Presses the heart possible diseases diagnosis what to do

Compressive pain in the heart is a sign of angina pectoris. The pain appears during narrowing of the main vessels of the organ, when its muscle needs oxygen. In this condition, compressive, pressing and pulling pains sharply arise in the left side or in the middle of the chest. The latter develop much less frequently than other types of pain.

With angina pectoris, pain is most often felt in the area of ​​the projection of the heart – in the left half of the chest. Also, pain can be given to the left arm, to the shoulder and shoulder blades, left half of the neck and lower jaw. But it also happens that the pain radiates to the right half of the chest, shoulder, shoulder blade, etc. – these are also symptoms of angina pectoris.

The sensation of pain most often lasts for 15-29 seconds and can reach 10 minutes. In this case, the discomfort disappears as suddenly as it appears. The causes of symptoms of coronary disease can be different: severe physical exertion, psycho-emotional stress, prolonged depression, etc. In the case of signs of angina pectoris, the pain that occurs with heavy physical exertion is removed by cessation of stress.

It is much more difficult to deal with an attack of angina pectoris due to psycho-emotional overstrain. It is not easy to calm down a strong excitement, and in general irritation and a feeling of anger cannot be stopped abruptly. In cases of emotional stress, an attack of angina pectoris will last longer, and it will be more difficult to improve the patient’s condition.

To this question, cardiologists often can give only a few answers related to the heart (angina pectoris or myocardial infarction).

The initial cause of these diseases can be an incorrect blood flow in the body, which causes coronary heart disease.

This disease manifests itself directly in the form of angina pectoris or a state of heart attack. The heart muscle requires a regulated flow of blood enriched in oxygen and other nutritional compounds. If the vessels of the heart have the fact of narrowing or contraction, then the muscle responds with pain. A similar pain syndrome is the basis for angina pectoris. In the case of a long process of such sensations, the action can go into myocardial infarction.

With the course of angina pectoris, pain progresses in the thoracic region. The disease can progress to pain in the upper limbs, cervical spine. Some patients may experience a lack of sensitivity in the upper limbs. The duration of the pain syndrome is 5-7 minutes.

If the pain intensifies intolerance, other symptoms appear in the form of suffocation, pallor, excessive sweating, then this is a sign of a pre-infarction condition. In this case, the patient should be given first aid.

  • Patients characterize the pressing pains in the heart area as a feeling of compression in the left half of the chest. This symptom occurs suddenly with physical or emotional stress, or for no apparent reason.
  • Pressure has a short-term nature, not more than half an hour.
  • The intensity can be different – from mild to severe so that the patient is forced to not move and hold his breath.
  • A symptom of a fist is characteristic – the patient can approximately describe the area in which he experiences pressing pain, pressing his fist to his chest.
  • The pain is stopped by the termination of the load, the use of sedatives or nitrates.

We also suggest that you read our article on what angina pectoris is.

  • Pain in the heart rarely occurs on its own, they are usually accompanied by other symptoms. As a rule, they arise due to hemodynamic disturbances.
  • Fear of death is a very characteristic symptom that almost always accompanies pain in the heart. It is associated with the crucial importance of heart function for the body, and the resulting emotional reaction to heart pain.
  • Shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air appear in connection with a violation of blood circulation in the pulmonary circulation. As a rule, congestion develops in it, which can lead to pulmonary edema. This is a dangerous condition that disrupts gas exchange, manifests itself in a bluish tint of the skin, shortness of breath, cough with sputum, in severe cases – the release of foam from the lungs.
  • Other symptoms associated with pressure on the head and heart – general weakness, feeling tired headache, tinnitus and flies in front of the eyes are associated with impaired hemodynamics.

Pressing pain in the heart occurs against the background of a low oxygen content in the heart muscle, as well as physical or emotional stress, or for no apparent reason.

With pressing pain combined:

  • headache;
  • numbness of limbs;
  • feeling of squeezing the left half of the chest and lack of air;
  • the fear of death escalates.

The intensity of pain pressure ranges from mild to severe so that the patient is forced to hold his breath. Compressive pain has a short-term nature, lasts no more than 30 minutes, stops after removing the load, taking medications.

If the pain does not subside after this time, it is necessary to call “emergency care”. This symptom indicates a beginning myocardial infarction. While waiting for the doctors, the patient is recommended complete rest, it is forbidden to move and talk.

Diagnosis of cardiac problems is complicated by the fact that the patient gives a very brief description of the discomfort. If neurosis became the reason for going to the doctor, then the descriptions of the symptoms are extremely colorful. Meanwhile, heartaches are often accompanied by:

  • dizziness (occur for a while or torment a person constantly);
  • increased heart rate;
  • uneven rhythm of contractions of the heart muscle;
  • dyspnea;
  • discomfort in the left hand, jaw, back;
  • fainting;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • fainting;
  • pallor, bluish tint of lips, skin and nail plates.

Many do not associate these symptoms with sensations in the heart. However, it is a combination of these signs with pressing pain that can become evidence of cardiological disorders. Do not write off your condition on the weather or other factors.

With the occurrence of pressing pains in the region of the heart, it is impossible to exclude even the worst – a heart attack, as it is often masked as other diseases. It is best to give yourself first aid in case of discomfort and call a doctor.

There are several diseases that are manifested by a feeling of pressure on the heart.

  1. Angina pectoris;
  2. Myocardial infarction;
  3. Cardioneurosis;
  4. Myocarditis.
  • Pressing heart pain
    with his diseases, shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air, fear of death, anxiety and other unpleasant sensations are often accompanied.
  • The patient may feel
    much worse than his condition in fact, or, conversely, feel relatively good with severe myocardial damage.
  • With angina pectoris and heart attack
    myocardial pain is pressing, constricting or stitching, accompanied by shortness of breath, fear of death, and other symptoms.
    Pain duration
    (longer than half an hour) is considered the first differential diagnostic sign of a heart attack, which distinguishes it from an attack of angina pectoris. The intensity of the pain is in no way related to the severity of the condition.
  • Cardioneurosis
    it has a different nature, but symptoms similar to angina pectoris – pressing pain, shortness of breath, fear. It can be difficult to distinguish cardioneurosis from angina pectoris and even heart attack. Moreover, the presence of both of these diseases at the same time is possible.
    Concomitant symptoms
    may not give a clear picture, and the nature of the pain does not depend on which of the two diseases it is caused. An attack of cardioneurosis is well stopped by sedatives.
  • Myocarditis
    – myocardial inflammation, is either infectious or toxic in nature. A distinctive feature of pain in this disease is that it is present almost constantly. The intensity of the pain may vary throughout the day. Concomitant symptoms may be absent in chronic myocarditis.
    Acute myocarditis
    manifested by an increase in body temperature, a sharp weakness with any physical exertion, constant pain in the heart of a different nature.
  • Heartache
    rarely occur on their own, they are usually accompanied by other symptoms. As a rule, they arise due to hemodynamic disturbances.
  • Fear of death
    – A very characteristic symptom that almost always accompanies pain in the heart. It is associated with the crucial importance of heart function for the body, and the resulting emotional reaction to heart pain.
  • Shortness of breath, feeling of lack of air
    appear in connection with a violation of blood circulation in the pulmonary circulation. As a rule, congestion develops in it, which can lead to pulmonary edema. This is a dangerous condition that disrupts gas exchange, manifests itself in a bluish tint of the skin, shortness of breath, cough with sputum, in severe cases – the release of foam from the lungs.
  • Other symptoms
    associated with the fact that it presses the head and heart – general weakness, a feeling of tiredness, headache, tinnitus and flies in front of the eyes are associated with impaired hemodynamics.

It belongs to the diseases of this group. Compressive pain in the heart, unbearable, giving to the arm, appearing with emotional or physical stress and disappearing in a state of calm – these are signs.

Angina is distinguished by a pain syndrome, the cause of which is an insufficient supply of myocardial blood. Pain is characteristic, pressing, cyclic, in the form of seizures with clearly defined gaps.

The attack is provoked by stress – nervous or physical, quickly, within a couple of minutes passes, if you stop the movement. To relieve the condition, nitroglycerin is given – the symptom disappears after 1-2 minutes.

  • stable angina pectoris (tension), which can occur during exertion;
  • unstable.

A small angina pectoris (the so-called stable) can occur during physical exertion, the pain stops after resting. “Unstable” angina pectoris leads to severe and unpredictable pains that do not go away completely even at rest, attacks become more frequent and stronger.

During an attack, a person tends to lie or sit still, being afraid to cause a recurrence of pain.
With a duration of an attack of angina pectoris for more than 30 minutes, one can suspect. For timely assistance, call a doctor.

Varieties and consequences of coronary insufficiency

With angina pectoris, arterial blood flow is not completely disturbed, the vessels are partially blocked, there is no threat to heart damage. Medical assistance consists in restoring blood flow through the vessels, eliminating blood clots in the heart, and restoring the normal rhythm of its work.

What heart diseases are suspected

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Myocardial infarction

The most frightening diagnosis for a person who has felt pain in the heart is myocardial infarction. It represents the necrosis of living body tissues as a result of an acute deficiency of oxygen and nutrients. This condition develops due to impaired blood flow due to blockage of the vessel. For a heart attack, a short pause is enough.

  • pressing palpable pain and burning in the chest;
  • it becomes difficult to breathe;
  • plentiful secretion of sticky cold sweat;
  • the pain is localized not only on the left side, but also in the center of the chest;
  • soreness is transmitted to the region of the lower jaw, as well as the neck, shoulders, back or left arm;
  • dizzy;
  • the rhythm of the heart goes astray (or becomes frequent);
  • the face acquires a bluish tint;
  • a person feels a panicky fear of death.

This condition can last from a few minutes to a couple of hours, depending on the time of arrival of the ambulance crew. Nitroglycerin tablets do not work. Myocarditis is a disease in which the inflammatory process affects the myocardium. Called by infectious agents in the form of bacteria, viruses, fungi. In this case, a heart ache can be different. More often there are aching, cutting, stitching or squeezing sensations. There are other signs of pathology:

  • frequent heart contractions;
  • high body temperature;
  • lack of air;
  • bouts of weakness;
  • feeling tired after a light load;
  • feeling of “sinking in the heart.”

The pain of a pressing nature with myocarditis is paroxysmal, it bothers several times a day. “Nitroglycerin” does not alleviate the condition.

Heart defects

Heart disease can be a cause of pain. Both congenital and acquired. In the initial phase of the anomaly, the heart does its job, especially at moderate loads (compensation stage). Then comes the stage at which the organ cannot function normally during physical activity, the initial signs of the disease appear (stage of subcompensation).

  • tachycardia;
  • dizziness;
  • swelling of the lower extremities;
  • difficulty breathing at the slightest exertion;
  • fainting conditions are possible;
  • in the region of the heart, compression and bursting are felt;
  • redness of the skin;
  • hoarseness when breathing.

Pathologies of this kind can have similar symptoms with other heart diseases, so only a doctor will make the correct diagnosis.

