What to do if the tonometer shows high numbers and how to reduce them? The main reason that blood pressure is above 120/80 is constant stress and nervous experiences. Hypertension can also develop in patients with a genetic predisposition to it.
Not the last role is given to nutrition and the environment. The more often a person experiences, the higher the risk of disease.
There are two types of hypertension:
Hypertension should be understood as a chronic disease of the human cardiovascular system. To date, it has not been possible to find out a reliable reason for the development of this ailment.
Blood pressure of 150 to 90 (or 80) can be triggered by excessive consumption of saturated fatty acids. To a greater extent, these substances are present in vegetable and animal fats: palm and coconut oil, sour cream, butter, and hard cheese.
We must not forget about the so-called hidden fats, which are very rich in sausages, cookies, chocolate and other sweets. These foods are high in calories, although at first glance they may seem lean.
The tonometer will show numbers 155/95 and above if the patient likes to consume a lot of salt. Many culinary dishes along with hidden fat contain hidden salt. Therefore, when there is a predisposition to hypertension, it is better to give preference to fresh foods, not to abuse processed foods, junk food.
The deliberate restriction of salty foods will bring invaluable benefits to the body. If you do nothing and do not reduce excessive sodium intake, this will cause:
- deterioration of blood vessels;
- structural changes in the arteries;
- heavy load on metabolic processes.
Another reason for the rise in blood pressure is alcohol abuse. It’s a big mistake to believe that alcohol lowers blood pressure well. When the dose of alcohol is moderate, it will not affect the tonometer readings, but a large amount of alcohol will provoke an increase in heart rate and heart rate. In addition, alcohol contains biologically active substances that adversely affect blood pressure.
Blood pressure is still associated with a sedentary lifestyle.
In the case when the patient is forced to work at an intensive pace, to overcome daily difficulties, this entails overwork and pressure surges to the level of 165/95. High blood pressure can be a physiological reaction of the body to any tense situation. Therefore, the first thing to do to reduce pressure, try to calm down.
You can manage stress without harm if the patient:
- choose the best way to relax;
- will return to emotional balance.
It is possible that blood pressure jumps due to smoking. If you smoke regularly, blood vessels remain in good shape, lose their natural elasticity, undergo constriction and are calcified.
As a result, a precipitate forms on the walls of the vessels, which provokes an increase in pressure. Other reasons should be called overweight, the special structure of the body, hidden diseases.
What is considered the norm?
Normal blood pressure in adults should be measured only in a state of complete rest, since any physical or emotional stress will have a significant effect on its performance. The body controls the pressure on its own and with moderate loads, indicators can rise by about 20 millimeters of mercury. Doctors explain this fact by the fact that:
- muscles work during operation;
- organs need high-quality blood supply.
If we say what is normal and what is not, each person has his own norm. With the passage of age, irreversible processes occur in the body, blood pressure may increase. The older the patient, the higher the pressure, and this is quite normal.
On average, it is believed that pressure:
- norm – from 110/70 to 130/85, 80;
- reduced normal – from 100/70 to 100/60;
- hypotension – below 100/60;
- hypertension – above 140/90 mm. Hg. Art.
Moreover, depending on the age of the patient, these norms fluctuate, as follows:
- age 16-20 years old – from 100/70 to 120/80;
- age 20-40 years old – from 120/70 to 130/85;
- age 40-60 years – up to 140/90;
- age over 60 years – up to 150/90 mm. Hg. Art.
High blood pressure, as well as low blood pressure, can be caused by various health disorders. However, in order to understand the true cause of ill health, it is important to monitor your condition regularly. For this, a few visits to the clinic are not enough, since only daily monitoring of blood pressure will help show the full picture.
It is impossible not to mention that some people all their lives live with a pressure of 95/75 or 100/85 and feel great. Professional athletes, especially former ones who have had hypertrophied cardiac muscle for a number of reasons, are especially prone to decreased tonometer.
