Edema of the legs with heart failure is characterized by certain signs that appear briefly, in acute form, or turning into chronic. If you miss the disease at first, the swelling on the legs will become more extensive: they can spread to other parts of the body. The insidious swelling of the legs with heart failure lies in the fact that it is almost not manifested: swelling is noticeable only in the evening. For this reason, many do not go to the doctor, attribute it to other reasons, and the disease progresses.
Distinctive signs of swelling in the legs with heart failure:
- swelling of the lower extremities begins gradually, from the fingers moving to the upper legs;
- both legs swell at the same time;
- the swelling is hard to the touch, when pressed, pits remain, slowly disappearing;
- legs swell in the evening, and in the morning usually return to their original state;
- the main site of localization is the ankles and feet;
- the skin on the legs is very tight, shiny and bursts;
- cyanosis of the skin, numbness of the extremities.
It must be borne in mind that swelling in the legs with heart failure is most often a secondary manifestation. First there are primary signs:
Some characteristic features:
- An increase in the volume of the lower extremities, the legs swell;
- Pits and valleys appear when pressed;
- Cyanosis, dark blue vessels are visible;
- The skin on the legs becomes pale and cold to the touch;
- Slight dizziness;
- Minor pain in the heart;
- General weakness of the body;
- Low or high blood pressure.
- Cardiac Edema – Treatment with folk remedies
- Folk remedies
- Drug therapy
- Cardiac Edema – Treatment with folk remedies
- Tips for Patients
- Methods of traditional medicine
- Simple Tips
- Baths and compresses
- Edema of the legs in the ankle
- Cardiac edema of the legs
- Recipe from Vanga
- Peppermint infusion
- Flax infusion
- Warming compress
- nutritional care
With heart failure, the patient suffers not only from edema, but also from shortness of breath, tachycardia, high blood pressure, and fatigue. During the diagnosis of the body, an enlarged liver is detected.
Swelling of the legs with heart failure are characterized by characteristic signs:
- Gradual prolonged (over several days) and symmetrical increase in the volume of both limbs.
- The skin remains dense, cold when touched, characterized by a bluish tint. The surface is glossy, shiny, unnaturally stretched. With a strong increase in tissue volume, skin tears may occur.
- When pressed during palpation, a fairly deep trace in the form of a fossa remains on the surface.
- Deterioration in the evening. As a rule, after physical exertion – prolonged walking, standing.
- The predominant area of localization is the feet and ankles. Symptoms usually disappear in the morning after a good rest. If the patient is limited in movement (lies a lot, leads a sedentary lifestyle), there is a spread of edema in the abdomen, pelvis, and sacrum.
Swelling on the legs with heart failure is not the only symptom of pathology. Other manifestations of the disease:
- general weakness;
- pain in the heart;
- increase (less often decrease) in blood pressure;
- pallor with a bluish tint of skin;
- enlargement of the liver in size (hepatomegaly).
Further development of the disease is provoked by such pathologies as excess body weight, anemia, cirrhosis and other types of liver damage.
The main symptom of edema on the legs of any origin is an increase in their volume due to the accumulation of excess fluid in the intercellular space. However, edema can occur not only due to heart failure, kidney disease, blood and lymph vessels can lead to their appearance.
There are several signs, the presence of which allows doctors with a fairly high degree of probability to establish what origin has swelling on the legs.
|Causes of edema||Symptoms|
|Edema caused by cardiac disease||Symmetrical on both legs|
Usually occur or increase in the evening, disappearing or decreasing in the morning
The skin may have a bluish tint.
When pressed with a finger, a dent remains in the soft tissues, which slowly recovers
Often accompanied by shortness of breath, especially during exercise
|Renal edema on the legs||Appear most often in the morning|
Accompanied by swelling around the eyes
Soft when pressed
The skin may have a pale tint.
|Swelling caused by deep vein thrombosis||Sudden appearance|
One limb is usually affected.
The skin above the site of thrombosis is red, it is hot to the touch
Soreness and hypersensitivity in the affected area
Sometimes they occur under the influence of predisposing factors (recent operations, injuries, cancer)
|Edema in chronic venous insufficiency||Persistent swelling on one or two legs|
When pressed solid
Brown skin on legs
Discomfort in the limbs
Sometimes trophic ulcers develop
Varicose veins are often observed.
