Effective treatment of dyspnea in heart failure

If the heart cannot cope with stress, shortness of breath occurs. In the vessels of the lungs, the blood flow slows down and the pressure in the arteries increases, as a result of which a spasm of arterioles occurs. Naturally, gas exchange is disturbed.

Organs and tissues begin to experience oxygen starvation. There are signals to the brain, and the respiratory system is activated, making breaths deep and frequent.

You can describe in more detail the development pattern of dyspnea in heart disease:

  • If the left areas of the heart are affected, then the volume of cardiac output decreases and blood stasis forms in the lung area.
  • Stagnant manifestations disrupt the gas exchange of the respiratory tract, which causes a failure in their ventilation.
  • To normalize breathing, the body increases the depth and frequency of breaths. This is how shortness of breath develops.

Almost all cardiovascular pathologies are accompanied by shortness of breath of various types:

  • In older people, lack of air is manifested in ischemia and arterial hypertension.
    And since there is a correlation between hypertension and overweight, in full patients with constantly high blood pressure, shortness of breath is present not only during exertion, but also at rest, and even at night.
    The sleep of such people is disturbing and apnea is often interrupted.
  • Myocardial infarction and its asthmatic variant have all the signs of left ventricular failure. Husky breathing is observed with shortness of breath and even suffocation.
  • All chronic heart lesions are accompanied by nocturnal dyspnea.
  • Cardiac asthma causes a lot of suffering.
  • Pulmonary edema, which can be fatal, is very dangerous.
  • Thromboembolism, which causes respiratory failure, in general, cannot exist without shortness of breath and suffocation.

How to determine that shortness of breath is cardiac? Such shortness of breath has specific symptoms that you need to know:

  • Inhalation is very difficult.
  • It arises and amplifies under any loads.
  • Appearance in a lying position. The horizontal position makes the heart work in an enhanced mode. If you sit down, breathing returns to normal.

This pathology can go into a severe phase – pulmonary edema. Great weakness appears, breathing becomes heavy, lips turn blue and panic begins. At the same time, known methods of getting rid of shortness of breath do not help.

How to relieve seizures and how to treat shortness of breath in heart failure, which pills for this are prescribed by specialists? To eliminate it, you should work on the cause, which is heart failure.

It is imperative to conduct a thorough diagnosis to help find the root cause of the disease – high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, or congenital heart disease.

The treatment is long and sometimes lifelong, since due to irreversibility, existing violations cannot be eliminated. Heart ailments will decline, if treated comprehensively.

The following drugs are prescribed:

  • Glycosides. Digoxin, Korglikon have a cardiotonic effect. Tachycardia is eliminated.
  • Inhibitors Quinapril, Ramipril, Thrandolapril restore blood vessels and dilate arteries.
  • Diuretics Britomir, Furosemide remove edema and reduce the load on the heart.
  • Vasodilators. Isoket, Nitroglycerin, Minoxidil normalize vascular tone.
  • Beta blockers. Carvedipol, Metopropol, Celipropol eliminate arrhythmia and oxygen starvation.
  • Anticoagulants. Warfarin, Arikstra, Sinkumar prevent blood clots and thin the blood.
  • Statins Lipostat, Anvistat, Zokor lower cholesterol and prevent the formation of plaques.
  • Antithrombotic drugs. Cardiomagnyl, Aspirin Cardio, Curantil also act as anticoagulants.

If drug treatment of dyspnea in heart failure is ineffective, surgical intervention is recommended:

  • Eliminate valvular defect.
  • Installation of a pacemaker.
  • Ventricular transplantation.
  • Heart wrapping frame.
  • Heart transplantation.

Patients often try to be treated with folk remedies. This is widespread, as respiratory failure can last for years, painfully and with a marked decrease in the quality of life.

Medicinal herbs act on the principle of synthetic drugs, but are almost harmless and without side effects.

  • Since most pharmaceutical preparations have been made on the basis of the medicinal properties of plants, why not try to prepare the medicine at home.
  • But before you drink something with shortness of breath and heart failure, you should definitely consult your doctor.
  • Some home remedies do help (temporarily):
  • Licorice roots, mint and yarrow are great for making drugs on their own.
  • Aloe leaves infused with vodka quickly eliminate any cough and shortness of breath. Take a teaspoon of infusion, then a tablespoon of honey and after a ten-minute pause, drink a glass of tea. After all, the reason remains, the disease continues to progress and still have to start the traditional treatment. Do not do without the help of doctors.
  • Cranberry grass, which is brewed and drunk like tea, helps a lot.
  • You can get rid of cardiac dyspnea with tincture of motherwort.

Sadly, traditional medicine recipes only help at first, and you should not rely on them.

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Is it possible to cure

A universal treatment for the disease does not exist. Therapy will depend on the underlying disease. But how to remove shortness of breath in heart failure in acute and severe attacks?

  • Anxiolytic drugs. A change in the patient’s perception of this symptom reduces respiratory failure.
  • Oxygen It is indicated for patients with heart failure, in whom shortness of breath is at rest, and even in a dream.
  • Respiratory assistance. Ventilation of the lungs with special masks.

But these are auxiliary methods of treatment, and the main treatment is carried out in the field of cardiac pathologies.

In the event of a severe attack, the necessary actions are taken before the ambulance arrives:

  1. The patient should be in a half-sitting position.
  2. Unfasten tight clothing and provide fresh air.
  3. Under the tongue Nitroglycerin (no more than two tablets, with a break of 7 minutes).
  4. It is advisable for the patient to take a hypotensive agent.

