Treatment of leg edema in heart failure

Edema of the legs with heart failure is characterized by certain signs that appear briefly, in acute form, or turning into chronic. If you miss the disease at first, the swelling on the legs will become more extensive: they can spread to other parts of the body. The insidious swelling of the legs with heart failure lies in the fact that it is almost not manifested: swelling is noticeable only in the evening. For this reason, many do not go to the doctor, attribute it to other reasons, and the disease progresses.

Distinctive signs of swelling in the legs with heart failure:

  • swelling of the lower extremities begins gradually, from the fingers moving to the upper legs;
  • both legs swell at the same time;
  • the swelling is hard to the touch, when pressed, pits remain, slowly disappearing;
  • legs swell in the evening, and in the morning usually return to their original state;
  • the main site of localization is the ankles and feet;
  • the skin on the legs is very tight, shiny and bursts;
  • cyanosis of the skin, numbness of the extremities.

It must be borne in mind that swelling in the legs with heart failure is most often a secondary manifestation. First there are primary signs:

  • dyspnea;
  • cough;
  • hypertension;
  • arrhythmia;
  • cardiosclerosis;
  • myocarditis;
  • endocarditis;
  • pericarditis.

digokcin - Treatment of leg edema in heart failure

Some characteristic features:

  • An increase in the volume of the lower extremities, the legs swell;
  • Pits and valleys appear when pressed;
  • Cyanosis, dark blue vessels are visible;
  • The skin on the legs becomes pale and cold to the touch;
  • Dyspnea;
  • Slight dizziness;
  • Minor pain in the heart;
  • General weakness of the body;
  • Low or high blood pressure.

symptomatology

With heart failure, the patient suffers not only from edema, but also from shortness of breath, tachycardia, high blood pressure, and fatigue. During the diagnosis of the body, an enlarged liver is detected.

Swelling of the legs with heart failure are characterized by characteristic signs:

  • Gradual prolonged (over several days) and symmetrical increase in the volume of both limbs.
  • The skin remains dense, cold when touched, characterized by a bluish tint. The surface is glossy, shiny, unnaturally stretched. With a strong increase in tissue volume, skin tears may occur.
  • When pressed during palpation, a fairly deep trace in the form of a fossa remains on the surface.
  • Deterioration in the evening. As a rule, after physical exertion – prolonged walking, standing.
  • The predominant area of ​​localization is the feet and ankles. Symptoms usually disappear in the morning after a good rest. If the patient is limited in movement (lies a lot, leads a sedentary lifestyle), there is a spread of edema in the abdomen, pelvis, and sacrum.

Swelling on the legs with heart failure is not the only symptom of pathology. Other manifestations of the disease:

  • general weakness;
  • dyspnea;
  • pain in the heart;
  • tachycardia;
  • increase (less often decrease) in blood pressure;
  • pallor with a bluish tint of skin;
  • enlargement of the liver in size (hepatomegaly).

Further development of the disease is provoked by such pathologies as excess body weight, anemia, cirrhosis and other types of liver damage.

The main symptom of edema on the legs of any origin is an increase in their volume due to the accumulation of excess fluid in the intercellular space. However, edema can occur not only due to heart failure, kidney disease, blood and lymph vessels can lead to their appearance.

There are several signs, the presence of which allows doctors with a fairly high degree of probability to establish what origin has swelling on the legs.

Causes of edemaSymptoms
Edema caused by cardiac diseaseSymmetrical on both legs

Usually occur or increase in the evening, disappearing or decreasing in the morning

The skin may have a bluish tint.

When pressed with a finger, a dent remains in the soft tissues, which slowly recovers

Often accompanied by shortness of breath, especially during exercise

Renal edema on the legsAppear most often in the morning

Accompanied by swelling around the eyes

Soft when pressed

The skin may have a pale tint.

Swelling caused by deep vein thrombosisSudden appearance

One limb is usually affected.

The skin above the site of thrombosis is red, it is hot to the touch

Soreness and hypersensitivity in the affected area

Sometimes they occur under the influence of predisposing factors (recent operations, injuries, cancer)

Edema in chronic venous insufficiencyPersistent swelling on one or two legs

When pressed solid

Brown skin on legs

Discomfort in the limbs

Sometimes trophic ulcers develop

Varicose veins are often observed.

What to do when symptoms appear? The description of the disease begins with a study of the causes that cause it. In the bulk of cases, the inferiority of the functioning of the heart is considered a consequence of heart diseases:

  • acquired heart defects;
  • heart ischemia;
  • high blood pressure.

