First aid for tachycardia at home

Tachycardia is generally divided into:

  • Sinus. In this embodiment, the main generator is a sinus node. It forms an impulse that causes the heart to contract. With an increase in node activity, sinus tachycardia develops. The main characteristics of this condition:
  • Maintaining the correct rhythm of the sinus;
  • Gradual onset, completion of the attack;
  • Heart rate exceeds 90 bpm.
  • Ectopic develops in the presence of a lesion outs >

Treatment of cardiac tachycardia with folk remedies is the use of herbs and herbal remedies that have a calming and vasodilating effect. It is optimal to use the following traditional medicine in the form of infusion or tinctures:

Hawthorn with tachycardia has good sedative and vascular effects, helping to reduce heart rate. Soothing herbs help eliminate emotional stress and relieve stress.

Folk remedies for tachycardia should be used for prophylactic purposes: herbal preparations are good for prolonged and regular use. An onset of an attack is best treated with effective tachycardia pills prescribed by a doctor. An effective option for primary therapy is vagal techniques.

As for the varieties, tachycardia can be sinus, physiological. It occurs most often after serious physical exertion, it is only necessary to remove them – and she leaves.

There is a pathological tachycardia. This species is divided into ventricular and supraventricular. The first subspecies is considered to be the most dangerous for humans, and all because it causes disturbances in blood circulation, pulmonary edema can occur, and the patient loses consciousness. The main cause of this pathology is coronary heart disease.

As for supraventricular tachycardia, it occurs in people suffering from hypertension, heart disease and thyroid pathologies. This subspecies appears with the following symptoms:

  • cardiopalmus;
  • dizziness;
  • discomfort in the chest area – heaviness;
  • weakness in the body.

An attack can begin suddenly, but what to take with tachycardia, how to help a person whose symptoms indicate an ailment, and by what signs can a problem be determined?

Features of the course in adults and children

The appearance of tachycardia in adults and children has its own characteristics of occurrence and course. In childhood, tachycardia often accompanies rapid growth and active development of the body, which leads to an imbalance between immature vessels and changes in heart volume.

The causes of tachycardia in both adults and children are physiological and pathological factors.

  1. In the first case, it is a natural reaction of the body to emotional arousal, stress, physical activity.
  2. In the second, the cause is various organic lesions.

In general, tachycardia in preschool years is considered the norm. In childhood, in the absence of pathological causes, she does not need treatment and usually passes with the achievement of puberty. How to treat tachycardia in adolescents depends on the diagnosis.

Symptoms and signs of a tachycardia attack

Tachycardia is primarily characterized by a sharp onset of an attack. Literally in a minute, the heartbeat can increase to 220 beats / min. The patient begins to clearly feel the heart rate. When listening to heart sounds sound more intense, in some cases they can be accompanied by systolic murmur. An attack is determined by taking a pulse measurement.

If there is an acceleration of heart rate, additional signs may appear such as panic attacks, dizziness, fainting. The patient speaks of a strong pulsation in the throat. Additionally, symptoms such as:

  • General weakness;
  • Dyspnea;
  • Darkening in the eyes;
  • Bouts of fear;
  • Tingling sensation at fingertips;
  • Sweating.

Also, wave-like pain develops in the chest. In some cases, patients can characterize it as compressive. The patient may be in a state of tension, nervousness, shock. There is a fear of death or a premonition of an attack. Due to the transferred experiences, sleep is disturbed.

The attack can be physiological. A physiological attack is not a symptom of diseases of the cardiovascular system. It can occur if a person experiences a deep emotional shock, after physical exertion, with an increase in body temperature.

Overeating, hot flashes during menopause in middle-aged women, allergies, lack of sufficient oxygen in the air – in the mountains, on the plane, in poorly ventilated rooms – can also cause an increased heartbeat.

Sign
m that the increase in heart rate is caused by physiological reasons, is the absence of pain behind the sternum. The pulse does not exceed the maximum allowable frequency. In order to determine it, you need to subtract the patient’s age from 220. For example, at 60, the maximum allowable heart rate is 220-60 = 160 beats per minute.