Angina pectoris

This condition often appears in old age. It occurs due to a sharp decrease in the oxygen supply of the myocardium due to spasm. Pressing pains in the heart area with angina pectoris begin suddenly, provoking factors can be excitement and stress, physical activity (even walking). The attack will end when the person rests and calms down. Quickly alleviate the condition will help “Nitroglycerin.” Other signs of angina pectoris:

  • pain penetrates the left arm or under the shoulder blade, into the lower jaw or neck;
  • blood pressure rises;
  • a symptom similar to heartburn appears, fever is felt in the chest.

Attacks are usually short-lived.

Pericarditis

Pericarditis is an inflammation of the outer lining of the heart of an infectious origin. Pressing pains that are long lasting are one of the main signs of pathology. Additional symptoms of the disease:

  • prostration;
  • temperature increase;
  • non-standard localization of pain – on the right;
  • bouts of dry bloody cough.

Compressive pain in the chest with pericarditis does not go away after the Nitroglycerin tablet. Relief of the condition occurs when the body position changes: you need to sit down and bend forward.

Myocardiostrophy

This may include a whole group of cardiological pathologies, which are based on a violation of metabolic processes inside the heart muscle. At first, there are barely noticeable, dull, pressing pains in the heart. Over time, they intensify and become quite noticeable.

Myocardial infarction

The most frightening diagnosis for a person who has felt pain in the heart is myocardial infarction. It represents the necrosis of living body tissues as a result of an acute deficiency of oxygen and nutrients. This condition develops due to impaired blood flow due to blockage of the vessel. For a heart attack, a short pause is enough. A dead organ site ceases to fulfill its function. The more important it is, the more severe the consequences will be.

This condition can last from a few minutes to a couple of hours, depending on the time of arrival of the ambulance crew. Nitroglycerin tablets do not work.

Myocarditis

Myocarditis is a disease in which the inflammatory process affects the myocardium. Called by infectious agents in the form of bacteria, viruses, fungi. In this case, a heart ache can be different. More often there are aching, cutting, stitching or squeezing sensations.

Heart defects

Heart disease can be a cause of pain. Both congenital and acquired.

In the initial phase of the anomaly, the heart copes with its work, especially at moderate loads (compensation stage). Then comes the stage at which the organ cannot function normally during physical activity, the initial signs of the disease appear (stage of subcompensation). This is followed by the most dangerous period when discomfort and symptoms occur regularly as part of habitual life. In this phase (decompensation), pressing pain can appear even in a dream.

Myocardiostrophy

This may include a whole group of cardiological pathologies, which are based on a violation of metabolic processes inside the heart muscle. At first, there are barely noticeable, dull, pressing pains in the heart. Over time, they intensify and become quite noticeable.

Angina pectoris

Compressive pain in the heart may indicate angina pectoris. It is caused by insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle. The pain in angina pectoris is paroxysmal in nature and is not constant. It occurs suddenly, usually during physical exertion (brisk walking, running, weight lifting) or emotional upheaval.

The patient complains of constricting pain in the heart, giving into the arm, shoulder blade, neck, lower jaw. Sometimes there is a burning sensation in the chest, as with heartburn. As a rule, during an attack of angina pectoris, blood pressure rises. The pain disappears if a person rests, calms down, or takes a nitroglycerin tablet.

An attack of angina pectoris occurs after a quick walk, physical exertion, nervous stress, and heavy meals. The pain center is located in the sternum. The nature of the pain is burning, pressing. Pain radiates to the area between the shoulder blades, left shoulder or left jaw.

What to do if the heart aches and the pressing pain does not pass for several minutes? It is recommended to use nitroglycerin. In pharmacies, you can buy a drug of different forms of release:

  • in tablets, one tablet 0,5 mg nitroglycerin;
  • 1% alcohol solution of nitroglycerin;
  • 1% oil solution of nitroglycerin in capsules (0,5 mg, 1 mg).

The tablet should not be swallowed, but put in the mouth, crushing it with the tongue. After a minute, it will completely dissolve, the medicine will enter the blood through the mucous membrane of the mouth, and begin to act. If at hand were not tablets, but an oil or alcohol solution, drip three drops on a piece of sugar and dissolve it.

The medicine, dilates the vessels of the skin, muscles, abdominal organs, thereby reducing the heart load. Coronary artery spasms are relieved. Blood saturated with oxygen enters the myocardium. There is anesthesia.

Need to know! Hypersensitivity to the drug is possible. The first time to use only 0,5 tablets, if the solution – then 2 drops. In this case, it is worth checking the pressure and pulse.

What to do if suddenly pain in the heart? Take a series of actions:

  • Postpone all activities related to physical activity.
  • If possible, lie down if this is a public place – to sit down as conveniently as possible.
  • Only in a lying or sitting position take nitroglycerin. Taking the drug while lying or sitting will relieve possible syncope caused by a sharp drop in pressure.

To relieve a pain attack, it is allowed to take up to three tablets with an interval of 5 minutes. The effect of the drug lasts no more than 15 minutes. Six tablets – the daily norm, which is not worth exceeding.

These manifestations do not mean that you need to abandon the drug. You just need to reduce the dose. If you take the medicine, the angina attack should not last more than 15 minutes.

With a violation of the blood supply to the heart muscle, angina pectoris occurs. It is with her that it creates the feeling that something is pressing on the left side, in the chest area. The pain is not permanent, but occurs in bouts. They start at the moment:

  • intense physical exertion;
  • under stress;
  • increase in body temperature.

Angina pectoris can occur even in a healthy person. It is important to be able to distinguish between an attack of angina pectoris and a heart attack. With the latter, pain occurs even at rest or in a dream, and a violation of the blood supply to the heart occurs only with various overloads.

Sensations in the left hypochondrium with angina pectoris can be as follows:

  • oppressive;
  • compressive (feeling as if the heart has increased several times and there is not enough space for it);
  • similar to heartburn (it seems that inside the temperature has increased by several tens of degrees).

Often, angina is accompanied by a sharp change in blood pressure. The first aid in this condition is peace. The patient needs to lie so that his legs are below the level of the heart. Next, take a tablet of the drug “Nitroglycerin”. Be sure to consult a cardiologist for an examination. He will establish the exact cause of the pain. A person with diagnosed angina pectoris needs to avoid physical and emotional stress, as well as carry “Nitroglycerin” with him.

Compressive pain in the heart may well indicate the presence of a disease such as angina pectoris. Most often, this disease is a consequence of the fact that the level of blood supply to the heart muscles is insufficient. In this case, the pain is sharp and does not differ in duration. Appearing suddenly during physical exertion or with changes in the emotional state, it quickly passes.

In addition to pressing pain in the heart, the accompanying symptoms of angina pectoris are a feeling similar to heartburn that appears in the chest, and pain radiating to the arm, neck or shoulder blade and even to the lower jaw. By measuring the pressure during the next attack, you will notice that it is elevated. Nitroglycerin will help relieve pain. You can even not use medicines and get rid of pain, having a rest and having calmed down.

Causes of pressing heart pain

There are many diseases that provoke pain in the chest in the region of the heart, and they will have a pressing character. The main ones are:

    Myocardial infarction. The cause of the attack is associated with the formation of a blood clot in the blood vessels. It blocks the transport of blood through the arteries. With a heart attack, a person experiences very strong pressing, burning sensations behind the sternum and on its left s >Non-cardiac pain can also occur. For example, oppressive sensations are associated with factors that are not heart diseases.
    They are associated with other internal organs or arise due to frequent stresses. The reasons are as follows:

  1. Depressive state. Depression is associated with a person’s state when his mental balance is disturbed. In the future, this is poorly reflected in the quality of life of the patient. Depression can be a reaction of the body to various events or negative factors. In this case, pressing sensations in the chest will occur not only when the patient is panicking or experiencing, but also in a calm state. These sensations gradually spread along the left side of the chest, and then pass to the neck and shoulder girdle. There are tingling and prolonged nagging. Be sure to consult a neuropsychiatrist to avoid further serious consequences.
  2. Panic attacks. A person can succumb to bouts of severe panic and anxiety. Moreover, they can be triggered by various factors or occur for no reason. As a result, pain is felt in the chest. The person intensifies the intensity of sweat. The heart rate rises sharply. The reasons may be various malfunctions of the nervous system.
  3. Heartburn. Such an unpleasant phenomenon can also provoke pain in the lower chest area, but it will seem to a person that it hurts the heart. Heartburn occurs due to the reflux of contents from the stomach cavity into the esophagus. As a rule, discomfort occurs when a person lies or bends. They can also occur when a person eats. There are other signs that indicate heartburn: burning in the chest, severe belching with a pungent sour taste. Heartburn can torment a person for several hours.
  4. Pleurisy. This is another disease that can provoke the appearance of unpleasant pressing sensations in the chest area. The disease is characterized by inflammatory processes on the membranes that cover the lungs on their inner side. But pain is most often sharp. It intensifies when the patient inhales or coughs.
  5. Shingles. This disease is viral in nature. A person has a skin rash. Usually it is located in the area of ​​the ribs. The disease is provoked by the herpes virus. Most often appears already in old age. In the chest area there is pressing pain. The same applies to the face and all places where the virus comes into contact with nerve fibers. Body temperature rises.
  6. Titz syndrome. This is a disease in which inflammatory processes cover the cartilage between the ribs connecting them to the sternum. Painful sensations are similar to an attack of angina pectoris. They occur sharply, differ in their intensity. If you click on the area near the sternum or ribs, then the discomfort intensifies.

Only by finding out why the region of the heart muscle is in pain can treatment be given. It is worth considering that in folk medicine there are many recipes to reduce discomfort. In addition, pharmacy drugs often help reduce pain in the area of ​​the heart muscle. However, the uncontrolled use of such funds will not eliminate the cause, thereby worsening the situation.

So, heart pain most often occurs as a result of:

  • Angina pectoris. In this disease, pressing discomfort in the heart is accompanied by burning. Usually, pain occurs after physical exertion and concentrates in the central part of the sternum. One of the signs of pathology is lack of air. As a rule, painful sensations leave the area of ​​the heart muscle after taking Nitroglycerin;
  • Myocardial infarction. In this case, as a rule, the entire chest area suffers from painful sensations. Often the patient complains that the pain is giving to the shoulder. At the same time, shortness of breath manifests itself, a person clearly does not have enough air. Attacks of nausea and vomiting are noted, panic occurs due to fear of death. Unlike angina pectoris with myocardial infarction, Nitroglycerin does not resolve the discomfort;
  • Pulmonary disease. Optional pain in the area of ​​the heart speaks of heart disease. No less common are causes such as aortic dissection, pleurisy, pulmonary pulmonary disease, pneumothorax. In this case, discomfort is accompanied by symptoms such as coughing, respiratory failure, a sharp increase in blood pressure;
  • Thromboembolism. The pain is provoked by blockage of the vessel with a blood clot. As a result, the blood supply process is disrupted and the load on the heart muscle is significantly increased.
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It is worth noting that all these causes require immediate treatment. So, delaying treatment for angina pectoris inevitably leads to the development of myocardial infarction. In turn, failure to provide assistance with a heart attack is the cause of death.

