An increase in blood density during pregnancy is a process prescribed by nature. The fact is that the female body is being rebuilt and begins to prepare for childbirth, which is inevitably accompanied by blood loss. The thickening process reduces its volume. But it is important to ensure that the performance of the coagulation system is not excessively increased. For this, during pregnancy, a woman at different periods performs a coagulogram, which shows the state of the blood coagulation system.
This control is especially necessary for expectant mothers with thrombosis, varicose veins, leukemia. Diseases during this period can manifest themselves with complications in the form of blood clots in large vessels. This is dangerous for both the woman herself and the fetus. The possibilities of drug treatment of pregnant women are significantly limited, therefore nutrition plays a major role in the correction of blood composition.
Obstetrician-gynecologists recommend consuming more vegetable oil (except corn), as well as vegetables and fruits. It is necessary to reduce the consumption of meat, replacing it with lean fish. Unlike other patients, pregnant women should not increase their water intake too much – this will create an additional burden on the kidneys, which already work in an enhanced mode.
A separate emphasis should be placed on the fragmentation of nutrition. Eating in small portions will help improve digestion. You can add a little dill to vegetable salads.
If you want to start using folk remedies, you must first consult with your doctor. All recommendations for the selection or rejection of certain products should be followed.
Thick blood entails many health problems. First of all, the likelihood of blood clots forming in the vessels increases. They disrupt the normal blood circulation in the body, and can also clog the pulmonary and cardiac arteries and veins, creating a life threat. To prevent the formation of blood clots, doctors prescribe anticoagulant drugs to their patients.
If you take anticoagulants for a long time, the risk of side effects increases, in particular, the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines suffer, the qualitative composition of the blood is disturbed, and the risk of developing stomach ulcers increases.
If the doctor considers it possible to refuse to take anticoagulants with a switch to a menu that promotes blood thinning, then this recommendation should be followed. It is better to completely replace drugs with food products to thin the blood, but only on condition that this does not contradict the doctor’s prescription.
The menu should contain fresh vegetables and fruits. Preference should be given to apples, cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes. It is best to eat meat less often, and fish more often. During gestation, ginger, bay leaf should be discarded, as these products can provoke premature detachment of the placenta and even lead to miscarriage.
All homeopathic medicines are prohibited during pregnancy.
As for greenery, that is, it is needed, but in small quantities. You should eat often, but in small portions. Vegetable salads must be seasoned with vegetable oils. Pickles, fish, vegetables help to make the menu more diverse. If a pregnant woman has any questions about making the menu, then she needs to ask them either to her doctor or to a professional nutritionist.
All products that affect the quality of blood have an effect on other organs, so you need to choose them correctly. It is important to remember the compatibility of the various components of the dishes, their compatibility.
Green tea with raspberry leaves and raspberry juice are drinks that do an excellent job of thinning the blood. This is possible thanks to the aspirin-like substances that make up raspberries.
In addition, you can adopt the following recipes:
In the morning on an empty stomach, you can drink 100 ml of celery juice, or eat 100 g of blueberries. These products contain substances that thin the blood, increase blood circulation, and eliminate stagnation. Their intake will help get rid of edema.
Ginger root and garlic are products that thin the blood and also have a bactericidal effect, while stimulating appetite. To successfully deal with blood viscosity, you can prepare a tincture on garlic. To do this, grind two cloves of garlic, pour a mixture of 150 ml of vodka and insist for 10 days. Then the tincture is filtered and taken in 10 drops, mixed with a tablespoon of water. Drink tincture half an hour before the meal.
To thin the blood, you can drink elderberry broth, dandelion juice, willow bark tincture.
Leech therapy is a proven method that reduces blood viscosity.
Article author: Volkov Dmitry Sergeevich | K.M. surgeon, phlebologist
Education: Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry (1996). In 2003, he received a diploma from the educational and scientific medical center for managing the affairs of the President of the Russian Federation.
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When to thin the blood
With poor blood counts, you do not need to despair. Often the problem is fixable without medical treatment. Only a competent diet is needed, based on products that prevent the formation of blood clots:
- Berries They have a lot of salicylic acid, which relieves inflammation and reduces blood density. Raspberries, strawberries, gooseberries and cranberries are best. The remaining berries in the diet also will not hurt.
- Ginger. Reduces blood sugar and perfectly dilutes blood.
- Spicy pepper. It contains capsaicin, which normalizes blood circulation, provides an active flow of blood to all organs and reduces its coagulation.
- Olive or linseed oil. Vitamin E and Omega-3 fatty acids perfectly thin the blood.
