An increase in heart rate in medicine is called tachycardia. It leads to deterioration of the heart muscles and the occurrence of ischemic disease, heart attack, stroke and other dangerous diseases. This condition is not asymptomatic.
With an increase in heart rate (heart rate), these signs may be present:
- noise in ears;
- panic attack;
- wet palms;
- pulsation of the temples, fingertips, chest;
- “Cotton” legs;
- faint state
If these symptoms appear for several days in a row, you need to urgently consult a specialist, as this indicates serious health problems.
To accurately calculate your heart rate, you must follow these rules:
- Heart rate measurement should be done in the morning.
- Sit in a comfortable position and relax.
- Feel the pulsation on the wrist where the radial artery is located.
- Press the middle and index fingers and count the number of strokes in a minute.
- The pulse values will be correct only when measuring it on the hand. If you do this on the neck, then when pressing on the carotid artery, an increase in pulsation is noted. Then the result will be unreliable.
- It is not advisable to measure the pulse after any physical activity (it will be increased)
For convenience, determining the normal heart rate in different age groups, the table below.
|Permissible pulse values in a healthy person|
|Up to 1 month||110/140/175|
|From 1 to 12 months||102/132/162|
|From 1 2 years up||94/124/154|
|From 4 6 years up||86/106/126|
|From 6 8 years up||78/98/118|
|From 8 10 years up||68/88/108|
|From 10 12 years up||60/80/100|
|From 12 15 years up||55/75/95|
|From 15 50 years up||60/70/80|
|From 50 60 years up||64/74/84|
|From 60 80 years up||69/79/89|
In a healthy person, the number of heart contractions in one minute ranges from 60 to 90 beats. This table shows: if a middle-aged person has a pulse of 100-101 beats per minute, it means that his heart rate is too frequent.
It is necessary to identify the cause of this condition in order to resolve the problem.
What are the causes of tachycardia?
There are various factors due to which the pulse can be increased even with normal blood pressure. It should be borne in mind that the rhythm of the heartbeat depends on the person’s lifestyle.
For example, athletes have it less often, as their heart is trained and accustomed to stress. In women – more often than in men, and during menopause it accelerates by another 6-7 beats per minute.
Such circumstances as stressful and emotional situations, physical activity also lead to increased heart rate, but only for a short time, and this is normal.
The physiological causes of heart palpitations are as follows:
- heavy muscle work or stress;
- alcohol and drug use;
- problems with sleep;
- stressful condition;
- overeating (especially before bedtime);
- features of age.
Tachycardia in these cases does not need to be treated. This is a temporary phenomenon caused by the need for the body to adapt to the situation. But it’s worth taking action, and you need to try not to cause deterioration.
There are a lot of pathological reasons that can cause an increase in rhythm. The most common of these are:
- problems with the thyroid gland;
- vascular dystonia;
- cardiosclerosis, myocarditis, rheumatism;
- pathology in the organs of the cardiovascular system;
- problems with the respiratory system.
If there are no such health problems, but still the question arises, why is the pulse high even with normal pressure, the cause may be infection (bronchitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, urethritis, cystitis, cholecystitis and others).
Heart palpitations are considered normal with high blood pressure. In this case, it is caused by hypertension. To calm a high pulse, you need to lower the pressure, then the heart rate will also become normal.
But if this condition is accompanied by shortness of breath and dizziness, then, most likely, the cause of the frequent pulse is disturbances in the endocrine system, coronary heart disease, or even cancer.
That is why, with a pulse rate of more than 100 beats with normal blood pressure, it is immediately worth examining in a hospital.
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In the morning
The pulse of a healthy person in the morning should always be normal. An increased pulse after a night’s sleep and rest indicates problems with the heart and blood vessels (for example, myocarditis, coronary artery disease).
Tachycardia can occur not only with increased, but also if the blood pressure is low (with hypotension). If their treatment is done on time, then other health problems can be avoided.
Due to fatigue for the whole day, the heartbeat in the evening is usually faster. This means that the body needs to rest.
Eating and physical activity in the evening also contribute to this. If this happens only in the evening, then nothing needs to be done.
