Even a perfectly healthy person periodically feels a lack of air. Typically, this sensation occurs during long runs and other cardio loads, as well as on nerves. This is a natural reaction, in this case you do not need to sound the alarm.
But if the norm of depth, frequency and rhythm of breathing is violated, this condition should be seriously treated.
This complication is caused by the lost working capacity of the heart, it ceases to cope with the amount of load necessary to ensure a normal rhythm of life. Before the onset of dyspnea, other symptoms appear that are usually not particularly focused on. For example, a person cannot immediately understand why his body weight is increasing, although nutrition and volume of loads have not changed.
This happens because in the muscle tissue due to stagnation in the blood circulation, fluid begins to accumulate. Cyanosis and swelling appear if the diet has remained unchanged high levels of salt. Dyspnea itself occurs as a result of a slowdown in blood flow due to impaired heart function.
Therefore, part of the liquid is impregnated through the walls of the vessels into the pulmonary vesicles. The ability of the lungs to saturate with blood oxygen is significantly reduced, making breathing becomes difficult. Blood receives insufficient oxygen, which is compensated by rapid breathing. There is a classification according to which there are 4 stages of shortness of breath.
Symptoms of dyspnea at different stages of the pathology are aggravated and manifest more clearly:
- the first stage is not considered as a pathology and is characteristic of any healthy person – this is the result of intense cardio load;
- the second is characterized by oxygen starvation during moderate exercise;
- in the third stage of the disease, shortness of breath appears during the performance of daily work;
- the fourth stage is accompanied by rapid breathing even in the absence of physical actions.
It is important to remember that when lying down, the condition may worsen. In this regard, the most dangerous night attacks. People suffering from such shortness of breath are prescribed medications, and it is most convenient for such patients to feel half-sitting.
Causes of Heart Dyspnea
The diseases causing dyspnoe serve as the basis for grouping shortness of breath into 4 categories:
- Respiratory failure. It is acute and chronic. It is associated with the inability to maintain optimal blood gas composition. It develops from a few days to 3-4 years. The beginning is subtle, the process is gradual. It is accompanied by a violation of hemodynamics – the flow of blood through vessels that depend on blood viscosity. It is caused by diseases of the bronchi and lungs.
At the initial stage of the disease of the cardiovascular system (CVS), local negative manifestations are practically not noticeable. In the future, with a serious violation of the rhythm of myocardial contractions due to damage to the coronary arteries, the blood does not pump in the proper volume, its flow rate through the vessels slows down.
Classification of dyspnea
- Inspiratory. The patient has difficulty breathing. They are caused by reduced sizes of the trachea and large bronchi. It is characteristic for patients with bronchial asthma, pleurisy, pneumothorax.
- Expiratory. A person has problems with exhalation. The reason is in the small bronchi, in which the size of the lumens has decreased. Narrowing is the result of lung disease or emphysema.
- Mixed. Most common. It is caused by disorders in the circulatory system, therefore it is called cardiac. It occurs in patients suffering from heart failure, and lung pathology at an advanced stage.
Symptoms of cardiac dyspnea, stage
The main symptomatology of cardiac dyspnea is difficulty breathing during physical activity, in a stationary state, and even when a person simply lies.
There are two stages in the formation of this type of dyspnea:
At an early stage, shortness of breath occurs only after exercise. But the more heart failure progresses more intensively, the more often dyspnea occurs. And for this, the slightest tension of the body is enough. This is already a late or progressive stage.
The most difficult stage is an increase in shortness of breath during a supine position, for example, during sleep. In this case, a person has a risk of suffocation due to a night attack.
When a person takes a lying position, blood flow from the veins to the heart increases. The heart is unable to cope with such stress. Because of this, blood stagnates in the pulmonary blood vessels. If shortness of breath manifests itself in a particularly complicated form, then a person does not have to sleep horizontally, as usual, but sit on a chair with legs down. Then the work of the heart is not so intense.
If breathing problems occur during climbing a small ladder, during a walk, and also in a state of calm, this is an alarming sign. This symptom indicates that a person is progressing heart failure.
In medicine, four main functioning subclasses of cardiac dyspnea are distinguished:
- Grade I – shortness of breath manifests itself with severe physical exertion.
