If the heart beats hard, it can be caused by a lack of oxygen and due to a number of reasons that are not related to diseases:
- physically demanding work;
- strong feelings (positive, negative): fear, joy, excitement;
- playing sports;
- long stay in a stuffy room.
If this happens all the time, perhaps the person has some kind of pathology.
The diseases causing this deviation can be the following:
- Hypertension, ischemia, heart defects (from birth, acquired).
- Thyroid problems, menopause.
- Inflammation in the body.
- Malignant tumor.
- Failures in the functioning of the autonomic system.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Persistent stress causing sleep problems.
- The presence of bad habits: alcoholism, smoking.
Late treatment to a specialist with these diseases can cause severe deterioration in the condition of the body and the progression of the disease.
If the pain is not associated with disease, complications are unlikely to occur. If they are caused by heart disease, the following complications may occur:
- Periodic fainting caused by sudden changes in pressure. Often this happens in people with congenital heart defects or malfunctioning heart valves.
- Arrhythmia (decreased effectiveness of cardiac functionality).
- Stroke. The rapid heartbeat causes a deviation in the functioning of the upper heart chambers, as a result of which the blood stagnates, forming blood clots.
- Heart failure. It is expressed in ongoing atrial fibrillation caused by arrhythmia.
- Myocarditis Inflammation of the heart muscles. It is difficult to diagnose this disease, therefore, to detect it in a person who has not previously consumed alcohol, you need to collect an anamnesis. If the disease is long-term, swelling may occur.
- Heart attack. Often stresses cause an adrenaline rush due to vasospasm, which is why the access of oxygen and blood to the heart is blocked. If after prolonged stress the body loses its ability to adapt quickly, sooner or later a heart attack can occur.
The main thing that should be remembered is for people who are concerned about a strong heartbeat: you can not self-medicate. This can cause additional complications and problems with the functioning of the body.
First of all, you need to fully check the body. To do this, you must register for an ECG with twenty-four hour monitoring, which will record the patient’s heartbeat continuously for a day. After this, tachycardia is done along with a general blood test.
When identifying causes with the heart in the physiological sphere, the doctor does not prescribe medication. Often, psychological help and some sedative medications are needed here.
When identifying causes with the heart due to pathologies, the doctor prescribes home or inpatient treatment. If the patient is at home, the doctor strictly monitors him.
The normal heart rate of an adult is 60-80 beats every minute. Heart palpitations may be a sign of tachycardia. But often the reasons relate to the physiological sphere. Therefore, if you have heart problems, you should immediately contact a cardiologist.
In order not to bring your body and do not seek treatment, it is best to take preventative measures in a timely manner. These include the following:
- abandon negative addictions (the main thing is alcohol, since a hangover is often accompanied by a rapid heartbeat);
- increase physical activity (morning exercises, evening exercises);
- focus less on bad news, focusing on the good;
- sleep at night for eight hours.
Compliance with these requirements will significantly reduce the risk of problems with the cardiovascular system in the future.
Heart palpitations are a problem for many people. Most often, the heart beats quickly with tachycardia.
When a person is preparing for bed or has already gone to bed, then, in principle, there is no reason for a rapid heartbeat. This means that a person is not alarmed, does not worry about anything and is not in a stressful situation. Normally, in a person in a dream, the pulse should be approximately 60-80 beats per minute.
So, the causes of a strong and rapid heartbeat in this case may be:
- Stress state
- Emotions, both good and bad
- Previously drunk coffee or energy
- Allergic reaction to medicines or side effect.
- Colds accompanied by fever
- Poor air circulation in the room
- Diseases of the heart and endocrine system
Heart beats when you sleep
As you can see, there are a lot of reasons and most of them are very serious. Such a state of a person leads to even greater stress, can cause a number of other equally serious diseases and is expressed in insomnia and anxiety.
- In order to start treating or eliminating this problem, you first need to understand what specifically causes a heart palpitations.
- It is important to be very careful about your health. Try to remember the first time you encountered a similar problem, which was the day before. If this condition has haunted you for a long time, immediately consult a doctor. After all, this symptom can indicate a serious illness.