In rare situations, failure is one of the main symptoms. If progression is observed for a short time, then the pathology is acute. Other cases indicate a chronic form. Excluding heart disease, it is worth noting additional factors that worsen the condition of the patient with heart failure:

  • fever;
  • decreased hemoglobin;
  • bad habits;
  • excessive functioning of the thyroid gland.

For each, the period of formation of obvious insufficiency is personal. The signs of the disease also depend on which region of the myocardium suffers more. However, swelling of the legs is always noted.

Along with this, the following signs have all chances to appear:

  • disturbances in the work of the respiratory system, rapid breathing is noted;
  • pathological conditions expressed in violation of the heart;
  • the patient cannot navigate in space;
  • possible fainting;
  • the skin is pale;
  • the liver grows in size, fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity;
  • swollen veins are visible on the neck.

Edema in the legs with heart failure depends on which area of ​​the myocardium itself does not perform its own function. In all cases, the symptoms have varying degrees of severity; in certain cases, a fatal outcome is even likely.

Cardiac Edema – Treatment with folk remedies

Since the disease is associated with poor functioning of the heart muscle, the treatment is aimed primarily at improving blood circulation. Glycosides drugs cope with this task:

Release form: tablets, suppositories, injections, drops. Glycosides contain plant components that contribute to energy production in myocytes – the cells responsible for the contraction of the heart muscle. The mechanism of action of plants is explained by the fact that the substance of quinine in their composition contributes to the production of cell energy, and the substance glycon controls the process of absorption and dissolution, interaction with proteins.

Glycosides are produced on the basis of a single plant (for example, “Strofantin”, “Digitoxin”, “Digoxin”) or several plant components. Three types of drugs are considered in terms of absorption speed: with a long-lasting effect – “Digitoxin”, medium-long – “Digoxin”, “Celanide” and a quick effect – “Korglikon”, “Strofantin”.

In the initial stage of leg edema in heart failure, treatment is usually prescribed with drugs with a quick action, in chronic forms – with supportive drugs with a longer effect. Only a doctor can determine the degree of damage to cardiac activity, dosage and possible contraindications.

In order to remove excess fluid, diuretics are used – diuretics. They wash away excess sodium salts, while increasing the level of potassium salts. The drugs differ among themselves, mainly, by the duration of exposure or by the method of removing salts from the blood:

  1. “Furosemide”, “Burineks”, “Britomar”, “Uregit”, “Pyretanide” have a quick effect, are used as an “ambulance” for severe symptoms. Urine comes out profusely in a short time. Their disadvantage is that along with sodium salts, useful salts of magnesium, calcium and potassium are washed out. In this regard, “Panangin” or “Asparkam” are simultaneously appointed.
  2. Ezidrex, Indapamide, Brinaldix, Oxodolin have a longer diuretic effect and are prescribed for up to one month. They are much weaker and do not allow very often to empty. A definite plus: minerals useful for the heart are not washed out.
  3. “Pterofen”, “Midamore” is used in case of a threat of arrhythmia or in combination with “Hypothiazide”. These drugs poorly excrete liquid, but retain beneficial potassium salts.
  4. “Spironolactone”, “Aldactone”, “Veroshpiron” – antagonists of the hormone aldosterone, which retains salt in the blood and makes it difficult to remove fluids. For urgent withdrawal of excess water, these drugs are unsuitable, their effect they appear only after 5 days. Assign “Veroshpiron” with endocrine or hormonal disruptions.

It must be borne in mind that the simultaneous use of teas from herbs enhances the effect of diuretics. Due to the fact that fluid is intensively washed out of the body, it is necessary to replenish the mineral composition of the blood and the content of vitamins. To do this, take drugs with potassium and magnesium, for example, Panangin.

In addition to taking medications, the patient needs psychological and physical comfort: you can not overstrain the nervous system, do not sacrifice sleep and breaks for rest, it is enough to move in the fresh air. Edema can be cured only in combination with the underlying disease. That is why you can not self-medicate.

In addition to the listed drugs, the doctor may prescribe sartans: Corvitol, Coriol, ACE inhibitors: Captopril, Enap. Sartans are prescribed for arterial hypertension, left heart ventricular failure, these are new generation drugs. The effect of them occurs in 2-4 weeks, while there is no addiction.

You need to know that swelling of the limbs also happens from the use of certain drugs, during pregnancy, allergic reactions, autoimmune diseases. Taking contraceptives containing sex hormones also provokes fluid buildup in the tissues. Also, medications for high blood pressure contribute to this.

