Signs of anemia in women

Anemia is a pathological procedure in which there is a decline in the quantitative index of hemoglobin in the blood, which results in oxygen hunger of tissues.

In the primary number of cases, the reduction in the hemoglobin protein included in erythrocytes accompanies a little number of erythrocytes in the circulatory system.

With such indications, the lady’s body inadequately soaks up iron. This illness is likewise described as anemia.

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Blood cell anemia

It ought to be comprehended that anemia is not an independent illness, however just one of the signs suggesting the development of another pathology.

In women, it is provoked generally due to inadequate nutrition or diet plans, menstruation and structural functions of the genital areas.

In most cases, in women, anemia advances throughout reproductive age, when bring a kid, in girls from fourteen to eighteen years of ages, and in youth.

Fact! Many cancers, which are hard to deal with in women, development versus the background of anemia.

Classification of anemia

Classification in women happens depending upon what provoked the illness.

Anemia is divided into the list below types:

  • Scarce. This type of anemia is provoked by an absence of microelements that are specifically crucial for a lady’s body, in most cases it is an absence of iron,
  • Hypoplastic. This type of anemia is provoked by problems in the bone marrow, as an outcome of which there is a failure in the procedures of hematopoiesis,
  • Posthemorrhagic. A reduction in hemoglobin happens due to excessive blood loss triggered by injury, or open injuries,
  • Hemolytic. The damage of erythrocytes happens numerous times quicker than the development of brand-new ones.


There is likewise a department according to the seriousness of anemia.

Among them:

  • Leakage without signs
  • Moderate beginning of signs
  • Pronounced signs
  • Predcom,
  • Anemic coma.

Various elements can impact the look of anemia, however for any of its symptoms in women, it needs timely treatment.

What is specifically iron lacking anemia?

In most cases of anemia tape-recorded in women, it is provoked by an absence of iron in the body. The occurrence of anemia in women is much greater than in males. According to data, about 15 percent of all women experience anemia.

If a lady is bring a kid, the rate increases to 30 percent, considering that the expectant mom shares iron with the fetus. This type of anemia is called iron shortage. It is likewise provoked by plentiful volumes of menstruation, or blood loss related to gynecological pathologies.

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More typically, signs of anemia appear in women, after 40 years, due to the build-up of tiredness and the advancement of concomitant illness, and likewise at this age, women generally monitor their health more thoroughly.

Over the years, a lady has actually been dieting, bring a kid, and withstanding numerous tensions. This results in inadequate iron saturation of the body.

Normalization happens after fifty years, as women go through menopause and blood loss throughout menstruation no longer happens.

Gynecological illness

One of the most harmful provocateurs of anemia in women are illness in the field of gynecology, in which there is plentiful blood loss.

They consist of:

  • Profuse and extended durations. The existence of menstrual bleeding for more than 10 days shows pathological procedures,
  • Endometriosis (cells of the inner layer of the walls of the uterus start to grow outside the layer),
  • Uterine fibroids (benign growth development that happens in the muscle layer of the uterus),

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What are the factors for the look?

Since iron shortage in a lady’s body happens as an outcome of an absence of hemoglobin in the blood, the causes of anemia are straight connected to the discrepancy of the quantitative sign of erythrocytes and hemoglobin protein.

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Reasons provoking female anemia:

Compliance with diet plans low in iron, unhealthy diet plan.

Genetic predisposition. Some types of anemia are genetic (sickle cell).

Chronic gastritis. With the defeat of this illness, a considerable reduction in hydrochloric acid happens.

Intestinal bleeding. One of the most hard and undesirable elements to specify.

They do not provide discomfort in the intestinal tracts, however just manifest themselves in a modification in the shade of feces. In most cases, this is overlooked.

Deviations in the development of the hemoglobin protein, which results in a considerable decrease in the number of red cell.

The existence of flatworms (helmitons) in the body, impacting numerous organs.

Abundant blood loss from injury and open injuries.

Disorders of the stomach system, as an outcome of which the procedures of iron absorption are interrupted.