- If a rapid heartbeat occurs against a background of stress, unpleasant sleep, a previously experienced emotional outburst, then usual sedative drugs can help. It can be valerian or motherwort. You can also wash yourself with cold water and ventilate the room. Controlling your breathing also helps: try to take a deep, slow breath, and then exhale sharply, do this exercise several times.
The causes of this phenomenon may be different. Tachycardia is physiological – the body’s response to irritating factors, and pathological – a manifestation of the disease.
Young boys and girls periodically turn to a therapist with complaints of a high pulse. Their attacks are accompanied by vegetative reactions: sweating, pallor, increased pressure, sharp pain in the chest, panic attack with fear of death. Despite the pronounced clinical picture, after a comprehensive examination, pathology is not detected.
Such patients are given a mythical diagnosis of VVD and are recommended to take Anaprilin during an attack. The reason for this condition is a violation of the autonomic nervous system. Classes with a psychotherapist help in this situation better than droppers in a hospital. Why? The answer is in the video at the link below.
The pathological causes of heart palpitations (tachycardia) are congenital or acquired diseases of the heart or other organs. These include: rheumatism, myocarditis, heart attack, developmental abnormalities, thyrotoxicosis, anemia, neurosis and others. Heart rate patients may be aware of any of these problems. In such a situation, you need to consult with a cardiologist about possible ways to eliminate tachycardia in your particular case.
“Sleep is the kingdom of vagus” is the law of physiology. Activation of the vagus nerve through a complex neurohumoral mechanism causes a decrease in heart rate, respiration, and a decrease in blood pressure. In the early morning hours, vagus activity decreases, and the sympathetic nervous system enters the game. Stress hormones (adrenaline, cortisol) enter the bloodstream, which leads to an increase in heart rate.
In addition, a sharp rise from bed can also cause tachycardia: after a long stay in a horizontal position, the baroreceptors do not have time to adapt to the vertical position of the body. The total vascular resistance, pressure decreases, the return of blood to the heart decreases, which, by the feedback mechanism, predisposes to the occurrence of tachycardia.
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- Night tachycardia
- Causes of Tachycardia
- Symptoms of a tachycardia attack
- Features of the floors
- Diagnosis of tachycardia
- Doctor’s advice: check-up for suspected tachycardia
- Clinical case
- How many beats per minute should a heart beat in a healthy person?
- Folk remedies
- Prevention of tachycardia (high heart rate)
- First aid for tachycardia at home
- First aid
- What makes you feel like your heart is beating in your throat?
At night, the pulse should normally decrease, but it does not always happen as it should. The use of psychostimulants, the use of CNS stimulating drinks (wine, strong tea, coffee), watching a horror movie, neurosis, smoking, insomnia – all this can cause a frequent heartbeat rhythm. Therefore, sleep hygiene is so important, it is not recommended to drink coffee and tea after 16 hours. In addition, you need to learn how to cope with stress so that negative emotions do not cause increased heart rate.
The cause of nocturnal tachycardia may be apnea syndrome (short-term respiratory arrest) in a dream. It is observed in individuals with abdominal obesity, hypertension and snoring. The occurrence of apnea can provoke various rhythm disturbances: from blockade with pauses of asystole to atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.
The situation, which should make an appointment for a consultation with a doctor, is a constant pulse of more than 90 per minute at rest. Such tachycardia is almost always a symptom of a disease, and not necessarily of the cardiovascular system.
Chronic inflammatory disease, anemia or iron deficiency, thyroid disease, physical untraining are the most common causes, the elimination of which will lead to normalization of the pulse.
Tachycardia can develop against the background of an acute infectious process: chills, an increase in body temperature by 1 degree increases heart rate by an average of 10 beats per minute. The use of adrenergic agonists (for example, with asthma or glaucoma), an overdose of digoxin, hypoxia (chronic and acute) also affect heart rate.
Tachycardia therapy includes 2 goals:
- tactical – to stop an attack;
- strategic – to prevent relapse.
Causes of Tachycardia
When the heartbeat quickens, organs and muscles better distill the blood, more oxygen becomes in the body. Through oxygen and sugar, muscles gain energy.
With fear and excitement, it is also normal that the heart beats faster. The body tends to run or fight – both work better if the muscles are well fed with oxygen.