This is considered normal. True, control of food and the level of physical activity is still necessary.
Since physical exercises and active sports affect the heart rate, an untrained person should be careful and increase the load gradually.
In this case, it is advisable to monitor the heart rate so that the pulse remains within the limits allowed for this type of load rate.
These values are calculated individually for each, taking into account the age and heart rate of a person at rest.
If, during sports, your pulse rises above 101 beats, it means that an extra load has been put on the heart, and it is time to give it a little rest.
Eating does not always affect the pulse, but the use of high-calorie foods contributes to its increase, as the body begins to work hard to digest heavy foods.
The same thing happens when eating fatty and spicy foods. Alcohol causes an increase in pressure, which leads to an increase in heart rate.
And if a person already suffers from hypertension, then drinking alcohol can cause a worsening of the condition.
During pregnancy, a woman’s body works for two. The volume of blood increases, and the heart has to work in an enhanced mode to provide nutrition and oxygen not only to the mother, but also to the baby.
For this reason, during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester, a woman often has tachycardia. This is a physiological phenomenon, and after giving birth, the pulse normalizes itself.
Experiencing joy or frustration, a person’s heart rate quickens and then quickly returns to normal. But if you experience stress all the time, tachycardia can become constant (with a frequency of more than 100 beats per minute).
This happens with responsible and nervous work, poor relationships in the team or because of frequent quarrels in the family.
In this case, you need to contact a specialist so that he selects drugs to strengthen the nervous system and suitable sedatives in a particular case.
If the pulse is frequent, not only at high pressure, but also at normal blood pressure, this indicates the presence of any disease in a person.
Most often, these can be such chronic diseases:
- Neuroses are protracted psychogenic disorders.
- Disorders of the thyroid gland (excessive or, conversely, insufficient secretion of hormones, adrenal tumors, etc.).
- Low hemoglobin. With a lack of iron in the blood, anemia develops. This is a condition when oxygen is poorly supplied to organs and tissues. In this situation, the heart tries to pump blood faster, and there is tachycardia.
- Osteochondrosis is a complex disorder in the vertebral discs that leads to constriction of blood vessels and impaired blood circulation (as a result, an increased pulse).
- Diseases of the heart and blood vessels, which include ischemia, heart failure, atherosclerosis, myocarditis, hypertension and other heart problems, also cause tachycardia.
That is why you need to be attentive to your body and, if your heart rate is elevated in a calm state, consult a specialist to resolve health problems as soon as possible.
It also happens that at high pressure, the heart rate is low. This also indicates serious health problems. You should not expect that the heart rate will become higher after a while.
Something urgently needs to be done with this (examined by a specialist).
If the pulse remains normal, and the pressure is high, then in this case it is necessary to take measures to normalize the pressure.
The rate of heart rate depends on the age group of patients.
- In children and adolescents, palpitations of 100 beats per minute and higher are considered normal due to the active growth of organs, and in particular the heart muscle, and often due to an overactive lifestyle.
- In adult patients, the normal heart rate is 60-80 beats per minute.
- In women, tachycardia associated with hormonal changes in the body is observed.
When determining the heart rate, in addition to age, the weight and lifestyle of the patient should be considered.
It is known that there are a huge number of factors, which increases the heart rate without changing blood pressure.
In some cases, tachycardia is caused by physiological factors that contribute to a short-term increase in heart rate, which stops on its own after the cessation of provoking factors, and sometimes an increased heart rate can be triggered by pathological changes in the body and in this case tachycardia becomes regular.
The reasons that cause a temporary increase in heart rate include:
- physical and psycho-emotional overload of the body;
- being in a rarefied atmosphere characteristic of highlands and air travel;
- increased temperature and humidity of the environment, as well as a change in climatic zones;
- the use of energy drinks, hard-brewed black tea and caffeinated drinks;
- bad habits, such as excessive drinking and smoking;
- fever for any reason.
Pathological causes of tachycardia include:
- chronic and acute diseases of the organs of the cardiovascular system;
- hormonal disorders;
- consistently low or high blood pressure;
- change in blood volume and viscosity;
- poisoning the body of various etiologies;
- chronic mental illness and other diseases of the nervous system;
- exacerbation of respiratory diseases and prolonged patient stay in a low-ventilated room.
