All About Vegetative Vascular Dystonia Causes Symptoms Diagnosis And Treatment

The exact causes of the development of vegetative-vascular dystonia are unknown, but there are a number of factors that can predispose the occurrence of this pathology.

These conditions include:

  • past diseases of the central nervous system;
  • frequent infectious diseases;
  • weak immunity;
  • neuroses;
  • chronic stress;
  • excessive physical exertion;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • excess weight;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system – ischemia, atherosclerosis.

There are also other common causes of the development of pathology, these include:

  • hormonal disorders and malfunctions caused by puberty, pregnancy in women;
  • frequent and prolonged mental and physical stress;
  • change of climatic conditions, for example, moving to another country with a different climate;
  • diseases of the endocrine system – diabetes, hypo or hyperthyro >

A number of factors are considered to provoke vegetative-vascular dystonia. The causes of its occurrence are divided into internal (physiological) and external (psychological) factors.

  • Cardiovascular diseases.
  • Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy or puberty.
  • Genetic predisposition. There are a number of genetic pathologies that affect the energy processes in the mitochondria of cells. They can provoke the occurrence of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
  • The presence of occupational diseases increases the risk of vegetative-vascular dystonia several times. The cure of occupational disease does not guarantee the disappearance of dystonia.
  • Allergy. People with signs of allergic reactions often have signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
  • Alcohol abuse and smoking. Among this category of people, vegetative-vascular dystonia occurs in 90% of cases. Before starting treatment for dystonia, it is necessary to completely get rid of such bad habits, otherwise the treatment will not be effective.
  • Chronic stress Overwork, lack of sleep – these factors can also be attributed to stressful

In today’s world it is impossible to do without stress. Stressful situations surround us everywhere – at work, at home, in transport, in the store. Not a day goes by that most of us are not stressed. If stress lasts a short time, then it is even beneficial for the body, since the work of some systems, including nervous system, is activated, some hormones, neurotransmitters are released that positively affect the state of the body. But with prolonged, chronic stress, compensatory mechanisms are depleted, after a positive surge, inhibition of the work of systems follows.

  • Low or medium social status

Such people often suffer from the “workaholic syndrome”, in the desire to earn more, to climb the career or social ladder, take on overwhelming tasks, not coping with which they are disappointed, which entails a stressful reaction.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia in children – the main reason is overstated requirements for the child, constant dissatisfaction with him, high loads in school, lack of adequate rest. Children’s psyche is very susceptible to stressful influences. After several months of such stressful effects, signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia appear.

  • Frequent change of climatic zones

With constant flights, living in different time and climatic zones, a large load on the autonomic nervous system arises, since the body has to adapt to the new environment all the time.

Often, vegetovascular dystonia in children occurs at the time of increased activity of the endocrine system, that is, at the age of 10 years and older. It is for this reason that teenagers are sick most often.

At this age, the active work of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands begins, as a result of which hormones are released in large numbers, which affect the emotional state of the child and the work of internal organs. This condition of the child is called transitional age, that is, the child becomes naughty, and his mood often changes. But VSD does not always occur in adolescents at the time of puberty.

There are a number of main factors that can cause vegetative-vascular dystonia in children:

  • Heredity. If such a pathology was with the parents, then it can pass to the child by inheritance.
  • Overloads of a mental and physical nature. With severe overloads and an increase in the work of the endocrine system, the body needs a large amount of vitamins and nutrients, if there are few of them, the pathology begins to develop.
  • Lack of oxygen in the body – hypoxia. Rare walks in the open air, active or passive smoking, pathologies of the upper respiratory tract and impaired posture lead to hypoxia.
  • Severe illness. They greatly weaken the work of all organs.
  • Stress.
  • Pathologies developing in the nervous system.
  • Gastrointestinal diseases. The assimilation of food is disrupted and an insufficient amount of useful substances enters the body, as a result, the body’s work is disrupted.

VVD in infants can occur for other reasons:

  • severe pregnancy;
  • head injuries that were received at the time of delivery;
  • viral infections;
  • poor feeding;
  • dysbiosis.

Vegetovascular dystonia in adolescents and children can occur for various reasons, the main thing is to notice the symptoms in time and consult a doctor in a timely manner.