In addition, tachycardia can occur against the background of atrial fibrillation of the heart. Typical causes of this form of cardiac arrhythmia are:
- heart diseases such as coronary heart disease, heart disease, heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy), high blood pressure (hypertension);
- potassium deficiency;
- infections (e.g. pneumonia);
- chest injuries;
- autonomic disorders.
Other possible reasons why the heart beats fast-fast:
- anemia (anemia);
- low blood sugar;
- pulmonary embolism;
- severe allergic reaction (anaphylactic shock);
- diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
- endocrine diseases;
- blood poisoning (sepsis).
Symptoms of a tachycardia attack
Tachycardia manifests itself in different ways; clinical symptoms depend on age, concomitant diseases. A rapid heartbeat may be accompanied by a feeling of discomfort in the chest, a drop in blood pressure, and weakness. Perhaps a feeling of lack of air, dizziness, darkening in the eyes, fainting. A patient with angina pectoris develops pain behind the sternum as a result of the developed imbalance between the increased demand for oxygen in the heart and a decrease in O2 delivery. In people with heart disease, a tachycardia attack is accompanied by a sharp increase in shortness of breath.
Features of the floors
There are no special differences between the manifestations of tachycardia in men and women, except for vegetative reactions and emotional coloring.
The heart beats and bubbles in the throat, throws into a fever, severe sweating, trembling in the body – the signs of tachycardia in women are so clearly described. They are more likely than men to have chronic non-paroxysmal sinus tachycardia – a disease when the heart rate does not match the level of physical activity or emotional stress. A possible mechanism for its development is considered an anomaly of the sinus node or increased automatism of the heart.
Postural orthostatic tachycardia is also predominantly characteristic of women. It is accompanied by an inadequate increase in heart rate with a change in body position from horizontal to vertical.
A tachycardia attack is considered a condition in which the heart rate reaches 120-140 beats per minute and has a steady upward trend. In some cases, you can relieve an attack of tachycardia on your own, at home, with the help of pharmacy drugs or traditional medicine. However, with pronounced symptoms and critical readings of the tonometer, it is urgent to call an emergency team.
The severity of the clinical picture largely depends on the main cause of the attack and its duration. If paroxysm was caused by external conditions, then when the provoking factor is eliminated, it disappears in a few minutes. At the same time, a person does not have time to feel what happens during an attack caused by organic lesions of the heart muscle, although the primary symptoms may be the same in both cases. Signs of a tachycardia attack include the following conditions and sensations:
- darkening in the eyes, blurred vision;
- nausea, rarely vomiting;
- feeling of own heartbeat;
- shallow breathing;
- drawing or scratching pain behind the sternum;
- fainting conditions;
- increased sweating;
- panic attacks;
- trembling limbs;
- loss of consciousness;
- pulsation of the cervical vessels.
Some of these symptoms can manifest themselves especially severely, which confuses the person and causes emotional shock, as the self-preservation instinct is turned on. At this moment, the patient or his close circle needs to be aware of what has happened as soon as possible, call an ambulance and try to ease the manifestations of the attack before the paramedics arrive. To do this, you need to know what to do with an attack of tachycardia and what drugs can be used.
If these symptoms are found, you should immediately consult a doctor. Lack of timely treatment, or self-selection of drugs can worsen the situation.
In addition to a strong heartbeat, a person may experience the following symptoms:
- numbness of the upper and lower extremities, which may appear after a heavy load, sleep, rest;
- heaviness in the sternum, causing sleep problems, as well as asthmatic attacks, which make it difficult for a person to breathe;
- severe headache that does not stop even when taking medications.
Of course, all of the above symptoms can indicate a disease previously described by us – tachycardia. Why does this ailment appear, how does it manifest and what to do with it, you already know. However, it is worth saying that in the presence of impaired respiratory function, we can talk about other diseases.
- Very often, symptoms such as heart pain, heart palpitations, difficulty breathing can indicate heart failure.
- In heart failure, the heart cannot provide the body with the necessary amount of oxygen and, as you know, “oxygen starvation” begins.
- In a calm state, a person can feel absolutely normal and satisfactory, however, in a stressful situation or during emotional and physical exertion, the heartbeat becomes more frequent, shortness of breath and pain in the heart appear.
