Stages of hypertension table and standards

The official widespread version says that the causes of primary hypertension cannot be determined. But physicist Fedorov V.A. and a group of doctors explained the increase in pressure by such factors:

  1. Inadequate kidney performance. The reason for this is an increase in the “slagging” of the body (blood), which the kidneys can no longer cope with, even if everything is normal with them. It arises:
  2. Reduced ability of the kidneys to filter blood. This is not only due to kidney disease. In people older than 40 years, the number of working units of the kidney decreases, and by the age of 70 they remain (in people without kidney disease) only 2/3. The optimal, according to the body, way to maintain blood filtration at the right level is to increase the pressure in the arteries.
  3. Various kidney diseases, including autoimmune nature.
  4. Blood volume rises due to more tissue or water retention in the blood.
  5. The need to increase blood supply to the brain or spinal cord. This can occur both in diseases of these organs of the central nervous system and in the deterioration of their function, which is inevitable with age. The need to increase pressure also appears with atherosclerosis of blood vessels through which blood flows to the brain.
  6. Edema in the thoracic spine caused by a herniated disc, osteochondrosis, and a disc injury. It is here that the nerves that regulate the lumen of arterial vessels pass (they form blood pressure). And if you block their path, commands from the brain will not arrive on time – the coordinated work of the nervous and circulatory system will be disrupted – blood pressure will increase.

Scrupulously studying the mechanisms of the body, Fedorov V.A. with the doctors saw that the vessels cannot feed every cell in the body – after all, not all cells are close to the capillaries. They realized that cell nutrition is possible due to microvibration – a wave-like contraction of muscle cells that make up more than 60% of body weight.

Such peripheral “hearts” described by academician N.I. Arincin provide the movement of substances and the cells themselves in the aqueous medium of the intercellular fluid, making it possible to carry out nutrition, remove substances worked out during the life process, and carry out immune reactions. When microvibration in one or several areas becomes insufficient, a disease occurs.

In their work, muscle cells that create microvibration use the electrolytes available in the body (substances that can conduct electrical impulses: sodium, calcium, potassium, some proteins and organic substances). The balance of these electrolytes is maintained by the kidneys, and when the kidneys become sick or the volume of working tissue decreases with age, microvibration begins to be missed.

Microvibration deficiency can lead to the accumulation of damaged cells and decay products in the kidneys. If you do not remove them from there for a long time, then they are transferred to the connective tissue, that is, the number of working cells is reduced. Accordingly, the productivity of the kidneys decreases, although their structure does not suffer.

The way out of the situation is to report additional microvibration (optimally in combination with thermal exposure) to the kidneys: their nutrition is normalized, and they return the electrolyte balance of the blood to the “initial settings”. Hypertension is therefore permitted. At its initial stage, such treatment is enough to naturally lower blood pressure, without taking additional medications.

Stage Hypertension

In order to choose a treatment for people suffering from hypertension, doctors came up with a classification of hypertension according to stages and degrees. We will present it in the form of tables.

Damage to target organs, which include the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, brain, retina

The heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes, brain are not yet affected

  • According to ultrasound of the heart, either relaxation of the heart is impaired, or the left atrium is enlarged, or the left ventricle is narrower;
  • the kidneys work worse, which is noticeable so far only by analysis of urine and blood creatinine (analysis of renal wastes, it is called “Blood Creatinine”);
  • vision has not become worse, but when examining the fundus, the optometrist already sees a narrowing of the arterial vessels and the expansion of venous vessels.

One of the complications of hypertension has developed:

  • heart failure, manifested either by shortness of breath, or swelling (on the legs or throughout the body), or both of these symptoms;
  • coronary heart disease: or angina pectoris, or myocardial infarction;
  • chronic renal failure;
  • severe damage to the vessels of the retina, due to which vision suffers.

The numbers of blood pressure at any of the stages are above 140/90 mm RT. Art.