There are a large number of reasons for vegetovascular dystonia, but all of them are divided into 2 main groups – primary, which most often lie in heredity and secondary, which provoke dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, which already has any deviations. Consider the main causes of the IRR:

  • Damage to the central nervous system (CNS) of the fetus in the last months of pregnancy, during childbirth and the first days after its birth. Most often this contributes to the use by a pregnant woman of alcoholic beverages, various medications without consulting a doctor, smoking, stress, damage to the hypotolamus during childbirth. These situations lead in the future to an inadequate reaction of the child to a particular stressful situation, neurosis, emotional imbalance, etc.
  • Unfavorable environment for the child’s stay / residence – family quarrels, the presence of alcohol-dependent people in the family, divorces, excessive custody of the child, conflicts at school, mental stress, stress, emotional overload.
  • Heredity, which is transmitted most often to the child from the mother.
  • Various kinds of chronic diseases – somatic, allergic, as well as nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, digestive and other systems, constitutional abnormalities (diathesis);
  • A sharp change in climate or living environment;
  • Adverse environmental conditions in the living environment
  • Lack of vitamins and minerals in the body (hypovitaminosis), which is most often caused by malnutrition;
  • Physical, emotional and mental strain, stress;
  • Neurosis, hysteria;
  • Depression
  • Hormonal restructuring of the body – puberty in boys and girls, the onset of menstruation, PMS, menopause;
  • Inability to verbally express one’s emotional experiences (alexithymia);
  • Bad habits – alcohol abuse, smoking, drugs;
  • Violation of the structure of the spine (trauma, osteochondrosis);
  • Sleep disorder (insomnia or increased drowsiness);
  • Poisoning (intoxication);
  • Disorders of brain metabolism.

Hereditary predisposition. If one of the parents suffers from VVD, it is highly likely that the child will inherit this disorder.

Temporary hormonal disruptions or diseases of the endocrine system. Hormones are involved in the regulation of the functions of the nervous system, and any changes in hormonal balance can lead to VVD. This explains why vegetovascular dystonia often makes its debut during puberty, during pregnancy or after childbirth, with menopause – a natural hormonal rearrangement provokes this violation.

Excessive stress. This can be both mental and physical overstrain, which depletes the nervous system, including the vegetative section.

Unhealthy Lifestyle. This can include bad habits (alcoholism, smoking), lack of a normal regime of work and rest, an unbalanced diet, sedentary work that is not compensated by physical activity, etc. Such circumstances force the autonomic nervous system to work “for wear and tear”, since it constantly has to maintain normal body functions against unfavorable conditions.

Chronic diseases Any diseases with a long course can lead to a dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system.

The presence of any of the above circumstances does not mean that the IRR will necessarily develop. Often a provocative factor is required, which plays the role of a trigger. So, the likelihood of vegetative-vascular dystonia increases sharply with a sharp change in the climatic zone, after experienced acute stress, with an increase in body weight.


Due to the fact that the diagnosis of VVD was made only by Soviet doctors, no international classification of this condition was developed. Therefore, the following factors are taken into account when diagnosing VVD:

  • Etiology;
  • Localization of autonomic dysfunction – generalized, systemic or local;
  • The disorder is vagotonic, sympathicotonic, and mixed;
  • The organs and systems involved in the pathological process;
  • The severity of the VSD is mild, moderate and severe;
  • The course is latent, permanent, paroxysmal.

All the characteristic symptoms for vegetative-vascular dystonia are associated primarily with pathological changes in the vessels. It is on the tone in which they are located, and the classification of the disease in question will depend.

  1. Hypertonic type. This type is characterized by high vascular tone, high blood pressure, and patients complain of heart palpitations, hot flashes, headaches and fatigue.
  2. Hypotonic type. In this case, manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia will be associated with a low vascular tone – low blood pressure is diagnosed in patients. Hypotonic type vegetative-vascular dystonia is characterized by general weakness, darkening in the eyes, fainting, sudden changes in blood pressure, lower / upper limbs are almost always cold.
  3. Mixed type. Such a development of the disease in question is characterized by instability, variability of vascular tone. And the blood pressure readings will not have a clear sign – they either become too high, then suddenly decrease to a possible minimum. Doctors say that if a patient is diagnosed with a mixed type of VVD, then you need to be prepared for the onset of symptoms characteristic of both the hypotonic type of the disease and hypertension.
  4. Cardiac type. This type of the disease in question can be diagnosed in patients who complain of severe pain in the heart. They do not have any particular character, they can be aching and pulsating, often there is a feeling of disturbances in the heartbeat. Moreover, such periodically occurring pain in the region of the heart does not worsen the general state of human health, and a full examination excludes the development of heart pathology.
  5. Vagotonic type. It is always accompanied by disturbances in the respiratory system. Against the background of difficulty breathing, the inability to take a full breath, the patient begins to lower blood pressure.

In modern medicine, disorders of the autonomic nervous system are usually classified according to how this condition affects the heart and blood vessels, what type of autonomic disorders prevails, and how pronounced the manifestations of VVD are.

