Physiological arterial hypotension – a condition in which indicators of systolic and/or diastolic Blood pressure in a person is below the generally established normal, but despite this, they are not considered as pathological. This feature may occur due to an individual variant of the norm Blood pressure (a special “working” blood pressure).
In addition, many athletes and residents of some regions (the Arctic, tropics, highlands, etc.) also often have low blood pressure, the reasons for which are the adaptive abilities of the body.
- What indicators are considered low?
- Acute arterial hypotension
- Symptoms of Arterial Hypotension
- Chronic arterial hypotension
- Complications of Hypotension
- Diagnosis of arterial hypotension
- Arterial hypotension in children
- Low pressure treatment
- First collection
- Third gathering
- Arterial hypotension in the elderly
- Systolic hypotension
- Prevention of arterial hypotension
- Diastolic arterial hypotension
- Arterial hypotension lifestyle
What indicators are considered low?
Dear readers, we have already examined some of the reasons for low blood pressure, now let’s summarize the picture and find out what else can provoke the development of arterial hypotension.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system: atherosclerosis, arrhythmia, aortic valve stenosis, heart failure.
Gastrointestinal tract diseases: intoxication, stomach ulcer.
Immune system: vitamin deficiency, especially deficiency of vitamins C, E, group B.
Neurological diseases: vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD), depression, chronic fatigue, mental fatigue, neurosis.
Other diseases and conditions of the body: allergic reactions, hepatitis, rheumatism, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, diseases of the endocrine system, blood loss, sepsis, burns, anaphylactic shock, injuries of the brain and spinal cord,.
Adaptation to living conditions: high humidity, thin air, extreme cold.
Adaptation to constant physical activity, for example, in athletes, where low blood pressure is a protective mechanism of the body, as a result of which, the rhythm of heart contractions decreases, which causes a decrease in pressure.
Pregnancy can also cause hypotension, as in this “interesting” period, the tone of the vessels of the woman may decrease.
Chronic low blood pressure can be transmitted genetically.
Hypotension can be physiological and pathological.
Physiological hypotension is congenital and characteristic, as a rule, for people with asthenic physique. People of this type are thin, they have pale skin and blond hair. They are not very efficient and hardy, but such people do not feel their low pressure and live a full life. But the slightest increase in pressure (even to normal values, that is, up to 120/80) they endure extremely hard.
Pathological hypotension occurs as a result of exposure to a number of factors.
Pathological causes of low blood pressure:
- Violations of the CCC. Often, pressure decreases against the background of inflammatory processes that occur in the heart (myocarditis, endocarditis), which in most cases develop as complications after the flu or sore throat. A possible cause of hypotension may be various kinds of blockade and cardiac arrhythmias. All these pathologies are easily diagnosed with an ECG.
- Vegetovascular dystonia. With this pathology, pressure drops occur differently for everyone. In some it decreases, in others it rises. This is due to the fact that there are two forms of the disease – parasympathetic and sympathoadrenal. With parasympathetic vegetovascular dystonia, the hormone acetylcholine is produced, which helps to reduce pressure and causes weakness, chills and cold sweat. With sympathoadrenal dystonia, adrenaline is produced, which does the exact opposite. It increases pressure, causes a feeling of heat, aggression, gloom. A mixed form of the disease is also possible, in which pressure constantly jumps and a person literally throws it into heat or cold.
- Depression Anhedonic, apathetic, and asthenic depression are usually accompanied by low diastolic pressure.
- Side effect of medicines. Pressure reduction is possible when taking a number of drugs, namely:
- large doses of sedatives (motherwort, corvalol);
- cardiac products (beta-blockers, nitroglycerin);
- painkillers and antispasmodics;
- antibiotics in large doses.
- Procedures that result in vasodilation (body wraps, thermal baths, a sauna, a Russian bath) can dramatically lower blood pressure.
- Pressure drop during bleeding, exacerbation of gastric ulcer. It is usually accompanied by cold sweat and general weakness. When the causes are eliminated, the pressure returns to normal.
- Shock conditions of various origins. They arise against the background of vegetative-vascular dystonia, with endocrine disorders and taking a number of drugs. Such conditions are accompanied by low pressure and high pulse.
The reasons for the decrease in pressure during pregnancy can be:
- Change in hormonal levels. As a result of changes in metabolic processes in the body of a pregnant woman, pressure indicators also change. For example, in the first trimester, the expectant mother usually has low blood pressure, although this is not necessary. This condition is not a pathology and does not need special treatment. Although, if the pressure drops strongly, you should immediately consult a doctor.