- Grade II – shortness of breath occurs during moderate physical activity.
- Grade III – shortness of breath appears as a result of small daily activities.
- IV class – shortness of breath appears in a person who is at rest.
Shortness of breath is a serious and dangerous disease. It can be acute or chronic. Depending on the symptoms, 5 main stages (classes) of development of cardiac dyspnea are distinguished:
Disruptions in the respiratory system after intense physical exertion, most often performing complex sports exercises. In the pathological case, the recovery process occurs quickly, but with a small delay that does not seem to be of fundamental importance compared to similar cases in the recent past.
The insidiousness of shortness of breath lies in the fact that its treatment is difficult due to the fault of the patients themselves. It is widely believed that breathing problems are domestic and short-term. A short rest helps to eliminate the ailment. In the practice of most people there were many similar cases. This approach leads to the fact that early diagnosis of the disease is significantly difficult.
Even at the third stage of its development, patients are treated without due responsibility. Medical recommendations are not followed in terms of taking medications, not to mention changes in lifestyle, diet. Attention to shortness of breath is exacerbated only after an increase in symptoms leads to a sharp deterioration in the patient’s general health, and excessive cardiac dyspnea becomes constant.
Symptoms of cardiac dyspnea, stage
To understand how to get rid of shortness of breath in heart failure, you need to understand that the problem is caused precisely by these diseases. This can be determined by the following characteristic signs:
- difficulty during inspiration;
- deterioration during exercise;
- in a supine position, the condition is aggravated;
- wheezing in the lungs;
- swelling and a feeling of cold in the limbs;
- palpitations and arrhythmias;
- cyanosis of the fingers, ears and tip of the nose.
Determining that a person has shortness of breath is not difficult. The patient will be deficient in air. If shortness of breath is severe, then a person may even suffocate.
To accurately understand the cause of the occurrence of cardiac dyspnea and to develop an individual treatment program, the cardiologist directs the patient to special examinations: for an ultrasound of the heart, for electrocardiography, for chest x-ray. Also, a person should do a biochemical blood test.
Folk remedies for shortness of breath
Heart dyspnea is one of the symptoms of heart failure. It is completely possible to reduce or get rid of it only by treatment of the underlying disease. Therefore, most recommendations are related to improving heart function.
The first thing that is important to pay attention to in the treatment of cardiac dyspnea is overweight. If he is present,
. Excessive fullness leads to complications of cardiovascular disease. A person who has extra pounds is harder and harder to move around.
In addition, treatment includes quitting smoking (if a person smokes).
To get rid of shortness of breath, breathing exercises have been successfully used. For example, many recommend Strelnikova complex. This video shows the basic exercises of this complex. They are simple, you can repeat the gymnastics right after the trainer.
Shown with difficulty breathing due to heart failure and light physical procedures. All
it is important to coordinate with the doctor, to prevent overwork. Moderation is the most important principle that must be observed during physical activity if you have cardiac dyspnea.
To reduce the manifestations of cardiac dyspnea and normalize the work of the heart, medications are used:
- ACE inhibitors;
- beta blockers.
have antiarrhythmic and cardiotonic effects. Digoxin belongs to this group. It is recommended by many doctors, this drug is popular, proven.
If glycosides are taken for a long time, they accumulate in the body and can cause an overdose. Therefore, with the appearance of nausea, loss of appetite, slowing of the pulse, it is worth adjusting the regimen of the drug with your doctor.
relax and, therefore, expand the arteries, contribute to the restoration of vascular functions. Thus, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors lower blood pressure.
This type of medication includes:
- Lisinopril and others
The reduced pressure that ATP inhibitors cause may cause dizziness. Therefore, it is better to lie down in bed after taking such drugs. In the morning, do not get out of bed quickly, allow your body to adapt to a change in its position gradually.
contribute to the removal of excess fluid from the body. This greatly facilitates the condition of the patient. The action of such drugs facilitates the work of the heart, because it has to pump less liquid through the body.
Among these drugs:
- Indapamide and others
Diuretics are best taken in the morning, so as not to disturb frequent urination at night sleep!
In addition to the main action, diuretic drugs help reduce swelling and weight loss.