- Cinnamon. Adding spices to food helps relieve inflammation, lowers blood pressure and reduces the likelihood of developing tumors.
- Nuts and seeds. An excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which can reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Garlic and garlic powder are cholesterol lowering foods. Eating garlic helps to normalize blood pressure, reduces blood viscosity and reduces the risk of blood clots.
- Tomatoes Contain lycopene, which normalizes cholesterol. Also in tomatoes there is a routine, due to which the walls of the vessels gradually strengthen.
- Sea kale. Iodine is very useful for blood and the human body as a whole, vascular tone increases with regular use of this product.
- Persimmon. This fruit is a storehouse of antioxidants and flavonoids, which contribute to blood thinning. A persimmon diet helps lower cholesterol.
- Red cabbage. It contains potassium, which is important for blood. In general, any kind of cabbage is recommended to be consumed, but with thick blood, attention should be paid primarily to red cabbage.
- Citrus foods contain vitamin C and plenty of fluids. Lemon is considered the most effective for the problem of thick blood.
- Honey. Eating sweet nectar thins the blood and prevents blood clots.
- Sprouted Wheat Another product that quickly dilutes blood. It can be added to the diet as a seasoning for salads. Wheat is recommended to be consumed in the amount of one teaspoon per day.
It is difficult to identify the most effective products that will help reduce blood density. It is better to diversify your diet and introduce into it all of the listed vegetables and fruits that normalize blood circulation. After a month of regular use of the “right” products, a positive result can be noted. Well-being will also improve markedly.
Many people see nothing wrong with blood clotting. But this process can cause serious consequences for the body. The concept of “thick blood” does not belong to the category of scientific terms. Excessive viscosity in the medical language is called hyperviscose syndrome and is accompanied by the following processes:
- an increase in the number of red blood cells;
- an increase in hemoglobin containing iron and proteins;
- violation of the ratio of blood elements to plasma (hematocrit).
Similar deviations are established using laboratory tests. At the same time, normative viscosity indices differ for different age groups. In adults, they look as follows:
- relative density from 1048 to 1066;
- the viscosity of whole blood in relation to water (whose indicator is taken as a unit) is permissible in the range from 4,0 to 5,5;
- the ratio of the specific gravity of red blood cells to plasma density: 1,092-1,095 to 1,024-1,050;
- in hematocrit, the norm in men is 40–54%, in women – 37–47%.
In infants, the blood is thick and in terms of performance is very different from adult norms. On the first day of life, the content of red blood cells in the body of a newborn can be more than 5,5 T / l. Hemoglobin – from 160 to 200 g / l. After a few days, the data changes in a smaller direction.
Similar test results do not indicate any pathology. Just in the first few days, the child undergoes adaptation to the environment and adapts to spontaneous breathing. By an adult norm, blood counts are adjusted closer to the end of the first year of life.
For the full functioning of the body, the density of blood should fit into the indicated norms. Its decrease accelerates blood flow, thickening, on the contrary, slows it down. This can cause the development of pathologies of the heart and blood vessels.
People who have already been diagnosed with the following diseases need to thin the blood:
- heart attack;
- ischemia of the heart or brain;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- poisoning, accompanied by dehydration due to diarrhea or vomiting;
- pathology of the adrenal glands;
Blood viscosity should also be controlled by those who suffer from diseases that lead to an increase in the content of proteins and red blood cells, people over 45 years old, as well as those who take hormonal oral contraceptives. If you take measures aimed at diluting blood in time, you can prevent most of the above pathologies.
You should be wary of the appearance of such symptoms as:
- pain in the head;
- constant fatigue;
- numbness (or tingling) in the limbs.
These manifestations can be periodic (for example, with dehydration) and disappear after recovery. Otherwise, you should consult a doctor and donate blood. This will help start treatment. It depends on what causes the excess viscosity of the blood.
Proper nutrition helps to solve many health problems. Of course, if the disease is started or discovered late – you can not do without drugs. But, when the deviations are insignificant or there is a genetic predisposition, a well-designed diet will not only help thin the blood, but also improve the general state of health.
Natural haemostatic agents include the products shown in the table.
|Product Groups||Product Names|
|CEREAL CROPS||Brown rice|
In addition, to dilute blood, you must follow the correct drinking regimen. At least 2 liters of water should be consumed per day. This will help to avoid dehydration.
You can add the following drinks to plain drinking water:
- green tea;
- freshly squeezed juices from fruits, vegetables or berries with a sour taste;
- herbal decoctions.
