An increase in platelet count in the blood leads to thrombocytosis. This is a serious disease that causes blood clots. With this disease, the platelet count reaches approximately 500000 per mm3. The cause of the disease may be the production of platelets in the bone marrow, slowing down their decay, impaired cell movement in the bloodstream.
Thrombocytosis can develop into thrombosis, characterized by poor blood circulation and vascular obstruction. The treatment of thrombocytosis is the prevention of thrombosis and the treatment of the underlying disease, which causes an increase in platelet count.
Thrombocytosis, as a rule, proceeds without external manifestations and is detected only after a blood test. Sometimes people with elevated platelets
experiencing dizziness, headaches, numbness of the upper or lower extremities.
Primary thrombocythemia is more often diagnosed among women and men over 50. However, young people are also not immune from rising levels.
blood cell data. A significant increase in the number of platelets (more than 1000 * 109 cells / l) contributes to their more active “bonding”
and increases the risk of thrombosis.
Blood clots can lead to stroke, heart attack, or obstruction of vital arteries. If an elevated platelet count is detected
be sure to consult a doctor to establish the true cause of this condition and its treatment.
- Platelet norm
- Symptoms and manifestations of thrombocytosis
- Deviation diagnosis
- In detail about the increased platelet count in a woman’s blood
- Elevated platelets in adults: treatment
- Complications and consequences
- Causes of Secondary Thrombocytosis
- Diet for thrombocytosis
- Thrombocytosis classification
The platelet norm in women varies depending on age and various physiological processes. In addition, there is a small daily change in platelet values. The maximum performance was observed in the evening hours, and the minimum – in the morning.
|Age||Minimum g / l||Maximum g / l|
|children up to 12||150||350|
|children from 1-1,5 years old and above||180||320|
|Before 16 years||160||390|
|16 – 25||180||380|
|26 – 35||180||400|
|36 – 60||180||340|
Elevated platelets in the blood of women, the causes of which are due to various pathologies or physiological processes, are diagnosed with poisoning of the body, severe stress. Thrombocytosis appears due to the rapid growth of platelets in the bone marrow, slow decay, and impaired blood flow through the vessels.
According to statistics, every year out of 200 people, 1 dies from thrombosis. Thrombocytosis is an independent disease, but may be the result of various diseases. To make a diagnosis, qualified diagnostics and comprehensive treatment aimed at preventing the disease and eliminating its causes are required.
The occurrence of a viral infection in the body is the first cause of thrombocytosis. In 1 μl of blood, up to 1 million cells are observed.
Various infectious diseases can provoke such a high rate:
- fungal diseases;
- other viral diseases.
When an infection gets into the body, it begins to actively produce antibodies, to attract hormones to help, which contribute to the rapid increase of platelets in the blood.
Thrombocytosis is a hematological abnormality that provokes a disruption in the functioning of bone marrow stem cells. It leads to accelerated platelet production and limits their breakdown.
An increase in the platelet count in the blood often occurs due to a deficiency in the body’s iron. Chronic erythremia or myelogenous leukemia is a transitional stage to thrombosis. These pathologies are susceptible to people over 60 years of age, but sometimes thrombocytosis is determined in children.
Elevated platelets in the blood of women, the reasons for which are surgery, are explained by the stress state, which acts as a catalyst for the disease. Particularly increase platelets after surgery if a person has a malignant tumor.
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Significant blood loss also contributes to an increase in “blood platelets,” as platelets are called. The body directs its actions to the maximum compensation of losses. The indicator decreases only in the first few hours after bleeding, but after a day the platelet level is significantly higher than normal.
Inflammation is a significant factor that triggers platelet growth. Such an increase is due to an increase in the level of interleukin, which promotes the formation of a special hormone – thrombopoietin. This hormone is a regulator of the vital activity of platelets, namely, maturation, division and release into the blood.
Pathologies that increase blood viscosity include:
- autoimmune inflammation of the vascular wall;
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- inflammatory liver problems and others.
Leukemia cells can accumulate in the liver and spleen, increasing their size. This is expressed in the appearance of fullness or swelling of the abdomen. In the normal state, these organs are protected by the lower ribs, but when they enlarge, the doctor can feel them.
A third of platelets accumulate in a healthy spleen. After its removal, the volume of blood distribution with artificial platelet growth is reduced. A similar condition is observed with asplenia, when there is no spleen.
Elevated platelets in the blood of women and men are one of the most serious results of the development of tumor processes in the body.
The reason also lies in the therapy carried out against tumors, of which the following are dangerous:
A comprehensive examination, including an x-ray of the chest and an ultrasound of the abdominal organs, will be able to diagnose a specific disease. An increase in “blood platelets” can be life-threatening, since it leads to the formation of blood clots and clogging of blood vessels.
There are many reasons for the increase in platelets. Finding a connection with the sources of the disease is sometimes not easy. The doctor needs to see the results of the analysis of the patient, as well as study the card of his illnesses, comparing with the current state of health.
