Parents should be aware that normal adolescent blood pressure ranges from 100 to 140 mm Hg systolic and from 70 to 90 mm Hg diastolic.
In this case, the pulse should be between 60 and 80 beats per minute. During the day, the indicators can differ significantly, and this is due to many factors – blood viscosity, elasticity of vascular walls, vascular resistance, and heart rate.
Many parents are frightened by this moment: the child’s pressure is normal, and the pulse is rapid.
How should one act in such a situation?
What are the reasons for such a deviation and when treatment is urgently required – these are not empty questions that need careful attention and consideration.
Indicators of a normal heart rate in a teenager
To correctly calculate the pulse, the teenager is seated in a comfortable position opposite him. He should relax and calm down. The hand on which the heart rate will be counted should be in a static horizontal position. Then it is necessary to apply the middle and ring fingers of the hand to the inner side of the subject’s wrist, where the radial artery is located.
After the pressed fingers feel the heartbeat, start counting the indicator within 30 seconds. Then the resulting number is multiplied by 2 – this will be the final result.
The presented table displays the normal range of heart rate values in humans at different ages:
|Age||Pulse indicators (norm), beats/min|
|Infants up to 1 month||+110|
|Children from 1 month. up to 1 year||+105|
|From 1 year to 7 years||+95|
|From 7 12 years up||+60|
|From 12 15 years up||+55|
|From 15 18 years up||+60|
|Adults 18 – 60 years old||+60|
An increase in heart rate is an excess of the upper limit of the norm by more than 10%. It is normal if a similar symptom occurs for physiological reasons, it is worse when pathology is found in the body.
Why does a teenager’s heart rate rise?
It turns out that a rapid pulse does not always indicate the presence of problems in the child’s body. During stress or fright, with strong physical exertion, emotional excitement and other features of a person, an increase in heart rate is considered a normal situation. The pulse of 120 beats per minute in a child of 8 years old after a morning run is not scary at all. After 10-15 minutes, the heart will return to normal and there will be no reason for worry.
Often, a physiological increase in heart rate is recorded in women during pregnancy, with excessive consumption of caffeine-containing drinks, or during a fever, when the body temperature exceeds 39 degrees.
The pathological causes of a high pulse, that is, more than 100 beats, are as follows:
- violation of the optimal rest regimen,
- excess weight,
- problems with the endocrine system,
- acute viral diseases,
- osteocondritis of the spine,
- bad habits,
- heart disease
- the use of potent medications,
- vegetative-vascular dystonia.
An increased pulse at normal pressure requires immediate medical advice.
What is dangerous high pulse?
An increase in the number of heartbeats leads to the development of tachycardia. Most often, this disease occurs in adolescents against the background of disproportionate growth of the body: in short and thin ones, the heart is too small and active, in tall and dense children, the organ can be hypertrophied. Doctors separately consider sinus tachycardia, in which sinus rhythm is normal, but other indicators change.
The reason may be stress, chronic lack of sleep, overwork, endocrine restructuring of the body. In this case, a high pulse disappears after the elimination of the provoking factor.
A large pulse (more than 150-160 beats/min) can cause the following complications:
- cerebrovascular accident,
- ventricular failure
- arrhythmic shock,
- pulmonary edema,
- cardiac asthma.
By itself, a rapid pulse is not a disease, but a symptom of the presence of serious violations in the work of human organs and systems.
Why does the pulse increase in a calm state?
You can understand the increase in heart rate when walking, running or a strong emotional shock, however, why the heart rate rises even in a relatively calm state, for example, after eating. This is due to increased blood flow to the stomach, which, once full, begins to digest food.
In such cases, the heart rate exceeds the norm by no more than 5-6 beats per minute. If, after eating, the indicators are significantly increased, then you should immediately consult a doctor to undergo a thorough examination.
When tachycardia finds a teenager in a calm state, this is a sign of the possible presence of the following diseases:
- anomalies in the development of the cardiovascular system,
- chronic kidney or liver disease
- anemia, etc.
105 heart beats at a rate of 80 at rest is a serious reason to send a teenager to a specialist. Against the background of impaired blood circulation, the child may experience dizziness, headache, shortness of breath or tremors in the limbs.
First aid with increased heart rate
First of all, you do not need to panic, so as not to aggravate this condition. Before drinking the medicine, it is advisable to lie down with raised legs in a well-ventilated room, take a deep breath and straining to cough out on the exhale. If the condition has not returned to normal after a 10-15 minute rest, then call an ambulance.
Before the arrival of paramedics, you can reduce the high pulse in the following ways:
- take tincture of valerian or corvalol,
- with medium force, press your fingers on the closed eyeballs for 30 seconds,
- induce a gag reflex by pressing on the root of the tongue,
- massage the sides of the neck where the carotid arteries are located.
If the teenager’s pulse is too fast, then it is recommended to take one Anaprilin tablet at a dosage of 20 mg. Other drugs should not be taken without consulting a doctor!
What to do if a child faints at a high heart rate?
It is necessary to quickly wash his face with cool water or apply ice cubes wrapped in a towel to his forehead. After unbuttoning the embarrassing clothing, provide fresh air and give a sniff of ammonia.
High pulse treatment
The main task of the doctor is to find and eliminate the cause of the unwanted symptom. The choice of a specific therapy method depends on the patient’s age, the frequency of the increase in heart rate, his general health and blood pressure at the time of the heart attack. For mild disorders, experts prescribe sedatives and recommend the normalization of sleep and rest.
The following drugs have proven to be good for reducing high heart rate:
- tincture of motherwort or valerian,
Alternative medicine suggests eating rosehip decoction, honey and black currant.
If such treatment does not help, then a course of electrical impulse therapy is required. The technique allows you to act only on the heart and not to affect other organs. It is performed under intravenous anesthesia with short-acting surface drugs. After the procedure, the patient is taken to the ward for awakening and is kept to strict bed rest for 2-3 days. During this period, he is given antiarrhythmic drugs and drugs that improve metabolic processes in the myocardium.
How to prevent a pathological increase in heart rate?
If you thoroughly study the causes of the appearance of a rapid heartbeat, then preventive measures should be aimed primarily at the formation of a certain way of life. First, you need to exclude all provocateurs: bad habits, salty foods, unwanted stress, excess weight. Proper nutrition, consisting of fruits and vegetables, sea fish, assorted cereals and lean beef, plays an important role.
An active lifestyle is an integral part of health. Regular moderate exercise allows you to train blood vessels, preventing the accumulation of cholesterol deposits. Exercise strengthens the heart muscle, improves blood circulation, and increases endurance throughout the body.
But proper sleep can prevent many diseases. Achieving normal blood pressure in a teenager is possible only with the help of eight hours of night rest. If the body is chronically lack of sleep, then not only the rapid heart rate, but also other more serious problems may occur.
Rapid normalization of a high pulse occurs only if the diagnosis and treatment of the pathological condition is started on time. See your doctor as early as possible to avoid starting the disease. Remember that in difficult situations, even death is possible.
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