To eliminate the symptom, taking medications is not enough. You should activate life, properly respond to stress, follow a diet and physical activity. The patient is recommended:

    • To refuse from bad habits.
    • Frequent walks, preferably in a park or in a forest.
    • Exclude actions that provoke shortness of breath.
    • Clothing should not restrict movement.
  • Medicines should be in a conspicuous place (no one is guaranteed against unrest).
  • The head of the bed should be raised 40 degrees.
  • Eating in small portions.
  • A low-calorie diet with a limited salt content is required.
  • Daily pressure control.
  • Take medicines that hold up fluid.
  • Change the dosage.
  • Ignore the assigned daily routine.
  • Sleep less than 8 hours.
  • Stay in a stuffy room for a long time.

Often the patient takes his shortness of breath for lung disease or as a result of prolonged smoking.

This delays the diagnosis and delays the timely start of the necessary therapy. Running heart failure threatens with a dangerous pathology – pulmonary edema.

A feeling like shortness of breath is familiar to many. With him, a person feels a lack of air, a cough, which causes fear. The condition is characterized as a violation of the rhythm, frequency or depth of breathing, which is a complex reflex act. Different body systems participate in it, which determines the type of shortness of breath and its clinical manifestations.

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The condition is subject to serious treatment. Today there are effective folk and medical means to combat the disease. Most often, it is a symptom of lung and heart disease, respectively, two main types are distinguished – pulmonary and cardiac dyspnea.


The fact that the main organ is in danger, says shortness of breath of an appropriate nature. It develops due to insufficiency of the left heart. This is manifested by poor cardiac output or blood stasis in the lungs, these two conditions can be combined.

In the first case, brain nutrition is impaired, in the second – gas exchange, pulmonary ventilation conditions. In this case, the nature of respiration changes, orthopnea develops.

Shortness of breath is a frequent consequence of serious cardiological diseases – heart disease, heart failure, cardiosclerosis, and myocardial disturbances.

If there is heart failure, it can no longer bear the load, which is why the blood flow in the pulmonary vessels becomes slower. This causes the lungs to lose their ability to supply enough oxygen to the blood.


Any symptom starting to bother more and more must be treated promptly. However, you cannot prescribe medications yourself. Treatment should be prescribed by a doctor, the use of folk remedies is also recommended to coordinate with him. It is important to understand what exactly accompanies the occurrence of dyspnea of ​​the heart type.

Shortness of breath can develop due to physical exertion and even eating.

At the initial stage of blood circulation failure, irritation of the respiratory center occurs, and pulmonary ventilation increases. Then shortness of breath begins to develop due to physical exertion and eating.

When heart failure develops further, the right amount of oxygen does not enter the blood, the partial pressure of O2 decreases, but the level of CO2 increases. Blood volume decreases, tissue hypoxia begins. Oxygen starvation with circulatory failure is very serious if the disease has reached the last stages.

Changes in hemodynamics and blood chemistry lead to reflex irritation of chemo and baroreceptors in the atria, vena cava and other areas. The functional state of the heart changes and shortness of breath begins.

It is noted that the symptom is most pronounced in patients suffering from mitral stenosis, which is associated with an increase in pressure in the pulmonary artery system and congestion in a small circle of blood circulation.

Cardiac dyspnea is characterized by difficulty breathing. First, it occurs after physical exertion. If there is no treatment, no effective remedy has been found to eliminate the cause, it manifests itself even when lying down. This suggests that shortness of breath has a heart character. In this case, there are other symptoms:

  • swelling of the lower extremities, increasing in the evening;
  • cooling of the skin of the hands, feet;
  • medium-bubbling and small-bubbling rales in the lungs, arising from their edema.

General recommendations

Cardiac dyspnea – causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

In the clinical picture, the main sign of heart failure is the appearance of shortness of breath, in which it is difficult to inhale (inspiration), exhale (expiration), as well as mixed symptoms.

Dyspnea in heart failure according to the severity of the disease is divided into stages.

  1. Initial – circulatory disturbance does not occur, left ventricular dysfunction is possible. Physical activity is not limited, after intense overstrain, breathing is restored slowly;
  2. Severe – affects a small or large circle of blood circulation. In this condition, the restriction of the motor mode does not occur much, does not appear at rest, tachycardia is observed during exercise, the heart speeds up the rhythm, and fatigue appears;
  3. Severe – at this stage both circles are affected, damage to the structure of blood vessels can be observed. With little physical activity, symptoms of pathology appear, in a calm state, they are absent;
  4. Lethal – pronounced changes in hemodynamics occur, irreversible processes in the affected organs are possible. Any movement of the patient is accompanied by unpleasant sensations that are difficult to tolerate, in a horizontal position, the condition does not improve, does not pass at rest.

From the first to the last stage, symptoms increase gradually, signs of respiratory failure affect heart activity. Diagnosis of the heart and vascular system is necessary already in the second degree of damage.

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Symptoms of heart failure can occur with varying degrees of intensity. The key role is played by the age of the patient, his lifestyle and the clinical picture of his health. The most difficult to identify the disease in children.

Common signs of pathology are characteristic shortness of breath, increased fatigue, pallor of the skin in combination with periodic blueing of the lips and limbs, the presence of wheezing in the lungs and cough. In children, tachycardia attacks may occur, sleep becomes restless, fainting and dizziness are possible.

Symptoms of heart failure in adults:

  • the occurrence of swelling of the limbs;
  • dry wheezing in the lungs (hemoptysis may occur);
  • dry night cough;
  • the appearance of a blue tint of the lips and limbs;
  • pain in the right hypochondrium;
  • shortness of breath after physical exertion (gradually shortness of breath occurs even at rest).

