Kidney diseases are very dangerous and unpredictable in the clinical course, so it is not worth delaying contacting medical specialists. Such pathologies lead to a violation of the general state of the body – the exchange of fluid is disrupted, which causes every cell of the body, every organ and system to suffer.
If pains of aching, paroxysmal, stabbing and other nature periodically appear in the upper lumbar region, then this is a significant reason for seeking medical attention.
- Ten most effective drugs for kidney disease
How kidney disease manifests itself
Many doctors speak of the kidneys as the most mysterious organ. Inflammatory foci can torment them for years, and symptoms will manifest themselves anywhere, but not in the most affected organ. A patient with kidney disease can suffer from a wide variety of symptoms – from feeling unwell, for no apparent reason, to constant headaches.
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This kidney pathology can manifest itself in the form of a constant aching pain syndrome, dull in nature. By localization, pyelonephritis is unilateral (when one kidney is affected) and bilateral.
This infectious process can also be recognized by a number of signs:
- Temperature increase.
- Swelling of the face in the morning.
- BP is above normal.
- In a severe clinic – nausea, vomiting, fever.
- Headache, muscle aches.
Pyelonephritis is an insidious disease, and its independent treatment is unacceptable, therefore, an appeal to a nephrologist is mandatory in this case.
Another type of inflammation, which is characterized by an acute clinical picture. Bilateral severe piercing pain of a constant nature – all this indicates a developing inflammatory pathology.
Also, this symptom is accompanied by pronounced swelling of the face in the morning, high blood pressure, rare urge to go to the toilet and blood in the urine.
Symptoms of urolithiasis
This disease has spread widely over the past few decades, since it is most often caused by an improper diet and drinking water with many impurities. As a result, stones are formed in the kidneys, which, passing through the urine through the ureters and bladder, cause severe renal colic.
Colic can also be accompanied by sharp rises in body temperature, vomiting, and general malaise. Until the first stone forms and leaves the body, the patient can live with such a disease without suspecting anything about it.
It develops not only after diseases transferred by this organ, but also for other reasons:
- Severe types of poisoning.
- Improper use of strong medications.
Against the background of these reasons, the kidneys stop working in the normal rhythm for human life support – metabolic products are poorly excreted from the body and gradually begin to poison it.
Ten most effective drugs for kidney disease
First, consider diuretic medications:
It is used as a decongestant for a wide range of diseases, including chronic insufficiency of the urinary system, nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonerfitis in the acute stage. Also, the drug is used to prevent the formation of stones in the urinary system in patients who have a predisposition to their formation.
- Clinical hepatic and renal failure.
- Diabetes mellitus with a severe clinical picture.
- Children under 3 years old, old age.
- Low levels of potassium, sodium.
- Cirrhosis of the liver.
- Excess calcium in the body.
- Taking cardioglycosides.
With edema of various origins – an initial single daily dose of 25-100 mg. according to the clinical course, the dose can be reduced to 25-50 mg/day. or in 2 days. In severe forms of edema, the dosage can be increased to 200 mg/day.
Combined herbal antispasmodic. The drug, having a diuretic, diuretic effect, instantly relieves attacks of renal colic, removes stones and sand from the urinary tract.
Indications for diseases of the urinary system:
- Acute and chronic kidney and urinary tract infections.
- With urolithiasis for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes.
- Stomach ulcer, duodenal ulcer.
- Attacks of nausea, diarrhea, heartburn.
- Intolerance to any of the components of the drug.
- Age under 7 years old.
- Stones are larger than 3 mm.
Urolesan (drops) is taken before meals – it is recommended to take the drug three times a day.
8-10 drops are dripped on sugar. with renal, hepatic colic 15-20 drops. The course of admission is from 5 to 30 days. Children from 7 to 14 years old, 5-6 drops. drops also on sugar s r/d.
Urolesan in the form of a syrup is taken in a teaspoon 3 times a day (for adults), with colic, the dosage can be doubled with a single dose. The course of treatment is from a week to 1 month.
- Children from 2 years old – a single dosage of 1-2 ml.
- From 2 to 7 years old – 2-4 ml.
- From 7 to 14 years old – 4-5 ml.
- When used three times.
Urolesan in capsules is taken, starts from the age of 14, 1 capsule 3 r/d.
An effective herbal preparation with a diuretic effect, originally from Germany.