Large artery thromboembolism can also lead to tragedy. No less dangerous are pulmonary diseases. Pneumothorax pain is caused by rupture of the pleural sac and profuse internal bleeding. Pulmonary pulmonary disease is accompanied by pain in the heart zone due to the expansion of the upper balloons. Lack of help provokes rupture of lung tissue.

It is worth noting that the lung tissue and pleura are practically devoid of irritating receptors. However, the pressure caused by the pathology irritates the receptors with which the heart region is saturated. That is why a person complains that he is pressing on the left side in the region of the heart.

Along with diseases that require immediate help and are fatal, there are pathologies that do not pose a direct threat to human life.

Not always, if presses on the left in the region of the heart, immediate medical attention is needed.

These pathologies include:

  • Intervertebral hernia. As you know, the chest is a kind of frame created from the ribs and spinal column. The rib area contains a significant number of nerve endings. The wear of the cartilaginous tissue that accompanies an intervertebral hernia often provokes pinching of the nerve root, which leads to painful sensations in the area of ​​the heart muscle. The pain, quite severe, causes difficulty in breathing, increases with movements. Often, a similar pressing pain in the region of the heart, lack of air by the patient himself is taken for angina pectoris;
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Similar sensations often provoke pathologies of the upper gastrointestinal tract. For example, soreness of the epigastric zone is sometimes explained by the presence of a stomach ulcer or necrotic changes in the structure of the esophagus. Reflux of this organ, pathology, accompanied by a request to the upper esophagus of hydrochloric acid from the stomach. In this case, the patient also feels that he is pressing in the area of ​​the heart and is breathing heavily. However, at the same time, 2 more characteristic symptoms are observed – severe heartburn and belching.
Heart disease:Diseases of the stomach and esophagus:Toxic effects:
  • ischemic disease (angina pectoris, rhythm disturbances, myocardial infarction, post-infarction)
  • endocarditis
  • pericarditis
  • myocardiopathy
  • myocardial dystrophy
  • secondary lesions in the presence of diabetes mellitus, uremia, hyperthyroidism
  • heart injuries
  • tumor
  • esophagitis
  • foreign bodies of the esophagus
  • stomach ulcer
  • tumor
  • esophageal stenosis
  • Mallory-Weiss syndrome
  • chemical burns of the esophagus and stomach
  • gastric bleeding, ulcer perforation.
  • medicines
  • alcohol
  • heart poisons
  • nicotine
  • drugs
Heart Overload:Pulmonary pathologies:Pathology of large vessels:
  • with arterial hypertension
  • volume with thyrotoxicosis
  • pressure in portal hypertension (e.g., with)
  • pneumonia
  • pleurisy
  • tuberculosis
  • silicosis
  • tumors of the lungs or large bronchi
  • aortic aneurysm, including its dissection
  • coarctation of the aorta
  • pulmonary thromboembolism
Mediastinal diseases:Lesions of the nerve trunks:Bone lesions:
  • mediastinitis
  • neoplasms
  • intercostal neuralgia
  • herpes zoster
  • fractures and fissures of ribs
  • pain with blood tumors
Muscle damage:Skin lesions:Pathology of the mammary glands:
  • mastopathy (gynecomastia in men)
  • benign tumors
  • This variant of pain can also occur in healthy people, for example, with excessive physical exertion, playing wind instruments that increase pressure in the pulmonary circulation.
  • With arterial hypertension, the heart has to pump blood against a pressure gradient, which impairs its blood supply and increases the load.
  • Thyrotoxicosis leads to increased heart rate and overloads the heart with volume.
  • Cardiac tamponade is the result of wounds and compression of the heart with blood. Also, the heart can squeeze the effusion with pericarditis of various origins (tuberculosis. Tumor).
  • With myocarditis of an infectious or allergic nature, non-intense pressing pains are accompanied by shortness of breath, rhythm disturbances, heart failure.
  • Myocardiopathy, myocardial dystrophy, cardiac neoplasms also give oppressive sensations without a clear connection with the load, prolonged or episodic.
  • Pressing pains behind the sternum mimic the foreign bodies of the esophagus or esophagitis.
  • Intoxications of various nature (medicinal, narcotic, alcoholic), as well as poisoning with organophosphorus substances, ether, chloroform, and neurotoxic plant poisons give pressure to the heart, are combined with arrhythmias and heart failure, and are fraught.
  • Purulent pathologies of soft tissues, mastopathy. will also give over pressure in the projection of the heart.
  • High ones also lead to a situation where pressing pain mimics cardiac pathologies.
  • there is only a high degree of neurotization
  • depression
  • anxiety disorder
  • often cardioneurosis develops in the framework of somatized depression.
  • urine and blood tests
  • chest x-ray
  • if necessary, bicycle ergometry, treadmill and ECHO-cardioscopy.
  1. First of all, it is necessary to stop physical activity.
  2. The patient needs to sit or lie down in a comfortable position, unfasten the collar, belt and other items of clothing that interfere with free breathing.
  3. He does not want to move, he needs to talk as little as possible.
  4. It is best if help is provided by someone close to you, since it is not advisable for the patient to take any active actions.
  5. From drugs, you can take nitroglycerin – no more than one tablet at a time.
  6. Sedatives, such as validol, corvalol and others, can and should be taken, they facilitate the patient’s condition.
  7. You can resume activity only after the pain stops.
  8. If the pain in the heart lasts more than half an hour, or the patient’s condition is severe, then this is a sign of myocardial infarction. In this case, you must call an ambulance as soon as possible. Restrictions on physical activity remain; the patient should maintain as much immobility as possible.
  9. You can take nitroglycerin in the amount of 3 tablets with an interval of about 20 minutes, sedatives will not be effective.
  10. In a serious condition of a patient with a suspected heart attack, he needs to be given a semi-sitting position, pressure bandages can be applied to the hips to reduce blood flow to the heart. When hoarse breathing or foam from the mouth appears, it is necessary to allow the patient to inhale alcohol vapor.
  • Causes of pressing pain in the heart
    • Heart pathology
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Lung pathology
    • The cause of pain behind the sternum may be an intervertebral hernia
    • Pathology of the upper gastrointestinal tract
  • Diagnosis for pressing chest pain

Heart pathology

  • The pressing pains in the heart with its diseases are often accompanied by shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air, fear of death, anxiety and other unpleasant sensations.
  • The patient may feel much worse than his condition actually, or, conversely, feel relatively good with severe myocardial damage.
  • With angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, the pain is pressing, constricting or stitching, accompanied by shortness of breath, fear of death, and other symptoms.

The duration of pain (longer than half an hour) is considered the first differential diagnostic sign of a heart attack, which distinguishes it from an attack of angina pectoris. The intensity of the pain is in no way related to the severity of the condition.

Cardioneurosis has a different nature, but symptoms similar to angina pectoris are pressing pain, shortness of breath, fear. It can be difficult to distinguish cardioneurosis from angina pectoris and even heart attack. Moreover, the presence of both of these diseases at the same time is possible.

The accompanying symptoms may not give a clear picture, and the nature of the pain does not depend on which of the two diseases it is caused. An attack of cardioneurosis is well stopped by sedatives.

Myocarditis is an inflammation of the myocardium, has either an infectious or toxic nature. A distinctive feature of pain in this disease is that it is present almost constantly. The intensity of the pain may vary throughout the day. Concomitant symptoms may be absent in chronic myocarditis.

Acute myocarditis is manifested by an increase in body temperature, a sharp weakness during any physical exertion, constant pain in the heart of a different nature.

  1. First of all necessary stop physical activity.
  2. The patient needs to sit or lie down in a comfortable position, unfasten the collar, belt and other items of clothing that interfere with free breathing.
  3. He does not want to move, he needs to talk as little as possible.
  4. It is best if help is provided by someone close to you, since it is not advisable for the patient to take any active actions.
  5. From drugs, you can take nitroglycerin – no more than one tablet at a time.
  6. Sedatives, such as validol, corvalol and others, can and should be taken, they facilitate the patient’s condition.
  7. You can resume activity only after the pain stops.
  8. If the pain in the heart lasts more than half an hour, or the patient’s condition is severe, then this is a sign of myocardial infarction. In this case, you must call an ambulance as soon as possible. Restrictions on physical activity remain; the patient should maintain as much immobility as possible.
  9. You can take nitroglycerin in the amount of 3 tablets with an interval of about 20 minutes, sedatives will not be effective.
  10. In a serious condition of a patient with a suspected heart attack, he needs to be given a semi-sitting position, pressure bandages can be applied to the hips to reduce blood flow to the heart. When hoarse breathing or foam from the mouth appears, it is necessary to allow the patient to inhale alcohol vapor.

Neurocircular dystonia

Heart neurosis is not a cardiological cause of unpleasant sensations in the chest area. Neurocircular dystonia is caused by disturbances in the functioning of the central nervous system. However, it does show signs of a severe cardiological disease. A patient with heart neurosis can notice a variety of symptoms:

  • anxiety for no apparent reason;
  • severe dizziness;
  • headache;
  • pressing sensations in the left chest, forearm, shoulder blade, lower jaw;
  • fainting (flies before the eyes and severe weakness);
  • increased sweating;
  • sleep disorders;
  • difficult to breathe deeply;
  • sensation of a lump in the throat;
  • hard to swallow saliva due to spasm of the esophagus.

Constant, aching, low strength – this can be described as pain concentrated behind the left sternum. It can occur not only under stress, but also at rest.

Taking Nitroglycerin will not save you from discomfort. In order for the discomfort in the heart and other symptoms to disappear, you must take a sedative. Why, in this case, is also not worth doing self-diagnosis? Neurocircular dystonia may be similar to angina pectoris and heart attack.

A person with a diagnosed heart neurosis needs to avoid stress. It is completely necessary to exclude smoking and alcohol, do not drink strong tea and coffee. It is also not worth taking medications for a long time, any pharmacological agents should be prescribed by a doctor. Self-medication can provoke new bouts of pain in the left chest. Also, do not reduce the time for sleep and rest.

Recommendations on what not to do

Pressure of a pressing nature in the heart is quite rare with a heart attack, but nevertheless it is impossible to exclude this option, since a heart attack quite often disguises itself as any other disease. It is also contraindicated to engage in self-diagnosis when such a symptom appears.

Angina pectoris
characterized by the appearance of pressing pain in the heart. The heart is designed in such a way that it must provide blood to the whole body, and physical activity, an increase in body temperature, make it work harder in order to provide the whole body with the necessary nutrients and oxygen.

With angina pectoris, pressing pain in the heart is paroxysmal in nature, relieved by cardiac medication. Angina pectoris is diagnosed in almost every person. Pressing pain in the heart appears during physical exertion, possibly when walking, while running, that is, with any physical activity, emotional shock. A distinguishing feature between angina pectoris and heart attack is that an attack of angina cannot occur during sleep, at rest.

only a doctor can make a diagnosis. It is important to describe your condition correctly. With angina pectoris, the pain is pressing, compressive in nature, sometimes this condition resembles heartburn, as there is a feeling that something is burning inside. An attack of pressing pain with angina is accompanied by a change in blood pressure.