In old age, heart failure develops and manifests itself in a special form. Often this disease causes disturbances in other body systems, which complicates its diagnosis.

The first signs of pathology can also be manifested by symptoms that are not related to the work of the heart.

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The intensity of symptoms depends on the general state of health and the presence of chronic diseases.

The following conditions may be symptoms of heart failure in old age:

  • bloating, loss of appetite and impaired bowel movement (in most cases, patients complain of prolonged constipation);
  • swelling of the extremities in combination with a minimum amount of urine excreted and a general weak state;
  • increased intensity of cardiac interpretation in combination with attacks of increased heart rate (heart rate is unstable);
  • shortness of breath, dry cough and wheezing in the lungs (symptoms appear not only after physical exertion, but also intensify when the patient takes a horizontal position);
  • general weak state, manifested in the form of sleep disturbances, irritability, frequent mood swings and excessive fatigue;
  • loss of orientation, combined with general weakness of the body and constant drowsiness.


  • shortness of breath with a physical load;
  • dyspnea at rest;
  • acute attacks (sometimes with pulmonary edema).

Of course, not everyone who has run ten floors and is having difficulty breathing develops heart failure. It is important to distinguish physiological shortness of breath from pathological. In the first case, the condition is caused by an increased need for oxygen in the body. It is not dangerous, does not require treatment and special means.

Pathological dyspnea is one that occurs in situations that have not previously caused it. For example, a person rises to the second floor, but breathes as hard and often as when running to the tenth floor. This indicates the need for a visit to the doctor and the need for emergency treatment. This may be a sign of the congestive phase of heart failure.

Another symptom requiring attention is orthopnea (shortness of breath that occurs when lying down). When a person gets up, the condition normalizes.

In very severe cases, patients with insufficiency develop such a form of malaise as paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. This condition is also called cardiac asthma.

There is a dry cough, which is combined with the release of light foamy sputum, fear, agitation. Other symptoms appear:

  • cold, clammy sweat;
  • anxiety;
  • severe severe weakness;
  • ash blue skin.

Weakness is one of the symptoms of paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

Cough with heart failure indicates that there has been blood stasis in the small circle of blood circulation.

This provokes a swelling of the mucosa, in rare cases, the fluid flows from the vessels into the lumen of the respiratory tract, pulmonary alveoli.

This leads to irritation of the nerve endings, which are sensitive. This is how a cough develops. Sputum may be clear or pinkish.


In the process of diagnosis, it is important that cardiac dyspnea is not confused with pulmonary.

And in fact, and in another case, it manifests itself at night, but if it has a pulmonary origin, its occurrence is associated with the accumulation of sputum. After its departure, the state normalizes.

If diseases of the two systems are combined, one should distinguish shortness of heart type from pulmonary. To do this, you need to carry out some diagnostic measures.

If it is not possible to accurately determine the origin of shortness of breath, an examination of the function of external respiration is carried out. To exclude or confirm the diagnosis, measurement of the ejection fraction at rest and under load is performed.

For this, isotopic ventriculography and echocardiography are used. If reduced indicators are detected, then there is left ventricular failure.

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If you observe the patient, you can identify a simulation and psychogenic shortness of breath.


The main thing is to turn to a doctor in time for help, without taking independent measures. It is necessary to observe the available symptoms: the time of day at which the cough occurs most often, provoking circumstances.

During treatment, it is important to maintain a healthy and calm lifestyle.

Since there are many causes of shortness of breath, the treatment is usually complex. It is based on the use of drugs, dieting, maintaining not only a healthy, but also a calm lifestyle.

However, it is still important to know what to do with the attack itself, what measures to take. You need to immediately call an ambulance. Then it is recommended to follow this algorithm:

  • open a window;
  • it is convenient to seat a person so that his legs are lowered down;
  • limit activity;
  • take off bulky, warm clothes that hamper movement;
  • reassure a person, if necessary, give sedative tablets, preferably motherwort or valerian;
  • if there is a cough or other symptoms requiring sputum production, an expectorant may be given.

If possible, you can give an oxygen mask. This is all you need to do if an attack occurs. The remaining measures should be taken by the ambulance team. To finally stabilize the patient, the doctor injects special drugs into the vein. They often give Lasix a drink if a person hasn’t drunk digitalis.

In the process of treatment, peace is very important. This does not mean that a person should constantly lie. He needs to move. The main condition is that the work performed should not lead to excessive fatigue. Outdoor walks are very important. It is recommended to sleep in the correct position so that the head is above body level.

It is necessary to reduce the amount of salt consumed

You will also have to take some measures regarding food. It is necessary to use as little salt as possible. Food should be low in calories, as extra pounds can worsen well-being, severe attacks, in which there is shortness of breath, coughing and other symptoms will occur more often.

To treat shortness of breath, you can use folk remedies. Birch leaves help well. Need to take two tsp. crushed raw materials and pour it with one glass of boiling water. The composition is insisted for half an hour, after which 0,5 tsp is added. soda. You can drink it during the day, but every day you should prepare a fresh broth.

A good folk remedy is a tincture of seeds of bitter wormwood and olive oil, which can be replaced with vegetable. The used proportion is 1 to 4. Insist 12 hours.

They drink the medicine in the morning, while dripping it on sugar and gradually dissolving. There are many other popular recipes that help treat heart dyspnea.

But it is important to remember that their use should be discussed with the doctor.

Heart dyspnea is an important and dangerous symptom that requires medical attention. Timely treatment will help to avoid complications. A healthy lifestyle will also contribute to therapy and minimize the risk of seizures.

Dyspnea is one of the first manifestations of heart pathologies.

