Deformation of the gallbladder causes, types, treatment

Deformation of the gallbladder is often diagnosed, such a pathology occurs regardless of the age category. Most often it is congenital. In some cases, it can signal the onset of the development of another disease. When the first symptoms of an unpleasant condition arise, it is recommended to visit a doctor, undergo the prescribed examinations and begin a timely course of treatment.

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General characteristics

What it is? Deformation of the gallbladder, according to experts, does not mean an independent ailment, but a congenital or acquired condition, which indicates any disease of the organs of the biliary system, for example, about DVP. This pathology is characterized by a change in the shape, size or structure of the walls of the organ.

The most common S-shaped deformity. Such inflection is often hereditary or is diagnosed in childhood, when there is an active growth of internal organs. Usually, as the child grows up, the bend straightens on its own. With such a pathology, certain rules of nutrition and physical activity should be adhered to.

This diagnosis is included in the list of the ICD 10 classifier (international classification of diseases). ICD code K80-K87 or Q44. With this pathology, there are various complications for the biliary system (for example, the risk of cholecystitis increases).

What is dangerous

Why is the bend of the gallbladder dangerous for a child and an adult? This pathology is dangerous for the development of complications. In the predominant number of situations, the consequences are manifested in the form of stagnation of bile secretion, and this already leads to complications such as cholesterol deposits in the natural reservoir.

When bending and twisting, the following consequences develop:

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  • deterioration of microcirculation of blood fluid, disturbances in the blood supply to the organ, this is dangerous, since necrosis and rupture of its walls may occur,
  • if bile leaves the organ, an inflammatory process develops in the abdominal cavity – peritonitis. In this case, medical assistance should be provided as quickly as possible, since such a condition is dangerous to the patient’s life,
  • if deformity begins to develop in the area of ​​the neck of the bladder, this will invariably cause inflammatory reactions, which usually involve its walls, as a result of which adhesions are formed,
  • such a pathology negatively affects the composition of the liquid and the digestive process,
  • strong twists are dangerous with violations in the functions of the organ.


If a deformity of the gallbladder develops, symptoms may be absent in many cases. In addition, the symptoms and treatment are directly related, since the duration of the course of therapy and the dosage of prescribed medications will directly depend on the severity of clinical manifestations. Deformation of the gallbladder is usually manifested by the following clinical signs:

  • Difficulty emptying the intestinal tract or an intestinal disorder
  • bouts of nausea or vomiting
  • increased production of sweat,
  • painful sensations, feelings of bloating on the right,
  • hyperthermia (often subfebrile).
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Also, a change in the shape of the reservoir can be manifested by a sharp decrease in body weight, yellowness of the epidermis is possible.


Why does gallbladder deformity occur? The causes of deformity in adults can be different. They are conventionally divided into two groups – congenital and acquired.

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Congenital form

Often, such a pathology can be congenital, congenital deformity occurs under the influence of hereditary factors, and defects associated with disorders in intrauterine development can also occur. During gestation, a pregnant woman must strictly adhere to all medical recommendations. Lifestyle and nutritional disorders invariably affect the developing fetus. If a woman smokes, drinks alcohol, is often stressed, this negatively affects the development of the internal organs of the unborn child.

The hereditary factor is also important. In the presence of such a pathology in parents, there is a possibility of its development in the child.

Acquired form

A person suffers from acquired forms of deformation under the influence of the following reasons:

  • the development of a chronic inflammatory process in the biliary system,
  • calculi in the cavity of an organ or in its channels,
  • unhealthy diet – fasting or overeating,
  • excessive loads on the muscular apparatus of the abdominal cavity,
  • development of adhesions,
  • weakening of the diaphragm,
  • diseases of the digestive system,
  • JVP,
  • the formation of neoplasms of a benign or malignant nature.

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These types of pathology are classified:

  • curvature in the area of ​​the body and the bottom of the organ,
  • kinking in many areas,
  • labile type,
  • curvature of the neck,
  • s-shaped torsion,
  • pathological configuration of the walls.


A kink of the gallbladder in the body is usually congenital. As the child grows up, he straightens up. Until the age of 7, we can already talk about recovery. It is manifested by attacks of nausea, painful sensations of unclear localization.

Overtightened organ

A clamp in any part of the organ is dangerous by a violation of the outflow of bile and a deterioration in blood circulation. Formed during gestation or acquired under the influence of negative factors. It is dangerous. Treatment is effective only in childhood.


Kinking occurs in different parts of the tank. It can be congenital and acquired. Symptoms may be absent for a long time, or may appear abruptly. Treatment is standard.

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The S-shaped gallbladder is characterized by a deformation in two places in the organ. Most often, an S-shaped deformity of the gallbladder is diagnosed during an ultrasound examination, it is congenital. It can pass on its own, and after a while reappear.

Kink in the neck

If twisting develops in the cervical region, calculous cholecystitis is the cause. Complications – adhesions and violations of the outflow of secretion.

Labile bend

Labile deformity develops under the influence of intense physical exertion, is eliminated independently when a person is at rest.

Outline shape

Contour deformity in infants is manifested by a painful attack after feeding. Deformation of the walls of the gallbladder is determined by ultrasound, as an increase in the density of the walls of the organ.


Echo signs of kinking of the gallbladder are determined by ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs. This study shows pathological changes in shape, increased density of the walls of the organ, calculi or depressions are visible.

Pathology in a child

Deformation of the gallbladder in a child is most common. If there are no symptoms, no specific treatment is given. With age, this pathology most often goes away on its own.

Tips Komarovsky

Dr. Komarovsky advises to adjust nutrition in such a way as to reduce the load on the organs of the digestive system. With an exacerbation of symptoms, it is necessary to visit a gastroenterologist as soon as possible and undergo a course of prescribed treatment.

How to treat

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If the deformation of the gallbladder manifests itself in a certain clinical picture, treatment involves the use of antibacterial drugs, antispasmodics, choleretic drugs prescribed by a specialist. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids, vitamin therapy, physiotherapy procedures (after stopping a painful attack) are also prescribed, their task is to improve the outflow of secretion, restore blood circulation, prevent stagnation and the formation of calculi.

In the presence of vomiting attacks, detoxification therapy is prescribed. Hepatoprotectors are prescribed by your doctor to support normal liver function. To maintain normal intestinal microflora, bifido and lactobacilli are used.


Nutrition with deformation of the gallbladder should be correct. To reduce the stress on the abdominal organs, you should eat in small portions, but often. It is recommended to eat porridge on the water, low-fat soups, lean varieties of meat and fish products are allowed, vegetables and fruits should be present in the diet. It is imperative to observe the drinking regime in order to prevent stagnation of secretion, drinking at least one and a half liters of clean water.

Such nutrition should be observed not only during the period of exacerbation and treatment. In the future, you also need to limit the amount of harmful foods in the diet. If traditional treatment is ineffective, doctors consider the feasibility of radical surgery.


What to do with a deformed gallbladder in a child

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.