People with leg edema problems should not feel like seriously ill patients, with certain restrictions in nutrition, psychological comfort and sufficient physical activity, the result will be necessary. Drug treatment is carried out in combination with alternative methods and a healthy lifestyle.

How to cure heart failure at home and get rid of edema? First of all, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive study of the body in order to establish the degree of development of the problem. For this, the doctor prescribes an ECG, ultrasound of the heart, laboratory tests of blood and urine. Based on the results of the analyzes, treatment is selected, which includes taking the following aids:

  • Diuretic drugs. They are prescribed in short courses and are used under strict medical supervision. Self-treatment with diuretics will not always help to remove swelling and can even further worsen the patient’s well-being.
  • Angiotensin, aldosterone receptor blockers.
  • Cardiac glycosides. Produce a strengthening effect on the heart muscle.
  • Beta-blockers.
  • Preparations containing potassium and magnesium in an easily digestible form. These substances have a positive effect on the work of the heart muscle.

Medication is the main way to treat heart failure and edema of the lower extremities.

It is necessary to treat not swelling and swelling of the legs, but a disease that leads to their appearance.

The attending physician conducts a full comprehensive examination of the heart, and blood tests from the vein are also given. Cardiac edema must be treated comprehensively, taking drugs that contain potassium and magnesium, but you should not self-medicate, it can be dangerous to health and lead to undesirable consequences.

Products that can be:

  • Any meat, only in boiled form;
  • Boiled eggs;
  • Boiled, unsalted vegetables;
  • A variety of cereals (buckwheat, rice, millet, oatmeal, wheat and corn);
  • Natural juices and medicinal teas;
  • Fresh fruits.
Spicy and salty foodsSeasonings, mayonnaise, ketchup and a variety of sauces
Smoked meatSausage, smoked meat, fish
Fried foodsFried meat, meatballs, chops, fish, potatoes and other vegetables
ConfectioneryCakes, cream cakes, chocolate

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Folk remedies

At home, at the initial stage of swelling of the lower extremities, baths and light foot massages are done. In baths with cool water add fees of herbs of chamomile, peppermint, string. Then smeared with a soothing cream. It is also recommended to raise your legs in an upright position on the roller from the pillow and lie down so for half an hour. All these procedures are done at night before bedtime.

Cooking a decoction of rose hipsTo prepare a broth of wild rose, 100 liter of water is used per 1 grams of dried berries. Rose hips are boiled in an enameled pan with a lid closed for 5 to 10 minutes, then insist 3 hours. Drink about a month 1 glass a day, on an empty stomach, half an hour before a meal.
A decoction of dandelion rootsIt is advisable to buy dandelion roots in a pharmacy or collect in ecologically clean areas. Grind the root, take 4 teaspoons and pour 0,5 liters of boiling water and boil for another 15 minutes, then strain and cool to room temperature. Take 0,25 ml of a glass 4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Oat brothTo prepare a decoction of oats, you only need its grains. 2 cups of oats pour 250 grams of cold water. Leave for 12 hours. Then, after their swelling, add more water to cover the grains and put on a small fire, cook for 1,5 hours under the lid. After cooking, cool, grind and mix with a decoction, boil 1 more time until a thick consistency. Drink half a glass half an hour before meals.
Viburnum infusionTo prepare the infusion of viburnum, you need to bring 3 – 4 tablespoons of the viburnum berries to a boil and insist for 4 hours, then strain. Drink about seven days 4 times half an hour before eating.

Circulatory disturbance is a common cause of fluid retention in the body, leading to leg edema. With heart failure, the outflow of blood from the periphery to the right atrium is difficult, stagnation occurs in the main artery. An increase in venous pressure leads to the fact that fluid from the vessels to the tissues enters through the venous network, causing their increase. Treatment in this case is aimed at eliminating excess fluid, normalizing sodium levels, maintaining heart activity.

Edema in heart failure is a common phenomenon that causes serious physical and psychological discomfort in patients. The lower limbs are most susceptible to fluid accumulation in the tissues. The worse the heart copes with its tasks, the stronger the visual changes in the tissues appear. Let us consider in more detail the causes and methods of treating leg edema in heart failure.

The pathology mechanism is associated with the decompensatory reaction of the body. The heart muscle hardly pumps blood from the lower parts to the central part of the body. The result is increased pressure inside the veins. The walls of blood vessels under high pressure pass the liquid fraction of blood into the space between the cells, which leads to the formation of edematous tissues.

