovascular system and the development of tachycardia or arrhythmia. The pulse rate in women after 50 years averages 65-75 beats in 60 seconds.
The formula for calculating the pulse is used in the case of physical activity in order to build on these indicators in the future when doing sports. For this purpose, the well-known Carvonen formula is used, which allows you to calculate heart rate at the time of physical activity and work at a pulse that will facilitate the fat burning process.
- Heart rate = (220 – woman’s age) – heart rate> x IDI heart rate.
- Heart rate – the number of heart contractions at rest.
- IIT – the intensity of the planned physical activity (from 10 to 80%, which corresponds to 0.1 – 0.8).
Normal heart rate per minute (women have a faster heart rate more often) can be restored by using the means and recipes of traditional medicine. They act as a component of complex treatment along with medications.
- A decoction of hawthorn. Hawthorn strengthens the heart muscle and normalizes heart rate. For cooking, you need to pour 50 g of berries, pour 200 ml of boiling water and insist for 8-10 hours. Drink 50 ml before meals.
- Tincture of Valerian root. The plant lowers heart rate. To prepare the tincture at home, you need to take 20 g of the crushed root of the plant and pour 200 ml of hot water. Insist the solution for 12 hours, take 3 times a day for 20 ml.
- Tea made from lemon balm. It is necessary to use with a rapid heartbeat. To make tea, you need to pour 20 g of dried plants, pour 200 ml of hot water, keep on fire for 5 minutes. Insist 30 minutes and consume 100 ml 3 times a day.
- Lemon and garlic mixture. It is used at a reduced heart rate. Squeeze juice from 1 lemon, mix with 1 minced clove of garlic and pour 20 ml of linden honey. Consume 40 g in the morning on an empty stomach.
- A mixture of dried fruits. For cooking, you will need 100 g of dried apricots, raisins, walnuts, ½ lemon and 4 tbsp. l honey. Grind dried fruits with nuts and lemon using a meat grinder or blender. Mix the resulting mixture with honey and consume 30 g at breakfast.
For a woman who has reached 30 years, the pulse rate should be 50-70 beats per minute. The maximum allowable threshold is 100 beats. min at rest. Indicators may vary, but remain the norm, with the following factors:
- Pregnancy – 85-115 beats. min
- Active physical activity – 90-120 beats. min
- Mental work – 80-110 beats. min
At this age, heart function is largely dependent on weight. As a rule, a woman already manages to have a baby (children). Against the background of increased hormonal levels, body weight can both significantly increase and decrease. The higher the weight, the faster the heart beats. This also applies to pathological dystrophy. Therefore, measuring heart rate should be a good daily habit.
A simple procedure does not take much time, does not require special skills, but it will allow you to find out what heart rate is optimal in 30-35 years. It is enough to attach the index and middle fingers to the radial artery (on the wrists from the side of the thumb), count the tremors for 30 seconds. Multiply the result by two. By checking your heart rate every morning, immediately after waking up, you can always control your heart rate.
A woman of 30 years old is still young enough for chronic diseases that can trigger a rapid pulse. But it’s already quite mature to understand that a constant increased heartbeat can become a sign of serious pathological processes in the body. In addition to the natural physiological processes that are characteristic of 30-39 years, pregnancy or sports, the pulse may increase in the following circumstances:
- Excessive consumption of tonic drinks – tea, coffee, energy;
- The presence of bad habits – smoking, alcohol, drug addiction;
- Negative emotions and experiences;
- Infectious diseases accompanied by an increase in general body temperature;
- The development of cardiological pathologies – arrhythmia, hypertension, ischemic heart disease.
There are quite pleasant reasons for the increased heart rate:
- Traveling – during the period of acclimatization;
- Highlands – altitude from 2000 meters causes heart rate;
- Positive emotions – an increased level of the hormone endorphin causes an increased heart rate, acts very favorably on the body.
In women at the age of 30, their own body, under any circumstances, informs about the state of the heart by pulsating veins, gives a hint on how to proceed – seek medical help, fight bad habits or enjoy moments of happiness.