Treatment of the initial stage of hypertension is mainly aimed at changing lifestyle: changing eating habits, including mandatory physical activity, physiotherapy in the daily routine. While hypertension of stages 2 and 3 should already be treated with the use of medications. Their dose and, accordingly, side effects can be reduced if you help the body restore blood pressure naturally, for example, by telling him additional microvibration using the Vitafon medical device.

Degrees of hypertension

The degree of development of hypertension indicates how high blood pressure is:

Top pressure, mmHg Art.

Lower pressure, mmHg Art.

The degree is established without taking pressure-reducing drugs. For this, a person who is forced to take drugs that lower blood pressure needs to reduce their dose or completely withdraw.

The degree of hypertension is judged by the figure of the pressure (“upper” or “lower”), which is greater.

Sometimes hypertension of 4 degrees is isolated. It is interpreted as isolated systolic hypertension. In any case, we mean the state when only the upper pressure is increased (above 140 mmHg), the lower one is within the normal range – up to 90 mmHg. This condition is most often recorded in the elderly (associated with a decrease in aortic elasticity). Arising in young, isolated systolic hypertension suggests that you need to examine the thyroid gland: this is how “thyroid” behaves (an increase in the amount of thyroid hormones produced).

Risk identification

There is also a classification of risk groups. The more the number is indicated after the word “risk”, the higher the likelihood that a dangerous disease will develop in the coming years.

There are 4 levels of risk:

  1. At a risk of 1 (low) the likelihood of developing a stroke or heart attack in the next 10 years is less than 15%;
  2. At a risk of 2 (average), this probability in the next 10 years is 15-20%;
  3. With a risk of 3 (high) – 20-30%;
  4. With a risk of 4 (very high) – more than 30%.

More than 1 cigarette per week

Violation of fat metabolism (according to the analysis “Lipidogram”)

Fasting glucose (blood sugar test)

Fasting plasma glucose of 5,6-6,9 mmol / L or 100-125 mg / dL

Glucose 2 hours after taking 75 grams of glucose – less than 7,8 mmol / l or less than 140 mg / dl

Low tolerance (digestibility) of glucose

Fasting plasma glucose less than 7 mmol / L or 126 mg / dL

2 hours after taking 75 grams of glucose, more than 7,8, but less than 11,1 mmol / l (≥140 and lt; 200 mg / dl)

Cardiovascular disease in immediate family

They are taken into account in men under 55 and women under 65

(it is estimated by the Ketle index, I

I = body weight / height in meters * height in meters.

Norm I = 18,5-24,99;

Obesity I = 25-30)

Obesity I degree, where the Ketle index is 30-35; II degree 35-40; III degree of 40 or more.

To assess the risk, the damage to the target organs is also assessed, which is either there or not. The defeat of target organs is evaluated by:

  • hypertrophy (increase) of the left ventricle. It is evaluated by electrocardiogram (ECG) and ultrasound of the heart;
  • kidney damage: for this, the presence of protein in the general analysis of urine is assessed (it should not be normal), as well as blood creatinine (normally it should be less than 110 μmol / l).

The third criterion that is evaluated to determine the risk factor is concomitant diseases:

  1. Diabetes mellitus: it is established if fasting plasma glucose is more than 7 mmol / l (126 mg / dl), and 2 hours after taking 75 g of glucose – more than 11,1 mmol / l (200 mg / dl);
  2. Metabolic syndrome. This diagnosis is established if there are at least 3 of the following criteria, and one of them must be considered body weight:
  • HDL cholesterol less than 1,03 mmol / L (or less than 40 mg / dL);
  • systolic blood pressure over 130 mm Hg. Art. and / or diastolic pressure is greater than or equal to 85 mm Hg. st .;
  • glucose greater than 5,6 mmol / l (100 mg / dl);
  • the waist circumference in men is more than or equal to 94 cm, in women – more than or equal to 80 cm.