What to do when symptoms appear? The description of the disease begins with a study of the causes that cause it. In the bulk of cases, the inferiority of the functioning of the heart is considered a consequence of heart diseases:
In rare situations, failure is one of the main symptoms. If progression is observed for a short time, then the pathology is acute. Other cases indicate a chronic form. Excluding heart disease, it is worth noting additional factors that worsen the condition of the patient with heart failure:
Along with this, the following signs have all chances to appear:
Edema in the legs with heart failure depends on which area of the myocardium itself does not perform its own function. In all cases, the symptoms have varying degrees of severity; in certain cases, a fatal outcome is even likely.
Cardiac Edema – Treatment with folk remedies
Since the disease is associated with poor functioning of the heart muscle, the treatment is aimed primarily at improving blood circulation. Glycosides drugs cope with this task:
Release form: tablets, suppositories, injections, drops. Glycosides contain plant components that contribute to energy production in myocytes – the cells responsible for the contraction of the heart muscle. The mechanism of action of plants is explained by the fact that the substance of quinine in their composition contributes to the production of cell energy, and the substance glycon controls the process of absorption and dissolution, interaction with proteins.
Glycosides are produced on the basis of a single plant (for example, “Strofantin”, “Digitoxin”, “Digoxin”) or several plant components. Three types of drugs are considered in terms of absorption speed: with a long-lasting effect – “Digitoxin”, medium-long – “Digoxin”, “Celanide” and a quick effect – “Korglikon”, “Strofantin”.
In the initial stage of leg edema in heart failure, treatment is usually prescribed with drugs with a quick action, in chronic forms – with supportive drugs with a longer effect. Only a doctor can determine the degree of damage to cardiac activity, dosage and possible contraindications.
In order to remove excess fluid, diuretics are used – diuretics. They wash away excess sodium salts, while increasing the level of potassium salts. The drugs differ among themselves, mainly, by the duration of exposure or by the method of removing salts from the blood:
In addition to taking medications, the patient needs psychological and physical comfort: you can not overstrain the nervous system, do not sacrifice sleep and breaks for rest, it is enough to move in the fresh air. Edema can be cured only in combination with the underlying disease. That is why you can not self-medicate.
In addition to the listed drugs, the doctor may prescribe sartans: Corvitol, Coriol, ACE inhibitors: Captopril, Enap. Sartans are prescribed for arterial hypertension, left heart ventricular failure, these are new generation drugs. The effect of them occurs in 2-4 weeks, while there is no addiction.
You need to know that swelling of the limbs also happens from the use of certain drugs, during pregnancy, allergic reactions, autoimmune diseases. Taking contraceptives containing sex hormones also provokes fluid buildup in the tissues. Also, medications for high blood pressure contribute to this.
People with leg edema problems should not feel like seriously ill patients, with certain restrictions in nutrition, psychological comfort and sufficient physical activity, the result will be necessary. Drug treatment is carried out in combination with alternative methods and a healthy lifestyle.
How to cure heart failure at home and get rid of edema? First of all, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive study of the body in order to establish the degree of development of the problem. For this, the doctor prescribes an ECG, ultrasound of the heart, laboratory tests of blood and urine. Based on the results of the analyzes, treatment is selected, which includes taking the following aids:
Medication is the main way to treat heart failure and edema of the lower extremities.
The attending physician conducts a full comprehensive examination of the heart, and blood tests from the vein are also given. Cardiac edema must be treated comprehensively, taking drugs that contain potassium and magnesium, but you should not self-medicate, it can be dangerous to health and lead to undesirable consequences.
Products that can be:
Circulatory disturbance is a common cause of fluid retention in the body, leading to leg edema. With heart failure, the outflow of blood from the periphery to the right atrium is difficult, stagnation occurs in the main artery. An increase in venous pressure leads to the fact that fluid from the vessels to the tissues enters through the venous network, causing their increase. Treatment in this case is aimed at eliminating excess fluid, normalizing sodium levels, maintaining heart activity.
