Diseases of the legs in people and their treatment

The following pores and skin ailments that may be localized on the legs will be distinguished:

  • infectious – boils, abscesses;
  • genetic – psoriasis;
  • neurotic (stress);
  • tumors – moles, melanomas;
  • autoimmune;
  • allergic
  • parasitic.

Due to the incidence of a pores and skin illness, they’re divided into two teams:

Among the exterior distinguish:

  • environmental affect: low and excessive temperatures, ultraviolet radiation;
  • accidents – cuts, bruises, abrasions;
  • infections – viruses, micro organism, fungus;
  • non-compliance with the guidelines of hygiene;
  • nervous system problems: stress, despair;
  • threat zones: seaside, pool, sauna, bathhouse, barefoot shoe becoming, pedicure salon, slippers of others.
  • violation of the features of inside organs: kidneys, liver, intestines;
  • decreased immune, lymphatic techniques;
  • abnormalities in the cardiovascular system;
  • allergic reactions;
  • low bacterial flora of the gut;
  • vitamin deficiency – an absence of nutritional vitamins and minerals.

Next, we’ll reveal in element every kind of illness individually.

Currently, greater than three dozen sorts of dermatoses have been studied and described – pores and skin illness indicators the onset of diabetes, and can be its trigger.

There are a number of types of diabetes:

  1. Diabetic foot (angiopathy). It impacts the circulatory system. Blood with excessive sugar damages blood vessels and capillaries, primarily toes. Microcirculation processes are disturbed, the pores and skin turns into dry, calloused, with cracks. Even minor abrasions are topic to lengthy therapeutic and suppuration.
  2. Neuropathic diabetic foot. Paralyzes the tissues of the nervous system. The nerve endings of the leg muscle groups are destroyed. The sufferer loses the sensitivity of the affected space, so he doesn’t discover the ulcers that seem. Their aggressive improvement results in problems, as much as gangrene.
  3. The type is blended. With this kind, harm to the nervous and circulatory techniques happens. The first two types are mixed into one.
  4. Diabetic arthropathy. Damage happens in the joints. With a chronic exacerbation of diabetes, the blood provide and microcirculation features are violated, consequently, the joints of the legs are broken. At the preliminary stage of the illness, the diabetic experiences ache in the joints when strolling, edema, redness of the toes are disturbing. Next, the form of the foot is deformed, the fingers change form.
  • Dry pores and skin, pallor, peeling are famous, corns, cracks seem;
  • The affected toes have a a lot decrease temperature, and sensitivity decreases.
  • Legs swell, tingling in the decrease leg disturbs.
  • Deformation of the form of the toes and nails: compacted, affected by fungi.
  • The muscle groups of the legs weaken and atrophy.
  • Cramps and ache in the legs seem throughout motion, in addition to throughout sleep.
  • The sores on the legs heal for a very long time.
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Treatment

Treatment of foot ailments in diabetes mellitus:

  • First of all, it is very important carry the blood sugar stage again to regular and monitor it.
  • Constantly examine the pores and skin of the legs and take care of it. If you begin the treatment of the illness, don’t keep away from the amputation of the legs, in any other case the loss of life of the affected person is inevitable.
  • The physician, if mandatory, prescribes medication for blood vessels, antibiotics.
  • An vital function is given to food plan.
  • Insulin (kind 1 diabetes).
  • Drugs for decreasing sugar (kind 2 diabetes).
  • Regular baths with a decoction of oak bark.
  • Aloe juice or celandine. Apply to affected areas.
  • Birch buds. Broth to course of the foci.
  • Baths with sea salt. Dilute one kilogram of salt in heat water, the length of the process is quarter-hour.
  • Aroma baths. For them, decoctions of herbs (mint, wormwood, oregano, thyme, chamomile, calendula and others) or from younger shoots and tree branches (birch, oak, pine, alder, maple and others) are used.