In the postpartum period, doctors explain the increased platelet count by the desire of the body to make up for blood loss. Therefore, increased thrombocytosis in the bone marrow is observed. After a while, the situation independently normalizes. Blood loss during the birth of a child is not considered a pathology, but the body is trying in every possible way to make up for the deficiency of blood cells.
Any deviation of the platelet count from the norm means a health problem. For this reason, tests are prescribed annually to identify the disease on time. In women, the indicator varies depending on her condition and age.
The increased properties of blood to the formation of blood clots is a danger to women older than 50 years. Excess platelet count is observed with essential thrombocytosis. The disease first manifests itself with small subcutaneous hemorrhages, sometimes there is a demon of symptoms. Only analysis will accurately establish its presence.
With this disease, the digestive tract is affected, which is accompanied by internal bleeding. With a light blow, bruises appear that do not heal for a long time, and hemorrhages form ulcers on the skin. An increase in platelets increases the risk of thrombosis, and this is especially dangerous after 60 years.
The platelet norm in women varies depending on age and physiological processes such as the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. In addition, there is some daily fluctuation in platelet values. The highest indicators are recorded in the evening hours, and the lowest value is detected in the morning.
Platelet counts in healthy female representatives:
- In newborn children, indicators are slightly increased – from 150000 to 420000;
- In children under the age of 12 months, indicators range from 150000 to 350000;
- Platelet counts in children older than 12-18 months are the same as in a healthy adult woman – 180000 – 320000.
Platelet counts in women depending on physical condition:
- During menstruation, the number of these blood cells decreases to 50% (70000 – 170000);
- In pregnant women, the values have a wide range – from 100000 to 420000;
- In postmenopausal women, platelet counts range from 110000 to 349000.
Often, elevated platelets in the blood of women are detected. The reasons for this are different. They carry out the main function in the body, and also maintain blood in a liquid state and prevent its coagulation.
If the platelets are above normal during pregnancy, then this is a dangerous condition that can lead to complications.
Therefore, you need to know what causes can provoke an increase in blood levels in women.
A disease with an increase in platelets is called thrombocytosis. With this ailment, blood thickens and blood clots can form in the vessels.
What causes increased blood platelets in women:
- various inflammations (tuberculosis, rheumatic diseases, ulcerative colitis);
- with hemolytic anemia, when red blood cells are destroyed;
- severe blood loss (with injuries or with surgery);
- spleen disease or its removal;
- oncological diseases;
- taking potent drugs;
- anemic condition with iron deficiency.
Violations of the blood can be observed during pregnancy. The reason lies in a weakened immune system and its protective functions. The female body becomes vulnerable to various infections, so the level of platelets in the blood can be increased. They can also drop sharply, it all depends on the state of health.
The postpartum state of a woman can also provoke an ailment. Indeed, heavy blood loss depletes the body, resulting in increased blood viscosity. Therefore, if women are accompanied by copious discharge, measures must be taken to restore blood loss. This is a natural process. You should be wary of elevated platelets.
It is not difficult to detect thrombocytosis during pregnancy, because a woman is under the supervision of a doctor and undergoes regular blood and urine tests. If a disease is suspected, a consultation with a hemostasiologist is required, he can prescribe an analysis to determine thrombosis (coagulogram).
An overestimated indicator for thrombocytosis during pregnancy occurs for the following reasons:
- with severe toxicosis, which is accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea;
- exacerbation of chronic diseases (anemia, blood diseases);
- strong release of antibodies to phospholipids.
A high platelet count is very dangerous not only for a pregnant woman, but also for the unborn baby. A woman can develop varicose veins, and blood clots appear in the vessels.
Due to the density of blood and its viscosity, the fetus has a risk of oxygen starvation, the consequences of which are very detrimental, as premature births or fetal death can occur.
If the baby is born, then pathological processes may occur.
If the platelets in the blood are elevated during pregnancy, then treatment should be started and all doctor’s recommendations should be followed in order to avoid serious consequences. It is worth monitoring the level of platelets in the blood of women.
First of all, pay attention to constant bleeding. They can be from the nasal passages, as well as from the anus.
Pain can also occur in the limbs on the arms and legs. In some cases, constant itching of the skin is observed. All these signs can indicate a serious pathology.
Symptoms and manifestations of thrombocytosis
As a rule, the appearance of pathological symptoms is characteristic of the primary form of the disease. Secondary thrombocytosis is not manifested by specific symptoms. Most often, signs of a primary pathology are revealed, which led to an increase in the amount of these blood cells.