Edema in heart failure is a common phenomenon that causes serious physical and psychological discomfort in patients. The lower limbs are most susceptible to fluid accumulation in the tissues. The worse the heart copes with its tasks, the stronger the visual changes in the tissues appear. Let us consider in more detail the causes and methods of treating leg edema in heart failure.
The pathology mechanism is associated with the decompensatory reaction of the body. The heart muscle hardly pumps blood from the lower parts to the central part of the body. The result is increased pressure inside the veins. The walls of blood vessels under high pressure pass the liquid fraction of blood into the space between the cells, which leads to the formation of edematous tissues.
Complicating factors aggravate leg edema in heart failure:
To find out how to treat excessive swelling of the tissues of the lower extremities, it is necessary to establish the exact cause of the pathology. The development of a treatment program is carried out after a thorough diagnosis. Research methods – Echo-KG, ECG, laboratory tests of physiological fluids (blood, urine).
Swelling on the legs is a good reason to see a doctor. For patients under dispensary who are aware of their own heart disease, edema means the need for adjustments to the treatment of heart failure.
The reason for the formation of insufficiency is considered to be a weakening of the heart muscle. In this case, medicines are needed that provide energy to damaged heart cells.
Diuretics (diuretics) can help with the removal of excess fluid and can improve blood circulation in the body, which allows you to treat swelling of the legs. Based on the degree of heart damage, the doctor may prescribe the following medications:
Taking diuretics, you do not need to bring the body up to dehydration. This negatively affects the course of heart failure. If you drink vegetable teas with medications, the effect of the tablets increases.
It is imperative to worry about replenishing the mineral composition of the blood and vitamins with dietary nutrition and pharmaceuticals. As a rule, it is advised to take Panangin or medications that contain potassium and magnesium.
It is not necessary to lose sight of the fact that in the treatment of edema in heart failure the mental and physical peace of the patient is significant. With heart failure, the patient needs:
Treatment of leg edema in heart failure is included in the complex therapy of congestion in the body. It is impossible to consider this symptom separately, the influence of the underlying disease is very great. For this reason, the choice of the healing method should be constantly adjusted with the attending doctor.
Cardiac Edema – Treatment with folk remedies
Folk remedies for edema used inside are found in widespread use:
In nutrition, you must adhere to the following rules:
For some, it is enough to change their diet, quit bad habits, turn on physical exercises or massage procedures, adjust the mode of work and rest in order to get rid of leg problems. Others will need urgent qualified medical attention and medication.
A characteristic feature of cardiac edema or cardiac stagnation of blood remains the fact that this symptom worsens during the day. A night’s rest brings relief to the patient.
To conduct treatment, it is necessary to remove excess fluid from the body, normalize the amount of sodium in the blood and support the work of the heart. Traditional medicine will effectively cope with this task.
Large swelling is visible to the naked eye. In order to recognize smaller ones, you can do a simple test: squeeze your fingers over the skin over the tibia. If the resulting fossa will remain for several seconds, this is a sign that the leg is swollen.
Tips for Patients
To reduce leg swelling in heart failure, follow these guidelines:
To reduce puffiness, home remedies are used for external and internal consumption. External preparations tone the vessels and reduce the insight of their walls. Internal remedies remove excess water (they produce a diuretic effect) and normalize blood circulation.
Cardiac edema from renal can be distinguished by the place of puffiness: edema in heart failure primarily affects the legs, while in case of renal edema, the face and eyelids swell first, then the swelling gradually goes down. Cardiac edema of the legs intensifies in the evening, while renal edema after sleep.
Cardiac edema of the feet – treatment at home. Edema on the legs began to appear on the background of heart failure in a man. He turned to the newspaper Vestnik ZOZH with questions; what to do with heart failure, how to relieve swelling, whether the rhododendron plant will help him, about the treatment of edema to which he heard positive reviews.
And in addition to this treatment, folk remedies can and should be used 1. Kalina. Pour 1 cup of viburnum fruits with 1 liter of hot water and boil for 8-10 minutes, filter, add 3 tbsp. l honey. Drink 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day. 2. Mint. 1 tsp mint in 1 cup boiling water, leave for 20 minutes. Drink on an empty stomach 20 minutes before meals. 3 Art. l dry fruits of hawthorn we insist 1 hours in a thermos, bay with 2 glass of boiling water. Take 1-1 tbsp. l 2-3 times a day.