Saturation of the diet with these products will help to fill the shortage of necessary substances, strengthen the walls of blood vessels and prevent the formation of blood clots. If desired, you can enhance the therapeutic effect of traditional medicine recipes.
Cardiovascular disease is the cause of death for most people around the world. To prevent death from heart attack, stroke, and embolism, millions of people regularly take blood thinners. But there are also many products, herbs, spices and nutritional supplements that can act as natural anticoagulants.
However, patients who take blood thinning medications should not refuse treatment. Because natural blood thinners are difficult to dose. No one knows how much is needed to achieve this or that effect.
Natural products that prevent blood clots are especially suitable for people who want to prevent and improve the rheological properties of blood. Before use, you need to consult a doctor.
All fruits and vegetables thin the blood well; they have a lot of water in their composition. But there are other beneficial substances in them. For example, vitamin C, which strengthens the walls of blood vessels, improves their structure, so that blood circulates better throughout the body.
List of Vitamin C-rich garden crops:
- cabbage (broccoli, cauliflower, pickled, white);
- Bulgarian pepper;
Vitamin E improves overall metabolism in the body. It cleanses the veins of blood clots.
Foods Rich in Vitamin E:
- Fruits, berries:
- rose hips;
- black currant.
- black Eyed Peas;
- sunflower seeds.
- Vegetable oils:
Plant foods rich in folic acid are especially effective in thinning blood in pregnant women.
List of fruits with folacin:
- currants (white and black);
- ripe pear.
Foods rich in omega-3 oil remove harmful cholesterol from the blood, these include:
- linseed oil;
- walnuts ;
- sprouted wheat;
- varieties of fish with a high fat content: tuna, trout, salmon, mackerel, sardines.
- Dry natural red wine reduces the amount of methionine and gometsestein substances that increase blood coagulation. Its antithrombotic effect is due to: phenols, nitric oxide, quartzine and flavonoids. But in everything you need to know the measure. A glass of wine is enough per day. Use it and diluted with water.
- Red grape juice has a similar effect to red wine in improving blood quality characteristics.
- Green tea strengthens the walls of blood vessels. It is especially useful for varicose veins and hypertension.
- The chicory drink contains phenols that improve blood flow.
- Herbal teas with medicinal herbs containing coumarin. successfully thin the blood.
- List of plants with a useful substance:
- narrow-leaved fireweed;
- pharmaceutical camomile;
- Red clover;
It is not for nothing that residents of southern nationalities are famous for their life expectancy. They know well what blood thinning and blood clotting foods you need to eat.
- Garlic contains the substance Ahoen (a strong anticoagulant). A caustic product must be able to cook properly. Do not crush it, but crush it. In lightly roasted garlic, ahoen is also released well. Garlic is cooked with tomatoes, an acidic environment promotes the release of a useful substance.
- Onions incorporate quercetin, which blocks the formation of blood platelets. It is useful even when fried. The most useful are red and yellow varieties of onions.
- Cloves, ginger, cumin contain the beneficial ingredient eugenol. This substance does not allow platelets to accumulate and adhere to each other.
Reasons for increasing viscosity
The functioning of all internal organs depends on the condition of the coagulation system. Blood quality must be carefully monitored and factors that lead to its thickening taken into account.
The main ones are:
- lack of essential substances (lecithin, vitamin C, zinc). Often this is due to impaired liver function;
- poor ecology in the region of residence or work, including exposure to radiation;
- quality of drinking water, pollution, chlorination, aeration is especially negatively affected;
- excessive consumption of caffeinated drinks that remove water;
- hot climate;
- lack of enzymes, which leads to the penetration into the circulatory system of incompletely broken down proteins and lipids;
- intestinal inflammation;
- excessive exercise;
- violation of water metabolism (when the absorption of incoming fluid occurs in the large intestine).
Bad eating habits also lead to problems. Fans of fatty foods, sugar, fast carbohydrates and preservatives are at risk – this food causes the formation of cholesterol plaques. At the same time, there are a number of products that help reduce the negative impact on the blood system.
A pathological coagulation tendency or tendency to blood thrombosis can be congenital. However, most often the reasons lie in the general lifestyle and diet of the victims. In most cases, thrombosis occurs in the veins, because there the blood flows much more slowly.
However, blood flow can be accelerated if a person moves regularly. Therefore, exercise is one of the best ways to preserve the rheological properties of blood. A sedentary or upright activity — possibly in combination with being overweight — is “toxic” to the bloodstream and, therefore, to blood vessels.