Women who have reached the age threshold of 40 years are simply obliged to pay due attention to their body signals. During this period, the first signs of hypertension or malfunctions of the cardiovascular system may occur. Knowing how often the myocardium is reduced today (and every day) will help to respond to alarming symptoms in time. Shocks are counted in the morning, in a state of complete rest, are scrupulously recorded. After a week, you can draw the first conclusions.
|Type of activity||Heart rate, beats per minute||Maximum allowed|
|Complete peace (sleep, rest)||50 – 67||70|
|In the morning||50 – 68||70|
|In the afternoon||68 – 86||90|
|Walking tour||82 – 88||90|
|Fast walk||102 – 108||120|
|Jogging||128 – 148||160|
|Marathon race (with obstacles)||168 – 178||190|
The table below contains standard data suitable for women 40-49 years old, not suffering from chronic diseases, adhering to an active lifestyle, not having problems with weight.
|Age||Maximum and minimum limit||Average value|
|15-50 years||60 – 80||70|
|50-70 years||66 – 87||76|
|From 70 years||72 – 92||81|
|Age||Maximum and minimum limit||Average value|
|Up to 3-4 weeks||115 – 165||135|
|From 1 to 12 months||105 – 160||130|
|1-3 years||90 – 150||122|
|3-5 years||85 – 135||110|
|5-7 years||80 – 120||100|
|7-9 years||72 – 112||92|
|9-11 years||65 – 105||85|
|11-15 years||58 – 97||77|
Knowing what pulse is normal in women and men by age, many diseases can be avoided. Measurement should be at rest. Under the influence of other factors (playing sports, pregnancy), slight deviations are possible.
Heart rate when walking
While walking, there is a slight increase in heart rate. How many heart contractions per minute will be depends on the person’s fitness. In people leading a sedentary lifestyle, heart rate can jump to 120, and among walkers it will remain within 90-100. To calculate the maximum allowable limit, it is necessary to subtract the person’s age from 180.
When walking, a valid heart rate is as follows:
- 15 years old – 165;
- 35 years old – 145;
- 55 years old – 125;
- 75 years – 105.
Pulse in a calm state is determined in the morning. A person needs to sit on a chair and count the pulse. Changing the position of the body or taking measurements in the evening is not recommended, as the final result will be distorted.
Common Standards at Rest:
- adults – 60-80;
- the elderly – 70-90;
- adolescents – 70-80;
- kids up to 2 years old – 90-100;
- newborns – 130-140.
Heart rate while running
|Age||Maximum allowable heart rate||Pulse for weight loss||Heart rate and stamina pulse|
|30||170||155 – 160||110 – 120|
|50||150||135 – 140||90 – 110|
|70||130||115 – 120||70 – 90|
Heart rate is usually measured on the wrist. It is enough for a person to count the number of pulse waves in 1 minute. To obtain more accurate data, it is recommended to measure on both limbs. As a comprehensive examination in a hospital setting, the doctor first recognizes the heart rate, then he will do the calculation of the number of respiratory movements (NPV) for 1 minute and determine the type of breathing. The obtained indicator is especially important for assessing the development of the child.
During the measurement of the pulse, you need to pay attention to its rhythm. Shocks should be of equal strength and after an equal period of time. If there are no deviations, it is enough to give the procedure 30 seconds, and then multiply the result by 2. If an obvious violation in the heartbeat is detected, it is better to spend at least 1 minute on measuring and consult a doctor.
- Daily monitoring of the ECG will allow you to see changes in the heart during the day under the influence of various factors.
- Treadmill test is prescribed to assess heart rate under the influence of physical activity.
Due to problems with blood vessels or injuries, sometimes it is necessary to count pulse waves on other arteries. Instead of the wrist, palpation of the neck can be done. Fluctuations will come from the carotid artery.
The dependence of heart rate on various factors
The normal pulse of a person should remain within 60-90. Its frequency may increase or decrease due to certain factors. If they are not associated with pathological processes developing in the body, then the resulting deviation will be considered non-hazardous. Stresses, overwork, overeating and the effect of low temperature, for example, after a long walk in cold weather, only briefly break the usual rhythm of the heart.
The frequency of contractions may vary depending on the time of day (morning, night). After awakening, the person has the lowest pulse, and in the evening is closer to the upper limit. It is equally important to consider physical fitness. In athletes, the number of pulse waves at rest is slightly below normal. Such a phenomenon is associated with intense training, forcing the heart to pump more blood.
The pulse rate in men and women is not particularly different. The difference is 5-7 beats per minute. Significant deviations are detected only because of the characteristics of the hormonal system. During menopause, which occurs at fifty to sixty years, and during pregnancy, female representatives may experience tachycardia and small pressure surges.
The pulse is most dependent on age-related features:
- In babies, heart rate even in a calm state is significantly higher than the norm of an adult. Deviation is caused by intensive growth of the body.
- Adolescent children may suffer from tachycardia due to puberty and manifestations of vegetovascular dystonia (VVD). It occurs against a background of stress and anxiety, especially in high school (before exams).
- In older people, the cardiovascular system is not in the best condition due to gradual wear and tear, so they are highly likely to develop various pathologies. Against the background of age-related changes, the heartbeat can be eighty-one hundred beats per minute even at rest, and the reaction to physical activity is usually more pronounced.
