Many people with hypertension are wondering at what pressure they feel dizzy, nausea, vomiting, or weakness.
A number of people, due to their physiological characteristics, do not notice high blood pressure. Others note minimal changes in their condition when pressure surges.
If hypertension has formed and is observed for a long time, then the sensitivity to blood pressure in the vessels increases significantly.
You should not give up medical treatment after the appearance of unpleasant phenomena, as the body adapts to new indicators of blood pressure. In this case, it is often observed:
It is enough to suffer discomfort for about two weeks, after which health will improve.
High blood pressure provokes strokes of varying severity. A vessel that is affected by the pathological process can easily burst, after which there will come an outpouring of blood in the brain tissue, completely blocking its normal functioning.
Also, increased pressure can, on the contrary, lead to blockage of blood vessels, which is expressed in ischemic damage to the brain.
Hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes have the following characteristic symptoms:
- severe general weakness
- slow speech
- deviation of the tongue in different directions when it protrudes,
- nausea and vomiting,
- prolonged headaches.
Dizziness with increased pressure
With a sharp increase in blood pressure (crisis) or prolonged hypertension without medical treatment, vertigo appears. There are pains in the occipital region of the head, high intracranial pressure and nausea.
Dizziness can occur with degenerative changes in the joints and diseases of the brain. With brain tumors, in addition to being dizzy, dull pain occurs, covering the entire head or area of the tumor. After an increase in the neoplasm, intracranial pressure rises, and the pain spreads to the forehead and back of the head.
When high blood pressure is limited to an upper limit of 180 mmHg. Art., then turns on autoregulation of blood flow. Its essence is that if the pressure is increased, then the vessels of the brain narrow, after which the excessively intense blood flow slows down. Excess and oxygen deficiency are harmful to nerve tissue.
Blood flow autoregulation protects the brain from hyperfusion and returns pressure to normal levels. If the causes of the pathology are not clarified and treatment is not carried out, there is a risk of impaired brain function.
Vasoconstriction occurs due to an increase in the tone of arteries, and sometimes capillaries and veins, with a simultaneous decrease in the lumen between the vessels. This phenomenon is called vasoconstriction, it provokes the appearance of cerebral ischemia, so often dizzy.
Systematic vasoconstriction occurs with advanced hypertension in the absence of treatment. The reasons for this phenomenon are a change in the elasticity of blood vessels, which leads to total sclerotic processes, including the development of brain atherosclerosis. Due to the high load on the walls, blood vessels cannot take a normal shape even at optimal pressure values.
As a result, there is a chronic lack of blood supply to the brain and the person is dizzy. Pathological changes in the vascular system, as a rule, causes dizziness in the elderly.
Vertigo, which is caused by an attack of hypertension, is characterized by headaches of diffuse localization. The condition accompanies dizziness during rises and inclinations of the body, as well as turns of the head. Since the blood supply to the brain increases at night due to a person lying down, by morning, headache reaches its highest intensity.
When diagnosed with hypertension, nausea, dizziness, and heart pain are considered the first symptoms of increased pressure. Strong blood flow increases the load on the heart muscle, and pain appears. If a person has low blood pressure, then the head is spinning due to a lack of oxygen in the brain (hypoxia).
For low blood pressure, a decrease in the volume of blood supply in the brain is characteristic. When nerve tissue does not receive enough oxygen, nausea, dizziness, and weakness occur.
This clinical picture is characteristic of menopause and during menstruation in women. Violation of the hormonal background leads to the fact that the hemoglobin consumed by the body does not have time to be produced.
A decrease in the level of hemoglobin also contributes to the release of adrenaline into the blood. As a rule, this occurs after stressful situations and prolonged nervous tension.
What to do with dizziness
When the head is spinning suddenly, you need to take a horizontal position. The breath should be deep and slow, and the eyes focused on one point. If there is weakness and loss of strength, you need to do a neck massage for two minutes. Self-massage with hypertension extends to the earlobes and whiskey.
If your head is spinning against the background of fluctuations in blood pressure, it is important to find out the causes of the pathology, adjust your lifestyle and daily routine.
With increased pressure, inactivity is contraindicated. Hypertensive diet should contain:
- fruits and vegetables,
- foods with a high volume of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
For hypotensive patients, it is recommended to increase the duration of sleep. In particular, a good rest is necessary for people with frequent dizziness. A daily diet should include foods with a lot of vegetable fats.
You can drink coffee and chocolate from time to time. A contrast shower strengthens the cardiovascular system and helps normalize blood pressure. With any pathology of pressure, you should stop drinking alcohol and tobacco products.
Medical assistance is necessary if, in addition to dizziness, there is:
- general weakness
- blurred vision,
- incoherent speech
- anemia of the extremities.
Symptoms are characteristic of stroke conditions, therefore urgent medical attention is required.
Complex treatment with several doctors of different profiles is necessary if you feel dizzy and the following symptoms are present:
- hearing loss
- pain in the heart muscle.
Taking medications for dizziness is allowed only according to the doctor’s testimony. Diagnosis will find out the causes of the pathology through examinations and laboratory tests.
With hypertension, doctors can prescribe, along with drugs to eliminate the cause of the underlying disease, medications that reduce symptoms. Such funds eliminate the dizziness itself, acting on the inner ear and blood vessels.
To normalize the pathological condition, Cavinton is often used with the main active ingredient Vinpocetine. In addition, the Betaserc drug is widely used.
These medications eliminate the symptoms, not the causes of the pathology, and then optimize the mental processes. The daily dose of the medicine for pressure should not exceed 1 mg at a time.
Drugs should be taken no more than three times a day. After 1-2 months of use, a person observes a steady improvement. With high blood pressure, the doctor also prescribes drugs that can normalize the functioning of the inner ear and vestibular system.
This medicine is Reklanium, which is sold in the form of chewable tablets. To get a stable result, it is taken in half a tablet three times a day. The tool can be replaced with a similar drug Seduxin. Cinnarizine also has good recommendations, which should be taken systematically, three times a day.
To eliminate dizziness and the causes of this condition, use flunarizin. This remedy is prescribed in various dosages. The amount of the drug depends on the stage of the disease and the duration of treatment. In most cases, the remedy should be drunk up to 5 times a day.
If there is a pronounced symptomatology: nausea, vomiting and severe dizziness, then medical care should be provided immediately. In the absence of symptoms, the risk of stroke and heart attack increases. The video in this article will show all the causes of dizziness at high blood pressure.
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