The increased platelet count in the blood of women may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Constant weakness, fatigue;
- Frequent causeless bleeding. They can be of various localization: uterine, intestinal, nasal, renal, gingival. Blood can be detected in feces after defecation, urine turns pink or red. A woman develops intermenstrual bleeding;
- Subcutaneous hematomas are detected, although there are no apparent reasons for their appearance. This symptom is especially important for children;
- Numbness of the extremities, pain in the fingers;
- Headaches that bother regularly;
- Vision problems;
- Itchy skin, it is easy to confuse it with an allergic reaction or other skin pathologies. In this case, a comprehensive diagnosis is required;
- The skin becomes bluish, small swelling can be detected.
A blood clot, consisting of a mass of “sticking” platelets, clogs the vessel and becomes an obstacle to the normal blood supply to an organ or part of the body.
That is why the level of platelets in the blood is an extremely important indicator that helps diagnose various diseases.
Platelets are the smallest blood cells that perform important functions.
The reasons why a patient is diagnosed with platelets above normal are many. Thrombocytosis can develop due to bleeding – external or internal. The body responds to blood loss with increased production of platelets so that they can close the defect in tissues or blood vessels and stop the blood loss. This is a kind of protective reaction of the body caused by a direct threat to it.
The level of platelets in the blood also increases with stress, severe excitement, during the scandal. It increases with impaired bone marrow cell function, with injuries and during surgical operations, that is, always when there is a risk of blood loss.
Overweight and obesity, alcohol abuse contribute to the increase in platelet count. But the most dangerous reasons for increasing such indicators are serious diseases:
- Oncological lesions of the kidneys or liver.
An increase in the level of red blood cells accompanies such conditions and diseases, as the following:
- Chronic myeloid leukemia.
Any significant change in platelet level in the direction of decrease or increase indicates violations in the body and can threaten health and even life. Therefore, when such deviations are detected, an accurate diagnosis is necessary to identify the exact cause of the violation.
Thrombocytosis is not any increase in platelet count, but only that which has been held at high rates for a long time.
Slight fluctuations in the number of these cells in the blood can be caused by physiological causes, for example, thirst or drinking. Also, the platelet level fluctuates naturally during the day, but these jumps cannot be considered significant violations, as they relate to normal physiological manifestations.
The following symptoms may be considered signs of thrombocytosis:
- Headache, cramping, dizziness.
- A person suffers from weakness, which can sometimes be very pronounced.
- The patient may experience various vision problems.
- Particles and streaks of blood can be found in the stool.
- Bleeding from the nose.
- Increased bleeding gums.
When such signs appear, you need to seek the help of a hematologist and undergo a comprehensive comprehensive examination.
High platelet count may be a sign of a dangerous pathology.
If platelets above normal are kept at a high level, this may indicate the presence of very dangerous diseases. They are manifested by cyanosis, a tendency to bleeding and the appearance of bruises and bruises even with a light touch, skin itching, shortness of breath, vegetative-vascular dystonia.
With a high level of platelets, the patient is threatened with thrombosis, that is, the formation of large dense blood clots that clog the lumen of the vessel.
Such conditions threaten the development of some deadly diseases:
- Pulmonary embolism.
- Heart attacks and many others.
Each of these diseases poses a huge threat to the health and life of the patient. Vascular thrombosis of the limbs can cause the development of gangrene, and this is a direct path to amputation. Strokes and heart attacks are the main causes of death, especially in people aged 50 years and older.
Platelets above the norm are an alarming indicator, but it is ambiguous, not indicating a specific disease or disorder. To accurately determine the causes, a comprehensive diagnosis is necessary.
Complete blood count to determine platelet count
For this purpose, the following methods and analyzes are used:
- A blood sample for platelets, which is done three times at intervals of 3 to 5 days to obtain accurate data.
- A blood test for the level of iron contained in it.
- Test for the presence and amount of C-reactive protein.
- Urinalysis is a general one.
- Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs.
In some cases, the doctor may prescribe some additional studies and tests to clarify the data obtained and make the diagnosis. Their number and direction depends on the individual characteristics of the patient’s body and is selected as necessary.
The treatment of thrombocytosis is primarily aimed at getting rid of its cause, that is, the underlying disease.
At the primary stage, there are no symptoms of manifestation, but the secondary form has pronounced manifestations, because occurs against the background of the development of chronic inflammatory processes.
Such manifestations are characteristic here:
- acute stage of a chronic disease;
- general health is getting worse;
- problems with blood vessels;
- bruises and bruises not associated with bruises;
- heaviness in the hypochondrium on the right;
- shortness of breath and tachycardia;
- migraine and hypertension.
Most patients learn about the manifestation of the disease from the results of a clinical blood test. It is important that the primary form of the disease can develop into a chronic stage. A patient with secondary thrombocytosis complains of symptoms that are associated with the underlying disease. She is quickly diagnosed, treated promptly, and it doesn’t come to blood coagulation.
For the diagnosis of primary thrombocytosis, the results of a general blood test are used. Characteristic signs of impaired hematopoiesis are an increase in size, a change in structure and an increase in the number of platelets up to 3000 g / l, as well as iron deficiency in the body.