- The disease. Many diseases (adrenal glands, pancreas, various allergies, infections, stomach ulcers) are accompanied by low blood pressure.
- Toxicosis. Hypotension with toxicosis exacerbates the already not very good functional condition of a pregnant woman. Frequent vomiting leads to dehydration, which leads to a decrease in pressure.
Symptoms of hypotension in pregnant women:
- dizziness and headache;
- shortness of breath when walking;
- drowsiness and fatigue;
- decrease in working capacity.
The best way to diagnose hypotension is to measure pressure with a tonometer.
First of all, if you suspect low blood pressure, you should consult a doctor. Self-medication is unacceptable! The specialist will find out the cause of hypotension and prescribe the desired course of treatment taking into account the individual characteristics of the body.
With sustained reduced pressure, first of all, you need to change your lifestyle. You must sleep at least 8 hours a day. You should also diversify your diet. Food should contain all the necessary carbohydrates, fats and proteins, as well as trace elements and vitamins. You can increase the pressure with a cup of strong tea or coffee. But you should not get carried away with this. Means of drug therapy for hypotension are divided into 4 groups:
- Plant adaptogens. They gently stimulate the central nervous system and heart disease, increase blood pressure, eliminate physical and mental fatigue, and increase drowsiness. The preparations of this group include Saparal, Pantocrine, tinctures of radiol, aralia, ginseng, lemongrass, eleutherococcus extract.
- Alpha-adrenergic agonists. The use of drugs of this group is indicated for hypotensive crises, fainting, orthostatic disorders. Alpha-adrenergic agonists include:
- Midodrin. Increases pressure, eliminates dizziness, drowsiness and weakness. It is taken 3 times a day, one tablet. Contraindicated with high blood pressure, kidney disease, thyrotoxicosis, arrhythmias of various origins, heart failure.
- Mefentermin. It is used for orthostatic disorders and hypotension;
- CNS stimulants. This group of drugs increases pressure. In addition, attention is strengthened, drowsiness and fatigue are reduced, the reaction rate, physical and mental performance increase. CNS stimulants include:
- mixed or indirect adrenomimetics (“Caffeine-Sodium Benzoate”);
- analeptics acting on the vasomotor and respiratory centers (“Etymizol”, “Cordiamin”);
- analeptics acting on the spinal cord (Securinin, Hypertensin).
- Anticholinergic drugs. These include Bellaspon and Bellataminal. Hypotension leads to oxygen starvation of the brain and a deterioration in the blood supply to the heart. Therefore, it should not be delayed with treatment. With stable low blood pressure, you need to contact a cardiologist who will conduct an examination, identify the causes of low blood pressure, make a diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
If a person at rest has a blood pressure level below 120/80 mmHg, this indicates low blood pressure or arterial hypotension. Recently, doctors have been observing such a problem not only among the elderly.
The cause of hypotension can be a physiological process or a dysfunction of internal organs.
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to undergo a full examination and visit not only the therapist, but also specialists of a narrow profile. Here are a few examples of the state of the body and diseases that can provoke the occurrence of arterial hypotension:
- heart dysfunctions – bradycardia, heart failure, tachycardia, valve prolapse, arrhythmia, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, heart attack;
- disorders in the endocrine system – hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia, diabetes, adrenal insufficiency;
- allergic reactions – urticaria, itching, swelling of the larynx, breathing problems;
- disturbances in nervous regulation – nervous shocks, psychoses, stay in a stuffy room;
- blood redistribution disorders – poisoning, excessive alcohol consumption, overdose of drugs;
- dehydration – with increased physical exertion, frequent diarrhea, or with excessive use of diuretics;
- blood loss – reduces the volume of circulating blood, which causes a decrease in pressure, a decrease in vascular tone;
- diets – a deficiency in the body of vitamin B12 and folic acid, leads to anemia and as a result leads to a decrease in pressure.
Also, one of the reasons for low pressure can be heredity and is transmitted from parents to children.
Listing the causes of hypotension can not be silent about pregnancy. The circulatory system of a woman carrying a fetus increases its volume, which is restored after childbirth. Consequently, low blood pressure in pregnant women is a temporary phenomenon that independently returns to normal.
A nursing mother may also have symptoms of hypotension amid emotional stress and overload. In this case, you need to contact a specialist who will help to stabilize the pressure, helping to create the right regimen and diet.
