The generally accepted figure for blood pressure is 120̸80. Its value is individual for everyone. The error is 10-20 mm Hg. Art. to either side is considered a variant of the norm, but only on condition of good health. It follows from this that a pressure of 100 to 70 is not always a pathology. However, these changes cannot be ignored, since cardiovascular diseases are often the cause of death. For any fluctuations in the numbers, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
Normal or sick?
In a newborn, the blood tone is 70-50 mm Hg. Art. Over the course of time, the indicators gradually increase and only by 2 years reach the level of 100̸70. Closer to adolescence, the values are close to standard numbers and remain for life.
- Young boys and girls with a thin physique and a low weight category.
- Athletes or recreational athletes who exercise regularly.
- Pregnant women.
- Elderly people.
With active sports load, hyperoxygenation of internal organs occurs. Adrenaline, endorphin, serotonin and many other chemicals that stimulate various processes in the body are released into the blood. Therefore, during exercise, blood pressure rises to 110 to 90, and in a moment of calmness decreases to their usual level of 100 to 70.
During pregnancy, low blood pressure is due to a change in hormonal levels and the formation of completely new vascular networks in the placenta and in the body of the fetus. If the woman feels satisfactory, and all tests are normal, then there is no cause for concern. This is a physiological phenomenon, but it requires constant monitoring, since due to advanced hypotension, the mother’s blood circulation slows down, and this negatively affects the health of the baby.
In old age, a low blood tone is considered normal if it is found from childhood and accompanies a person throughout his life. During this time, there is a habituation to the peculiarities of such a condition, and the person adapts to chronic symptoms.
These categories of people feel comfortable and lead a normal life, like those with an ideal indicator. But they definitely need to regularly monitor the values in order to avoid the development of various ailments.
In general, in adults from 20 to 60 years old, a value of 100–70 indicates mild hypotension. This means that the blood flow is disrupted, which ensures the constant delivery of oxygen and other beneficial nutrients to cells and tissues, as a result of which pathological processes begin in the body.
The provoking factors
The cause of occurrence is:
- Genetic inheritance.
- Endocrine diseases.
- Stress overexertion and nervous breakdowns.
- Taking medications, the components of which affect the pressure.
- Sleep deprivation.
- Irrational food.
- Blood loss.
Important! Hypotension often indicates hidden diseases, so you need to take this violation seriously and in no case ignore it.
Most often, low blood pressure in a person causes discomfort, and there are such complaints:
- Frequent dizziness, especially when changing body position.
- Feeling of lack of air.
- Headache regularly.
- Apathy, weakness, drowsiness.
- Pale skin.
In women, chronic hypotension leads to menstrual irregularities, and in men, it provokes impotence.
Why does a headache appear with hypotension?
This condition causes low tone in the arteries that supply the brain. Unpleasant sensations can radiate to the temporoparietal region. If changes occur in the venous bed, then the pain is focused in the back of the head. It is accompanied by nausea and great whirling.
In no case should you take pain relievers. It is recommended to use adaptogens, which will bring the level of blood pressure back to normal, and all symptoms will disappear.
Rapid pulse with low blood pressure – cause for concern
For each person, the average heart rate per minute fluctuates between 75-80 – at the generally accepted level of blood tone. And if, with a low blood pressure, the heart begins to contract faster, and the pulse increases to 100, then there is a violation of the supply of blood to all organs. In this case, hypoxia develops, and the brain suffers first.
Important! The combination of hypotension and tachycardia indicates severe changes in the work of the cardiovascular system.
Reasons that stimulate the pathological state of the body:
- Large blood loss.
- Developing inflammatory processes.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Vegeto-vascular dystonia.
With a high pulse and low blood pressure, a person experiences the following symptoms:
- Soreness in the chest.
- Great weakness.
- The head is spinning, which leads to disorientation in space.
- Limb tremor.
- Heartbeat 100. Every beat is clearly audible.
- Feeling of shortness of breath.
The patient does not perceive information and is very agitated, afraid of dying.
The first step is to put the patient to bed so that the lower limbs are above the head. Unbutton squeezing clothing and offer to take a few deep breaths, hold your breath for a while, then gradually exhale the air. It is recommended to give hot tea with dark chocolate to drink.
Sometimes you can Citramon – contains caffeine. Also take sedatives to calm the pulse – Valocardin. If the condition does not improve, a doctor should be called.
Conservative treatment of hypotension
If you find characteristic symptoms, you should consult a doctor. The specialist will diagnose, identify the cause and make an individual course of therapy.
In the fight against the disease, the following groups of drugs will help:
Important! The wrong combination of drugs can lead to severe complications. Self-medication is strictly prohibited.
Fix the problem at home
To bring a person’s pressure to normal values, you need to adhere to the following recommendations:
- Healthy sleep should last 8-9 hours a day.
- After a night’s rest, it is forbidden to suddenly get out of bed. It is necessary to carry out a light warm-up and only then sit on the edge of the bed. You need to stay in this position for a few minutes.
- Cool shower. It is necessary to start taking water procedures with warm coefficients and gradually reduce them, down to cold temperatures.
- Breakfast includes a cup of hot strong tea with sweets. Better to choose green varieties and healthy ingredients in the form of dark chocolate, honey or dried fruit.
- Balance food and distribute rationally over the clock. Every day, you need to eat foods that are high in vitamins, nutrients and minerals: fruits and vegetables, dairy products with a low percentage of fat, dietary poultry and sea fish.
- Increase the duration of walks in the fresh air, do more yoga or do light exercise.
- Lead a healthy lifestyle.
- Get rid of stress.
If the pressure is at 100 to 70 mm Hg. Art., and a person feels comfortable, then this is his individual indicator, and not a cause for concern. But with the appearance of the slightest symptoms that bring discomfort, and a deterioration in the general condition of the body, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor.
Why the head hurts | Migraine Cause | exercise – how to quickly relieve a headache without pills How to treat low blood pressure. Hypotension. Home remedy for increasing blood pressure Live well! Pressure and headache. (09.06.2017)
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