Complicating factors aggravate leg edema in heart failure:

  • Hypoxia (oxygen deficiency). Oxygen starvation of tissues leads to increased permeability of the walls of blood vessels, due to which they easily pass plasma.
  • Renal ischemia also contributes to the formation of edema. Impaired renal filtration causes an accumulation of water and sodium salts in the body.
  • Increased adrenal gland activity. A high concentration of the hormone aldosterone in the urine (can exceed the norm by tens of times) indicates the intensified work of the adrenal glands, which thus respond to a pathological situation. The hormone regulates the water-salt balance and provokes irritation of osmoreceptors, which leads to an increase in the level of the hormone vasopressin. It is this hormone that is responsible for the retention and accumulation of water in the tissues.

Causes

Drug therapy

To find out how to treat excessive swelling of the tissues of the lower extremities, it is necessary to establish the exact cause of the pathology. The development of a treatment program is carried out after a thorough diagnosis. Research methods – Echo-KG, ECG, laboratory tests of physiological fluids (blood, urine).

  • diuretics – Furosemide, Pyretanide;
  • angiotensin receptor blockers, known in medical practice as sartans or geroprotectors – Candesar, Mikardis;
  • aldosterone receptor blockers – Spironolactone, Veroshpiron;
  • beta-blockers – Coriol, Nebilet;
  • medications containing easily digestible magnesium and potassium – Panangin.

Combined therapy aimed at eliminating the causes of pathological changes in the tissues will help to achieve the desired therapeutic effect. If the main cause of puffiness is a weakening of the heart muscle, it is advisable to organize maintenance therapy for myocardial cells. For this, cardiac glycosides are prescribed (Digoxin, Korglikon). Undergoing treatment, the patient is observed by a cardiologist.

Swelling on the legs is a good reason to see a doctor. For patients under dispensary who are aware of their own heart disease, edema means the need for adjustments to the treatment of heart failure.

The reason for the formation of insufficiency is considered to be a weakening of the heart muscle. In this case, medicines are needed that provide energy to damaged heart cells.

Cardiotonic substances from the group of steroid O-glycosides of various classes are certainly used. Dosage is determined only by the doctor. It is necessary to beware of side effects from taking these funds, especially for people of age.

Diuretics (diuretics) can help with the removal of excess fluid and can improve blood circulation in the body, which allows you to treat swelling of the legs. Based on the degree of heart damage, the doctor may prescribe the following medications:

Taking diuretics, you do not need to bring the body up to dehydration. This negatively affects the course of heart failure. If you drink vegetable teas with medications, the effect of the tablets increases.

It is imperative to worry about replenishing the mineral composition of the blood and vitamins with dietary nutrition and pharmaceuticals. As a rule, it is advised to take Panangin or medications that contain potassium and magnesium.

It is not necessary to lose sight of the fact that in the treatment of edema in heart failure the mental and physical peace of the patient is significant. With heart failure, the patient needs:

  • avoid stressful situations;
  • get enough sleep, spending about 8-9 hours sleeping;
  • not physically overstrain, however, keep the body in good shape;
  • take breaks at work;
  • walk more in the fresh air.

Treatment of leg edema in heart failure is included in the complex therapy of congestion in the body. It is impossible to consider this symptom separately, the influence of the underlying disease is very great. For this reason, the choice of the healing method should be constantly adjusted with the attending doctor.

Cardiac Edema – Treatment with folk remedies

Before treating leg edema with folk remedies, a doctor’s consultation is necessary. After a thorough examination and determination of the cause of heart disease, it will become clear how to treat swelling of the lower extremities.

Folk remedies for edema used inside are found in widespread use:

  • Tincture of chestnut leaves (0,5 cups of raw materials per 0,5 l of vodka). It costs a week in the dark, then it is filtered and taken 3 times a day.
  • The root of the barbed needle (1 teaspoon of raw materials per 1 glass of water) is boiled for 15 minutes, it is insisted for a day. Drink in portions several times.
  • The fruits of physalis vegetable eat raw 15 fruits daily.
  • Broth from viburnum: 1 cup of berries is boiled for 10 minutes in 1 liter of water, honey is added (3 tbsp.). For 1 dose, drink 100 ml.
  • Tea with mint, chamomile.
  • Calendula tincture: dilute 50 drops in water, drink 3 months every day before meals.
  • Parsley tincture: 1 tbsp boil raw materials for a glass of water for 10 minutes, insist 10 hours and drink 5 tbsp. in several steps.

