A small educational program on the topic will not be out of place, so you better understand what high low blood pressure means.
By the term pressure we understand today blood pressure, which is constantly supported by the circulatory system. Biological fluid presses on the vascular walls under the “command” of the heart. And it’s like a relentless pump, which is reduced 70-90 times per minute. By measuring pressure, you get two numerical values on the screen of the device. One of them shows systolic (or as it is designated differently – upper) pressure, the other – diastolic (respectively, lower).
Systolic pressure is always higher, because it determines its moment of cardiac contraction, which accompanies blood flow. The diastolic pressure is fixed during the relaxation of the heart, because the numerical values and fall.
- Are the symptoms of diastolic hypertension typical
- What is high lower pressure?
- Features and difficulties of treating high diastolic pressure
- How to quickly lower lower blood pressure at home
- How to lower heart pressure with a normal upper
- How to help yourself if the pressure has jumped
- What diagnostics include
- Proper nutrition for diastolic hypertension
- Features and difficulties of treating high diastolic pressure
Are the symptoms of diastolic hypertension typical
It means the degree of blood pressure on the vascular walls at the time of relaxation of the heart muscle, when there is little blood in it. This indicator gives an idea of the tone of the vascular walls, since diastolic pressure is a reaction to their resistance. Lower blood pressure is considered normal if it is below 80 mmHg. pillar.
A steady increase in diastolic blood pressure indicates a high resistance of the vascular walls, and therefore, of their constant spasm. If the vessels are narrowed all the time, the blood goes poorly to organs and tissues and they lack oxygen and nutrients. This leads to disruption of the organs.
There are three stages of an isolated increase in lower blood pressure:
- 1st – 90-100 mm RT. st .;
- 2nd – 100-110;
- 3rd – above 110.
Hypertension can be primary, that is, it is not known why the blood pressure rose, and secondary (symptomatic) if it develops against the background of other diseases. Why does diastolic blood pressure rise?
If the lower pressure is increased for a long time, then the reasons may be the following:
Disorders of the k >
The kidneys are directly involved in the regulation of blood pressure. If their work is disturbed, the pressure deviates from the norm
- Elevated lower pressure is usually observed with essential hypertension, which is also called hypertension (GB) or primary hypertension. The reasons for the increase in pressure in this case have not been established and it is in no way associated with other pathologies. GB with high diastolic pressure is more often observed in young people, can progress and take a malignant course. With such a disease, the likelihood of developing complications is high, and the higher the pressure, the greater the risk.
- Lower blood pressure can vary throughout the day in healthy people, for example, increase with emotional or physical stress. As a rule, it quickly decreases on its own, and this is considered normal.
- Excessive alcohol consumption.
Systolic pressure is formed due to contraction of the left ventricle of the heart during the discharge of blood into the aorta. Lower (diastolic) indicator Blood pressure depends on the pressure on the walls of the vessels, which occurs due to relaxation of the heart and directly depends on the tone of the walls of the arteries. In a normal state, in a healthy person, systolic blood pressure is kept within 110-140 mm Hg. Art., the norm of diastolic value is 60-90 mm RT. Art. Exceeding these figures in medicine is defined as arterial hypertension.
If the lower blood pressure has the ability to rise sharply, you need to know how to quickly bring it to its normal value at home, without lowering the upper pressure. Experts recommend that patients who suffer from cardiac hypertension do the following procedure:
- lie on your stomach;
- place an ice pack on your neck, wrapping it with a soft cloth;
- stay in this position for 20-30 minutes;
- Massage the chilled area using aromatic oils or moisturizer.
First aid for a sudden increase in lower pressure is that a person should be laid down or help him take a half-sitting position, provide him with access to fresh air, and get rid of the clothes that bind the body. If the patient has been prescribed pills by the doctor that he can take in case of high blood pressure, you need to give them to him.
Therapist, cardiologist can engage in the treatment of high blood pressure, in some cases, consultations with a neuropathologist, endocrinologist and other specialists are necessary.
In the treatment of high lower pressure, the provoking factor should be eliminated first.
Which medicine to take with high diastolic pressure depends on the cause of hypertension, the condition of the patient, the presence of concomitant diseases, and a number of other factors. Do not self-medicate, only a qualified specialist should select therapy with high diastolic pressure.