A cardiologist should look for an answer to the question of why the heart presses. But if the pain caught a person suddenly (and this usually happens with angina pectoris), then you need to calm down, take a comfortable body position, take a nitroglycerin tablet. If a person is diagnosed with angina pectoris, then he should try to avoid physical exertion, emotional stress, always have nitroglycerin tablets with him.

Pressing pains in the upper region of the heart appear with neurocirculatory dystonia
(heart neurosis). A number of unpleasant sensations (pressing pain, dizziness, palpitations) appear after strong emotional experiences, as a consequence of excitement. This condition is observed in young people who often suffer from infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

With an attack of pressing pain, sedatives (valerian, corvalol, valocardin) should be taken. If seizures occur frequently then, at bedtime, sedatives or sleeping pills can be taken periodically. The patient will need to get rid of bad habits, try not to be exposed to stress and avoid emotional stress.

Why is the heart crushing? Another reason is possible – myocarditis
(disease caused by infection). Symptoms: severe pressing chest pain, shortness of breath, rapid pulse, swelling on the legs is possible. Myocarditis usually appears as a complication after a cold. The development of chronic heart failure is possible if the patient is not transferred to a strict bed rest and adequate treatment is not started.

A short list of what you need to do if your heart is crushing and breathing hard:

  1. Sit or lie down in a comfortable position;
  2. Provide access to air in the respiratory tract. If possible, open a window;
  3. Take nitroglycerin;
  4. With a worsening condition or duration of pain, more than half an hour:
    • Call an ambulance;
    • Take 3 tablets of nitroglycerin with an interval of 20 min;
    • If necessary, apply pressure dressings on the legs, inhale the alcohol vapor.

These measures are not enough for a full treatment, but they can improve the patient’s condition.

Description of what should never be done unless absolutely necessary:

  • Move and talk;
  • Take painkillers, diuretics, antiarrhythmics;
  • Ignore pain if it lasts longer than half an hour;
  • Refuse hospitalization.

These actions can aggravate the patient’s condition, lead to more dangerous consequences, and cause severe hemodynamic disturbances.

If a person has a heart pressure, his first question will be – what to do? First of all, you need to firmly make sure that the cause of the pain was precisely the “pump” disease in your body. Heart pain during palpation of the intercostal space does not intensify, as when turning the body or swallowing.

If the pain is of a cardiac nature, then a person needs to immediately stop physical activity and sit comfortably somewhere. The legs should be below chest level to reduce the flow of blood to the heart, which can be dangerous for a heart attack. Sometimes, having found a comfortable position, a person ceases to feel pain, but if this does not happen, then an ambulance should be called immediately.

It is important to know what to take if the heart presses – the patient needs to be given a nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue, which dramatically expands the blood vessels, reducing pressure in the ventricles and easing the load on the heart. You also need to provide him with an influx of fresh air and try to calm him down.

What else to drink before the ambulance arrives if the person still has heart pressure? Painkillers and sedatives, such as drops of valocordin or corvalol, to which aspirin and analgin should be added. And then your actions should be subordinated to the possible cause of the disease:

  • To relieve chest pain with angina, the patient is given nitroglycerin under the tongue, unless he has contraindications to this drug (severe anemia, some other pathologies).
  • To improve the rheology of blood, acetylsalicylic acid and heparin are prescribed, beta-blockers are given to reduce the signs of ischemia and eliminate arrhythmias. What is better to drink if the heart crushes with various arrhythmias to relieve pain? In this case, strophanthin and digoxin are intended.
  • If there is a suspicion of myocardial infarction, then the person must be put in such a way that the upper body is raised, free the chest from the tight clothing, provide airflow and immediately call an ambulance.
  • For patients with myocarditis, bed rest is important, with a course of antibiotics, desensitizing and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Validol, which relieves chest pain caused by stress or neurosis, has a good effect on cardioneurosis. What can be done at home if the heart is crushed in cardioneurosis? Without doctor’s instructions, you can use weak sedatives (motherwort, valerian, persen).
  • For any pathology, the myocardium can be strengthened with the help of multivitamins, potassium and magnesium preparations, the optimal content of which is in asparkam and panangin. But these drugs should also be prescribed by a doctor.

First of all, the patient is recommended a healthy lifestyle with a normalized regimen, adequate rest, he should avoid conflict and stressful situations, discard bad habits, take daily walks and engage in feasible sports.

Do you often feel pressing heart pain? How do you deal with it, what do you accept? Tell us about it in the comments.
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Pressive pain in the heart can occur for various reasons. If it connects with other signs, it gives to the hand, intensifies during exercise, suddenly, is supplemented by burning, shortness of breath, has a cyclical character – most likely, it is a disease of the heart or coronary vessels feeding it.

Pressing pain in the heart does not necessarily indicate a danger to life.

Pressing chest pains in the heart area very often appear during physical or nervous exertion, walking up the stairs, hypothermia, after a hearty lunch. Pressing pain in the heart, what is it? The provocateur of pain in the heart is oxygen starvation of the heart muscle, which is not satisfied by the flow of blood through the coronary arteries that has developed in the body.

Cardiac ailments can be distinguished from others by additional signs:

  • discomfort is felt in the back and shoulder blades;
  • cough appears;
  • there is an increase in pressure;
  • heart rhythm is disturbed;
  • increased heart rate;
  • dizziness;
  • face skin pale to blue;
  • nausea, vomiting.

Wash yourself with cold water, engage in physical activity, prescribe yourself any medications, also do not go to baths, go for a walk, generally go.

Upon arrival of the brigade, the issue of assistance on the spot or transportation of the patient to the hospital is decided. Refuse in any case is not worth it.

Any kind of ailment indicates that not everything is in order with the body. If the heart contracts, you should immediately undergo an examination, because this is a symptom of one of the forms of ischemic disease of the main organ
. If help is needed immediately, pain can be relieved before the doctor arrives in several ways.

If it is angina pectoris, it is necessary to stop or sit down, provide air access, take nitroglycerin, and the pain will pass in five minutes.

Treatment of myocarditis depends on the cause of its occurrence, but in any case, bed rest is required. Usually prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, desensitizing, in the case of a bacterial infection – antibiotics.

With neurosis, a healthy lifestyle is recommended. It is necessary to avoid stress, spend more time on the street, observe the regime of the day, get enough sleep (at least eight hours a day), engage in physical labor, get rid of bad habits. As a rule, herbal calming drugs (motherwort, valerian) are prescribed. In more severe cases, tranquilizers may be prescribed.

Pain in the chest cannot be left without due attention. An alarm must be struck if the heart crushes. Why is this happening and what needs to be done in this situation? Answers to questions can be given by competent professionals.

If it presses in the area of ​​the heart, this can be a sign of various kinds of disorders. In this case, you can not self-medicate and try to make a diagnosis on your own. You just need to see a doctor or call an ambulance.

The most common cause of this condition is heart neurosis. This pathology is not chronic. Most often, pain occurs after stress, when a person is very worried. Elderly and very young people can suffer from cardiac muscle neurosis. In schoolchildren and students, this condition often arises against the background of exams.

“Something is pressing in the area of ​​the heart,” they admit to their parents and doctors. Neurosis can be accompanied by a headache, an increase in blood pressure. Do not tolerate pain in any case. It is necessary to drink tincture of valerian or a heart remedy, produced in the form of drops. Neurosis often occurs against the background of the development of inflammatory diseases, tonsillitis, colds.

  • Sit or lie down in a comfortable position;
  • Provide access to air in the respiratory tract. If possible, open a window;
  • Take nitroglycerin;
  • With a worsening condition or duration of pain, more than half an hour:
    • Call an ambulance;
    • Take 3 tablets of nitroglycerin with an interval of 20 min;
    • If necessary, apply pressure dressings on the legs, inhale the alcohol vapor.

    Myocarditis

    Unpleasant sensations can be very diverse. In this case, inflammation makes itself felt and other symptoms:

    • increased body temperature;
    • weakness;
    • a decline in strength and a decrease in working capacity;
    • fatigue
    • shortness of breath;
    • swelling in the calf;
    • a feeling of sinking heart;
    • arrhythmia or tachycardia.

    With this disease, Nitroglycerin is also powerless, and seizures can occur several times during the day. Myocarditis may appear as a complication of a cold carried on the feet. It is important to prevent this heart disease from becoming neglected. To prevent the development of chronic heart failure, you can only observe bed rest and taking all the drugs prescribed by a cardiologist.

    This disease often occurs along with symptoms such as:

    • fever and weakness;
    • increased heart rate or vice versa – its fading;
    • dyspnea.

    Another cause of pressing heart pain is myocarditis. It is most often infectious as well as toxic in origin.

    Pain in the heart is the most common complaint for myocarditis of any nature. They can manifest themselves in different ways: cutting, stitching, aching or pressing. Attacks can be repeated repeatedly throughout the day, while they are not removed with nitroglycerin.

    In addition to what presses in the chest, other signs are also observed with myocarditis:

    • elevated temperature;
    • general weakness;
    • prostration;
    • fatigue;
    • feeling of a sinking heart;
    • dyspnea;
    • interruptions in the work of the heart;
    • cardiopalmus.

    Pressing chest pain can be a sign of various diseases, both cardiac and non-cardiac.

    What does the pressing pain in the heart indicate?

    Need to know! Not every chest pain is a consequence of heart disease. It can be a symptom of a number of other diseases: pleurisy, neuralgia, cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis.

    Symptoms of a heart attack: a pressing pain occurs sharply, it is characterized by a burning sensation, aching. The left shoulder blade, left shoulder, left half of the neck, lower jaw, chest are the places where the most painful sensations arise.

    With pain in the heart, a person can have the following pathologies:

    • myocardial infarction;
    • acute coronary insufficiency;
    • angina pectoris;
    • aortic aneurysm;
    • pericarditis.

    Myocardial infarction

    Characteristic features are:

    1. Pressing severe pain behind the sternum and spreading it throughout the chest. She gives in the shoulders.
    2. A person turns pale, becomes covered with cold sweat, begins to suffocate, because he does not have enough air. Shortness of breath appears.
    3. Nausea, vomiting, and fear of death occur.
    4. With a heart attack, nitroglycerin does not help.

    Lung pathology

    1. Pleurisy, aortic dissection, spontaneous pneumothorax, thromboembolism, and bullous lung disease are causes of pressing chest pain. An inflammatory process develops. When coughing and breathing, the patient experiences severe pressing pain in the chest.
    2. With pneumothorax, the lung ruptures. Gradually, it decreases, as there is a pathological exit of air into the chest. It accumulates in the pleural cavity. The lung cannot straighten out, respiratory failure develops. Since this should not normally occur, the air presses on the pleura and irritates the pleural sheets that cover the lungs and line the inside of the chest.
    3. The receptors of pain that are in the membrane of the lungs, the pleura, are irritated. There are no such receptors in the lung tissue. As a result, intense pain occurs during breathing. This suggests that the patient develops a serious pathological process, since the pleura is affected.
    4. With bullous disease, a pathology develops: balloons swell in the upper lobes of the lungs. They can burst at any moment, and then the development of pneumothorax, which is characterized by the presence of air in the chest, will occur.
    5. Aortic dissection occurs as a result of increased blood pressure and is accompanied by severe pain.
    6. Thromboembolism is a sudden blockage of an artery in the lungs with blood clots. This dangerous pathology leads to a deterioration in blood supply, an increase in the load on the heart and the appearance of dagger pain behind the sternum.
    Detonic  Why does it hurt in the heart during inhalation and exhalation What to do

    The rib cage is a framework of ribs. Intercostal nerves pass between them. In a patient with a hernia, the nerve sometimes gets pinched, its irritation occurs. Along the nerve, pain occurs.