What is the reason for this? When the myocardium suffers from insufficient oxygen supply, the gas exchange process is regulated by neurohumoral mechanisms: the pituitary gland begins to produce antidiuretic hormone, which reduces the excretion of fluid from the body.

This leads to an increase in the amount of blood, increased absorption of oxygen from blood vessels by tissues. If the heart worked normally, this process could restore gas exchange.

If a person develops heart failure, then the heart cannot fully provide the need for oxygen and organs and tissues, remove carbon dioxide and metabolic products.

They accumulate and enhance the functioning of the respiratory system, which is why a person begins to take about 30 breaths in a minute.

Why does shortness of breath appear?

Shortness of breath is an essential companion of heart failure. With the advanced form of the disease, seizures can resemble bronchial asthma. This condition is due to the consequences of impaired heart performance.

The organ loses the ability to pump the necessary volumes of blood, as a result of which stagnation of fluid forms in the tissues of the lungs and the blood flow slows down. Natural gas exchange is also disrupted. The result of this condition is the occurrence of cardiac dyspnea, which has a number of distinctive features and implies special therapy.

Features of dyspnea in heart failure:

  • during shortness of breath, heart palpitations occur;
  • shortness of breath combined with wheezing in the lungs;
  • the symptom increases if you take a horizontal position;
  • difficulty breathing in shortness of breath.

First aid for shortness of breath

Reducing the volume of cardiac output of blood provokes hypoxia – a lack of oxygen in the brain, and congestion in the lungs. As a result, a person has respiratory distress, there is an increase in the frequency and depth of breathing.

With severe dyspnea caused by heart failure, the following actions are required:

  • Open a window for fresh air to enter the room.
  • Loosen the collar under the neck to facilitate breathing.
  • Move the patient to a sitting position to relieve stress from the heart – this will ease shortness of breath.
  • If possible, carry out oxygen inhalation.
  • Put a hot heating pad at your feet to increase blood circulation.
  • Give the patient nitroglycerin, furosem >Serdechnaya nedostatochnost 3 e1499850332473 - Effective treatment of dyspnea in heart failure

To quickly relieve an attack, doctors use the drugs Theophylline, Ephedrine and Solutan. They relax the bronchi and normalize the cardiac rhythm. After which the patient is hospitalized for treatment and a bed rest is prescribed for approximately two weeks.


A cause for concern is the appearance of dyspnea at rest. This symptom is most often accompanied by heart failure.

With complications of existing heart diseases, shortness of breath can occur during sleep.

To find out the exact cause of this symptom, it is necessary to undergo an examination in a medical institution and pass special tests.

It is recommended to consult a doctor as soon as possible (at the stage when shortness of breath appears after physical activity).

Diagnostic methods include the following procedures:

  • physical examination (examination and examination of patient complaints by a specialist);
  • general blood and urine analysis;
  • blood chemistry;
  • radiography;
  • ECG (electrocardiography);
  • CT scan;
  • MRI.


Medication Treatment

To get rid of shortness of breath, it is necessary to cure the root cause – heart failure. Therefore, the treatment is carried out comprehensively, since there is no one drug for shortness of breath. The earlier treatment is started, the less risk there is for a person’s life.

If the disease is not started, drug therapy leads to a significant improvement in the patient’s condition. To eliminate frequent attacks, the patient is prescribed to drink Eltacin tablets. This is an antioxidant, which, increasing the contractile function of the myocardium, thereby helps to easier exercise.

Before prescribing treatment, a specialist doctor conducts a full diagnosis to determine the root cause of the attacks:

  • ECG;
  • Ultrasound of the heart;
  • necessary laboratory tests;
  • X-ray.

X-ray examination is extremely important. It very accurately reveals disorders in the heart and pulmonary circulation.

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For the treatment of heart failure and interruptions in breathing, there are quite a lot of drugs that are divided into several groups:

  • vitamin preparations (aspartame, folic acid, potassium orotate, thiamine bromide, panangin, riboxin);
  • cardiac glycosides (dioxide);
  • polarizing mixture (glucose 10%, insulin, Panangin);
  • lowering blood pressure (captopril, enalapril, carvedilol);
  • diuretics (lazex, veroshpiron);
  • vasodilators (valsartan, losartan);
  • nitrates (nitroglycerin);
  • anticoagulants (warfarin).

It is often necessary to take medications for a very long time, since it is not always possible to completely restore irreversible disorders in the body. But, if treatment is started on time, then with the help of medications, shortness of breath and other painful manifestations of heart failure are significantly reduced.

If the disease is not amenable to medical treatment, a surgical operation is prescribed – cardiomyoplasty. It is carried out in cases where it is necessary:

  • eliminate heart valve disease;
  • install an electronic stimulator;
  • install a defibrillator;
  • transplant artificial ventricles of the heart;
  • to entangle the heart ventricles with a protective mesh frame;
  • heart transplant.

Timely access to a doctor and taking prescribed medications will help stop the development of the disease and attacks of shortness of breath.

How to treat?

Treatment of cardiac dyspnea should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist. The cause of this symptom is a serious illness that is becoming one of the most common mortality factors. It is necessary to carry out therapy in a comprehensive manner, using medication, herbal medicine, alternative medicine recipes and the rules of a special diet.

Predictions for detecting heart failure depend on the degree of development of the disease and the timeliness of its diagnosis. Shortness of breath is an integral symptom of this disease, so getting rid of it without taking measures to treat the underlying disease will not work. You can reduce the intensity and frequency of attacks with special medicines in combination with some recipes of traditional medicine.