The increased heart rate occurs during any physical exertion, hard mental work or during a period of emotional instability (both positive and negative). Therefore, to take readings of the heart, you must be in a completely relaxed state, in a quiet environment, without external irritants.
The best time for self-monitoring is the morning hours – 30 minutes after waking up, before breakfast. During this period, the body only begins to enter the active stage, so the pulse will reflect the actual work of the heart without distortion by natural processes. If in a calm state the heart rate will be stably above 90 beats per minute (cumulative data for at least 7 days of monitoring), then it makes sense to worry.
High pulse causes not related to the cardiovascular system:
- endocrine disorders;
- vascular insufficiency;
- renal colic;
- infectious and inflammatory diseases;
High pulse causes natural (external) origin. The pulse can increase for a short time, and when the adverse factors are eliminated, the condition stabilizes or does not contradict the individual norm:
- physical activity – with any, even minor movements, the pulse rate increases;
- emotional stress – anxiety, irritation, tears, joy and flushes of happiness cause an increased heartbeat;
- congenital features – the anatomical structure of the body affects all life processes, the cause may be a genetic pathology or anomaly of internal organs;
- ambient temperature – the warmer the air and the higher the humidity, the more often the heart beats, pumping blood. By the beach season, the pulse of all people becomes large (by 5-8 beats);
- total body weight. Obesity, however, like dystrophy, does not affect the work of the cardiovascular system in the best way. As soon as the weight comes to physiological norm, the bullets stabilize;
- bad habits. Smoking, alcohol, drugs increase the heart rate to a critical state.
The multiple causes that can affect high heart rates make difficult diagnosis. So that an increased heart rate does not become a sentence, you should carefully consider the signals of your own body and not ignore important symptoms.
Heart rate is normal, high pressure
The danger of an increased heart rate lies in its asymptomatic nature (in many cases). Changes can be noticed only after a targeted check of the pulse or measurement of blood pressure, which is not characteristic of all people. And only as tachycardia progresses, does the patient notice the appearance of the first symptoms:
- weakness, fatigue;
- rapid breathing;
- dizziness, fainting;
- sensation of a heartbeat in the throat, ears.
If a strong heart rate rises to critical (for an adult, healthy person) 200 beats per minute (or higher), a heartbeat in the chest, even a sound, can be physically felt. Loss of consciousness occurs at a heartbeat frequency of 210 or higher.
Some forms of arrhythmia are characterized by sudden increased heart rate, for no apparent reason, and the same return to normal. For example, when the cause of a frequent pulse (above 90-100 beats. Min.) Becomes atrial fibrillation, such a symptom is included in the clinical picture of the disease. If during such jumps a person feels pain and tingling in the chest, this is a clear sign of negative processes in the heart, which requires urgent investigation.
Steady very high pulse – what to do in this case? Rapid heart rate and quite normal blood pressure are a frequent occurrence in patients with tachycardia. These values are not always related and dependent on each other. But the absence of signs of hypertension is not an indicator of health, but a disguise of the serious symptoms associated with heart disease.
Only a cardiologist can determine the presence or absence of a problem. There is only one conclusion: if frequent episodes of heart contractions are observed, while discomfort, dizziness, numbness of the limbs are felt, an examination should be made for the presence of cardiac pathologies. If the results turn out to be negative, continue to clarify the causes of the anomalous state in other planes.
With regular episodes of heart palpitations, a full examination should be completed, including laboratory blood tests for biochemistry and hormonal levels. A complete list of studies of the work of the heart muscle includes:
- ultrasound and x-ray examination of internal organs.
A continuous daily electrocardiographic study using the Holter technique is also recommended.
At the first visit to the clinic, a conversation is held with the patient, which will help to draw up a reliable history. A short questionnaire is aimed at elucidating the lifestyle, social status, occupation and the presence of cardiovascular pathologies in the immediate family. Thus, a primary relationship is established between a constantly elevated heartbeat and possible diseases that are conditionally incorporated into the patient’s genetics.