If you have poor blood pressure and have been diagnosed with hypotension, then you should start solving the problem immediately. Treatment must necessarily be comprehensive, and in order not to harm your own body, do not self-medicate.
The specialist will prescribe the following drugs to increase and normalize the pressure:
- Plant adaptogens. With their help, stimulation of the heart, blood vessels and nervous system occurs. A person gets rid of constant drowsiness and begins to work fully. Especially often they can prescribe an extract of prickly Eleutherococcus extract. You need to take this tool 3 times a day, 30 drops before a meal (30 minutes). In addition, it is mandatory to take tinctures from zamaniha, lemongrass, ginseng and other things.
- Alpha-adrenergic agonists. The use of these drugs is due to the fact that a person often loses consciousness, has orthostatic deviations. Thanks to these tools, it is possible to remove stagnation of venous blood, blood vessels become narrower, and the amount of blood that circulates in the body returns to normal. As a result of this, blood pressure normalizes.
- Medications that help stimulate the nervous system. They are also prescribed when angina pectoris is observed. Medications of this type immediately after taking them begin to gradually increase pressure. Soon, a person’s fatigue disappears, attention and concentration become normal, memory turns out to be several times better. Doctors usually prescribe analeptics (Symptol, Etymizole, Effortil) and Sodium Caffeine Benzoate.
- Anticholinergic drugs: most often they are Bellataminal or Bellaspon.
Acute arterial hypotension
Acute arterial hypotension is a condition in which the pressure can become very low (as a rule, it occurs abruptly, sometimes it takes minutes), often representing a danger to the patient’s life and requiring urgent medical attention.
A form of vascular insufficiency caused by a change in the volume of circulating blood and/or an instant drop in vascular tone. In addition to lowering blood pressure, collapse is dangerous for hypoxia (oxygen starvation) of the brain and a decrease in blood supply to all vital organs.
A sharp, steady and prolonged drop in systolic (upper) blood pressure, accompanied by a sharp decrease in blood supply to vital organs.
The causes of a sharp drop in blood pressure include the following factors and disorders:
- loss of a large volume of blood;
- dehydration of the body;
- poisoning and intoxication conditions;
- state of anaphylactic shock;
- severe injuries (especially craniocerebral);
- alcohol or drug intoxication;
- disturbances in the work of the heart.
The most common causes of low blood pressure in women are structural features of the body: women with lean physique suffer from arterial hypotension several times more often. Reduced blood pressure is often found in women during pregnancy, which is associated with the adaptive abilities of the body – it simply does not have time to “rearrange” its work in accordance with the new weight of the person. The cause of constant low pressure during this period may be anemia.
Arterial hypertension, with its improper treatment, can cause low blood pressure in humans. In this case, after urgent events, mandatory adjustment of drugs that lower blood pressure is required, which should only be carried out by a qualified specialist. Self-correction of these drugs can lead to serious and irreversible consequences on the part of the cardiovascular system.
Vegetovascular dystonia as a cause of low blood pressure, compared with the age factor, is several times more common. Poor functioning of the central nervous system affects the disruption of the connection between the heart and other organs, which ultimately leads to arterial hypotension.
Symptoms of Arterial Hypotension
Symptoms of low pressure are also typical of other diseases of the cardiovascular system. Patients with hypotension usually report the following complaints:
- dizziness (sometimes reaching up to fainting);
- blanching and numbness of the skin, as well as other signs of VSD;
- general weakness and fatigue;
- blurred eyes;
- rapid breathing.
Migraine attacks, as a sign of a drop in pressure, have some specific features: they bother the patient after suffering mental and physical stress (but can also appear immediately after sleep), have a long (sometimes up to 2-3 days) effect, amplify under the sound and light influence are symmetrical on both sides. By its nature, such a headache is usually throbbing, dull. The area of low pressure (the place of localization of pain) is the forehead, temples, crown.
Another common symptom with low blood pressure is nausea and vomiting. They are found mainly in weather-dependent people, patients affected by sunstroke or dehydration. Low blood pressure caused by poisoning or an overdose of drugs that lower blood pressure is also often accompanied by nausea.
Other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract include low pressure symptoms: bloating, the appearance of belching, constipation and intestinal colic.
Symptoms of low blood pressure with orthostatic hypotension practically do not differ from the general symptoms of the disease: tinnitus, dizziness, darkening of the eyes, lethargy, feeling of chronic fatigue, inability to take a relaxing position. Some patients with hypotension experience a feeling of lack of air and are forced to take a deep breath, but they do not experience shortness of breath, in most cases there are no causes that cause it. In all these cases, low blood pressure can be supplemented directly by the diseases of the cardiovascular system itself.