Prevention of pores and skin ailments of the toes:

  • foot care: toes in a clear and dry state;
  • after water procedures, dry the pores and skin between the fingers;
  • Choose free, breathable sneakers with good air circulation inside;
  • Use socks constituted of pure materials. Change them twice a day;
  • dry the sneakers for a minimum of a day earlier than subsequent use;
  • particular person replaceable sneakers;
  • even at dwelling there must be private belongings.

In order to not deprive your self of the pleasure of free motion, it’s a lot simpler to forestall the incidence of the above ailments than to deal with them for a few years. So what is sweet for the joints of the legs?

Healthy way of life. If you quit dangerous habits, particularly overeating, you’ll save your self from one of the principal causes of arthrosis – further kilos. And whereas sustaining exercise and mobility – guarantee the regular manufacturing of synovial fluid (lubricant), and thereby keep the cartilage in good situation.

Hardening. Pouring chilly water in your toes won’t solely enhance your physique’s resistance to infections, however it can additionally prepare your blood vessels, which suggests it can keep a very good blood provide to the joints and periarticular tissues.

Balanced food plan. Products containing mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, nutritional vitamins (particularly C and P), in addition to calcium, are very helpful for cartilage. Red fish is wealthy in fatty acids, nutritional vitamins – fruits, greens and herbs, calcium – dairy merchandise, particularly cheese and cottage cheese. And an extra in the food plan of meat dishes wealthy in purines, in addition to soups on robust meat broths can result in the improvement of gout. Many nutritionists advocate consuming extra uncooked meals: fruits and greens to forestall joint ailments.

Traffic. Even excessive motor exercise in a wholesome way of life doesn’t at all times give the mandatory load, so when the first indicators of issues with the joints of the legs seem, it is going to be very helpful to grasp a set of gymnastic workout routines and repeatedly carry out it. It will be medical gymnastics, yoga, dancing or one thing else. The principal factor is to decide on the optimum load.

Observing these easy guidelines, you may keep away from many ailments of the joints of the legs, and if the issues have already made themselves felt – as a lot as potential to ease the course of the illness. The principal factor is to make a wholesome way of life a behavior. And then you can’t fear about the indisputable fact that the illness comes at the most inopportune second and perpetually deprives you of the alternative to take pleasure in freedom of motion.

With fixed put on of sneakers which have too slender toes, a particular curvature of the large toes develops. In this case, the first phalanges, because it had been, end up, shifting away from the different fingers, whereas the second phalanges deviate in the wrong way. As a end result, the joint situated between the phalanges is displaced, its regular functioning is disrupted. There is irritation of the joint bag (bursitis), which is characterised by soreness and swelling. The joint swells, ache when strolling.

Similar harm to the little fingers of the toes (the so-called tailor bone) is noticed in people who sit for a very long time each day, protecting their legs crossed in the shins. It can be accompanied by ache and swelling, which complicates the choice of sneakers. Both pathologies are handled nearly solely by surgical procedure.

This is a particular deformation in which the toes bend and lock, taking the form of claws. Most typically the second fingers undergo. The purpose is muscle weak spot, which frequently happens towards the background of bursitis of the thumbs. The scenario is aggravated if an individual wears tight sneakers or too tight socks.

At the preliminary levels, the pathology will be corrected with the assist of particular inserts and interdigital pads, which an orthopedic surgeon ought to choose. In superior instances, it’s important to search the assist of a surgeon.

Diseases of the legs are categorised based on the nature of tissue harm:

    Inflammatory processes embrace myositis, irritation of blood vessels, comfortable tissue phlegmon, inflammatory pores and skin ailments, blisters, and sciatic nerve neuritis. The specified group features a selection of pimples on the pores and skin, goose foot bursitis, neuralgia, neurodermatitis, and lichen pores and skin lesions (herpes). External manifestations – diathesis, fistula in the space of ​​suppuration, lichen, fungal lesions of the nails with an consequence in onycholysis (when the nail plate leaves). Physiological difficulties – ingrown hairs and nails, extreme sweating, rosacea, phlegmon, epiphysiolysis, this features a festering wound.