Causes of deviation in heart rate
Deviations of heart rate indicators from generally accepted norms can be a sign of serious violations in the work of the heart and blood vessels. There are two main deviations associated with heart rate – tachycardia and bradycardia.
In medicine, the increased heart rate is called tachycardia. This is a symptom that indicates both the presence of pathological processes and an unstable emotional state. A pulse is considered to be fastened, the indicators of which exceed 90 beats per minute at rest.
Tachycardia develops due to such reasons:
- the presence of heart disease;
- stress, fatigue, nervous irritability;
- reception of energy drinks;
- hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy or menopause;
- metabolic disorders;
- Thyroid gland diseases;
- infectious diseases accompanied by fever;
- intense exercise;
- adverse reaction to taking drugs.
Slow heart rate is called bradycardia. In this case, heart rate is reduced to the number of 45-50 beats per minute.
Bradycardia is considered a concomitant symptom, not a disease, and develops as a result of:
- myocardial conduction disorders;
- malfunctioning of the thyroid gland;
- infectious diseases accompanied by severe intoxication of the body;
- fasting with diet;
- taking drugs that inhibit the work of the sinus node;
- advanced age.
Tachycardia is manifested by increased heart rate and is divided into physiological and pathological. The first form occurs under the influence of the following factors:
- pain sensations;
- physical and mental overload;
- taking medication;
- hot weather;
- bad habits;
- the use of coffee and energy.
Physiological tachycardia passes on its own and rarely causes complications. The pathological form is a consequence of various diseases and disruptions in the body:
- coronary heart disease (CHD);
- hypertension (high blood pressure);
- pathology of the nervous system;
- oncological diseases;
- malformations of the heart muscle;
- diseases caused by infections;
- endocrine disruptions;
- anemia (anemia).
In women, the cause of tachycardia may be menorrhagia. It is a violation in the menstrual cycle, which is characterized by large blood loss during menstruation.
In adolescence, the main cause of heart palpitations is a vegetative failure. It develops under the influence of irritating factors (stress, overwork) and hormonal bursts. The problem goes away on its own at the end of the period of sexual development.
Symptoms of a heart failure
Pathological forms of arrhythmia are especially dangerous. They appear quite clearly and often lead to the development of severe complications. In addition to signs of a slowed or accelerated heartbeat, symptoms of the main pathological process may occur.
The following clinical picture is characteristic of tachycardia:
- feeling of heartbeat;
- pain and compression in the chest;
- pressure increase;
- sense of anxiety;
- pulsation of blood vessels in the neck;
- lack of air.
Bradycardia manifests itself in a decrease in heart rate to 40 beats per minute and below with the following symptoms:
- fainting condition;
- blanching of the skin;
- growing weakness
- chest pain;
- convulsive attacks;
- impaired respiratory function.
Physiological arrhythmias do not require a course of therapy. It is enough to avoid the causative factor. Pathological forms are treated by eliminating or stopping the root cause. Regardless of the type of failure, it is recommended to consult a cardiologist to undergo an examination, based on which a diagnosis will be made.
With bradycardia, it is necessary to take medications that stimulate the work of the heart. It is desirable to combine them with folk remedies based on medicinal herbs. You can increase your heart rate during an attack due to light physical exertion, caffeine, Zelenin drops and tablets based on belladonna extract.
Relaxation in a well-ventilated room will help reduce the frequency and intensity of heartbeats. Before this, it is advisable to wash with cold water and remove the tightening area of the neck clothing. Additionally, you can do breathing exercises and take tincture of valerian.
In both cases, dietary correction, exercise and outdoor walks are recommended. If it was not possible to stop the attack and the symptoms increase, then you need to call an ambulance. Arriving specialists need to talk about measures taken to alleviate the condition.
Know the heart rate by age should all people who want to avoid diseases of the cardiovascular system. Deviations from the permissible limits can have a physiological and pathological character. In the first case, treatment is not prescribed. It is enough for the patient to learn about methods of stopping attacks. The course of therapy for pathological malfunction in the heartbeat is aimed at eliminating the causative factor.
With bradycardia, drugs are used that minimize the effect of the vagus nerve on the work of the heart.
The most effective medications:
- Corvalol is a vasodilating sedative in drops, indicated for use in heart disorders.
- Isadrine is an intravenous drug that increases myocardial irritability and contractility.
- Riboxin is an oral pill-based drug that improves coronary circulation and stimulates metabolic processes.
- Papangin – an agent based on potassium and magnesium for intravenous administration, has anti-ischemic activity.
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