But for older people, too low a pressure is not normal, because in this case there is a danger of brain disasters. Diastolic figures in patients older than 50 years should not be lower than 80-85 mm. Hg. Art. If the tonometer shows the bottom digit 75 or even 70, you must do the following:
- urgently call an ambulance;
- increase low blood pressure with drugs.
It happens that the patient has an upper pressure of 100, and a lower one of 80-85. This is also quite normal.
Pressure 150 x 90
Previously, 150 doctors considered systolic blood pressure to be normal if a person is over 60 years old. The explanation for this is quite simple – hypertension is a consequence of the natural aging of the body and the inevitable wear of the cardiovascular system. However, today, half of people from 35 to 40 years old have problems with blood pressure.
Pressure with indicators of 150/100 cannot be called the norm, even for a patient older than 75 – 85 years. With a systolic pressure of 150, the lower number can be no higher than 90. When the tonometer shows more, this is not normal. At 150/100, it is a hypertensive crisis. In such a situation, the doctor will diagnose first-degree hypertension, which involves observation.
The main signs of a hypertensive crisis will be:
- heart palpitations;
- black spots before the eyes;
- sleep disturbance;
- noises in the ears;
- vomiting, nausea;
- loose stools.
Each of the symptoms indicates spasms of the vessels of the brain. With an exacerbation of the problem, a decrease in visual acuity, heart failure, a risk of stroke, heart attack due to excessive thrombosis will occur.
What to do if the upper pressure is 150, and the lower one is 85, 90 or even 100? If the patient is already taking certain drugs, most likely the doctor will adjust the dosage or change the list of drugs.
When the patient does not accept treatment, it is wiser to try to change the way of life, and not just go to the doctor. During a medical consultation, you should ask your doctor to check for problems that could cause you to stop breathing in your sleep.
The doctor will advise you to regularly monitor blood pressure and take special medications if it starts to rise. If there is a problem with blood pressure, you should definitely buy a blood pressure monitor and follow its indications for several days.
This will make sure that the patient’s body responds appropriately to the effects of the medication.
What to do?
If the lower pressure does not exceed the mark of 80, 85 mm. Hg. Art., in the first stages of the disease is quite enough:
- change nutrition;
- lose weight;
- do exercises.
Effective non-pharmacological methods for such patients will be psychotherapy, massage, meditation. However, when the level of arterial pressure rises rapidly and significantly exceeds the norm, it cannot be reduced without drugs.
Another factor that is always taken into account is the result that should be achieved. Target indicators for the bulk of patients:
- upper blood pressure – 140, 135;
- lower blood pressure – 90, 85, 80.
Previously, a slight deviation from these figures was allowed, but today the proposed indicators are universal for all patients with hypertension.
When the case of arterial hypertension is mild, and the patient is less than 60 years old, his ideal indicators are: upper pressure from 110 to 139, lower pressure from 80 to 85.
Drug treatment is indicated for persistent increase in pressure at a level of 160/85. When the patient also suffers from concomitant pathologies, indicators from 130/85 will become life-threatening. In such cases, medications must be taken to reduce symptoms.
With a pulse rate of 85 and a pressure of 100/80, a quarter of Anaprilin, Obzidan, can be taken to lower the heart rate.
Diet and other recommendations
So that blood pressure indicators are always within 120/80, and the upper does not increase, you need to strictly follow a diet. First of all, it will be necessary to reduce the consumption of salt, trans fats, fatty dairy products, all this is a diet for hypertension.
If the diet is not followed, salt will retain fluid in the body, increase the load on the cardiovascular system, and provoke swelling of the hands and feet.
Refusal of fats will help reduce blood cholesterol, which also contributes to:
Another recommendation is to monitor the weight gained, as being overweight significantly increases the load on the heart and blood vessels. To reduce weight, again, it is necessary to exclude high-calorie foods. And you need to do this all the time.
It is extremely useful to consume a sufficient amount of fruits containing many substances:
The micronutrients mentioned are found in potatoes, nuts, dried fruits and cereals. About what to do at high pressure, the video in this article will tell.
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