These are men and women under 55 years of age who, in addition to increased pressure, have no other risk factors, no damage to target organs, or concomitant diseases

Men over 55 years old, women over 65 years old. There are 1-2 risk factors (including arterial hypertension). No target organ damage

3 or more risk factors, damage to target organs (left ventricular hypertrophy, damage to the kidneys or retina), or diabetes mellitus, or ultrasound, revealed atherosclerotic plaques in any arteries

There is diabetes, angina pectoris, or metabolic syndrome.

There was one of the following:

  • angina pectoris;
  • myocardial infarction was transferred;
  • suffered a stroke or microstroke (when a blood clot blocked the artery of the brain temporarily, and then dissolved or was excreted by the body);
  • heart failure;
  • chronic renal failure;
  • peripheral vascular disease;
  • the retina is affected;
  • an operation was performed that allowed to restore the blood circulation of the heart
  • total cholesterol ≥ 5,2 mmol / l or 200 mg / dl;
  • low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) ≥ 3,36 mmol / l or 130 mg / dl;
  • high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL cholesterol) less than 1,03 mmol / l or 40 mg / dl;
  • triglycerides (TG) gt; 1,7 mmol / L or 150 mg / dl

There is no direct connection between the degree of pressure increase and the risk group, but at a high stage the risk will be high. For example, there may be hypertension of stage 1, stage 2, risk 3 (that is, there is no damage to the target organs, pressure is 160-179 / 100-109 mm Hg, but the probability of a heart attack / stroke is 20-30%), and this risk can be either 1 or 2. But if stage 2 or 3, then the risk cannot be lower than 2.

What is hypertension 2 stage 2 stage 3 risk ?:

  • blood pressure 160-179 / 100-109 mm RT. Art.
  • there are problems with the heart, determined by ultrasound of the heart, or there is a violation of the kidneys (according to analysis), or there is a violation in the fundus, but there is no visual impairment;
  • there may be diabetes mellitus, or atherosclerotic plaques found in some vessel;
  • in 20-30% of cases, a stroke or a heart attack will develop in the next 10 years.

What is hypertension stage 3 stage 2 degree risk 3? Here, in addition to the parameters indicated above, there are also complications of hypertension: angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, chronic heart or kidney failure, retinal vascular damage.

Hypertension 3 degree 3 stage 3 risk 180 – all the same as in the previous case, only numbers of blood pressure more than 110/ mm RT. Art.

What is hypertension stage 2 stage 2 degree risk 4? Blood pressure 160-179 / 100-109 mm RT. Art., target organs are affected, there is diabetes mellitus or metabolic syndrome.

It even happens when with grade 1 hypertension, when the pressure is 140-159 / 85-99 mm RT. Art., there is already stage 3, that is, life-threatening complications (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, heart or kidney failure) have developed, which, together with diabetes mellitus or metabolic syndrome, have led to risk 4.

Hypertension is divided into stages, which differ in blood pressure, symptoms, risk, complications, disability. The classification of the stages of hypertension is as follows:

  • Stage 1 hypertension occurs with rates of 140/90 mm Hg. and higher. These values ​​can be normalized without medication, with the help of rest, lack of stress, nervousness, intense physical exertion.

The disease is asymptomatic. Hypertonic does not notice changes in health. Target organs in the first stage of increasing blood pressure do not suffer. Disturbances of health under the guise of insomnia, heart, headache are rarely noted.

Hypertensive crises can occur against the backdrop of changing weather, after nervousness, stress, shock, physical activity. Treatment consists in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, drug therapy. The prognosis for recovery is favorable.

  • Stage 2 hypertension is characterized by indicators of blood pressure from 140-180 / 90-110 mm Hg. Normalization of pressure is achieved exclusively with medication. Hypertonic complains of heart pain, respiratory failure, sleep disturbance, angina pectoris, dizziness. Affected internal organs: heart, brain, kidneys. In particular, according to the results of the examination, the patient will have hypertrophy of the left ventricle of the myocardium, spasm of the vessels, according to the analyzes – protein in the urine, excess of creatinine level in the blood.

