Medications for improving cerebral blood flow

Vascular drugs to improve blood circulation can increase blood flow to the brain tissue, improve the blood supply process. The pharmacological action allows you to cope with oxygen starvation, a lack of nutritional components.

Vasodilator is a group of drugs with various mechanisms of action. Their main drawback is the indiscriminate action, due to which they expand not only the arteries of the brain, but also other blood vessels, often giving a drop in blood pressure, at which the cerebral blood flow worsens even more.

This point is especially unpleasant for the elderly, whose arteries are severely affected by atherosclerosis. Orthostatic hypotension (darkening in the eyes with a sharp rise) and the risks of developing ischemic strokes can often occur in patients with vasodilators.

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Antispasmodics

Antispasmodics relaxing the smooth muscles of the vascular wall, expand the lumen of the vessels. These are the most mild and relatively safe drugs, they include tablet and injection:

  • No-spa (60 tab. 220 rubles)
  • Drotaverine hydrochloride (100 tab. 50 rubles)

The drugs do not work well on vessels affected by atherosclerosis. They can also rob the diseased areas of the brain, redistributing blood flow in favor of healthy areas due to the better preservation of blood vessels there. Therefore, this group of drugs is not widely used in elderly patients, for whom drugs of the following class are preferred.

By blocking calcium channels, the cerebral vessels do not expand to the detriment of the rest of the blood circulation. Microcirculation is predominantly improved. The main side effect of these drugs is a drop in blood pressure.

These include: Adalat, Kordafen, Brainal, Norax, Arifon, Grindek, Diacordin, Cordaflex, Diacordin, Cortiazem, Latsipil, Logimaks, Nafadil, Nemotan, Nimotop, Plendil, Stamlo, Foridon, Cinnarizin, Tsinedil, Tsifnard.

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Nimodipine (Nimotop)

Application: Nimodipine is used for the prevention and treatment of various disorders of the blood supply to the brain. Nimodipine is available in 30 milligram tablets. One package contains twenty, fifty or one hundred tablets. It can also be purchased in the form of a 0,02% solution for infusion (in plastic packaging or bottles of 50 milliliters).

  • Nimodipine is treated after hemorrhage under the meninges, as well as with strokes for five to fourteen days.
  • For prevention, the drug is prescribed in tablet form, two tablets every four hours, a total of three hundred and sixty milligrams per day.
  • For patients weighing less than seventy kilograms and unstable blood pressure, the drug begins to be administered in a reduced dose (for example, from half a milligram).

Side effects: the risk of side effects of the drug is higher with intravenous administration. Pressure may drop sharply. When taking pills, digestive disorders in the form of nausea and diarrhea are not uncommon.
Contraindications: pregnancy and the simultaneous use of infusion and tablets of this drug. It is also necessary to be careful with intracranial hypertension, renal failure.
Price: 100 tablets 1100 rub.

Cinnarizine (Stugeron)

It is produced in 25 mg tablets (packs of 30 or 50 tablets); it is used for course administration (from three weeks to six months), 1-2 tablets three times a day. Indications and contraindications are similar to nimodipine. Today, the drug is heavily pressed by vinpocetine.
Price: Cinnarizine 50 pcs. 30-70 rub, Stugeron 50 pcs. 150-200 rub.

Vinpocetine (Cavinton)

This is a drug from plant materials (periwinkle). The drug combines the properties of a vasodilator and an agent that limits thrombosis. Vinpocetine is also able to improve metabolism in brain tissue and make it more resistant to oxygen starvation.
Application: 5 mg tablets are used once three times a day after meals. Solutions are administered intravenously. Before the end of treatment, the dose of the drug is gradually reduced until it is completely canceled.
Contraindications: not recommended for combined use with heparin (due to the risk of bleeding). Also, in severe forms of coronary heart disease and arrhythmias, parenteral administration of the drug is prohibited. Since the drug crosses the placenta and passes into breast milk, it is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women. Deprived of the phenomenon of “robbery.”
Vinpocetine analogs: Vero-Vinpocetine, Bravinton, Vincetin, Vinpoton, Telektol, Cavinton forte.
Price: Cavinton 5 mg. 50 pcs. 250 rub., Vinpocetine 5 mg. 50 pcs. 40-80 rubles., Korsavin 5 mg. 50 pcs. 70-90 rub.

The largest international organization in evidence-based medicine – Cochrane International Cooperation does not recognize the effectiveness of Cavinton and does not include it in its Review, which allows us to talk about the proven effect of the drug. Since it was not conducted double blind placebo-controlled studies.

However, domestic neurologists and vascular surgeons repeatedly published the results of work with this drug (including improvement of cerebral circulation, confirmed by the results of brain tomography and angiography of blood vessels) and continue to uphold its position in the treatment of chronic cerebrovascular disorders of varying severity. Traditionally, the management programs for such patients include Cavinton’s course drip and courses of Vinpocetine tablets.