Myositis on the affected person’s leg

Quite typically, sufferers have pores and skin ailments of the legs, the most typical of that are:

Despite the indisputable fact that such ailments don’t pose any hazard to life, they ship quite a bit of disagreeable sensations. In addition, all these pathologies are poorly mirrored in the look of the legs. Such ailments require well timed high-quality treatment, in any other case problems and severe pores and skin lesions can happen, that are very tough to eradicate and require long-term remedy.

Fungal ailments of the pores and skin of the legs and nails are ailments of an infectious nature that provoke pathogens.

Types of pores and skin ailments on the legs, toes, toes

In specific, arthrosis, arthritis, fungus, impaired regular nail progress, irregular construction and vitamin of blood vessels and joints will be distinguished from pathologies of toes.

In the presence of such ailments, ache might happen, curvature of the fingers, in addition to a violation of the regular state and integrity of the pores and skin. If well timed treatment shouldn’t be finished, then this may trigger incapacity.

  1. Infectious, which are sometimes manifested with the assist of numerous rashes and neoplasms and have an infectious origin. We are speaking about boils and abscesses.
  2. There are ailments which might be transmitted at the genetic stage, the most typical of them is psoriasis.
  3. There is a separate classification of autoimmune ailments.
  4. Neurotic sorts of ailments are attributable to stress and fixed emotional modifications.
  5. The parasitic species is most frequently attributable to completely different parasites.
  6. Different sorts of tumors, for instance, similar to melanomas and moles, will be attributed to a separate class.

Each kind of illness requires particular consideration and treatment. It must be remembered that there are ailments that may be short-term, however there are those who poison an individual’s life all the time.

Note! With correct treatment in the early levels, you may get rid of many illnesses inside two weeks, and when you ignore all the signs, you may get a continual illness.

Corns and calluses

The corns (sexy pores and skin zones), as a rule, seem consequently of sporting sneakers with too excessive heels, very tight or too free sneakers. Such formations happen in these areas of the toes which might be subjected to the most extreme hundreds (for instance, on the aspect surfaces of the thumbs or little fingers).

There are pharmacy medication with which you may get rid of corns and calluses, however you shouldn’t use them with out consulting a physician. It is particularly harmful to attempt to reduce off lifeless pores and skin by yourself. If corns or corns turn out to be an issue, it is best to search specialised assist.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis can happen in each adults and kids, extra typically it’s continual. It won’t be potential to fully get rid of this ailment; in any case, there’ll come intervals when it can worsen. Recognizing the illness shouldn’t be tough, as rash and redness will be seen on the total pores and skin of the legs.

Psoriasis impacts not solely the foot, however can go to the decrease leg, knee joint and nail plates. When the rashes start to mix, plaques with white and grey scales type. Psoriasis is similar to eczema or mycosis, so a physician will be capable of make an correct prognosis after the outcomes of the exams.

Photo and treatment

It won’t be potential to fully remedy psoriasis, particularly since docs haven’t been capable of set up the precise explanation why this illness happens. But it’s recognized that there are a number of levels of psoriasis, and the sooner treatment is began, the higher.

Rashes on the legs are very dense, however they need to by no means be tried to be eliminated on their personal by the method, and furthermore it’s forbidden to scratch. The physician throughout the exacerbation interval will prescribe medication that scale back itching and burning

Note! All ointments and lotions are chosen individually, as there are contraindications. In addition to taking medicines, sure physiotherapeutic measures are prescribed.

The most typical illness up to now. It happens in each adults and kids of each sexes. It is continual, requires long-term treatment and commentary. A attribute function is the uneven look of a rash and redness in completely different areas of the pores and skin: shin, space of ​​the knee joints, toes, and nail plates.

The sizes are completely different: associations in plaques with white or grayish scales are potential, the boundaries of the foci are clearly pronounced. The illness proceeds individually: in some in acute type, however shortly, in the second – for a few years, barely noticeable manifestations of plaques on responsibility. Externally, psoriasis of the toes is much like eczema and mycosis. To make clear the prognosis, it is very important bear a whole prognosis.

  • swelling;
  • itching;
  • arthritis;
  • papular rash between remissions;
  • violation of the nail plates.

