The figure of the upper pressure indicates the state of the heart at the time of its compression (systole), when the organ ejects blood into the bloodstream. An increase in this figure means that it’s hard for the heart to work, the efforts it makes to eject blood into the vessels are excessive for it. In this case, the state of the vessels does not change, which means that the lower pressure remains normal.
An increased load on the heart occurs due to atherosclerosis and organic myocardial damage. The human body is a complex mechanism. Any deviation from the norm provokes a chain reaction. Hormonal imbalance, existing or transferred heart diseases, high cholesterol as a result of malnutrition or lipid metabolism impairment entail systolic hypertension.
High systolic pressure with a normal lower (for example, a clinical variant of 140/80 mm Hg) means a response of the body to the presence of certain malfunctions or primary diseases. Please note that in this case, the patient loses his vitality, which can cause a number of complications.
Accordingly, in the normal state of the CA figure, the blood pressure is not more than 120 mm Hg. Art., and lower – do not exceed 80 mm RT. Art. Moreover, the only allowable difference in these indicators should not exceed 30-40 mm RT. Art. High arterial pressure in combination with a normal lower value contributes to the development of isolated hypertension.
Very often, disorders occur in elderly hypertensive patients due to deterioration of the cardiovascular system. At the same time, diastolic pressure can even normalize with age or even decrease, and systolic pressure, on the contrary, may rise slightly. Accordingly, age can be attributed to factors contributing to the formation of just such a ratio.
High upper Blood pressure with normal lower can also be associated with low extensibility of the main arteries, in other words, with a violation of the elasticity of the vessels. Moreover, this feature mainly relates to the aorta. The physiological norm of the main artery is considered to be the reception and stopping of the cardiac output force precisely due to its own elasticity, and after passing through it, the blood is passed already further through the body.
The functions of the vessels of small diameter, as well as the vessels of the hematomicrocirculatory bed, do not change at this time, respectively, the diastolic indicator Blood pressure remains unchanged.
We can conclude that isolated systolic GB is not a single disease, clinical form, but a subtype of hypertension, in which a person has only high systolic pressure with a normal (in rare cases, underestimated) diastolic rate. This provokes progression in the long term and heart failure, and in addition, negatively affects the work of the kidneys.
Isolated isolated systolic hypertension can rightly be called a disease of the elderly, because in teenagers it is much less common. The fact that the upper pressure is high – the lower normal is due to the pathology of a predominantly vascular nature, which occurs due to their atherosclerotic lesion.
High upper pressure indicates that there are problems with the heart, and the vessels are in a normal condition.
It is important to know if the upper pressure is high. and lower within normal limits, this condition is unsafe. Before lowering the upper pressure. you need to understand why it is growing. The reasons for this condition may be:
- impaired vascular function in people over 65 years. With age, the walls of blood vessels lose their elasticity, blood flow in these arteries worsens due to a decrease in the volume of blood ejected by the heart;
- hormonal changes. Often high systolic pressure is detected in adolescents during hormonal adjustment;
- heart aortic valve disease;
- thyroid disease and impaired renal function;
- improper lifestyle (low mobility, smoking and alcohol abuse, frequent stress, overeating).
Often the cause of increased systolic pressure becomes heredity. Therefore, it is important to know what diseases relatives had. Men under 50 are more likely than women to experience hypertension, in particular, with increased systolic pressure.
With age, women begin to experience increased pressure when they enter the period of menopause. The fact is that with menopause, the concentration of female hormones (estrogens) decreases, namely, they maintained the elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels, protected them from atherosclerosis. After the onset of menopause, women will learn what isolated systolic hypertension is.
Symptoms of elevated upper pressure are the same as with hypertension. A person experiences:
- pains in the back of the head and temples, stitching pains in the region of the heart;
- tinnitus, darkening in the eyes;
- dizziness, loss of coordination;
- nausea, sometimes up to vomiting;
- frequent urination to urinate.
The most dangerous condition with increasing blood pressure is considered a hypertensive crisis, in which increased systolic pressure is most pronounced. The danger of crisis is the risk of cerebral ischemia, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema. A crisis can be fatal, so you can not ignore the state when systolic pressure is increased.
