Kidney damage in diabetes mellitus than it is dangerous, causes and treatment

Diabetes is a serious illness. Unfortunately, very often this disease negatively affects the kidneys. It is kidney problems that torment the patient very much. We have to carry out various procedures, in some cases, and operations.

Very often disorders in the kidneys are the cause of death in patients with diabetes mellitus. Thus, we can conclude that the kidneys are greatly affected by this disease.

Why is it dangerous

This complication is very common in patients with diabetes mellitus. All this leads to the development of more and more serious kidney problems. As mentioned earlier, kidney damage gives the patient great discomfort. And in the future it can lead to not the most pleasant consequences.

However, you should not immediately get very upset and give up, if you monitor your body and health, you can maintain the condition of the kidneys in normal condition. Accordingly, avoid subsequent problems.

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Causes

The kidneys perform many different functions in the body. One of which is the purification of the blood from harmful substances. Thus, the blood stream passes through the kidneys and is purified. The harmful components are then removed from the body. In diabetes mellitus, blood also “comes” to the kidney, but at the same time with a high sugar level, which, in turn, “attracts” a lot of fluid, which is not good for the kidneys. A lot of pressure is created in them.

By the way, the filtration process takes place thanks to the so-called “glomeruli”. They are found inside each kidney. There is a certain tissue around them, which in turn begins to thicken. Because of this, the capillaries inside the “glomeruli” are forced out. Therefore, their work is gradually disrupted. Accordingly, the purification of the blood from harmful substances also deteriorates in the future.

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Symptoms

The processes described above definitely make themselves felt and manifest themselves as the following symptoms:

  • Headache.
  • Impaired performance.
  • Bad feeling.
  • Fatigue.
  • Skin irritation, itching.
  • Vomiting.
  • Stomach upset.
  • Bad taste in the mouth as well as odor.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Convulsions.

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In some cases, the person may faint or even be in a coma. Thus, the symptoms are very serious and well felt. If the patient finds them, then immediately you need to consult a doctor, a specialist will prescribe certain tests or examinations.

In no case should the symptoms be ignored. After all, if you do not pay attention to the symptoms that are described at first, then you can move on to more serious ones, such as loss of consciousness or coma.

Diagnostics

It was said above that if symptoms are detected, you must immediately consult a doctor who will prescribe the necessary examinations and tests. On the basis of them, you can already diagnose and prescribe treatment. Again it is necessary to repeat that you cannot self-medicate. After all, many people do just that.

It must be remembered that the sooner the problem is discovered, the faster you can fix it or how to cure it in this case. And only a competent doctor can do this. You should also not endure, for example, a headache. Better to tell the doctor about it. Perhaps these are some “signals” that indicate that something is wrong in the body. In this case, the doctor will again help the patient.

As tests, the doctor may prescribe a blood and urine test for creatinine, a urine test for albumin. There may be other diagnostic methods, but this is purely individual and at the discretion of the doctor. After all, the patient may have other complications with this disease. And on the basis of everything, the specialist prescribes analyzes and diagnostics.

Many argue that it is precisely the recognition of violations at an early stage that is already the key to preventing the development of violations. But another important point is the comprehensive treatment that was taken on time.

Treatment

First of all, it should be said that there are several stages of kidney damage: 3,4,5. Accordingly, each will have a different approach and treatment. And this must be taken into account. For the first stage, it is adherence to a diet, namely, it is necessary to reduce the amount of animal proteins in the diet, ACE inhibitors, correction of dyslipidemia.

For the next stage, it is also necessary to follow a diet, in this case it is necessary to reduce the intake of proteins, as well as the intake of salt, ACE inhibitors, correction of dyslipidemia (in this case, as in the treatment of the third stage, certain drugs are also included).

For the last stage, it is necessary to normalize the hemoglobin index, to prevent osteoporosis, as well as to solve a problem that has already progressed. In this case, the issue of kidney transplantation is already being discussed.

There is no need to try to independently determine your stage and prescribe the appropriate treatment. In these matters, the best option is to find a good specialist who will supervise the treatment.

preventive measures

In a word about a good specialist. If you detect diabetes mellitus at an early stage and go to treatment on time, you can avoid complications. However, if the situation is already running, then it is necessary to undergo treatment. In that case. If there are no kidney complications, it is imperative to take a number of preventive measures that will help to avoid all the bad things mentioned in the article. And it is possible.

First of all, many experts believe that it is necessary to constantly monitor and take tests. And also to analyze important indicators in order to maintain the body in normal condition and prevent various complications. Or at least find them in time. So, in order to prevent kidney problems, it is necessary first of all to constantly monitor the blood sugar level. This point is the most important.

Next, you need to monitor blood pressure. Ideally, it is also constantly measured and monitored. As already mentioned, the patient is definitely recommended to take tests. In order to control kidney function. Such tests are advised to be taken once a year, as much as possible. In this case, if necessary, the attending physician will prescribe additional examinations.

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You also need to remember that you need to take medications. Be sure to follow a specific diet. This point is also very important. As a rule, this diet is very strict. But it is important to understand that all measures aimed at treating the body and in no case should nutrition be neglected.

It is also advised to go in for sports, but at the same time do not overload yourself. You should also give up such addictions as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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