Treatment

During treatment, a posh of medication is used for exterior and inside publicity. Therapy is chosen taking into consideration the diploma of improvement of the illness.

  • with a progressive stage, each day use of ointments is prescribed – salicylic 2%, fluorocord, flucinar, corticosteroid lotions;
  • stationary interval – ointments that include lowering substances with a excessive focus: sulfur, naphthalan, tar and others;
  • cryotherapy, phototherapy.

At any stage, heat baths of not greater than 38 levels Celsius with sea salt with out components as much as thrice per week, paraffin poultices for foci, and ultraviolet irradiation are really helpful. Positive dynamics are famous after spa treatment.

Internally (strictly as prescribed by the physician):

  • sedatives, preparations containing calcium, advanced treatment with nutritional vitamins;
  • photochemotherapy with a photosensitizer.

Heel spur

Calcaneal spur is the proliferation of tissue in the place the place the plantar tendon is hooked up to the calcaneus. Usually it happens towards the background of metabolic problems (for instance, gout). Risk components are circulatory problems, arthritis and obese. A spur can exist for a very long time with out inflicting any inconvenience.

But in some sufferers, proliferation periodically turns into infected, inflicting ache, which intensifies when strolling. Inflammation typically goes away by itself, however extra typically treatment is required to eradicate it. In extreme instances, injections of steroid medication are used. In addition, with calcaneal spur, docs advocate sporting arch assist and doing particular gymnastics, which helps to cut back the load on the ligamentous equipment.

Mycosis

Mycosis, or in one other method a fungus of the toes, is the most typical illness. Most typically, it impacts the toes, however with extreme an infection can unfold to all legs.

Mycosis manifests itself when an individual wears uncomfortable sneakers, and this is a wonderful medium for the copy of micro organism. The fungus can progress shortly, and the signs of its manifestation are: peeling of the pores and skin, thickening of the dermis on the toes, itching, burning and the look of microcracks.

Note! In this case, self-medication is under no circumstances value it, since an entire vary of measures is required in the battle towards fungus. It can be vital to do not forget that mycosis is a illness that may be transmitted to a different particular person.

Photo and treatment

Mycosis is attributable to a pathogenic organism that has begun to actively develop, so mainly all treatment is aimed toward eliminating it. In order to have the ability to get rid of the illness as shortly as potential, completely different baths, tablets and ointments are used.

Consider the principal medication which might be used in the treatment of mycosis:

  1. If the fungus impacts the toenails, then there are particular varnishes that may penetrate into the very depths of the nail plate and take away the trigger. In addition, such medication will assist disfigure clothes and sneakers.
  2. When selecting sprays and lotions, it’s essential to fastidiously learn in order that they include such a substance as Terbinafine, it’s fungi which might be delicate to it.
  3. To date, there are a big quantity of completely different lotions and ointments that completely address yeast-like fungi. They are additionally used to eradicate sweating toes.
  4. Vishnevsky ointment is usually used in the wrestle, however many refuse it as a result of of the pungent odor.
  5. With mycosis, you may take foot baths with a number of drops of tea tree, which additionally has a disinfecting impact.

Note! In particularly tough instances, when a big space of ​​the pores and skin is affected, docs can prescribe drugs that might be taken by the affected person in parallel with ointments and lotions.

Mycosis is a typical fungal illness that infects the pores and skin of the sole, toes, folds between the fingers. The causative agent secrete fungi of the genus Trichophyton and Candida. Getting on the dermis, they start to multiply actively.

Combing sores or with minor accidents of the affected pores and skin, the fungi deepen into the layers of the dermis. Thus, the an infection is unfold by the motion of blood all through the human physique. In kids and the aged, fungal infections of the pores and skin on the toes are manifested in extra progressive foci, it’s harder to deal with. This is because of a weak immune system.