As for rhododendron, it is well established in the treatment of edema in heart failure. But still this is a poisonous plant, and you need to take it under the supervision of a doctor. It is absolutely contraindicated in kidney disease. Therefore, it is better to do with other folk remedies for the treatment of puffiness. (review from HLS 2012 №20 p. 20)
Edema in heart failure – treatment with folk remedies. The man suffered from atrial fibrillation, underwent heart surgery – valve replacement. I was no longer hoping for an improvement, but when I read the article on the treatment of arrhythmias with the extract of hawthorn and rosehip in the healthy lifestyle, I began to be treated with this remedy.
The heart began to work rhythmically after 2 weeks, but does not know what to do with cardiac edema of the legs, so I turned to the newspaper for advice. At first I took furosimide 1 tablet once every 1 days, then I began to take 2 tablet every day, and now it does not help. I tried to treat cardiac edema with folk remedies: boiled carrots, field horsetail, repash, birch leaves.
Alternative treatment of edema in heart failure with horsetail juice. For heart disease, horsetail juice is used. It will help relieve heart swelling of the legs and improve the general condition. To prepare the juice of a plant, it is necessary to collect it early in the morning until the dew has dried. Rinse, scald with boiling water and scroll in a meat grinder, squeeze the juice. Pressed juice is boiled for 2-3 minutes. Store in the refrigerator. Apply 1 tbsp. l 2-3 times a day. (review from Healthy Lifestyle 2010 №18, p. 35)
Swelling of the legs with heart failure will be cured by calendula. A man suffers from heart diseases for many years, and when he comes to see a doctor, he is constantly asked if his legs are swelling. He does not have edema, because for prevention he takes an infusion of calendula flowers. In the “Medicinal Plants Handbook,” he read that calendula helps normalize cardiac activity and reduce edema.
Cardiac swelling of the legs after a stroke and heart attack In bedridden patients after a stroke and heart attack, legs often swell. To help them, you must have at hand a supply of burdock leaves. If it is winter, then dry leaves will do. Leaves should be put in a deep cup, pour boiling water, cover with a plate and put under the pillow.
Home treatment for cardiac edema with parsley. A very effective remedy for the treatment of edema in heart failure is parsley. It is best to use a powder of parsley seeds in dry form at 0, 3 times a day with food. Or a decoction of seeds – 1 tbsp. spoon for 1 cup boiling water, cook for 10 minutes, insist night, take 1 tbsp. l 5 times a day, regardless of food. (recipe from healthy lifestyle 2002 №19, p. 11)
Oregano infusion is a simple folk remedy for heart swelling. If the cause of leg swelling is a violation of cardiac activity, then such a folk remedy, tested for centuries, will help: 1 tbsp. l oregano flowers and 1 teaspoon of European cloves powder pour 500 ml of boiling water, leave for 8 hours. Take 2 tbsp. l every 2 hours, excluding 8 hours of sleep, i.e. 8 times a day. (recipe from healthy lifestyle 2000 No. 11, p. 6)
Alternative treatment of heart edema with water pepper. Water pepper or highlander pepper effectively treats heart swelling of the legs at home. It is necessary to fill in 1 tbsp. spoon of water pepper 1 cup boiling water, insist in a sealed container for 2 hours, strain and take 0,5 cup 2 times a day after meals for three weeks. (HLS 2005 No. 7, p. 30)
Methods of traditional medicine
For the effective treatment of leg edema in heart failure, it is recommended to adhere to precautions: avoid excessive physical exertion, eat right, limit the amount of fluid consumed.
At home, you can remove swelling with simple steps:
Baths and compresses
Raw potato compress is one of the methods for treating cardiac leg edema. Potato tubers are grated. The resulting mass is imposed in a thin layer on the edematous area, on top of it is coated with food or ordinary plastic film. Warming is the final stage of the procedure. To maintain optimal temperature, wrap the leg with a scarf or woolen scarf.
It will be useful to take funds for such recipes:
Infusion of birch leaves This folk remedy is used for edema of renal and cardiac origin. Wash, chop, 100 g of young birch leaves, pour 2 cups of hot (60-70 degrees) boiled water, insist 3-4 hours. Drink 1 glass 2-3 times a day. (HLS 2002, No. 7, p. 7)
Sources used: www.bolezni-koji.ru
Even poorly selected shoes or uneven load distribution lead to various unpleasant consequences, including edema.