Heart beats hard
- In such a situation, a person needs to provide peace and fresh air. The patient should relax and try to calm down. Breathing should be very deep and smooth on inhalation, and on exhale, on the contrary, sharp.
- You can drink valocordin or Corvalol.
- Also, tachycardia and shortness of breath can indicate a stroke and a heart attack. In this case, pain in the heart, chest, and dizziness may still appear. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The disease has its own characteristic manifestations, among which the following are most often noted:
- If a person has trembling fingers at the time of the attack with his arms extended forward, then this symptom may indicate that he took a large number of medications or, independently, without consulting a doctor, started taking a medication that does not suit him.
- With tachycardia, which manifests itself quite often, a sharp loss of body weight can be observed. In this case, the reason may be associated with the use of hormonal drugs, as well as drugs that suppress appetite.
- During an attack of tachycardia, severe sweating can be observed, then the most likely reason is that the patient took a large dose of caffeine.
- With tachycardia, nervousness can be observed, in this case it provokes smoking, physical activity.
Tachycardia can be caused by stress, excessive drinking, insomnia, and overwork.
Pathology may indicate that a person has serious health problems, such as:
- inflammatory process affecting the heart muscle;
- high blood pressure;
- disorders of the thyroid gland;
- decrease in sugar level.
But in order to accurately say what to take with tachycardia, it is necessary to seek the help of a doctor so that he finds out the exact cause of this condition and prescribes the correct therapy. But at the time of the attack, you can help a person yourself.
Diagnosis of tachycardia
Anyone who has a heart palpitations or tachycardia for a long time should consult a doctor. This will help determine if the symptoms have harmless causes or if it is a serious cardiac arrhythmia that needs treatment.
In the process of diagnosis, a full examination of the body is carried out, during which the state of the cardiovascular system, internal organs, thyroid gland and nervous system are checked. Additionally, a general blood and urine test is taken.
To determine the causes of heart palpitations, the following additional examinations are prescribed:
- ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography);
- ECG of various types;
- chest x-ray;
- measuring blood (arterial) pressure.
The so-called electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the important examination methods. An ECG will provide information on the state of the heart. The doctor inserts several electrodes in the chest area that measure and record cardiac currents. This allows the doctor to find out if the patient’s heart rhythm is regular or, for example, chaotic.
Since many patients only occasionally have cardiac arrhythmia, a long-term ECG with monitoring of indicators for 24 or 48 hours may be required. For this, the patient receives a small ECG device, which he must carry with him for a day or two.
Any first-time attack of tachycardia that negatively affects well-being is an occasion to consult a doctor! And the more clearly expressed clinical manifestations, the sooner you need to consult. If during paroxysm a person faints, it is necessary to immediately call an ambulance and conduct an electric cardioversion (effect on the heart with a pulsed current discharge).
Doctor’s advice: check-up for suspected tachycardia
To establish the correct diagnosis, the following studies and analyzes are necessary:
- electrocardiogram – at rest and at the time of a rapid heartbeat;
- Ultrasound of the heart – data on the structural structure and valve apparatus;
- daily monitoring of ECG;
- transesophageal EFI (PEFEI);
- general blood test – will give information about the presence of anemia and / or inflammation;
- blood test for thyroid hormones and TSH;
- consultation with an ENT doctor (if history of frequent sore throat) and a dentist (caries) to identify and treat foci of chronic infection.
This is the minimum of research that will help establish the cause of tachycardia, its nature and type, or will allow you to choose a further diagnostic direction. Often, a doctor needs to seek help from fellow arrhythmologists who are able to determine the area with pathological impulses using modern instrumental methods. After its localization becomes known, it is possible to solve the problem of minimally invasive destruction of the focus.
If heart palpitations are the result of the course of chronic tonsillitis, then, eliminating the cause (by performing surgical removal of the tonsils), you can forget about the heart problem. Similar patients have complaints of pain in the heart. Why with sore throat there is discomfort in the chest and how to act – read here.
If during the study, a change in the levels of thyroid hormones is detected, or pheochromocytoma is suspected, then the endocrinologist will deal with the treatment of such a patient. It is worth noting that in clinical practice, the first symptom of thyrotoxicosis is paroxysm of atrial fibrillation. Therefore, all patients with the first occurrence of atrial fibrillation must determine the concentration of thyroid hormones in the blood.