The list of medications for treating cardiac dyspnea should be selected only by a qualified specialist. Self-medication with such drugs can lead to complications.

The course of treatment and dosage must be observed in strict accordance with the doctor’s recommendations and the information specified by the manufacturer in the instructions.

If necessary, the specialist may prescribe other types of medications.

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In the treatment of cardiac dyspnea, the following types of medications are used:

  • diuretics (Britomar, Furosemide);
  • anti-arrhythmia drugs (Lerkamen, Sotaleks);
  • means for eliminating oxygen starvation (Propranolol, Metopropol);
  • drugs of the statin group (Zokor, Lipostat);
  • means to prevent the formation of blood clots (Plavix, Aspirin Cardio);
  • medicines of the anticoagulant group (Fragmin, Warfarin);
  • cardiac glycosides (Digoxin, Korglikon);
  • anti-tachycardia drugs (Coraxan, Coralan);
  • drugs to reduce vascular tone (Apressin, Isoket).

Folk remedies

Alternative medicine prescriptions for treating cardiac dyspnea can only be used as an adjunct to the main course of therapy. Folk remedies can not be used for first aid in an attack or as the main way to treat the disease.

Taking medication must be mandatory. The use of folk remedies lies in the overall beneficial effect on the cardiac system and the acceleration of therapy.

Examples of folk remedies:

  • lemon, garlic and honey (ten heads of garlic and ten lemons, peeled and chopped in a meat grinder or blender, pour the preparation with a liter of liquid honey, insist on a dark place for seven days, take the mixture four teaspoons once a day for one month , after two weeks the course can be repeated);
  • viburnum and honey (crush a tablespoon of viburnum with a fork, add a similar amount of liquid honey, pour the preparation with a glass of boiling water, after an hour you can use the product, take the infusion half a glass twice a day);
  • tea from cranberry leaves (chop any cranberry leaves and pour boiling water, one teaspoon of the ingredient will be needed in a glass of water, insist on the preparation for fifteen minutes, take the medicine one glass several times a day instead of regular tea);
  • lemon balm, valerian root and yarrow (in one container mix one part of valerian root and lemon balm and three parts of yarrow, pour the preparation into room temperature water and insist for several hours, after insisting, boil the preparation, strain and cool, take one glass each daily);
  • healing “balm” (in one container mix 10 ml of alcohol tinctures of Arnica, digitalis and May lily of the valley, 20 ml of tinctures of leaves and flowers of hawthorn, mix thoroughly, take the drug thirty drops once a day before eating, first meals should be limited to 5-10 drops of balm).

Medicinal herbs

In the treatment of cardiac dyspnea, herbs that have the ability to strengthen and normalize the work of the heart help well. Dry plant blanks can be used to make tea, decoctions or infusions. In one tool to enhance its effectiveness, it is recommended to combine several components at the same time.

The following types of herbs help in treating heart dyspnea:

  • astragalus;
  • horse chestnut inflorescences;
  • motherwort;
  • yarrow;
  • Melissa;
  • elecampane;
  • hawthorn;
  • pion;
  • birch leaves;
  • arnica.

Changing the diet is an integral part of the treatment of heart dyspnea and the underlying disease that is associated with this symptom. It is better to refuse to eat harmful foods, excessively fatty salty and spicy foods.

Nutrition should be balanced and complete. The maximum amount of vitamins and products that have a beneficial effect on the work of the cardiovascular system is introduced into the diet.

Products useful for the heart and blood vessels:

  • dried fruits;
  • green salad;
  • nuts;
  • cranberry;
  • apples;
  • blueberry;
  • beans;
  • bran;
  • oat flakes;
  • a fish;
  • seafood;
  • chicken liver.

The diagnosis of heart failure implies the need for cardinal changes in the patient’s lifestyle. It is necessary to get rid of bad habits (alcohol, smoking, etc.), to eliminate lack of sleep or overwork.

Regular walks in the fresh air will have a beneficial effect on the respiratory system, the cardiovascular system and increase vitality.

If any symptoms of heart abnormalities occur, it is necessary to find out their cause as soon as possible and carry out timely treatment.

Many people know of cases of lack of oxygen, violation of the frequency, rhythm and depth of breathing during sports, performing physical exercises, climbing stairs. The situations listed above are still considered to be a normal “phenomenon”. But there are cases of shortness of breath that occur when walking lightly for short distances, the absence of physical exertion, and even in a state of absolute rest, when it becomes very difficult to breathe, and sometimes it takes a long time to restore the normal breathing rhythm.

And this is serious. It is necessary to think and take urgent measures. It is good when there is an opportunity to seek the advice of doctors, but sometimes getting to a medical institution is problematic. And then recipes of traditional medicine will come to the rescue. They, of course, do not act instantly, but are tested for reliability by time.

This simple effective recipe helps even the elderly, who can’t take a couple of steps without stopping to rest. For the healing composition you will need 1 liter of honey, 10 lemons and heads of garlic. Cut the lemons into four parts, remove the seeds and pass with the zest through a meat grinder.

Peel the garlic and chop in the garlic. Then mix everything in a glass jar, wrap with dark paper, insist for a week. Take 4 tsp once daily on an empty stomach, be sure to slowly absorb each serving. The course is until the healing mass is over. Check for regular admission so that there are no passes.

Conduct a course of treatment 2 times a year

Two therapeutic and prophylactic compounds for strengthening the heart from the book of I.I. Litvina “Three good.” • Wash and dry 300 g dried apricots, prunes, raisins, walnut kernels, 150 g rosehips (without seeds) and hawthorn (seedless), three medium lemons (remove seeds).