Causes and possible dangers of ISAG
Many people are interested in the reasons why the upper pressure is high and the lower is normal. There are quite a few factors that lead to this deviation:
- Disruption of blood vessels, atherosclerosis. Most often this is observed in people over 65 years old. As the body ages, the vessels become less elastic, which leads to a decrease in the volume of blood that is expelled by the heart.
- Change the balance of hormones. Quite often, an increase in upper pressure occurs in adolescents and is associated with hormonal changes in the body. Similar symptoms may occur during pregnancy.
- Pathology of the thyroid gland.
- Kidney damage.
- Aortic valve disease.
- Unhealthy Lifestyle. The cause of the violation can be stressful situations, bad habits, lack of motor activity, malnutrition.
Causes of high upper pressure can be hereditary factors. Therefore, it is so important to know what pathologies the closest relatives suffer from. Men under 50 are much more likely to experience hypertension.
However, with age, similar problems can occur in women. Pathology usually appears during menopause and is associated with a decrease in the amount of estrogen in the body. It is these hormones that support the elasticity of blood vessels and prevent the development of atherosclerosis.
If the upper pressure rises, and the lower remains within the normal range, you should immediately consult a doctor. This condition can lead to the following consequences:
- disorders of cerebral circulation;
- irreversible pathologies of the kidneys;
- acute myocardial infarction;
- the appearance of malignant hypertension;
- deterioration of vision.
The main reason for increasing blood pressure is considered age-related changes in the human body. It is because of this that problems with heart and pressure often appear in people older than 50-55 years. At this age, the hormonal background begins to change, which is why the blood vessels and heart weaken. Other factors causing hypertension include:
- Narrowing of the vascular walls. Often, increased upper pressure disturbs people with poor vascular elasticity. The vascular walls cease to expand normally with age, and this leads to a deterioration in blood flow.
- Atherosclerosis. The disease is accompanied by blockage of the vascular passages and circulatory problems. The problem arises from a sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition, or abuse of alcohol. With atherosclerosis, it is recommended to drink vasodilator drugs that will help normalize blood pressure.
- The age of women. Vascular diseases often appear in women aged. This is due to the fact that after 50 years, most women have a hormonal malfunction, due to which the amount of estrogen decreases and the walls of the vessels are destroyed.
The following causes lead to an increase in blood pressure:
- heart and vascular diseases;
- thickening of the walls of blood vessels.
Women under 50 years of age are less likely than men to experience an increase in pressure, but over this age, the number of women suffering from this disease increases sharply. In particular, the predominance of systolic hypertension is noted, probably this is due to hormones.
The development of increased systolic pressure contribute to:
- age-related changes in the walls of large arteries;
- kidney disease;
- excessive activity of the adrenal glands and thyroid gland;
- malfunction of the aortic valve.
At a young age, when expelled by the heart in a blood artery, they expand and then contract. In old age, the elasticity of the walls of the arteries decreases, their ability to expand and contract decreases.
A number of factors, including age-related changes, lead to the deposition of fat on the walls of arteries, which contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. Systolic pressure usually rises until the end of life.
Why the upper pressure is high and the lower is low and what to take to normalize these indicators depends on the cause of the development of the disorder, concomitant diseases and the patient’s age.
In the vast majority of cases, high upper and low lower blood pressure are the result of improper treatment of hypertension. This usually means that high upper pressure is the result of improper drug therapy.
In addition to hypertension, the causes of high upper pressure can be in the following conditions:
- arteriosclerosis of blood vessels;
- renal impairment;
- myocardial depletion;
- pathologies of the thyroid gland;
- frequent stress.
Obese people leading a sedentary lifestyle are subject to such a violation. Hypodynamia leads to circulatory disturbances in the lower body, as a result of which the load on the myocardium increases and the upper pressure increases.
Often, adolescents experience this form of hypertension and high upper blood pressure. This condition is due to hormonal changes in the body and does not require specific treatment. Blood pressure normalizes after the hormonal background returns to normal.
The reasons for the increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure are mostly the same, but different processes occur in the body, due to which this or that indicator changes. An increase in lower pressure is provoked by the same factors as the upper one, with the exception of kidney diseases, which are characterized by a rise in the second digit in the value of the patient’s arterial pressure.
- Age-related changes. In patients older than 65 years, vascular tone decreases, blood circulation worsens, calcification develops.
- Hormonal imbalance. Adolescents of “transitional” age have high upper pressure with normal lower pressure.