What is hypotension, and what its causes we have already examined, now we turn to the consideration of the issue – “symptoms of hypotension.”
Of course, the most important symptom of arterial hypotension is low and low blood pressure – below 90/60.
heat, cold, humidity, exercise, etc.; – memory impairment, distraction; – malfunctions of the menstrual cycle; – impaired potency; – violation of thermoregulation (feet and hands are cold); – increased sweating, especially palms and feet; – tendency to motion sickness ; – gastrointestinal tract disorders, frequent nausea; – frequent yawning (due to oxygen deficiency)
With hypotension, the brain and heart do not receive the necessary amount of oxygen, which leads to the appearance of characteristic symptoms, which patients often complain about:
- cold sweat;
- lack of air;
- panic fear of death;
- headache and severe dizziness;
- nausea and vomiting;
- noise in ears;
- violation of coordination of movements;
- general weakness;
- rare or frequent pulse;
- unnaturally pale skin color.
Low blood pressure, the symptoms of which appear immediately, must be normalized. But let’s first look at what signs indicate pathology.
You need to be as careful and attentive as possible if you feel:
- Drowsiness. Signs of low blood pressure include severe fatigue, which appears even from mild physical or mental stress. This fatigue and drowsiness disappear only after rest, and even better after sleep.
- Severe headache. It arises suddenly, and at the same time a person can feel a very strong pulsation both in the temples and in the back of the head. In some situations, the pain can be so severe that it resembles a migraine. Especially intense pain will be in older people. In addition, nausea or even vomiting may occur along with the pain.
- Dizziness. If the pressure has dropped too much and sharply, then a person may lose consciousness.
- Irritability. The patient may cry or scream for no reason.
If the human body is in this state constantly or very often, then we can say that there is a development of hypotension. Quite often, signs of low pressure occur when environmental conditions change, when the body does not have time to go through the adaptation period. In addition, the cause of lowering the pressure in both men and women can be drinking alcohol if a person has spent a lot of time in the sun or in a stuffy room.
Reduced pressure during pregnancy is especially dangerous, because it can cause the child to stop developing or cause other, no less serious health problems.
Chronic arterial hypotension
Hypotension is a chronic arterial hypotension that requires constant support of the body with appropriate medications. May have one of the following forms or combine them:
- Neurocirculatory arterial hypotension is a disease that worsens the well-being of the patient, but does not exclude the possibility of his recovery.
- Orthostatic hypotension (OG) is a pathology in which a weak pressure is observed only with a sharp transition of the patient from horizontal to vertical position. This condition is due to a violation (decrease) in blood flow to the brain. It differs by a short period of action – the time during which the first symptoms of a decrease in pressure appear, and their complete disappearance occurs, usually a few minutes. Most often, patients suffer from orthostatic hypotension in the morning, immediately after sleep. Exhaust gas is dangerous not only due to the possibility of loss of consciousness, but also by an increased risk of stroke, especially in older people.
- Essential arterial hypotension is a disease with an independent course, the reason for the origin of which, as a rule, is neurosis, stress, high intellectual stress, etc. Such a diagnosis primarily affects the vasomotor center of the brain.
Constant low blood pressure is not always an independent disease – it often occurs as a consequence or complication of another previously diagnosed or pathological condition. The causes of low blood pressure include:
- osteochondrosis of the cervical spine;
- some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract – stomach ulcer, pancreatitis, etc .;
- diabetes mellitus and other diseases of the endocrine system;
- diseases of the respiratory system;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- side effects of certain medications (in this case, the appropriate decision would be to cancel them);
- disorders of blood supply and the cardiovascular system;
- lack of vitamins E, C and B5.
Treatment of secondary hypertension involves, first of all, eliminating the cause that caused it. In order to find out why a person’s blood pressure drops in such cases, additional laboratory and diagnostic tests will be required.
Complications of Hypotension
Particular attention with symptoms of hypotension should be given to pregnant women, as insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood leads to oxygen starvation of the fetus, which can lead to poor growth or improper formation.
Sometimes, with the incorrect treatment of hypotension, this disease can turn into another – hypertension (arterial hypertension, or high blood pressure), but with a complex etiology and symptoms, which complicates its treatment.
With exacerbation of arterial hypotension, a person can experience cardiogenic shock, in which – the pulse is weakened, the pressure is not determined, urination is suppressed, fainting is suppressed. First aid in this condition is to put the person in a horizontal position, to ensure the flow of fresh air and urgently call an ambulance.