Drug therapy may include the appointment of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin recipes (in monotherapy or in combination with diuretic drugs), beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, antispasmodic drugs. Therapy is long, sometimes lifelong.
In addition to the main treatment for increased diastolic pressure, folk remedies based on valerian, motherwort, peony, peppermint, lemon balm, hawthorn, and pine cones can be used.
If diastolic pressure goes beyond the upper limit of normal, the patient is shown to follow a diet. First of all, it is required to significantly limit the consumption of table salt. It is recommended to include foods rich in potassium in the diet, which include cucumbers, tomatoes, beets, cabbage, peppers, watermelons, bananas, melon, dried fruits, nuts.
Useful products containing magnesium (cottage cheese, sour cream, millet, buckwheat, beans, soy, apricots, strawberries, raspberries). In addition, it is recommended to eat beef, rabbit meat, pork liver, apples, carrots, pears, cherries, apricots and other products rich in B vitamins. Partial nutrition is shown (at least five meals a day in small portions, preferably in one and the same time).
It is important to establish a night’s sleep – patients with high diastolic pressure should sleep at least 8 hours a day. At the initial stage of arterial hypertension, with the help of lifestyle changes, exercise therapy and diet, you can normalize blood pressure even without taking medication.
Systolic / upper Blood pressure – a marker of the level of blood pressure on the vessel wall at the moment of maximum heart contraction. As you know, the optimal numerical indicator of this parameter is 120 mm Hg. Art. The top of the norm is considered 130. The values of 130-140 indicate an increase in Blood pressure, the numbers 140-170 indicate moderate hypertension, and severe cases of hypertension are pressure from 170.
Reduced systolic pressure can be explained by fatigue, increased physical exertion, head injury, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, pathology of heart valves. People with persistently low blood pressure are called hypotensive, and hypertensive with high blood pressure.
With reduced systolic pressure, a person feels:
- Dizziness of the head;
- Increased sweating;
- Memory disorders;
With increased upper pressure, the patient, on the contrary, becomes irritable, he is tormented by sleep disturbances, he hears tinnitus, he is sick and even vomits, his heart is beating violently, his fingers go numb, his limbs swell.
Diastolic pressure indicates the level of blood pressure on the arterial wall at the time of maximum relaxation of the heart muscle. The norm is 70-80 mm Hg. Art. This indicator indicates the degree of resistance of small vessels. The upper face of the lower pressure is 89, the indicator is considered to be elevated at 90-95, moderate severity of hypertension is caused by values up to 110, and the already severe degree of the disease is more than 110.
At low levels of DD, the doctor should assess the condition of the kidneys: often numbers below the norm indicate pathology of the paired organ. But it is impossible to talk indiscriminately about pyelonephritis and other renal dysfunctions. It is known that, for example, in many women, on the days of menstruation, diastolic pressure drops to 60. This can be explained by the fact that during menstruation a woman loses some amount of blood.
Indicate low lower pressure is capable of:
- Renal / adrenal dysfunction;
- Following low-calorie diets and non-therapeutic fasting;
- An allergic reaction;
- Psycho-emotional stress;
- Acclimatization, etc.
When diastolic pressure is reduced, a person feels a sharp weakness, he has a fainting state. It is difficult for him to work, to engage in physical labor, thoughts go astray. As if he lacks air, various degrees of pain intensity can occur in the sternum. Vision is deteriorating, “flies fly before my eyes.” Vomiting, headache, increased heartbeat may also occur. The development of hypotonic crises is not ruled out.
But high diastolic pressure indicates a good vascular tone, but only the walls of the vessels are prone to thickening. The clearance due to this decreases, which leads to arterial hypertension. The pressure rises significantly – from 140/90 mm Hg.
Of course, the first point is to indicate genetics. We inherit exactly 50% of the gene information from mom and 50% from dad. Unfortunately, one cannot take from her mother only her talent for singing and the ability to cook deliciously, and from her father, for example, math. In addition to an enviable inheritance, we take from parents the negative gene set. So, if your dad was a diabetic, you have a higher risk of developing this ailment than people without a similar inheritance.
A similar predisposition applies to hypertension. Also, bad habits, obesity, the same diabetes mellitus, prolonged (and sometimes uncontrolled intake of diuretics), acute and prolonged stresses and depressive states, and diseases of the spinal column unambiguously lead to such an ailment.