If the sinus node is working correctly, then the heartbeat will be within normal limits. When heart rate rises, a tachycardia attack develops. It is always sudden and sharp, it can occur both day and night. It is impossible to confuse him with anything, because the heart is pounding like mad.

This leads to a panic fear of dying, a person begins to sweat intensively, and is even more aggravated by wave-like pain in the chest.

It can be characterized by different intensity and severity. Even a short-term attack, which passed quickly, for a long time takes a person out of balance. He becomes nervous, shocked, and his sleep restless.

Even for an ordinary person, this condition is dangerous, and even more so for pregnant women and children.

symptomatology

This condition happens suddenly, which scares the patient and others. With excitement, heart rate increases even more, which worsens the condition. Therefore, at the first manifestations, when the attack is about to begin, you need to try to relax and calm down as much as possible.

  • Increased heart rate, sensation of pulsation in the neck;
  • Heaviness and aching pain in the heart;
  • Dizziness;
  • A feeling of constriction in the throat, lack of air;
  • Dizziness, headache caused by lack of oxygen;
  • Feeling of cold or numbness in the limbs;
  • Sweating
  • Weakness, severe fatigue.

At the first sign of an attack of tachycardia, regardless of whether it happened for the first time or repeatedly, you need to call an ambulance. Only a doctor will be able to assess the patient’s condition and prescribe medications that will help to recover faster, minimize consequences and avoid a recurrence of the episode. While waiting for doctors, you need to give the patient first aid.

The most important sign of tachycardia is a sharp jump in heart rate, in some cases up to 185 beats per minute. Heart sounds will sound intense, sometimes systolic murmurs can slip through them. A pulse measurement will confirm the patient’s sensations. In addition, tachycardia is accompanied by:

  • shortness of breath;
  • severe weakness;
  • darkening in the eyes;
  • profuse sweating;
  • numbness and tingling in the limbs, especially in the upper;
  • a panic attack.

The disease has its own characteristic manifestations, among which the following are most often noted:

  1. If a person has trembling fingers at the time of the attack with his arms extended forward, then this symptom may indicate that he took a large number of medications or, independently, without consulting a doctor, started taking a medication that does not suit him.
  2. With tachycardia, which manifests itself quite often, a sharp loss of body weight can be observed. In this case, the reason may be associated with the use of hormonal drugs, as well as drugs that suppress appetite.
  3. During an attack of tachycardia, severe sweating can be observed, then the most likely reason is that the patient took a large dose of caffeine.
  4. With tachycardia, nervousness can be observed, in this case it provokes smoking, physical activity.

Tachycardia can be caused by stress, excessive drinking, insomnia, and overwork.

Pathology may indicate that a person has serious health problems, such as:

  • inflammatory process affecting the heart muscle;
  • high blood pressure;
  • disorders of the thyroid gland;
  • decrease in sugar level.

But in order to accurately say what to take with tachycardia, it is necessary to seek the help of a doctor so that he finds out the exact cause of this condition and prescribes the correct therapy. But at the time of the attack, you can help a person yourself.

It’s not at all difficult to understand that an attack begins: the expression “it seems that the heart is now jumping out” perfectly characterizes tachycardia. An attack always starts abruptly, and the frequency of strokes increases with each second. In addition, the head begins to spin and hurt, a person sweats a lot, shortness of breath appears.

Tachycardia: what is it and how to treat it

Therapy of the pathology will depend on a number of factors: the type of tachycardia, the cause that caused it, the presence of complications, the severity of the condition, and other similar nuances. If we talk about the basic principles of the treatment of the disease, then they imply:

  • Treatment of underlying malaise, which provokes abnormal heart muscle function;
  • Analysis and subsequent correction of the psycho-emotional state of the patient;
  • Conservative treatment, involving the use of therapeutic and drug therapies.

By therapeutic is meant the normalization of lifestyle, maintaining healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition, eliminating the influence of risk factors on the body. It is especially important to abandon substances and products that stimulate and disrupt the functioning of the heart. And therefore, when receiving a cardiologist, you need to talk about all types and names of drugs that a person uses or has used over the past month.