The most important complication of hypotension is stroke and heart attack, which can lead to death.
Diagnosis of arterial hypotension
Arterial hypotension is easily diagnosed using the blood pressure measurement procedure, but it is impossible to detect the disease immediately in the first measurement. To make a diagnosis or refute it, the Blood pressure monitoring is used for the time determined by the attending physician.
At low pressure and high heart rate, patients are advised to undergo an ECG during treatment and consult a cardiologist due to possible cardiac abnormalities. In such patients, hypotension can be combined with arrhythmia, extrasystole (untimely contraction of the heart or its individual chambers), bradycardia.
– interviewing the patient for various symptoms in order to identify the cause of the disease; – identifying the type of hypotension: physiological or pathological type; – systematic measurement of blood pressure; – electrocardiography (ECG); – Doppler echocardiography; – cardiointervalography, etc.
Arterial hypotension in children
A predisposition to arterial hypotension in children develops even during the formation of the fetus. It is caused by violations of the normal course of pregnancy in the mother of the child. In this case, low blood pressure usually makes itself felt only when a child reaches adolescence, and the following factors cause it:
- hormonal changes in the body;
- overwork due to school activities;
- low level of physical activity;
- infectious diseases (complaints of low blood pressure usually come during the recovery period);
- unbalanced nutrition and eating disorders;
Signs of low blood pressure in children with mild hypotension disappear with a passion for the game, after sleeping and walking in the fresh air. If the cause of the acute form of arterial hypotension in a child is overwork, in many cases a short break is enough to eliminate it.
Among all forms of hypotension, orthostatic hypotension is most often found in children. When a child develops a chronic form of the disease, his feelings of suspicion, resentment worsen, he becomes tearful and distracted. In high school, this disease is usually expressed not only in the form of low pressure, but also in pain in the heart.
Low pressure treatment
The treatment of hypotension (arterial hypotension) is carried out comprehensively, and includes the correction of the patient’s lifestyle with the addition of certain drugs aimed at increasing arterial tone. If the diagnosis has established that the disease is caused by another disease, then the treatment is aimed, first of all, at eliminating it.
– rational alternation of the working day with rest; – healthy sleep; – proper nutrition; – elimination of bad habits; – moderate physical activity (physiotherapy exercises); – walks in the fresh air; – hardening of the body (contrast shower).
Step 1: work day/rest. Normalization of working hours with rest is one of the main “whales” on which the treatment of arterial hypotension is based. If the body is overworked, more vitality is consumed, there is an increased load on the heart, nervous system and the whole organism. If forces are not restored, the body is depleted, and it becomes vulnerable to various diseases.
Step 2: Healthy sleep. For an ordinary healthy person, to restore strength it is enough to sleep for 6-8 hours. For hypotonics, however, sleep should last at least 10-12 hours, especially if the weather is cold, low atmospheric pressure. When a person gets enough sleep, you should not immediately get out of bed, but it’s better to lie down for a few minutes, pull yourself up, then lower your legs to the floor, and sit for another minute or two.
Step 3: Proper Nutrition. Food during the day should be consumed 3-5 times, while not overeating, i.e. eat in small portions. It is not recommended to eat food before bedtime. The emphasis when choosing food products must be placed on the spaciousness of them – vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.
When treating hypotension, special attention should be paid to replenishing the body with protein, vitamin C (ascorbic acid), E (tocopherol) and B vitamins, especially vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine) and vitamin B9 (folic acid), calcium, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus (P).
In addition, it is recommended that hypotensives use spicy, spicy and salty foods, which, in combination with their properties, activate the body and increase blood pressure.
Especially, among the products, experts recommend: yeast, table salt, hard cheeses, coffee, green and black tea, green leafy vegetables, rose hips, citrus fruits and other fruits.
Important! Before using folk remedies for low and low pressure, be sure to consult your doctor!
Coffee with honey and lemon. Grind 50 g of roasted coffee beans, which can be done with a coffee grinder. Add ground coffee to 500 g of honey, and squeeze the juice from 1 lemon here. Mix everything thoroughly. The tool must be taken 1 teaspoon 2 hours after a meal. The product must be stored in the refrigerator.
Schisandra. Pour the chopped fruits of Schisandra chinensis with 40 ° alcohol in a ratio of 1:10. Insist on a dark place for 2 weeks. Take tincture of 25-40 drops per 1 tbsp. teaspoon of cold water 30 minutes before eating.