Alpha-adenoblockers simultaneously with the expansion of small vessels improve metabolism in the brain tissue, reduces platelet aggregation. They are indicated for acute and chronic metabolic disturbances in the brain, including vascular dementia, transient oxygen starvation of the brain against a background of vascular spasm, as well as against the background of arterial hypertension or atherosclerosis.

  • Nicergoline – 5 ampoules of 4 mg. 250 rubles, 30 tablets 350-400 rubles.
  • Sermion – 30 mg tablets. 30 pcs 650 rubles, 5 mg each. 30 pcs 450 rub
  • Vazobral (alpha-dihydroergocriptine and caffeine)
  • Instenon (etofillin, etomivan, hexobendin), 30tab. 200-250 rub. 5 amp. 2 ml each. 250 rub

Causes of violations

In most cases of cerebrovascular accident, doctors diagnose vascular or discirculatory encephalopathy, which indicates that the brain has organic tissue lesions of a non-inflammatory nature.

The causes of vascular disorders of the brain can be:

  • previous infectious disease that had a negative effect on blood vessels (for example, encephalitis, meningitis);
  • congenital vascular abnormalities;
  • various in degree of injury to the head or spinal column;
  • atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels.
  • cervical and spinal osteochondrosis;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • improper diet;
  • type 2 diabetes;
  • bad habits;
  • hypertension;
  • thrombophlebitis.

The most common causes recently leading to vascular disorders of the brain are physical inactivity, coupled with poor nutrition, contributing to deposits on the walls of blood vessels and organic changes in the cervical spine. Earlier, the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis were typical of older people, due to degenerative changes in bone tissue, but nowadays, due to forced inseparable sitting in front of computers, this is becoming a scourge and youth.

Due to long immobility, the vertebrae compress the nerve endings, as a result of which the openings in the processes of the vertebrae through which arterial blood passes to the head are narrowed, and as a result, the brain lacks oxygen and nutrients.

Calcium antagonists

This category of drugs has long been used to stabilize cerebral circulation. In the modern industry of pharmacology, the 3rd generation of these drugs is manufactured. Calcium antagonists increase the diameter of the artery, do not change the tone of the venous vessels. After their components enter the body, cerebral blood flow is stimulated, many micronutrients enter the body.

Calcium antagonists are divided into the following subcategories: Dihydropyridines, Phenylalkylamines, Benzothiazapines. After the development of drugs of the 2nd generation, their list is expanding.

Drugs that improve cerebral circulation in cervical osteochondrosis

Signs of pathological changes in the vessels of the brain are:

  • headaches of varying intensity and localization;
  • dizziness;
  • problems with remembering;
  • fatigue;
  • bad hearing;
  • deterioration of vision;
  • inability to focus;
  • decreased sensitivity of the skin of the upper and lower extremities;
  • sudden short-term loss of consciousness.

Elderly people are especially prone to cerebrovascular accidents due to age-related changes, which are expressed both in a decrease in the tonus of the walls of blood vessels and in a narrowing of the lumen in them due to deposits. However, every year, young people suffer from both cardiovascular and neurological problems, suffering the consequences of terrible conditions of a heart attack or stroke, often ending sadly.

In the light of recent studies of brain problems, scientists note a direct relationship between the degree of mental stress and a decrease in functional impairment of the brain in the future. Those who do not spare their “central processor”, but load it, solving crosswords, memorizing verses and taking up something new and difficult, at times reduces the chances of encountering Alzheimer’s or dementia in old age.

Specialists recommend special exercises for “shaking” the brain: to become left-handed for a day, if a person is right-handed, or vice versa, go to the store or work the other way, move from time to time around the apartment blindfolded, forcing to activate both sense organs and cells brain under the pressure of new experiences.

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Patients who are already over 70 should take into account nootropic drugs. They contribute to the saturation of the cell structure with blood and oxygen, contribute to better absorption of glucose. Efficiency, focus and memory are enhanced by increasing sugar levels.

You need to use medicines every day for a month. The next dosage should be reduced by 2 times. The result is felt a week after the start of the course.

The disadvantages of nootropics include addiction and the need to increase dosage. To prevent this from happening, experts advise taking small breaks in use and replacing drugs. For preventive purposes, in addition to nootropics, the following are acceptable for use:

  • Vitamin complex, remedies with ginseng extract.
  • Glycine helps get rid of the effects of scleosis, improves intellectual activity.
  • Piracetam stimulates the blood circulation, metabolism.
  • Tanakan improves intellectual activity, helps get rid of anxiety.

Antispasmodics

Impaired memory, headaches and decreased performance are often associated with pathology of the cervical spine – osteochondrosis.

This disease causes compression of the vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood, and a gradual deterioration in the supply of essential nutrients to the brain.