- Treatment and prevention of urolithiasis – helps to remove sand and crushed stones from the kidneys, due to its natural diuretic effect.
- Pathologies of infectious and inflammatory genesis in the urinary system, not accompanied by acute symptoms such as fever, acute pain syndrome, etc.
- Intolerance to the component component of the drug.
- Alcoholism, liver damage.
Children’s form of admission:
The drug is well tolerated starting from infancy: from 1 month of life, infants are prescribed drops (10 drops 3 r/d), from 1 year to 6 years – 15 drops 3 r/d. From 6 years of age, 25 drops (1 tablet) are prescribed also 3 times a day.
- 50 drops (2 tablets) 3 r/d.
Drugs for infectious diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract:
Fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug that acts on a wide range of infectious diseases.
Genitourinary infections sensitive to Ofloxin:
- Pyelonephritis, urethritis, cystitis.
- Genital infections.
Not assigned for:
- Persons under the age of 18.
- During pregnancy and during breastfeeding.
- Increased component sensitivity.
It is taken before or during meals with plenty of water or other liquid.
The daily dosage of the drug is 0,2-0,6 g. Appointment more than 0,4 gr. divided into 2 doses per day. A single dose (up to 0,4 g) is recommended in the morning – better in the morning. A therapeutic course from a week to 10 days.
Antimicrobial fluoroquinolone drug.
- Infectious lesions of the kidneys, urinary, biliary organs.
- Peritonitis, sepsis.
Not recommended for use in case of: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug and their intolerance, as well as during pregnancy and lactation period. Under strict medical supervision for disorders of cerebral circulation, atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, seizures, epilepsy and other psychological disorders, with renal failure and in old age.
Method of administration for infectious kidney disease:
With an uncomplicated clinical picture, 250 mg., With a complicated one – 500 mg., The dose is divided into 2 doses per day. The course lasts from 7 to 10 days. after the disappearance of symptoms, take the drug for another 2-3 days. With a vivid picture of renal dysfunction, the dosage is halved.
Broad-spectrum antibiotic. It is used for urinary tract infections:
Cephalexin is not prescribed in children under 3 years of age (under 10 years of age it is prescribed in suspension) and in case of hypersensitivity to the active substances of the drug. Also, this medication is not compatible with alcohol.
Adults and children from 10 years old – 0,250-0,500 g every 6 hours. The daily dosage is at least 1,5-2 g, in severe cases it increases to 4 g. The course of treatment is from 1 to 2 weeks.
A suspension is prescribed for children under 10 years of age. Dosage calculation: 25-100 mg/kg. body weights, divided into 4 doses per day.
Drugs prescribed for renal failure:
A diuretic, indicated for the effective drainage of urine from the body, the fight against edema in renal failure in various clinical courses. The drug is potent, especially in the form of injections, since it not only flushes out stagnant liquid, but also sodium and chlorine salts.
- Since the drug has a strong diuretic effect, improper use can lead to serious complications.
- If kidney failure is severe, this medication is not used.
- Hepatic or hyperglycemic coma.
- A sharp drop in the volume of urine excreted.
- Deposition of uric acid salts.
- Hypersensitivity to drug components.
- The daily dosage is 20-120 g.
- With pathology of moderate severity – 1⁄2-1 tab. 2 p/d.
- If the condition worsens, the dosage is increased to 2-3 tablets per day.
Has a pronounced diuretic effect, reducing blood volume and blood pressure.
- Renal failure.
- Disorders of urine output.
The drug is not prescribed during pregnancy.
The dosage of the medicine is selected individually by the attending physician, depending on the clinical picture of the disease (most often in a hospital under his supervision).
Improves and improves metabolic processes in the body against the background of acute renal failure, chronic renal failure. also a doctor can prescribe it for protein deficiency.
The drug is not used with a strong increase in the level of calcium in the blood test.
During pregnancy and lactation, treatment with this medication is carried out exclusively under the supervision of the attending physician – in a hospital.
This drug with recognized efficacy is prescribed for diuretic, anti-shock and plasma replacement therapy. The medication removes toxins from the body in case of renal failure, peritonitis.
Do not appoint Reogluman when:
- Heart failure.
The dosage is calculated based on the severity of the clinical course of a particular disease, in which the use of Reogluman is necessary.