Carrying an infant. During pregnancy, there is a higher consumption of iron by the body, considering that the fetus itself eats it. That is why women who are bring a kid requirement to manage hemoglobin.

Also, anemia is possible for a long time after giving birth.

Prolonged disease. Failure of the kidneys, stomach ulcers, intestinal tracts, liver pathologies cause continuous blood loss by the lady’s body.

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Donation. Regular contribution of blood for contribution can likewise provoke anemia. At this time, it is needed to consume difficult to change the blood lost by the body.

A percentage of vitamins B12 and folic acid utilized. With vegetarianism and rejection from animal food, incorrect diet plans, there is a shortage of vitamins crucial to the body.

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Fact! The primary elements provoking an absence of iron in the body are pathologies of the stomach system and an inappropriate diet plan. Up to 60% of women experience anemia with continuous dieting.


Signs of anemia are typically incorrect for basic absence of sleep and tiredness. The signs of anemia can be both basic and distinct to anemia.

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These consist of the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the head
  • Hard breath,
  • Low physical endurance,
  • Constant weak point
  • Pain in the chest location
  • Changes in taste, which results in a clear desire to consume chalk, coal, raw meat, etc.,
  • Blurred eyes
  • Uncontrolled urination
  • Extremity convulsions
  • Inability to focus on something
  • The existence of a “lump in the throat”
  • Numbness
  • Lack of cravings, which results in weight reduction,
  • Failure in the cyclicity of the menstruation,
  • Muscle weak point
  • Low levels of the protein hemoglobin and/or red cell in the outcomes of blood tests,
  • The look of inflammations in the mouth, triggering discomfort when consuming hot food,
  • Brittle hair and nails
  • The fingers are getting cold
  • Blanching of the skin.

There are numerous signs by which you can recognize iron shortage anemia, and if one of them is discovered, you need to get in touch with a certified medical professional for assessment and screening.

What are the effects of anemia and what is its risk?

In order to avoid the development of anemia, with the advancement of issues, you ought to speak with a certified medical professional who will recommend reliable treatment.

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Low hemoglobin levels threaten for a lady’s body, since they cause hypoxia (absence of oxygen in tissues and organs, consisting of essential ones).

Ignoring the signs of anemia can cause the following effects:

  • Deviations in the work of organs. A percentage of oxygen considerably impacts the operating of internal organs and tissues. With an absence of it, numerous types of discrepancies happen, consisting of severe ones,
  • Nervous system conditions. There might be disruptions in sleep mode, a decline in intellectual capabilities, mental illness, irascibility, aggressiveness,
  • Malfunctions of the heart system. The heart starts to deal with higher strength, with an absence of red cells in the body, in order to make up for them. As an outcome, it wears rapidly and heart attack with anemia is a regularly tape-recorded element.
  • The decrease of the body immune system. Weak resistance results in a quick occurrence of infections. The opportunity of development of illness related to low resistance boosts.


mrt essenza - 39The medical diagnosis of anemia in women is basic. Initially, a lady must pertain to a certified medical professional who will perform a preliminary assessment.

As an outcome of such an assessment, the signs are examined: heart rate, pressure, color indications of the skin are taken a look at, the client’s grievances are listened to, and the history is studied in information.

Both lab and scientific research studies are performed to verify the main medical diagnosis. Hardware is utilized to discover the source and take a look at organs.

Research utilized to detect anemia:

  • Clinical blood test. It will reveal the basic state of health of the client, and discrepancies from the standard of the components that fill the blood. Determines the level of hemoglobin. It is appointed as the preliminary one for shipment.
  • Blood chemistry. An substantial blood test that will assist figure out the condition of practically all organs of the body. By changes in indications in one instructions or another, it is possible to figure out not just the impacted organ, however likewise the level of its damage.
  • General urine analysis. With this test, physicians detect kidney damage elements by keeping an eye on the level of protein and red cell in the urine,
  • Ultrasound assessment (ultrasound). A research study with which you can aesthetically see the state of capillary and organs,
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Shows the state of all organs of the body. It is utilized in severe scenarios and is costly.

