The doctor is talking about a hypertensive crisis if blood pressure indicators have reached 250 by 120 or even 250 by 150 millimeters of mercury. However, it should be understood that for each patient, these numbers can be individual.
The reasons for the development of this condition are many, the main one is the presence of arterial hypertension. Often, sharp pressure surges to high rates occur when you stop taking antihypertensive drugs, this is called a withdrawal by doctors.
In addition, the pressure rises for reasons:
- excessive exercise;
- cerebral ischemia;
- excessive sensitivity to changing weather conditions;
- addiction to alcohol.
If a woman suffers from hypertension, her blood pressure from 120 and above may rise during menopause.
Approximately the same symptoms occur during exacerbation of ischemic disease, circulatory disorders in the brain, and acute heart failure.
Hypertensive crisis is of two types: complicated, uncomplicated. In the first case, the risk of damage to internal organs, stroke, heart attack increases. In this condition, it is important to know what to do in order to provide the patient with quick emergency care.
An uncomplicated crisis does not include hospitalization, but you also need to know what to do with it.
Symptoms of hypertensive crisis
With an attack of hypertension, many symptoms are observed, but the main sign of a pathological condition is a sharp increase in pressure up to the number 250-260/120-150 mm RT. Art. Among other signs, it is necessary to highlight:
- cold sweat;
- “Goose” skin;
- anxiety, restlessness;
- heart palpitations;
- lack of air;
- tremor of the upper extremities;
- nervous excitement.
At the very beginning, the patient will have severe pain in the head, which is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, fear of light, tinnitus, dizziness. Pain in the head can intensify if a person sneezes sharply.
Hypertensive crisis develops in different ways. Some patients become excessively irritable, tearful, they have a feeling of fear, red spots appear on the skin of the chest.
It happens that at the same time the digestive tract is disturbed, diarrhea and frequent urges to urinate appear. The patient’s systolic pressure will increase, reaching extremely high rates – from 230 and above. This provokes:
- heart palpitations;
- increase in pulse, venous pressure.
An uncomplicated attack can last several days, but it has less acute symptoms. The patient is confused, there is a feeling of drowsiness, stupor, a headache.
If severe vomiting and nausea has begun, this means that the diastolic pressure has increased, and the systolic has remained within normal limits.
What to do with a sharp increase in pressure
What to do if blood pressure rises above 250/120? Treatment should be carried out in several stages, during the attack should be provided with quick help, even before the arrival of the medical team. After that, the doctors will decide what to do – hospitalize the patient or leave him at home treatment.
First you need to position the patient so that he remains in a half-sitting position. If the patient is lying in bed at this time, a pair of pillows is placed under his head to ensure free breathing, to prevent suffocation, which often happens with a hypertensive crisis.
When a patient previously consulted a doctor for prescribing anti-hypertensive medications, he needs to take the medications recommended by the doctor. To reduce pressure quickly and efficiently:
- tablets are placed under the tongue;
- slowly dissolve.
It is additionally important to take blood pressure measurements as often as possible, monitor indicators, they must necessarily decrease smoothly. After 30 minutes, the pressure drops by 30 units, after 1 hour – by 50. If the optimum pressure level is reached, no other measures are necessary.
Pressure can not be reduced too sharply, as this will provoke a violation of blood circulation in the brain.
With a hypertensive attack, it is important to do everything so that the patient soon gets rid of a sense of fear and anxiety. To normalize overexcitation and a psychoemotional state, it is recommended to take a sedative. Other medicines are taken only after the ambulance crew arrives, after the doctors select the right medicine.
When it was possible to defeat the attack, you need to visit a therapist, cardiologist and undergo a full examination of the body. This helps to choose the optimal treatment, to prevent a hypertensive crisis in the future.
In addition to drugs, it is recommended to practice alternative methods of normalizing blood pressure. They are especially good for emotional stress, when the patient needs to calm down.
An infusion of herbs will be quite effective:
Each herb is ground, take a tablespoon of the collection, pour 250 ml of boiling water and insist 30 minutes. After that, the product is filtered, consumed in half a glass before meals three times a day.
In order to lower blood pressure to 120 and lower, tincture from other herbs is used: hawthorn, field horsetail, cinnamon, motherwort, birch leaves, adonis. It is prepared in the same way as the previous tool, take half a glass 3 times a day, always before meals.
Good at high pressure helps beet juice, which is drunk 100 ml three times a day after meals. The duration of such treatment will be 3 weeks. To increase the efficiency, natural honey and lemon are added to the juice in a proportion of 1 to 2. The treatment is taken in half a glass 2 times a day, best of all 1 hour after a meal.
Healing hawthorn juice has medicinal properties, it is consumed 30 minutes before meals. To expand the blood vessels, take cranberry juice, rub a glass of berries with sugar or honey, eat 3 times a day in a tablespoon before eating.
The most important role in maintaining health is assigned to proper nutrition. Hypertensive patients should refuse salty, fatty and fried foods, they should be replaced with fresh ones:
Also in the menu you need to include seafood, dairy food and lean meat. Watermelon helps to get rid of an excess of moisture in the body, as a result, pressure also decreases.
After suffering a hypertensive crisis, when the pressure is approximately around 120/80, the patient should completely give up smoking, alcoholic beverages, and foods that greatly increase blood pressure. In order to timely detect changes in your pressure level, you need to acquire a blood pressure monitor, systematically measure your blood pressure, monitor the indicators of lower and upper pressure. And the video in this article will answer the important question of deciphering the numbers of the upper blood pressure.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.