In nutrition, you must adhere to the following rules:

  1. Exclude spicy, salty, smoked, fried foods; high fat foods; sweet confectionery.
  2. Salt the dish ready-made, directly in the plate.
  3. Meat and vegetables should be boiled or steamed.
  4. To successfully remove excess fluid from the body, include products that promote urination: pumpkin, apples, carrots and juice from it, teas with viburnum and lingonberries, fresh cucumbers, cabbage, buckwheat porridge.
  5. In order not to disturb the water-salt balance with enhanced excretion of liquid, you need to include baked potatoes, nuts, dried apricots, raisins in the menu.
  6. Drink decoctions of berries and seeds of cherry, parsley, birch buds. It is most convenient to cook them in a thermos in proportion: take 0,5 g of dry raw material per 200 liter capacity.

For some, it is enough to change their diet, quit bad habits, turn on physical exercises or massage procedures, adjust the mode of work and rest in order to get rid of leg problems. Others will need urgent qualified medical attention and medication.

A characteristic feature of cardiac edema or cardiac stagnation of blood remains the fact that this symptom worsens during the day. A night’s rest brings relief to the patient.

To conduct treatment, it is necessary to remove excess fluid from the body, normalize the amount of sodium in the blood and support the work of the heart. Traditional medicine will effectively cope with this task.

Large swelling is visible to the naked eye. In order to recognize smaller ones, you can do a simple test: squeeze your fingers over the skin over the tibia. If the resulting fossa will remain for several seconds, this is a sign that the leg is swollen.

Tips for Patients

To reduce leg swelling in heart failure, follow these guidelines:

  • limit walking during the day, especially if it causes a feeling of tiredness and shortness of breath;
  • prolonged standing up is also harmful to patients;
  • avoid sitting with your legs down, especially on hard chairs (which squeeze the arteries under the knees) in order to eliminate blood stasis caused by the complication of its outflow;
  • reduce salt intake, which helps retain water in the vessels;
  • limit the amount of fluid consumed so as not to increase the volume of blood;
  • several times a day, take a lying position (at least half an hour) to prevent stagnation and the formation of edema in the lower extremities;
  • in a supine position, place the feet and lower legs slightly higher than the position of the body in order to facilitate the outflow of blood, as well as withstand the hydrostatic effect;
  • discard tight socks and shoes;
  • do not take hot baths, as high temperature dilates the veins and contributes to stagnation of blood.

Note that overweight only exacerbates the problem. Therefore, try to get rid of extra pounds.

Treatment

To reduce puffiness, home remedies are used for external and internal consumption. External preparations tone the vessels and reduce the insight of their walls. Internal remedies remove excess water (they produce a diuretic effect) and normalize blood circulation.

Cardiac edema from renal can be distinguished by the place of puffiness: edema in heart failure primarily affects the legs, while in case of renal edema, the face and eyelids swell first, then the swelling gradually goes down. Cardiac edema of the legs intensifies in the evening, while renal edema after sleep.

Cardiac edema of the feet – treatment at home. Edema on the legs began to appear on the background of heart failure in a man. He turned to the newspaper Vestnik ZOZH with questions; what to do with heart failure, how to relieve swelling, whether the rhododendron plant will help him, about the treatment of edema to which he heard positive reviews.

Responsible doctor of medical sciences V.V. Zhelnov. In heart failure, the contractility of the heart muscle is weakened, as a result of which the heart cannot provide the body with the necessary amount of blood. Therefore, some herbs for heart failure can not do. Treatment should be prescribed by a doctor.

And in addition to this treatment, folk remedies can and should be used 1. Kalina. Pour 1 cup of viburnum fruits with 1 liter of hot water and boil for 8-10 minutes, filter, add 3 tbsp. l honey. Drink 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day. 2. Mint. 1 tsp mint in 1 cup boiling water, leave for 20 minutes. Drink on an empty stomach 20 minutes before meals. 3 Art. l dry fruits of hawthorn we insist 1 hours in a thermos, bay with 2 glass of boiling water. Take 1-1 tbsp. l 2-3 times a day.

As for rhododendron, it is well established in the treatment of edema in heart failure. But still this is a poisonous plant, and you need to take it under the supervision of a doctor. It is absolutely contraindicated in kidney disease. Therefore, it is better to do with other folk remedies for the treatment of puffiness. (review from HLS 2012 №20 p. 20)

Edema in heart failure – treatment with folk remedies. The man suffered from atrial fibrillation, underwent heart surgery – valve replacement. I was no longer hoping for an improvement, but when I read the article on the treatment of arrhythmias with the extract of hawthorn and rosehip in the healthy lifestyle, I began to be treated with this remedy.