The reasons for the high isolated diastolic pressure are different, so you will have to go through the diagnostic stage. To begin with, it is worth visiting your local GP: he will give you directions for tests, with the results of which you will most likely go to a cardiologist.
What is high lower pressure?
In humans, the level of blood pressure is determined by two numbers – the lower and upper indicators. The latter (systolic indicator) is the volume of blood ejected during the contraction of the heart muscle. The lower value indicates the level of relaxation of the muscles of the heart and is responsible for vascular tone. This blood pressure is also called renal, since the state of this organ depends on its norm.
Increased diastolic pressure (sometimes above 95 mmHg) indicates a disorder that occurs in the body. This condition is considered pathological if the indicator is above 90 mm RT. Art. and it does not go down for a long time. At the same time, a slight increase in lower pressure throughout the day is considered permissible, since it can cause physical, emotional stress and unexpected stresses.
Minor deviations from the norm may mean that the patient has genetic or acquired pathologies. The latter are often caused by age-related changes in the body. It is important to understand that high lower pressure is dangerous to the health of the whole organism. An isolated elevated level of diastolic blood pressure threatens:
- worsening of vascular permeability;
- impaired blood supply to the brain;
- worsening cardiac blood flow;
- gradual wear of the body;
- blood clots;
- increased risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis;
- decrease in visual acuity, exacerbation of chronic pathologies.
Despite the huge prevalence of arterial hypertension, not every patient clearly knows the algorithm of actions in emergency cases, which in hypertension are hypertensive crises. Such sharp pressure rises can occur in three directions:
- An isolated increase in upper pressure (systolic);
- Combined rise of both upper and lower pressure;
- Isolated rise in lower (diastolic) pressure.
In addition, the type of crisis itself can also be different:
- Type 1 attack. Such pressure surges are also called adrenal, as they are accompanied by a sharp release of adrenaline. An acute condition occurs quickly, without precursors, against the background of the general good condition of the patients. There is a headache, a sensation of heat, sweating, coldness throughout the body, trembling, sensation of pulsation, flushing of the skin, sweating. Such attacks do not last long – from a few minutes to 2-6 hours. Most often, such attacks lend themselves well to medical correction.
- An attack of the 2nd type is norepinephrine. It is characterized by a sharp release of norepinephrine into the bloodstream. Such crises are much harder than the first. They begin gradually, proceed heavily, and last a long time – up to several days. Patients have sharp headaches, temporarily impaired hearing, vision, transient impairment of the motor activity of the upper and lower extremities, impaired consciousness, and pain in the heart region of a constricting nature may occur.
- Hypertensive crisis is complicated – in these cases, the pressure rises sharply, and the attack can be accompanied by any type of increase. Blood pressure – only lower, isolated systolic or combined. The condition is dangerous, as it is accompanied by acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary edema, acute renal failure, impaired circulation in the cerebral vessels.
If we talk only about an increase in lower blood pressure, then such attacks are called hypokinetic. In these cases, cardiac output decreases, the total peripheral vascular resistance rises sharply, the pulse becomes slower – most often 60 beats per minute or less.
How to reduce high lower pressure should be known to both patients and their relatives in order to prevent the development of life-threatening complications:
- Lay the person with high blood pressure, while the head should be raised.
- Provide access to fresh air, if necessary, turn on the air conditioner. If the patient begins to lose consciousness, in no case spray water on his face, beat on the cheeks, rub his ears, or direct a stream of air from a fan or conditioner into his face. In this case, urgently call an ambulance.
- Repeat the measurement of blood pressure and pulse every 10-15 minutes.
- Start stopping the crisis with one drug!
- Take captopril (can be replaced by caposide – a combined drug based on captopril and hydrochlorothiazide). Evaluation of the effect of the drug should be carried out after 15-30 minutes.
- Furosemide – in this case, the drug is permissible only in the absence of tachycardia.
- With persistent hypertension – Clonidine, Moxonidine.
- In the case of increased heart rate – Metoprolol.
- For the prevention of complications – Glycine.
At the same time, medications of the type Valocordin, Corvaldin, Corvalol are allowed.
The appearance of concomitant symptoms with increased pressure requires the following actions:
- Nausea, vomiting – Metoclopramide.
- Severe headaches – Analgin, Baralgin, No-spa.