Observation of a person with tachycardia primarily involves monitoring by a specialist who treats the underlying disease. It is a competent approach to the pathology-cause of arrhythmia that will help get rid of unpleasant symptoms and minimize the consumption of drugs.
In my practice, there was a case with a sinus tachycardia in a pregnant woman. The woman constantly felt a frequent heartbeat, which was an adaptive reaction of the body: pressure decreased, heart rate increased; but the patient also had anemia. After correcting the hemoglobin level with iron preparations, her health improved, and she felt a palpitations. Although at first the woman was genuinely surprised when she was not prescribed drugs to slow her heart rate!
Depending on the localization of the source of excitation, tachycardia is divided into supraventricular and ventricular.
The first occur in the structures of the heart to the level of branching of the bundle of the His bundle: in the atria, AV node, in additional pathways. The source of the second nucleation are the His bundle, Purkinje fibers, ventricular myocardium.
By the nature of the course, paroxysmal and non-paroxysmal types of pathology are distinguished.
By the mechanism of occurrence – reciprocal, ectopic, with trigger activity and so on.
Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias is a difficult and responsible task. In particular, when it comes to tachycardia with wide QRS complexes on the ECG. This may be a ventricular rhythm disturbance or tachycardia with the participation of DPP (additional pathways).
Ventricular tachycardia has an unfavorable prognosis and occurs as a result of damage to the heart muscle. In contrast, arrhythmia involving DPP appears in a person without a rough structural pathology of the heart.
To clarify the type of tachycardia, an ECG with intrathoracic lead should be recorded or transesophageal electrophysiological examination should be performed. However, in real clinical practice, such an opportunity is rarely provided, and in these situations, the doctor is guided by the following rule: to assess the condition as the most dangerous for human health and life and begin appropriate treatment.
How many beats per minute should a heart beat in a healthy person?
When tachycardia is the result of arousal or exertion, there is usually no need for therapy. If the problem is the cause of the disease, only the doctor knows how to treat it: mainly cardiac arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation, can be treated with antiarrhythmic drugs (Lidocaine, Difenin, Mexiletine, etc.).
Hypertension-treated tachycardia is treated with ACE inhibitor drugs and beta-blockers. In addition, people with high blood pressure and coronary heart disease can help themselves. You should
- no smoking;
- avoid overweight and, if necessary, lose weight;
- move more;
- eat healthy food.
If heart palpitations are the result of hyperthyroidism, the main drugs in its treatment are antithyroid drugs. If an overdose provoked tachycardia with high doses of levothyroxine, the doctor will adjust the dosage.
In cases of stress or mental stress, relaxing exercises such as progressive muscle relaxation can help.
You can calm your heartbeat at home. Experts recommend taking the following steps for tachycardia:
- calm down. No matter how difficult it is, at the time of the attack, it is important to pack up and not allow the nerves to prevail;
- stop any activity immediately. It is better to sit down or even lie down, but the main thing is to bring the body to a state of rest;
- if at hand there are sedatives give them: as a sedative motherwort, valerian, validol, corvalol will suit;
- give the patient more fresh air. To do this, you can open windows, doors, bring the patient to the street.
In most cases, heart palpitations or tachycardia – tells the body that you need to rest. Perhaps you should take a vacation or a day off for a while.
To cure tachycardia, you can do without medications. It is medications or intolerance of some of the components that make up the composition and sometimes leads to tachycardia or an increased pulse, and therefore you should not give up folk remedies.
Some of the most popular recipes include:
- A decoction of hawthorn or motherwort. Ingredients (20 drops each) must be poured with warm water (200 ml), stirred and drunk;
- Herbal fees. You can choose any combination of herbs that have calming properties (motherwort, valerian root), take 1 spoon each, pour them with a liter of boiling water. For preventive purposes, only one glass per day is enough, which is best divided into several doses throughout the day;
- Sandy immortelle. Only 15 g of this plant is enough, which you need to fill in with a glass (200 ml) of boiling water, then leave to infuse for 1 hour. Half a glass 2 times a day will be enough to treat tachycardia;
- Massage of the little fingers. If the attack took you by surprise, you can massage your little fingers, and pay special attention to the area near the nail.
