Starting as a malfunction in the regulation of blood pressure, hypertension soon becomes the cause of various pathologies of the internal organs. High blood pressure provokes the development of angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke.
Like other chronic ailments, hypertension can be corrected only if:
- systematic competent drug therapy;
- conscious change of habitual lifestyle.
With an organic combination of these factors, it will be possible to maintain optimal blood pressure, maintain excellent health, and work capacity.
High blood pressure is inextricably linked with a number of conditions that have a serious impact on the state of the cardiovascular system. About 60% of adults can identify certain risk factors for hypertension, while half of them have more than 1 factor.
It has been proven that arterial hypertension often develops in close relatives. The risk increases several times when more than 3 of them suffer from increased pressure.
Another risk factor is gender. Men are more prone to disease than women, especially after the age of 35 years.
The number of patients is equalized after 50 years, when menopause begins in women, their body undergoes serious hormonal changes.
Medicines for hypertensive crisis
If hypertension is unstable, the patient may periodically suffer from sudden changes in blood pressure levels, which are called hypertensive crises. In this state, a person is not for long, but it gives powerful symptoms and can cause death. Signs of crisis include:
- headaches, usually sharp and severe;
- blood pressure above 150/95 mm. Hg. st .;
- loss of orientation in space, accompanied by bouts of nausea, visual impairment;
- sharp flushing of the skin of the face;
- pathological panic, inexplicable feeling of fear.
Any episode of hypertensive crisis requires mandatory medication. It involves the use of several drugs at once, providing the most rapid assistance to the victim.
Means against high blood pressure should be taken only for a smooth relief of an attack that is not accompanied by serious complications. The main drugs should be called Nifedipine (dissolve under the tongue, begins to work after 5 hours), Captopril (take 10 or 50 mg, acts after 5 hours).
In addition, you should take a diuretic drug, beta-blocker, vasodilator. The most popular diuretic is Furosemide. It is administered intravenously at a dosage of 1 mg per kilogram of the patient’s body. The medicine can affect the body in different ways depending on the individual reaction of the patient. Therefore, sometimes an increase in dosage to 12 mg/kg of weight is justified.
Beta-blockers are good for high blood pressure:
Their use is justified in the case of a hypertensive crisis against a background of a reduced heart rate.
Vasodilators include sodium nitroprusside, which stops nitric oxide in the vessels, helping to relax arteries.
Prevention, treatment without drugs
Since it is impossible to cure hypertension and permanently reduce high blood pressure, it is extremely important to engage in prevention. It can be primary or secondary.
Primary prophylaxis is necessary for healthy people, whose blood pressure does not go beyond the norm, and secondary – to prevent exacerbations, hypertensive crises. The set of measures proposed below will help not only to maintain pressure indicators, but also to get rid of excess weight, significantly improve overall health.
It is required to begin treatment of high blood pressure with a gradual increase in physical activity. All exercises should be aimed at endurance training:
- general developing;
- training on simulators;
- breathing exercises;
However, with strong physical overstrain, an increase in systolic blood pressure can occur, for this reason the best option is to start exercising gradually, for 30 minutes, but every day at the same time.
Slowly getting rid of mild to moderate hypertension will help limit the consumption of salt. The maximum amount of sodium per day is 1 teaspoon (5 g). It must be borne in mind that various meat semi-finished products, sausages, pickles, and smoked foods also provoke high pressure. Naturally, such products should be abandoned completely.
So that the taste changes are not so noticeable, salt can be replaced with garlic, herbs. If hypertension is extremely difficult to abruptly refuse salt, you can ask your doctor for permission to use a product with a reduced sodium content, the taste of which is practically the same.
Refusal of food of animal origin will help to get rid of pressure:
- sour cream, butter;
- lard, fried meat.
The menu should contain a sufficient amount of vegetables, berries, fruits, low-fat varieties of fish, vegetable oil. Dairy products and meat cannot be completely excluded from nutrition; they must be replaced with varieties with a minimum amount of fat. This will help to reduce weight and enrich the diet with the most important element in hypertension – potassium.
