Nervous experiences, constant stress, a sedentary lifestyle, a craving for fatty foods, being overweight are all risk factors that lead to high blood pressure.
Unreasonable fatigue, severe migraines, tinnitus, “flies” in front of the eyes – all these are symptoms of high blood pressure.
Often they are confused with ordinary fatigue and overwork. That is why the patient often finds out about his condition only when the disease is started.
In this regard, you need to understand what are the symptoms of high blood pressure? How to determine that there was an increase in blood pressure?
The most common causes of hypertension are persistent stressful situations and nerve stress.
It is the mental load and emotional shock that lead to spasm of blood vessels, as well as to the general tension of the entire circulatory system of a person, due to the fact that an adrenaline rush occurs.
After the load on the heart muscle increases, congestion in the veins and so on are detected. The following causes of high blood pressure are distinguished:
- Severe stresses, which include various conflicts, workloads, family scandals.
- Alcohol abuse and smoking.
- Passive lifestyle.
- Overeating, overweight.
- Diabetes mellitus, pathological condition of the kidneys.
- Harmful and fatty foods, large amounts of salt.
- Acceptance of a number of medications.
In addition, the causes of the disease may be due to a genetic predisposition to the disease.
Hypertension lies in the patient’s age, when, due to natural aging, pathological transformations in the heart and blood vessels have occurred:
- In elderly people, arteries are no longer so elastic, but thickened, because cholesterol was deposited on their walls.
- Therefore, blood enters a narrow vessel, and this leads to an increase in pressure.
In some cases, a person may have a short-term increase in blood pressure, as a rule, the reasons are almost always hidden in stress and tension. But, when a person calms down, the pressure normalizes.
It is worth noting such reasons for increasing blood pressure as an increase in the volume of fluid circulating in the human body.
In this situation, the kidneys cannot cope with their task, as a result of which they cannot remove the required amount of fluid from the circulatory system. Blood volume increases, and with it appears high blood pressure.
In 10% of cases, a jump in Blood pressure can indicate damage to the internal organ, or signal the development of the disease, and can be treated by eliminating the cause.
- Signs of high blood pressure
- Symptoms of intracranial pressure
- Treatment of the disease
- First a >A sharp jump in blood pressure is very dangerous due to subsequent complications, more specifically, the risk of developing a hypertensive crisis increases several times. It is he who leads the patient to a heart attack, stroke, cerebral aneurysm, and even death.
Signs of high blood pressure
Not everyone in the house has a special blood pressure monitor that will give accurate blood pressure readings. But, how then to determine that the pressure has increased, and to know how to properly measure the pressure? What sensations does a person have with such pressure?
It often happens that the patient learns about his high blood pressure only at a specialized medical examination, that is, the disease proceeds without any signs.
But, such a situation is most likely an exception to the rule, and there are very few such cases. However, even with such a disease, treatment is necessary. The main symptoms of the disease:
- Pain in the region of the heart, palpitations.
- Migraine, dizzy.
- No passing tinnitus.
- Nausea, hurt whiskey.
- Severe weakness.
- Panic condition.
If such symptoms were once – this is not a reason to worry, but if they occur regularly, it is worth visiting a doctor as soon as possible. To a more advanced stage of the disease include poor blood circulation and shortness of breath after small physical exertion.
Often heat of the whole body, redness of the skin on the body and face, sweating – all this is added to this condition, which indicates that a person has high blood pressure.
If the pressure rises very sharply, then there is a detrimental effect on the internal organs – the heart, blood vessels, brain.
A heart attack or stroke may occur. Hypertensive crisis develops quickly enough if it is not stopped in time, death is not excluded. Hypertensive crisis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- A sharp rush of heat.
- Dry oral mucosa.
- Cold limbs.
- Frequent urge to urinate.
- Headache, heartbeat.
Most often, a headache manifests itself in combination with pain in the heart, they usually give to the left hand.
Such symptoms may indicate that high blood pressure has led to pathological changes in the coronary arteries and heart muscle. This may include:
- Coronary heart disease.
- Angina pectoris.
- An increase in the left ventricle, which is accompanied by a decrease in cardiac output, and the development of heart failure.
If you start timely treatment in this case, then all the disorders associated with pathological changes in the heart are reversible if you lead a healthy lifestyle and take medications.
Symptoms of intracranial pressure
How to determine that a person has an increase in intracranial pressure? Initially, it is necessary to understand what intracranial pressure is – an excess or lack of cerebrospinal fluid in a certain part of the brain, as a result of which its circulation is disturbed.