Beta blockers reduce oxygen starvation and reduce heart contractions. This is important, because when the heart beats faster “forcibly”, because of the adrenaline that stands out, it works to the limit.
Beta blockers include:
- Celiprolol and others
Such drugs reduce blood pressure, so the patient may increase fatigue, dizziness. Side effects should go away completely in a couple of weeks after starting the medication.
Folk preparations against cardiac dyspnea:
- cyanosis root;
- lovage root;
- bean pods.
You can insist aloe leaves on vodka for two weeks. Take the medicine one teaspoon daily with a tablespoon of liquid honey. After that, after ten minutes, you need to gulp a cup of hot water or a decoction.
As an option, you can prepare the following folk remedy. Three hundred grams of garlic gruel and juice from twenty-five lemons are taken. A day is infused in a half glass of water. Drink one teaspoon each.
Another effective folk remedy for heart dyspnea is a mixture of lemon and honey. Juice from a dozen squeezed lemons and a dozen garlic heads mixed in a one-liter jar with honey. Close the container with a lid, leaving it to brew for exactly one week. Take four teaspoons per day – slowly, savoring the potion. In two months you can get a tangible result.
|Glycosides||It has a cardiotonic effect, expand the stroke volume of the heart, and also eliminate tachycardia.|
|ACE Inhibitors||Provide the expansion of arteries, as well as the activation of vascular functions.|
|Diuretics||Elimination of puffiness, reduction of pressure on blood vessels and heart.|
|Beta-blockers||Elimination of oxygen starvation and arrhythmias.|
|If-channel inhibitors of the sinus node||Elimination of tachycardia.|
|Aldosterone Receptor Antagonists||The fight against arterial hypertension, congestive processes in the vessels, as well as the removal of excess fluid from the body.|
|Vasodilators||Reducing the load on the heart by reducing the tone of blood vessels.|
|Antiarrhythmic drugs||Normalization of heart rate.|
|Anticoagulants||The prevention of blood clots, as well as the facilitation of blood transport through the vessels.|
|Statins||Decreased blood cholesterol levels prevent the formation of plaques in blood vessels.|
|Vitamin Complexes||Total strengthening effect.|
Any pills for shortness of breath in heart failure should be taken as directed and under the supervision of a physician. Independent and uncontrolled use of drugs can lead to deterioration or disruption in the functioning of other body systems.
The main part of folk remedies for treating dyspnea is completely correlated with traditional therapeutic drugs, since a significant part of them is made on a plant basis. This fully applies to tinctures and decoctions of hawthorn, lily of the valley, valerian. Aloe leaves infused with vodka or alcohol help to quickly fight shortness of breath and cough. Self-made medicines from licorice root and yarrow are effective.
The mixture of citrus fruits twisted in a meat grinder (together with peel – peel) and garlic, drenched in flower honey, is gaining great popularity. Citrus fruits, mainly lemon, together with garlic form the base of another recipe, where olive oil is used instead of honey.
Young tin leaves of birch, astragalus, and horse chestnut inflorescences stand out from tinctures. Teas and decoctions are practiced from a panicle of reeds, cranberries.
With the early diagnosis of pathological dyspnea and the causes that provoked it, the fight against the disease is usually successful. In any case, the duration of its course can be significantly slowed down. In other circumstances, much depends on the attendant points. These include the age of the patient. In older people, protective resources are greatly weakened, the deterioration of organs reaches a high degree. First of all, this applies to the cardiovascular system.
A person’s lifestyle and work also greatly affect the onset and course of shortness of breath. Regular stresses, difficult working conditions (metallurgical, forging shops, paintwork, cement mining) do not contribute to the health of the respiratory tract and pulmonary system. Dyspnea is a work-related illness.
An integrated approach to the treatment of cardiac dyspnea is understood as a long and focused work, both of a medical institution and of the patient himself. Full compliance with medical prescriptions should be the norm. It is undesirable to resort to self-medication, but it is permissible to make adjustments to the lifestyle.
In order for the treatment of dyspnea in heart failure to be effective, it is important to correctly and accurately establish the diagnosis. Only a qualified specialist can accurately determine the severity of the problem, as well as prescribe the appropriate drugs.