Another cause of blood clots is damage to the walls of blood vessels. In these places, plaques and blood clots form. Then the blood clot dissolves and finally gets stuck in the subsequent narrower blood vessel.
Damage to the walls of the vessel, as well as an increased tendency to blood coagulation occur for the following reasons:
- lack of exercise (also due to bed rest);
- smoking (constricts blood vessels, causing damage to the walls of blood vessels);
- an unhealthy diet deficient in antioxidants and vital substances;
- high homocysteine levels;
- fluctuations in blood sugar;
- high blood pressure;
- synthetic hormones (birth control pills!);
Being overweight can cause a tendency to impair blood clotting.
Elevated homocysteine levels are usually the result of a deficiency of vitamins and antioxidants. In addition, fat metabolism, blood sugar and blood pressure, not to mention weight, can be influenced and regulated by diet.
The main function of blood is transport. It has a fluidity and is more than 90% water. The easiest way to reduce blood viscosity is to drink more water.
It is necessary to force yourself to move more. With physical inactivity, blood also stagnates. But excessively strong loads are harmful to the circulatory system of the body: there should be a measure in everything.
If a vital fluid poorly supplies the organs, oncology develops.
Many drugs contribute to the fact that the blood becomes thick, begins to flow more slowly through the vessels. The more a person consumes sugar, the higher the risk of blood clots, as this negatively affects blood viscosity. Other risk factors include hereditary diseases of the hematopoietic system, pathology of the liver and pancreas.
The thicker the blood, the worse the person feels. He gets tired faster, suffers from daytime sleepiness, at the same time his memory and attention are deteriorating. If you find such symptoms in yourself, you should not postpone the visit to the doctor. Otherwise, you can wait for the development of such serious health problems as: heart attack, stroke, pulmonary embolism, hypertensive crisis, etc.
The right diet gives a positive effect, but it can be short-term, because most often we use not only products that strengthen the walls of blood vessels, but food that thickens the blood.
Such products will not harm a healthy person, and no one will notice a slight change in blood density. But for those who have problems with high blood density, it is better to remove them from the diet.
List of products that contribute to blood density:
- animal fats;
- buckwheat grain;
- stigmas of corn.
It is important to review nutrition in a comprehensive manner, to exclude from it not only foods high in vitamin K, but also fatty foods, flour and too high-calorie ones. This will benefit the blood and the body as a whole. The diet is not too complicated and is not too strict. In this case, you need to eat more fresh fruits, vegetables and drink a lot of still water.
Prohibited Foods for Thick Blood
Prolonged dehydration will negatively affect blood density. Dehydration is the result of eating disorders, chronic vitamin deficiency, inadequate fluid intake, bad habits, stress and digestive system diseases.
Alcohol intake causes severe dehydration of the body, as well as its poisoning by the decay products of ethyl alcohol. Blood becomes thicker, which is fundamental for the development of diseases such as heart attack and stroke. Smoking also contributes to the pathological changes that occur in the vessels, the risk of developing atherosclerosis increases.
Eating low-quality and harmful products, as well as daily stresses contribute to blood clotting, increase the risk of blood clots. Enzymatic insufficiency aggravates disorders in the digestive processes, leads to an increase in blood viscosity.
Along with products that contribute to improving blood quality, there are those that exacerbate the situation. To avoid severe consequences, their use should be minimized.
Products such as: increase the risk of thrombosis
- pork and fat;
- buckwheat grain;
- baking and baking;
- any sausages;
- smoked meats and pickles;
- walnuts and peanuts;
- canned food;
- high fat dairy products;
- carbonated drinks;
- goose meat;
- beans and lentils.
Alcohol and smoking are very harmful to the vascular system and blood formation.
In addition, some herbs can cause blood clots. Among them:
- St. John’s wort;
- stigmas of corn;
Infusions and decoctions of them can be used for course treatment, but in no case do not drink constantly.
The indicator of blood density is easy to adjust. To do this, it is enough to follow simple recommendations for eating, to walk more in the fresh air and abandon bad habits. Medicinal herbs will enhance the effect, and proper medical monitoring will help to notice the problem in time and solve it without serious health consequences.
What funds should be limited
You can thin the blood using folk methods. Usually use decoctions of such herbs:
Herbal treatment seems to be the easiest and safest option. But before taking decoctions, it does not hurt to consult a doctor. Self-medication can lead to unpleasant consequences and negative side reactions.