Symptoms of the illness rely upon its type:

  • The erased type. An early stage of an infection. Examining the affected person, slight peeling between the fingers, minor cracks affecting the higher layer of the dermis are revealed. These indicators of mycosis don’t trouble the affected person.
  • Squamous type. The dermis between the fingers peels off with flat scales, later irritation of the pores and skin, delicate itching is added. There are not any indicators of irritation.
  • Hyperkeratotic type. Rendered flat papules and plaques, cyanotic – reddish colour. The website of harm is especially the arches of the toes. The floor of the formations is totally dotted with scales of a grayish-white colour. The contours are clear, with a slight elevation represented by separating particles of pores and skin, there are the formation of particular person vesicles. The pathological rash is ready to merge into teams, forming scattered foci of very giant sizes. Over time, the total sole, rear and toes are fully lined on the sides. Forms of hyperkeratotic formations (corns) are related to this kind. They are painted yellow, the total floor is broken by cracks. The pores and skin is dry, minor pains and itching disturb.
  • Intertriginous type. Inflammation is similar to strange diaper rash. The largest lesion covers the folds between the fingers. The pores and skin turns into an edematous shade of purple. Over time, sores and getting moist be a part of the signs. With delayed treatment, painful and deep cracks and erosion seem. Additionally, soreness of the affected space, itching and extreme burning are famous.
  • Dyshidrotic type. The formation of a big quantity of bubbles lined with thick tires. The locations of lesions are the arches of the toes. Rashes are inclined to unfold, so well timed treatment is essential. In a uncared for state, they transfer to the total floor of the foot, together with the toe space. Small vesicles step by step start to merge, develop into multi-chamber bubbles of appreciable measurement, succesful of breaking by means of. In their place erosion will happen (colour pink-red). With the abatement of the inflammatory course of, three zones are shaped in the locations of the first localization of the huge focus:
    • heart – pink-red clean pores and skin with a slight bluish tint;
    • medium – erosion is situated, of which serous fluid is launched in a small quantity towards the background of swelling and hyperemia;
    • periphery – multi-chamber blisters are situated; itching is disturbing in these areas of the pores and skin.
  • Acute type. The manifestation of excessive sensitivity to pathogen fungi. Mycosis is quickly progressing. The floor of the toes and decrease legs turns into intensely hyperemic and extremely edematous, plentiful vesicles and blisters with serous-purulent contents seem. Their opening results in large erosion; sores from the folds between the fingers transcend them. Weakness, fever, migraine, problem strolling are individually expressed.
    Cases of signs are completely different: in some they’re pronounced, in others in a hidden, erased type. When fixing the first indicators of an ailment, it is very important instantly go to a dermatologist to ascertain or deny the prognosis.

Read extra about fungal ailments.

Treatment

The effectiveness of the treatment of mycosis relies on three components: the appropriate prognosis, the applicable treatment methodology and affected person self-discipline. Spend it in two levels: preparatory, fundamental.

Features of the treatment of mycosis:

  • It is vital to forestall inflammatory processes of the focus. This is helped by baths with an answer of potassium permanganate and boric acid. After steaming, it’s essential to fastidiously step by step clear the focus of scaly integument. At the finish, apply a drying ointment – salicylic, zinc paste.
  • With extreme sweating of the legs, it is strongly recommended to sprinkle the toes with talcum powder or powder. When the irritation in the leg has been eradicated, antibacterial lotions will be began.
  • When figuring out the kind of fungus, antifungal medication are prescribed internally and externally – Lamisil, Nizoral, Triderm, Clotrimazole and others. The principal objective in the treatment of mycosis is to get well from a fungal an infection.

Fungal lesions of the nails and pores and skin of the toes are a quite common downside. It could be very straightforward to catch an an infection: simply placed on slippers of a sick particular person or use his foot towel. There is a threat of an infection while you go to a public pool, bathhouse or seaside.

Nail fungus violates the construction of the nail plate. It modifications colour, turns into cloudy, thick and brittle. Sometimes the nail exfoliates from its mattress. The affected finger hurts, interferes with strolling. The illness is handled tough and for a very long time (as much as six months). Surgical removing of the nail is typically required.