- Heart disease. In particular, the state of the aortic valve affects the level of blood pressure.
- Pathology of the endocrine system.
- Lifestyle. Blood pressure rises as a result of frequent use of alcohol and smoking, the use of a large amount of animal fats, frequent stresses.
Age-related changes can cause high blood pressure.
Before you start treating a pathology, you need to familiarize yourself with its varieties. Two types of ISAG, which are found in patients with high blood pressure, are distinguished.
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Primary form of ISAG
In most patients, it is the primary form of pathology that develops when several factors affect the body. The causes of this variety of the disease include:
- alcohol abuse;
- extra pounds that appeared due to problems with fat metabolism;
- passive or active smoking;
- compaction of the walls of blood vessels due to hormonal changes in the body;
- increased levels of hormones that increase blood pressure;
Secondary form of ISAG
This form is considered more dangerous, as it develops due to complications of the following pathologies:
- Violations of a congenital or hereditary nature. These diseases include coarctation and polycythemia, in which the number of red blood cells in the blood increases.
- Problems with the cardiovascular system. Renal atherosclerosis, vascular inflammation and problems with heart contraction are referred to vascular and cardiac disorders.
Classification of changes in diastolic pressure
Type 1 (60%) – no increase.
Type 2 (40%), or “burned out hypertension” – a gradual transition of the form with increased numbers of upper and lower pressure in the ISAG.
Stable – fluctuations in the upper pressure are insignificant, a crisis increase is extremely rare.
Labile or crisis – pronounced fluctuations in systolic pressure with frequent hypertensive crises.
At the initial stages of development, the pathology has an asymptomatic course. Signs of the disease may appear already at the stage of destruction of internal organs and tissues. Therefore, any signs of a violation should be the basis for going to the doctor.
The main manifestations of the disease include the following:
- general weakness;
- irritability, anxiety, irritability;
- respiratory failure;
- nausea and vomiting;
- deterioration of vision;
- blue skin, especially in the area of the nasolabial triangle;
- bleeding from the nose;
- headaches – localized mainly in the occipital region.
The characteristic symptoms of the disease include:
- pain and discomfort in the heart;
- headache, which increases with bending or intense physical exertion;
- memory impairment;
- mood swings;
- general weakness;
- darkening in the eyes with sudden movements and blurred vision.
With a crisis course of the pathology, blood flow insufficiency increases, due to which the patient’s well-being worsens and complications appear. In patients, dizziness with headache intensifies and bleeding becomes more frequent. To stop the further development of complications, it is recommended to consult a doctor after the appearance of the first symptoms of an increase in blood pressure.
If it is not possible to get a tonometer, you need to pay attention to signs that often indicate the presence of hypertension. Symptoms of high blood pressure are divided into:
- autonomic – repeated pulsation in the head, frequent palpitations, annoying sensations in the heart, chills, facial flushing, anxiety;
- neurotic – periodically occurring headaches in the neck, tinnitus, fatigue, irritability, insomnia, dizziness;
- excess fluid in the body – the water in it is delayed, which leads to puffiness of the face. Sometimes there is numbness of the fingertips, a tingling sensation on the skin.
However, most often hypertension occurs absolutely without symptoms. Isolated systolic hypertension is treated in the same way as other forms of the disease. It is necessary to change the lifestyle and take medicines.
Once the reason why the upper pressure is high and the lower is low is established, what to do for treatment will depend on the symptoms of the disorder. Elevated systole may be accompanied by signs of high systolic pressure, but only if the values exceed 140 mmHg.
Possible symptoms include:
- headache in the occipital part;
- pain in the chest;
- sleep disorders;
- finger tremor;
The higher the pressure, compared with the norm, the more pronounced symptoms are observed in the patient. With slight increases in blood pressure, the only symptom may be a headache. It usually spreads along the occipital part of the head and is accompanied by a burning sensation.
With a significant increase in blood pressure, tachycardia, shortness of breath, and a sense of anxiety appear. With a large difference between the upper and lower pressure, respiratory failure during sleep is possible due to this. Patients often report severe irritability, a sense of panic, or sudden fear. Psychosomatic symptoms appear when blood pressure is above 160 mm Hg.