- Vegetative symptoms – Bisoprolol, Atenalol.
In any case, if the hypertensive crisis does not stop, it is necessary to deliver the patient to the cardiology department as soon as possible!
Features and difficulties of treating high diastolic pressure
Diastolic pressure is more constant and stable than systolic. There are a number of reasons why lower blood pressure rises, which includes narrowing of blood vessels, decreased elasticity of blood vessels, and impaired heart function.
The main reasons for the increase in lower pressure with a normal upper include a significant atherosclerotic lesion of the blood vessels, a decrease in the production of thyroid hormones, heart and / or kidney failure, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, cardiosclerosis.
Risk factors for increasing lower pressure are: genetic predisposition, the presence of bad habits, overweight, excessive physical and mental stress, passive lifestyle, occupational hazards.
The reasons for the combined increase in systolic and diastolic pressure can be hypertension, increased production of thyroid hormones, increased adrenal function, glomerulonephritis, atherosclerosis of the renal arteries, excessive mental stress, frequent stressful situations, neoplasms of the pituitary gland, intervertebral hernia, and also the use of excessively salty greasy food.
External factors, physical and emotional overload, and stress may be the cause of high lower blood pressure. This can be dangerous for diseases of the cardiac and vascular systems. Also, a short-term increasing factor may be the frequent use of strong coffee, alcohol, salty foods, as well as smoking.
The reasons for the increase in the lower indicator on the tonometer are also associated with the presence of:
- Kidney diseases: polycystic, amyloidosis, pyelonephritis, chronic renal failure, and others.
- Adrenal dysfunction.
- Thyroid function disorders and diseases: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
- Deviations of the functioning of the heart.
- Pathology of the musculoskeletal system.
What does high diastolic pressure mean? It provokes the active synthesis of renin, a renal biologically active substance. For this reason, all blood vessels are cramped and cause the lower pressure mark to rise even more. This leads to vascular abnormalities of the kidneys and chronic glomerulonephritis.
What is the danger of this condition? The fact that the blood flow is disturbed, since the myocardium is not able to relax to normal. There is a change in the walls of the vessels. If this condition is not eliminated, the myocardium will also change, thromboembolism and cognitive impairment will occur.
Upper pressure is called cardiac. The lower, with unhealthy kidneys, is called renal. It increases with narrowing of the renal artery and the release of substances that inhibit sodium and increase the volume of blood ejection. With a decrease in the ability of the heart muscle to contract, the blood stagnates, cardiovascular failure occurs.
Let us consider in more detail the main reasons for the increase in lower blood pressure and hormonal imbalance.
- Diseases of the adrenal glands and k (low density). In people with constant weight gain, this excess low-density cholesterol is involved in the “construction” of tissue and organ cells, which increases the load on the heart and blood vessels.
Usually, increased lower pressure is not disturbing and is diagnosed by chance: during a doctor’s examination for another reason or at home alone, when a person measures his pressure for the sake of interest.
Common causes of isolated diastolic hypertension are:
Organs suffering from diastolic hypertension
With the appearance of many of the above deviations, a person can feel normal for a long time, and the first bell about a developing disease will be an increase in lower pressure. Also, therefore, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor so as not to miss the time to treat the underlying disease.
Although the increase in diastolic pressure is almost asymptomatic, especially attentive people often note the following conditions provoked by him:
- headache (especially in the occipital region);
- a feeling of constriction in the region of the heart, an accelerated heartbeat;
- increased sweating;
- sense of causeless anxiety.
What is blood pressure
Diagnostic procedures include a biochemical blood test, a blood test for hormones, a urinalysis, an electrocardiogram, an ultrasound scan of the kidneys, and an examination of the endocrine system. Sometimes MRI of the brain is also prescribed.
Having studied the results of the tests, the causes of increased diastolic pressure, concomitant diseases, the general condition of the patient, the doctor prescribes certain medications. Typically, in the treatment of high lower blood pressure are used:
- diuretics (furosemide);
- calcium antagonists (Amlodipine, Cinnarizine);
- beta-blockers (Nebivator);
- ACE inhibitors (quinapril, zofenopril);
- angiotensin receptor blockers (Candesartan, Blocktran).
These groups of drugs have shown their high efficiency in lowering diastolic pressure, but you cannot take them without a doctor’s prescription (with the exception of diuretics).