The pathological condition is characterized by the following symptoms:
- The central and lateral visual perception worsens.
- Double objects, muddy veil before the eyes.
- Swelling of the eyelids and face.
- Humming in the ears, hearing loss.
- Migraines that have become regular.
- Pain in the cervical vertebra.
- General weakness and constant fatigue.
In a number of cases (rare), a benign intracranial hypertension is diagnosed. To date, such a diagnosis refers to one of the poorly studied pathological conditions in neurosurgery and neurology. Such a disease is more common in children and women with overweight.
Unfortunately, numerous studies have not yet concluded what causes this condition in the body.
It is worth noting that, as a rule, with benign intracranial hypertension, a person self-heals, two months after the first symptoms.
Treatment of the disease
After the doctor was able to determine the stage and degree of the disease, the necessary treatment regimen is prescribed. As a rule, if the parameters of blood pressure have changed slightly – up to 150/100, then the treatment is carried out using non-drug methods:
- Limit or eliminate salt intake.
- Fractional nutrition.
- Optimal exercise
- Refuse fatty foods.
- Reduce the intake of animal fats in the body.
- Special diet in the presence of excess body weight.
- Symptomatic therapy of concomitant diseases.
With this correction of lifestyle, most people manage to reduce and stabilize blood pressure. However, treatment for high blood pressure is carried out throughout the life of the patient.
That is why it is very important to choose such treatment and such drugs that will not only be effective and efficient, but also convenient to use. In this case, it is desirable to have a long action, which allows you to take it 1 time per day.
Treatment of high blood pressure is recommended by the following groups of agents:
- Diuretics (indapamide).
- Beta-blockers (Anaprilin).
- Calcium channel blockers or, otherwise, calcium antagonists (Amlodipine, Verapamil).
- ACE inhibitors (captopril).
- Angiotensin-2 blockers (Valsartan).
Initially, treatment involves the appointment of a small dosage of one of these agents, after which, based on how the patient responds to treatment, the dosage may increase.
In a number of cases, conventional compounds are chosen – thiazide diuretics plus beta-blockers/ACE inhibitors.
Diuretic drugs and beta-blockers are used as first-line drugs in the treatment of high blood pressure, because they have proven themselves, at the same time, they have an affordable price and high quality.
The correct treatment is selected only by the attending doctor, taking into account the characteristics of the patient’s body. It is important not to forget about auxiliary, non-drug measures for treating the disease.
First a >A sharp jump in blood pressure is very dangerous due to subsequent complications, more specifically, the risk of developing a hypertensive crisis increases several times. It is he who leads the patient to a heart attack, stroke, cerebral aneurysm, and even death.
As a result of this, the sooner the patient is assisted and the required therapy is started, the more chances there are to prevent pathological processes in the body and maintain normal human performance.
So, what to do with the first symptoms of a rise in blood pressure:
- It is necessary to immediately take antihypertensive drugs, which were previously prescribed by a doctor.
- If the attack is accompanied by symptoms such as sternum pain, a feeling of heaviness and lack of oxygen, another Nitroglycerin tablet is taken, which is placed under the tongue.
- For swelling of the face and legs, in addition to the items listed, you need to use a fast-acting diuretic, which belongs to the category of loop diuretics.
- As a rule, after 30-40 minutes, the patient’s condition improves.
- When the medications taken did not have the desired effect, the patient still feels bad, then you need to call an ambulance.
It is worth noting that if the attack occurred for the first time, the patient had not previously had such a condition, it is necessary to perform the following actions:
- It is necessary to drink 1 tablet of Captopril, a dosage of 25 mg.
- Or a half captopress tablet.
- Or put 10 mg of nifedipine under the tongue.
These drugs act quickly enough, help to improve the general condition of the patient, help normalize blood pressure.
The correct program of preventive actions includes quitting smoking and alcohol, optimal physical activity, and maintaining psycho-emotional health. Do not forget that every kilogram of excess weight helps to increase blood pressure by a few mm of mercury.
Hypertension is considered to be an insidious disease, because it often proceeds without any symptoms. If earlier it concerned people older than forty years, then in recent years it has become “younger” and even small children are not immune from it.
Therefore, it is very important to lead a healthy lifestyle, carefully listen to your feelings, and if there is even a single symptomatology, seek the advice of your doctor. About the signs of high blood pressure will tell in detail the video in this article.
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