Symptoms of ISH combines the manifestation of cerebral, renal and coronary disorders due to impaired blood flow. The history of the disease, in most cases, is prolonged, manifests gradually, over 5-10 years, against the background of a systematically elevated SBP, regardless of its underlying cause. But there are even such cases when in general any symptomatology with ISH is completely absent. It depends on the following factors:
- the biological age of the affected vessels (in other words, it is estimated not how many years the patient is, but a characteristic of the real state of his vascular bed);
- the presence of atherosclerotic lesions of the great arteries;
- individual susceptibility of the patient.
The most common complaints that patients themselves make when making a diagnosis are:
- abnormally fast fatigue – even a slight physical or mental stress will lead to a sharp breakdown;
- highly accelerated heartbeat – the so-called sinus tachycardia (manifests even in a state of relative rest);
- a feeling of pronounced “pulsation” in the head (occurs in the temporal region most often);
- frequent nosebleeds – occur even without any provoking factors;
- inspiratory or expiratory dyspnea (recorded even in a calm state);
- cardialgia, similar to that observed in coronary artery disease, but only significantly worse with worsening weather.
By and large, the clinical symptoms of ISH have a lot in common with the classical manifestations of essential hypertension, and only a qualified specialist can make a final diagnosis based on systematic and long-term monitoring of the patient’s condition (at least 3 measurements of calm pressure on each arm will be required )
ISAG in 50% of cases is asymptomatic until there are signs of impaired blood flow in the heart and brain. Manifestations are the same for all forms of hypertension:
- headaches of different localization and intensity;
- discomfort, pain in the projection of the heart;
- non-specific symptoms of chronic cerebral blood flow insufficiency: fatigue, mood changes, memory problems, etc .;
- decreased vision, “flies” and darkening in the eyes.
In a crisis course at a height of pressure, severe headache, changes in vision, nosebleeds, dizziness may occur. But more than half of patients have no specific clinical manifestations. High level of pressure – an accidental finding at the doctor’s or at home; often the general state of health does not suffer, allowing you to perform normal activities.
Secondary changes in blood flow in the main organs gradually reduce the ability to perform familiar activities and leads to disability.
If necessary, the doctor may recommend performing an ultrasound examination of the vessels and chest x-ray. Consultation of a neurologist and ophthalmologist is often required.
All people with suspected ISAG should see a doctor and have a diagnosis. It is carried out to confirm a stable increase in upper blood pressure, identify the stage of the disease and prevent the development of a secondary form of pathology.
When a diagnosis is made, an anamnesis is taken to get acquainted with the patient’s complaints and to check his predisposition to hypertension. Patients with a predisposition to such diseases require constant monitoring.
After collecting an anamnesis, a dynamic pressure measurement is performed to determine the level of deviation from the norm. When measuring blood pressure, the following recommendations should be followed:
- Before the procedure, you should make sure that the patient is completely calm, since in this state you can get the true values of blood pressure.
- It is necessary to properly seat the patient so that his hands are at chest level.
- Measurements are carried out 2-3 times at once on two hands. In this case, a break of 5-7 minutes is made between each measurement.
With an increase in CA, blood pressure should immediately be sent to a therapist who will conduct an initial examination and, if there is a suspicion of secondary hypertension, send to a cardiologist or endocrinologist. Note that in the case of the presence of root causes, one way or another, associated with damage to the heart muscle, a diagnosis should be observed by a cardiologist for several months.
To select the optimal treatment, the patient will have to undergo a comprehensive examination, which will determine the true etiology of elevated SBP. The following analyzes and studies are performed:
- Ultrasound of the heart;
- chest x-ray, if necessary – coronarography;
- general clinical and biochemical blood analysis;
- Ultrasound of the thyroid gland.
- determination of cholesterol and blood sugar.
In some cases, with the great difficulty of conducting clinical diagnostic tests, a cardiologist recommends Holter monitoring — taking a daily cardiogram.
A diagnosis of ISAG can be made if the upper pressure is persistently ≥ 140 mm. Hg. Art. and lower ≤ 90 mm. Hg. Art. For an accurate assessment, daily pressure monitoring is performed outside the medical facility.
In addition to meeting the criteria for diagnosis (other forms of hypertension are diagnosed by the same method), when conducting daily monitoring, the type and form of ISAG are established.