In recent years, osteochondrosis has increasingly become diagnosed in the younger generation.

The disease appears at the age of 25, and causes a headache in 35% of patients. During therapy, drugs that improve cerebral circulation in cervical osteochondrosis are widely used.

Signs of pathology

Symptoms of cerebrovascular accident with cervical osteochondrosis have features in comparison with other types of this disease.

This form of degenerative lesions of the spine is considered the most dangerous, because it causes infringement of the anterior roots of the spinal cord, compression of important arteries.

As a result, the patient notes such unpleasant symptoms:

  1. Dizziness;
  2. The appearance of noise or ringing in the head;
  3. Decreased performance, fatigue;
  4. Headache of varying intensity.

Read about what there are ways to relieve a headache;

  • Violation of skin sensitivity, as well as limbs, neck and facial muscles;
  • Significant impairment of vision and hearing is possible up to complete loss;
  • The appearance of a shaky gait.
  • The treatment of cerebral circulation in cervical osteochondrosis is important to make comprehensive.

    Neurologists widely use tools that allow:

    • Restore brain function by reducing hypoxia. For this purpose, nootropic drugs are widely used. Patients with cervical osteochondrosis are preferably prescribed piracetam or vinpocetine. These drugs contribute to the enrichment of neurons with oxygen and the restoration of their functionality;
    • Restore blood flow by thinning the blood. Reception of anticoagulants, aspirin allows to normalize cerebral circulation;
    • Restore the normal condition of the spine. Chondroprotective drugs that strengthen and nourish cartilage tissue are widely used here;
    • Expand blood vessels. For this, vasodilators are widely used. Some of them contribute to the expansion of arteries by relaxing smooth muscle fibers, others due to a decrease in the number of impulses that are transmitted through the nerves and cause spasm.

    Gidazepam – the best remedy for stress and strain

    In clinical practice, the following drugs are used to treat cerebrovascular accidents with cervical osteochondrosis:

    1. Piracetam and its analogues. The drug has a positive effect on blood flow in the brain, leading to an improvement in metabolism in neurons, a decrease in the rate of propagation of nerve impulses. The use of the drug allows you to stabilize and restore memory, speech, normalizes consciousness and performance. Piracetam has no psychostimulant and hypnotic effect. It is important to remember that the use of the drug is contraindicated in patients with epilepsy;
    2. Vinpocetine. It refers to peripheral vasodilator drugs. Its use allows improving metabolic processes in tissues, increasing the consumption of oxygen and glucose by brain neurons, increasing cerebral blood flow, and reducing the sensitivity of blood vessels. The course of vinpocetine increases the body’s resistance to the development of hypoxic phenomena. It is important to remember that the drug should not be used by pregnant women. This is associated with a risk of placental bleeding.

    The most common drugs for the restoration of cerebral circulation in cervical osteochondrosis are drugs that have a vasodilating effect. They lead to a decrease in smooth muscle tone, which improves blood flow through the arteries.

    The muscle tone of all vessels is supported by nerve impulses that travel along the autonomous nerves. As a result, the pharmacological effect of this group of drugs will be associated with:

    • Decreased sensitivity of nerve endings (use of psi-active neurotropes). They are characterized by a neuroprotective effect, which consists in improving the metabolism of brain neurons, increasing their resistance in conditions of insufficient intake of oxygen and glucose. Some drugs (cerebrolysin) are able to repair damaged structures inside neurons (lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum). Others (Actovegin) lead to an increase in blood flow velocity due to the inclusion of collateral vessels in the brain’s nutrition process;
    • Direct relaxing effect on smooth muscle fibers (myotropic antispasmodics). Medicines have a relaxing effect on the striated muscle fibers, which are usually spasmodic with degenerative changes in cartilage and inflammatory processes. Due to local muscle relaxation, it is possible to restore blood flow in the vertebral artery and the brain. This group of drugs includes midocal, which is used orally and parenterally.

    Consider drugs that are widely used to improve cerebral circulation in cervical osteochondrosis:

    1. Eufillin. The drug is classified as a bronchodilator. Able to relieve spasm and normalize blood flow. It is often an additional component for electrophoresis. The drug is prohibited for use in young children. Used with caution in epilepsy, hypertension, or hypotension;
    2. Trental. Active components lead to the normalization of general blood indices (especially rheological qualities) due to the saturation of cells with oxygen. The course of treatment normalizes vascular tone and blood flow in the brain;
    3. Xanthinol nicotinate. The drug is widely used to improve cerebral circulation in osteochondrosis. It contains 2 active components: theophylline and nicotinic acid. The drug improves microcirculation, leads to the expansion of peripheral vessels, enriching blood with oxygen, restores blood flow. The drug is able to dramatically reduce blood pressure, which should be considered by patients during its use;
    4. Berlition. The active substance is thioctic acid, which has a vasodilating effect. The drug has a beneficial effect on metabolism, relaxes the walls of blood vessels, normalizes endoneural blood flow. The drug can not be used by pregnant women;
    5. Actovegin. Created on the basis of canned blood of dairy calves. It is widely used to normalize the functioning of blood vessels in the brain. The active components of the drug contribute to the enrichment of neurons with oxygen and glucose, increasing vascular tone. Actovigin inhibits the development of hypoxic changes in the brain. The drug is well tolerated, but is prohibited in some forms of heart failure;
    6. Pentoxifylline and its analogues. It leads to the elimination of vasospasm, dilutes blood, preventing platelet adhesion. As a result, microcirculation improves. A drug often leads to the development of side effects: headache, cardialgia, dyspeptic disorders, changes in blood composition;
    7. A nicotinic acid. Restores circulatory disorders of the brain in cervical osteochondrosis by expanding small vessels, reduces cholesterol. The drug is administered parenterally, immediately after ingestion it can cause facial redness;
    8. Cinnarizine. The drug leads to an increase in vascular lumen, blood thinning, normalization of blood flow and treats dizziness. The drug does not affect the functioning of the heart, does not upset pressure. Its main task is to restore the nervous system.

    Herbal Medicines

    These drugs are used to treat circulatory problems of the brain, have a small number of contraindications, and are used for preventive purposes. Some are sold over the counter, drunk according to the instructions.

    Diagnosis – the beginning of the path to health

    Crucial in preventing the increase of symptoms is given to the immediate diagnosis of the functional state of the brain and an integrated approach to the treatment of problems that have been identified. It is unacceptable to take any steps blindly, at random, to get out of such a serious condition as impaired blood circulation in the brain.

    The signs in this case are quite universal, i.e. can indicate both small functional disorders characteristic of all ages – from a child to an elderly person, that can be easily corrected, and severe organic brain damage (aneurysms, meningiomas), the delay in treatment of which is fraught with life. Therefore, the importance of undergoing all the procedures prescribed by a doctor at diagnosis is not necessary.

    A neurologist on the first visit of a patient, without a detailed diagnosis, can prescribe vasoconstrictor drugs to relieve acute manifestations of the disease. These funds only relieve symptoms, but do not produce a therapeutic effect. To start a qualified and, as a rule, long-term treatment, a comprehensive examination is necessary.

    First of all, a neurologist compiles a medical history of the patient, which allows you to assess the condition of the patient and identify the risks of the disease that could be associated with previous pathologies.

    In addition to mandatory laboratory blood tests, the doctor obligatorily prescribes options for hardware diagnostic methods – computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), brain encephalography, which can accurately detect various disorders in the anatomical structure, localization of tumors and their nature changes in the walls of blood vessels due to infections, etc.

    Consultation with an ophthalmologist is mandatory in identifying brain problems, since the cause of the problems may be a tumor, the presence or absence of which is established by the condition of the optic papilla of the optic fundus. If atrophy of the papillae takes place, then other reasons leading to this, for example, increased intracranial pressure, should be excluded.

    Blood circulation stimulation for cervical osteochondrosis

    Stabilization of the blood circulation of the brain during the development of cervical osteochondrosis is not an easy task. The main problem is that the disease has recently been diagnosed in people at the age of 25. All problems are associated with the constant sitting in front of the computer in an anatomically incorrect position.

    Cervical osteochondrosis causes problems with the main blood vessels in this area, vertebral artery syndrome appears. In this situation, drugs to stimulate blood supply will not be enough. In this situation, other measures of influence on this part of the spine are required. Doctors advise wearing a Shants collar in everyday life, performing simple exercises that stimulate blood flow.

    • Lower your head so that the chin is in contact with the neck, then make turns in different directions 5 times.
    • Raise your head slightly, perform similar turns 5 times in each direction.
    • Make head tilts so that the ear touches the shoulder 5 times on each side.
    • Keep your head straight, fingers touch the back of the head. The back of the head must be pressed in the palm of your hand for 7 seconds.

    Self-medication is unacceptable if you have cervical osteochondrosis. Only a doctor will help to cope with the problem.

    Main drugs

    When prescribing a medicine to improve cerebral circulation, the doctor must comprehensively assess the degree of both positive and negative effects on a particular patient, since all drugs have contraindications for use and cause various side effects. In order to reduce the negative impact on the body, the doctor conducts studies of blood, gastric juice, blood pressure, and others.

    Detonic  List of drugs that improve blood circulation in the brain

    To normalize circulatory disorders, the following groups of drugs are used:

    • nootropic drugs;
    • vasodilator drugs;
    • antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants.