- a decrease in salt intake (up to 1,5 g per day), or better, a complete rejection of it;
- Exclusion from the daily menu of excessively fatty and fried foods;
- a complete rejection of red wine and a decrease in alcohol consumption in general;
- an increase in the diet of foods containing potassium (honey, bee bread, legumes, avocados, dates, tomato paste, potatoes, bananas, carrots, dried fruits, fish).
Potassium rich foods
The limit of the norm for lower pressure is considered to be a mark of 90 mm RT. Art. Everything that will be higher than this norm is considered an increase and refers to a pathological condition, which requires a detailed examination of the body and determination of the cause. In advanced form, a person can have indicators of 110 mm Hg. Art. and higher.
If an increase in lower pressure occurs, then this indicates the following:
- The myocardium is not able to completely relax.
- The vessels are in constant tone.
- The volume of circulated blood is large and the entire system works in an enhanced mode.
It is important to understand why lower blood pressure rises, based on what the reason is, doctors can choose the right treatment and prescribe the right drugs.
If the tonometer indicates a high lower pressure during the first measurement of indicators, then this is not a reason to talk about a pathological condition. It is necessary to take measurements again, under other conditions, and it is better to do this for several days to determine the accuracy of the indicators. If the pressure does not stabilize, then you need to undergo a complete medical diagnosis for further therapy.
How to quickly lower lower blood pressure at home
The reasons and specific treatment for high lower pressure are purely the concern of specialists. You can learn some knowledge from the Internet, but never make yourself a diagnosis based on even the finest expert article. If the lower pressure is high, you should fix the resistance of this indicator. An occasional increase may not mean anything serious. Go to the doctor for treatment: he will decide whether it will be short-term or you will need supportive therapy for a long time.
There are no specific drugs that lower high blood pressure. Doctors use treatment regimens that are effective in the treatment of common hypertension, in which both values are elevated.
How to bring down the lower pressure:
- Beta blockers. The use of these funds justifies the fact that they quite effectively stabilize blood pressure indicators. But if the patient also has bronchial asthma or other lesions of the bronchi, such treatment is used with great care. Anaprilin, Atenolol – these are typical representatives of this group of drugs.
- Calcium antagonists. They are usually prescribed for patients with myocardial ischemia. Of the popular remedies – Verapamil and its analogues.
- ACE inhibitors. Well tolerated by patients, side effects rarely occur. Sometimes, as a result of taking medication, a dry and prolonged cough occurs, which forces doctors to change therapy.
Treatment, of course, should be prescribed only by a doctor. The age of the patient, the severity of the problem, and the presence of other pathologies in the patient are taken into account. For example, with caution, the doctor selects treatment for those patients who have kidney pathologies. If you accidentally exceed the dosage of drugs, bradycardia may begin and even kidney failure can occur.
There are two main methods of treating high lower blood pressure – taking antihypertensive drugs and home cooking folk remedies. In urgent cases, it is recommended to opt for the first option, when diastolic blood pressure increases rapidly. If there is a moderate increase in lower pressure, you can carry out herbal treatment.
A key principle in the treatment of pathology is the elimination of physiological factors that provoke an increase in lower blood pressure parameters. To lower diastolic pressure, doctors prescribe these drugs:
- Beta blockers. They help normalize blood pressure by regulating the work of the heart. Under the influence of such drugs, oxygen starvation of the heart decreases, due to which muscle relaxation occurs. The result of the restoration of the muscle tone of this organ is the stabilization of blood flow intensity and a decrease in pressure to the normal limit.
- Calcium antagonists. Stimulate the production of renin, which is difficult to produce in renal failure. Treatment with these drugs is carried out in the presence of an advanced stage of hypertension or after a myocardial infarction.
The stable high lower pressure – the reasons and treatment of which is individual for each patient – cannot be ignored, since it leads to the development of serious pathologies and can seriously worsen the state of human health. To treat the disease, doctors can prescribe these drugs:
- Concor. The drug of the beta-blocker group reduces high blood pressure, normalizes heart rate and heart rate. The active substance of the tablets is bisoprolol hemifumarate. Concor is able to reduce the oxygen demand of the heart muscle, and prolonged treatment with pills prevents angina murmurs and the development of myocardial infarction. Plus the drug in its speed of action: the therapeutic effect is noticeable already 1-3 hours after taking the drug, while it is perfectly absorbed into the bloodstream. The disadvantage of treatment with Concor – a sharp cessation of its intake leads to devastating serious exacerbations.