    It is felt in the front of the chest, so patients often think that they have angina pectoris. In fact, they feel pressing pain as a result of degenerative changes in the spine. Usually these pains are associated with the movement of the spine.

    They intensify with a deep breath and a sharp movement. Often pain occurs when lifting weights.

    1. In the area where the heart is located, the esophagus passes. If the patient has a peptic ulcer and its complications, severe radiating pain occurs in the epigastric region, which radiates to the chest. Peptic ulcer is caused by the Helicobacter pylori microbe.
    2. When part of the stomach falls into the hernia, its contents enter the esophagus. Reflux esophagitis develops – a pathological chronic disease of the esophagus, in which the epithelium is damaged, inflammation, heartburn occurs. The patient suffers from pressing chest pain. It resembles a pressing pain in the sternum with angina pectoris, it can give to the jaw. Such a patient has a burp at night. Waking up in the morning, he often finds traces of liquid mixed with food debris on the pillow.

    What to do with pain behind the sternum?

    If pain occurs in the region of the heart, it is necessary to check the health of this most important human organ, because the pathology of the heart is deadly.

    Cardiac causes

    This group includes various pathologies of the heart. There are many diseases with a symptom such as pressing pain. The most common ones are discussed below.

    • conditions for the occurrence of pain (in the load or after, at rest, communication with food, at night or day)
    • the nature of the sensations (stabs, squeezes, achs, cuts, crushes, constantly or periodically)
    • pain duration
    • after which they cease.

    Osteochondrosis also affects. In this case, pain in the chest develops when a person has osteochondrosis of the thoracic and cervical spine. In this case, the thoracic region noticeably weakens. Because of this, the sensations will be oppressive or dull. The pain passes to the upper limbs and heart, and is also located in the area between the shoulder blades.

    The susceptibility of the skin may gradually change. Tingling appears on the body. Painful sensations arise when a person is in a single position for a long time, with sharp turns of the head and movements with his hands. With this disease, pressing sensations can occur in the heart area at night or in the evening.

    The effect is also caused by pulmonary embolism. This is due to the fact that a blood clot enters the artery, which blocks the transport of blood to the heart. Painful sensations will be sudden and intense. The patient has deep breathing. A strong cough prevents breathing.

    Pain in the heart can be associated with other factors. Among them are the following:

    1. Hormonal changes. Any changes can negatively affect the work of the heart. For example, if a person has unpleasant sensations in his left hand, and heart contractions become unstable, this indicates a lack of oxygen. This condition is characteristic of diseases of the adrenal gland and thyroid gland. An unstable heart rate occurs both with excess and with a lack of hormones T3 and T4. And then the need for oxygen only increases. In addition, with adrenal tumors, excess adrenaline may be produced. And this stimulates a sharp increase in the functioning of the heart muscle. Blood pressure rises. There is a risk of stroke or heart attack.
    2. Diseases of muscle tissue. In this case, it presses in the area of ​​the heart when a person turns the body or raises his hands.
    3. Thoracic sciatica. In other words, this is intercostal neuralgia. Pain in the area between the ribs. They increase with palpation. The causes may be fractures and bruises of the ribs. Also, the infringement of the nerve ending can provoke the appearance of this disease.
    4. Diseases of the esophagus. They can also cause unpleasant pressing sensations in the chest area. In addition, there are problems with swallowing. Sometimes nitroglycerin can not eliminate the esophageal spasm, which means that there is a mistake in the diagnosis.
    5. Swollen intestines. Oddly enough, but pressing sensations in the chest area also appear. This is due to the fact that gases accumulate and put pressure on the internal organs. As a result, disturbances in the functioning of the heart and blood vessels are observed.
    6. Neurosis. In this state, chest pains are usually aching or tingling. They are localized in small areas. Moreover, it is difficult for the patient to describe the sensations, since they are quite complex and varied.
    7. Diseases of the pulmonary system. For example, it can be pneumothorax, bronchial asthma (severe form), pulmonary hypertension. All these pathologies are characterized by pain in the chest area.
    8. Diseases of the stomach. Usually pressing sensations and pain appear after a person has taken food. The same applies to prolonged fasting.

    Conclusion

    Only a qualified doctor can determine the causes and select the appropriate therapy.

    Pain in the heart: what to do

    Why pain occurs:

    • poor blood supply and insufficient oxygen supply to the heart muscle;
    • inflammatory processes in the tissues of the heart;
    • disruptions in metabolic processes in heart tissues;
    • high blood pressure, heart disease – these pathologies cause an increased load on the heart;
    • gastric diseases, diseases of the esophagus – gastritis, ulcer;
    • pathological changes in the thoracic spine, ribs, intercostal nerve endings;
    • lung diseases.

    For pains of cardiac origin, additional signs often appear – tachycardia, arrhythmia, shortness of breath, skin integuments become pale or acquire a bluish tint. Against the background of poor blood supply, there is a feeling of lack of air, weakness, fainting.

    Pressive heart pain occurs in different places of the chest, and irradiation to other parts of the body is often observed.

    1. The pain syndrome will increase after physical exertion, gives to the left hand, back, accompanied by burning and compression, high blood pressure – this is angina pectoris, one of the varieties of coronary artery disease. It will become easier for a person if he relaxes and dissolves nitroglycerin.
    2. Pressing pain in the area of ​​the heart at rest, which is of a long nature, is accompanied by tingling, aching sensations – nervous excitement, stress, high emotional stress.
    3. Pressive chest pain in the heart area, which is accompanied by shortness of breath – a sign of myocarditis. In this infectious or toxic lesion of the heart muscle, swelling of the lower extremities often occurs, the heart rate quickens, and the temperature rises. An attack of pain occurs several times a day, nitroglycerin does not eliminate unpleasant symptoms.
    4. Pressing pain in the heart region in adolescents rarely relates to heart disease – discomfort intensifies with deep breaths, hand swings, which indicates problems with the musculoskeletal system. Sometimes heart pain in adolescents occurs due to the use of drugs, illegal drugs for sports nutrition.
    5. The left hand goes numb against a background of pain in the heart – one of the most dangerous symptoms that can indicate a heart attack. Similar symptoms can develop with atherosclerosis, intercostal neuralgia.

    Pressing pain under the heart, which radiates to the forearm, lower jaw, shoulder blade, are signs of cardioneurosis. The disease refers to pathologies of the nervous system, does not cause changes in the state of the heart tissue. Relief is observed after taking sedative medications. With cardioneurosis, a person becomes restless, sleep quality worsens, sweating increases. The disease is accompanied by increased fatigue, swallowing and deep breathing cause difficulties.

    Heart diseases accompanied by chest pains must be urgently treated. If the patient does not seek medical help on time, then he will soon die.

    Most often, the causes of pressure in the heart are cardiological: heart attack, myocarditis, angina pectoris, cardioneurosis and others.

    There are several specific signs of cardiac sensations:

    • They are independent of body position. Others intensify with a change in posture, movement. This indicates pulmonary problems, but more often intercostal neuralgia.
    • There is no connection with breathing either. Other pains increase with inspiration.
    • The duration of cardiac sensations is not more than 40 minutes or hours, even in the most difficult cases.
      Episodes can be frequent.
    • The intensity is high only with heart attack and acute angina pectoris. The use of narcotic analgesics is practiced.

    An unspecific sign of heart pain is the ability to stop with Nitroglycerin. Many problems with the muscular organ are eliminated in this way. Others do not.

    As a rule, cardiological problems are not particularly pronounced, and patients usually describe their feelings quite briefly. At the same time, patients suffering from neurosis, usually in full detail talk about the many and very diverse manifestations of the disease. The following signs indicate the cardiac origin of pain:

    • increased heart rate – tachycardia;
    • dizziness, which may appear for a short time or be permanent;
    • heart rhythm disturbance – arrhythmia;
    • dyspnea;
    • pallor or bluish tint of the skin;
    • pain gives in the back, left arm, jaw;
    • nausea and vomiting;
    • fainting.
  • Angina pectoris;
  • Myocardial infarction;
  • Cardioneurosis;
  • Myocarditis.
    • The pressing pains in the heart with its diseases are often accompanied by shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air, fear of death, anxiety and other unpleasant sensations.
    • The patient may feel much worse than his condition actually, or, conversely, feel relatively good with severe myocardial damage.
    • With angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, the pain is pressing, constricting or stitching, accompanied by shortness of breath, fear of death, and other symptoms.
      The duration of pain (longer than half an hour) is considered the first differential diagnostic sign of a heart attack, which distinguishes it from an attack of angina pectoris. The intensity of the pain is in no way related to the severity of the condition.
    • Cardioneurosis has a different nature, but symptoms similar to angina pectoris are pressing pain, shortness of breath, fear. It can be difficult to distinguish cardioneurosis from angina pectoris and even heart attack. Moreover, the presence of both of these diseases at the same time is possible.
      The accompanying symptoms may not give a clear picture, and the nature of the pain does not depend on which of the two diseases it is caused. An attack of cardioneurosis is well stopped by sedatives.
    • Myocarditis is an inflammation of the myocardium, has either an infectious or toxic nature. A distinctive feature of pain in this disease is that it is present almost constantly. The intensity of the pain may vary throughout the day. Concomitant symptoms may be absent in chronic myocarditis.
      Acute myocarditis is manifested by an increase in body temperature, a sharp weakness during any physical exertion, constant pain in the heart of a different nature.
    • mental disorders;
    • osteochondrosis localized in the cervical or thoracic region;
    • thoracic sciatica;
    • intervertebral hernia;
    • digestive tract problems;
    • pulmonary diseases;
    • some skin diseases (shingles);
    • inflammation of the intercostal cartilaginous tissues (Titz syndrome);
    • hormonal failures.

    What is the difference between heart pain and heartless? Cardiological ailments are accompanied by arrhythmias, a white or bluish tint of the skin, shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, bouts of nausea or vomiting, the spread of pain in the left forearm, back or lower jaw.

    Prolonged nervous breakdown characterized by apathy, lack of interest in life, indifference to oneself and others. It can be caused by a strong emotional shock. Pain in the heart is long and does not stop even at rest. They can give to the left side of the body, passing on the neck and shoulders.

    One of the signs of the disease is frequent panic attacks. These are sudden and powerful attacks of fear and panic, which are often unreasonable. Compressive pains in the heart area are supplemented by excessive sweating, tachycardia, weakness, chills, rapid breathing, high blood pressure, tremor of the extremities.

    • The presence of various phobias in humans.

    Someone is afraid of an enclosed or open space, someone is scared to be on top, in the dark or in society. Cardiophobia is a constant fear of discovering heart disease in oneself. Often experiences entail agitation of the nervous system and pressing pains in the chest area. This is another type of neurosis in which a person constantly searches for various diseases and pathologies.