When high systolic blood pressure is detected, choosing the right treatment can be quite difficult. In such a situation, only an integrated approach will help to achieve the desired effect. What to do in this case, the doctor will tell. It is imperative to follow a diet, make adjustments to the lifestyle, play sports.
To reduce upper blood pressure, it is necessary to deal with the treatment of pathology. Timely treatment will not only help to quickly get rid of hypertension, but also prevent the occurrence of complications. In the treatment of ISAG, medications prescribed by the attending physician and alternative methods are used.
To eliminate the symptoms of hypertension at home, they often use traditional medicine. There are several effective folk remedies that can normalize blood pressure:
- Flaxseeds. Flax seeds are very useful, as they contain acids that positively affect the cardiovascular system. To get rid of the signs of hypertension, you need to eat chopped flaxseeds every day.
- Garlic. Experts recommend using garlic medicine during therapy. For its preparation, three cloves of a vegetable are cut into pieces and poured with hot water. Then the liquid is insisted until the morning and is drunk every day twice before meals.
Therapy with folk remedies does not always help to cope with the symptoms of the disease, so you have to use medicines. It is not recommended to choose drugs for treatment on your own, therefore, before taking any medicine, it is better to consult a doctor.
The following drugs are used to lower the upper blood pressure:
- Diuretic drugs. With their help, excess fluid is removed from the body, so that the pressure normalizes.
- Inhibitors Such drugs are taken if kidney problems occur with hypertension.
If the patient reveals a high upper pressure, the doctor will conduct an examination, including the measurement of:
- body mass index;
- blood cholesterol, etc.
The first thing you need to do to try to lower the pressure is to change your lifestyle.
Treatment without medication can only be at an early stage of the disease. In this case, a person periodically has a slight increase in blood pressure, and it is not sustainable. Therapy at this stage consists of:
- proper nutrition;
- giving up bad habits;
- intake of vitamins;
- avoid stressful situations.
In the presence of systolic hypertension, there are a number of tips for changing your lifestyle:
- Nutritional change. Reduce pressure by 8-14 mm RT. Art. a diet consisting of vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products will help. In addition, it is necessary to limit the intake of unsaturated and saturated fats.
- Limit salt intake. If every day to reduce the consumption of this product by 6 grams, then the upper pressure can be reduced by 2-8 mm RT.article.
- Weight loss. Lower systolic pressure by about 1 mmHg. Art. every kilogram lost will help.
- Limit alcohol consumption.
- Physical activity. At 4-9 mm RT. Art. upper pressure will decrease due to walks in the fresh air for 30 minutes. Walking, running, swimming, dancing benefit the body, dilate blood vessels, increase blood flow, thereby reducing pressure.
If it is not possible with the help of a healthy lifestyle to cope with systolic hypertension, then the doctor prescribes antihypertensive drugs to the patient. In the presence of a mild form of the disease, as well as if there are no serious concomitant diseases, thiazide diuretics are mainly used. They contribute to the removal of excess sodium and water from the body.
Periodic cleansing of the vessels brings benefits. It helps in this case tincture – garlic and lemon-garlic. A course conducted with its help will help:
- improve well-being;
- facilitate the work of the heart and blood vessels;
- make the vessels elastic;
- eliminate sclerotic plaques leading to vasoconstriction.
You need to know that in many cases, upper pressure to normal will help bring proper nutrition, rest, sleep, and at the same time do not need medications.
It is almost impossible to reduce high upper pressure while maintaining normal lower pressure values at home. In a hospital, this is achieved by administering various doses of drugs intramuscularly or intravenously.
Drinking any antihypertensive tablets to normalize high upper pressure without affecting the lower is not recommended. Nevertheless, the doctor may prescribe drugs of the ACE inhibitor group (for example, captopril) for prolonged use, but only if the upper pressure exceeds 150 mmHg.
With a slight increase in upper pressure at home, you can take any antispasmodic:
- peony tincture;
- drops of Corvalol.
These drugs relieve vascular spasm, reduce headache and slightly lower blood pressure. At the same time, these drugs do not have an effect on lower pressure.
Tablets should be drunk to relieve headaches. Permissible single dose – no more than two tablets. Drops Corvalol should be drunk with strong psycho-emotional stress of 20 drops. They relieve spasm, relax the nervous system and help to fall asleep.
Peony tincture is recommended for hypertensive patients as a remedy for heart rhythm disturbance and stress. It acts quite delicately and does not have a pronounced effect on blood pressure.
