Urine is a waste product of the body, and its composition depends on the correct functioning of organs and systems. The presence of a large amount of salt in the urine of a child, especially when a sediment is constantly observed, can indicate the development of certain pathologies.
In the analysis results, the number of different salts is indicated by pluses. The presence of one or two is not a deviation from the norm, and their content is within the range of acceptable values. The deviation from normal values is three to four pluses. In this case, an additional examination is prescribed, since the excess of the norm may be associated with the use of certain products.
The following types of salts can be detected in the urine of a child:
Exceeding the normal level of oxalate content is diagnosed most often and arises from several reasons. Their presence in the urine indicates a violation of metabolic processes, the basis for the development of which was an increase in acidity. Also, this type of salt can appear with intoxication of the body, diabetes mellitus, inflammation of the kidneys and urolithiasis.
They are formed from uric acid and, with an increased content, give urine with physical exertion, fever, diarrhea, dehydration, the consumption of a significant amount of mushrooms, fish or by-products.
In the analysis of urine in children, they are found with the regular use of products that contain a large amount of phosphorus. Diseases that can cause changes in the level of this type of salt include cystitis, vomiting, hyperparathyroidism and fever.
- Salts of hippuric acid.
Liver diseases, urolithiasis, diabetes mellitus and the use of plant foods are characterized by a high content of hippuric acid salt. Long-term use of antipyretic drugs also becomes the basis for the increased content.
- Calcium sulfate.
Exceeding the norm is established in the presence of diabetes of the first or second group, as well as after consuming a significant amount of melons, apricots, lingonberries and blueberries.
Causes and symptoms
Excess urine salts in children can be observed for various reasons. These include:
- Various chronic diseases.
- Urogenital system infections.
- Dehydration of the body as a result of illness.
- Chronic and congenital kidney pathology.
- Metabolic disease.
In addition, an increase in the concentration of salts is observed when the functioning of the excretory system is disturbed. In this case, the following symptoms are noted:
- Pain in the abdomen and lower back. Painful sensations can be paroxysmal or intensify while walking.
- Change urine flowers. With increasing salt content, it becomes darker in color.
- The presence of blood in the urine. This symptom may indicate the development of more serious diseases and disorders.
- Diarrhea, vomiting, burning during urination.
- Decreased appetite.
- Sleep disturbance.
In some cases, parents notice that the child often began to go to the toilet or potty, but there is little or no urine output.
After establishing the cause of the high salt content in the urine, the doctor prescribes the necessary treatment.
Why the indicators are exceeded, only a specialist can say after a detailed examination. The course of therapy largely depends on the cause of the increase in indicators and on the type of salts. Drug therapy involves taking the following drugs:
- With the predominance of oxalates in urine, vitamin complexes, magnesium oxide and “Pyridoxine” are prescribed.
- In the case when the child has a violation of the digestive system and vomiting, “Pyridoxine” is administered intravenously.
- If the norm of phosphates is exceeded, the intake of drugs that reduce the secretion of gastric juice is indicated. Large amounts of salt increase the risk of kidney and bladder stones.
- If a lot of urate is found in the urine, it is recommended to change the diet. The reasons for exceeding the norm can be in disruption of the intestines, helminthic invasion or dysbiosis. Blemaren is often prescribed to reduce the acidity of urine.
If normal values are exceeded, it is recommended to follow a diet, the features of which are determined by the type of salts. Drinking plenty of fluids, cabbage, cereals, seafood and vitamin D are indicated with a large amount of oxalates. If an increase in urate content is detected, experts recommend introducing fruits, eggs, and dairy products into the diet. But with a significant content of phosphates, these products should be excluded from the diet.
The reasons for exceeding the norm of the content of salts of various types in the urine of a child are rooted in various disorders of the digestive system, diet and the development of diseases of the genitourinary system. It is very important to start treatment in a timely manner, as this will help avoid serious consequences. Treatment involves taking medications that are prescribed only by the attending physician, as well as adhering to a special diet. But in some cases, the increase in salt may be associated with the nutrition of the child. It is important for the doctor to make sure in this case that the baby’s health is not threatened by anything, for which an additional examination is prescribed.
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