Pass all components through a meat grinder twice, add 300 g of natural honey. Mix thoroughly, transfer to a dark glass dish and insist 10 days in the refrigerator. Take 1 tbsp daily on an empty stomach until the mixture is over. Treatment is carried out twice a year.

This mixture is useful in that it contains a lot of potassium and vitamin C, which the heart needs in case of arrhythmia, atherosclerosis and other diseases. And honey perfectly conveys vitamins and minerals to cells. For allergies to honey or diabetes, these components, alas, can be a contraindication.

• The second recipe is almost identical to the previous one, but instead of rosehips and hawthorn, one standard pharmacy bottle of rosehip syrup and hawthorn tincture should be added to it. Mix the components thoroughly and also insist in the refrigerator for 10 days.

The same mixtures are also recommended for a weakened body after suffering serious illnesses, so that a person recovers faster. They are very useful for healthy people to strengthen immunity.

It is only necessary to take into account that the mentioned drugs serve as an addition to the main medical prescriptions. Therefore, mandatory consultation with the attending physician is necessary.

Mixture for shortness of breath

From heart dyspnea, take 0,5 kg of honey, 5-6 heads of garlic, 6-8 lemons, 250 g of raisins, 300 g of dried apricots. Keep the dried fruits cleaned in hot water.

Turn lemons with peel through a meat grinder, add garlic (pass through a press), add steamed raisins and dried apricots, honey.

Hold the mixture for 7-8 days in a sealed container and transfer to a glass container. Take 2 tbsp fasting.

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The medicine is prepared from the flowers and fruits of hawthorn taken in equal parts. The mixture is stored in glass jars. In the evening 3 tbsp. collection pour 0,75 liters of boiling water and insist, wrapped (possible in a thermos) until morning. Strain and drink the infusion of 1 tbsp. three times a day 20-30 minutes before meals or one hour after. Two weeks – a reception, a month – a break. Up to five courses are required during the year.

This recipe has great authority and distribution among older people with shortness of breath, asthma, cardiovascular and even cancer diseases, severe persistent headaches – tincture of potato sprouts.

Break the sprouts, spread them out in a thin layer on a tray and put on the windowsill on the sunny side for several days to dry. Then grind and fill in a glass container a little more than half. Pour the mass with medical alcohol (you can also vodka) two fingers higher. Insist two weeks.

Strain through two or three layers of gauze and store in a cabinet. Take according to a special technique. For convenience, keep a “record” of medication, so as not to stray from the treatment course.

Start with one drop three times a day 30 minutes before meals, diluting with purified water (up to 20 drops of tincture – 150 ml of water, and from 21 to 25 drops – 200 ml, and vice versa).

Treatment with folk remedies for dyspnea in heart failure

Many, probably, often noticed on the street people suddenly stopping to catch their breath. Especially often when climbing stairs or climbing a hill. It happens just because a person is tired, but sometimes it is caused by a more serious reason – shortness of breath.

Shortness of breath is a feeling of lack of air. Dyspnea can occur from various factors, for example, due to nervous disorders. But most often, it is a symptom of cardiovascular disease or asthma. In addition to medical means, you can try the treatment of shortness of breath with folk remedies.

• For 1 liter of liquid honey, you need the juice of 10 lemons. 10 heads of peeled and twisted garlic in a meat grinder add to the mixture of honey and lemon and mix. Close the jar and let it brew in a dark place for a week.

Take 4 teaspoons per day, once. Do not swallow immediately, but keep in your mouth, slowly absorbing. When you drink the whole infusion, you will definitely feel relief. After some time, the reception may be repeated.

• Take 2 teaspoons of chopped birch leaves and pour a glass of boiling water for 30 minutes, then filter through a sieve or gauze, add baking soda at the tip of the knife. Take 3-4 times every day for a quarter of the contents.

• Insist in one glass of boiling water 10-20 grams of lemon balm. Drink 3 times a day to stop heart pain and treat shortness of breath.

• Fill a third of the bottle with walnut partitions and pour vodka over them. After two weeks, you can take 30-40 drops once a day per half a glass of water.

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• For the treatment of chronic heart failure, which is accompanied by shortness of breath, it will be useful to make an infusion of Astragalus vulgaris herb: pour a tablespoon of the herb with a glass of boiling water and leave for 1-2 hours. Take 2-3 tbsp before meals. tablespoons from 3 to 5 times, adding honey to taste.

• Also, in case of heart failure, it is useful to take an infusion of fruits or flowers of hawthorn. Tincture of fruits 15% in 70-degree alcohol (drink before meals, 30-50 drops per third of a glass of warm water, 3-4 times). Tincture of flowers is stronger 25% (drink before meals, 30-40 drops per 1 tbsp.spoon of water 3-4 times).

• In folk medicine, this method of treating shortness of breath of any origin is widespread: instead of regular tea, cranberry leaves are brewed and drunk without measure every day.

• Another medicinal plant that helps not only with shortness of breath, but also with insomnia, fainting and cramping is wormwood. Wormwood seeds are mixed 1 to 4 with olive oil and insisted overnight. In the morning, 2 – 3 drops of tincture are dripped onto a piece of sugar and eat.

Various factors can provoke attacks and treatment of dyspnea with folk remedies will certainly help everyone who believes in their recovery. The main thing here is the observance of simple rules when preparing tinctures or decoctions and the frequency and amount of admission.

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Medicinal plants are especially effective in helping with the first symptoms of shortness of breath, help strengthen blood vessels and heart muscles.

Pour 10 g of chopped birch leaves with 240 ml of boiling water. Insist half an hour, strain. Add 3 g of baking soda to the finished broth. Drink the medicine during the day in small portions. Every day you need to cook a new portion of the broth. The duration of treatment is 30 days. The broth has diuretic and diaphoretic properties, helps with chronic heart failure.

