To the question of why arterial hypertension occurs, the answer is mixed.
Despite the fact that scientists cannot fully determine the true cause of arterial hypertension, a number of factors have been identified that contribute to the development of hypertension in humans.
Most often, such factors are associated with age or gender changes in the body.
In addition, the development of pathology can be caused by various disorders and the development of certain diseases in the body.
The main factors contributing to the development of hypertension are:
- Age features. The older the person, the more likely he is to “earn” an increase in blood pressure.
- The male sex, if not strange, is more prone to such an ailment than the female.
- Smoking, constant abuse of alcohol, in particular in men, as well as a hangover make the pressure rise.
- Improper diet, with a predominance of fats and simple easily digestible carbohydrates in the diet.
- Violation of the lipid composition of the blood – high cholesterol, a large amount of low and very low density lipids, triglycerides, etc.
- Low physical activity.
- Psychological and emotional imbalance.
- Genetic abnormalities.
- VVD or other neurovascular pathologies.
- Stress and excitement at work.
- Violation of the regime of work and rest.
- Harmful occupational factors.
- Living conditions.
- Magnetic fields.
- For women, this is a contraceptive.
- Weather and weather dependence.
Among the most characteristic symptoms of high blood pressure are:
- sharp tinnitus;
- dizziness, with pressure, the head begins to spin sharply;
- sensation of pulsation in the head and ears;
- nausea and even vomiting;
- shortness of breath with any physical exertion or at night;
Perhaps the appearance of “flies” and “stars” flying before my eyes
What is recommended if pressure rises?
Blood pressure values can be determined using a special tool – a tonometer.
Not everyone knows what to do if pressure rises sharply.
If a person is convinced that the pressure readings are high, and his condition is steadily worsening, it is necessary to resort to certain measures to eliminate this pathological condition.
Among medications, the most widely known and effective are:
- Captopril. The most famous and commonly used drug for stopping suddenly jumping pressure. It belongs to the group of angiotensin-blocking enzyme blockers, which allows it to block a cascade of specific reactions and dilate blood vessels. Its huge plus is speed. Half an hour after taking the medicine, its maximum concentration in the blood serum is noted. You can also use combined medications in which there is an active component of Captopril.
- Nifedipine. The drug also refers to urgent care substances with high blood pressure. It belongs to the group of Ca antagonists, that is, it does not allow calcium to enter the muscle cells of the myocardium and arteries, which deprives them of the ability to strongly and actively contract. Under its influence, vasodilation occurs, and the heart’s need for O2 decreases. The effect occurs after half an hour after taking the drug orally.
- Cardevilol and other compounds from the beta-blocker group. They are not drugs for urgent pressure reduction, since their activation occurs a couple of hours after ingestion. The advantage is that they have antioxidant properties, which helps protect the heart.
- Nitroglycerine. Its peculiarity is that it is a drug of short and rapid action. More often it is used to relieve unpleasant sensations in the heart area with angina pectoris, but in case of hypertension it helps to reduce the resistance of the vascular wall and “relaxes blood vessels”. Among the side effects of the application are severe headaches. To prevent a headache, you should take a menthol candy, Validol or Corvalment pill.
- Combination: Dibazole + Papaverine is widely known among ambulance specialists.
The famous “Hot injection” is also used as a solution of magnesium sulfate or simply magnesia. An injection is given intravenously to avoid serious complications such as muscle necrosis or phlegmon. Since magnesium sulfate is excreted using a renal filter, this drug is not recommended for the relief of hypertension in severe renal failure and in the elderly. Old age is not an absolute contraindication.
Pressure reduction with traditional methods of treatment
Of course, the treatment of hypertension should be combined. You should constantly listen to the recommendations of the attending physician and follow all his instructions.
But do not neglect the old recipes of traditional medicine to achieve normotonia.
Since blood pressure can jump at any time, special fees should be prepared in advance.
It is recommended to use infusions at these gatherings with a certain period: about 3-4 weeks, and take a break for a week. Repetitions of courses should be done throughout the year.
The most effective medicinal plants for stopping high blood pressure:
- Valerian in all forms. Whether it is a tablet form, tincture, infusion, etc. Phytoncides contained in its leaves favorably affect nerve cells, cardiomyocytes and smooth muscle of blood vessels. With hypertension, you can double the dose of a medicinal plant. In some cases, valerian is recommended to be taken even for hypotensive patients.
- Peppermint. Peppermint contains an active substance – menthol, which activates the reflex expansion of the vessels of the heart and other large vessels when ingested and inhaled by its vapor. Peppermint is recommended to be added to tea or cooked in the form of decoctions and infusions. You can also use peppermint essential oil to refill home scented lamps.
- Petals of a peony. With the help of this healing plant, tinctures from pressure were always prepared before. When taking a few drops inside, a drop in blood pressure, sedation and relief of headaches are noted. In addition, it increases hemoglobin.
- Every hypertonic knows chamomile tea. It has a sedative, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory effect. Beneficial effect on the vascular wall. Chamomile tea is also recommended for eye diseases.
- “Triple tincture.” To prepare such a remedy, mix 100 ml of tincture of motherwort, 100 ml of tincture of Valerian officinalis and 100 ml of tincture of hawthorn. With the regular intake of several drops of the “triple tincture”, the patients noted a decrease in the number of sharp pressure surges. The exact dosage must be observed and the frequency of administration should not be exceeded. In high doses, the combination of volatile medicinal herbs with alcohol can increase blood pressure.
- Rosehip has a diuretic effect. It enhances the filtration rate in the glomeruli of the kidneys, excess fluid is eliminated from the body. The constant intake of rosehip tea will not allow you to rise blood pressure,
To eliminate high blood pressure, you can use honey. In its pure form, in the form of infusions, tinctures, lotions, enemas and compresses, it strengthens blood vessels.
Procedures aimed at lowering blood pressure
What not to know at high pressure and what procedures to implement.
What to do if the increased pressure took the patient by surprise, and what measures should be taken to reduce the rate?
To reduce blood pressure in emergency cases, a whole list of recommendations has been developed.
Such recommendations of the patient are introduced by the attending physician.
The main tips are as follows:
- should timely relax and relax;
- apply a contrast shower;
- wash with cold water;
- use cold foot baths;
- the use of respiratory gymnastics with hypertension;
- the use of mustard plasters and pepper plasters;
- applying ice cubes to the great vessels and vascular plexuses;
- the use of rubbing the hands and upper back with a cloth dipped in cold water;
- applying vinegar compresses to the soles of the feet.
Rest and relaxation. The key to successful reduction of blood pressure is peace and conditions for relaxation of the whole body. The patient should lie down, turn off all the electronics, stop thinking about problems, close his eyes and relax. In this matter, yogis and people who know how to meditate are lucky. Sometimes a good rest stops the growth of blood pressure and thereby replaces the use of drugs.
Receiving a contrast shower makes the vessels “work”. A sharp change in temperature takes the vascular bed out of severe constriction.
A good effect is the procedure for washing with cold water. But for the therapeutic effect, just cool water or room temperature water is not enough. A few ice cubes should be lowered into a bowl.
A variation of the above event is the “cold” foot baths. Due to reflex activity, the vessels of the whole body, following the vessels of the lower extremities, will expand, and the blood pressure will drop.
Mustard plasters or patches with pepper are applied to the posterior surface of the lower extremities, neck and back. This method has been proven over the years and shows good therapeutic efficacy.
The video in this article is intended to help the reader in the choice of treatment and medication.Ask a Question