How to treat conjunctivitis

konyuktivit - 3Treatment for conjunctivitis depends on the nature of the disease. If the allergic type is eliminated by lotions and removal of the irritant, then infectious conjunctivitis may have an epidemiological character and needs complex treatment.

When the cause of the disease is established correctly, the treatment itself can be carried out at home, using proven grandmother’s methods.

How to treat allergic conjunctivitis

Recognizing allergic conjunctivitis is not difficult. Severe itching, burning, redness of the eyelids is noted on both eyelids, and the discharge at the first stage is transparent, mucous.

Treatment of conjunctivitis of an allergic nature is carried out in three directions: elimination of the cause, removal of the inflammatory process and increase in immune defense.

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Determination of the allergen and isolation of the patient from it

In the case of plant pollen during seasonal hay fever, it is necessary to reduce the time spent on the face, and after returning home, wash your face and eyes every time. Do not allow allergens to enter the room; you need to spray mosquito nets so that the pollen settles on it.

When the cause of conjunctivitis is the fur of pets, the latter will have to change their place of residence.

A common type of allergic conjunctivitis is medicinal. In this case, it is necessary to stop taking medications. Lenses can also cause itching and burning. Most likely, the lens treatment fluid was the allergen, you need to change the manufacturer.

Removal of inflammation

During conjunctivitis, the eyelids are inflamed, follicles often appear. You can use pharmacy eye drops.

Depending on the extent of damage and symptoms, drops of a different spectrum of action are used:

  • to restore the cell membrane (Lekrolin, Zatiten),
  • antiallergic eye drops (Visin Allerdzhi, Allergodil),
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that can also be used by children, but not younger than 2 years old (Alomid, Lekrolin, KromoHeksal),
  • moisturizing drops or tear substitutes (Oftogel, Quinax, Defislez),
  • with complicated forms of the disease, hormonal corticosteroid agents are used.

You can relieve inflammation and lotions. A 1:10 solution of aloe juice and water, a decoction of chamomile, a decoction of oak bark is suitable. The express method is wet black tea bags.

Immunotherapy

With constant relapses of allergic conjunctivitis, attention is drawn to the immune system. Specific immunotherapy is carried out only as directed by allergists and its results are visible after several courses, the duration of each is 3 months.

In addition to local treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, antihistamines are taken in the form of tablets.

The mechanical type has a similar nature to allergic conjunctivitis. Occurs when dust, chips or other particles come into contact with mucous membranes. The first thing to do is to remove the irritant. Then you can make lotions with chamomile or calendula to relieve swelling and redness.

How to treat conjunctivitis in adults of an infectious nature

Before treating conjunctivitis in adults, it is necessary to determine whether it is infectious viral or infectious bacterial. The symptomatology is similar – burning and itching, inflammation of the eyelid, purulent discharge and sourness of the eye.

Viral type treatment

The method of combating an infectious viral disease of the eye is washing and lotions. In this case, antibiotics and other means are powerless, the disease will go away on its own within a week, and your task is to alleviate the general condition and prevent the spread of the disease.

You can rinse with boiled water, furacilin solution. Among the popular recipes, the most popular is an infusion of 2 tablespoons per half liter of eyebright water; plantain juice is also used.

Bacterial conjunctivitis treatment

The disease in this case is caused by microorganisms, so the main treatment is to use antibacterial agents. First, the eye is washed using furacilin solution, boric acid solution, potassium permanganate.

Then it’s up to antibiotics. The most affordable is tetracycline ophthalmic, chloramphenicol, erythromycin ointments. Antibiotics are also used in the form of eye instillation solutions (penicillin, ampicillin, chloramphenicol).

Proven alternative methods of how to treat conjunctivitis at home are Kalanchoe juice with water and a decoction of celandine with a spoonful of honey for lotions.

How to treat conjunctivitis in a child

The most common type of conjunctivitis in children is infectious bacterial.

Already during childbirth, a baby can become infected with pathogens from a mother who has genital infections. That is why, on the list of mandatory drugs, eye drops, such as Albucid, are delivered to the hospital.

A baby can bring bacteria to the eyelids both by playing in the sandbox and by swimming in the river. Of course, it is better to prevent the disease and teach your child to always wash his hands with soap and not rub his eyes. But how to treat conjunctivitis in a child if the disease is already progressing?

It is worth starting with rinsing. For babies, decoctions of traditional medicinal herbs chamomile and calendula are suitable. You need to wipe the eyes from the outer corner to the inner one, it is better to use a sterile bandage. Older toddlers can wipe their eyes with a decoction of oak bark or tea leaves.

Furacilin or boric acid solutions can be alternated with herbal lotions.

It will perfectly restore vision and have a good effect on the mucous membranes of the eyes. You can give your child blueberry tea.

How to treat conjunctivitis at home

Conjunctivitis is not a simple disease and has several types. The use of folk remedies for treatment is only welcome, but self-medication is not at all. Only a specialist can determine what type of disease you have that caused the swelling or souring.

It is the exact diagnosis that is the starting point when choosing the direction of treatment and a set of drugs.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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