Particularly attentive to the choice of treatment methods is necessary during pregnancy. The woman’s body during this period is weakened and blood thickening may be one of the results of hormonal changes. In this case, treatment is not required, you just need to control the change in blood counts for several months. Reviewing the diet and choosing foods that thin the blood will be the right solution to quickly resolve the problem.
For questions regarding nutrition, you can contact a nutritionist or gastroenterologist.
Anticoagulants are usually prescribed for the elderly, who often take many other medicines at the same time. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs increase the effect of anticoagulants, so there is a risk of serious bleeding.
Antidepressants, some antibiotics, thyroid hormones and analgesics also thin the blood. However, cortisone and metformin (drugs to lower blood sugar) weaken the effect of coumarins.
Even herbal medicines are sometimes not recommended when taking blood thinners. St. John’s wort – a popular herbal antidepressant – reduces the blood thinning effect of most foods. Before using any medicine or food, it is recommended that you consult with your doctor to avoid side effects.
Nature has a huge number of plants, which are natural anticoagulants. On their basis, you can prepare effective folk remedies that will help normalize blood coagulation.
Here are some popular recipes:
- Pound two cloves of garlic and add vodka (about 150 g). Leave in the dark for ten days, strain and drink half an hour before eating ten drops, dissolved in 1 tsp. water.
- Take in equal parts the fireweed, clover flowers, clover, meadowsweet, hawthorn berries, lemon balm and valerian root. Stir, 2 tsp. hold the mixture in a water bath in 0,5 l of boiling water. To drink a day.
- Dissolve 0,5 g of ground nutmeg in 100 l of vodka, insist for a couple of weeks, strain and drink before meals (30 minutes), dissolving 30 drops of tincture in 50 g of water.
- Mix the pulp of two lemons with a chopped head of garlic. Insist for three days, strain and drink 1 tsp. before eating. The course of treatment is 14 days.
- 1 tbsp. l chopped willow bark insist in a thermos, pour 500 ml of boiling water. Take in the morning and evening in a glass.
- Grind the leaves and roots of dandelion, squeeze the juice from the resulting mass and dilute it slightly with water. Consume 1 tbsp. l with honey.
- 200 g of honey mixed with onion juice (250 g), insist 10 days, then drink for 30 days, 1 tbsp. l three times a day on an empty stomach.
- Pour 50 g of crushed chestnut peel with 0,5 l of vodka and insist in the dark for 14 days. Drink three times a day for half an hour before meals, 1 tsp. Dissolved in 50 g of water.
Green tea with raspberry leaves will also reduce blood density. Half a glass of blueberry juice, drunk in the morning on an empty stomach, among other things, will improve blood circulation and reduce swelling.
Hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches) is also actively used to thin the blood. The main thing to remember is that any natural component can cause allergies. Therefore, it is worth taking funds, only after making sure of its absence. It is especially important to observe this condition during the period of bearing the child.
What is not allowed?
In the presence of diseases associated with the heart and blood vessels, as well as with increased blood viscosity, you need to refuse to eat the following products:
Bread and any products based on white flour. This is true for baking, cookies, biscuits, pastries, etc.
All sweet foods: sweets, chocolate, sugar, jam, caramel.
All products that are sources of animal fats: butter, margarine, dairy products, hard cheeses.
Products that have been smoked or preserved.
Fatty meat and sausage.
Starchy foods: potatoes, bananas, etc.
Alcoholic drinks. The exception is dry red wine.
Strong tea and coffee should not be drunk in large quantities, as they help eliminate fluid from the body and thicken the blood. The same applies to sweet carbonated drinks. Also, you can not get involved in the consumption of greens, in particular, parsley, dill and spinach.
What to eat during pregnancy
During pregnancy, an active hormonal rearrangement occurs in the female body, which can become an impetus for the formation of blood clots. Blood viscosity in women in the position is often elevated. Therefore, such a problem as varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, etc., is relevant for them.
Even those diseases that occurred in a woman in disguise can worsen during pregnancy, which is associated with a deterioration in immunity. This is especially true in relation to cardiovascular pathologies.
Legs suffer from thrombophlebitis and varicose veins in the first place. After all, the load on them is incredibly increasing. If a woman had preconditions for varicose veins before pregnancy, then after her onset the disease can develop very quickly. Sometimes terrible complications such as thrombophlebitis join.
Most drugs are not allowed to be taken during pregnancy, so doctors recommend that women follow a blood thinning menu. The basis of the diet should be vegetables, fruits and oils of vegetable origin. Be sure to drink a sufficient amount of liquid, but only in the volumes recommended by doctors. Otherwise, the load on the kidneys will increase, which can be no less dangerous than blood clotting.
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