Types of Secondary Hypertension

Secondary arterial hypertension is:

  1. Neurogenic (resulting from a disease of the nervous system). It is divided into:
    • centrifugal – it occurs due to disturbances in the work or structure of the brain;
    • reflexogenic (reflex): in a specific situation or with constant irritation of the organs of the peripheral nervous system.
  2. Hormonal (endocrine).
  3. Hypoxic – occurring when organs such as the spinal cord or brain suffer from a lack of oxygen.
  4. Renal hypertension, it also has its division into:
    • Renovascular, when the arteries narrowing, bringing blood to the kidneys;
    • renoparenchymal, associated with damage to the kidney tissue, because of which the body needs to increase pressure.
  5. Hemic (due to blood diseases).
  6. Hemodynamic (due to a change in the “route” of blood movement).
  7. Medicinal
  8. Caused by alcohol.
  9. Mixed hypertension (when it was caused by several reasons).

Let’s tell a little more.

The main command to large vessels, forcing them to contract, increasing blood pressure, or relaxing, lowering it, comes from the vasomotor center, which is located in the brain. If his work is disrupted, centrogenic hypertension develops. This can happen due to:

  1. Neurosis, that is, diseases when the structure of the brain does not suffer, but under the influence of stress, a focus of excitation is formed in the brain. He uses the main structures, “including” an increase in pressure;
  2. Brain lesions: injuries (concussions, bruises), brain tumors, stroke, inflammation of the brain area (encephalitis). To increase blood pressure should be:
  • or damaged structures that directly affect blood pressure (vasomotor center in the medulla oblongata or the nuclei of the hypothalamus or the reticular formation associated with it);
  • or extensive brain damage occurs with an increase in intracranial pressure, when in order to ensure blood supply to this vital organ, the body will need to increase blood pressure.

Reflex hypertension also refers to neurogenic. They can be:

  • conditioned reflex, when at the beginning there is a combination of some event with taking a medicine or a drink that increases pressure (for example, if a person drinks strong coffee before an important meeting). After many repetitions, the pressure begins to increase only at the very thought of a meeting, without taking coffee;
  • unconditionally reflex, when the pressure rises after the termination of the constant impulses that go to the brain for a long time from inflamed or pinched nerves (for example, if a tumor was removed that pressed on the sciatic or any other nerve).

Stages of hypertension: degrees and risks

There is also a classification of risk groups. The more the number is indicated after the word “risk”, the higher the likelihood that a dangerous disease will develop in the coming years.

There are 4 levels of risk:

  1. At a risk of 1 (low) the likelihood of developing a stroke or heart attack in the next 10 years is less than 15%;
  2. At a risk of 2 (average), this probability in the next 10 years is 15-20%;
  3. With a risk of 3 (high) – 20-30%;
  4. With a risk of 4 (very high) – more than 30%.

More than 1 cigarette per week

Violation of fat metabolism (according to the analysis “Lipidogram”)

Fasting glucose (blood sugar test)

Fasting plasma glucose of 5,6-6,9 mmol / L or 100-125 mg / dL

Glucose 2 hours after taking 75 grams of glucose – less than 7,8 mmol / l or less than 140 mg / dl

Low tolerance (digestibility) of glucose

Fasting plasma glucose less than 7 mmol / L or 126 mg / dL

2 hours after taking 75 grams of glucose, more than 7,8, but less than 11,1 mmol / l (≥140 and lt; 200 mg / dl)

Cardiovascular disease in immediate family

They are taken into account in men under 55 and women under 65

(it is estimated by the Ketle index, I

I = body weight / height in meters * height in meters.

Norm I = 18,5-24,99;

Obesity I = 25-30)

Obesity I degree, where the Ketle index is 30-35; II degree 35-40; III degree of 40 or more.

To assess the risk, the damage to the target organs is also assessed, which is either there or not. The defeat of target organs is evaluated by:

  • hypertrophy (increase) of the left ventricle. It is evaluated by electrocardiogram (ECG) and ultrasound of the heart;
  • kidney damage: for this, the presence of protein in the general analysis of urine is assessed (it should not be normal), as well as blood creatinine (normally it should be less than 110 μmol / l).