    He imagines what is actually not there. Pain occurs during experiences. A condition that can be called false angina pectoris. All symptoms are similar. A distinctive feature is difficulties during swallowing movements (as if a lump in the throat were stuck). Cardioneurosis is easily eliminated with sedatives, Nitroglycerin does not help.

    Physical illness

    Such a disease manifests itself as a pressing pain between the shoulder blades, which passes into the region of the heart, arms, shoulders, neck. Tingling is often felt in the skin. Pain occurs when a person makes sudden movements of his head or hands. Discomfort is also felt in a long static position. At night, the condition may worsen. Read more about how not to confuse osteochondrosis with heart problems, read here.

    This disease belongs to peripheral disorders of the nervous system. The pain is pressing, it can be constant or occur in the form of seizures. It is localized in the intercostal space, passes to the thoracic region. Painful sensations become stronger with a slight pressure on the area of ​​the ribs, as well as during sneezing, coughing or when moving.

    Cartilage between the spinal discs can age and degrade. In this case, pinched nerves occur, which leads to acute, aching chest pain, when it is difficult to breathe in and out. Symptoms are very similar to angina pectoris. Muscle weakness is observed, hands, back are numb, “goosebumps crawl”. The pains are paroxysmal in nature.

    • Digestive tract problems.

    With bloating, the accumulated gases begin to compress the internal organs. In this case, pressing pain in the thoracic region appears. It is cramping in nature. This symptom is difficult to confuse with the heart, as it is accompanied by digestive disorders: heaviness in the abdomen, rumbling, heartburn or belching. This symptom can cause discomfort in the heart. Pain usually occurs with eating, leaning, or lying down. There are other manifestations: it burns in the chest, an eructation with an acid taste appears.

    Pleurisy. The inflammatory process of the pulmonary membranes that line the organ from the inside. Chest pain is pressing, sharp, increases with coughing or taking a deep breath. The pain is slightly reduced if you lie on your right side and do not move. It is necessary to breathe superficially. In this state, it can shiver, break through later.

    • Pulmonary embolism.
      To relieve chest pain with angina, the patient is given nitroglycerin under the tongue, unless he has contraindications to this drug (severe anemia, some other pathologies).

    Cardiac causes

    Home self-diagnosis is a series of measures that will help distinguish heart pain from heartless ones. It is quite simple to do this: make several swallowing movements, put your hand on the ribs and intercostal spaces, and rotate the body in different directions. If after these simple measures the pain in the chest area became more intense, it means that they are not related to the heart.

    In the case of emotional stress and the neurotic nature of chest discomfort, sedative drip drugs can be used. These include Corvalol, Valocordin and other forms of phenobarbital.

    PathologyClinical manifestations
    Cardiological
    AMI (acute myocardial infarction)The essence of necrosis of the heart muscle area as a result of ischemia against the background of hypertension, coronary insufficiency, age-related tissue degeneration. Symptoms
    • intense, pressing pain in the chest, radiating to the left arm, scapula, epigastrium, back;
    • lack of air in a state of complete rest;
    • fainting, fainting;
    • emotional lability;
    • nasolabial triangle cyanosis;
    • pallor of the skin;
    • profuse sweat;
    • arrhythmia
    ThromboembolismThe reason is the block of blood flow through the pulmonary artery (full or partial), with full – death within 5 minutes, partial can be restored with timely assistance. Clinic:
    • pressing pain, which disappears in half an hour;
    • dyspnea;
    • coma;
    • tachycardia;
    • pallor of the skin;
    • pupil reaction;
    • drop in blood pressure;
    • blood cough
    MyocarditisThis is inflammation of the middle layer of the heart in 80% of the infectious etiology. Symptoms:
    • presses the heart and sternum in the middle;
    • tormented by shortness of breath at rest;
    • Heart rate of more than 100 beats / minute;
    • hyperthermia
    False angina pectorisA variation of VVD is attributed to cardiac reasons erroneously due to an imitation of an acute condition:
    • pain behind the sternum of a pressing nature not more than 15 minutes, but several times / day;
    • breathlessness
    Mitral valve defects (prolapse, stenosis)The reason is congenital dysplasia of the connective tissue, manifestations:
    • an attack of pressing pain in the chest from the left for 10 to 30 minutes (several months in a row);
    • lump in the throat;
    • vertigo (dizziness);
    • drowsiness;
    • subfebrile condition
    Unidentified chest pressureThe cause is not established, the symptom complex of idiopathic cardialgia with periods of exacerbations and remissions is manifested by shortness of breath, weakness, and unpleasant sensations in the heartHypertensionPressing heart pains are combined with token in the crown of the head, neck. In addition, marked:
    • dyspnea;
    • slow speech;
    • syncope;
    • numbness of the fingers
    ExtracardiacTumors of different genesisThe reason is cellular atypia of tissues of unknown etiology. Symptoms
    • pain in the chest;
    • shortness of breath up to asphyxiation;
    • hemoptysis;
    • cephalgia (headache);
    • a subfebrile condition;
    • nausea
    • weakness
    PneumoconiosisThe bottom line is an organic lesion of the lung tissue with gradual calcification, it does not have a specific clinic, it is not treatedTuberculosisThe reason is Koch mycobacterium, something constantly presses on the heart (like a stone lies on the chest), a cough with hemoptysis, night hyperhidrosisPneumonia (acute and chronic)Pain behind the sternum is nonspecific, sometimes pressing, aggravated by physical exertion, deep breathing, combined with cough, fever, fatigueIntercostal neuralgiaThe bottom line is inflammation of the intercostal nerves, paroxysmal pains, severe, radiating to the heart, sometimes strongly pressure it, the localization of inflammation can be shown with a fingerPsychosomaticsHypochondriaThe reason is a mental disorder (modern science is more inclined to believe that this is a quality of personality), symptoms:
    • retrosternal discomfort;
    • anxiety;
    • despondency
    StressThe heart aches after emotional stressPhobiasProvoke pain in the heart, accompanied by nausea, sweating, confused consciousness, fainting, faintingChronic fatigueThe reason is asthenia of the nervous system, the main symptoms:Post-traumatic stressDiagnosed in the military, victims of violence, traffic accidents. The main symptom is pain behind the sternum field of any physical or emotional stress, combined with increased irritability, weakness, rapid fatigueDepressionThe condition after the loss of a loved one, dismissal from a beloved job, a mental illness associated with the inability to have fun against the backdrop of a stable negative mood.

    Pain in the heart can be of any nature.

    Diagnosis of pressing heart pain

    The most common cause of pain in the heart is angina pectoris. It occurs due to insufficient blood supply to the myocardium (which is caused by atherosclerotic lesions of the coronary vessels).

    With angina pectoris, the pain is paroxysmal in nature. It can be crushing or burning. Usually gives to the left shoulder blade or shoulder, less often to the arm or jaw. It occurs against the background of physical exertion or stress. It lasts 3-5 minutes, less often – up to 15 minutes. Other cardiovascular diseases in which the heart presses:

    • Myocardial infarction – the death of a portion of the heart muscle due to insufficient blood supply.
    • Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle.
    • Mitral valve prolapse – retraction of the valve cusps into the left atrium.
    • Neurocirculatory dystonia (NDC) is a disorder associated with impaired nervous and hormonal regulation of the cardiovascular system. Pain in NDC can be divided into several varieties: simple cardialgia, vegetative crisis cardialgia, pseudostenocardia (false angina pectoris).
    • Pulmonary thromboembolism – blockage of its thrombus.

    The treatment of heart diseases is impossible without proper diagnosis. Modern cardiology has a rather large arsenal of tools for diagnosing heart diseases:

      First of all, a patient survey is applied.

    nt to determine the nature of the pain – does the heart press at night or during the day, is the pain associated with physical activity and other information will help the doctor make a preliminary diagnosis. Laboratory methods in such cases are uninformative, and instrumental ones come to the fore:

  • The very first and easiest method is ECG. It allows you to determine ischemic or inflammatory changes in the myocardium.
  • But with angina pectoris, an ECG recorded outside an attack may not be informative and have minimal changes. In these cases, a holter ECG is used, i.e. a daily recording of a cardiogram. It allows you to determine the nature and frequency of seizures.
  • The second important method is echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart, echo-KG). It allows you to determine the structural pathology of the heart muscle, heart defects, to identify violations of intracardiac blood flow.
  • Coronary angiography is a method that allows you to assess the condition of the coronary arteries, their patency, the degree of blood flow disturbance in them, to identify ischemic areas.
  • Cardiovisor is one of the modern technologies that allow the patient to independently monitor the change in his condition. Requires a patient to be attentive to their health, as well as basic knowledge of cardiology.
  • MRI and CT allows in controversial cases to assess changes in the state of the heart, to see a three-dimensional picture for the most accurate description of the processes occurring in the heart and the most complete picture of the disease and the effectiveness of treatment.
  • Only based on the data of these analyzes, the doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis, and reasonably say what to accept if the heart crushes. Self-medication in this case is very dangerous – they still don’t joke with the heart.

    • general and specific blood tests;
    • standard ECG and Holter monitoring;
    • thermometry;
    • heart ultrasound;
    • X-ray;
    • CT and MRI;
    • myocardial scintigraphy.

    In addition to the cardiologist, the therapist will refer the patient to a gastroenterologist and orthopedist.

    Treatment of heart disease is not possible without proper diagnosis.

    Modern cardiology has a rather large arsenal of tools for diagnosing heart diseases:

    • First of all, a patient survey is used to determine the nature of the pain – does the heart press at night or during the day, is the pain associated with physical activity and other information will help the doctor make a preliminary diagnosis. Laboratory methods in such cases are uninformative, and instrumental ones come to the fore:
      1. The very first and easiest method is ECG. It allows you to determine ischemic or inflammatory changes in the myocardium.
      2. But with angina pectoris, an ECG recorded outside an attack may not be informative and have minimal changes. In these cases, a holter ECG is used, i.e. a daily recording of a cardiogram. It allows you to determine the nature and frequency of seizures.
      3. The second important method is echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart, echo-KG). It allows you to determine the structural pathology of the heart muscle, heart defects, to identify violations of intracardiac blood flow.
      4. Coronary angiography is a method that allows you to assess the condition of the coronary arteries, their patency, the degree of blood flow disturbance in them, to identify ischemic areas.
      5. Cardiovisor is one of the modern technologies that allow the patient to independently monitor the change in his condition. Requires a patient to be attentive to their health, as well as basic knowledge of cardiology.
      6. MRI and CT allows in controversial cases to assess changes in the state of the heart, to see a three-dimensional picture for the most accurate description of the processes occurring in the heart and the most complete picture of the disease and the effectiveness of treatment.

    Only based on the data of these analyzes, the doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis, and reasonably say what to accept if the heart crushes. Self-medication in this case is very dangerous – they still don’t joke with the heart.