The determination of the pulse rate is included in the compilation of the clinical picture. To do this, the doctor will ask you to perform several exercises (stress check) or, conversely, sit for 20 minutes in complete rest. If blood pressure does not increase with a high pulse, the situation is prognostically favorable. With a combination of hypertension with a rapid pulse – less benign.
Inspection Examination of the patient may indicate other systemic diseases associated with the thyroid gland or other organs. Edema of various severity is sometimes determined. Particular attention is paid to the color of the skin, which in pathological conditions can become pale or cyanotic.
Electrocardiogram. A standard ECG is a key method for studying patients with a rapid pulse. The ECG provides maximum information when performing during an attack (for example, when the heartbeat and pressure increase), as this can help identify the root cause of the disorder, especially if it is associated with cardiac pathology.
ECG monitoring. Often a large pulse is not constant, but intermittent, which does not allow you to remove the ECG during an attack. When monitoring an ECG, the patient carries with him a special device that records all changes in cardiac activity. This allows you to “catch” a violation of the pulse and heart rate (above normal), and then characterize it with a subsequent diagnosis. Monitoring can be carried out for 1 day, several days, several weeks or even longer if the device is implanted.
Laboratory research. Basic blood tests are taken to rule out anemia or a lack of electrolytes. Thyroid function tests may be performed, or tests may be performed on other biomarkers, all that affect a large pulse, above 90 beats per minute.
Echocardiography. This is an ultrasound scan of the heart, which helps to examine the structure and function of the heart, to establish the causes that increase heart rate. It is often used to assess the performance of valves and to elucidate other parameters of the heart and its large vessels.
Electrophysiological study. If using the above diagnostic methods it was not possible to make an accurate diagnosis, then an invasive study in the form of EFI is used. With its help, the presence and nature of cardiac abnormalities is fairly accurately established.
To begin treatment, the doctor must identify the cause of the heartbeat. To do this, during a conversation with the patient, he will collect an anamnesis and ask about the symptoms.
Be sure, regardless of the cause of treatment, the measurement of blood pressure, heart rate and body temperature.
For a more accurate diagnosis, the following tests and examinations can be prescribed:
- general and biochemical blood test;
- blood test for hormones;
- Analysis of urine;
- daily monitoring of ECG;
- Brain EEG;
- Ultrasound of the thyroid gland;
- MRI of the heart.
You may also need consultations of narrow specialists: cardiologist, endocrinologist, neurologist and psychotherapist. After diagnosis, treatment is prescribed.
What symptoms bother you?
The following symptoms are characteristic of an attack of tachycardia:
- the appearance of unreasonable anxiety and fears;
- a feeling of lack of air, accompanied by shortness of breath;
- pain and a feeling of heaviness in the sternum;
- loss of orientation in space, accompanied by dizziness;
- profuse discharge of cold sweat;
- with prolonged tachycardia, partial numbness of the limbs is possible;
- general weakness and chronic fatigue;
- decreased appetite.
In cases of manifestation of negative symptoms, emergency measures should be taken to reduce the heart rate.
One of the main symptoms of heart failure is nausea.
If the pulse of a woman or man sharply increases, the first signs of a violation are headache, severe dizziness, and nausea. If you do not lower your heart rate in a timely manner, shortness of breath appears, there is pain or discomfort in the left half of the chest, general malaise, weakness, sweating, hearing and vision impairment, loss of consciousness.
First aid: what to do?
If a tachycardia attack occurs suddenly, for example, at night, while it is clear that the condition of the victim is deteriorating, an ambulance must be called urgently. Prior to the arrival of the ambulance, it is important to try to help the patient, and at the same time not to harm. The first aid algorithm is as follows:
- Release upper body from tight clothing.
- Provide fresh air to the room.
- Place the injured person in a half-sitting position so that the head is raised.
- Give a glass of cool water to drink, wash and apply a cold compress to your forehead.
- Deep and slow breathing will help to slow down the pulse, pressing the fingers on the eyeballs also helps to normalize the heartbeat.