According to the effect on the cardiovascular system, several main types of VSD are distinguished:

  • Hypertonic type. This type of VSD is characterized by episodes of increased blood pressure (systolic up to 140 mmHg), which after a short period of time is normalized independently. The patient also complains of frequent bouts of headache, fatigue, and palpitations.
  • Hypotonic type. Blood pressure is constantly lowered, or episodes of lowering blood pressure are observed. Fatigue, headache, muscle aches are also present.
  • Cardiac type. The patient is disturbed by disturbances in the heart: a sharp acceleration or slowing of the heartbeat, pain behind the sternum, dyspnea attacks – inability to take a deep or full breath and a feeling of lack of air.
  • Mixed type. With this type of VSD, blood pressure drops from high to low, and other symptoms can be combined in various combinations.

By the way the functions of the vegetative system are violated, these types of VSD are distinguished:

  • Vagotonic type. This type of VSD is characterized by increased sweating, not associated with physical exertion or high ambient temperature, “marble” skin, dizziness, tendency to swelling, weight gain, heart pain, severe headache, shortness of breath. In infectious diseases, including acute respiratory viral infections, the body temperature rises slightly, but remains elevated even after some time after the remaining symptoms of the disease have disappeared.
  • Sympathicotonic type. With VVD of this type, the skin is dry and pale, sweat secretion is reduced. There are episodes of an increase in body temperature to high values ​​(up to 39,5 ° C) with stress, acute respiratory viral infections, and emotional stress. Body weight is usually low. Patients complain of dull, unsharp headaches, increased blood pressure, heart palpitations.

According to the severity of the IRR can be:

  • Easy degree. Regardless of the type of VSD, the symptoms are not pronounced, the periods of exacerbation are short, and the remission is long. Exacerbation occurs only after episodes of increased emotional and / or physical exertion. The quality of life of the patient is not impaired.
  • Medium degree. Exacerbation periods are quite long, up to several weeks or even months. Manifestations of VVD are pronounced; during an exacerbation in a patient, disability significantly decreases, up to its complete loss during vascular crises.
  • Severe degree. With such a course, the VVD imposes serious restrictions on the daily life of a person, since the symptoms are present almost constantly, then manifesting itself more pronouncedly, then slightly decreasing. During periods of the most pronounced manifestations of VVD, hospitalization and hospital treatment are often required due to persistent cardiac dysfunctions and instability of blood pressure.

Course of the disease

In most cases, without provoking factors, the disease has a latent (asymptomatic) character. However, under the influence of adverse conditions and overloads, manifestations of crises are not uncommon. Such crises sometimes have a sudden nature and are accompanied by symptoms characteristic of many diseases: pallor, severe sweating, decreased blood pressure, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and a decrease in body temperature.

A critical surge in the activity of the disease is more difficult in older people, especially those who suffer from concomitant diseases. In many cases, the crisis is the result of long accumulated components, and therefore, cases of the manifestation of a large number of symptoms at the same time are frequent.

In neurology, several types of nervous system dysfunction are distinguished, depending on which the clinical symptoms of the VSD will be different, more about this is presented in the table.

A typeClinical manifestationsWhat drugs are prescribed
hypertensiveIt is accompanied by an increase in blood pressure, tachycardia, headachesBlood Pressure Reducing Drugs
hypotonicAccompanied by a decrease in blood pressure, weakness, shortness of breathBlood pressure boosting drugs, heart drops, sweet coffee or tea
abdominalNausea, pain in the stomach, diarrhea, pain along the intestinesDrugs for nausea, enzymes, diarrhea tablets, enveloping agents
cardialgicPain behind the sternum, heart palpitations, heart rhythm disturbances, numbness of the limbsCorvalol, Validol, Valerian, Valocordin
respiratoryFever, muscle aches, headaches, nasal congestion, flu-like conditionAnalgesics, antipyretic drugs. Warm tea
asthenicTremor of the extremities, weakness, constant feeling of tiredness, cold sweat, decreased performanceTincture of lemongrass, tincture of ginseng, Glycine, sweet tea or coffee
mixedAny of the above symptomsTreatment is selected depending on the symptoms

The clinical symptomatology of the pathological hypertonic type resembles the manifestation of a hypertensive crisis. Against the background of a completely safe condition, the patient suddenly begins to experience headaches, darkens in his eyes, nausea rolls up, and sometimes vomiting occurs.

If at this moment blood pressure is measured, then its indicators will be higher than normal, but not more than 140/90 mm Hg. – This is one of the main distinguishing features of the IRR in hypertonic type from true hypertension.

The treatment of this type of pathology is different from the treatment of hypertensive crisis, since the pressure rises temporarily and the patient needs only to calm down, pull himself together, drink warm tea and take sedatives. As a rule, no special medication is required.

Like neurocirculatory dystonia of a hypertonic type, an attack of this type occurs suddenly. Usually it develops against the background of stress, lack of sleep, and being in a stuffy room.

The clinical symptoms are as follows:

  • the patient feels a lack of oxygen and begins to frantically swallow the air in his mouth;
  • ringing in the ears, stuffy ears;
  • cardiopalmus;
  • protrusion of a cold sweat;
  • dizziness;
  • lump in throat.