The third criterion that is evaluated to determine the risk factor is concomitant diseases:

  1. Diabetes mellitus: it is established if fasting plasma glucose is more than 7 mmol / l (126 mg / dl), and 2 hours after taking 75 g of glucose – more than 11,1 mmol / l (200 mg / dl);
  2. Metabolic syndrome. This diagnosis is established if there are at least 3 of the following criteria, and one of them must be considered body weight:
  • HDL cholesterol less than 1,03 mmol / L (or less than 40 mg / dL);
  • systolic blood pressure over 130 mm Hg. Art. and / or diastolic pressure is greater than or equal to 85 mm Hg. st .;
  • glucose greater than 5,6 mmol / l (100 mg / dl);
  • the waist circumference in men is more than or equal to 94 cm, in women – more than or equal to 80 cm.
  • total cholesterol ≥ 5,2 mmol / l or 200 mg / dl;
  • low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) ≥ 3,36 mmol / l or 130 mg / dl;
  • high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL cholesterol) less than 1,03 mmol / l or 40 mg / dl;
  • triglycerides (TG) gt; 1,7 mmol / L or 150 mg / dl

These are men and women under 55 years of age who, in addition to increased pressure, have no other risk factors, no damage to target organs, or concomitant diseases

Men over 55 years old, women over 65 years old. There are 1-2 risk factors (including arterial hypertension). No target organ damage

3 or more risk factors, damage to target organs (left ventricular hypertrophy, damage to the kidneys or retina), or diabetes mellitus, or ultrasound, revealed atherosclerotic plaques in any arteries

There is diabetes, angina pectoris, or metabolic syndrome.

There was one of the following:

  • angina pectoris;
  • myocardial infarction was transferred;
  • suffered a stroke or microstroke (when a blood clot blocked the artery of the brain temporarily, and then dissolved or was excreted by the body);
  • heart failure;
  • chronic renal failure;
  • peripheral vascular disease;
  • the retina is affected;
  • an operation was performed that allowed to restore the blood circulation of the heart

Hypertonic in his diagnosis sees not only the disease, but also the degree of risk. What is the risk of hypertension? By risk, we need to understand the percentage of the likelihood of developing a stroke, heart attack, other pathologies against a background of hypertension. Classification of hypertension by degree of risk:

  • Low risk 1 is 15% of the fact that in the next 10 years hypertension will develop a heart attack, cerebral stroke;
  • Medium risk 2 implies a 20% chance of complications;
  • High risk 3 is 30%;
  • A very high risk of 4 increases the likelihood of complications of well-being by 30-40% or more.

There are 3 main criteria for the stratification of danger for patients with hypertension: risk factors, the degree of damage to target organs (occurs with stage 2 hypertension), additional pathological clinical conditions (diagnosed in 3 stages of the disease).

Consider the main criteria, risk factors:

  • Basic: women, men over 55 years old, smokers;
  • Dyslipidemia: total cholesterol more than 250 mgdl, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HLDPL) more than 155 mg / dl; HLDPVP (high density) more than 40 mg / dl;
  • History of hereditary (hypertension in relatives in a straight line);
  • The C-reactive protein index is more than 1 mg / dl;
  • Abdominal obesity – a condition when the waist circumference of women exceeds 88 cm, men – 102 cm;
  • Hypodynamia;
  • Impaired glucose tolerance;
  • Excess of febrinogen in the blood;
  • Diabetes.

At the second stage of the disease, damage to the internal organs begins (under the influence of increased blood flow, spasm of blood vessels, oxygen and nutrient deficiency), the functioning of the internal organs is disrupted. The clinical picture of stage 2 hypertension is as follows:

  • Trophic changes in the left ventricle of the heart (ECG study);
  • Thickening of the upper layer of the carotid artery;
  • The formation of atherosclerotic plaques;
  • Increased serum creatinine levels above 1,5 mg / dl;
  • The pathological ratio of albumin and creatinine in the urine.