Mandatory psychological relief will help reduce high blood pressure in hypertensive patients, since it is stress that is the main reason for the increase in blood pressure. The ways to relieve emotional stress are usually attributed to: meditation, auto-training, self-hypnosis. It is necessary to learn in everything and always see only positive moments, look for the joys of life, work on character traits, and change for the better.
Another condition for successful treatment is the rejection of addictions. Smoking, alcohol and high blood pressure can safely be called a time bomb, which will sooner or later kill a person.
When the diagnosis of hypertension is confirmed, protection against negative consequences should be added to all the above methods of prevention:
target organ damage (eyes, heart, brain, k >If preventive measures have not brought the desired result, how to treat high blood pressure in this case? How to get rid of him once and for all?
High blood pressure, which persists on the background of a change in lifestyle, requires the connection of drugs. Otherwise, exacerbation of hypertension is not excluded.
Monotherapy and the use of combination drugs will help cure the disease. Often, only the first degree of hypertension is treated with one drug in minimum dosages, when health disorders are minor.
Of great importance is the correct choice of medication with which therapy begins. It will be required to take into account all possible contraindications, the possibility of correcting concomitant violations, if necessary.
More often than others, cardiologists recommend medicines that maximally satisfy the requirements:
- maintaining normal fat, carbohydrate metabolism;
- lack of impact on the level of electrolytes in tissues, blood;
- smooth decrease in blood pressure;
- lack of impact on the activity of the central nervous system.
Treatment of high blood pressure with one drug is carried out as long as possible, increasing only its dosage. However, sooner or later, it becomes necessary to use a medicine of another group or a combination of several means of various groups.
There may be several treatment options, for example, beta-blockers can be supplemented with diuretics, calcium antagonists or ACE inhibitors. In addition, the doctor may recommend ACE inhibitors in combination with diuretics or calcium antagonists.
It may be that such a treatment will not be able to cure high blood pressure, therefore, there are indications for connecting a third drug.
A slightly different approach to the treatment of severe or malignant hypertension. The peculiarity is that it is necessary not only to keep the blood pressure normal, but also to get rid of the symptoms of target organ damage. This includes a violation of the autoregulation mechanisms of the brain, heart, blood vessels of the eyes, and kidneys.
In patients with severe arterial hypertension, a sharp decrease in blood pressure (approximately 25% of the initial and higher) poses a threat of rapid deterioration of well-being, dangerous complications, up to a fatal outcome. Blood pressure should be normalized in stages: initially no more than 15%, after a month another 15%.
The second stage of pressure reduction is started only if:
- relatively well-being;
- lack of angina pectoris, renal failure;
- lack of circulatory disorders in the brain.
With extremely high blood pressure, treatment with combinations of three or four anti-hypertension medications is practiced. When the syndrome of malignant hypertension is combined with insufficiency (renal, coronary, cardiac, cerebrovascular), surgical treatment is indicated.
The results of therapeutic measures taken with problems with pressure and lesions of target organs are considered to be positive if it was possible to achieve:
- smooth decrease in blood pressure by 25% or more (if compared with the initial indicators);
- complete or partial disappearance of signs of hypertensive encephalopathy;
- improving the overall picture of the fundus, improving the quality of vision (which was confirmed by diagnosis);
- improvement of kidney function (concentration, nitrogen excretion).
Hypertensive, regardless of the age and degree of the disease, even under conditions of absolute normalization of blood pressure should carefully monitor their health. He needs to systematically take hypertensive drugs, daily measure his pressure, write down the results in a specially designated notebook.
The measurement data should be shown to the doctor every 3 months, since during this period tolerance to medicines could develop. If this happens, the doctor will need to reconsider the necessary dosages or even change the treatment regimen.
With timely initiation of therapy, there is a real opportunity to 100% prevent the development of life-threatening complications of the disease, including stroke, renal failure, blindness, heart attack.
If you use medicines that smoothly lower blood pressure, the patient will no longer suffer from excruciating headaches, he will improve falling asleep, sleep quality, and nerves will strengthen. How to lower high blood pressure will tell the specialist in the video in this article.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.