    Cardiologist prescribes a standard examination algorithm:

    • collection of complaints, physical examination;
    • tonometry, pulsometry;
    • OAC, OAM, biochemistry;
    • ECG, Echocardiography, Holter;
    • stress tests (treadmill test, bicycle ergometry)
    • Ultrasonography of the abdomen;
    • X-ray examination: chest picture, CT scan, MSCT;
    • MRI;
    • sputum culture with the determination of the sensitivity of microbes to antibiotics;

    If necessary, with an unclear etiology of pain behind the sternum, narrow specialists are involved, and the scope of the examination expands.

    The main type of diagnosis of heart pain is an electrocardiogram. Be sure to do a stress ECG – record the activity of the heart during rest and during exercise. Based on the examination, you can see in which places the cardiac arteries are narrowed, determine the degree of deterioration of the heart and blood vessels, the risk of coronary artery disease.

    • chest x-ray;
    • fibrogastroscopy – eliminates pathological changes in the stomach and esophagus;
    • examination of the spine by a neurologist, MRI for the detection of intervertebral hernia;
    • blood test – during a heart attack, damage to heart cells occurs, special enzymes appear in the blood;
    • Ultrasound of the heart – aimed at studying the condition of the muscles and valves of the organ;
    • tomography – allows you to identify coronary pathologies.

    Modern cardiology has a rather large arsenal of tools for diagnosing heart diseases:

    • general and specific blood tests;
    • standard ECG and Holter monitoring;
    • thermometry;
    • heart ultrasound;
    • X-ray;
    • CT and MRI;

    Pain syndrome relative to the heart muscle may not always correspond to a defect in the severity or depth of the disease:

    1. Myocardial ischemia gives a feeling of pressure that spreads to both upper limbs. A person can experience such sensations after the exercises or due to overeating.
    2. The state of acute myocardial infarction presents similar symptoms, but with great intensity and duration. The illness persists for 30 minutes, sometimes longer.
    3. Myocarditis, which is a fairly common reason for the appearance of pain. Unpleasant aching and stitching sensations have a specificity to arise in the hypochondrium, while a person experiences pain in the chest and upper limbs. A characteristic feature of this kind of pain will be dependence on the breathing process or the location of the patient.
    4. The process of cardiomyopathy, like the rest, will be accompanied in the form of pain, but with different zones of dislocation.
    5. Mitral valve prolapse, unlike other types of sensations, will have differences in the long-term syndrome of various pain, which cannot be neutralized with nitroglycerin.
    6. Myocardial dystrophy, characterized by a variety of painful palettes in the sternum.

    Almost all people who are in pain ask themselves: what should I do if my heart hurts? The main advice for this problem will not be an attempt to make a diagnosis at home, but an appeal to a qualified specialist.

    Often, sharp and aching sensations can be associated with shortness of breath or obstructed bowel activity, which can put pressure on the heart muscle, disrupting its work. Sometimes the causes of pain in the heart are weakening of the thoracic spine, osteochondrosis and curvature.

    If a person experiences burning sensations in the sternum, then the usual cause of heartburn may be the usual heartburn. Gastric juice, falling into the esophagus, can provoke excruciating pain, which is accompanied by an acidic taste in the mouth and constant burping. Most often, such signs appear when the body is tilted or when the body is lying down.

    1. First of all, the patient needs to contact a cardiologist so that he excludes heart pathology.
    2. A cardiogram, stress ECG will be done. This is a record of the electrical activity of the heart at rest, and then during physical activity on a treadmill or on a bicycle.
    3. The patient must run or pedal. The degree of load increases every three minutes. The device constantly records the results of the examination.
    4. A stress test is carried out in order to expand the healthy parts of the vessels and see where the affected areas of the arteries of the heart are narrowed.
    5. For this, electrodes are put on the patient and conditions are created so that the heart works stronger and faster. The results are reflected on the cardiogram: changes in the functioning of the heart during stress appear or they are absent. When the heart is at rest, it contracts well, even if the vessel is narrowed.
    6. But with physical activity, the speed of contractions increases. The need of the heart for more oxygen is also increasing. The affected heart vessel cannot expand due to the presence of sclerotic plaques and remains narrow. Therefore, blood will flow into the area with a w />nt to determine the nature of the pain – does the heart press at night or during the day, is the pain associated with physical activity and other information will help the doctor make a preliminary diagnosis. Laboratory methods in such cases are uninformative, and instrumental ones come to the fore:
      1. The very first and easiest method is ECG. It allows you to determine ischemic or inflammatory changes in the myocardium.
      2. But with angina pectoris, an ECG recorded outside an attack may not be informative and have minimal changes. In these cases, a holter ECG is used, i.e. a daily recording of a cardiogram. It allows you to determine the nature and frequency of seizures.
      3. The second important method is echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart, echo-KG). It allows you to determine the structural pathology of the heart muscle, heart defects, to identify violations of intracardiac blood flow.
      4. Coronary angiography is a method that allows you to assess the condition of the coronary arteries, their patency, the degree of blood flow disturbance in them, to identify ischemic areas.
      5. Cardiovisor is one of the modern technologies that allow the patient to independently monitor the change in his condition. Requires a patient to be attentive to their health, as well as basic knowledge of cardiology.
      6. MRI and CT allows in controversial cases to assess changes in the state of the heart, to see a three-dimensional picture for the most accurate description of the processes occurring in the heart and the most complete picture of the disease and the effectiveness of treatment.
    7. Compressive pain

      This is a typical cardiac pain, informing about the oxygen deficiency of the heart muscle. It is characteristic of almost all forms of coronary heart disease. With angina pectoris, compressive pain in the chest in the region of the heart or behind the sternum gives typical reflections under the scapula and left arm. It occurs during the load and passes independently at rest or from taking nitroglycerin, which dilates blood vessels and redistributes blood between the layers of the myocardium.

      Patients with various variants of rhythm disturbance are also concerned about such pain:

      • it is most typical for atrial or ventricular fibrillation
      • frequent extrasystoles
      • paroxysmal tachycardia
      • intracardiac blockade
      • often the pain is accompanied by a fear of death and necessarily an uneven pulse
      • the equivalent of pain in some cases is shortness of breath, indicating circulatory failure.

      Atypical compressive pain under the left scapula, in the region of the heart, can occur at rest, in the early morning hours against the background of a spasm of the coronary arteries (Prinzmetal angina).

      Why is the heart crushing?

      First of all, the patient is recommended a healthy lifestyle with a normalized regimen, adequate rest, he should avoid conflict and stressful situations, discard bad habits, take daily walks and engage in all kinds of sports. Do you often have a pressing heart pain? How do you deal with it, what do you accept? Tell us about it in the comments.

      Pressing pains in the chest area can be caused by angina pectoris. This disease is associated with spasm of the vessels of the heart muscle. It can appear as a result of severe excitement, alcohol consumption, hypothermia. At the same time, a person feels pain not only in the chest, but also in the area of ​​the shoulder blades, in the region of the back or even the neck.

      If the pain in the area of ​​the heart is very intense, it could be myocardial infarction. With this pathology, the death of the heart muscle occurs. It receives significantly less oxygen than is required. In this case, the patient feels very ill, the pressure drops, perspiration appears on the forehead.

      Mitral valve prolapse is also capable of causing unpleasant sensations of compression in the region of the heart. In this case, the pain may be protracted. Nitroglycerin tablets are not able to remove it.

      There are other diseases of the cardiovascular system, which can be accompanied by very painful sensations in the chest. With pericarditis, for example, not only the heart hurts, but also the right hand. Pain can even be felt in the lower back.

      If a person is uncomfortable, he needs to try to assess his feelings, listen to his body, then to describe all the symptoms to the doctor. Do not try to diagnose yourself. If the pain appeared for the first time and a person does not know how it can be caused, he should definitely seek medical help.

      Doctors say that diseases of the cardiovascular system are treated very successfully if a person begins to pay due attention to this problem in time. So that squeezing in the chest does not bother, you need to eat properly and fully, be in the fresh air more often, do not smoke or drink alcohol in large quantities.

      If severe pain occurs, doctors recommend providing the patient with an influx of fresh air, unbuttoning the buttons on the top of the clothes. In some cases, cardiac massage and other first aid measures are needed. With a heart attack, you should not try to take a person to the hospital yourself. For transportation you need a special reanimobile.

      If presses in the heart, do not endure pain. You need to take tincture of valerian or another drug. When the discomfort appears for the first time, you should definitely consult a doctor. You may need immediate hospitalization or long-term treatment in a hospital.

      Aftermath

      If no action is taken, the disease that caused the pain in the heart will progress, which over time will lead to life-threatening consequences.

      The most common and dangerous conditions in which it crushes and

      – myocardial infarction and myocarditis.

      1. A heart attack is an acute violation of the blood supply to the heart, which leads to the death of part of the myocardial cells, and a scar forms in their place. The consequences depend on the size and location of the scar. Scar tissue, unlike muscle tissue, is unable to contract, therefore, after a heart attack, heart function deteriorates significantly.
        How this affects the patient’s condition depends on whether the remaining muscle tissue can compensate for the function of the damaged one. The recovery period after a heart attack is long, associated with a significant limitation of physical activity.
      2. Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease that can be acute or chronic. The course of acute myocarditis, as a rule, is fast, leading to significant hemodynamic disturbances, cardiac arrhythmias, and subsequently to the formation of an extensive scar.
        Chronic myocarditis occurs for a long time, with periodic exacerbations and remissions, leading to the gradual replacement of part of the tissue of the heart muscle with scar tissue (cardiosclerosis). This disease can be even more dangerous than myocardial infarction, although it is less common.

      If no action is taken, the disease that caused the pain in the heart will progress, which over time will lead to life-threatening consequences.

      1. A heart attack is an acute violation of the blood supply to the heart, which leads to the death of part of the myocardial cells, and a scar forms in their place. The consequences depend on the size and location of the scar. Scar tissue, unlike muscle tissue, is unable to contract, therefore, after a heart attack, heart function deteriorates significantly.

      How this affects the patient’s condition depends on whether the remaining muscle tissue can compensate for the function of the damaged one. The recovery period after a heart attack is long, associated with a significant limitation of physical activity.

      Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease that can be acute or chronic. The course of acute myocarditis, as a rule, is fast, leading to significant hemodynamic disturbances, cardiac arrhythmias, and subsequently to the formation of an extensive scar.

      Chronic myocarditis occurs for a long time, with periodic exacerbations and remissions, leading to the gradual replacement of part of the tissue of the heart muscle with scar tissue (cardiosclerosis). This disease can be even more dangerous than myocardial infarction, although it is less common.