Heart failure is always accompanied by excruciating shortness of breath. This is due to increased stress for the heart. Lack of air appears with ischemic conditions, as well as arterial hypertension. Shortness of breath is present with excess fullness, anxious sleep, blood pressure malfunctions. Left ventricular failure is always accompanied by a pre-infarction state, shortness of breath, suffocation. Acute coronary syndrome, thrombosis, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis can provoke shortness of breath.
Shortness of breath is a violation of the respiratory function of a person. Often it appears during physical exertion, stress, when at a high altitude or in a closed room. Cardiac dyspnea is accompanied by a bluish complexion, rapid breathing in the supine position, an increase in the amount of urine excreted, and coughing.
The main cause of shortness of breath is heart problems. Violation of the breath is caused by valve defects, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease. Cardiac asthma and various complications in the work of the main organ of a person develop shortness of breath. It is necessary to constantly maintain heart function at the proper level.
How to get rid of shortness of breath?
Over time, the symptoms of a cardiological disorder worsen, shortness of breath increases. The reason for this is the patient’s reluctance to scrupulously and clearly follow the doctor’s recommendations. Do not take independent measures, medical treatment can be prescribed only by a qualified specialist.
To establish the causes of respiratory disorders, the patient is prescribed an examination:
- Chest R-graphy;
- biochemical blood test;
- analysis of the function of external respiration;
- Ultrasound of the heart.
To reduce such manifestations, it is important to adhere to some recommendations for a healthy lifestyle:
- Carefully observe all specialist appointments aimed at treating the underlying disease.
- Quit smoking. Smoking damages not only the lungs, but also the blood vessels, lowers the amount of oxygen in the blood, which leads to an increase in blood pressure and an increase in heart rate. Such changes significantly exacerbate shortness of breath.
- Reduce your weight and keep it healthy.
- Create moderate exercise daily. After discussing with a specialist a rehabilitation program for a cardiac disorder, this factor must be taken into account.
- Avoid stressful situations, as they can exacerbate the disease. They will help to learn how to control the level of stress by doing meditation and yoga.
- Do not rise higher than 1500 meters from sea level.
When treating this manifestation, doctors usually prescribe a Mediterranean diet for their patients. It is rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, vegetable oils, low-fat dairy products and a moderate amount of seafood and fish. Foods high in cholesterol and trans fats should be discarded, or at least significantly reduced, their intake.
It is necessary to significantly reduce the intake of salt, which helps retain fluid. A negative effect on human health and alcohol, since it leads to weakening of the heart muscle, and interacting with drugs, provokes the development of arrhythmia. In case of severe insufficiency, which is accompanied by a significant excess of fluid, experts recommend limiting water intake.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the symptoms and during recovery to lead a calm, healthy lifestyle. You need to stop being lazy and start working on yourself, taking seriously the manifestations of violations. Since there are many reasons for the development of a person’s shortness of breath, the treatment should be comprehensive – only in this way can we expect a speedy recovery.
Also, to improve lung ventilation and better enrichment of blood with oxygen, you can perform simple breathing exercises:
- exhaling through the mouth all the air, you need to inhale it through the nose, then exhale sharply with your mouth and draw in your stomach for ten seconds. Then inhale the air “stomach” through the mouth and, drawing in the stomach, hold your breath for another ten seconds. This exercise is performed in any comfortable position, even while walking or working in an office chair.
You must immediately call an ambulance for:
- the occurrence of a strong wheezing, which can be heard even from a distance;
- cough with sputum of pink color with a foamy consistency;
- cyanosis of the skin;
- the occurrence of cold, profuse sweat;
- extremely difficult palpable pulse;
- a strong reduction in pressure to 90/60 mmHg;
- inability to breathe while lying down.
Before the doctor arrives, take the following measures:
- open a window or window to ensure fresh air into the room;
- unfasten the buttons of the collar zone to provide oxygen to the body and provide good ventilation of the lungs;
- help a person to take a comfortable half-sitting or sitting posture, while the legs must be lowered to release the heart from unnecessary load, creating an outflow of blood to the lower extremities;
- use an oxygen pillow, if any;
- put a Nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue.