If the platelets in the blood are elevated, then for a more detailed diagnosis of the state of coagulability, two types of coagulogram are used:
- A general or basic coagulogram can confirm abnormalities in the plasma shaped elements involved in coagulation. In the laboratory, the coagulation rate of plasma, the number of cells and chemicals involved in the coagulation and anticoagulation processes are studied.
- An expanded coagulogram establishes the cause of thrombocytosis using specific plasma parameters, such as the level of proteins, fibrinogen, antithrombin, von Willebrand factor, etc.
If primary thrombocytosis is suspected, bone marrow tests are performed, namely an aspiration biopsy or trepanobiopsy.
To confirm the causes of secondary thrombocytosis, it is necessary to conduct a series of examinations of internal organs:
- ultrasound examination of the liver, spleen, organs of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs;
- X-ray of the lungs, etc.
The purpose of the diagnosis of thrombocytosis is to search for the pathology that caused the increase in platelet count, as well as methods for its treatment.
With a high probability, this list of studies that conduct a patient with thrombocytosis will help determine deviations from the norm:
- collection of information with identification of episodes of thrombosis in the past;
- general blood test with determination of platelet count;
- biochemical study of markers of inflammation;
- ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs;
- X-ray examination of the chest organs in order to detect inflammatory changes, tumor lesions, etc .;
- study of the digestive tract to exclude tumor damage;
- research of rheumatic diseases.
The doctor listens to the patient’s complaints, identifies diseases previously transferred. External examination is mandatory, it covers visual observation of the skin, the presence of hematomas. The specialist palpates the liver and spleen with his fingers.
Treatment of the disease is prescribed by the combined results of a clinical examination and visual examination of the patient. If the patient needs it, he will be referred to doctors of a narrower specialization: traumatologist, gastroenterologist, nephrologist or infectious disease specialist.
In order for the treatment to be of high quality, it is necessary to conduct a full examination, which includes a number of diagnostic measures:
- First, you need to conduct an examination with a therapist. He should ask the patient about complaints and past illnesses;
- Take a series of laboratory tests:
- Clinical blood test to determine the number of platelets, white blood cells, hemoglobin level;
- General urinalysis to detect hematuria (the presence of blood in the urine), an analysis according to Zimnitsky and Nechiporenko to identify inflammatory pathology of the kidneys;
- Fecal occult blood test.
- Ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs;
- It is necessary to consult a gynecologist to exclude pathology from the female genital area;
- Hematologist consultation.
With elevated platelets, patients are referred for a comprehensive examination. With its help, it is possible to determine what triggered such changes in the circulatory system and what measures should be taken to eliminate the violation. Based on the results of the diagnosis, the doctor will decide what to do and what treatment tactics to resort to.
It should be understood that with thrombocytosis, therapy is significantly different from the tactics used with thrombocytopenia, that is, a low platelet count in the patient’s blood. Comprehensive diagnostics consists of:
- mandatory external examination of patients;
- delivery of samples for platelet testing;
- aspiration biopsy of bone marrow samples;
- bone marrow trepanobiopsies;
- oncological examination in order to identify or refute the fact of the presence of malignant tumors.
Based on the results of the examination, the doctor will determine what type of thrombocytosis your particular case refers to. It is divided into two types:
- Primary. In this case, high platelets are caused by dysfunctions of human bone marrow cells. The characteristic symptomatology with such a violation is practically absent. In rare cases, headaches and a deterioration in overall health are possible.
- Secondary. In this case, thrombocytosis occurs as a symptom of an ongoing disease, acts as a consequence of surgery or a side effect of the improper use of a medication.
Based on the diagnosis, appropriate treatment is prescribed.
In detail about the increased platelet count in a woman’s blood
The platelet norm during pregnancy is from 150 to 400 x 10⁹ / liter. The indicator of blood platelets in all trimesters differs depending on the individual characteristics of the body.
If the platelets are elevated in the first trimester, this may be the result of toxicosis, frequent vomiting and dehydration. In the second and third trimester, the natural causes of a high content of blood platelets in plasma are insufficient water in the diet.
During pregnancy, the cause of the increase in indicators may be antiphospholipid syndrome – high blood coagulability caused by antiphospholipid antibodies, resulting in the formation of blood clots in the veins and arteries.
Antiphospholipid syndrome has serious consequences, such as miscarriage, missed pregnancy, placental infarction of the fetus, mental and physical disorders in a newborn baby.
An increased platelet count in the blood in the first months after childbirth is normal, which is caused by significant blood loss during labor, as well as abundant postpartum discharge.
In cases where the level of platelets in the blood is elevated, this can lead to thromboembolism, an acute blockage of blood vessels that often occurs after childbirth (in 30 women out of 1000). A high risk of thromboembolism is observed with the influence of the following factors:
- cesarean section;
- age over 40 years;
- the presence of autoimmune collagenoses (systemic lupus erythematosus);
- venous congestion;
- kidney disease.