- If the victim experiences a sense of anxiety and fear, it is recommended to take tincture of valerian. You can also take a medicine prescribed by your doctor for tachycardia, which should always be at hand for a person suffering from this ailment. At this stage, the provision of first aid is completed. It is not worthwhile to do anything outsiders without a medical education, since even with the slightest improper movement you can provoke complications. You need to wait for the arrival of a doctor who decides what to do next and whether hospitalization is required.
If a person’s heart rate sharply increases to 100 or more beats per minute, while blood pressure remains normal, he urgently needs first aid to avoid deterioration.
Here’s what you need to do when doing this:
- save a person from tight clothes;
- provide more fresh air;
- lay on the bed, substituting a roller under the head (legs should be raised above the level of the head);
- inhale and exhale deeply (this helps calm the heartbeat);
- drink warm green tea with milk;
- make a light massage of the neck and little fingers.
Additionally, you can try these methods:
- apply a chilled compress to your forehead;
- lie face down on the floor;
- apply pressure on closed eyes (lightly) for 30 seconds.
At home, in order to independently reduce the pulse, you can drink tea with lemon balm and mint. The fruits of hawthorn and rose hips also favorably affect the work of the heart.
Medicines with herbal extracts, which have a calming effect, as well as drugs that improve blood circulation and the flow of oxygen to the heart, help a lot.
If after the above measures you still can’t calm the pulse and improve well-being, you need to call a doctor. He may prescribe anti-arrhythmia medications.
Beta-blockers and tranquilizers should be taken carefully and only under the supervision of a specialist, as they can drastically lower blood pressure and pulse.
It’s better to keep the situation under control and not start it, preventive measures will help here.
Do not give the body excessive loads, in case of frustration and stress, drink sedatives, do not smoke or drink alcohol.
You should adhere to the rules of a healthy balanced diet, use salt no more than 5 grams per day, eat more vegetables and fruits (especially foods containing iron, calcium and potassium).
These include dried fruits, nuts, green apples, spinach, beans, buckwheat, liver and meat. Drink two liters of water per day and be sure to take a walk in the fresh air. Sleep should be at least eight hours.
In cases of tachycardia, you should call for medical help, and before its arrival take measures to alleviate your condition.
- If the pulse is more than 100 beats per minute, then you need to distract from negative thoughts and take a sedative, for example, tincture of valerian.
- Ventilate the room. Wash with cool water and apply a cold compress to the sternum.
- Try to even out breathing with slight delays in inspiration.
- Also, before the arrival of medical care, you should take a half-sitting position.
- Partial reduction in accelerated heart contractions allows point pressing on closed eyeballs for several minutes.
With increased heart rate, it is important to carefully analyze the situation. First, is this manifestation caused by any of the above time factors. If this is not the case, you should measure the pressure. High blood pressure is often accompanied by an increased heart rate. If the pressure is normal and all the factors associated with the failure are excluded, more serious reasons should be considered.
To start, take a deep breath and try to calm down. Sit down, drink a glass of water. After approximately 15 minutes, re-measure. If he returned to normal, then there is nothing to worry about.
If a high pulse is maintained, but your well-being is quite normal, you can take sedative drops (for example, motherwort, corvalol, etc.) and lie down. Open the window and focus on deep, even breathing. Just in case, measure the pressure (if there is a tonometer): perhaps the whole thing is to increase it.
If, in addition to a high pulse, there are symptoms like fever, pain in the abdominal cavity or region of the heart, dizziness, etc., an ambulance must be called urgently. Wait for her arrival lying on the bed, do not take any drugs on your own.
Try a few exercises that should help lower your heart rate:
- take a deep breath, exhale with tension (cough when exiting);
- gently knead the lateral parts of the neck where large arteries are located;
- lightly press on the hole located on the ins >
From the above we can draw the following conclusions:
- The heart rate can increase during physical labor, playing sports or in the event of emotional situations (after some time, tachycardia, caused for these reasons, goes away by itself).
- If the pulse rises and in a calm state (and this persists for a long time), then such a malaise indicates a person has any health problems. Especially it is necessary to consult a specialist with a rapid heartbeat with normal blood pressure.