Epidermophytosis is attributable to a fungus that damages the pores and skin of the toes (most frequently in the interdigital space). She turns into free; moist areas seem that emit an disagreeable odor. Lesions are handled with exterior brokers (sprays and lotions), however in extreme instances they resort to basic remedy.

No one is immune from foot ailments, however everybody can scale back the threat of their incidence. In this sense, it is very important fastidiously observe the guidelines of private hygiene: preserve your toes clear, use a cream to melt the pores and skin, in addition to powders and lotions that scale back sweating. It is important to decide on the proper sneakers (particularly on a regular basis) and comply with the suggestions of docs relating to the sporting of orthopedic home equipment, if mandatory.

Any downside with the toes requires skilled assist. Self-medication makes an attempt often solely exacerbate the scenario, which is fraught with extended incapacity and a lower in the high quality of life.

Ingrown nail

Sometimes the corners of the nail plates develop into the pores and skin of the toes. As a end result, areas are shaped which might be painful when pressed and create disagreeable sensations when strolling. The downside requires an instantaneous resolution, since the rising areas are vulnerable to irritation.

The most typical trigger of the illness is taken into account improper nail care, however it might probably happen after a nail harm, and towards a background of fungal an infection of the pores and skin of the toes. At threat are people who select tight sneakers (not with out purpose ladies undergo from nail ingrowth and a half instances extra typically than males).

An ingrown nail must be handled by a surgeon. Attempts to resolve the downside your self can result in harm to the pores and skin and an infection of the wound.

Fungal an infection happens with extreme sweating of the legs, particularly in closed areas of the pores and skin, if the evaporation of sweat is considerably tough. In addition, some ailments can contribute to the emergence of micro organism.

For the formation and progress of fungi, a moist setting is required, subsequently, extreme sweating and moist sneakers are thought-about to be scary components for the incidence of such ailments.

If fungal ailments of the legs happen, the treatment consists of two levels – preparatory and principal. The preparatory stage includes the removing of scales and keratinized pores and skin particles. For this, a range of strategies and medication are used. When finishing up the treatment of a fungus with a particular device, they deal with not solely legs, but in addition sneakers.

Neurodermatitis

This species belongs to the group of allergic ailments with a hereditary manifestation. An vital function in the course of the illness is performed by the state of the nervous system. The length of the illness is calculated in many years.

There are two types of neurodermatitis:

  1. Limited. Localization on the legs – popliteal dimples, inguinal – femoral folds.
  2. Diffuse. The illness impacts any space of ​​the pores and skin. Sores are characterised by a scaly floor, blood crusts, cracks.

For these types, rashes in the type of nodules are attribute, that are grouped collectively, forming a steady crust, a pointy painful itching, leaving scars when combing.

  • extreme itching;
  • sure locations of localization;
  • peculiar rashes, attribute allergic reactions;
  • distribution of foci throughout combing.

Treatment

  • dry heat local weather: sanatoriums in the southern international locations, or thermal air baths;
  • observe the each day routine;
  • keep away from annoying conditions; relaxation mode;
  • food plan remedy – exclude allergen merchandise;
  • deal with concomitant ailments – infections.
  • antihistamines:
  • vitamin remedy:
  • physiotherapy:
  • enjoyable therapies.
  • tar and corticosteroid ointments.

For sufferers, it is vitally vital to manage preventive vaccinations, vaccines, a strict choice of blood merchandise throughout transfusion, medication, to exclude allergic exacerbations.

Neurodermatitis is a illness that happens towards a background of allergic reactions and is inherited. The illness can happen because of the nervous or emotional state of an individual.

The extra an individual experiences, the better the threat that neurodermatitis will present itself. As a rule, the signs are that the pores and skin begins to itch strongly, in some locations you may even really feel a tingling sensation.

Photo and treatment

Treatment of neurodermatitis consists in such actions:

  1. First of all, the physician should precisely determine the supply, if all of it occurs on a nervous foundation, then medication are prescribed that may assist the affected person relax.
  2. In parallel, medicines directed towards allergic reactions are prescribed.
  3. Rashes on the pores and skin are handled with particular ointments and lotions that scale back itching and burning.
  4. In acute types, injections are prescribed.
  5. Additionally, you should use therapeutic baths with decoctions of herbs and oils, however solely after prior session along with your physician.