The presence of platelets in the blood determines its viscosity, on which the regenerative function of the hematopoietic system depends. In the male body, platelet count is much higher than in women.
However, in the female body, platelets can be overestimated. Why this happens, how it manifests itself and what measures to take, we will analyze further.
- Age – the older a woman becomes, the more physical processes in her body fade away. While in a young body, with the rapid formation of the hormonal background, the indicators can be completely different, and this will be the norm.
- Cycle phase – if blood sampling is performed during menstruation or a few days after it, the indicators may be higher or lower than average, due to increased platelet production during blood loss of various etiologies.
- The presence of chronic inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs (candidiasis, ureaplasmosis, trichomoniasis) – if there is inflammation, even the most minor, then platelets are produced by bone marrow cells more actively.
- Pregnancy – during the period of hormonal adjustment, the number of platelets increases, because the protective function of the body is triggered.
In the case when the results of blood tests from a finger revealed a platelet count of more than 400 thousand / μl, there is reason to conduct a more detailed examination. The most dangerous increased platelet count during pregnancy.
If you do not start treatment in a timely manner, this threatens to terminate the pregnancy and cause large bleeding.
Hematopoietic problems, in which more platelets are produced than the body needs, are called thrombocytosis. Active synthesis of these cells occurs in the bone marrow, where a signal is received about the need to increase production. Such failures and platelet activation can be associated with various pathologies and diseases:
- The presence of chronic diseases: tuberculosis, syphilis, gonorrhea, cirrhosis.
- Inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs – even a commonplace thrush in a neglected form can cause an increase in platelet index.
- Surgical intervention with the loss of a large amount of blood.
- Oncological diseases of the hematopoietic system.
- Blood cancer.
- Frequent respiratory diseases due to reduced immunity.
The number of nuclear-free cells can also increase due to the intake of certain drugs that enhance their synthesis.
Physiological states are also distinguished, during which the number of platelets increases, but this does not indicate the presence of pathologies. This includes:
- menstruation period;
- the period of hormonal formation (12-15 years);
- period of pregnancy;
- menopause period.
The danger of developing thrombocytosis is that too thick blood, due to the increased content of platelets in it, can condense, forming clots.
These blood clots can stick together, turning into blood clots. The latter are attached to the inner walls of blood vessels, disrupting the natural blood flow.
With strong physical exertion and a sharp increase in pressure, blood clots can come off, freely moving through the vessels, exactly until they reach the heart.
The main hematopoietic organ is not able to process a blood clot, and an increased load can provoke myocardial infarction, after which in most cases a fatal outcome is observed.
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It should be noted that elevated platelets in the blood of women can be a manifestation of not only the pathological process, but also the physiological characteristics of the body. However, in such cases, units above the norm will be insignificant, which in itself does not pose a threat to human life.
If there is a suspicion of an increase in platelets in the blood of women, the reasons can only be determined by a doctor by conducting the necessary diagnostic measures – based on the results of the tests, an effective treatment will be prescribed.
The causes of elevated platelets in the blood in women can be different. There are three main groups of the etiological picture of the pathological process:
The reasons for the increased blood components in a woman of the primary type may be due to pathological processes in the red bone marrow:
- malignant neoplasms;
Secondary reasons that platelets are elevated in women:
- uterine bleeding;
- inflammatory diseases in the body;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- oncological processes of the digestive or respiratory system;
- infectious diseases of a chronic nature or long-term;
- autoimmune or systemic pathologies;
- septic processes;
- reception of hormonal contraceptives;
- frequent aborted abortion;
- the presence of parasitic diseases.
As for the group of etiological factors, the increased platelet content in a woman’s blood may be due to the following factors:
- extensive intoxication of the body;
- dehydration due to repeated vomiting and diarrhea;
- insufficient amount of fluid in the body;
- improper nutrition – a meager diet that does not contain the necessary trace elements, vitamins and minerals.
The average platelet volume is increased if the indicator exceeds 400 thousand / μl for an adult. For newborns this is a threshold of 420 thousand / μl, and for children after a year and up to six years – 320 thousand / μl.
Determine the reason that platelets in the blood are elevated, can only be a doctor by conducting the necessary diagnostic measures. It is impossible to carry out treatment on your own, because according to the clinical picture alone it is impossible to determine what excess indicators are and what acts as a provoking factor.
Platelet counts in women
If the deviation from the norm is insignificant, the symptomatology is absent or is weak. It should be noted that the clinical picture of the pathological process itself will be supplemented by specific signs that are characteristic of the root cause factor.