The heart began to work rhythmically after 2 weeks, but does not know what to do with cardiac edema of the legs, so I turned to the newspaper for advice. At first I took furosimide 1 tablet once every 1 days, then I began to take 2 tablet every day, and now it does not help. I tried to treat cardiac edema with folk remedies: boiled carrots, field horsetail, repash, birch leaves.

But these funds did not help him. He asked to suggest more effective means for relieving puffiness. Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor V. Zhelnov advises the reader to take a decoction of flaxseed from edema – 4 tbsp. l seed pour 1 liter of water and boil for 10-15 minutes, insist 1 hour.

Alternative treatment of edema in heart failure with horsetail juice. For heart disease, horsetail juice is used. It will help relieve heart swelling of the legs and improve the general condition. To prepare the juice of a plant, it is necessary to collect it early in the morning until the dew has dried. Rinse, scald with boiling water and scroll in a meat grinder, squeeze the juice. Pressed juice is boiled for 2-3 minutes. Store in the refrigerator. Apply 1 tbsp. l 2-3 times a day. (review from Healthy Lifestyle 2010 №18, p. 35)

Swelling of the legs with heart failure will be cured by calendula. A man suffers from heart diseases for many years, and when he comes to see a doctor, he is constantly asked if his legs are swelling. He does not have edema, because for prevention he takes an infusion of calendula flowers. In the “Medicinal Plants Handbook,” he read that calendula helps normalize cardiac activity and reduce edema.

Cardiac swelling of the legs after a stroke and heart attack In bedridden patients after a stroke and heart attack, legs often swell. To help them, you must have at hand a supply of burdock leaves. If it is winter, then dry leaves will do. Leaves should be put in a deep cup, pour boiling water, cover with a plate and put under the pillow.

In the evening, before going to bed, get leaves, squeeze a little to glass water. Wrap the patient’s legs with leaves, then wind them with wide ribbons of cotton fabric, on top is polyethylene and an elastic bandage. In the summer, it’s even easier: to break – to soften the leaf veins without damaging the sheet, wrap the leg in 2-3 layers, wrap it. In this treatment, the main thing is for the foot to be hot, not warm, namely hot. By morning, a sore leg becomes as healthy as a healthy leg. (recipe from healthy lifestyle 2006 №15, p. 33)

Home treatment for cardiac edema with parsley. A very effective remedy for the treatment of edema in heart failure is parsley. It is best to use a powder of parsley seeds in dry form at 0, 3 times a day with food. Or a decoction of seeds – 1 tbsp. spoon for 1 cup boiling water, cook for 10 minutes, insist night, take 1 tbsp. l 5 times a day, regardless of food. (recipe from healthy lifestyle 2002 №19, p. 11)

Oregano infusion is a simple folk remedy for heart swelling. If the cause of leg swelling is a violation of cardiac activity, then such a folk remedy, tested for centuries, will help: 1 tbsp. l oregano flowers and 1 teaspoon of European cloves powder pour 500 ml of boiling water, leave for 8 hours. Take 2 tbsp. l every 2 hours, excluding 8 hours of sleep, i.e. 8 times a day. (recipe from healthy lifestyle 2000 No. 11, p. 6)

Alternative treatment of heart edema with water pepper. Water pepper or highlander pepper effectively treats heart swelling of the legs at home. It is necessary to fill in 1 tbsp. spoon of water pepper 1 cup boiling water, insist in a sealed container for 2 hours, strain and take 0,5 cup 2 times a day after meals for three weeks. (HLS 2005 No. 7, p. 30)

Methods of traditional medicine

For the effective treatment of leg edema in heart failure, it is recommended to adhere to precautions: avoid excessive physical exertion, eat right, limit the amount of fluid consumed.

Simple Tips

At home, you can remove swelling with simple steps:

  1. It is necessary to give the body a horizontal position. In the correct position, the head is in line with the body, and the legs are raised at an angle of 30º. As a support, you can use ordinary pillows or a roller twisted from a blanket.
  2. The amount of fluid consumed daily should not exceed 1 liter.
  3. The amount of salt in the diet should be reduced to 0,5 teaspoon per day.
  4. You can do massage of the lower extremities. Intense circular movements are performed in the direction from the toes to the inguinal zone. Particular attention during the procedure should be given to the area of ​​the foot and lower leg.
  5. It is recommended to wear elastic stockings and bandages that stimulate the normalization of blood circulation.
  6. A contrast shower in the morning and before going to bed will help restore normal blood flow.

Baths and compresses

Excellent results in the treatment of leg edema in heart failure give trays prepared according to folk recipes from sage, chamomile, mint, burdock, juniper berries, pine needles or spruce. For the procedure, it is more convenient to take a high bucket so that the submerged feet and lower legs are completely in the healing solution.

