Acute heart failure Acute heart failure is a sudden decrease in the contractile function of the heart, which leads to impaired intracardiac hemodynamics and pulmonary circulation. An expression...
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Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is another name for this pathology. Basically, it begins as a result of atherosclerotic vascular lesions. The pathogenesis (development mechanism) of this disease consists...
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The development of heart failure occurs under the influence of the destruction of the myocardium or excessive load on the cardiovascular system. Past conditions or existing heart diseases...
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This group includes all genetically determined disorders in the coagulation system associated with a deficiency or molecular anomalies of plasma coagulation factors and the components of the kallikrein-kinin...
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There are a number of predisposing factors for this disease. This includes smoking, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, diabetes mellitus and a number of other adverse conditions. New pharmacological...
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Indeed, it is important to take into account the menstrual cycle when features of the hormonal background are revealed in relation to a variety of active compounds, not...
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Shortness of breath in heart failure is confused with other types of shortness of breath. Namely: Inspiratory: a person is painfully given a breath. Observed in patients with...
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Symptoms in multiple sclerosis depend on the specific location of the focus of demyelination. As a result, the course of multiple sclerosis and its symptoms in each individual...
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In our country, two clinical classifications of chronic heart failure are used, which significantly complement each other. One of them, created by N.D. Strazhesko and V.Kh. Vasilenko with...
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Prevention can be carried out only with secondary defects, and timely treatment of foci in which a chronic infection is localized, as well as the fight against hypercholesterolemia,...
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The initial position of the patient is lying on his back, on a firm and even horizontal surface. Place something under the legs to raise the victim’s straight...
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Acute vascular insufficiency is characterized by a decrease in blood pressure – hypotension. Its extreme manifestations are fainting, collapse, shock. Fainting. He often does not need medical treatment....
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Anemia is a blood disease that can be caused by a lack of certain trace elements in the body. The most common type of this pathology is iron...
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The term ACS is understood as an acute violation of the blood supply to the heart – myocardial infarction and unstable angina. As a rule, acute coronary syndrome...
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Unfortunately, the origin of this ailment by scientists is not fully understood. However, studies in this area indicate that decompensated heart failure can occur if there are provocative...
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Chronic heart failure is a syndrome that is expressed in a decrease in systolic and diastolic function of the heart and chronic hyperactivation of neurohormonal systems. It occurs as a result of various cardiovascular diseases.

Today in the world there is a significant number of people with chronic heart failure. Of those who go to the clinic, patients with this diagnosis are only 1-2%, however, in older age groups, the incidence of the disease rises to 10%. Almost every second patient (49%) with a disease in the stage of decompensation is subject to hospitalization in the cardiology department of the hospital.

Thanks to successes in the development of cardiology, the detection of heart failure among the population has increased so much that it looks like a real epidemic. If timely treated for heart attacks and other diseases, you can significantly increase the life expectancy of patients.

Chronic heart failure occurs mainly due to atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and hypertension. Diabetes mellitus often leads to chronic heart failure in older people. In Russia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (13%) and an acute history of cerebrovascular accident (10.3%) also lead to the disease.

Many other diseases of the cardiovascular system that lead to chronic heart failure (heart disease, cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, cardiac arrhythmias) in total make up no more than 5%, since they are successfully treated. In case of rejection of the timely proposed surgical treatment, there may be irreversible consequences for life and health.