Elevated upper pressure is dangerous to health and life in general. Elimination of low blood pressure is considered less complex, and the phenomenon itself is less dangerous. Even if high blood pressure does not make itself felt and is detected only by measurement, it must be treated. It is not enough just to relieve pressure, you need to find and eliminate the cause of its growth, to remove the load from the heart muscle.
Self-medication in this situation is not necessary, because taking medications (even phytotherapeutic folk remedies) on your own, without special recommendations and preliminary examinations for the presence of contraindications, is extremely dangerous.
Recommended antihypertensive therapy is mainly aimed at preventing GB crisis and deterioration of the kidneys (too high pressure, primarily affects their functionality).
If the diagnosis of isolated systolic hypertension is made to a young person, then a comprehensive examination of the whole organism is subsequently recommended in order to identify the true cause of the disease. As a rule, it can be renal failure or heart disease (both acquired and congenital). Therapy is prescribed only on an individual basis, systematic monitoring of pressure is mandatory.
Regarding the recommendations for the treatment of CA, blood pressure – in principle, all the same groups of hypotonic drugs are used:
- Diuretics (or diuretic pharmaceutical group). Normalization of indicators Blood pressure occurs due to the excretion of excess water from the body. Thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics are commonly used.
- Beta blockers. Not only reduce the SBP, but also normalize the heart rate.
- Calcium antagonists. Drugs from this group allow you to lower the level of blood pressure in a relatively short period of time, which is why they are usually used to stop the crisis. Somewhat less often, as planned therapy for hypertension, combined with coronary heart disease.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Medicines of this pharmaceutical group allow a positive effect on the kidneys and central nervous system, thereby exerting a pronounced protective effect.
As a rule, therapists decide on the feasibility of combining drugs that have a hypotensive effect. In addition to them, with systolic hypertension, it is advisable to use drugs that repeatedly improve cerebral hemodynamics, as well as microcirculation and metabolic processes of brain tissue.
Timely initiated and systematically conducted comprehensive treatment with the obligatory prescription of geroprotectors, an individual approach to the selection of antihypertensive drugs, stable maintenance of the level of SA blood pressure within 140 mmHg, lifestyle correction are all key to successful treatment and reduce the likelihood of cardiovascular complications such as AMI and stroke.
Even despite its safety, before using folk remedies in practice, it is necessary to discuss each of the proposed methods of treatment with your doctor. The thing is that with their illiterate use, serious problems can also arise, mainly related to the hyperergic reaction of the human body.
So, the following drugs of natural origin gained the most popularity:
- Acetic compress. Apple cider vinegar is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1, and poured onto a cloth. It remains only then to stand on a towel soaked in such a composition.
- Temperature drop. Hot water is placed in one container, cold water in another. It is necessary 3-5 times to alternate the immersion of the legs in each pelvis. In hot water (approximately at a temperature of -40 ° C), legs are placed for two minutes, and in cold water – for half a minute.
- Head massage. A light massage of the forehead, temporal and parietal areas is performed with stroking movements, with a transition to a stronger massage.
- Cold compress is a first aid method, it can not be implemented more often than 3-4 times a week. Everything is very simple – ice is applied to the cervical vertebra from both sides.
- Alcohol tincture of calendula – it can be bought ready-made in any pharmacy. 30 drops are taken 3 times a day.
- An alternative option is to lower the blood pressure index – drink a decoction made from needle swamps, dill seeds, hawthorn flowers, taken in equal proportions. For 50 g of a mixture of these components, 1 liter of boiling water is used. The mixture is kept in a water bath for 15 minutes. It remains only to strain and drink.
- Aromatherapy Essential oils, the effect of which effectively lowers blood pressure, include lavender oil and oregano. The therapeutic effect consists in stopping nervous excitability. You need to drink 3 drops, 3 times a day, bite with linden honey.
Traditional medicine suggests taking a rosehip broth if the upper pressure is high, and the lower is kept within normal limits. This tool has a diuretic effect, removes excess fluid from the body and lowers blood pressure.
A natural diuretic does not increase lower pressure, but does not reduce it. As a diuretic, you can take a decoction of parsley or just eat a bunch of fresh herbs.