Raw potato compress is one of the methods for treating cardiac leg edema. Potato tubers are grated. The resulting mass is imposed in a thin layer on the edematous area, on top of it is coated with food or ordinary plastic film. Warming is the final stage of the procedure. To maintain optimal temperature, wrap the leg with a scarf or woolen scarf.

It will be useful to take funds for such recipes:

  1. If your legs swell with heart failure, regularly use infusions based on birch buds, knotweed, cornflower or seeds and green shoots of parsley. To prepare the infusion, 2 tablespoons of dried, crushed raw materials are poured into 0,5 liters of boiling water and insisted in a thermos for at least 12 hours. The finished drink is filtered and drunk in the morning 30 minutes before breakfast.
  2. To treat swelling of the legs, you can use tinctures from chestnut leaves. Half a glass of raw materials is mixed with 0,5 liters of vodka, insisted for 7 days in a dark place protected from the sun. Admission mode – 0,5 teaspoon strained infusion 3 times daily.
  3. Decoction from the root of the needle. Pour 1 teaspoon of crushed raw material with 200 ml of water, boil for 15 minutes, filter. The finished drink is consumed in several stages with an interval of one day.
  4. Physalis. To normalize the pressure and reduce puffiness, you need to eat 15 fruits of the plant daily without prior treatment.
  5. Decoction of viburnum berries. A glass of fruit and 1 liter of water are mixed, boiled for 10 minutes. Then the drink is cooled and filtered, 3 tablespoons of honey are added to it. Single dose – 100 ml. Take a medicinal decoction 4 times a day.
  6. Make a collection of hawthorn (flowers, leaves), dill seeds, grape leaves (all types of plants 30 grams each), mistletoe, St. John’s wort, carrot seeds (all types of raw materials 20 grams each). A tablespoon of the finished mix is ​​diluted with 0,2 liters of water and boiled for 3 minutes. Dosing regimen – 2 times daily before meals. The volume of a single portion is 100 ml.
  7. Tea with the addition of mint has a pronounced decongestant effect. To prepare it, a teaspoon of dried chopped leaves is poured with boiling water (0,2 liters). The drink is infused for 20 minutes and taken on an empty stomach.

Infusion of birch leaves This folk remedy is used for edema of renal and cardiac origin. Wash, chop, 100 g of young birch leaves, pour 2 cups of hot (60-70 degrees) boiled water, insist 3-4 hours. Drink 1 glass 2-3 times a day. (HLS 2002, No. 7, p. 7)

Sources used: www.bolezni-koji.ru

However, before starting to treat the appeared swelling of the legs with folk remedies, it is necessary to find out the exact cause of this ailment. Indeed, edema can occur due to stagnation of blood, and due to improper lymph flow, and due to disturbances in the cardiovascular system.

Even poorly selected shoes or uneven load distribution lead to various unpleasant consequences, including edema.

Consider the most common types of edema and methods for their treatment at home.

Edema of the legs in the ankle

It is believed that the treatment of foot edema in the ankle can be carried out independently, simply by using diuretics. However, there is one important rule. Before treating edema, consult a doctor – do not self-medicate. After all, diuretic drinks and medicines only eliminate the consequences – the edema itself – but do not fight the root cause.

And the reason most often is blood stasis due to a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle. To combat this, do simple exercises every morning:

  1. Perform a “bicycle” for a minute so that the blood is better distributed over the legs.
  2. Rotate your feet in different directions, flexing your joints.
  3. Spread and bring your toes back together.
  4. Walk on the floor on toes (without shoes) to train your foot.

All these exercises will be useful regardless of what caused the swelling. No harm from them, but if blood stasis became the cause, then swelling should soon subside.

Often the cause of edema is the wrong lymph flow. This can happen due to a leg injury and for many other reasons. Treatment of lymphatic edema of the legs can be carried out by various means. Among other things, you can use the simple available methods:

  • massage of the ankles and feet;
  • limiting the amount of salt in the diet;
  • physical therapy classes;
  • swimming and regular water treatments.

If the lymphatic flow is not restored for a long time, then it makes sense to try a more intensive treatment.

Cardiac edema of the legs

The treatment of cardiac leg edema is, first of all, the same struggle with the root cause. In heart failure, it is often recommended that while just placing your legs above the body, so that it is easier for the heart to supply them with blood.

In addition, foot baths, cold compresses or massages are recommended for use.

However, all this is relevant only for mild heart failure. In more severe forms, it is necessary to constantly monitor cardiac activity, and also use the same diuretics to remove excess fluid from the body.