Consider the most common types of edema and methods for their treatment at home.
Edema of the legs in the ankle
It is believed that the treatment of foot edema in the ankle can be carried out independently, simply by using diuretics. However, there is one important rule. Before treating edema, consult a doctor – do not self-medicate. After all, diuretic drinks and medicines only eliminate the consequences – the edema itself – but do not fight the root cause.
And the reason most often is blood stasis due to a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle. To combat this, do simple exercises every morning:
All these exercises will be useful regardless of what caused the swelling. No harm from them, but if blood stasis became the cause, then swelling should soon subside.
Often the cause of edema is the wrong lymph flow. This can happen due to a leg injury and for many other reasons. Treatment of lymphatic edema of the legs can be carried out by various means. Among other things, you can use the simple available methods:
Cardiac edema of the legs
The treatment of cardiac leg edema is, first of all, the same struggle with the root cause. In heart failure, it is often recommended that while just placing your legs above the body, so that it is easier for the heart to supply them with blood.
In addition, foot baths, cold compresses or massages are recommended for use.
Of course, in recent years, official medicine has stepped far in many directions, but the treatment of leg edema with simple folk remedies has not lost its relevance and is unlikely to lose.
The thing is that these drugs do not have side effects, unlike the drugs and procedures that you will be offered in the clinic or hospital.
Therefore, we consider the folk methods that are proposed today to treat leg edema.
To prepare the simplest diuretic (diuretic), take half a glass of different juices: carrot, cucumber and lemon. Mix them well. You will get one and a half cups of the simplest diuretic. Dilute it with warm water to an acceptable taste and drink it three times a day.
Recipe from Vanga
Take 30 g of mint and pour 1 liter of boiling water. Leave for about an hour, then cool to room temperature.
It will be enough to drink the infusion in small portions several times a day (from three times or more), so that the edema begins to pass.
Take 1 tablespoon of flax seeds, pour 1 liter of boiling water and cook in a saucepan for 15 minutes. Then let it brew for an hour – you can strain, but not necessarily. You need to drink the infusion every two hours, taking half a glass. After a two-week course of treatment, edema will begin to pass.
Take one part of olive oil and one part of camphor. Mix well. With the resulting composition, treat the legs – from the knees to the tips of the fingers. Then wrap your legs in cotton cloth (not synthetic at all). Wrap a woolen scarf on top, and then leave the compress overnight to warm. This procedure should be carried out daily for a month.
There are several simple recipes for natural baths that help relieve fatigue and swelling of the legs. Unlike many medications, these recipes are completely natural and have no contraindications. You can use them during pregnancy, and in any state of the body:
Treatment with folk remedies at home needs to be supplemented with dietary nutrition. An important principle of diet therapy for heart failure is to limit the salt that retains fluid in the body. Its daily norm is no more than 6 g. At the same time, dishes should be salted immediately before use, and not during cooking.
With heart failure, there is a lack of potassium and magnesium. It is possible to stimulate the process of removing fluid from the body with the help of products containing these components. Therefore, it is recommended to eat cabbage, apricots, bananas, prunes, dried apricots, nuts, seeds, rosehips, pumpkin. Magnesium salts, necessary for the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system, enter the body with dairy products.
It is necessary to reduce the intake of fats, flour products, sweets. Being overweight negatively affects the state of the cardiovascular system, so you should refuse to eat at night. To reduce the pressure exerted by the stomach on the diaphragm, you need to adhere to the principle of fractional nutrition: eat often (5-6 times a day), but in small portions.
How to treat the disease using folk remedies? If severe swelling of the legs is observed, in treatment it is necessary to apply a diet No. 10. In this case, the following will have to be excluded from the menu:
Cooking should be done without salt, adding only the already cooked portion in a plate. It is recommended to include meat and vegetable dishes boiled or steamed in the menu.
Nutritionists advise eating foods that help increase urination:
In order to maintain the balance of potassium and magnesium electrolytes with intensive liquid withdrawal, you need to eat: