Heart palpitations, what to do Causes, medicines

Normal indicators of heart rate in an adult should vary from 50 to 75 beats per minute and coincide with the number of contractions of the heart muscle. The voltage, filling and rhythm of the pulse are also important. The main symptoms of paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia, portending the onset of an attack, are:

  • the occurrence of pain and a characteristic push in the chest;
  • difficulty breathing;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • shortness of breath and fainting;
  • indigestion, trembling hands;
  • darkening of the eyes;
  • an increase in size and swelling of the cervical veins.

Symptoms of other types of tachycardia, in which case the patient may need emergency medical attention, include increased sweating, severe pain and a feeling of heaviness localized in the left side. The onset of sinus tachycardia is most often preceded by high fatigue in combination with a pulse rate of more than 90 beats per minute.

Support should be provided to the patient if his heart rate exceeds a threshold of 125-130 beats per minute. In children and adolescents, tachycardia, which requires medical intervention, may be accompanied by pallor of the skin, dizziness and complaints of pain in the chest area. In infants, an impending attack is diagnosed by an increased respiratory rate, groundless whims and severe anxiety.

In the case of severe arrhythmias, beta-blockers are used, such as Anaprilin or Visken, which are administered mainly by injection. Drugs like Lidocaine and Novocainamide are used for attacks of supraventricular tachycardia, however, they have a number of side effects in the form of a decrease in cardiac output and a slowdown in blood vessels in the pulmonary system. Often resort also to the following pharmaceuticals:

  1. Verapamil (or Isoptin) is used when it is necessary to get rid of an attack as soon as possible. After the exacerbation phase is completed, it is worth taking one tablet three times a day.
  2. Ventricular forms of paroxysmal tachycardia usually require intravenous administration of glycosides and antiarrhythmic drugs (Cordanum, Flecainide), as well as electro-pulse therapy.
  3. Aimalin has a minimal amount of side effects compared to most similar medications, so it is often used when the use of other drugs is unacceptable.
  4. Rhythmilen is prescribed in cases of arrhythmias of atrial or ventricular origin.
  5. Persen has a mild sedative effect. Available in the form of capsules and coated tablets. The composition of the drug includes: lemon balm, peppermint and valerian extract.
  6. In attacks of paroxysmal tachycardia and exacerbations of atrial fibrillation, hawthorn tincture is often used, which has a sedative effect, normalizes the level of blood pressure and makes an accelerated heartbeat low.

What to take with tachycardia? Of the synthetic drugs, Relanium (better known as Diazepam) is most often used, which reduces the intensity of the attack, and also eliminates the feeling of anxiety and fear. It is strictly forbidden to inject or take it in pill form in case of alcohol intoxication.

What to do in order to minimize the likelihood of an attack of tachycardia? First of all, a person suffering from such problems should enrich the daily diet with products containing vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the heart. These include: nuts, honey, fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs. Fatty foods, drinks containing caffeine (tea, coffee, energy), alcohol and smoking should be completely eliminated.

It is important to ventilate the room daily, take time for walks in the fresh air and limit the number of stresses and strong emotional experiences. The patient needs a full sleep and rest, therefore, it is not recommended to overdo it at work and be too sensitive to failures and minor troubles. Also, do not forget that the use of any pharmaceutical preparations must be agreed with a cardiologist.

With a rapid heartbeat, treatment is determined only by a doctor. To relieve an exacerbation of an attack, certain conditions must be observed. First you need to understand what heart rate is dangerous or normal for a single person. The concept of tachysphygia deserves special attention – the so-called increased heart rate, namely, more than a hundred beats per minute.

pri uchashchennom serdcebienii chto prinimat 1 - Heart palpitations, what to do Causes, medicines

A normal, calm pulse in adults is 60-80 beats per minute. If the indicators are low, then the person most likely has bradycardia, and when it is more than normal, tachycardia. If any pathology is the cause of sharp jumps, then such values ​​can be regarded as signs of this disease. No need to rush to the pharmacy – you will always have time to take the pill. The heart can begin to beat intensely, for example, when a person experiences happiness, excitement or fear, which is ensured by the release of adrenaline.

If there is a short-term increase to 100 strokes, and in some cases up to 200, then the case can be considered as a physiological norm. The blame for this is often the usual emotional outbursts or physical exertion.

The disease has its own characteristic manifestations, among which the following are most often noted:

  1. If a person has trembling fingers at the time of the attack with his arms extended forward, then this symptom may indicate that he took a large number of medications or, independently, without consulting a doctor, started taking a medication that does not suit him.
  2. With tachycardia, which manifests itself quite often, a sharp loss of body weight can be observed. In this case, the reason may be associated with the use of hormonal drugs, as well as drugs that suppress appetite.
  3. During an attack of tachycardia, severe sweating can be observed, then the most likely reason is that the patient took a large dose of caffeine.
  4. With tachycardia, nervousness can be observed, in this case it provokes smoking, physical activity.

Tachycardia can be caused by stress, excessive drinking, insomnia, and overwork.

Pathology may indicate that a person has serious health problems, such as:

  • inflammatory process affecting the heart muscle;
  • high blood pressure;
  • disorders of the thyroid gland;
  • decrease in sugar level.

But in order to accurately say what to take with tachycardia, it is necessary to seek the help of a doctor so that he finds out the exact cause of this condition and prescribes the correct therapy. But at the time of the attack, you can help a person yourself.

Indicate your pressure

  • shortness of breath and intermittent breathing;
  • increased perspiration;
  • the urge to vomit;
  • panic fear;
  • feeling as if the heart is beating violently.

uchashchennoe serdcebienie 1 - Heart palpitations, what to do Causes, medicines

If the symptoms recur repeatedly, and it is rather difficult to slow down or relieve them, you should immediately consult a doctor (general practitioner or cardiologist). It is very important to exclude dangerous diseases (anomalies of the thyroid gland and tachycardia) that provoke a rapid heartbeat. For this, a person passes the necessary tests and undergoes a comprehensive examination.

Symptoms of a rapid heartbeat largely depend on the cause that caused it, as well as on the individual characteristics of the body. Some patients describe this condition as mild discomfort in the chest, while others describe it as intense heartbeats, accompanied by jumps, flips, stops, etc. If the pulse rises to 100 beats per minute or more, then people indicate a feeling of trembling in the chest. In some cases, people often beat their hearts, but they do not notice it.

Heart palpitations occur as seizures. It can last several seconds or even several days. It all depends on the cause of the violation.

With VVD, in addition to a rapid heartbeat, a person will be in an increased psycho-emotional state. He has tearfulness, he can show aggression. Somatic signs of the disease are headache, excessive sweating, nausea and vomiting, low blood pressure. Often in such patients, a rapid heartbeat is accompanied by a panic attack.

With thyroid pathologies, a rapid heartbeat will be accompanied by increased sweating, trembling in the body, weight loss against a background of increased appetite. Patients develop exophthalmos.

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Dangerous Symptoms

Sometimes, a rapid heartbeat requires an immediate visit to a doctor, as it poses a direct threat to life. Immediately you need to call a team of doctors if a person against the background of tachycardia has chest pain, between the shoulder blades, cold sweat appears, shortness of breath occurs. Such signs indicate myocardial infarction.

Acute left ventricular heart failure is accompanied by an increase in heart rate, suffocation, shortness of breath, and the appearance of pink foam from the mouth. Most often, an attack occurs at night, when blood stagnates in the veins of the lungs, edema and cardiac asthma develop.

If the heart beats irregularly, but often, then this may indicate atrial fibrillation or sinus weakness syndrome. During an attack, the patient may lose consciousness. The danger of this pathology is reduced to cardiac arrest.

Etiology of the development of tachycardia

As for the rapid pulse and palpitations, the causes are pathological and physiological. Not only adults suffer from tachycardia, but also newborn babies, adolescents. For the latter, it is no less dangerous. To learn how to get rid of an increased heartbeat, using folk remedies or medications, you need to understand the main causes of malaise.

If the rapid pulse occurs against the background of physiological factors, when the cause is excitement, fear, increased physical exertion – in this case, tachycardia does not last long, a person just needs to calm down and relax. If a frequent heartbeat appears for no apparent reason, this condition can threaten the patient’s health.

pervaya pomoshch pri tahikardii 1 - Heart palpitations, what to do Causes, medicines

A constant increased pulse is very dangerous, because blood circulation in the heart area worsens, the volumes of oxygen consumed increase. If tachycardia is constantly present, a detrimental effect on the functioning of all organs can be observed. A similar picture can provoke a sharp angina attack, myocardial infarction.

The reasons for the rapid pulse are various. If the symptom is temporary, heart rate normalization occurs on its own, without the need for treatment. As for frequent heart palpitations, the reasons may lie in serious pathologies that need to be treated immediately, consult a doctor.

Is it possible to quickly stop the heart attack?

To quickly deal with a fast heartbeat, you can use two simple recommendations:

Dip your face in cold water. The heart begins to beat less often, as the body cools. This is an effective method that is available to most people. If you don’t have a container for liquid collection at hand, you can simply rinse your face with cool water or wipe it with ice cubes.

Perform the Valsalva maneuver. A person will need to take a deep breath and tighten the abdominal muscles. The nose is clamped with two fingers, the mouth and eyes are closed. In this state, you need to try to exhale. In parallel, tensing the muscles of the press.

All of these methods can be used when the heart rate was triggered by physiological factors. If chest pain occurs during an attack and shortness of breath develops, then you need to seek help from a doctor.

Article author: Molchanov Sergey Nikolaevich | Cardiologist

Education: Diploma in “Cardiology” received at PSMU them. I.M.Sechenova (2015). Graduate school was passed here and a diploma “Cardiologist” was obtained.

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Help with tachycardia at home at the time of waiting for a doctor includes the following recommendations:

  1. The patient needs to take a deep breath, holding his breath for a short period of time. The exhalation takes place slowly, as slowly as possible. Performing such respiratory prophylaxis is required within a few minutes.
  2. The patient should periodically press on the eyeballs, while the duration of the pressure should vary in the range from 8 to 12 seconds.
  3. After washing the patient with cold water or substituting his head under a stream of ice water, you can achieve a significant reduction in heart rate.
  4. If the pulsation frequency exceeds the mark of 120 beats per minute, the patient needs urgent medical attention, in anticipation of which he needs complete rest.
  5. It is important to open the windows w >

Immediately after any of the above procedures has been activated, the patient should take a tablet of Valocordin, Valerian or Corvalol. In addition, a massage of the right side of the neck (directly at the location of the carotid artery) can help the patient. This procedure is contraindicated in elderly patients, since it can provoke a stroke.

Those whose tachycardia attack was caused due to the onset of an allergic reaction should take one of the most effective drugs with antihistamine effects. The increased pulsation provoked by overeating is often eliminated by inducing vomiting, for which it is worth drinking a weak solution of potassium permanganate first. A person who has lost consciousness before an attack needs artificial respiration. Heart massage in such a case can only do harm.

A rapid heartbeat during pregnancy appears due to a large load, which occurs due to the appearance of additional blood circulation and an increased need for an increased amount of oxygen. Tachycardia does not affect the woman’s health, but can negatively affect the fetus.

If a sudden heartbeat suddenly occurs, it is necessary to calm down and temporarily avoid any, even minor physical exertion. If tachycardia is accompanied by additional negative symptoms in the form of dizziness, difficulty breathing, and others, you need to give air access to the room, lie down, take a sedative. If the conditions are met, but the condition does not improve, you must call an ambulance.

In the absence of heart disease, sedative herbal medicines are prescribed. At the same time, funds containing vitamin-mineral complexes, magnesium, potassium can be prescribed. Without prescribing a doctor during pregnancy, you can not use any medications.

What to drink with a rapid heartbeat for pregnant women? Preference is given to herbal medicines in the form of valerian, motherwort. You can add them to the mixture with yarrow and anise fruits. Also helps tincture with lemon balm. 100 g of chopped herbs are taken, 250 ml of boiling water is poured.

You need to take a drink 4 times a day, 1 tsp. Diluted with 100 ml. water. It helps with tachycardia infusion with coriander or calendula with valerian. You can brew herbal tea from oregano, rosehip, lemon balm. It is best to add motherwort to herbs.

At what indicators and symptoms do you need to help a person?

In order to normalize the heart rate at home, it is necessary to deal with provoking factors. In case of exacerbation, urgent medical attention is needed.

Frequent palpitations of an intracardial nature:

  • angina pectoris;
  • heart muscle defect;
  • myocardial infarction, stroke;
  • myocarditis, cardiosclerosis;
  • development of pericarditis and endocarditis;
  • cardiomyopathy;
  • postoperative period;
  • the presence of aneurysm after a heart attack;
  • thromboembolism in the artery of the lung;
  • prolapse.

The listed diseases of the cardiovascular system are able to increase pulsation at night. An accurate diagnosis can be made on the basis of a detailed examination. As an emergency, to reduce heart rate, an adult is obliged to calm himself by any means, to relax. 40 drops of “Valocordin”, “Corvalol” help perfectly. You can wash yourself with cool water. Such manipulations will help lower the heartbeat.

Extracardial causes of the pathological condition:

  • anemia;
  • pheochromocytoma, adrenal insufficiency;
  • diabetic ketoacidosis;
  • violations of the IRR and anaphylactic shock;
  • failures in the endocrine system;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • hypoxia, hypoglycemia;
  • acute blood vessel insufficiency;
  • pneumothorax, hyponatremia;
  • hypertensive crisis, allergy;
  • asthma.

What drugs are indicated?

Heart rate pills are the fastest way to reduce your heart rate. With an increased pulse, they work by acting on the nervous system and dilating blood vessels. The amount of blood passing through the vessels can increase dramatically and cause an angina attack. Therefore, before taking the medicine, you must carefully read the instructions and a list of side effects. The most popular medications to lower your heart rate are:

  • Validol;
  • Panangin;
  • Lidocaine;
  • Nitroglycerine;
  • Corvalol;
  • Mexiletine;
  • valerian extract;
  • Diazpam;
  • Persen;
  • Verapamil.

If you have an increased heart rate, what to do in this case, except for taking pills?

  1. Check the room, put on light clothing, try to normalize breathing.
  2. You can try to excite the vagus nerve by inhaling deeply, and then exhaling with a closed nose and mouth. This will reduce heart rate.
  3. Within 20-30 seconds, it is easy to press fingers on closed eyeballs.
  4. Lie on a flat surface on your stomach for half an hour.
  5. Another unusual way is to induce vomiting, which will stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system and cause a decrease in heartbeat.

If these simple methods do not help, and there are no tablets at hand, you can use folk remedies. To reduce the pulse, honey and blackcurrant, rosehip tea, calendula infusion are excellent. In addition, you can prepare a decoction of mint, St. John’s wort, oregano and valerian. Various soothing teas and herbal infusions will also have a positive effect.

Folk recipes that lower the pulse:

  1. Tincture of hawthorn: drink for 3 weeks, 20 drops, mixed with 1/3 cup of water, 2-3 times a day.
  2. A motherwort broth: pour a glass of boiling water 1 tbsp. l dry motherwort. Then add 1 tsp. To the liquid. honey and 3-4 drops of peppermint oil. Drink in small sips every day for 1 month.
  3. Another effective remedy is the infusion of calendula and motherwort: brew 200 tbsp boiling water in 1 ml. l grass collection. Strain and drink after meals for 2-3 weeks.

Types and Subtypes

As for the varieties, tachycardia can be sinus, physiological. It occurs most often after serious physical exertion, it is only necessary to remove them – and she leaves.

There is a pathological tachycardia. This species is divided into ventricular and supraventricular. The first subspecies is considered to be the most dangerous for humans, and all because it causes disturbances in blood circulation, pulmonary edema can occur, and the patient loses consciousness. The main cause of this pathology is coronary heart disease.

As for supraventricular tachycardia, it occurs in people suffering from hypertension, heart disease and thyroid pathologies. This subspecies appears with the following symptoms:

  • cardiopalmus;
  • dizziness;
  • discomfort in the chest area – heaviness;
  • weakness in the body.

An attack can begin suddenly, but what to take with tachycardia, how to help a person whose symptoms indicate an ailment, and by what signs can a problem be determined?

Diagnostic research

To determine the disease, you need to do some research. ECG is important, this method allows you to quickly clarify the type of ailment, establish the rhythm and heart rate. It is quite informative and efficient. This method determines and analyzes various disorders in the functioning of the heart muscle.

To draw up a diagnostic plan, as well as subsequent treatment, you need to see a doctor. In addition to consulting with a therapist and cardiologist, examinations by an endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, and infectious diseases specialist will be required. Consider the most informative diagnostic methods that can be performed in the presence of a rapid heartbeat.

ResearchWhy spend
OAM (general urinalysis).It is carried out to detect kidney diseases.
KLA (general blood test).Checking the level of hemoglobin, identifying inflammatory processes.
BAC (biochemical blood test).Examination of the liver and kidneys.
Blood test for thyroid hormones, adrenal glands.Additional analysis for the condition of the kidneys and endocrine system.
Blood test for infectious diseases, viruses.Identification of AIDS, hepatitis, syphilis.
Sex hormone test.Pregnant pass.
Glucose test.Conducted if diabetes is suspected.
Coronaroangiography (study of the coronary arteries that feed the heart).It is performed with very serious rhythm disturbances.
ECG and Holter diagnostics (ECG monitoring and Blood pressure per day).It is made to all who apply without exception.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland, pelvic organs.It is performed if there is a suspicion of the presence of diseases of these organs.
Ultrasound of the heart (echocardioscopy).Diagnosis of defects, disruption of the myocardium.
Diagnosis of external respiration.It is carried out if a person has bouts of heart palpitations, suffocation, which are similar to asthma symptoms.
Fibrogastroscopy (examination of the gastric mucosa).If gastritis, esophageal ulcer, diaphragm hernia are suspected.
MRI of the brain.It is done in the direction of a neurologist when it is suspected that the activity of the heart is disturbed due to brain disasters, stroke, and tumors.

Of course, a single person will not need to carry out a complete list of the above diagnostic methods. In addition, tachycardia attacks usually appear for physiological reasons. If they are pathological, there will be additional symptoms. Thanks to her, the doctor at the initial examination will already be able to determine an approximate diagnosis.

Based on the results, the doctor can make a conclusion, take all necessary measures for the regulation of heart rate.

clinical picture

To effectively reduce the number of heart contractions, you will have to figure out the reasons, as well as familiarize yourself with the signs. The presence of symptoms of the sinus form of the pathology directly depends on the stage of severity, duration and type of underlying ailment. Subjective symptoms may not even appear, but sometimes they are insignificant:

  • heart beats strongly, palpably;
  • pain, heaviness in the chest;
  • the discomfort;
  • excessive weakness;
  • shortness of breath, shortness of breath;
  • air shortage;
  • persistent frequent pulse;
  • dizziness, fainting;
  • sleep disturbance, increased fatigue;
  • lack of appetite;
  • low level of performance;
  • bad mood.

The sinus form of the disease is characterized by a gradual development, there is a risk of an attack of angina pectoris, exacerbation of heart failure. If the brain is affected, convulsions and fainting are not ruled out, neurological disorders often appear. Long-term pathology contributes to the development of hypotension, a significant decrease in the amount of urine, and cooling of the extremities.

First aid for heart palpitations

If a person has a heartbeat and the number of beats per minute exceeds 100, then you should not hesitate to call the medical team.

While the ambulance is on its way, you can take the following actions:

The patient may dip his hands in cold water. Alternatively, it is allowed to wipe the face with a piece of ice.

You need to try to calm a person.

It is necessary to ensure the flow of fresh air. To do this, open the window, unfasten the collar, remove from the neck all the objects that may constrain breathing.

You can offer a person 25-30 drops of Corvalol, Valoserdin or Valocordin to choose from.

If possible, then you should measure the pulse and blood pressure of a person.

A person should take a deep breath and hold his breath for several seconds. It is important at this time to try to expand the chest. Then you need to make a slow exhale. Repeat this exercise at least 6 times.

You can cough, or try to cause a gag reflex.

Fingers should press on the eyeballs. Pressure must be exerted for 10 seconds, after which it is weakened. Repeat pressing 10-15 times.

These recommendations can improve the well-being of the person and slightly reduce the heartbeat. The patient must be examined by a physician. The doctor will determine the cause of the violation and prescribe treatment.

In order for the doctor to understand what is happening with the patient, he must receive answers to the following questions:

Is this the first attack in a patient, or are they repeated regularly and with what frequency?

How long does an attack last?

What time does an attack most often occur?

Treatment is prescribed only after the causes of the heart palpitations are established.

A rapid heartbeat is not an independent pathology, that is, it does not occur on its own. An attack of tachycardia is caused by various diseases that can be established during diagnostic measures. If such crises occur frequently, then the doctor may recommend adrenoblocker drugs, or calcium channel blockers.

It is impossible to independently treat a rapid heartbeat. However, if a person is predisposed to such attacks, you need to be able to help yourself.

In addition to taking medications, you can use the following recommendations:

Lead a measured lifestyle.

Avoid stress, give enough time to rest.

Engage in physical therapy.

Do exercises every morning.

Eat right, refuse fatty foods, do not drink tea, soda, coffee, chocolate.

Take a contrast shower, pour over your legs.

Bring body weight back to normal.

If a person is prone to increased heart rate, which occurs as attacks, it is necessary to avoid excessive physical exertion. They can lead to the formation of blood clots.

Diet is an integral component of treatment. Every day, a person should eat fortified foods: vegetables, fruits, dried fruits, nuts. Be sure to include dried apricots, fresh watermelons, potatoes, currants, beets, raspberries, citrus fruits in the diet.

After medical consultation, it is permissible to take magnesium preparations. In a sudden attack, lightly massage the right side of the neck, in the place where the carotid artery passes. This will prevent heart palpitations and prevent a crisis.

You can calm the heartbeat in various ways, most importantly competently and without harm.

First-aid measures are taken to reduce the heartbeat. This is done in any case, despite the reason that provoked it. First aid can be provided independently or by a close person who is nearby. All actions are carried out until the arrival of an ambulance or the arrival of a doctor. Supporting activities include:

  • Proper breathing. Take a deep breath, stop breathing for 5-7 seconds. Next, slowly exhale the accumulated air in the mouth.
  • Self-massage. Massage the carotid artery with your fingers. It is located under the lower jaw on the right side.
  • Water facial treatments. You need to wash your face with cold water or apply a wet compress on your forehead.
  • Forced vomiting. You can press the tongue (at the base) with a small spoon or fingers. This technique will help moderate your heart rate.

Each family should have a minimum supply of medicines to help at home.

Invaluable help at home is provided by medications that can reduce the heart rate. They are prescribed strictly by the attending physician, unauthorized admission is prohibited. Before the ambulance arrives, you can drink one of the medicines:

  • “Validol”;
  • “Correction”;
  • Corvalol and other analogues.

These drugs are used to stop the manifestations of a tachycardic attack in the form of a rapid heartbeat, they can cope with the symptom, regulate the pulse, and reduce high blood pressure. If a person is diagnosed with tachycardia, he will be sent for treatment to a stationary cardiology unit, where he will be under medical supervision for a certain time.

If a person has an increase in heart rate – more than 90 beats per minute, then you should definitely call a doctor. But until he arrives, you can help the patient cope with tachycardia in order to prevent complications.

First of all, you need to lay a person on the bed and provide him with complete rest. If the attack repeats, then you can do some useful exercises:

  • you need to take a deeper breath, hold your breath and try so that the air gets as deep as possible into the lungs;
  • put pressure on the eyeballs as much as possible (within reason), relieve pressure and continue to alternate for several minutes;
  • draw cold water into the basin, lower the face into it, and, as a rule, after such a manipulation the pulse returns to normal;
  • if the attack has just begun, it is not necessary to immediately look for what to take with tachycardia, you can just cough hard or induce vomiting;
  • breathing exercises also help to stop the attack very well: it is necessary to inhale deeply and slowly, and then quickly exhale, and so on for about 10 minutes;
  • you can take “Valocordin” and “Corvalol” – these are drugs for tachycardia, which will help bring the pulse back to normal.

Therapies

To cope with the disease, it is necessary not only to take medicines, but also to quit smoking, lead a healthy lifestyle, play sports. A person will need to control the level of blood pressure and blood cholesterol.

During an attack of heart palpitations, a sedative should be taken. It can be Valerian, Motherwort, Validol, Hawthorn, Valocordin, Corvalol. A person needs peace, both physical and psychological.

Drugs that a doctor can prescribe:

Sedatives. They can be based on plant components (Persen, Novo-Passit). Synthetic drugs have a pronounced effect: Phenobarbital, Diazepam.

Antiarrhythmic drugs: Verapamil, Flecainide, Adenosine, etc.

Sedatives are prescribed for patients with vegetative-vascular dystonia. They reduce the number of attacks, stabilize the state of the nervous system.

Antiarrhythmics can be taken only after medical advice. The cardiologist selects the drugs, since they have not only a therapeutic effect, but also have a number of side effects.

If the patient is diagnosed with ventricular tachycardia, then drugs such as Obzidan, Lidocaine are recommended for use. If they do not allow you to stop the attack, then they are treated with electric pulses.

In addition to the cardiologist, a person will need to consult a neurologist. Sometimes patients are prescribed not only sedatives, but also psychotherapy, for example, hypnosis or massage sessions. To increase the tone of the vagus nerve, eye massage is indicated.

Severe pathologies that lead to a rapid heartbeat require surgical intervention:

Pheochromocytoma, thyrotoxicosis. With these diseases, the doctor can remove both the tumor and part of the thyroid gland.

Cardiac surgery is required for patients with heart defects and with coronary artery disease.

The method of therapy depends on the etiology. Here you can try two main ways. One of them involves the use of medications, droppers, injections. As for the second option, these are recipes of traditional medicine, the use of herbs, various plants, berries. It is carried out at home only when tachycardia is manifested due to nervous strain, stress, and insomnia.

Herbal decoctions, teas and infusions based on motherwort, fennel, valerian, and caraway seeds are great help. You can buy a ready-made collection at a pharmacy, brew and drink in the morning on an empty stomach for three or four months. An excellent method of therapy is a healthy and active lifestyle.

The main drug groups used in treatment:

  1. Antiarrhythmic drugs. Affect blood vessels, heart muscle. The purpose of the application is the normalization of the pulse. Bright representatives of the group: “Adenosine”, “Flecainide”, “Verapamil”. Only a cardiologist can prescribe them.
  2. Sedatives. Composed of herbs and plant components. The goal is to calm the central nervous system, normalize the activity of the heart. Doctors prescribe: Motherwort, Valerian, Diazepam, Novo-Passit.
  3. Glycosides. Prescribes a cardiologist. Suitable for heart failure (Dogoxin).
  4. Beta blockers. Reduce the functioning of hormones that provoke stress. Most often it is Atenopol, Concor.
  5. Antioxidants. Complement the main therapy: “Mexico”, “Preductal”.

Traditional medicine remains a popular method of therapy, since it is available to almost everyone, effective, does not require investing large amounts of money. Commonly used are lemon balm, chamomile, peppermint, St. John’s wort, ruta, motherwort.

Recipes for alternative treatment:

  1. Hawthorn (juice). A powerful tool that copes with high heart rate. Twenty drops are taken on ¼ cup of water. You need to drink three times a day before meals. The plant is suitable for decoction, the effect will not differ much from the juice. Pour thirty grams of raw water with boiling water, insist 4 hours, take ¼ cup.
  2. Take the same amount of root and yarrow. Of these, squeeze the juice, add twelve drops to a glass of water, drink about two weeks twice a day.
  3. The recipe is suitable for therapeutic manipulations in children and adults. Mix a tablespoon of valerian roots, lemon balm, yarrow, pour hot water. Keep forty minutes steamed, cool and drink.

pri uchashchennom serdcebienii chto prinimat 3 - Heart palpitations, what to do Causes, medicines

In addition to herbal medicine, traditional medicine suggests revising your diet. Add nuts, plums, apricots, corn, cabbage, and beets to the diet.