Treatment of VVD according to the hypotonic type consists in drinking sweet hot tea, taking heart drops – Corvalol, Valocordin, Corvalment in tablets, Validol under the tongue.

The mixed-type VVD is characterized by the instability of blood pressure figures, its oscillation is either up or down.

Most often, the following symptoms develop:

  • pain in the left half of the chest or behind the sternum;
  • increase / decrease in heart rate;
  • bouts of weakness and dizziness.

Abdominal-type VSD is most common in women and adolescents. The clinical picture resembles food poisoning, however, the symptoms are not associated with the consumption of any low-quality foods.

Symptoms of this type of pathology occur suddenly and are accompanied by the following:

  • cutting pain along the intestines;
  • severe nausea and vomiting;
  • weakness;
  • cardiopalmus;
  • severe diarrhea;
  • darkening of the eyes;
  • dyspnea.

Another common type of dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system is cardialgic. It is accompanied by acute burning or pressing pains in the projection of the heart and often mimic angina attacks. Unlike the latter, heart pain with VVD is not associated with physical or psycho-emotional stress and quickly disappear on their own, without the use of medications.

Pain in the heart in young people more often indicates vegetovascular dystonia than ischemic heart disease. Often, patients with cardiac-type VSD also complain of interruptions in the work of the heart, increased heart rate.

Symptoms depending on the type of VSD

Type VSDCharacteristic features
VVD by hypotonic typeLowering blood pressure. General weakness. Pallor of the skin. Violation of respiratory activity – patients cannot take a full breath. Nausea and / or heartburn. Stool disorders – diarrhea or constipation.
Hypertensive-type VSDNausea and vomiting are noted, regardless of the meal. Decreased appetite, up to a complete loss of interest in food. Intermittent headaches of a non-intense nature. Sweating is increased, in the period of exacerbation of the VSD, it is the palms that sweat strongly. There is a sense of fear that defies logical explanation. “Flies” periodically appear before the eyes.
Mixed type IRRArrhythmia, tachycardia. An attack of fear of near death due to problems in the heartbeat. Violation of respiratory activity – the patient does not have enough air. Pain with localization in the heart. Pre-fainting conditions – sudden dizziness, darkening in the eyes. Increased sweating of the lower / upper extremities.
VVD on vagotonic typeSlow heartbeat. Salivation increased. Violations of the gastrointestinal tract. Lowering blood pressure. Difficulty breathing.
Cardiac-type VSDCardiopalmus. Periodically appearing pains in the region of the heart of a variable nature. Arrhythmia. Slow heartbeat. Increased sweating.

Panic attack is another syndrome that will be a characteristic symptom of a manifestation of vegetative-vascular dystonia. A person experiences a strong fright, a feeling of approaching anxiety, a wave of fear covers him. At the same time, the body sends signals of danger, but it does not provide options for solving the problem. Therefore, the patient experiences a great fear of death, he thinks – his heart stops, his breath catches. It is noteworthy that literally in 10-15 minutes a panic attack against the background of the IRR passes, the person’s condition is normal.

Causes of the disease in children

Statistics say that every third inhabitant of our planet under the age of 18 at least once experienced signs of a violation of the autonomous innervation of internal organs. Most often, children encounter VVD during puberty, when a powerful hormonal restructuring of the body occurs.

VSD is often diagnosed in adolescents

Symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia in adolescents are also very diverse. Most often, patients complain of:

  • gastrointestinal tract disorders – stool disorders (tendency to constipation or diarrhea), slight nausea;
  • various disorders of urination;
  • instability of heart rate and blood pressure;
  • discomfort (“heart pounding loudly in the chest”, “somersaults”), cardiac pain;
  • dizziness, headaches, darkening in the eyes.

When a child begins to manifest symptoms of vegetovascular dystonia, do not attribute them to age or nervous strain. They can signal the development of any pathology. It is for this reason that it is required to undergo a full examination, and not begin to conduct independent treatment. In this case, it is not recommended to use any drugs from the home medicine cabinet, since they can not always be used in children.

All medicines have contraindications, especially if they are designed to restore the functioning of the heart and blood vessels in children. Prescribe drugs should only be a doctor after making an accurate diagnosis.

If the IRR is accompanied by an increase or decrease in pressure, then over time, hypertensive heart disease, ischemia and other cardiac abnormalities may begin to develop.

Attack VVD

VSD attacks can be represented by sympathoadrenal crises, because they are caused by a sharp release of a large amount of adrenaline into the systemic circulation. The attack of the IRR begins abruptly, suddenly. A person suddenly has a heartbeat, blood pressure rises, his skin turns pale, his body temperature rises and chills develop.