Collective symptomatic complex will be characterized as follows:
- bleeding for no apparent reason – uterine discharge outside the menstrual cycle, nosebleeds, discharge from the gums;
- numbness of the limbs, a feeling of cold;
- weakness, growing malaise even after a long and full rest;
- frequent headaches, dizziness;
- constant feeling of tiredness, painful appearance;
- subcutaneous hematomas that occur without prerequisites;
- skin can acquire a bluish tint;
- decreased visual acuity, the appearance of flies, rainbow circles in front of the eyes.
Symptoms of the root cause factor will be present. The clinical picture will be mixed, it is nonspecific in nature, therefore, it is impossible to compare symptoms and treatment on their own – such measures can cause serious complications. Determining the level of platelets in the blood is the responsibility of only the doctor.
Consultation of such specialists will be required:
- medical geneticist.
Other specialists may be involved in accordance with the current clinical picture.
The diagnostic program includes the following activities:
- physical examination of a general practitioner, that is, a general practitioner;
- general and detailed biochemical blood tests;
- general urine analysis and urinalysis according to Nechiporenko;
- analysis of feces for occult blood;
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs and abdominal cavity.
Depending on the symptoms, the clinical picture may be adjusted. Based on the diagnostic results, the doctor can determine why platelets in the blood are elevated and how to eliminate this factor.
How to lower platelets in the blood correctly, only a doctor can say. With this pathological process, several methods are combined:
- taking medication;
- the use of folk remedies – only after consultation with your doctor.
The medical part of the treatment includes drugs of this spectrum of action:
- antiplatelet agents;
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory;
If taking medications does not give the desired result and there is still an increased platelet count in the blood, thrombocytapheresis can be used. This is a special procedure that involves the removal of a certain amount of platelet mass from the blood.
Be sure to follow a diet. The following foods will have to be excluded from the diet:
- red meat;
- fatty, fried, marinades and smoked meats;
- rose hips;
- carbonated drinks;
Elevated platelets in adults: treatment
Along with drugs, alternative methods are also used to treat such a disease.
An effective element in the fight against thrombocytosis is ginger, the preparation method of which is as follows:
- Grind natural ginger into powder.
- Mix with cane sugar in equal parts.
- 2 tbsp. l pour 250 ml of boiling water into the mixture.
- Take before dinner in small sips.
In addition, folk doctors recommend using the following ingredients for the preparation of medicinal medicines:
- a decoction of Ginko Biloba leaves, which is taken 2 times a day;
- cocoa without milk and sugar should be drunk before meals in the morning;
- tincture of garlic (2 chopped heads pour 200 g of vodka and leave to infuse for 1 month). Drink 1/2 tsp. 2 times a day;
- the use of leeches;
- make gruel from garlic, onion, honey and lemon and consume 1 tsp. 3 times a day.
It is necessary to lower platelets with folk remedies in combination with a diet and traditional medicine.
Traditional medicine offers various recipes for infusions, decoctions and teas to reduce blood coagulation. However, it should be remembered that such treatment methods should be carried out only after consultation with the treating doctor. Otherwise, you can harm the body, exacerbating the course of the disease.
The most popular and simple recipes for traditional medicine:
- Cocoa Drink Cocoa powder should be made from natural cocoa beans, a product for instant cooking is not suitable in this case. The drink is boiled in water. It must be unsweetened, so you can not add sugar and other sweeteners. Drink a drink on an empty stomach in the morning;
- Tea from ginger root. The root must be grated, take 1 tablespoon and pour 200 ml of boiling water. Boil tea for 5 minutes. You can add a little honey to the finished drink. This volume must be drunk in parts during the day;
- Tincture with garlic. Peel and crush 2 medium heads of garlic. In the resulting garlic gruel, add 200 ml of vodka. The mixture is infused for 30 days, after which the medicine is taken twice a day for 0,5 teaspoon.
The treatment regimen for elevated platelets in adults depends on a number of factors, primarily on the cause of the increase in their number. If platelets
increased as a result of the disease, the doctor prescribes treatment aimed at eliminating it.
If the underlying disease is not detected in an adult, the doctor prescribes preparations containing aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). They thin the blood and
lower the level of blood platelets.
Anticoagulants are prescribed for the same purpose. Medicines that can lower platelet levels in the blood should be taken only under the supervision of a doctor
– Their uncontrolled intake can cause bleeding.
Diet alone is not able to normalize elevated platelets, however, the right diet along with treatment will help
quickly bring the level of these cells in the blood back to normal. To lower platelets in the blood help:
ac >By the way, according to studies, the regular use of garlic in food not only dilutes the blood, but also helps the resorption of existing blood clots.
Green and ginger tea will also be beneficial for adults who have elevated platelets. The diet should include whole grain products and meat.
Food that thickens blood should be excluded from the diet: bananas, aronia, mango, pomegranate, lentils, rose hips, walnuts.