Ginger. Dissolve 1 teaspoon of ginger powder in 3 cup of sweet strong tea. Take the drug 1 times a day for week.
Rhodiola rosea (golden root). Drink Rhodiola rosea extract 5-10 drops 20 minutes before meals, 2-3 times a day for 10-20 days.
Note 1: parts – parts. Note 2: Accept all listed fees in 1/3-¼ cup 3-4 times a day, for 1-2 months. Then we take a break for a month and the course can be repeated. Note 3. To prepare the collection, you need to pour 2 tablespoons of it in a thermos and pour 2 cups of boiling water, then let it brew for 12 hours.
Gathering No. 1: St. John’s wort grass (3 hours), grass of Volodushka (2 hours), mordovia grass (2 hours), chicory grass (2 hours), Leuzea root (2 hours), licorice root (3 hours) ), dandelion root (2 hours), juniper fruits (1 hour).
Collection No. 2: Veronica herb (2 hours), St. John’s wort grass (5 hours), wormwood grass (1 hour), sage grass (3 hours), shift leaves (4 hours), immortelle inflorescences (2 hours) ), tansy inflorescences (2 hours), chicory flowers (1 hour), dandelion root (1 hour), rhizome with elecampane roots (1 hour).
Collection No. 3: St. John’s wort grass (4 hours), yarrow grass (4 hours), chicory grass (2 hours), strawberry leaf (2 hours), calamus rhizome (1 hour), juniper fruit (1 hour) ), rose hips 4 hours).
Collection No. 4: tatarnik grass (1 hour), nettle grass (2 hours), horsetail grass (2 hours), birch leaves (4 hours), mint leaves (1 hour), strawberry leaves (2 hours) .), currant leaves (2 hours), dandelion root (4 hours), rhizome with elecampane roots (1 hour), rose hips (6 hours).
Gathering No. 5: yarrow grass (2 hours), muzzleberry grass (1 hour), knotweed grass (2 hours), tansy flowers (1 hour), licorice root (2 hours), lewsee root (1 hour) ), fruits of hawthorn (3 hours), fruits of mountain ash (2 hours).
Collection No. 6: St. John’s wort grass (4 hours), fireweed grass (4 hours), oregano grass (4 hours), knotweed grass (2 hours), plantain leaves (4 hours), mint leaves (2 hours) ), rose hips (6 hours), juniper fruits (1 hour), calamus rhizome (1 hour).
Collection No. 7: blueberry leaves (1 hour), lingonberry leaves (1 hour), black currant leaves (1 hour), frankincense (2 hours), forgotten penny (1 hour), golden root (1 hour) .), narrow-leaved fireweed (1 h), thyme (0,5 h). Three tbsp. collection spoons pour a liter of water and simmer for 5-7 minutes. Next, the remedy is infused for 30 minutes and taken 2-3 cups a day, like regular tea, with the addition of sugar or honey.
Periodic pressure reduction to 100/60 mm. Hg. Art. in most cases, a reason to start therapy. Only a qualified specialist should determine how to normalize low blood pressure and choose the appropriate treatment plan. Even if a single hypotension seems uncomplicated, it may require a special understanding of what to do if pressure drops sharply.
The following drugs are used to treat hypotensive conditions:
- herbal medicines based on eleutherococcus, ginseng, etc. (plant adaptogens). Available in the form of tinctures, tablets and capsules. Tinctures are intended for both systemic and “emergency” use. Plant adaptogens do not affect heart rate and in many cases are the drug of choice for patients with low blood pressure and high heart rate;
- sodium caffeine benzoate. Available in the form of tablets and injectable solutions. Its use is not recommended at low pressure and high pulse, because the drug has a cardiotonic effect and increases heart rate;
- cordiamine. Available in the form of drops and solutions for injection. It is used only in a hospital setting for an emergency increase in blood pressure.
Sometimes acute bouts of hypotension result in fainting. If you have such a disease in yourself or a loved one, you need to know what to do with low pressure, turning into a swoon. To help people affected by fainting can be almost anywhere. To do this, perform a series of the following actions:
- Lay the patient down, with the legs raised. If a swoon occurs in a vehicle, put the victim in such a way that his head bends to his knees as much as possible.
- Free the victim from everything that can squeeze the body – tie, belt, etc.
- If possible, slightly spray cold water on the face, then pat the patient on the cheeks, make him breathe deeply.
- Give the victim a sniff of cotton wool with ammonia.