Neurodermatitis will be cured fairly shortly, and in the future, in order that it doesn’t seem once more, it is sufficient to monitor your emotional state.

Malignant melanoma

Melanoma on the leg could also be a darkish brown outgrowth. It is taken into account harmful, as it might probably trigger metastases. Malignant melanoma progresses in a short time and refers to most cancers, subsequently, at the first detection it’s essential to seek the advice of a physician.

Photo and treatment

There is just one technique to remedy malignant melanoma – to take away it. At the first and second levels, it’s eliminated with small patches of pores and skin round, if the lymph nodes had been drawn into the course of, then they’re additionally eliminated by surgical procedure.

Self-medication is harmful as a result of in the future bones will be affected and then radiation remedy can’t be allotted with. In the third and fourth levels, the affected person is given a course of chemotherapy.

Foot melanoma (most cancers) is the most aggressive and nearly incurable of malignant tumors. She is ready to type metastases. To determine the illness on time, common monitoring of current moles and age spots on the legs is vital.

This type of most cancers is extraordinarily harmful. In a short while, new formations can attain the inside organs. In one 12 months, a horrible illness impacts the lymph nodes, by means of them and blood vessels it penetrates into all organs – bones, mind, liver, lungs.

Melanoma can develop independently, however in giant instances it hides towards the background of birthmarks, making it tough for docs to diagnose early. Subungual melanoma is frequent; in most instances, the large toes are affected.

  • the fast emergence of new entities;
  • in an outdated mole on the leg, measurement and construction enhance;
  • black blotches appeared in the already darkened tumor;
  • a large space of ​​irritation round the edge of the pigment spot on the leg;
  • extreme itching and bleeding formation on the pores and skin.

Treatment

A illness is handled in two methods:

  1. Surgery is suitable in the preliminary levels. With early prognosis, eradicating melanoma on the toes shouldn’t be tough. The measurement of lower than one millimeter shouldn’t be thought-about a malignant tumor, doesn’t require pressing operation of the pigment spot. An indicator above 1 mm – the tumor is excised. The melanoma itself and a small space of ​​pores and skin round the focus are eliminated. It offers 100% end result.
  2. Combined treatment is used for extra superior levels. The lesion exceeds 1 cm, asymmetrical edges are uneven in colour, particular person advanced treatment is chosen. First, a spotlight is irradiated, after which a tumor with an intensive space of ​​adjoining tissue is excised. After such an operation, plastic of the affected space is important. Patients after treatment require fixed monitoring to forestall the look of new malignant melanomas. After treatment, immunotherapy is prescribed.

Plantar fasciitis

The illness is an irritation of the connective tissue of the soles and often manifests itself in not too intense however persistent ache. Only a physician can diagnose plantar fasciitis. Treatment takes a minimum of six months. Drug remedy, physiotherapeutic procedures and common fixation of the foot (often at night time) are prescribed.

This is a formation that develops on the comfortable half of the sole. A wart is much like a callus, however, in contrast to it, is ready to germinate inside tissues. Gradually, it turns into denser and begins to trigger sharp ache when strolling. The trigger of the plantar wart is a viral an infection. Getting rid of the downside shouldn’t be straightforward. It is important to seek the advice of a physician who will select the methodology of treatment (drug remedy, nitrogen cauterization, and many others.).

Epidermophytosis

Epidermophytosis happens if the legs are continually in a moist setting, for instance, people who work in baths, gyms or saunas most frequently undergo.

This illness is contagious and will be transmitted to a different particular person. It shouldn’t be potential to note epidermophytosis instantly, so the first signs seem lengthy after the an infection itself.

Photo and treatment

The principal treatment is to eradicate the trigger. As a rule, docs prescribe nearly the identical ointments as with mycosis.

If ulcers and fissures seem, then they need to be continually handled with particular medicines. To date, there are a ample quantity of ointments and lotions.