To prepare wormwood oil, you need to pour 50 g of seeds into 200 ml of vegetable oil. Insist at least 12 hours. Take tincture in the morning. On a piece of sugar, drip 3 drops of the medicine, slowly dissolve.


Mix 30 ml of honey with 5 g of crushed celandine, add 500 ml of white dry wine. Put the mixture on low heat, cook until the initial volume is reduced by 4 times. The resulting amount is divided into 2 servings. One drink in the morning on an empty stomach, the second – before dinner. The course is 1 month.

From celandine you can prepare an alcohol tincture, which is superior in efficiency to the decoction. Pour 20 g of herb with 200 ml of vodka. Remove to a dark place for 10 days. Apply for respiratory failure 25 drops three times a day.

Adonis concoction effectively helps with frequent attacks of respiratory failure, improves heart function. Pour 15 g of dry grass into 2 liters of boiling water. Insist 1 hour. Take 15 ml every hour.

Melissa is one of the most effective herbs for treating heart failure. The broth eliminates pain in the heart and shortness of breath. To prepare, brew 20 g of lemon balm 250 ml of boiling water. Insist 25 minutes. Take three times a day. You need to drink the broth until the symptoms of the disease completely disappear.


The grass is used for severe shortness of breath, neurosis. To prepare the infusion, pour 15 g of motherwort 220 ml of boiling water, strain in an hour. Take 110 ml in the morning and evening.

You can drink diluted motherwort juice – 40 drops per 120 ml of water. Drink the medicine three times a day 30 minutes before meals. You can preserve the juice with alcohol. To do this, add 2 parts of medical alcohol to 3 parts of juice. Motherwort can be taken no longer than 14 days, since drugs based on it greatly overload the liver.

In order to completely get rid of heart dyspnea, it is necessary to reasonably combine the use of drugs and traditional medicine with a diet. Herbal preparations are used as a complex therapy of heart diseases.

The first collection includes the following herbs:

  • 40 g motherwort;
  • 50 g of blackberry leaves;
  • 30 g of dried mash;
  • 20 g of thyme;
  • 40 g of woodruff.

Mix herbs. To prepare a decoction of 15 g of the mixture, brew 250 ml of boiling water. Drink instead of tea.

For the second collection, it is necessary to mix elderberry, plantain leaves, violet grass and sundew in equal parts of inflorescences. In 250 ml of cold water, pour 20 g of the herbal mixture, leave for 2 hours. Cook over low heat for 5 minutes, cool. Divide the broth into 3 servings, drink during the day.

The composition of the collection includes the following components:

  • 30 g sage;
  • 16 g of birch buds;
  • 10 g of sandwiches;
  • 10 g nettle;
  • 6 g of bearberry and buckthorn bark;
  • 3 g of adonis;
  • 1 g mint.

The mixture pour 2 liters of boiling water, insist 1,5 hours. Bring the broth to a boil. Drink the medicine hot 100 ml three times a day 15 minutes before meals. The duration of treatment is six months. The broth is contraindicated for people with mental disorders, cancer patients.

At home, you can prepare effective medications for heart dyspnea from available products.

To prepare the nut tincture, it is necessary to fill the can with a volume of 1 liter per 1/3 with walnut partitions, fill the rest of the container with high-quality vodka. Insist in a dark place for 20 days. Take tincture in diluted form (40 drops in 150 ml of water). The medicine should be drunk once a day after meals.

A mixture of garlic and lemon strengthens the heart muscle, perfectly cleanses blood vessels. How to cook:

  1. Grind 350 g of peeled garlic.
  2. Squeeze juice from 24 lemons.
  3. Fold the components in a jar, cover with a thin cloth.
  4. Clean in a dark room for a day.
  5. Shake before use.

Take the medicine at bedtime in a diluted form – dilute 5 ml of the mixture in 120 ml of water. The duration of treatment is 14 days.

Grind 500 g of onion. Add to it 70 g of sugar, 200 ml of fresh carrot juice, 75 ml of beet and celery juice, 25 ml of honey. Mix all the ingredients, cook over low heat for 3 hours. Take directly during seizures. For preventive purposes, drink 15 ml before each meal.

Grind in a blender 20 apricot kernels, 10 lemons with peel. Stir, add 500 g of honey. Keep the medicine in the refrigerator. Take 15 g of the drug mixture every morning for a month.

Even slight dyspnea may indicate the development of a serious disease. Timely diagnosis will help to identify the causes of lack of air. During treatment it is necessary to get rid of bad habits, spend more time in the fresh air, do not forget to do breathing exercises every morning.

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If a person suffers from chronic heart failure, accompanied by shortness of breath and edema, folk healers recommend the use of infusion of Astragalus woolly flowering: 1 tbsp. pour herbs in 1 cup boiling water and insist 1-2 hours. Take 2-3 tbsp. infusion 3-5 times a day before meals, adding honey to taste

Shortness of breath is a violation of the respiratory rate, its rhythm and depth. The causes of shortness of breath can be very different, including malfunctions in the cardiovascular system. Therefore, you always need to find the root cause of shortness of breath and cure it. In the arsenal of traditional medicine, there are many tools that can help with the treatment of cardiac dyspnea (and not only!).

If a person suffers from chronic heart failure, accompanied by shortness of breath and edema, folk healers recommend the use of infusion of Astragalus woolly flowering: 1 tbsp. pour herbs in 1 cup boiling water and insist 1-2 hours. Take 2-3 tbsp. infusion 3-5 times a day before meals, adding honey to taste.