To normalize the level of these blood cells, in addition to diet, the following rules must be observed:
- maintain the correct drinking regimen – since the blood consists of 90% water, with its lack (norm for an adult is 2-2,5 l / day)
the blood thickens, and the concentration of platelets in the blood increases;
- control the level of blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol – high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes increase the risk of blood clots;
change your diet to reduce already elevated cholesterol;
- quit smoking, as substances in cigarette smoke contribute to blood clots (WHO recommendations on how to quit smoking).
Limit stressful situations and set yourself in a positive mood – this helps the body cope with emerging problems, in particular, increased platelets.
GGT: increased, normal general blood count, bilirubin level increased, normal albumin: normal, increased, lowered
If it was revealed that the patient has increased quantitative and qualitative platelet counts in the blood, it is necessary to formulate an individual therapeutic tactic. The basis of treatment can be drug therapy. It consists of:
- Anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents. These are medicines whose function is to reduce blood coagulation.
- Thrombocytopheresis. This is a special medical procedure in which the patient removes excess blood plaques using a medical device. Blood cell separators are used often enough if the disorder is associated with the primary form of thrombocytosis.
- Reception of interferons. They are prescribed to patients by the course, the duration and features of which are determined individually.
- The use of a special drug such as “Anagrelide”, which acts directly on megakaryocytes and reduces the concentration of blood cells.
- Hydroxyurea. A special group of drugs that are prescribed in combination with other drugs.
If this is a secondary type of thrombocytosis, then the patient should be accurately diagnosed, identify the underlying disease and formulate an effective and adequate treatment for it. By eliminating the root cause of the elevated platelet count, it will be possible to cope with violations in the circulatory system.
Not so often thrombocytosis has to be treated in an inpatient setting. The patient receives prescriptions, recommendations and advice from the attending physician, and the treatment process takes place at home. When treating at home, it is important to adhere to several rules and tips aimed at reducing platelet concentration. This is possible only in situations where the patient is not in a critical situation, there are no dangerous pathologies, and indications for inpatient finding have not been identified.
If the doctor has allowed treatment at home, several basic rules are required:
- Try not to eat a lot of fatty meat. Use diet varieties. The amount of fish, poultry and meat consumed is best minimized by replacing them with legumes and dairy products. Fractional and separate nutrition is more beneficial.
- Do not eat anything that should be cooked by frying. Fries and even frying on a small amount of oil will harm your health.
- Nothing fat. This applies to any food that contains a large amount of vegetable and animal fat. The only exception is fish oil, which in the case of thrombocytosis only helps.
- Exclude spices, spicy foods, all kinds of flavor enhancers, preservatives, sweeteners. Food should be as natural, nutritious, full of nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
- Deficiency of vitamins, minerals and trace elements is allowed to compensate for drugs. But only after agreement with the attending physician.
- Focus on fruits and vegetables. It is advisable to use seasonal crops in the diet. It is allowed to use them in baked and boiled form, but they bring the greatest benefit raw.
- No soda. Although it is important to consume enough water per day, you should not use a carbonated mineral water for this. Replace it with mineral still water.
- Every day for a person with thrombocytosis, the recommended norm of water consumption is 2 liters minimum.
- Fresh berries. If possible, try to eat berries every day. The most useful are dogrose, currants, sea buckthorn and raspberries. They are available fresh not all year round. In winter, you can replace the frozen ones. In various jams and jams, the benefits are not so significant.
- Decoctions and infusions. The most useful are infusions and decoctions made from the roots of peony, ginger, nettle and celery. They are easy to cook with your own hands at home. Just consider the presence of allergies and individual intolerance to the components of these medicines.
- Strictly follow the instructions of your doctor. Often, patients stop taking medications ahead of time, feeling relieved. There are those who continue to receive funds after completing the prescribed course. In both cases, this will lead to negative consequences. Incomplete treatment and overdose potentially threaten your health.
It is categorically impossible to ignore the fact of an increase in platelets. The most severe consequence is the formation of a blood clot in the veins, vessels and arteries. Sometimes they come off and close the lumen, because of which local inflammation appears, edema forms and the passage for blood is blocked. Against the background of thrombosis and clogging of blood vessels, heart attacks, strokes, thromboembolism occur.
So if the next preventive examination showed an elevated level of blood cells, this indicates serious violations and a potentially dangerous disease. It is necessary to undergo mandatory comprehensive diagnostics to accurately determine the causes of thrombocytosis and prescribe adequate treatment.
Complications and consequences
- Thrombosis. Blood clots can form in vessels of various sizes. This can lead to tissue necrosis and gangrene of the limbs. In this case, the organs lack nutrition and oxygen. This condition is especially dangerous for pregnant women and the fetus (miscarriages, hypoxia in a child and woman, fetal malnutrition, death of a child, placental abruption, uterine bleeding);
- Thromboembolism. If the blood clot comes off, then with the flow of blood it enters the organs or vital vessels. In this case, emergency conditions may arise that require immediate medical attention and hospitalization:
- Kidney infarction;
- Myocardial infarction;
- Pulmonary embolism (pulmonary embolism);
- ONMK (acute cerebrovascular accident).