The last 2 indicators indicate kidney damage.

Under concomitant clinical conditions (in determining the threat of hypertension) understand:

  • Heart disease;
  • Pathology of the kidneys;
  • Physiological blow to coronary arteries, veins, vessels;
  • Inflammation of the optic nerve, bruising.

Risk 1 is established for elderly patients over 55 years old without concomitant aggravating pathologies. Risk 2 is prescribed in the diagnosis of hypertension with the presence of several factors described above. Risk 3 aggravates the disease of patients with diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, left stomach hypertrophy, renal failure, and damage to the organs of vision.

In conclusion, we recall that arterial hypertension is considered an insidious, dangerous disease due to the absence of primary symptoms. The clinic of pathologies is most often benign. But, this does not mean that the disease will not go from the first stage (with blood pressure 140/90) to the second (blood pressure 160/100 and above). If the 1st stage is stopped by medicines, the 2nd brings the patient closer to disability, and the 3rd – to lifelong disability.

High blood pressure with its complications significantly affects the mortality rate. Estimates show that up to 25% of deaths in people over 40 are directly or indirectly caused by hypertension. The likelihood of complications is determined by the stage of hypertension.

How many stages does hypertension have, how are they classified? See below.

Important! According to the latest estimates of the World Health Organization from 1993, hypertension in adults is considered a steady increase in blood pressure up to 140/90 mm RT. Art.

According to WHO, according to the etiology, hypertension is classified as primary and secondary.

In primary (essential) hypertension (GB), the main organic cause of the increase in blood pressure (BP) is unknown. A combination of genetic factors, external influences and violations of internal regulatory mechanisms is taken into account.

  • Environment;
  • excessive calorie intake, the development of obesity;
  • increased salt intake;
  • lack of potassium, calcium, magnesium;
  • excessive drinking;
  • repetitive stressful situations.

Primary hypertension is the most common hypertension, in about 95% of cases.

There are 3 stages of hypertension:

  • Stage I – high blood pressure without changes in organs;
  • Stage II – increased blood pressure with changes in organs, but without disturbing their function (left ventricular hypertrophy, proteinuria, angiopathy);
  • Stage III – organ changes accompanied by a violation of their function (left heart failure, hypertensive encephalopathy, stroke, hypertensive retinopathy, renal failure).

Secondary (symptomatic) hypertension is an increase in blood pressure as a symptom of the underlying disease with an identifiable cause. The classification of secondary hypertension is as follows:

  • renoparenchymal hypertension – occurs due to kidney disease; causes: renal parenchymal disease (glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis), tumors, kidney damage;
  • Renovascular hypertension – narrowing of the renal arteries with fibromuscular dysplasia or atherosclerosis, renal vein thrombosis;
  • endocrine hypertension – primary hyperaldosteronism (Conn syndrome), hyperthyroidism, pheochromocytoma, Cushing’s syndrome;
  • hypertension caused by drugs;
  • gestational hypertension – high pressure during pregnancy, after childbirth the condition is often normal;
  • coarctation of the aorta.

Endocrine (hormonal) hypertension

These are secondary hypertension caused by diseases of the endocrine system. They are divided into several types.

In these glands, which lie above the kidneys, a large number of hormones are produced that can affect the tone of blood vessels, the strength or frequency of contractions of the heart. May cause an increase in pressure:

  1. Excessive production of adrenaline and norepinephrine, which is characteristic of such a tumor as pheochromocytoma. Both of these hormones simultaneously increase strength and heart rate, increase vascular tone;
  2. A large amount of the hormone aldosterone, which does not release sodium from the body. This element, appearing in blood in large quantities, “attracts” water from tissues to itself. Accordingly, the amount of blood increases. This happens with a tumor that produces it — malignant or benign, with non-tumor growth of the tissue that produces aldosterone, and also with stimulation of the adrenal glands in severe diseases of the heart, kidneys, and liver.
  3. Increased production of glucocorticoids (cortisone, cortisol, corticosterone), which increase the number of receptors (that is, special molecules on the cell that act as a “lock” that can be opened with a “key”) to adrenaline and norepinephrine (they will be the right “key” for “ castle ”) in the heart and blood vessels. They also stimulate the production of the hormone angiotensinogen by the liver, which plays a key role in the development of hypertension. An increase in the number of glucocorticoids is called Itsenko-Cushing’s syndrome and disease (a disease – when the pituitary gland commands the adrenal glands to produce a large amount of hormones, a syndrome – when the adrenal glands are affected).