All drugs with a rapid heartbeat should be prescribed only by a cardiologist, after an ECG and the establishment of the causes of tachycardia. When prescribing treatment, age, concomitant diseases and other factors are taken into account. With a rapid heartbeat, drugs are prescribed that are divided into two groups:

  1. Sedatives are needed to reduce high heart rate. Drugs can be taken without a doctor’s prescription. Usually, pills and tinctures for heart palpitations are prescribed – Diazepam, Novo-Passit and Valerian.
  2. Antiarrhythmic drugs normalize heart activity and also help reduce heart rate. Such drugs can be taken only with the appointment of a doctor. Mostly prescribed are Verapamil, Flecainide, Adenosine.

Other drugs for heart palpitations:

  • cardiac glycosides;
  • antioxidants are the basis of treatment;
  • sedatives belong to sedatives, consist mainly of medicinal plants;
  • beta-blockers reduce elevated hormones that contribute to stress.

However, it is impossible to take any medication for heart palpitations (including alternative recipes) without a doctor’s prescription, since they all have their side effects and contraindications. Even seemingly healing herbs can cause individual intolerance to the body.

There are patients who refuse to seek the help of a doctor, and they often ask themselves what will help with tachycardia from alternative methods. Before telling what folk remedies for tachycardia are advised by healers, it is necessary to warn that an attack can be removed by such methods only if the patient has physiological arrhythmia, which does not require medical intervention, but in more serious cases, specialist can’t do without it.

So, of the methods of traditional medicine, the following recipes will help best with tachycardia:

  • It is necessary to brew 5 grams of rose hips and hawthorn, motherwort and green tea.
  • Make an infusion of blue cornflower flowers and drink it ½ cup three times a day for three months.
  • Oat juice, obtained only from a green plant, drink ¼ cup up to three times a day.
  • You can brew lemon balm or mint, and if you drink such tea every day at least once, then you can forget about tachycardia.
  • Adonis tincture is taken in a tablespoon up to three times a day.

What can you eat and drink?

In addition to the fact that with tachycardia, the doctor recommends doing therapeutic exercises at home, or rather walking, you still need to eat right. But first about walking. It must be fast, you must always adhere to the same pace.

The doctor also advises people with tachycardia to stop smoking, eating fatty, spicy, salty and spicy foods. Do not abuse alcohol, strong coffee and tea. It is better to give preference to green tea, if you can’t do without it.

It is worth eating regularly, make sure not to overeat, otherwise the attack may recur. The following foods must be present in the daily diet:

  • honey;
  • raisins;
  • dried apricots;
  • dogrose broth;
  • bran bread;
  • Fresh fruits and berries.

It is also worth remembering that stress and overload can trigger an attack.

But what drugs should be taken for tachycardia, what do experts advise?

What is the danger?

The physiological form of the disease does not threaten human health, this is the norm. Regarding pathological tachycardia, the picture is not so rosy as in the first case.

  • ischemic stroke;
  • acute heart failure;
  • heart attack;
  • pulmonary edema;
  • blood circulation in the brain is disturbed;
  • cardiac muscle arrest and death.

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Tachycardia contributes to oxygen deficiency in all organs. A very dangerous paroxysmal form of the disease, in which the heart rate is 300 strokes. It provokes ventricular fibrillation and arrhythmia, so a fatal outcome occurs. In this situation, every minute is dear, emergency medical care is needed.

A high heart rate is a sign that you have a health problem. If this symptom occurs more often than 1 time per month, then it’s worth considering. Most often, a rapid heartbeat is a symptom of cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure and myocarditis, and thyroid disease. Therefore, you should consult a doctor and undergo basic examinations: a blood test and an ultrasound of the heart.

Medication intake

Anyone who has repeatedly faced such a problem as a tachycardia attack perfectly understands that if no measures are taken, then this condition can become a serious health threat. It is impossible to say exactly what helps with tachycardia – medications, exercises, herbs, until the doctor finds out what is the reason for this condition.

  • beta-blockers that help relieve arousal and calm the nervous system;
  • “Cordaron” is a drug that allows you to block several channels at once: potassium, sodium and calcium (in addition, this tool is great for flickering arrhythmias and life-threatening ventricular tachycardia);
  • ATP can also be administered intravenously very quickly, which ultimately relieves pain in tachycardia and reduces the pulse rate, but such a procedure can only be performed in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor.

In any case, it is first necessary to eliminate the primary pathology, and perhaps the tachycardia itself will pass. Only the attending doctor should prescribe drugs, self-medication can lead to irreversible consequences.