With heart failure with shortness of breath, you can use tincture of flowers or fruits of hawthorn. Tincture of fruits – 15% in 70 degree alcohol. Apply 30-50 drops per 1/3 cup warm boiled water 3-4 times a day before meals. Tincture of hawthorn flowers is done 25% in 70 degree alcohol. Drink 20-30 drops per 1 tbsp. warm boiled water 3-4 times a day before meals.

With dyspnea, convulsive and asthmatic cough, catarrh of the respiratory tract, a tincture of datura fruits is used as a narcotic (20% in 40-70 degrees alcohol). You need to drink this folk remedy for 2-3 drops per 1 tbsp. warm water or milk 5-6 times a day before meals.

With dyspnea, concomitant with diseases of the heart and lungs, they take inside 10% tincture of horse chestnut flowers in 40-70 degrees alcohol. Dose – 30-40 drops of tincture in 1/3 cup of warm water 3-5 times a day before meals.

With shortness of breath of any origin, tea from cranberry leaves helps. They drink it without restrictions, adding honey to taste.

General recommendations

Ignoring the symptoms of heart failure, including shortness of breath, can cause serious complications and worsen health status. If untreated, the disease will progress and the risk of death will increase.

Patients with established heart failure have to adhere to the rules of special therapy throughout their lives.

With heart failure and shortness of breath, it is not recommended:

  • self-medicate;
  • use traditional medicine as the main means of therapy;
  • ignore dyspnea attacks (especially with their increased frequency);
  • during an attack of dyspnea, you can not take a horizontal position (only sitting or reclining);
  • take cardiac drugs uncontrollably.


A disease of the cardiovascular system is better to prevent than to treat it for many years.

There are certain preventative measures:

  • regular exercise;
  • avoidance of excessive loads on the body;
  • daily walks in the fresh air;
  • maintaining a normal weight;
  • balanced diet;
  • refusal of bad habits (if they already exist);
  • regular full rest;
  • maintaining the nervous system (stress management);
  • annual visit to the doctor.

In addition, if the first signs of the disease have already appeared, additional important rules must be observed without waiting for complications:

  • when the condition worsens (dizziness, pain in the heart, severe weakness) immediately cause an “ambulance”;
  • do not drink drugs that retain fluid in the body;
  • You can not take or cancel drugs without the permission of the attending physician;
  • violate the regimen of treatment and rest prescribed by the doctor;
  • sleep in a well-ventilated room;
  • the head of the bed should be at an angle of 45 degrees;
  • clothes need loose, non-squeezing;
  • carry medicines to stop attacks of shortness of breath with you;
  • monitor blood pressure;
  • give up bad habits, weight lifting, high physical activity, too hearty food, strong unrest – all that can cause shortness of breath.

Feedback on treatment

My heart failure was detected many years ago, but the disease affected the quality of life to a small extent. Once a year she was treated, and the symptoms did not bother for a long time. A few years ago, symptoms of shortness of breath began to appear. Especially tormented by attacks at night.

Immediately went to the doctor and was examined. It turned out that, due to age, an exacerbation of the disease occurred. In addition to the prescribed drugs, by tradition, she took infusions of viburnum, decoctions of hawthorn, lemon balm and peony. Symptoms of shortness of breath have decreased, and there have been no seizures lately.

Svetlana, 48 years old

About what heart dyspnea is, I know from personal experience. I could not get rid of this symptom for a long time, but a solution was nevertheless found. Firstly, I began to combine taking medications with taking decoctions based on leaves of viburnum and peony.

Secondly, I began to cook steamed dishes and changed the diet. I began to use more pumpkin, dried fruit, berries and chicken liver. Thirdly, she began to walk in the fresh air before going to bed. Only with all these rules, shortness of breath began to bother much less.

Alexander, 52 years old

Cardiac dyspnea caused me significant inconvenience and depressed me. During each attack, fear was seized. The doctor prescribed various medicines, but there was no effect from them. I began to look for other treatments in various sources. I decided to try traditional medicine.

He made tinctures from lemons and garlic to strengthen the heart, drank decoctions of St. John’s wort, lemon balm, hawthorn and cranberries. However, the best effect was made by homemade balm. I mixed tinctures of hawthorn, valerian root, arnica and lily of the valley. I took 20 drops daily and attacks of dyspnea almost ceased to bother.

Daily routine recommendations

During treatment, heavy physical activity is contraindicated, but it is completely impossible to refuse movement. Some medications help increase stamina and improve heart function.

You should engage in gentle therapeutic gymnastics daily, gradually increasing the number and frequency of exercises. When shortness of breath begins to occur less often, you can start walking leisurely walks.

For the recovery of the patient, proper sleep is very important. The pillow should be raised – this will facilitate breathing in a dream. To avoid swelling on the legs, a pillow or folded blanket should be placed under them.

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Correct leg position for edema

A person suffering from heart failure should follow a diet and restriction of salt and fluid intake. The patient should eat fractionally – up to six times a day, excluding smoked and spicy dishes, fatty meat, pastries, sweets.

For people suffering from shortness of breath on the background of cardiovascular diseases, a number of useful products are prescribed:

  • bow;
  • cottage cheese;
  • fresh cucumbers (from edema);
  • tomatoes;
  • flower natural honey;
  • apricots;
  • millet porridge (high potassium content).

The most unpleasant and frightening manifestation of heart failure disease is shortness of breath. At the first attacks, you should immediately go to the hospital and begin treatment, so as not to wait for the deterioration of health. All medical and restorative procedures must be carried out under medical supervision.

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.