The hardware assessments noted above might differ, depending upon the client’s grievances. With particular grievances of problems of an organ, the medical professional might recommend research studies intended particularly at the possibly impacted organ.


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Taking medications consisting of iron happens over an extended period of time.

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For an efficient course of treatment for anemia in women, complex treatment is utilized. It consists in an effectively changed diet plan, with adequate iron material, prompt usage of reliable treatment, and a well balanced day-to-day program.

Depending on the seriousness of the illness, courses differ from 4 to 6 months.

Effective treatment consists of the following elements:

  • Vitamin C. With its usage, the absorption of iron increases approximately 3 times,
  • Cytoprotectors,
  • Membrane stabilizers,
  • Antioxidants,
  • Vitamins of groups B1, B2, B6, A, E.

Drugs can differ depending upon the seriousness of the illness and the existing contraindications. The choice of drugs occurs independently for each client.

Side impacts are taken into consideration, which ought to be very little, with an adequate concentration of iron in the blood.

In most cases, amongst the drugs which contain an adequate quantity of iron, the following are recommended:

  • Feramide,
  • Ferrum Lek,
  • Ferroplex,
  • Jectofer,
  • Totem,
  • Sorbifer durules,
  • Maltofer.

The efficiency of the usage of iron-containing medications and the change of treatment are kept an eye on by the outcomes of blood tests.


dieta pri zhelezodefitsitnoj anemii - 43Initially, when detecting anemia in women, and for its avoidance, it is needed to change the diet plan.

Nutrition with low hemoglobin is extremely comparable to correct nutrition. Meals ought to be divided into 5 times a day (breakfast, treat, lunch, afternoon tea, supper).

It is not needed to consist of iron-rich foods in every meal. It suffices to utilize them when a day.

An successfully debugged diet plan assists to enhance the efficiency and condition of the body, currently in the very first week of its usage.

In order to take in foods consisting of a big quantity of iron, you require to study them.

The most saturated foods are noted in the table listed below:

Food item (per 100 grams)Concentration (mg)
Beef liver22
Black Eyed Peas7.8
Rabbit meat4.5
Fresh carrots0.5

It is advised to take in more bread, beans, spinach, soy, parsley, corn, prunes, apricots, rice and buckwheat, which likewise include iron.

What foods will you consume for anemia?

  • Cashew
  • mushrooms
  • Beef liver
  • Cocoa
  • Black Eyed Peas
  • Blueberries
  • Rabbit meat
  • Eggs
  • Fresh carrots

The rest of the foods likewise include iron, however in smaller sized amounts.

A lot of iron-containing foods trigger an allergy. That is why you ought to thoroughly choose your diet plan.

To stabilize iron levels in the blood, and get rid of anemia, the following quantity of iron ought to be taken daily:

  • Children – approximately 10 mg daily,
  • Women (18-50 years of ages) – approximately 18 mg daily,
  • Carrying a kid – approximately 27 mg daily,
  • Men (from 18 years of ages) – approximately 8 mg daily.


Preventive actions for hemoglobin shortage in the blood are focused on stabilizing the day, getting sufficient sleep, changing the diet plan, a more active way of life and walking in the fresh air.

It is essential to quit bad practices, as they have a higher effect on the development of numerous illness.

Specialist projection

Since the spectrum of signs of anemia is rather big, women ought to carefully keep an eye on the state of their body. At the smallest discrepancy, you ought to look for the suggestions and assessment of a medical professional, along with routinely take a basic blood test.

Since anemia is just an indication of some kind of progressive pathology, you ought to instantly search for the source.

In the lack of issues, and early detection of low hemoglobin, an iron-containing diet plan and reliable treatment are recommended. In case of adherence to treatment, the result agrees with.

If you do not follow a diet plan, or neglect the signs of anemia, severe issues can establish. Since all organs require an adequate quantity of oxygen, they start to experience an absence of it.

In advanced phases, results are not beneficial, and can cause coma, tissue death, strokes, cardiovascular disease, heart attack and death.

If signs of anemia are discovered, it is essential for a lady to instantly go to the health center.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.