Drug therapy for heart dyspnea
Positive dynamics in the treatment of cardiac dyspnea is possible only if a set of measures is implemented. The patient should be examined at least by a general practitioner (therapist), vascular surgeon, cardiologist, oncologist, pulmonologist, endocrinologist, neurologist. During the period of frequent complications, he should be in the field of regular attention of the anesthesiologist and resuscitator. You need to know exactly which drugs are acceptable for use in life-threatening situations.
Health workers must determine under whose control the patient falls. It depends on the root cause of shortness of breath. The doctor is responsible for the correct prescription of drugs, since drug treatment is essential for the fight against the disease.
When treating cardiac dyspnea, the patient should be clearly aware that it is prolonged. It is carried out in parallel with therapy of the main source of the disease, which often has an irreversible character and cannot be completely localized. In this case, the fight against shortness of breath will take on a lifelong character, its final cure is impossible.
Tablets and other drugs for cardiac dyspnea, depending on the intended purpose, are divided into: cardiotonic and antiarrhythmic effects. They are aimed at stimulating the activity of rhythmic heart contractions. They are used for heart failure of both acute and chronic nature. Improve the respiratory process. The main group of drugs is glycosides, represented by dioxin and corglycon.
- vascular restorators and dilators of arteries. These include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. As a rule, drugs are easily absorbed, but require mandatory consultation with a doctor. Use against sore throat and chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations can cause a dry cough as a side effect. The doctor can determine the likelihood of its occurrence. Inhibitors have a large species and assortment line. Among them, the most popular and readily available: Captopril, Quinapril, Benazepril, Folinopril
- diuretics (diuretics). They are important for edema, which is symptomatic of diseases of the heart, respiratory organs, and lesions of the circulatory system. They are independent drugs, but more often they are part of the means used to treat diseases that cause the accumulation of excess fluid in the organs
Diuretics are prescribed for the treatment of hypertension and CVD. They are divided into thiazide, loop and potassium-sparing drugs. Each of the groups has positive and negative properties. Improving the functioning of the heart, they wash out potassium and magnesium from the body, and also cause an increase in blood sugar, causing diabetes. Therefore, they are best taken taking into account the recommendations of doctors.
“Digoxin” – refers to the group of cardiac glycosides. It reduces the heart rate caused by arrhythmia, thus facilitating the work of the heart and increasing its tolerance to physical activity. However, the drug tends to accumulate in the body, so it is not attributed for a long time.
Carvedilol is a beta-blocker drug. It, like the glycoside described above, helps to reduce the frequency of contractions of the heart, in addition, reduces oxygen starvation of the muscle, pressure, removes excess fluid from the body.
“Monopril” refers to inhibitors. It expands the arteries, facilitates the easy passage of blood through them, as well as the immediate delivery of oxygen to all organs.
Lasix is one of the diuretic drugs. It removes excess fluid for the body, which becomes one of the causes of shortness of breath. Together with it, the body actively leaves potassium. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor its constant replenishment in the form of products (baked potatoes, bananas). For more information on how to get rid of manifestations of heart failure, read here
|Garlic||350 gr||Grind the garlic to a state of slurry (using a crush or meat grinder). Mix the resulting mass with lemon juice, pour into a glass jar and insist in a warm place for a day.||Dilute a teaspoon of the composition in half a tablespoon of water. Take before bedtime.||2 week|
|Garlic||10 heads||Peeled peeled garlic and peeled lemon through a meat grinder. Mix the resulting mass with honey. Pour into a glass jar, cover and insist for a week.||4 teaspoons of the composition are consumed daily. At the same time, it must not be swallowed, but absorbed.||2 month|
|Dried Elderberry||In equal amounts||Mix herbs together. 4 teaspoons of raw materials pour a glass of cold water and leave for 2 hours. Put the composition on the fire and boil for 15 minutes.||The resulting amount of broth needs to be drunk in 1 day, divided into 3 doses.|
|Dried violet three-colored|
|Dried blackberry leaf||1 century. l.||Dry grass should be poured with a glass of hot water and boiled for half an hour.||Drink instead of tea.||Constantly|
What will help if there is shortness of breath in heart failure? Treatment. Alternative treatment, of course, can alleviate the condition and even have a therapeutic effect in the initial stages. However, it cannot replace qualified medical care.
