Each year in the world, hypertension affects tens of thousands of people. The causes of high blood pressure may be different, but often they are individual. But often, doctors are not always able to accurately determine the factors why there is an increase in pressure.
So, there are various reasons for a fairly high pressure. The most common is the wrong lifestyle. So, hypertension may appear due to addiction.
For example, cigarettes have a negative effect on the entire cardiovascular system. In addition, when smoking, there are consequences such as the formation of blood clots and malfunctioning of blood vessels. When the vessel functions normally, then when the blood stream enters, it expands, and in the smoker it narrows, which has an adverse effect on the operation of the entire system.
Another increase in pressure causes excessive drinking. Although some mistakenly believe that alcohol can lower blood pressure. In fact, in a small amount it does not affect the level of pressure, however, if you drink alcohol-containing drinks in large volumes, then the heartbeat becomes more frequent, as a result of which consequences such as an increase in blood pressure occur.
Improper diet associated with the use of fatty and salty foods are the leading factors because of which the level of blood pressure can be constantly increased. Therefore, successful treatment of hypertension is impossible without changing the diet. To this end, it must be enriched with dietary, fortified and light foods (vegetables, fruits, dairy products, lean meat and fish).
In addition, the diagnosis of hypertension is often made to people suffering from obesity. After all, the more body weight, the more blood is needed to supply all parts of the body. But the vessels in a complete person do not expand, as a result of which they have to work more intensively under high pressure.
Another level Blood pressure can be high with a lack of minerals. For the cardiovascular system to function normally, it needs magnesium and potassium. The latter removes excess salt from the body and conducts a cardiac impulse, while magnesium strengthens the heart and prevents the formation of blood clots.
Moreover, the causes of high blood pressure are often a lack of physical activity. Indeed, thanks to sports activities, the likelihood of hypertension is reduced by 20-50%. Without obtaining the necessary load, the vascular system loses its tone, therefore, under load conditions, malfunctions can occur in its functioning.
In addition, a disease such as hypertension can be caused by stress. However, with the right approach, this factor can be eliminated. So, at the first manifestations of depression and emotional outbursts, you need to relax and relax in a calm environment.
Also, an unfavorable environmental situation leads to an increase in blood pressure in humans. In particular, such a problem is typical for residents of large cities, with developed industry and workers in hazardous industries.
The most unpleasant and practically undetectable factors for the development of hypertension is a hereditary predisposition, anatomical features of the body that interfere with natural blood flow and old age.
Hypertension can also be a symptom of a number of other diseases:
- pheochromocytoma (adrenal gland disease);
- heart disease;
- thyroid disease;
- narrowing of the renal arteries;
- kidney stone disease;
In this case, hypertension is called symptomatic and based on the factors of its occurrence, the disease is divided into:
However, the percentage of such diseases is insignificant (about 5%). Therefore, most often the doctor makes such a diagnosis as essential hypertension, which develops as a result of the deregulation of the neurophysiological setting of the body.
It is worth noting that with hypertension, not only the upper (systolic), but also the lower (diastolic) pressure rises, which can cause more significant consequences. Basically, the indicators increase, due to metabolic disorders and kidney diseases. Moreover, with a poor metabolism, such manifestations as:
- rhythm disturbance;
- sharp pallor;
- heart palpitations;
- violation of the chair;
- nausea and vomiting.