It is associated with excessive thyroid production of its hormones – thyroxine and triiodothyronine. This leads to an increase in the heart rate and the amount of blood ejected by the heart in one contraction.

The production of thyroid hormones can increase with autoimmune diseases such as Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, with inflammation of the gland (subacute thyroiditis), and some of its tumors.

This hormone is produced in the hypothalamus. Its second name is vasopressin (in Latin it means “squeezing vessels”), and it acts in this way: binding to receptors on the vessels inside the kidney causes them to narrow, less urine is formed as a result of urine. Accordingly, the volume of fluid in the vessels increases. More blood flows to the heart – it stretches more. This leads to an increase in blood pressure.

Hypertension can also be caused by an increase in the production of active substances in the body that increase vascular tone (these are angiotensins, serotonin, endothelin, cyclic adenosine monophosphate) or a decrease in the number of active substances that should dilate blood vessels (adenosine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, nitric oxide, some prostaglandins).

The extinction of the function of the gonads is often accompanied by a constant increase in blood pressure. The age of entry into menopause in each woman is different (this depends on the genetic characteristics, living conditions and condition of the body), but German doctors have proved that over 38 years old is dangerous for the development of arterial hypertension.

After 38 years, the number of follicles (from which the eggs are formed) begins to decrease not in 1-2 every month, but in dozens. A decrease in the number of follicles leads to a decrease in the production of hormones by the ovaries, as a result of which autonomic (sweating, paroxysmal sensation of heat in the upper body) and vascular (redness of the upper half of the body during a heat attack, increased blood pressure) develop.

They develop with a violation of the delivery of blood to the medulla oblongata, where the vasomotor center is located. This is possible with atherosclerosis or thrombosis of blood vessels that carry blood to it, as well as with blood vessels being squeezed due to edema with osteochondrosis and hernias.

Renal hypertension

It is caused by a deterioration in the blood supply to the kidneys due to narrowing of the arteries that feed the kidneys. They suffer from the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in them, an increase in the muscle layer in them due to a hereditary disease – fibromuscular dysplasia, aneurysm or thrombosis of these arteries, aneurysm of the renal veins.

The disease is based on the activation of the hormonal system, due to which the vessels are spasmodic (compressed), sodium is retained and fluid in the blood is increased, and the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated. The sympathetic nervous system, through its special cells located on the vessels, activates their even greater compression, which leads to an increase in blood pressure.

It accounts for only 2-5% of cases of hypertension. It occurs due to diseases such as:

  • glomerulonephritis;
  • kidney damage in diabetes;
  • one or more cysts in the kidneys;
  • kidney injury;
  • kidney tuberculosis;
  • swelling of the kidneys.

With any of these diseases, the number of nephrons (the main working units of the kidneys through which blood is filtered) decreases. The body tries to correct the situation by increasing the pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the kidneys (the kidneys are an organ for which blood pressure is very important, at a low pressure they stop working).

Such drugs can cause an increase in pressure:

  • vasoconstrictor drops used for the common cold;
  • tableted contraceptives;
  • antidepressants;
  • painkillers;
  • preparations based on hormones-glucocorticoids.

Due to an increase in blood viscosity (for example, with Wakez disease, when the number of all its cells in the blood increases) or an increase in blood volume, blood pressure may increase.

These are called hypertension, which is based on a change in hemodynamics – that is, the movement of blood through the vessels, usually as a result of diseases of large vessels.