The prognosis is favorable with the early detection of pathology. With a late visit to the doctor, the likelihood of developing the above complications is high. In severe cases, a fatal outcome is detected.
- thrombosis, in which blood clots form in various vessels. This can lead to tissue necrosis and gangrene of the extremities, as organs do not receive enough nutrition and oxygen. This condition is especially dangerous for pregnant women and the unborn baby (miscarriage, placental rejection, and others);
- thromboembolism, as a result of the detachment of a thrombus, with a blood stream “brings it” into organs or vital vessels. Conditions may arise that require immediate medical attention and hospitalization (heart attack, kidney and lung failure).
The article discusses in detail the reasons for the increase in platelet levels in the blood of women.
With increased platelet counts in women, you can not self-medicate. Although an increase in platelet count in women may have several reasons, most of which are physiological, a timely scheduled physical examination will help to avoid serious complications of thrombocytosis and prevent its development.
- thrombosis of blood vessels – hepatic vein, finger artery, mesenteric artery;
- Mitchell’s disease – manifested by sharp expansion or narrowing of the vessels of the limbs, swelling of the fingers and toes, bouts of burning pain in them;
- attacks of coronary heart disease;
- heart attack.
High platelet counts are observed with megakaryocytic leukemia. The degree of thrombocytosis reaches 1000 – 4000 * 109 / L. Platelets are sharply increased during sepsis, when their values reach 1000 * 109 / L.
Long-term analysis values are noted after splenectomy. Within 2 days after the operation, the population of this population may increase to 1500 * 109 / L. High platelets after surgery on the spleen can last up to 2 months.
Upon receipt of an injury, significant internal bleeding, the PLT values decrease in the first minutes, but after 20 minutes the compensatory mechanisms that increase platelets in the blood are started in the body. Platelet count after injury returns to normal within 2 weeks.
Causes of Secondary Thrombocytosis
In the pathology of secondary thrombocytosis, the number of blood platelets increases, which is most often caused by chronic diseases.
The causes of this disease are as follows:
- low-grade tumors;
- operations for diseases associated with tissue necrosis;
- bone fractures;
- heavy bleeding;
- infectious diseases;
- prolonged use of glucocorticosteroids;
- long inflammatory process.
A significant cause of secondary thrombocytosis is a meningococcal infection, which often develops in children. In the presence of anemia associated with iron deficiency, the likelihood of such thrombocytosis increases several times.
Diet for thrombocytosis
Diet therapy is widely used to treat thrombocytosis. It aims to thin the blood. For this purpose, it is recommended to increase the amount of fluid consumed: pure water, fruit drinks, fruit drinks, freshly squeezed juices, herbal teas.
The diet must include foods rich in B vitamins and magnesium, as they prevent the formation of blood clots:
- Onion and garlic;
- Fruits and berries: citrus fruits (orange, lemon, pomelo and others), currants, sea buckthorn;
- Vegetables: tomatoes, celery, cabbage;
- Nuts and dried fruits: figs, almonds, cashews, hazelnuts;
- Vegetable oils: olive and linseed;
- Cereals: oat, barley;
- Fish and seafood, seaweed.
You must also consider the list of products that you need to refuse:
- Fried, greasy, salty and smoked foods;
- Alcoholic and sweet carbonated drinks;
- Buckwheat and lentils
- Fruits: pomegranate, mango, banana;
- Berries: dogrose, chokeberry.
In this article, you learned about the symptoms and causes of increased platelet counts and how to lower their blood levels in women.
There are a number of recommendations that are useful for stabilizing the number of platelets in the blood. The effect will be positive only if all points are completed at the same time.
- diet – eating at the same time throughout the day, taking into account individual characteristics, needs and distribution of proteins, fats and carbohydrates;
- rejection of foods with a lot of carbohydrates and fats;
- the inclusion in the diet of products that reduce and normalize the level of platelets containing iodine and organic acids;
- consumption of clean drinking water daily.
The menu should contain:
- vegetable oil;
- onion garlic;
- fish fat;
- green vegetables
- persimmons, tomatoes;
- cottage cheese, cheese, kefir;
- cereals and legumes;
- liver and other offal;
- seafood and kelp.
In addition, natural herbal tea, orange, pomegranate, tomato juices, decoctions of fresh berries are useful.
Thrombocytosis is classified into 3 types:
The first two species are characterized by a similar pathogenesis – the disease develops due to a violation in the stem cells. With the clonal form, cells affect tumor processes, platelets begin to form uncontrollably, and their effect with other cells of the system is disturbed. A tendency to thrombosis appears.
Primary thrombosis occurs due to disruption of the brain stem cells, in which the proliferation of hematopoiesis is recorded. In this risk group are elderly people. The secondary view develops against a background of chronic pathologies that bother the patient.
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