In cases where drug therapy does not give the desired effect or is insignificant for the overall clinical picture of the pathology, the cardiologist can prescribe more radical ways to eliminate this pathology. Surgical methods are commonly used, including:

  • Radiofrequency ablation;
  • Installation of a cardioverter-defibrillator;
  • Installation of a pacemaker.

Hybrid therapy, including several types of treatment at once, shows high efficiency. But only a doctor can paint it, taking into account the patient’s condition and subject to regular monitoring of the patient’s condition. It is also worth considering that tachycardia can be dangerous to humans, especially if it is a supraventricular type. In this case, an ambulance is surely called with the subsequent hospitalization of the patient.

Along with drug treatment, an individually selected daily regimen for the patient and diet are prescribed. Patients should be excluded from life stressful situations and physical activity. You can not drink tea, coffee, alcohol. The liquid is taken at a strict dosage in order to minimize the load on the heart.

An increase in heart rate is a consequence of tachycardia. Its occurrence can be associated both with the natural reaction of the body to external stimuli and be a symptom of the development of serious pathological processes.

The heart rate in a healthy person is up to 80 beats per minute. Their increase of more than 90 indicates the development of tachycardia. In a healthy person, it passes, as a rule, asymptomatically and in most cases is not felt and arises as a natural physiological reaction of the body.

This reaction of the body occurs to the release of adrenaline, accompanying the activation of the sympathetic nervous system. This occurs during exercise, the use of stimulating drinks based on caffeine, stressful situations, etc. Exceeding the threshold of more than 100 beats per minute can be accompanied by:

  • dizziness;
  • sensations of a heartbeat;
  • shortness of breath;
  • pains in the left side;
  • excessive sweating;
  • lack of air.

The manifestation of any symptoms and a deterioration in overall health against the background of tachycardia may indicate a pathological etymology of this process.

Treatment begins with a compulsory examination by a cardiologist, passing an examination and establishing a cause. Depending on the diagnosis, a treatment regimen is prescribed.

To carry out treatment at home, it is imperative to consult a doctor to determine the cause of tachycardia. Only after the examination and confirmation of the diagnosis, a treatment regimen is selected, and recommendations of a specialist are given.

At home, in addition to taking medications, the patient is required to comply with the general requirements to exclude tachycardia attacks in the future.

  1. It is necessary to ensure complete peace: both physical and emotional. Psycho-emotional disorders and stress can be triggering factors for the development of attacks of tachycardia. Therefore, it is important for the patient to be in a favorable positive atmosphere.
  2. The room where the patient is located should be well ventilated.
  3. Nutrition should be varied and balanced. The diet should include fresh vegetables, fruits, cereals, lean meats. Preference should be given to gentle heat treatment methods: cook by boiling, steaming and baking. Limit the intake of sugary, fatty, spicy foods and caffeinated drinks. Food should be fractional and in small portions, 5-6 times a day.
  4. Physical activity should be minimal, daily walking outdoors is recommended.

How to relieve a tachycardia attack at home:

  1. Provide peace.
  2. Rinse your face with cold water. Massage the eyeballs, inhale and exhale deeply, then take a deep breath again, hold your breath and exhale, closing your mouth and nostrils. This method is called – Valsalva test.

As a first aid for tachycardia, the patient can take corvalol, valocordin, tincture of valerian, as well as several tablets of glycine under the tongue.

Any other medicines are prescribed individually, depending on the diagnosis, since their action is directed not so much at stopping the attacks, but at eliminating their causes. Tablets from tachycardia and other therapeutic drugs can conditionally be divided into several groups:

  • antiarrhythmic drugs;
  • beta blockers;
  • cardiac glycosides;
  • sedatives.

Often there is such a thing as low blood pressure and heart palpitations. It can be caused by a number of reasons:

  • profuse blood loss;
  • pregnancy;
  • shock condition;
  • mixed vegetative-vascular dystonia.