- Carvedilol. The drug belongs to the group of non-selective beta-blockers. Carvedilol can be used as monotherapy, but in severe cases of hypertension, they are treated in combination with calcium antagonists, diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and sartans. The advantage of the drug lies in the good absorption of its active components in the digestive tract, while the bioavailability of the drug is about 25-30%. Less pills – they can not be taken with decompensated heart failure.
- Verapamil. An effective drug helps reduce high lower blood pressure, prevents arrhythmia and cardiac ischemia. Verapamil reduces peripheral vascular resistance, and this effect is accompanied by an increase in heart rate, since tablets have the ability to reduce heart rate. The drug practically does not affect the normal level of blood pressure. The benefits of Verapamil are its availability and beneficial effects on the kidneys. The disadvantage of the drug is its relatively low bioavailability compared to other calcium antagonists (about 10-20%).
The accumulation of sodium salts and water in the blood is one of the causes of hypertension. Diuretics, including diuretics, slow down the reabsorption of fluid and mineral salts by the tubules of the kidneys, increasing their excretion from the body through the urinary ducts. Due to this, the level of fluid in the tissues is normalized, swelling goes away, less water and sodium enter the bloodstream, therefore, the load on the heart is reduced and the lower pressure in the vessels comes to a normal level. Diuretic drugs include:
- Hypothiazide. Moderate in strength and duration of action, the tablets accelerate the withdrawal of sodium, potassium and chlorine from the body. In this case, the acid-base balance remains normal. The medicine should be taken after meals, and the effect of hypothiazide will be noticeable 2 hours after administration. A medication requires a diet: the patient’s diet needs to be supplemented with foods rich in potassium. The disadvantage of the drug is that people with kidney diseases are not recommended to drink tablets with potassium-sparing diuretics or potassium.
- Spironolactone. A means of light action, which has a long-lasting effect. Tablets for the treatment of hypertension give a stable therapeutic result 3-5 days after the start of administration. The advantage of the drug is that it can be taken in combination with other antihypertensives or diuretics. The minus of Spironolactone is the development of side effects (with prolonged use, an erection weakens in men, menstruation is disturbed in women).
- Ditek. Refers to light diuretics, has a slight diuretic effect. Ditek begins to act approximately 2-5 hours after administration. Plus, a drug for the treatment of diastolic Blood pressure is the long duration of action of the tablets (13-15 hours). The downside of the drug is the risk of adverse reactions in elderly patients (kidney damage, potassium deposits in the tubules, hyperkalemia).
If lower blood pressure is elevated, doctors strongly recommend that patients follow a special diet. Proper nutrition for hypertension is aimed at restoring metabolic processes and protecting the body from side effects when taking antihypertensive drugs. To treat high lower blood pressure and reduce the negative effects of drugs on the body, you must strictly follow the following nutrition rules:
- enter a lot of greens, vegetables, raw fruits, dairy products, cereals;
- reduce the consumption of pickles, pickles, seasonings, smoked foods;
- minimize salt intake (up to 3 g per day);
- exclude fatty, fried foods, alcoholic beverages, caffeine;
- include low-fat fish, meat in the diet;
- steam food, in the oven or boil in a pan;
- eat a few cloves of garlic daily;
- drink exclusively herbal decoctions, fruit drinks, natural juices, weak green tea, compotes or still water.
- Lie on your stomach face down.
- Cover the neck with pieces of ice.
- After half an hour, remove ice, apply oil or cream to chilled places and massage without pressure.
- After about 40 minutes, the pressure should decrease.
If the lower blood pressure has not dropped, you need to call an ambulance.
How to lower heart pressure with a normal upper
Blood pressure (BP) is an indicator that reflects the level of pressure that blood exerts on the walls of blood vessels while moving along them. Normal blood pressure is 120 to 80 mm RT. Art.
Blood pressure consists of two indicators – the upper (systolic) and lower (diastolic). The difference between the upper and lower pressure is called the pulse pressure and should be approximately 40 mm Hg. Art. with a tolerance of 10 mm RT. Art. up or down. Blood pressure is one of the most important indicators of a person’s state of health; it can change briefly with a number of physiological processes, and also indicate a number of diseases with a persistent deviation from the norm.