There are many ways to effectively cope with the disease and its symptoms at home with the help of folk remedies, proven over the years. First of all, you should seek help from herbal preparations. As practice shows, they have a beneficial effect on the immune system, increasing the vitality of the whole organism.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.
- peppermint and root of the Manchu aralia – 30 gr;
- May lily of the valley – 10 g;
- Chinese magnolia vine – 15 gr;
- Eleutherococcus root – 25 gr.
Finely chop the listed herbs and mix. Then 20 grams of the resulting mixture pour 200 ml of boiling water. Insist collection should be for 20 minutes and take 1/2 cup twice a day, trying to avoid evening intake.
- fruits of hawthorn, astragalus woolly and ginseng root – 20 g;
- horsetail ephedra – 10 gr;
- chamomile flowers – 15 gr.
Just like in the first recipe you need to grind and mix the components. Pour 20 grams of the mixture with boiling water and take three times a day for 1/3 cup.
- dioica nettle and hawthorn fruit 15 grams each;
- rose hips, Rhodiola rosea root, and zamaniha root, 20 grams each;
- St. John’s wort 10 grams.
Arterial hypotension in the elderly
Elderly people are much more likely to suffer from the opposite disease – arterial hypertension. There are also situations when a patient has been suffering from hypotension all his life, and with an appropriate lifestyle in retirement age, it goes away with him due to a natural increase in blood pressure.
Arterial hypotension in elderly patients usually has an orthostatic form. Incorrect “stopping” of such conditions or not paying due attention to them can lead to a stroke and even to dementia (senile dementia).
Low heart pressure under the influence of other cardiovascular diseases can be manifested by a decrease in only systolic or diastolic blood pressure, and not both indicators at once.
When the development of a disease such as hypotension occurs, then the patient’s well-being begins to deteriorate. To date, depending on the symptoms, there are three forms of low blood pressure in men and women:
- orthostatic form;
- postprandial form;
- vascular dystonia.
The orthostatic form is characterized by the fact that pressure drops if a person stands up sharply after prolonged sitting or lying down. In this case, dizziness may begin, in some situations, fainting is possible. The reasons for this form of hypotension are as follows:
- bearing a child;
- neuralgic health problems;
- dehydration of the body;
- very often occurs in people after 65 years.
Postprandial form of hypotension is observed as a result of eating. Due to gravity, blood begins to flow very strongly to the lower extremities. In this case, it is the norm when the heart contracts a little faster, and the vessels become narrower. In the presence of this form of hypotension, this does not occur. After the pressure has dropped, the person begins to darken in the eyes.
Vegetovascular dystonia is also quite common and can manifest itself at a younger age than the first form of the disease. The causes of this problem are the following factors:
- a person stands for a very long time;
- a person is in the open sun for a long time;
- ultraviolet rays affect the body.
As a result of this, there is a violation in the mutual work of the heart and brain. When a person costs too much, then a large amount of blood rushes to his legs. In order for this not to harm, normalization of pressure is needed. But if there is low blood pressure, then in this case, the brain gives another signal that the blood pressure does not decrease, but becomes too high. Accordingly, after that, the pressure becomes very low.
At the same time, primary and secondary forms of hypotension are distinguished. The primary form is inherited. In this case, the pressure is constantly in a certain (albeit lower) framework, and the harm to the body from such hypotension is minimal.
A person very often feels weak and can quickly get tired, even after a slight load on the body. The secondary form occurs in a person throughout life, and it is very dangerous for his health. In this case, the causes of hypotension are hepatitis, anemia, stomach problems (ulcers), cirrhosis of the liver, and so on. In addition, the secondary form may result from prolonged use of certain medications.
If we talk about what pressure is considered low, then we can say: everything is lower than 120 by 80. It should be noted that low pressure is much more dangerous for human health than high. The consequences of hypotension may be different. The risk of getting a stroke or kidney problems at low pressure is minimal, but at the same time, blood begins to flow worse to the brain, which can cause constant fainting. When falling to the ground, the patient can hit, and then the appearance of more serious injuries, even death.
At low pressure, the minimum amount of oxygen enters the organs, which is displayed on their full functioning. In especially severe situations, tissue death may occur. In addition, do not forget that a very low pressure arises as a result of some hidden pathology. It can be heart problems, internal bleeding, a dangerous infection, and so on. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a specialist as soon as you notice the first signs of hypotension or general problems with blood pressure.