To normalize the psycho-emotional state at home, you can brew a sedative broth of their root Valerian and lemon balm. To prepare the drug, place a tablespoon of each plant in a thermos and pour 500 ml of boiling water. The medicine should be infused for 4 hours, and then take 100 ml three times a day.
Cold tea hibiscus will help reduce pressure. It is recommended to drink it during the day, replacing black tea with a drink. With isolated systolic hypertension, pomegranate juice and berry fruit drinks are useful. They strengthen the cardiovascular system due to the large number of essential vitamins and minerals, and at the same time have a light diuretic.
Strong drugs with an increase in only the upper pressure can not be taken on their own. If the symptoms are severe, there is severe arrhythmia and severe shortness of breath, you must call an ambulance at home, but do not try to self-medicate.
Only with adequate and timely treatment can one expect that the situation will turn out relatively well. First aid is also very important, which includes such actions:
- Definitely need to calm down, because excessive panic and fear of death will greatly aggravate the situation. As a means to ensure speedy sedation, you can easily use tincture of Valerian or Valocordin.
- It is necessary to bring breathing back to normal. For this purpose, a deep breath is taken for this, then an exhalation. In this case, the patient’s head must always be in an elevated state. The necessary position of the body is half-sitting.
- It is recommended to apply ice to the back of the head.
- It is necessary to ensure constant access to fresh air – in the room to open all the windows, and ideally in general to bring a person into the street.
- It is very important to ensure not a sharp, but a gradual decrease in blood pressure indicators – 10-15 mm Hg each. every half hour. It is strictly forbidden to drastically lower blood pressure. This can cause orthostatic collapse, which will lead to redistribution of blood and can cause fainting.
- As a means of emergency care with high blood pressure include captopril. If there is a combination with chest pain, Nitroglycerin is also taken. But even if the pressure has normalized and stabilized, you still need to see a doctor to determine the most correct patient management tactics.
To prevent the occurrence of problems, it is necessary to prevent the occurrence of isolated systolic hypertension:
- get rid of excess weight;
- reduce the amount of salt in the diet;
- consume foods that contain calcium, potassium and magnesium;
- stop drinking alcohol;
- conduct anti-stress therapy;
- control the course of diabetes in the presence of such a pathology;
- use any medicine only under the supervision of a doctor.
An increase in the upper Blood pressure against the background of normal lower indicators may indicate dangerous violations. To cope with the pathology, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive examination and clearly adhere to the doctor’s recommendations.
It is recommended to take a responsible approach to the prevention of such a pathology as an increase in upper pressure. Disease prevention consists of the following:
- Getting rid of extra pounds. It’s no secret that due to obesity, people have health problems, and one of them is hypertension. Therefore, it is recommended to go on a diet in a timely manner in order to lose weight and lose weight.
- Reduced salt intake. Frequent consumption of salty foods worsens vascular patency and disrupts blood circulation. Therefore, it is recommended to slightly limit the amount of salty foods. Instead of salt, you can season salads and dishes with lemon juice.
- Refusal of alcohol. Alcohol abuse leads to the development of a hypertensive crisis, so it is better to completely abandon strong drinks.
- Diabetes control. Often, diabetics develop hypertension as a complication. In order to somehow control high blood pressure, it is recommended to monitor blood sugar levels.
- Physical exercise. Insignificant physical activity dilates blood vessels and promotes better blood flow.
The best treatment is a systematic prophylaxis of the disease. In order for the level of blood pressure not to rise, the same measures are shown as with essential hypertension:
- Diet – hypertension, regardless of the type of disease, you need to eat right. It is recommended to drink more juices from fresh vegetables. High protein and low fat foods are essential. You need to eat more fiber-containing foods. It is very important to give up salt.
- Getting rid of extra pounds. This is achieved not only by diet, but also by properly selected physical activity. Reasonable action would be to get advice from a professional nutritionist and trainer. But you shouldn’t lose weight urgently – gradualness is very important here in order to prevent overload of the cardiovascular system. You can lose weight in six months or a year.
- Getting rid of bad habits. It is necessary to forget about smoking altogether; only small amounts of dry red wine are allowed from alcohol.
- Systematic anti-stress therapy. A person has to learn to control himself, to manage nervous shocks and negative events in such a way that the force of stress does not in any way affect the physiological state.
- Therapy of concomitant pathologies (if any).
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