In relation to systolic pressure, an isolated increase in only diastolic pressure (diastolic hypertension), a combined increase in systolic and diastolic pressure (systolic-diastolic hypertension) are isolated. An isolated increase in only lower pressure occurs in about 10% of cases.
Arterial hypertension is divided into 3 degrees (stages):
- Light – the patient’s diastolic pressure is 90-100 mm Hg. Art.
- Medium – 100-110 mm Hg. Art.
- Heavy – 110 mm Hg. Art. and higher.
If you suspect a pathology, you should consult a doctor who will explain what the increased lower pressure indicates, what this means, why this condition occurs, and also what to do in such a situation.
To diagnose pathologies that are accompanied by an increase in diastolic pressure, it is usually necessary to conduct electrocardiography, dopplerography of the blood vessels of the brain, laboratory and other studies. In some cases, high blood pressure is detected by chance during a routine medical examination or diagnosis for another reason.
If a person has a steadily elevated blood pressure, he needs to be monitored regularly at home with a blood pressure monitor.
The most effective treatment for high low blood pressure in the first developed diastolic hypertension in a person under the age of 50 years in the absence of a history of serious diseases. With a constantly increased lower pressure for 5-10 years in people after 50 years, the prognosis worsens in 80-82% of cases.
Alternative medicine can be used to treat diastolic blood pressure only as often as a complex therapy. It is allowed to start therapy only after the doctor identifies the causes of the disease and approves the folk methods you have chosen. Effective remedies against high lower blood pressure are:
- Infusion of peony. Pour 1 tbsp. l dry flowers with boiling water (1 tbsp.) and boil for several minutes. After removing from the heat, the broth should be cooled and filtered. Take an infusion of 20 ml on an empty stomach and before each meal (only 3 times a day).
- Infusion of motherwort. Dry grass (2 tbsp. L.) Pour two glasses of boiling water and let it brew for 20 minutes. Drink a remedy to treat renal blood pressure 3-4 times a day in small portions.
- Valerian infusion. 1 tbsp. l dry plant roots, pour a cup of boiling water, leaving in a thermos for the night. Sutra strain the remedy and take 1 tbsp. L. 4 times a day after meals.
How to help yourself if the pressure has jumped
But the question is often relevant, how to lower the lower pressure at home, when you have not yet been to the doctor, and no funds have been prescribed to you. Of course, you can’t go to the pharmacy and buy something: antihypertensive drugs are not accepted that way, you need to consult a doctor. But you can do certain primary actions that correct the situation.
Follow these guidelines:
- Lie down, place an ice pack twisted in a strip of natural fabric on the neck area;
- After one and a half minutes, remove this homemade compress, gently knead the neck area, massage the temporal lobes with ice, slightly touching the skin;
- Use the technique of acupuncture – with your thumb, click on the hollows under the earlobes, drawing a further strip to the clavicle;
- Repeat the last step until it becomes easier.
If the condition does not stabilize, you feel worse, call an ambulance. Especially do not hesitate to challenge if such an increase in pressure happened to you for the first time.
What diagnostics include
You need to go to the doctor. Do not wait for the recurrence of attacks, if it is possible to quickly fix the disease or, on the contrary, to make sure that there is no ailment, it was a one-time increase. The doctor will offer to undergo a simple diagnosis.
The survey is based on three main methods:
- Pressure measurement. Using a tonometer, you need to measure pressure three times a day in a calm state. If the doctor at the reception saw disturbing values, he, of course, will take measures, but a single measurement to make a diagnosis is not enough. Well, if the family has a blood pressure monitor, and the patient will be able to take measurements at the right time. Measurement results are preferably recorded.
- Physical diagnostics. Implies heart diagnosis using a phonendoscope. So the doctor can hear heart murmurs, changes in heart muscle tones. If the doctor noticed a pathology, he will refer the patient for further examination – ultrasound of the heart and other methods.
- ECG. A changed electrical cardiac potential is fixed in a certain time period. A simple, of its kind, indispensable way to detect heart failure. An ECG also shows changes in the walls of the left ventricle, which is characteristic of just elevated blood pressure.