    Nootropics

    The group includes drugs for cerebral circulation, which stimulate metabolism in the nervous tissue, increase resistance to oxygen starvation and improve the condition of the walls of blood vessels. These are the following drugs:

    • Cerebrolysin;
    • Piracetam;
    • Encephabol;
    • Phenotropil;
    • Mex >

    Despite the fact that the mechanism of action of some nootropics is still a mystery to medicine, the successful use in the treatment of ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes allows us to consider them indispensable in the treatment of serious pathologies. They not only improve the metabolism in the brain structures and prevent the death of nerve cells, but also restore the impulses of neurons, promote glucose utilization, providing cells with energy, and increase tissue resistance to oxygen deficiency.

    Vasodilating drugs have a relaxing effect on the walls of blood vessels, relieving spasm and returning them to their normal state, thereby normalizing blood flow.

    All vasodilators are divided into groups:

    • Corrections of cerebral circulation:
      • Vinpocetine;
      • Cavintazole;
      • Telektol;
      • Cavinton;
      • Vinpoton;
      • Bravinton

    Their therapeutic effect is based on the ability to block calcium and sodium ions, which provoke vascular spasms. By acting gently on small blood vessels (arterioles and capillaries), drugs have a beneficial effect on blood pressure, tissue energy exchange, pulse, protect against oxygen starvation, and accelerate hemodynamics.

    • Combined correctors of cerebral circulation (consisting of complexes of resultant substances):
      • Vazobral;
      • Instenon;
      • Pentoxifylline.

    These drugs act specifically to improve cerebral circulation by blocking the corresponding receptors leading to spasm. They are used to reduce the permeability of vascular cells, prevent blood clots, and increase the resistance of nerve cells to oxygen deficiency.

    • Calcium antagonists (calcium channel blockers):
      • Corinfar;
      • Cinnarizine;
      • Nicardipine;
      • Verapamil;
      • Gallopamil;
      • Nimodipine

    The main principle of their action is based on a decrease in the intake of calcium ions in the cells of the vascular wall and heart, which reduces their tone and increases the blood supply to organs. The drugs are especially indicated in the treatment of disorders occurring against a background of high blood pressure.

    The work of medicines is based on blocking the receptors of smooth muscles and the brain, causing spasm of the vascular walls. The drugs relieve spasm of both large and small vessels, normalizing the pressure, which is widely in demand in the treatment of conditions complicated by hypertension. Their dosage requires special attention, since there is a high probability of a side effect in the form of a sharp decrease in pressure, up to signs of tachycardia, which is regulated by a decrease in dosage.

    • Anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents:
      • Tiklid;
      • Plavix;
      • Aspirin;
      • Dipyridamole;
      • Urokinase;
      • Streptokinase;
      • Warfarin

    These drugs are designed to prevent the threat of thrombosis in vascular insufficiency. By influencing the viscosity of the blood and counteracting the clumping of its shaped elements, they improve cerebral circulation not directly, but indirectly. By diluting blood, drugs prevent the closure of the lumen of blood vessels, because of which terrible complications develop, including thromboembolism. Acceptance of these medications requires strict control over laboratory blood parameters – coagulability, liver samples, coagulograms.

    How to help yourself on your own

    With severe symptoms of neurological disorders, one can not do without qualified medical intervention and serious therapeutic treatment. But in cases of the initial stage of the disease, with symptoms such as fatigue, signs of VSD, weakening of memory and attention, dizziness, it is quite possible to reverse the pathological processes and improve the blood supply to the head by properly organizing your life and obeying strict rules.

    Compliance with a healthy lifestyle includes the rejection of bad habits, the rational organization of work and rest, and sufficient motor activity. The prevention of pathologies that contribute to spasms and narrowing of the vessels of the head: osteochondrosis, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus is also important.

    Regular use of drugs and dietary supplements is useful to maintain normal blood vessels and improve overall metabolism. It is quite possible to normalize the disturbances in the initial stage by regularly taking dietary supplements, homeopathic remedies as an addition to the main treatment. To treat vascular head problems, it is recommended to take:

      Glycine is an amino ac >

    Maintaining a balanced diet that contains a sufficient amount of nutrients, vitamins and minerals is an important condition from a wide range of measures aimed at improving blood circulation in the brain.

    Refusal of fatty, salty foods, trans fats, carcinogens, restrictions on the use of light carbohydrates, sweets, carbonated and alcoholic beverages contribute to the improvement of blood vessels. To activate blood circulation, you should enrich your diet with amino acids of vegetable and animal origin (lean meat, seafood, beef liver, legumes, fish, milk), vegetables and fruits (especially bananas and apples), cereals, especially buckwheat and oatmeal, vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, honey.

    Properly selected food products can not only duplicate the substances necessary for the blood circulation of the brain contained in dietary supplements and medicines, such as glycine, bioflavonoids, vitamins, folic acid, minerals, omega-3 acids, but also significantly enhance the therapeutic effect of pharmaceuticals.