Of course, in recent years, official medicine has stepped far in many directions, but the treatment of leg edema with simple folk remedies has not lost its relevance and is unlikely to lose.

The thing is that these drugs do not have side effects, unlike the drugs and procedures that you will be offered in the clinic or hospital.

Therefore, we consider the folk methods that are proposed today to treat leg edema.

To prepare the simplest diuretic (diuretic), take half a glass of different juices: carrot, cucumber and lemon. Mix them well. You will get one and a half cups of the simplest diuretic. Dilute it with warm water to an acceptable taste and drink it three times a day.

Recipe from Vanga

The famous prophetess Vanga, who lived to the most advanced years, always looked after her health. To combat the swelling of the legs, she left the descendants for edification a medical prescription, which is simple, like all ingenious. Mix one egg yolk and about 3 grams of milkweed juice. You need to drink this mixture three times a day – it is not very pleasant in taste, but it perfectly removes edema.

Peppermint infusion

Take 30 g of mint and pour 1 liter of boiling water. Leave for about an hour, then cool to room temperature.

It will be enough to drink the infusion in small portions several times a day (from three times or more), so that the edema begins to pass.

Flax infusion

Take 1 tablespoon of flax seeds, pour 1 liter of boiling water and cook in a saucepan for 15 minutes. Then let it brew for an hour – you can strain, but not necessarily. You need to drink the infusion every two hours, taking half a glass. After a two-week course of treatment, edema will begin to pass.

Warming compress

Take one part of olive oil and one part of camphor. Mix well. With the resulting composition, treat the legs – from the knees to the tips of the fingers. Then wrap your legs in cotton cloth (not synthetic at all). Wrap a woolen scarf on top, and then leave the compress overnight to warm. This procedure should be carried out daily for a month.

There are several simple recipes for natural baths that help relieve fatigue and swelling of the legs. Unlike many medications, these recipes are completely natural and have no contraindications. You can use them during pregnancy, and in any state of the body:

  1. Mix equal proportions of mint, birch leaves and chamomile flowers. Take 100 g of the mixture and pour 1 liter of boiling water. Insist for an hour, then dilute with hot water (up to 38 degrees) and soar your feet for 10 minutes.
  2. Take 100 g of juniper berries, 100 g of sea salt and 1 tablespoon of dry mustard. Pour two teaspoons of baking soda, pour the mixture with a liter of water and mix. Dilute with hot water and soak your legs to relieve fatigue.
  3. Herbal decoctions or sea salt may also be used individually. They can be used with contrasting baths: you need to take turns to place your feet in hot or cold water.

Baths are considered in folk medicine one of the most effective anti-swelling remedies.

nutritional care

Treatment with folk remedies at home needs to be supplemented with dietary nutrition. An important principle of diet therapy for heart failure is to limit the salt that retains fluid in the body. Its daily norm is no more than 6 g. At the same time, dishes should be salted immediately before use, and not during cooking.

With heart failure, there is a lack of potassium and magnesium. It is possible to stimulate the process of removing fluid from the body with the help of products containing these components. Therefore, it is recommended to eat cabbage, apricots, bananas, prunes, dried apricots, nuts, seeds, rosehips, pumpkin. Magnesium salts, necessary for the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system, enter the body with dairy products.

It is necessary to reduce the intake of fats, flour products, sweets. Being overweight negatively affects the state of the cardiovascular system, so you should refuse to eat at night. To reduce the pressure exerted by the stomach on the diaphragm, you need to adhere to the principle of fractional nutrition: eat often (5-6 times a day), but in small portions.

How to treat the disease using folk remedies? If severe swelling of the legs is observed, in treatment it is necessary to apply a diet No. 10. In this case, the following will have to be excluded from the menu:

  • spicy, fried and salty foods;
  • smoked products;
  • fatty foods;
  • fatty dairy products;
  • sweet dishes.

Cooking should be done without salt, adding only the already cooked portion in a plate. It is recommended to include meat and vegetable dishes boiled or steamed in the menu.

Nutritionists advise eating foods that help increase urination:

  • boiled pumpkin or juice squeezed from it;
  • carrots and juice made from it;
  • tea made from lingonberry or viburnum;
  • cucumbers;
  • cabbage salad;
  • buckwheat porridge;
  • apples.

In order to maintain the balance of potassium and magnesium electrolytes with intensive liquid withdrawal, you need to eat:

With the appearance of edema in heart failure, treatment involves the systematic use of drugs. Do not quit therapy after withdrawing symptoms.

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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