It is important to note that before using the above decoctions, you need to undergo an examination. With allergies and other disorders, some of them may be contraindicated, and, therefore, can lead to a worsening of the patient’s condition.
Tachycardia prevention tips:
- do not smoke, do not use nicotine;
- abstain from alcohol or consume it in moderation;
- find balance in stressful everyday life. Regular relaxation exercises (progressive muscle relaxation), a relaxing hobby;
- adhere to a certain regime of the day, sleep at least 8 hours a day, go to bed at the same time.
For preventive purposes, it is recommended to undergo examinations several times a year. Also, you should regularly check your own heart rate and pressure, even if the examination did not reveal any pathologies.
It is important to remember about water, every day you need to drink 2 liters of water. This is necessary to improve blood circulation and get rid of toxins that are present in the body.
A certain number of heart beats per minute is called a pulse. So, at rest, in a healthy person, the pulse is approximately 60-80 beats per minute.
- It is very important to know that the pulse is measured only in a calm environment. This refers to the case when you want to know how many beats per minute the heart produces, with your well-being.
- The pulse, by the way, cannot be the same all the time. It is always different and depends on many factors. Here, the temperature and humidity, pressure, and a number of internal factors play a role: feelings, a sharp change in mood.
- If we talk about babies, then their pulse is significantly different. In newborn babies, the pulse reaches 130-140 beats per minute, and this phenomenon is absolutely normal. In children aged 6-7 years, the pulse is reduced to about 100 beats per minute. The heart rate, as in an adult, appears at the age of 15-18 years.
- Malfunctions in the operation of our “motor” can be expressed in the form of arrhythmia, tachycardia and bradycardia.
- Arrhythmia is a disease in which the heart rhythm is unstable, that is, the heart beats, sometimes less often. Tachycardia is characterized by an increased heart rate, but bradycardia, on the contrary, is reduced.
- For any of the deviations, a visit to the doctor is mandatory.
During normal heart function, we almost don’t feel it, or at least we don’t pay any attention to its beats. However, there are times when it is simply impossible to not feel the work of our “motor”. It happens so when the heart begins to beat “in the throat”. Indeed, sometimes a person can very clearly feel the heartbeat in this place, let’s see why and when this happens.
- The most harmless reason for this phenomenon is an increased physical load on the body. Very often, we feel the pulse in the throat after running, squats and push-ups, that is, when the body is under intense stress. At the same time, blood pressure can also increase, which leads to ringing, tinnitus, dizziness.
- A heartbeat in the throat can also be felt after drinking coffee, alcohol or cigarettes. Coffee, cigarettes, and alcohol are, in principle, considered irritants. The substances contained in their composition negatively affect the work of the heart muscle, causing it to contract even faster.
- Stress, panic attacks make the heart beat much faster than normal. A state of panic attack can be accompanied by suffocation, dizziness, nausea and even vomiting, a feeling of heaviness in the throat and chest.
- A throat-giving heart can be a symptom of a serious illness – anemia. With anemia, this disease is also called, the body, its cells and tissues do not receive the necessary amount of oxygen, which leads to “oxygen starvation.”
- Inflammation of the heart muscle is another cause of a “heart in the throat.” This disease manifests itself as shortness of breath, tachycardia and even an increase in the liver and heart.
- Also, the heart may beat in the throat due to heart defects. Defects can be both congenital and acquired. Signs of heart defects include weakness, shortness of breath, enlargement of the heart and its departments, painful sensation in the heart.
- Another heart is felt in the throat during moments of great excitement, sudden stress and a number of neurological problems. And such a heartbeat manifests itself not only in that it gives into the throat, but also in dizziness, inability to swallow saliva, as if “a lump in the throat”, numbness of the extremities, impaired respiratory function, heaviness in the chest upon inhalation.
- If you feel that your heart is beating in your throat, but at the same time you exclude the possibility of overwork, the day before you did not exercise or are under stress, then you need to see a doctor. After a full examination, the specialist will establish the cause of this phenomenon and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Most people are faced with the fact that with excitement, the heart literally “jumps out” of the chest. Also, cases are not uncommon when the heart reacts very violently to alcohol and makes itself felt not only while drinking alcohol, but also after, during the so-called hangover. Why is this happening?