The tactics of treatment and measures to prevent attacks do not fundamentally differ. It is necessary to establish and eliminate the causes of low pressure and tachycardia arising from its background. Medicines are selected that do not cause a decrease in blood pressure.

As preventive, antiarrhythmic, restorative agents, decoctions and tinctures are used.

Surgical intervention can effectively cope with tachycardia, but only if there are additional foci of the disease. So, for example, the patient has a flickering arrhythmia, which is located in the area of ​​the pulmonary veins. After laser coagulation, a stable remission is observed in most patients.

With constant attacks of ventricular tachycardia, the doctor recommends the installation of a cardioverter-defibrillator, which, using a current discharge, leads to short-term cardiac arrest. This device is placed in the subclavian region on the right or left side under the skin.

Electric pulse therapy

Many people care about the serious question of what to take with heart tachycardia. Medications do not always help, charging also did not give the desired relief, so what should I do? In severe cases, the doctor conducts electropulse treatment – this is when a charge of current can bring the patient back to life. This technique is most effective for patients with ventricular tachycardia, in which death can occur without emergency care.

But only a doctor can use this technique, because it starts with an indirect heart massage, and a discharge is used, which gradually increases. If this technique is used immediately after cardiac arrest, then in 95% it shows an excellent result.

Medications

The correct treatment of cardiac tachycardia with high blood pressure includes medications prescribed by a doctor that have a hypotensive effect: only by lowering blood pressure, you can ensure a decrease in heart rate. Additionally, antihypertensive drugs provide improved coronary blood flow and reduce the risk of life-threatening complications. In the absence of high pressure, Validol or Corvalol can be taken to eliminate an attack of frequent heartbeats.

Medication is indicated for prolonged attacks of tachycardia. A properly assembled first-aid kit should be in every home and there should be drugs in it to normalize the work of the heart. Assess the causes of the ailment. If it is an allergy, then take antihistamines. These include: Suprastin, Claritin, Fexofenadine, Alerzin, Aleron Neo, Levocetirizine, Diazolin, Cetirizine, Fexadine.

Severe stresses, as the causes of tachycardia, sedatives will help to stop. They need to be taken for a long time, you can start drinking Valerian and Motherwort, especially such a treatment is indicated for a hyperactive child. They normalize the state of the nervous system. Possible reception:

  • Potassium bromide;
  • Laikan;
  • Sodium bromide;
  • Novo-Passit;
  • Persen forte;
  • Sanason;
  • Phytorelax.

And what to do with an attack of paroxysmal tachycardia? This type of heart failure is very dangerous. It is stopped mainly by medications. But it is better to deliver a sick person to the nearest hospital, where they will take proactive measures that will not allow a heart attack to develop.

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Tachycardia in children

What to do with a tachycardia attack in a child? First aid should be provided as professionally as possible. In no case can you give serious medications yourself. Compliance with age-related doses of antiarrhythmic drugs is the key to quality assistance. If possible, immediately call the “ambulance”.

  • Symptoms of a tachycardia attack
  • How to quickly remove tachycardia at home?
  • How to relieve an attack: first aid for tachycardia

Medication intake

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With tachycardia, agents are used to help eliminate or reduce the severity of symptoms. Can be taken with tachycardia:

  • Sedatives: Lotus, Corvalol, tincture of valerian, motherwort and so on;
  • Beta-blockers: Praindolol, Praktolol;
  • Preparations with a similar effect used for hypersensitivity of the thyroid gland: Diltiazem, Verapamil;
  • Cardiac glycoside for heart failure: Digoxin;
  • To stabilize the rhythm, Verapamil, Cordaron is used intravenously.

The doctor may separately prescribe tranquilizers, antipsychotics, ion channel blockers, depending on the symptoms, the underlying disease, and many other factors.

Pills for tachycardia can be drunk on your own only if previously prescribed by a doctor.

Self-medication in this matter is dangerous. You can reduce the ventricular or supraventricular rhythm of the heart so much that it will stop it.

The doctor makes an appointment only after a thorough examination and a clear definition of side effects and contraindications of certain drugs.