Epidermophytosis of the toes is the most typical fungal illness (dermatomycosis) affecting the pores and skin and nails of the toes. For the improvement and life expectancy of the fungus, heat moist locations are favorable – the dermis between the toes.

Without obstacles, they unfold from a sick particular person to a wholesome particular person: when shifting with out sneakers, the dried scales from the pores and skin of the toes stay on the ground, then they fall on the pores and skin of the toes of a wholesome particular person. Once on the pores and skin of a brand new proprietor, it’s mastered vigorously.

The exterior indicators of the illness are nicely camouflaged, so the peddler of the an infection is probably not conscious of his downside. Repeated defeat is primarily affected by people who’ve beforehand suffered this ailment.

Symptoms rely upon the type of epidermophytosis:

  1. Squamous type. Peeling in the space of ​​the arch of the toes is attribute. May assault minor areas or, conversely, the total foot. Mild itching is attribute. The illness can happen with out signs, thereby worsening the epidemiological scenario. At the preliminary stage, one foot is affected, with a chronic sickness, the illness impacts the second foot.
  2. Intertriginous type. It is shaped throughout the course of the squamous type. The location of the illness between the fourth and fifth toes. This type is characterised by cracks surrounded by exfoliated dermis between the fingers, itching and ache in locations of localization. The illness assaults the folds of the fingers and foot. The illness is lengthy, relapse happens in the winter. Without commentary and treatment of this kind, a continual “erysipelas” of the legs and thrombophlebitis develops, because of the defeat of streptococcal an infection.
  3. Dyshidrotic type. Characteristic indicators are the look of bubbles of completely different sizes. They are capable of join collectively, type ulcerative crusts with exfoliated dermis at the edges. The an infection is ready to progress inside and exterior the lateral surfaces of the toes. Symptoms – soreness and itching. When an contaminated space is contaminated, the fluid in the vesicles turns into cloudy, pus is launched. Acceptable improvement of lymphangitis and lymphadenitis. The illness has an extended course, there are intervals of remission and exacerbations.
  4. Epidermophytosis of nails. Yellow grooves or spots are traced alongside the nail edge. After the nail thickens, modifications colour to yellow. With epidermophytosis of the nail, a violation of the plate is famous, it crumbles and breaks, thins and is rejected. Frequent harm by the fungus of the first and fifth toes is famous.

Treatment

The objective is to destroy the colonies of fungi and their neoplasms.

Features of the treatment of epidermophytosis:

  • With a gentle type, the affected areas are handled topically utilizing ointments: sulfur-tar, mycosolone, Wilkinson ointment, lotions and dressings.
  • The extreme part of the illness, accompanying inflammatory processes, is handled with a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Treatment of epidermophytosis of nails on the toes begins with the removing of the nail, after the nail mattress is handled, the fungus is hidden there. Use antifungal ointments, plasters with keratolites, fungicidal liquids.

Here we’ve already lined the query of the best way to deal with the fungus on the legs.

Sesamoiditis

Sesame-shaped are two small brittle bones situated in the thickness of the tendons that present flexion of the large toe. The weakening of tendon tissues and extreme load on the foot can result in a fracture of these bones and the improvement of the inflammatory course of in the surrounding tissues (sesamoiditis).

Pathology is manifested by ache and swelling of the sole close to the thumb. For correct prognosis, an x-ray is required. The treatment consists in making use of anti-inflammatory and painkillers. The affected leg must be saved at relaxation, periodically making use of compresses with ice. In the rehabilitation interval, sporting an arch assist is indicated.

Fatigue fracture

With extended stress, so-called fatigue fractures of the foot bones happen. They are small cracks (often metatarsal bones). Most in danger of receiving such accidents are people who’re pressured to remain on their toes for a very long time every day and put on too free sneakers.

A fatigue fracture heals shortly at relaxation. The hazard of harm consists, first of all, in the impossibility of self-diagnosis. With continued hundreds, the crack can develop, forming an actual fracture, which would require extended immobilization and subsequent rehabilitation.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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