In some patients, low blood pressure is caused by a violation of only one – systolic or diastolic indicator. As in the case of general arterial hypotension, the norm of such arterial pressure is different for everyone. Top pressure 100 mm. Hg. Art. – the average minimum value for an ordinary healthy person who is not an athlete and does not live in specific climatic conditions.
The causes of low systolic pressure include the following diseases and pathological conditions:
- bradycardia (especially if it is exposed to the patient in combination with arrhythmia);
- disruption of the heart valve;
- pregnancy (especially the first trimester);
- increased physical activity.
Diastolic, i.e. lower blood pressure, with low upper pressure, hypotension remains normal. Top pressure 100 mm. Hg. Art. not always hypotension (in connection with the individual characteristics of the patient and his living conditions), but with its periodic appearance it will not be superfluous to consult a doctor.
Prevention of arterial hypotension
– periodically measure your blood pressure, keep a measurement log; – visit a cardiologist periodically; – try to lead an active lifestyle; – eat mainly foods enriched with vitamins, or take vitamin complexes; – observe the regimen of day/night, work/rest; – get enough sleep ; – avoid stress, think about a job change, if necessary;
If you have a hereditary predisposition to low pressure or if you want to protect yourself from such a problem, then you should start prevention in advance. This can be done by performing incredibly simple procedures that do not take much time, but at the same time strengthen your health, reduce the risk of hypotension and many other diseases. The following items can be attributed to preventive measures:
- take a contrast shower every day, doused with cool water, hydromassage helps a lot;
- sleep plays a very important role, so you need to sleep for 8 hours (for an adult).
This last point is especially important if the child is concerned about low blood pressure. In this case, sleep should last at least 10 hours.
As mentioned above, only a specialist should deal with treatment. On your own, without the necessary knowledge, you will not be able to choose safe medicines that could save you from the problem. Do not listen to the advice of friends, because the medicine that suited them, in your case, may not bring any result or even harm and cause serious complications.
Take the problem of low blood pressure very seriously, because this can lead to the development of other health problems. If you notice at least some signs of problems with blood pressure, then immediately contact a specialist, go through an examination and find out the cause of this condition. After consultation with the doctor, if he permits, you can use traditional medicine for treatment, which will also affect the normalization of pressure.
Diastolic arterial hypotension
Lower blood pressure is recorded at the time of relaxation of the heart muscle. Low diastolic pressure is considered such if the difference between the upper and lower blood pressure is more than 60-70 mm. Hg. Art.
Symptoms of the diastolic form of hypotension include drowsiness, a feeling of powerlessness, lethargy, dizziness, and nausea. Patients diagnosed with low diastolic pressure are irritable and often become tearful.
The causes of this form of hypotension include the following diseases and pathological conditions:
- renal or heart failure;
- vascular dystonia;
- allergic diseases;
- shock conditions;
- disorders in the thyroid gland.
Similar recommendations are suitable for people suffering from mild systolic hypotension.
Arterial hypotension lifestyle
AH does not always require drug therapy. Understanding how to live with low blood pressure is easy. All that is required is to observe the healthy lifestyle, to adhere to proper nutrition, sleep and rest at the time of exertion. Physical activity should be moderate. The best exercises for hypotonics are jogging, exercise on a stationary bike and swimming in the pool. These loads contribute to increased vascular tone.
With arterial hypotension, compliance with the rules is desirable:
- Sleep should be not only full, but also long. Low heart pressure to normalize indicators requires normal rest – you need to sleep 1-2 hours more than a healthy person.
- To give vessels (which inevitably weaken with this disease) tonus should increase the amount of liver, eggs, fruits and vegetables consumed in the diet. Eating should be mostly protein.
- With hypotension, a contrast shower helps well in maintaining normal blood pressure. In this case, the water temperature should be lowered gradually, over the course of several weeks. After taking such a shower, to achieve an even greater effect, you can rub yourself well with a towel.
- Immediately inform the doctor of any changes in state and adhere to all prescribed prescriptions.
- If you are often stressed, try to avoid the situations that cause it to you.
- Before going to bed, it is recommended that patients with arterial hypotension hold their feet in cool water for 1-3 minutes, accompanied by sudden movements, then put on woolen socks and walk around the room a bit. Helps patients with this disease and periodic visits to physiotherapy prescribed by a physiotherapist. Significantly improve your condition with this disease can and with the help of spa treatment.
Before ascertaining hypotension, the doctor must establish for a particular patient his low blood pressure, because the standard pressure is 100 mm. Hg. Art. not for everyone will be a threshold.