Beta-blockers that take first place in the treatment of tachycardia. They are drunk at the chosen course. More often prescribed Anaprilin or Egilok. Their effect on the body is as follows:

  • reduce the frequency and strength of the heart rhythm;
  • relax the walls of blood vessels;
  • lower blood pressure;
  • reduce the oxygen consumption of the cellular tissue of the heart muscle;
  • the body becomes easier to tolerate physical activity;
  • prevention of paroxysmal tachycardia.

Inhibitors of calcium channels, which prevent calcium from penetrating into the cellular tissue of blood vessels. They expand, which makes blood flow better, and heart rate returns to normal. Even with supraventricular tachycardia, these drugs are taken only under the supervision of a doctor, as they can provoke heart failure. Most often prescribed Verapamil, Corinfar or their analogues.

Potassium blockers. With them, the increased pulse is normalized, since the potassium blocker affects the electrical processes taking place in the heart. However, these drugs do not differ in quick action, and most often they have a large list of contraindications. Therefore, their selection is quite strict and depends on the type of rapid heartbeat:

  • ventricular, ciliary tachycardia – a course of Amiodarone or Cordarone;
  • unsystematic tachycardia – Sotalol administration;
  • atrial flutter – Dofetilide tablets.

Preparations for stabilizing the membranes of the heart. They slow down the heart rhythm, since the active substances provoke a malfunction in the transport of sodium, potassium, calcium ions through the membrane of the heart fibers. This leads to a weakening of contractions and a decrease in excitability. The body produces fewer electrical impulses for contractile function. These drugs include quinidine, lidocaine, disopyramide tablets and their analogues.

Often, periodic attacks of tachycardia are ignored until well-being becomes critical. And then the cardiologist faces an incredible task not only to save the patient’s life, but also to improve its quality. In serious situations, this is quite difficult, and sometimes impossible.

Anyone who has repeatedly faced such a problem as a tachycardia attack perfectly understands that if no measures are taken, then this condition can become a serious health threat. It is impossible to say exactly what helps with tachycardia – medications, exercises, herbs, until the doctor finds out what is the reason for this condition.

  • beta-blockers that help relieve arousal and calm the nervous system;
  • “Cordaron” is a drug that allows you to block several channels at once: potassium, sodium and calcium (in addition, this tool is great for flickering arrhythmias and life-threatening ventricular tachycardia);
  • ATP can also be administered intravenously very quickly, which ultimately relieves pain in tachycardia and reduces the pulse rate, but such a procedure can only be performed in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor.

In any case, it is first necessary to eliminate the primary pathology, and perhaps the tachycardia itself will pass. Only the attending doctor should prescribe drugs, self-medication can lead to irreversible consequences.

First aid for tachycardia

With tachycardia, the heart begins to contract faster than 80 beats per minute. The frequency of heartbeats per minute can reach 250! Tachycardia can last several hours. At the same time, a person experiences weakness, stitching pains and a sense of fear. The signs of tachycardia in women are the same as in men.

– general weakness of the body and a feeling of powerlessness;

– sudden increase in heart rate;

– bouts of darkening in the eyes. This symptom occurs due to a violation of cerebral circulation with tachycardia;

– premonition of loss of consciousness,

– painful sensations that appeared in the area of ​​the chest and heart;

– feeling of lack of air.

Additional symptoms of tachycardia depending on its type

In addition to the listed symptoms, additional signs of this disease may also be observed depending on the type of tachycardia.

1. Sinus tachycardia. In this case, fatigue occurs, and the pulse rate rises above 90 beats per minute.

2. Atrial tachycardia. The frequency of contractions ranges from 140-250 beats per minute, there is a feeling of intense fear.

3. Paroxysmal gastric tachycardia. In this disease, the frequency of heartbeats is 140-200 ular per minute. A sick person may experience increased sweating, flatulence, nausea, decreased blood pressure, tinnitus.

– pain in the chest;

– increased heart rate;

– pallor of the skin;

If the baby has increased drowsiness, increased respiratory rate, severe anxiety and moods, it is also worth checking for tachycardia.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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