In addition, an attack of the IRR can occur in the form of a vaginal crisis. It is characterized by the appearance of a sharp fainting, which is preceded by short-term pre-fainting phenomena (for example, darkening in the eyes, noise in the head, sharp weakness, a sense of unreality of what is happening). Also, during an attack, a person may experience a sharp and severe abdominal pain, an imperative desire to empty the intestines, increased motility of the digestive tract, decreased pressure, bradycardia, increased sweating, as well as a feeling of fever, nausea, longing and severe fear.

In rare cases, mixed episodes of VVD are recorded, which have polymorphic symptoms characteristic of both the vagoinsular and sympathoadrenal forms of the crisis. Most often, with a mixed attack, a person suddenly has shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain, suffocation, dizziness, unsteady gait, a sense of unreality of what is happening, as well as a pronounced fear of death and madness.


Despite the mass of unpleasant manifestations and symptoms of this disease, the prognosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia is positive, and the consequences when observing the correct regime of the day, alternating wakefulness and rest, refusing addictions, and taking the right medications prescribed by your doctor are minimal.

In the case of a frivolous attitude to vegetative-vascular dystonia and ignoring adequate treatment, you can encounter a lot of problems. In the first place are disorders of the cardiovascular system: an increase in the borders of the heart, tachyarrhythmia, a persistent increase in blood pressure, which is almost not stopped by medications.

People with this disease should closely monitor their emotions and closely monitor them, since they are more at risk of developing strokes and heart attacks, moreover, at a young age. That is why avoiding conflicts and stressful situations is the main method of preventing the development of these diseases.

In people with vegetative-vascular dystonia, a decrease in immunity and body resistance to infectious diseases is more often observed. And, as we have already found out, bouts of vegetative-vascular dystonia often occur just during colds, when the body is most depleted and weak. In this case, a vicious cycle is observed.

By itself, vegetovascular dystonia does not pose a threat to the patient’s life and, no matter how trite it may sound, no one has died of panic attacks, despite the feeling of fear, pain in the heart and lack of air.

Frequent episodes of VVD lead to the development of neurosis, as the patient is afraid of a recurrence of the situation and any slightest stress makes him extremely vulnerable. Chronic state of nervous breakdown and fear leads to disruption of all organs and systems, primarily cardiovascular and immune. A person develops signs of ischemia of the heart muscle, angina pectoris develops, blood pressure rises, colds often occur.

Treatment: drug and folk

Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia is a rather long and painstaking task. A positive prognosis largely depends on a correct diagnosis and an accurate determination of the cause of the IRR.

The treatment of VSD is carried out comprehensively and includes the following items:

  • Normalization of the regime of the day, sleep, rest;
  • Elimination of physical inactivity using dosed physical activity (exercise therapy);
  • Massage and water treatments;
  • Balneotherapy (treatment with mineral waters);
  • Phototherapy;
  • Limiting the sources of emotional experiences – computer games, television programs;
  • Counseling and family psychological correction;
  • Normalization of nutrition (regular use of vitamin-fortified foods);
  • Electrophoresis;
  • Drug therapy.
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Work / rest mode

The body of each person has its own specific “charge”, which depends on many factors. When the forces end, but the person continues to overload his body with physical or mental work, the body begins to weaken, thereby undergoing various imbalances in the work of various systems. The same thing happens if a person does not allow the body to rest for a sufficient amount of time. Therefore, in order to maintain health, it is very important that a person respects the work / rest regimen. Work in moderation, rest and be sure to get enough sleep.

A sedentary lifestyle leads to a weakening of the muscle tissues of various organs that are least involved in a person’s daily life. In addition, with hypodynamia, the risk of developing various diseases of the cardiovascular system increases. “Movement is life” is a fair statement. The more a person moves, the better the blood “plays”, thereby improving blood circulation, organs receive with the blood the necessary nutrition for their normal functioning in the form of oxygen and various substances.

Physical effects on the body, in particular therapeutic massage and water procedures improve blood circulation, improve the functioning of the lymphatic system, if necessary, restore the structure of the spine (in case of osteochondrosis), and along with the spine the nerve channels with the vessels that pass through it are aligned.

The current number of media, as well as ways to obtain this information from year to year, is only growing. Today, few people will be surprised by a smartphone with the ability to draw information from the Internet, a computer, a laptop, a TV. But the whole problem lies in the quality of the information received. If you make a brief review of at least posters for certain modern computer games, some cartoons, movies, news, you can highlight the big picture – murders, violence, cruelty, lies, wars, occultism, etc.

All this extremely negatively affects the developing psyche of the child, and many people as well. Bad dreams, selfishness, disrespect for other people is just the tip of the iceberg. The basis is emotional instability, imbalance, uncertainty about the future, panic fears.