- It is not tachycardia that needs to be treated, but the disease due to which it appeared. Finding out the reason why heart rate is increasing should be the main task to get rid of this unpleasant condition. The success of recovery depends on the correctness of the diagnosis and timely treatment to the doctor.
In no case should you expect that the causeless constant tachycardia will pass on its own over time. Moreover, you can not self-medicate. Diseases can be dangerous. It is better not to waste time and entrust your health to professionals.
What are the causes of tachycardia?
- myocardial dystrophy;
- swelling or heart disease;
- hypertension or hypotension.
Atropine has good therapeutic properties.
After a full-fledged diagnostic study and clarification of the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a medication regimen with which the heart rate will return to normal. To stabilize the pulse, it is recommended to take such drugs:
- Antiarrhythmic blockers:
- Synthetic sedatives:
- Preparations on a natural basis:
- Novo Passit.
- To get rid of tachycardia attacks, the doctor prescribes sedatives based on natural components, for example: Persen, Tenoten and other herbal tinctures, or preparations based on potassium and sodium bromides, as well as other synthetic components.
Medicines should be taken at the dosage recommended by the doctor. In some cases, it is necessary to take drugs that prevent the manifestations of arrhythmias, such as Panangin or Atropine.
With concomitant heart palpitations, hypertension, drugs from the group of beta-blockers, for example, Bisoprolol, are prescribed.
In addition to drugs in the fight against heart palpitations, drugs from the arsenal of traditional medicine, which are not difficult to manufacture, are very helpful.
- The most common component for the preparation of tachycardia is considered hawthorn. As a rule, a decoction of dried flowers of a plant is prepared at the rate of 30 g. per liter of liquid and take 2-3 times a day either.
- Another effective recipe is a mixture of honey, lemon and garlic juices at the rate of ten lemons and heads of garlic per liter of honey. The resulting product should be insisted for a week in a dark place. Take two tablespoons daily.
- Both as a therapeutic drug and as a prophylactic agent, the introduction of blackcurrant-based dishes into the diet is recommended. In addition to lowering the heart rhythm, it has general strengthening and immunomodulating properties due to the high content of trace elements and vitamins.
To ensure that the pulse is always within the comfortable norm (no higher, no lower), cardiologists recommend adhering to simple but effective rules:
- refuse caffeinated drinks. Coffee in the morning, and then during the day, stimulates the heart rhythm no worse than a good run;
- limit the use of alcoholic beverages, and if there is an addiction, to undergo a full rehabilitation course – this will significantly increase the quality and duration of life;
- review food in favor of healthy food and strictly eating. Refuse snacks before bedtime;
- to ensure adequate physical activity and daily stay in the fresh air;
- learn to approach stressful and conflict situations aloof, without perceiving them as insoluble problems;
- organize the optimal work-rest ratio.
Of course, long-term habits are difficult to eradicate. But, turning to relatives or professional doctors for help, you can completely change your life in a month. This will affect not only the pulse, but also the worldview, radically replacing the concepts with better ones.
- To prevent episodes of tachycardia, it is recommended to avoid provocative situations and follow simple rules consisting in proper rest and the absence of overstrain, both physical and emotional.
- It is recommended to follow a certain diet, including the rejection of caffeinated drinks, salty and fatty foods, while giving preference to food of plant origin.
- You should completely abandon bad habits and do physical exercises, combined with a long stay in the fresh air.
With single and short-term episodes of tachycardia against a background of normal blood pressure, there is no reason for concern. But with regular attacks, you should go for an examination. With the accurate and timely implementation of all the recommendations of a specialist and the rules of prevention, attacks of rapid heartbeat will not be repeated.
In order to avoid the appearance of a high pulse, you need to follow a few simple rules.
- Make sure your work schedule includes regular outdoor walks.
- Try to consume at least 1,5 liters of water per day.
- Remember to moderate physical activity (but do not overload the body).
- Periodically arrange yourself at least half an hour of relaxation. Meditate, practice breathing practices.
- Listen to your favorite music more often, devote at least a couple of hours a day to creativity or your favorite hobby.
Try to take care of your health (both physical and mental), avoid stressful situations whenever possible. Love yourself and be healthy!