Prevention

In order not to have to think about how to quickly lower a high pulse and not experience bouts of tachycardia, you should follow some simple rules of a healthy lifestyle:

  1. Reduce the amount of coffee and tea in the diet. Instead of coffee, chicory is great.
  2. Refuse cigarettes and alcohol.
  3. Limit the intake of salty and fatty foods, as they negatively affect the cardiovascular system.
  4. Go in for sports, but do not overdo it with the amount of physical activity. Cardio exercises and walking are suitable for strengthening the heart muscle.
  5. Get rid of excess weight by eating proper nutrition.
  6. Try to reduce the number of stressful situations, take soothing herbal infusions.

To prevent tachycardia, you need to lead an active, healthy lifestyle, eat a balanced diet, give up alcohol, smoking, caffeine. It is necessary to limit stressful situations and increased stress, walk in the fresh air, and undergo a medical examination in a timely manner.

As for the prognosis by experts, tachycardia is manifested by ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. This is an organ response to a hemodynamic disorder. Therefore, the prognosis may be disappointing in advanced cases. Timely diagnosis, treatment of concomitant diseases, elimination of extracardiac factors will help to avoid complications and undesirable consequences.

Heart palpitations are a serious, dangerous problem, which must be timely and correctly fought. In order not to become a victim of your own negligence, monitor your diet, stress and lifestyle.

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In order to avoid exacerbations of tachycardia in the form of a rapid heartbeat, it is important to regularly visit a doctor, undergo diagnostic examinations, and treat existing inflammations and ailments. The main preventive measures aimed at preventing the appearance of an unpleasant symptom:

  • Timely diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, problems with the thyroid gland, which contribute to the appearance of attacks of heart palpitations.
  • Compliance with diet and proper nutrition. A well-chosen diet helps to reduce the risk of tachycardia and its main symptom (increased heartbeat). You must include in your daily diet drinks and foods that help stop the unpleasant symptom. It should limit the use of black coffee and tea, alcoholic beverages.
  • Take vitamin complexes containing magnesium, calcium, potassium, iron and other beneficial substances. Thanks to the intake of these complexes, the body fights infections, and the heartbeat normalizes.
  • To live an active lifestyle. Take long walks, do jogging in the morning, do gymnastics and some simple sport (swimming, tennis, etc.). Fresh air has a beneficial effect on people, regardless of whether they are prone to heart palpitations or not.

You can prevent a rapid heartbeat, the main thing is to follow the preventive rules and not ignore the already existing ailments. If in time to identify and treat attacks of frequent heartbeats, you can reduce the number of exacerbations and dangerous health consequences, which then treat much more problematic.

Home Assistive Therapy

Many people care about the serious question of what to take with heart tachycardia. Medications do not always help, charging also did not give the desired relief, so what should I do? In severe cases, the doctor conducts electropulse treatment – this is when a charge of current can bring the patient back to life. This technique is most effective for patients with ventricular tachycardia, in which death can occur without emergency care.

But only a doctor can use this technique, because it starts with an indirect heart massage, and a discharge is used, which gradually increases. If this technique is used immediately after cardiac arrest, then in 95% it shows an excellent result.

Surgical intervention can effectively cope with tachycardia, but only if there are additional foci of the disease. So, for example, the patient has a flickering arrhythmia, which is located in the area of ​​the pulmonary veins. After laser coagulation, a stable remission is observed in most patients.

With constant attacks of ventricular tachycardia, the doctor recommends the installation of a cardioverter-defibrillator, which, using a current discharge, leads to short-term cardiac arrest. This device is placed in the subclavian region on the right or left side under the skin.

How to help the patient with tachycardia and hypertensive crisis?

Very often, tachycardia occurs with high blood pressure. In this case, it is necessary to reduce the pressure as soon as possible by taking any of the following drugs: Nifedipine, Clonidine, Captopril or any other proven tool that helps the patient cope with high blood pressure. Half an hour after taking the pill, you need to evaluate the patient’s condition. If the pressure has not decreased, then you need to urgently call an ambulance.

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As for folk methods, vinegar will help to reduce pressure. He is poured into a basin and placed there. After 10 minutes, the pressure begins to decrease.

Help with tachycardia and low blood pressure

Tachycardia at normal pressure or low is also a common occurrence. A patient with low blood pressure can only be helped if the root cause is clarified. So, for example, tachycardia at low pressure can be triggered by dehydration, in this case it is better to give the patient water.

If this condition is caused by blood loss, then the problem can be solved by transfusion.

If the pressure has dropped due to taking medications, then they need to be urgently canceled.

If a similar condition is provoked by a mild form of thrombosis, then the treatment is carried out with special drugs prescribed by the doctor, and they are administered intravenously. It could be Coumadin.

Conclusion

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To summarize, we can say for sure that tachycardia is a serious condition of the body that requires a quick response and qualified help. If simple exercises fail to cope with it, then it is better to go to the hospital, otherwise there is a risk of missing the symptoms of ventricular tachycardia. As a result, this can lead to the death of the patient. Consulting a doctor and identifying the cause of tachycardia will help to cope with the attack quickly and without health consequences.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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