If you are a parent, and have not yet studied the flow of information that your child eats, just right to start doing it. Protect your child from the negative flow of information from the Internet and other sources. This is a very important point, not only from the point of view of medical VVD, but also as a preventive measure against other complex diseases that usually occur in an adult.

This measure is necessary if there are frequent conflicts in your family, difficulties with raising a child. Remember, quarrels and scandals negatively affect the mental development of the child. Do not allow clarification of relationships with children. Children must grow up in a loving family, where each member respects each other. Thus, a person who will follow your family model is nurtured, and it is better that the family is happy.

For the normal functioning of any organ or system of a person, various vitamins and minerals are necessary. Each vitamin is involved not only in the work of the whole organism, but also in the development of all organs, the regulation of their vital functions.

Some of the vitamins are produced in the required amount by the body itself, but basically, we can get vitamins only from the food that we eat. If a person gets used to eating junk food, sandwiches, chips, beer and other unhealthy foods, he does not receive the necessary amount of vitamins, as

in such foods they simply do not exist. It is tasty, perhaps, but certainly not healthy. Moreover, such junk food is harmful to human health. It is also extremely important to eat at least 3 times a day. Food is a kind of “energy” that is necessary for a person to perform various daily tasks. There is no food, or it is defective, there is no strength for work, and of course, human health.

Give preference to foods rich in vitamins and minerals – vegetables, fruits, herbs, cereals. Try not to fry products, but to steam, or boil. The less you heat-treat foodstuffs, the more vitamins and minerals will remain in them. Beauty and human health in many respects depends on human nutrition.


With vagotonia, electrophoresis with caffeine, calcium, mesatone is prescribed. With sympathicotonia, electrophoresis with magnesium, papaverine, bromine, aminophylline is prescribed.

Drug therapy is usually used in the following cases:

  • Non-drug therapy did not bring the desired result;
  • To stop various kinds of symptoms, which makes it difficult to perform daily tasks;
  • For the treatment of various chronic diseases, which may be factors determining the development of VVD.

Sedatives. They have a beneficial effect on the nervous system, soothe. Among the sedatives are widely used: drugs based on valerian, hawthorn, St. John’s wort, motherwort – Novopassit, Persen, Stressplant, herbal tea with lemon balm.

Tranquilizers (anxiolytic drugs). They are used to relieve attacks of fear, stress, anxiety. Among the tranquilizers can be noted: “Diazepam”, “Relanium”, “Tranxen.”

Antidepressants. They are used to relieve feelings of depression, depression, apathy, anxiety, irritability, emotional overstrain, and also to increase mental activity. In addition, antidepressants are used in cases where a patient with VSD constantly feels aches and pains throughout the body (in the heart, gastrointestinal tract, muscles and joints), which are not amenable to symptomatic treatment. Among the antidepressants can be distinguished: “Amitriptyline”, “Imipramine”, “Clomipramine”, “Coaxil”, “Prozac”, “Tsipramil.”

Nootropics. They are used to improve mental activity, brain resistance to various stressful situations, improving the energy state of neurons. Among the nootropics can be distinguished: “Piritinol”, “Piracetam”, “Phenibut.”

To normalize peripheral and cerebral circulation, as well as blood microcirculation, Cinnarizine, vinpocetine (Cavinton), pentoxifylline (Trental), nicotinic acid (vitamin B3 or PP) are used.

For sympathicotonia, for pain in the region of the heart, ß-blockers are used – propranolol (Anaprilin, Obzidan), Atenolol (Atenol, Tenormin).

For the relief of heart pain it is used: Verapamil (Verapamil, Isoptin), Valocordin, Valerian tincture.

With vagotonic reactions. Psychostimulants of plant origin are used – drugs based on lemongrass, eleutherococcus, lure, etc.

With intracranial hypertension (high blood pressure), dehydration therapy is used, which is aimed at removing excess water from the body. For these purposes, diuretics are used.

Favorably in the complex, in the treatment of VVD, glycine, glutamic acid, pantogam, complexes of vitamins and trace elements have proved themselves.

In case of constipation, it is necessary to add food with a lot of fiber, fresh vegetables and fruits to the diet. Laxatives are also allowed: Dufalac, Lavacol, Normase.

With frequent diarrhea, the amount of fiber consumed in food must be reduced. Additionally, you can take an antidiarrheal agent: loperamide (Imodium, Lopedium), sorbents (Polyphepan, Smecta).

At elevated temperatures, you can take: “Pyroxan”, “Phentolamine.”

With increased sweating, the skin can be treated with solutions of formalin, potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate), tannic acid.

In the case of venous insufficiency – if the patient has a noise in the head and a throbbing pain in it, heaviness in the head, you can take: “Vazoket”, “Detralex”. Preparations for venous insufficiency take 1-2 months.

With dizziness against the background of high blood pressure, drugs that improve cerebral circulation are used – Vinpocetine, Cavinton, Niceerium, Oxybral.