Of course, the patient needs a consultation with a cardiologist. After the diagnosis, the doctor will see the big picture. If the problem only develops and it does not entail any significant changes, the doctor will not concentrate on drug therapy. In the early stages, the pathology can be corrected by lifestyle changes, diet regulation and other methods that do not involve the use of tablets.
Proper nutrition for diastolic hypertension
Food gives us health, and it takes us away. How to lower heart pressure by proper nutrition, is this possible in principle? Of course, it is possible if the numbers on the tonometer were detected in time. Very often, pressure rises in obese people, if you know that you are overweight, you need to correct the situation. As soon as you come to your physiological norm, many health parameters improve, and so does the pressure.
To reduce pressure, you need to:
- Refuse fatty foods. Use mainly vegetable fats in your diet – in this sense, olive oil and avocado are very useful. But fatty kefir, sour cream, cream, cottage cheese, although they may be in your diet, are still not every day in very moderate amounts. But do not get carried away with low-fat products, there is practically no benefit in them.
- Remove preservation, sausages, smoked meats and salinity from your diet. Try not to eat these foods for 21 days: complete rejection. If after this period you try a piece of smoked sausage, you will be surprised how sharp its taste will seem to you. All these products are not for health, their regular use negatively affects the state of the cardiovascular system, your hormonal background, and the functioning of the digestive tract.
- Do not overeat. To do this, you need to calculate the calorie content that for your weight and age will contribute to weight loss. Yes, you probably have to buy a kitchen scale – they will ensure the accuracy of the servings. Only such, rather stringent measures will allow you to lose weight, and along with losing weight to adjust health indicators.
Scientists have proven that when you lose at least 5 extra kilos, high blood pressure drops by 5 divisions. It does not follow from this that a person with normal pressure, losing weight, will become hypotensive. It is precisely the pathologically high persistent pressure that decreases. Therefore, those who do not take nutrition correction seriously are unfair, believing that treatment should be started immediately with medication. This is not: normalization of lifestyle is a mandatory point in therapy, without it it is impossible to count on an improvement in the situation.
Features and difficulties of treating high diastolic pressure
Sleep is important for your body – its normal functioning, mechanisms of replenishment of resources. If you have trouble falling asleep, you don’t have to rely on the problem resolving on its own. Be sure to find out what prevents you from getting enough sleep. But do not blame everything on work and employment: when there is no time to sleep, you are clearly doing something wrong, and your priority is not the same. We will not take situations when a person is forced to live like this, in fact, they are not so frequent.
To sleep, the body takes an average of 8 hours. This affects not only your well-being and mood. Many internal processes depend on the quality of sleep.
Ideally, you need to observe circadian rhythms. This means that you need to go to bed between 22.30 and 23.00, and wake up around 7.00. In this case, your dream will really be full.
By the way, at 23.00 the body begins the most effective process of fat burning, but if you went to bed after 24.00, the moment has already been missed.
An increase in blood pressure is often asymptomatic or asymptomatic for a long time. With the development of arterial hypertension (hypertension), the patient often does not even suspect about it until the first hypertensive crisis. Diastolic hypertension does not have specific symptoms, its manifestations are the same as ordinary hypertension.
Headache with increased diastolic pressure can be aching, bursting, pulsating, it is usually localized in the frontal, parietal and / or temporal areas. Patients with increased lower pressure are concerned about pain in the heart area, which is accompanied by a pronounced heartbeat, high pulse and a feeling of lack of air, trembling throughout the body, dizziness, and tinnitus. In some cases, patients have swelling of the extremities, excessive sweating, flushing of the face.
With a combination of systolic and diastolic hypertension, the risk of developing myocardial infarction, exfoliating aortic aneurysms and stroke, significantly increases.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.
Perhaps you want to know about the new medication - Cardiol, which perfectly normalizes blood pressure. Cardiol capsules are an excellent tool for the prevention of many heart diseases, because they contain unique components. This drug is superior in its therapeutic properties to such drugs: Detonic. If you want to know detailed information about Cardiol, go to the .There you will find answers to questions related to the use of this drug, customer reviews and doctors. You can also find out the Cardiol capsules in your country and the delivery conditions. Some people manage to get a 50% discount on the purchase of this drug (how to do this and buy pills for the treatment of hypertension for 39 euros is written on the official website of the manufacturer.), ,