Dyspnea is one of the common symptoms of heart failure. Also, this condition occurs with diseases of the respiratory system, endocrine system, and other ailments.
There are many medicines on the pharmaceutical market to help get rid of shortness of breath. What are the best medicines? Only the attending doctor will unequivocally answer this question. Further in the material will be presented the basic methods of combating the disease.
If a person has an acute attack of difficulty breathing, it is important to immediately provide him with first aid.
Windows must be opened in the room to circulate fresh air. The patient needs to unfasten the buttons on the collar, loosen the belt – the chest should not be squashed. A person needs to provide more complete peace of mind. He is better off sitting or half-sitting with his legs hanging down.
It is very good to use oxygen pads during an attack. You can give under the tongue a tablet of glycerol trinitrate.
During an attack, you can help yourself. Lightly push your finger into the jugular fossa. There is a biologically active point. The pressure should last 3 seconds, then release. Repeat no more than 2 minutes.
The patient himself, as well as his relatives and close circle should know how to provide first aid. Of course, a systematic and comprehensive treatment of dyspnea in heart failure is necessary. But if unpleasant symptoms took you by surprise, you need to perform these actions:
- take a comfortable sitting position so that the legs are down;
- open the vents so that fresh air enters the room;
- use an oxygen pillow, if any;
- warm the limbs with a heating pad or a bottle filled with hot water.
A person with a sick heart should definitely supplement his diet with a large number of fresh vegetables, berries and fruits. You need to eat a lot of fiber. Vegetable oil is also shown – sunflower, olive, sesame. It is good to take fish oil as a dietary supplement. Be sure to eat fish twice a week.
In your daily diet should be foods rich in potassium:
- baked potato;
- various dried fruits.
It is also important to switch to stewed, boiled, steamed, baked dishes. Such a diet will slow down atherosclerosis, reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood.
It is very useful to make fasting days from time to time – curd, apple, rice, juice.
Good prophylaxis of the development of cardiac dyspnea is domestic and physical exertion. They allow you to stabilize the general condition of the body. That is why you need to be engaged in physical education. You need to plan physical exercises in consultation with your doctor. A specialist will help you choose a gymnastics complex that will be effective and safe for humans.
If there is a shortage of breath even with minimal physical activity and physical activity, this is a serious reason to think. You need to immediately contact a cardiologist, undergo an examination, take tests. This will allow, in the case of heart failure, to begin treatment of the disease at an early stage and prevent its progression, as well as exacerbate the disease state.
Any disease is better and easier to prevent than to get rid of existing symptoms. Not a single remedy, even the most universal, can help forever forget heart failure. Manifestations of this malaise indicate stable changes. The only way to stop the progression of the disease and insure against its complications is the constant use of pills and a healthy lifestyle for many years.
To maximize your own safety, if the slightest cardiac signal appears, it is important to seek help from a specialist in a timely manner and not take up self-medication. It is necessary to undergo a scheduled preventive examination annually, even if nothing bothers. During therapy, you need to monitor the state of the blood and constantly take its readings.
In order to prevent, it is recommended to engage in physical activity, maintain a balanced diet and, if possible, abandon fatty, spicy and salty, flour and butter products, stop abusing black coffee and strong tea. For people with excess body weight, it is recommended to reduce it – this will greatly facilitate the work of the heart and improve blood flow throughout the body.
It is very important to monitor and monitor the condition of the liver and kidneys – the work of these organs also affects the mechanism of shortness of breath. It is advisable to avoid contact with feathers, animal hair, dust and other active allergens.
Observing these obvious rules, you can maintain your health for many years and prevent the development of cardiac problems and symptoms in the form of shortness of breath. This malaise most often develops in elderly people, so relatives need to pay attention and control the healing process.
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Paying enough attention to the prevention of heart failure, you can avoid serious problems in the future (including shortness of breath). It is worth paying attention to the following recommendations:
- regular physical activity (loads should be moderate);
- following a low-calorie diet to prevent obesity;
- avoiding stressful situations, creating a favorable emotional background;
- regular medical supervision.
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