With severe headaches and dizziness, you can take – “Betaserk.”

Important! During the treatment of VVD, be sure to abandon bad habits – smoking, drinking alcohol, taking drugs.


With timely detection, accurate diagnosis and strict adherence to the doctor’s prescription for the treatment of VVD, the prognosis for recovery is favorable. It is very important during VVD to correctly conduct the psychological adjustment of the child so that after his maturation, mental abnormalities formed during VVD do not accompany him throughout life.

Important! Before using folk remedies, be sure to consult your doctor!

In the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia, decoctions and infusions from medicinal herbs are widely used. Only they should be selected taking into account the type of IRR.

So, with dystonia of the hypotensive type, the following plants will help:

  • ginseng;
  • Eleutherococcus;
  • Lemongrass Chinese;
  • pink radiola;
  • immortelle;
  • juniper;
  • nettle;
  • dandelion.

These herbs have long been used in folk medicine to maintain vascular tone and eliminate weakness, fatigue and other symptoms characteristic of this type of VSD. On their basis, they independently make infusions or decoctions and take them strictly according to the prescription. Ready-made alcohol infusions of tonic herbs can be bought at the pharmacy.

Proper nutrition during vegetative-vascular dystonia in children and adults requires the exclusion of certain foods and products from the diet. This is mainly food that contains a large amount of bad cholesterol, increases excitability and adversely affects the tone and structure of blood vessels.

Proper nutrition is based on the principles of:

  • the diet contains many foods containing magnesium and potassium;
  • pressure stabilizing products are required;
  • normalize the water-salt balance will help the intake of normal fluid.

The main principles in the preparation of the menu and diet for people with VSD are the following:

  • food should be good for the body.
  • food should be healthy.
  • it is necessary that with a meal, all the necessary useful elements for its work to enter the body.

The hypertensive type dystonia diet includes foods and dishes with a reduced salt content. Allowed:

  • vegetable soups with cereals and soups not on strong meat / fish broth with a minimum amount of extractives without the addition of spices and seasonings.
  • bread is preferable to eat whole grain or bran, in small quantities – rye or wheat.
  • meat and poultry should be low-fat varieties and eat them better in boiled and baked form.

In the hypotonic form of VVD, fruits and vegetables should contain vitamin C and beta-carotene, it is recommended to lean on:

  • citrus fruits, bananas, pineapples. You can eat potatoes, semolina, white flour bread.
  • to increase pressure you need to eat nuts, buckwheat, brains, liver, pomegranate.
  • herring and cheeses can be introduced into the diet a couple of times a week, this will increase the pressure.
  • sweets, chocolate, coffee and cocoa give a good effect.

In cardiac form, foods with magnesium and potassium are recommended. Into the diet enter:

  • oatmeal and buckwheat, beans and onions, peas and eggplant, grapes, peaches, apricots, raisins and dried apricots.
  • From drinks to choose juices, compotes and jelly.
  • fermented milk products, chicken dishes, low-fat fish and meat give great benefits.

Nutrition plays a huge role.

In order to reduce the frequency of panic attacks and normalize the functioning of the autonomic nervous system, patients with VVD are recommended to adhere to a certain diet.

It is best to exclude or sharply limit the following foods from the diet:

  • strong black coffee and tea;
  • fatty pork;
  • mushrooms;
  • spicy and spicy dishes;
  • offal (liver, kidney, lungs, heart);
  • fat.

These products excite the nervous system and can provoke new unpleasant attacks. It is also recommended to give up cigarettes and alcohol.

In the diet should be:

  • green lettuce;
  • fresh greens;
  • fruits and vegetables;
  • cereals;
  • nuts;
  • dairy products;
  • wholemeal bread.

It is important to observe the drinking regime and consume at least 1,5 liters of clean water per day, not counting the first dishes and tea.

How to treat vegetative-vascular dystonia?

The treatment of VVD in women and men should be comprehensive, aimed at simultaneously eliminating the underlying disease and stopping painful symptoms that significantly worsen the quality of human life. During treatment, an impact on the mechanisms of psycho-emotional regulation of a person’s condition is necessarily carried out.

If a person suffering from VVD has any neurotic disorders, then psychotherapy performed using various methods, for example, hypnosis, autogenic training, etc. should be included in the complex treatment. In addition, it is recommended to widely use non-pharmacological methods to normalize the psychoemotional sphere , and also strengthen the normal stereotypes of nervous activity.

Drug therapy
  • Herbal sedatives, sedatives, and antidepressants are often used.
  • Vitamin-mineral complexes are very effective in vegetative-vascular dystonia. Treatment with tablets is carried out under the supervision of the attending doctor.
  • The dose he must choose and determine the regimen of drugs. Self-medication is not permissible!
Non-drug methods
  • work and rest
  • full sleep
  • walks in the open air
  • moderate exercise
  • proper nutrition
  • Massages, acupuncture, water treatments, physiotherapy are also useful.
  • one of the most effective methods

In addition to psychotherapy and non-drug methods, medications that normalize mental activity and the condition of a person are necessarily used to treat VVD.