    To improve the blood circulation of the brain, special attention should be paid to the drinking regimen, as for the removal of toxins and the prevention of thrombosis, which is one of the main reasons for blockage of blood vessels. Every day, the body requires 1,5-2,5 liters of pure water.

    With symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine and lack of motor activity, it is important to regularly do gymnastic exercises at home, as the movement helps to improve metabolism and blood supply to tissues and organs, including the brain. Exercise stimulates the growth of nerve endings and the formation of neural connections, which improves memory and mental abilities.

    Healing gymnastics eliminates the tone of the muscles that squeeze the vessels, thereby restoring blood circulation. Particularly relevant movements affecting the cervico-shoulder region. Movements with turns and tilts of the head contribute to the expansion of blood vessels that feed the brain, which increases the flow of blood to it along with the flow of oxygen.

    Simple exercises are done smoothly and slowly, with the spine straightened, without sudden movements, in a standing or sitting position:

    • looking directly in front of you, turn your head gently around;
    • carefully make rotational movements of the head in one direction, then in the other;
    • tilt your head to the side until the ear comes in contact with the shoulder, in different directions;
    • make a head tilt forward, trying to touch the chin of the chest, then slowly tilt the head back until the chin rises upward;
    • imagine that the tip of the nose is a pencil, and write numbers in the air – from 1 to 10, then back. The numbers should not be too small.

    Preparations for cerebral vessels

    Signs of pathology

    At the initial stage, physical therapy, physiotherapeutic methods, and manual therapy can give a chance for recovery.

    In more advanced cases, when the symptoms of the disease indicate a lack of brain nutrition (impaired normal blood flow), only medication can help.

    Symptoms

    A warning about the beginning of the development of such processes, namely that blood circulation is already impaired, are the following symptoms:

    • weakness, fatigue, lethargy;
    • pain sensations;
    • migraines, dizziness, fainting;
    • lack of air, shortness of breath;
    • nausea, vomiting;
    • arterial hypertension;
    • numbness of limbs;
    • decreased vision, hearing impairment;
    • vestibular disorders;
    • depression, panic attacks.

    Therapy goal

    Cerebral circulation is impaired due to compression of the vertebral arteries, vasoconstriction due to smooth muscle tension, an increase in the frequency of nerve impulses responsible for the frequency of vascular spasms necessary for normal blood movement. The goal of drug therapy is to eliminate these phenomena due to the complex effect of the drugs used. The drugs used during treatment are designed to perform the following tasks:

    • expand the area of ​​blood flow (clearance of blood vessels);
    • enrich nerve cells with oxygen and stimulate brain activity;
    • thin the blood (facilitate fluid movement);
    • reduce or eliminate cerebral edema;
    • restore the state of the connecting elements of the upper department.

    All drugs that improve cerebral circulation, depending on the impact, are divided into groups, including:

    1. Corrector of circulatory disorders in the brain. Representatives of this group dilate blood vessels, promote glucose utilization, improve blood flow, and reduce the severity of neuropsychiatric symptoms. Particularly noteworthy are Tanakan, Cavinton, Vinpocetine.
    2. Antiplatelet agents. These drugs interfere with the adhesion of blood clots (reduce platelet aggregation), improve blood rheology (reduce its viscosity) and microcirculation. With cervical osteochondrosis, the following drugs are recommended: Dipyridamole, Acetylsalicylic acid, Clopidogrel, Curantil, Pentoxifylline.
    1. Antioxidants. Medicines, combined under the name of antioxidants, perform one important function. They slow down the oxidation processes, neutralizing free radicals. This phenomenon helps the body cope with the aggressive effects of negative factors, including the consequences caused by the course of diseases of the spine. With cervical osteochondrosis in most cases, vitamin E and Mexidol are prescribed.
    2. Nootropics. These neurometabolic stimulants are designed to improve metabolic processes, memory, and brain activity. They act at the cellular level, modifying nerve cells in order to increase their activity. In addition to combating the symptoms of changes in the upper segment of the spine, such drugs are also good because they rejuvenate the body, prolonging life. Cerebrolysin, Piracetam, Citicoline, Fezam, Cerakson, these are the most effective means of this group.
    3. Venotonics and angioprotectors. The first increase the tone of the veins. The second improves the condition of the vascular wall. Both of these actions lead to improved microcirculation, stabilization of the outflow of venous blood. Medicines: Detralex, Phlebodia, Diosmin.
    4. Diuretics (osmodiuretics). These medicines remove sodium from the body, reduce the amount of water in the body’s tissues. Exemption from this substance and excess fluid contributes to the decline of edema. They are used to relieve cerebral edema resulting from acute development of the disease with cervical osteochondrosis. For treatment, drugs called Furosemide or Manit are used.
    5. Antipsychotics, tranquilizers, histaminergic drugs. The substances in their composition are aimed at relieving symptoms of disorders associated with a nutritional deficiency of the brain. Eliminate neuropsychiatric disorders and vestibular, cognitive impairment, have a sedative and antiemetic effect. Antipsychotics: Aminazine, Etaperazin. Tranquilizers: Phenazepam, Seduxen, Meprobamat, Afobazol. Histaminergic drugs: Betagistin, Vestibo, Betaserk.
    6. Chondroprotectors. The chemical composition of these drugs eliminates the root cause of the malfunction of the circulatory system. Their properties make it possible to prevent the destruction of cartilage tissue (due to the formation of new and nutrition of old cells), to produce synovial fluid necessary for lubricating the joints and to restore already injured connecting elements of the cervical spine. The result is shown by such drugs as: Teraflex, Chondroitin, Arthron.
    7. Vitamins Taking a complex of vitamins significantly increases the chances of getting rid of the disease, since each of the vitamins included in its composition performs its function, namely:
      • A (stabilizes blood formation, strengthens cartilage);
      • B (improves the nutrition of nerve cells, strengthens the immune system, supports tissue elasticity, normalizes metabolism);
      • C (removes toxins, protects against tissue destruction, eliminates inflammatory processes);
      • D (promotes the absorption of calcium and strengthens cartilage and bones).

