Did you donate your child’s feces for analysis and found yeast in it? In this article, we will tell you in detail about these fungi, the reasons for their appearance and, of course, how to treat your baby. The intestinal microflora consists of numerous microbes. “Useful” microorganisms participate in the assimilation of food, synthesize the substances necessary for the body, maintain immunity, remove toxins and prevent the reproduction of “harmful” microbes.
As you know, fungi are a type of microbes. Some of them are part of the normal intestinal microflora, incl. and molds of the genus Candida. Spores – the rudiments of the future fungus – enter the body from the air with food and water, as well as through direct contact through the skin. In the body, yeast fungi multiplies by budding and makes up a very small part of the microflora. But if its amount increases, then a condition called intestinal candidiasis or thrush develops.
Reasons for the development of intestinal candidiasis
Yeast fungi in the feces of a child is a type of dysbiosis. This means that all those factors that disrupt the intestinal microflora can contribute to the reproduction of yeast cultures. The main reasons are:
- decreased immunity,
- taking antibacterial drugs that cause the death of beneficial bacteria,
- improper diet,
- acute viral infection,
- intoxication of the body,
- allergic reactions.
Most often, yeast-like fungi in feces are found as a result of improper use of antibiotics. Abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloating – all these symptoms of a mother are often attributed to an intestinal infection. However, antibiotics used to treat intestinal infections destroy not only “harmful” bacteria in the intestines, but also those that prevent fungi from multiplying. Thus, the appointment of antibacterial agents without specifying the reason can lead to thrush. They should be used together with antifungal drugs and only after receiving the results of the analysis of the child’s feces.
Immunity can be weakened for many reasons. Very often, with intestinal candidiasis, endocrine disorders are found in a child, incl. diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease. Immunity is weakened by any long-term disease that depletes the body. Many drugs have adverse effects on the intestines. Sometimes the underlying disease does not appear outwardly in any way and is detected only after candidiasis is detected. Another common cause is too much carbohydrate food in a child’s diet.
When children start going to kindergarten, direct contacts increase. This also increases the chances of getting infected. In addition, babies are switching to a different type of food. During the adaptation period, they may develop dysbiosis, and that may turn into candidiasis. If yeast bacteria are found in the feces of an adult in large quantities, this indicates a rather long and severe damage to the body.
When can you suspect that a child has a fungus in the stool? The child’s body is easily exposed to any adverse factors. Thrush in a newborn can occur if the mother has genital candidiasis. Passing through the birth canal, the baby picks up these fungi, and after birth, in half of the cases, he develops a fungal infection. With such an infection, the baby first of all develops candidiasis of the skin. The baby does not yet have a formed immunity to fight the fungus. He receives defense cells from the mother’s body. After the baby switches from breastfeeding to artificial feeding, his immunity is gradually formed.
Molds in the intestines release toxins that accumulate in the body and disrupt normal digestion. As a result, the body does not receive the substances it needs for growth, and the baby becomes restless, eats poorly and sleeps poorly.
You can notice changes in the stool: liquid feces and the presence of fungal colonies in it in the form of punctate milk or blood blotches. In older children, yeast in the feces causes the following complaints:
- abdominal pain, especially after eating,
- feeling of heaviness and discomfort,
- increased gas formation,
- itching around the anus.
Because the fungus is able to enter the bloodstream, then allergic reactions on the skin are possible. At the same time, the risk of complications is high. Sometimes a child’s body temperature may rise to 39 ° C. In severe cases, the fungus can affect other organs, and sometimes the entire body. This form is called generalized. To prevent complications in time, you need, first of all, to quickly and accurately diagnose.
How to clarify the diagnosis correctly?
To identify yeast bacteria, the following tests must be performed:
- analysis of feces for the presence of fungus,
- analysis of all components of feces (coprogram),
- bacterial culture of feces,
- a blood test for the presence of antibodies to candida.
With the help of microscopic analysis of feces, budding yeast cells in large numbers, spores, as well as mycelium – a colony of a fungus are found. Stool culture can be used to determine if yeast cells are present in the stool. Other changes are often found in the coprogram, they must be taken into account. Even if doctors found yeast in a child’s feces, this does not mean that the child is sick with candidiasis. It is necessary to determine the amount of fungus. Intestinal candidiasis is very likely if fungi of the genus Candida in the feces are 15 times higher than normal, and the level of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli is reduced. It should be borne in mind that candidiasis is a condition of the body, which often has its own specific and usually easily eliminated cause.
Methods for treating thrush in a child
Treatment must begin in parallel with finding out the reason why yeast appeared in the feces. The therapy is carried out in several directions. The doctor prescribes drugs that suppress the growth of the fungus (Diflucan, Pimafucin), probiotics and prebiotics to restore the intestinal microflora and diet therapy. Question: “How to treat specifically?” should ask a doctor. Full treatment of candidiasis is carried out by specialists with constant monitoring of analyzes.
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