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Chronic heart failure is a syndrome that is expressed in a decrease in systolic and diastolic function of the heart and chronic hyperactivation of neurohormonal systems. It occurs as a result of various cardiovascular diseases.

Today in the world there is a significant number of people with chronic heart failure. Of those who go to the clinic, patients with this diagnosis are only 1-2%, however, in older age groups, the incidence of the disease rises to 10%. Almost every second patient (49%) with a disease in the stage of decompensation is subject to hospitalization in the cardiology department of the hospital.

Thanks to successes in the development of cardiology, the detection of heart failure among the population has increased so much that it looks like a real epidemic. If timely treated for heart attacks and other diseases, you can significantly increase the life expectancy of patients.

Chronic heart failure occurs mainly due to atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and hypertension. Diabetes mellitus often leads to chronic heart failure in older people. In Russia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (13%) and an acute history of cerebrovascular accident (10.3%) also lead to the disease.

Many other diseases of the cardiovascular system that lead to chronic heart failure (heart disease, cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, cardiac arrhythmias) in total make up no more than 5%, since they are successfully treated. In case of rejection of the timely proposed surgical treatment, there may be irreversible consequences for life and health.