    A warning

    It should be remembered that cerebrovascular accident in cervical osteochondrosis: treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a specialist. Prescribe drugs should only be a doctor according to the results of diagnosis (examination).

    To improve the situation, it is necessary to take special medicines in the form of droppers, injections and tablets.

    Drugs that improve cerebral circulation in cervical osteochondrosis, a list of homeopathic remedies can be obtained from a therapist. And below we will get acquainted with the opinion of doctors on this topic.

    With a violation of blood supply and pathological processes in the brain due to osteochondrosis, a number of manifestations are observed:

    1. Headache and migraine with concentration in one place;
    2. Persistent dizziness;
    3. Swelling, heaviness;
    4. Feeling of nausea, vomiting;
    5. A noise in the head;
    6. Arterial pressure;
    7. Difficulty breathing;
    8. Loss of consciousness;
    9. Numbness and loss of sensation in the limbs.

    How to improve blood circulation, and what drugs are prescribed for pathologies in the brain due to osteochondrosis, only a therapist or orthopedist can tell, after passing tests and making a diagnosis.

    If you have been diagnosed with cervical osteochondrosis, you will have to drip or make injections of drugs that are aimed at:

    • The expansion of the gaps in the capillaries;
    • Metabolic recovery;
    • Blood thinning, acceleration of blood flow;
    • Restoration of capillaries and blood vessels in the neck.

    The standard list of medicines for blood flow disorders, cervical osteochondrosis and dizziness:

    1. Improving blood circulation, blood composition, responsible for the removal of venous blood;
    2. Antioxidant drugs that eliminate the oxidation of fats and are responsible for the integrity of cell membranes;
    3. Nootropics responsible for the metabolism in cells, restoration of memory and thinking, counteraction to neural effects;
    4. Venotonics – drugs that are responsible for microcirculation, outflow of venous blood in osteochondrosis;
    5. Diuretics are not always prescribed, only if osteochondrosis has become acute, resulting in severe damage to the brain;
    6. Histamine drugs activate the work of histamine receptors, relieve general manifestations of osteochondrosis and vestibular manifestations;
    7. Vitamins improve immunity, restore the thinking and work of neurons in the brain;
    8. Chondoprotectors are responsible for the restoration of damaged tissue, relieve moderate osteochondrosis.
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    • Use these drugs can only be prescribed by a doctor, in the presence of certain problems with the spine, brain activity.
    • This is especially true for injections and tablets of chondoprotectors, nootropics and diuretics for osteochondrosis.
    1. If blood circulation problems become too serious, the clinical picture is replenished with cerebral edema, memory loss and bleeding, then an operation called laminectomy is necessary.
    2. In this case, a complete removal of the intervertebral disc affected by osteochondrosis, angioplasty of the arteries, and filling of the disc are performed.
    3. The results are:
    • Elimination of paralysis of the limbs;
    • Removal of pain;
    • Removal of edema;
    • The resumption and normalization of blood flow.

    You can use other methods of treating the effects of osteochondrosis, the most effective in the period of normalization of well-being or in the chronic form of diseases in any department.

    It is recommended to resort to a number of rules:

    1. Give up bad habits;
    2. Go on a diet;
    3. Treat the pathology of the heart, respiratory system and joints;
    4. Perform therapeutic exercises, do yoga, jogging or swimming;
    5. Attend massage, acupuncture and reflexology;
    6. Avoid heavy physical exertion and sedentary work with osteochondrosis.

    The course of prevention is developed together with the attending physician, passes under his control for three to five months.