The main disease that causes hemodynamic hypertension is aortic coarctation. This is a congenital narrowing of the aortic region in its thoracic (located in the chest cavity) section. As a result, in order to ensure normal blood supply to the vital organs of the chest cavity and cranial cavity, the blood must reach them through rather narrow vessels that are not designed for such a load. If the blood flow is large and the diameter of the vessels is small, the pressure will increase in them, which happens during coarctation of the aorta in the upper half of the body.

The body needs lower limbs less than the organs of the indicated cavities, therefore blood already reaches them “not under pressure”. Therefore, the legs of such a person are pale, cold, thin (muscles are poorly developed due to insufficient nutrition), and the upper half of the body has an “athletic” look.

It is still unclear to scientists how ethyl alcohol-based drinks cause an increase in blood pressure, but in 5-25% of people who constantly drink alcohol, their blood pressure rises. There are theories suggesting that ethanol can act:

  • through an increase in the activity of the sympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for the narrowing of blood vessels, heart rate;
  • by increasing the production of glucocortico >

With the combination of any provoking factors (for example, kidney disease and taking pain medications), they add up (summation).

The official concept of “juvenile hypertension” does not exist. The increase in blood pressure in children and adolescents is mainly of a secondary nature. The most common causes of this condition are:

  • Congenital malformations of the kidneys.
  • Narrowing the diameter of the renal arteries of a congenital nature.
  • Pyelonephritis.
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • Cyst or polycystic kidney disease.
  • Tuberculosis of the kidneys.
  • Kidney injury.
  • Coarctation of the aorta.
  • Essential hypertension.
  • Wilms tumor (nephroblastoma) is an extremely malignant tumor that develops from the tissues of the kidneys.
  • Lesions of either the pituitary gland or the adrenal gland, resulting in the body becoming a lot of hormones glucocorticoids (syndrome and Itsenko-Cushing’s disease).
  • Arterial or vein thrombosis of the kidneys
  • Narrowing of the diameter (stenosis) of the renal arteries due to a congenital increase in the thickness of the muscle layer of the vessels.
  • Congenital disruption of the adrenal cortex, hypertensive form of this disease.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia – damage to the bronchi and lungs with air blown in by a ventilator, which was connected in order to resuscitate a newborn.
  • Pheochromocytoma.
  • Takayasu’s disease is a lesion of the aorta and large branches extending from it due to an attack on the walls of these vessels by its own immunity.
  • Periarteritis nodosa is an inflammation of the walls of small and medium arteries, as a result of which saccular protrusions, aneurysms, form on them.

Pulmonary hypertension is not a type of arterial hypertension. This is a life-threatening condition in which pressure in the pulmonary artery rises. So called 2 vessels into which the pulmonary trunk is divided (a vessel emanating from the right ventricle of the heart). The right pulmonary artery carries oxygen-poor blood to the right lung, and the left to the left.

Pulmonary hypertension develops most often in women 30–40 years old and, gradually progressing, is a life-threatening condition, leading to disruption of the right ventricle and premature death. It arises due to hereditary reasons, and due to diseases of the connective tissue, and heart defects. In some cases, its cause cannot be determined. Manifested by shortness of breath, fainting, fatigue, dry cough. In severe stages, the heart rhythm is disturbed, hemoptysis appears.

Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.

Detonic for pressure normalization

The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.

Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.

Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page www.detonicnd.com.

Perhaps you want to know about the new medication - Cardiol, which perfectly normalizes blood pressure. Cardiol capsules are an excellent tool for the prevention of many heart diseases, because they contain unique components. This drug is superior in its therapeutic properties to such drugs: Cardiline, Recardio, Detonic. If you want to know detailed information about Cardiol, go to the manufacturer’s website.There you will find answers to questions related to the use of this drug, customer reviews and doctors. You can also find out the Cardiol capsules in your country and the delivery conditions. Some people manage to get a 50% discount on the purchase of this drug (how to do this and buy pills for the treatment of hypertension for 39 euros is written on the official website of the manufacturer.)Cardiol capsules for heart
Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

Detonic