      1. Myocardial
        – This is an acute violation of the blood supply to the heart, which leads to the death of part of the myocardial cells, and a scar forms in their place. The consequences depend on the size and location of the scar. Scar tissue, unlike muscle tissue, is unable to contract, therefore, after a heart attack, heart function deteriorates significantly.
        How does this affect the patient’s condition
        , depends on whether the remaining muscle tissue can compensate for the function of the damaged one. The recovery period after a heart attack is long, associated with a significant limitation of physical activity.
      2. Myocarditis
        – An inflammatory disease that may be acute or chronic. The course of acute myocarditis, as a rule, is fast, leading to significant hemodynamic disturbances, cardiac arrhythmias, and subsequently to the formation of an extensive scar.
        Chronic myocarditis
        proceeds for a long time, with periodic exacerbations and remissions, leads to the gradual replacement of part of the tissue of the heart muscle with scar tissue (cardiosclerosis). This disease can be even more dangerous than myocardial infarction, although it is less common.
    8. A heart attack is an acute violation of the blood supply to the heart, which leads to the death of part of the myocardial cells, and a scar forms in their place. The consequences depend on the size and location of the scar. Scar tissue, unlike muscle tissue, is unable to contract, therefore, after a heart attack, heart function deteriorates significantly.
      How this affects the patient’s condition depends on whether the remaining muscle tissue can compensate for the function of the damaged one. The recovery period after a heart attack is long, associated with a significant limitation of physical activity.
    9. Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease that can be acute or chronic. The course of acute myocarditis, as a rule, is fast, leading to significant hemodynamic disturbances, cardiac arrhythmias, and subsequently to the formation of an extensive scar.
      Chronic myocarditis occurs for a long time, with periodic exacerbations and remissions, leading to the gradual replacement of part of the tissue of the heart muscle with scar tissue (cardiosclerosis). This disease can be even more dangerous than myocardial infarction, although it is less common.

      Strong pain

      • Unbearable pain can be with a heart attack, pulmonary embolism, stratification of an aortic aneurysm. Often this is 10 out of 10 points. Patients are excited, rushing around. Feel intense fear of dying.
      • Mediastinitis – inflammation of the mediastinum – gives 10-9 points on an intensity scale. When a purulent process develops due to complications of surgical treatment, injuries of the esophagus, decay of tumors, the pain forces patients to take a forced position with their chin pressed to their chest. It intensifies when swallowing and tilting the head. Also there is a fever, sweating, agitation or confusion, swelling of the upper half of the body.
      • Angina pectoris gives pains of 6 to 8 points.
      • Myocarditis and pericarditis from 5 to 2.

      The heart is a unique organ, the only muscle in the body that can work for decades without interruptions and stops. According to studies, just under half of all deaths on the planet were caused by heart related diseases. The leaders are coronary disease and stroke, therefore, it is necessary to pay enough attention to the health of this body.

      Under normal pressure, a rapid heartbeat is called tachycardia. In humans, most often caused by external stimuli:

      • emotional stress (fear, excitement, great joy, impressionability, etc.);
      • stress and depression;
      • lack of sleep;
      • heat and direct sunlight;
      • height (stay on the surface much higher than sea level).

      Among the following possible causes can be identified:

      • abuse of alcohol, tobacco or drugs;
      • drinking caffeinated beverages;
      • taking certain medications;
      • improper nutrition (a large number of fried, fatty foods).

      There are also a number of factors that a person is not able to influence on his own:

      • age (older people are more likely to experience increased heart rate, and in children, heart rate is physiologically elevated);
      • hormonal changes (menstruation, menopause, menopause, pregnancy, thyroid disease);
      • lack of vitamins in the body;
      • decreased hemoglobin levels;
      • congenital pathologies of the heart or other organs;
      • infection.

      Certain factors require special attention, and we will consider them in more detail.

      Why does a rapid heartbeat under normal pressure occur during muscle load? When the load begins on the body, in particular physical, it needs resources. Oxygen and beneficial minerals needed by muscles during training should be distributed throughout the human body. Thus, the heart speeds up the pumping of blood, increasing the number of contractions.

      In gyms, trainers are always warned to carefully monitor their pulse throughout the workout.

      What is normal heart rate under normal pressure? In a stable state in humans – 60-80 contractions per minute. It is quite easy to measure it – feel for the pulse on your wrist, detect it for 10 seconds, count the number of shocks and multiply by 6. So you get your indicator. Thus, you can understand how fast the heartbeat under normal pressure, if the level exceeds the mark of 100 beats, then it becomes dangerous. During training, it is important to combine active exercise with relaxation.

      Psychosomatics is a science that studies the relationship between the physical and psychological states of the human body. She long ago discovered that during intense emotional stress, her pulse quickens. Such a phenomenon is embedded in the biological nature of man. In case of excitement and danger, a nerve impulse is sent to the brain, which stimulates the production of adrenaline. It is necessary so that in case of risk a person can escape and be saved.

      Even an elementary ailment, such as a cold, can cause a rapid heartbeat. The reason for this also lies in the nature of the human body. He is determined to survive. If some kind of infection enters the body, he directs all his efforts to withdraw it, accelerating all metabolic processes, including blood circulation.

      Often, tachycardia during a cold is intertwined with the following diseases and conditions:

      1. Fever.
      2. Overdose of caffeine.
      3. Dehydration.
      4. Increased blood pressure.
      5. Diseases of the cardiovascular system.

      Remember: heart palpitations are not an independent disease, but a symptom of a disease. If you are not in a position, have not dramatically lost weight, are not an athlete, have no periods, have no insomnia and you have no hormonal malfunction, you should consult a doctor.

      One of the following specialists will help you:

      1. Therapist.
      2. Gynecologist.
      3. Hematologist.
      4. Psychologist or psychiatrist.
      5. Cardiologist.
      6. Oncologist.
      7. Infectionist.
      8. Neurologist.
      9. Endocrinologist.

      symptomatology

      A frequent heartbeat under normal pressure can develop suddenly, and heart rate fluctuations change very quickly.

      A person clearly feels an increased heartbeat, which is accompanied by other signs:

      • frequent and expressive heart strokes, chest pain;
      • pulse acceleration;
      • dizziness, darkening in the eyes, shortness of breath, weakness;
      • possibly a slight increase in temperature, upset gastrointestinal tract, sweating.

      Recognition of tachycardia includes:

      1. Examination by the above specialists.
      2. ECG. Detects changes in the functioning of the heart.
      3. Echocardiography. Traces organic changes (defects, etc.).

      Many are interested in: “What medicine is allowed to be taken with a fast heartbeat”? The main rule is not to prescribe medications for yourself with tachycardia. Treatment is determined by the individual characteristics of the course of the disease.

      If the patient’s pressure is normal, and the heartbeat is strong, you can only use the following drugs yourself:

      1. Reflex type of action: “Corvalol”, “Corvalment”, “Corvaltab”, “Validol”.
      2. Soothing: valerian, “Barboval”, “Motherwort”.
      3. Beta-blockers: Concor, Bisoprolol, Propranolol.

      Tachycardia itself is divided into several types, depending on the etiology and other factors. The doctor may prescribe what to take:

      Traditional medicine has answers to almost all questions and can cure almost any disease.

      Soothing tinctures will help cope with tachycardia, for example:

      1. Infusion of the color of hawthorn (1 tablespoon of dried flowers of the plant pour 1 cup boiled water and leave for 20 minutes).
      2. Rosehip tea. (Pour boiling water over the berries and leave to infuse).
      3. Infusion of valerian root, mint (a tablespoon of dried valerian root and mint pour in a glass for 20 minutes).
      4. Soothing chamomile and valerian tea (mix chamomile flowers and valerian root in equal proportions, leave for an hour and drink for 20 days).
      1. Practice deep breathing. Although the procedure may seem difficult, lowering your breathing rate will help calm your heartbeat. Breathe in for 5-8 seconds, hold it for 3-5 seconds, and then slowly exhale for 5-8 seconds. Focus on exhaling completely to reduce your heart rate.
      2. Perform the Valsalva maneuver. It is caused by the vagus nerve, which is responsible for controlling the heartbeat. To perform the Valsalva maneuver by taking a deep breath, tighten the abdominal muscles below. Hold for five seconds and then release. You may need to do the procedure several times to get the desired effect.
      3. Spray yourself with cold water. Spray on your face to stimulate the immersion reflex, responsible for slowing down your metabolism. Continue to do so until you notice a drop in heart rate.
      4. Get yourself a cat. If you are too often worried, the animal will help you. Studies show that pet cats are good for your health. This is due to the removal of static electricity and voltage.
      5. Have a good night’s sleep. Try to minimize noise and light while you sleep. Use ear plugs and eye mask.
      6. Review your diet. Healthy food helps to improve almost all human organs and normalize metabolism.

      Every day, patients who are concerned about pressing pain in the heart area come to see a cardiologist. There can be several reasons for this condition, and these are not always cardiovascular pathologies. In any case, this symptom cannot be ignored, since life-threatening diseases are not excluded. For example, myocardial infarction or the most severe manifestation of an allergy is anaphylactic shock. Although it is believed that a pressing heart pain is not characteristic of a heart attack, however, this option is quite possible.

      When to see a doctor?

      1. It is advisable to consult a doctor in any case if there are pains in the heart, especially if they are accompanied by the symptoms described above.
      2. The second situation is when seeking medical help is mandatory if the therapy prescribed by the doctor has ceased to be effective.
      3. And the third situation when you need to see a doctor immediately is a suspicion of a heart attack or other serious complication.
      4. In other cases, it is advisable to periodically be examined by a cardiologist so that the doctor has the opportunity to observe the course of the disease, evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, and prevent the development of serious complications in time.
    10. It is advisable to consult a doctor in any case if there are pains in the heart, especially if they are accompanied by the symptoms described above.
    11. The second situation is when seeking medical help is mandatory if the therapy prescribed by the doctor has ceased to be effective.
    12. And the third situation when you need to see a doctor immediately is a suspicion of a heart attack or other serious complication.
    13. In other cases, it is advisable to periodically be examined by a cardiologist so that the doctor has the opportunity to observe the course of the disease, evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, and prevent the development of serious complications in time.

      What factors influence the appearance?

      They are not objective in nature, that is, in fact, pathologies that do not cause discomfort are not present. This is a far-fetched problem for the most part.

      An approximate list of possible reasons is as follows:

      • Hypochondria.
        Mental disorder. In recent years, scientists are inclined to think that it is rather a quality of personality. Increased anxiety about their health. Accompanied by the search for non-existent diseases, of course unsuccessful. Severity and pain are false, resulting from a focus on the anatomical region.
      • Stressful situations.
        A double edged sword. It is possible that discomfort is the result of prolonged stress, but it is quite possible that it happens that overloads lead to the development of cardiac problems.
      • Phobic conditions.
        They provoke attacks of cardialgia, as well as episodes of nausea, excessive sweating, dizziness. Particularly susceptible may faint. This not normal. It is necessary to work with a psychotherapist (not to be confused with “root-root” specialists).
      • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
        Contrary to the possible idea, this is by no means a new-fangled “bourgeois” disease. It’s a real problem. It develops as a result of asthenia of the nervous system. Hence, possible organic pathologies due to impaired regulation of vascular tone, heart rate.
      • Post-traumatic stress disorder.
        It occurs in patients who have experienced violence, the military, who have been in real conflicts, also in people after an accident, etc.
        Persons with supposed psychosomatics as a source of pain should never be brushed aside. A thorough diagnosis is required. Perhaps the patient really feels the discomfort associated with organic pathologies.

      Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.

      Detonic for pressure normalization

      The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.

      Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.

      Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page www.detonicnd.com.

    Svetlana Borszavich

    General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
    Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
    The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
    The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

    Detonic