Bladder papilloma symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Papillomatosis can affect the mucous membranes of various organs. It happens that growths appear in the ureter. Why this happens, how pathology is diagnosed and treated, the article will tell.

Papilloma of the urinary bladder – what is it

In the ureter, papillomas are rarely formed: in 10% of cases from all diseases of the urinary system. The disease is more typical for people aged 45 to 70 years. In young people, formations are rarely formed. Men are more prone to papillomatosis. The exact cause has not yet been established. But urologists suggest that prostate hyperplasia is the cause of the appearance of papillomas in the bladder.

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Urea papilloma is understood as a formation consisting of transitional cell epithelium of the mucous membrane of the bladder. The nature of the course is usually benign. But there are cases when, under the influence of certain factors, the papilloma became malignant. The tumor at the initial stage of development looks like a small growth on a thin stem. In the future, it affects the submucosal and muscular layers of the organ.

Causes of appearance

The exact causes of bladder papillomatosis are unknown. However, a connection was found between the formation of education and nicotine addiction, as well as the effect of chemical and biological carcinogens.

The human papillomavirus is capable of not manifesting itself for a long time after entering the body. But under the influence of certain factors, it is activated. The probable causes of papillomatosis, doctors include:

  • Cancer diseases.
  • Disorders in the urinary system associated with urinary retention.
  • Cystitis of viral origin with ulcerative and trophic lesions.
  • Adenoma of the prostate gland.
  • Presence of calculi in the urinary tract.

Symptoms

In the initial stages, bladder papillomatosis is characterized by mild symptoms. This is explained by the small size of the neoplasm. As the papilloma grows, it begins to disrupt the proper functioning of the organ. Signs of pathology appear:

  • Soreness in the lumbar region and groin area.
  • Discomfort and pain during the act of urination.
  • Frequent urge to use the toilet.
  • The appearance of blood streaks in urine.
  • Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
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Diagnostics

To make a diagnosis, laboratory and instrumental methods are used. Laboratory diagnostics consists in performing the following analyzes:

  • General analysis of urine, plasma. Attention is paid to hemoglobin. It may decrease due to intermittent excretion of plasma along with urine.
  • A smear from the urinary canal. Determines diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact.
  • Biochemical blood test. In males with papillomatosis against the background of prostate adenoma, chronic renal failure may develop. In this case, creatinine and urea exceed the standard value.
  • Blood test for prostate-specific antigen. Reveals the presence of a tumor process in the prostate.
  • Test of Nechiporenko. Assesses the severity of latent hematuria, leukocyturia.
  • Urine culture. Carried out to determine the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotic groups.

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Instrumental diagnostics involves performing:

  • Cystoscopy. The urinary tract is examined in a filled state using special optics. Modern cystoscopes allow biopsies to be taken from a suspicious area.
  • Ultrasound examination. Shows the size of the neoplasm, its location, the contours of the walls. The conclusion allows one to judge about the malignancy or benign quality of the papilloma.

Treatment

There are two options for treating papillomatous growths in the bladder:

  • Conservative. Chemotherapy drugs are injected into the organ cavity. Used in parallel means to reduce the inflammatory process and restore urodynamics. Doctors prescribe Urolesan, Cyston, Kanefron, Phytosilin, nitrofurons and antibiotics. Sometimes transurethral electroresection of the neoplasm is used. After removal of the tumor, a catheter is inserted into the urinary tract for several days. Prescribe a course of antispasmodic, antibacterial and analgesic agents.
  • Radical. It consists in completely removing the bubble. After the operation, the patient should undergo cystoscopy every 3 months. If everything is in order, then the frequency of inspections is reduced to once a year.

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    Removal of the bladder

    Folk methods

    At the initial stage, the disease can be overcome with folk methods. The effective recipes are listed below:

    • Hemlock herb tincture. You will need fresh hemlock leaves. Raw materials are poured with alcohol and insisted for two weeks. Take twice a day before meals. First start with one drop. Then the dose is gradually brought to 40. Then the dosage is reduced to 10 drops. Drink in a weekly course.
    • Tincture milestone. Dried or fresh plant root is required. Take 20 grams of raw materials and fill it with a liter of moonshine. They put them in a dark place for two weeks. Then they filter and drink before bedtime. It is necessary to start treatment with one drop, gradually increasing the dosage to 20.
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    Possible consequences and complications

    If papillomatosis of urea is not treated, the formation will begin to squeeze the organ, causing disturbances in its work. A dangerous consequence is the malignancy of the tumor. If the growth has been removed, the patient in the first days after the operation may experience complications in the form of bladder infection.

    Prevention

    Prevention of papilloma of the urea consists in regular cystoscopic control. It is not recommended to work in enterprises where there are factors provoking the disease. It is also worth quitting smoking and alcohol abuse. It is important to monitor your health, avoid hypothermia, timely treat all inflammation in the urogenital organs.

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    Svetlana Borszavich

    General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
    Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
    The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
    The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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