Prevention of vegetative-vascular dystonia

Prevention of VVD includes the following preventive measures:

  • Exclude family quarrels, conflicts;
  • Communicate with the child, find out the causes of his disorders, if they are present;
  • Eliminate, as far as possible, the child’s contact with various kinds of information containing scenes of violence, murder, occultism – films, cartoons, computer games, free uncontrolled access to the Internet.
  • Eat foods enriched with vitamins and minerals;
  • Eliminate bad habits – alcohol, smoking;
  • Do not let various diseases, especially of an infectious nature, drift so that they do not become chronic;
  • Observe the work / rest mode
  • Do not consume uncontrolled intake of various medications without consulting a doctor;
  • Avoid stress. If you work at work with a high psycho-emotional load, consider whether it is worth it? It may be necessary to change jobs. Health is more expensive than money!
  • Try to move more, go in for sports, ride a bike.

To prevent the progression of vegetovascular dystonia and prevent its attacks, it is recommended to reconsider your lifestyle and change habits:

  • lead an active lifestyle – go in for swimming, fitness, aerobics;
  • master the breath and yoga technique;
  • take a contrast shower daily;
  • more often be in the fresh air;
  • get enough sleep – sleep should be calm and complete for at least 8-9 hours.

Try to avoid stressful situations, as they are often the main provocateurs of a panic attack.

To prevent VVD, it is necessary to carry out strengthening measures, that is, to engage in sports and more often to be in the fresh air. Engage with a psychologist, maintain a proper diet and regulate your daily routine.

Prevention is necessary to prevent the progression of paroxysms, various disorders in the system of the heart and blood vessels, and psychosomatic abnormalities.

As a result, VVD in children is a combination of various symptoms from the organs and systems of the body in response to a violation of their work. Pathology must be treated, otherwise it can greatly progress and carry serious complications in the work of the whole child’s body.

The basis of prevention is maintaining a healthy lifestyle. What does this concept include? Everything is very simple: often go for walks in the fresh air, go in for sports, avoid stressful situations. Even if the disease arose due to a hereditary predisposition, following the recommendations presented, each person will be able to overcome the ailment.

Quality sleep requires careful attention, try to go to bed early to start your new day in a good mood. Be sure to follow the walks. They will help strengthen immune functions and normalize overall well-being.

Vegetovascular dystonia is a disease that today very often affects adults and children. Symptoms of the disease disrupt the normal rhythm of people’s lives and cause discomfort. Only effective therapy, drawn up by an experienced doctor, will help to defeat the ailment and make it possible to live a full life.


Drug treatment consists in the use of drugs of the following groups:

  1. Antidepressants (Amitriptyline, Prozac, Tsipramil, Imipramine). They help to eliminate increased anxiety, irritability, cope with psycho-emotional overstrain or apathy, depressive states. Such remedies help relieve some unpleasant somatic symptoms (pain in the heart, muscles and joints) that can not be treated with other drugs.
  2. Tranquilizers (Diazepam, Relanium, Tranxen, Seduxen) are designed to prevent panic attacks, eliminate unreasonable fears, and increased anxiety.
  3. Sedatives. More often they use safe sedatives based on herbal extracts (tincture of valerian, hawthorn, motherwort, Novo-Passit, Persen preparations, herbal teas). Such funds act gently, beneficially affect the state of the nervous system, providing a sedative effect without harm to health.
  4. Nootropics (Piracetam, Phenibut, Phenotropil). They improve blood circulation in the brain, eliminate the effects of hypoxia, and increase the body’s resistance to stressful situations. Additionally, in order to normalize cerebral and peripheral circulation, Cinnarizine, Cavinton, Trental are used.

For symptoms associated with impaired cardiac activity, adrenoblockers (Anaprilin, Atenol) are prescribed, for the relief of heart pain – Verapamil, Valerian tincture or Valocordin.

For dizziness and headaches associated with intracranial hypertension or high blood pressure, diuretics are used (to remove excess fluids that provoke an increase in pressure) and medications that improve cerebral circulation (Cavinton, Vinpocetine).


Despite the mass of unpleasant symptoms, the prognosis for vegetative-vascular dystonia is positive. With timely treatment, compliance with medical recommendations, abandonment of bad habits, it is possible to avoid psychosomatic complications, unpleasant consequences from the cardiovascular system, the brain and other vital organs.

Properly selected treatment regimen and compliance with preventive measures in almost 80% of cases can stop the further progression of the IRR and significantly improve the patient’s quality of life.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.