    Many underestimate the severity of a cervical disease, especially osteochondrosis. Namely, in the spine are arteries that are responsible for the nutrition of the cerebellum and the occipital region.

    Therefore, it may suffer due to circulatory problems:

    • Vision;
    • Hearing level;
    • Vestibular apparatus;
    • Coordination of movements.
    • Over time, this leads to ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, bleeding and cerebral edema, dizziness and chronic migraines.
    • Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke
    • Due to pinching of the arteries of the spine, the nerve endings are irritated more than usual, the spread of osteochondrosis in the chest and lumbar region is observed.

    To improve blood circulation, you can use other medicines in the form of injections, droppers, tablets, ointments and transport systems, but only under the supervision of a doctor.

    We are talking about such tools:

    1. Berlition, responsible for vasodilation and improved blood supply;
    2. Trental, which is prescribed when the concentration of attention worsens, with the appearance of a headache;
    3. Eufillin is responsible for the prevention of blood clots and the return of elasticity and strength to blood vessels;
    4. Stugeron heals the gaps in the vessels, restores pressure and blood flow.

    Flavonoids

    Vascular drugs help improve blood circulation in the brain, thanks to a strengthening and tonic effect. The body is freed from the effects of toxins. The list includes herbal medicines, the use of which the heart does not deteriorate. We list the main ones:

      Ginkgo bilboa – eliminates spasms, stimulates microcirculation, eliminates puffiness, stabilizes pressure ins >

    Among the potent drugs to stimulate blood circulation are drugs from nicotinic acid. The drugs do not affect large vessels, contribute to the expansion of capillaries, strengthen the walls, lower cholesterol.

    It is necessary to use only on the recommendation of a specialist and under his supervision so that complications and side effects do not occur. Consider several popular drugs: Enduratin, Nikoshpan, Adipimox.

    Drugs to improve cerebral circulation in cervical osteochondrosis

    The state of thin vessels helps to regulate such funds, health improves, dizziness stops, gait ceases to be shaky, signs of acute and chronic pathologies stop. The duration of the course of use is determined by the specialist, taking into account the severity of the disease. We list the main assets: Betaserk, Vestibo, Tagista.

    Betagistin belongs to this category of drugs, it corrects blood flow in the capillaries, helps to cope with dizziness attacks, eliminates the unsteadiness of gait in chronic disorders. Tablets of 8 and 16 mg are taken in courses.

    The dosage is determined by the attending physician, divided into 3 doses per day. Medications are not prescribed for pregnant and lactating, carefully used for bronchial asthma, ulcerative formations.

    Nootropic drugs are used to improve memory, promote metabolism in the formed elements of the brain. Thus, the activity of thinking is stimulated, information is better absorbed.

    Regardless of the fact that evidence-based medicine has not yet approved this drug, in practical neurology drugs are used everywhere.

    Similar drugs are used in the fight against vascular dementia in elderly citizens with encephalopathy or damage to brain vessels. It is pointless for young healthy patients to take these pills. Under the influence of nootropics, it is possible to transfer neurocyte membranes to a stable state, to improve the resistance of brain tissue to oxygen deficiency.

    Signs of pathology

    Injections

    To strengthen the vessels, patients are often prescribed injections. In this way, the active components of the drugs enter the blood faster, tone the walls of the capillaries, give the maximum effect.

    Injectable drugs are classified as follows:

    • Neutron drugs improve the functioning of nerve tissues.
    • Myotropic, improve muscle fibers.
    • Combined action.
    • Alkaloids-based drugs eliminate vasospasm, widen the lumen, increase metabolism, and help get rid of blood clots.
    • Medicines based on nicotinic acid act on the capillaries, help eliminate cholesterol plaques.
    • Vasodilating.

    Antispasmodics

    These tools help to expand the diameter of the vessels, relax the smooth muscle tissue of the capillaries. Such funds do not cause danger, act softly. They are used as pills for stimulating blood circulation and injections that belong to this group.

    Such drugs do not effectively affect the vessels under the influence of atherosclerosis. They contribute to the redistribution of blood circulation, activating in healthy areas in which the blood vessels are better preserved. Therefore, problem areas of the brain are not adequately supplied with blood.

    Calcium channel blockers

    If vascular agents are used to stabilize blood circulation in the brain from such a subgroup, blood vessels can expand without damage to blood circulation. Such funds are used for cervical osteochondrosis. Often there is a stabilization of microcirculation.

    Drugs in this group have a side effect, significantly lower blood pressure. Medicines are used only as directed by a doctor in the indicated dosage.

    Alpha-adenoblocker drugs not only contribute to the expansion of capillaries, but also improve the metabolic process in the brain tissues, contribute to better platelet aggregation.

    Tatyana Jakowenko

    Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

    For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

    He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

    Detonic