- Excitement, as a rule, is always accompanied by a change in the state of the body. Someone is less prone to excitement and experience, someone more and excitement manifests itself in all different ways. Someone’s hands are shaking and hands are sweating, someone is suffering from a “squeezed” throat, which makes it difficult to speak, and someone’s heart begins to beat very quickly.
- Sometimes this is an absolutely normal reaction of the body to a stressful situation, but sometimes a rapid heartbeat in situations atypical for a person can indicate the presence of various diseases. This may be vegetative-vascular dystonia, which is characterized by rapid heartbeat, sweating, anxiety, fatigue, instability of blood pressure, and other diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as endocrine, nervous.
- It is very important to pay attention to the nature of the heartbeat, and in fact, the frequency. If, after the source of excitement disappears, the heart quickly recovers, if the pulse does not increase very rapidly, then this is a completely normal reaction of the body.
Heartbeat during excitement
- Now let’s move on to alcohol. The condition of a person who is intoxicated varies significantly. The work of the heart does not stand aside. Alcohol, acting on the tissues of the heart, changes the work of our “motor”. Blood pressure at these moments, as a rule, rises, and quite sharply, the pulse quickens, and this in turn leads to impaired blood circulation.
- Small vessels sometimes even burst, and the heart, of course, experiences “oxygen starvation”. The systematic intake of alcohol clearly affects the heart muscle, it becomes flabby and inelastic. Alcoholic tachycardia very depletes the heart and expends its resources completely for other purposes.
- If we are talking about rare cases of alcohol consumption and if the pulse does not exceed 90 beats per minute, and your condition is generally satisfactory, then you should not worry. If others are added to these symptoms – dizziness, loss of consciousness, vomiting, nausea, then ambulance can definitely not be dispensed with.
- With a hangover, the heart can beat faster in cases where there are any diseases. Because in a completely healthy person, even with a strong hangover, the heart “does not jump out.”
Heart beating with excitement
Prevention of tachycardia (high heart rate)
- Reduce the amount of coffee and tea in the diet. Instead of coffee, chicory is great.
- Refuse cigarettes and alcohol.
- Limit the intake of salty and fatty foods, as they negatively affect the cardiovascular system.
- Go in for sports, but do not overdo it with the amount of physical activity. Cardio exercises and walking are suitable for strengthening the heart muscle.
- Get rid of excess weight by eating proper nutrition.
- Try to reduce the number of stressful situations, take soothing herbal infusions.
If a pulse of 100-150 beats per minute caught you by surprise, you can try to do the following:
- You need to try to calm down, remove your excitement. It is clear that it is more difficult to do this than saying that it is necessary, but try to calm your body as much as possible.
- Open the windows in the room or door. The main thing is to find a source of fresh air.
- Lie on the bed or sit down. Stop any activity, sports especially.
- You can drink validol, corvalol or valerian.
- Valerian can be drunk in drops, and make a decoction of it. For this you need 2-3 tbsp. l valerian and 200-300 g of boiling water. Pour boiling water over the ingredient, let it brew, and then drink 50-70 ml 3 times a day.
- A decoction of hawthorn or motherwort will also help calm the heart. Pour the necessary ingredients with boiling water and leave for 2-3 hours, and then drink in small portions 2-3 times a day. For a decoction of 300 ml of water you need 3-4 tbsp. l ingredient.
- It is also advised to massage the right carotid artery. However, such a massage should be done correctly and in the right place, so it is best to consult a doctor about this.
- You can also resort to massage the little fingers. To do this, pay attention to the area of the finger at the nail.
- Exclude the use of coffee and energy. This may contribute to the fact that you are faced with tachycardia.
- Remember, the heart reacts very sensitively to all changes in your body, so sometimes a fast heartbeat is nothing more than a signal from your body that you need to rest. Therefore, in such a situation, put off even the most important things and just spend the day without worries: get enough sleep, lie in bed, watch your favorite films and give your body time to recover.
As you can see, heart palpitations can be either a sign of a serious illness or a normal reaction of the body to stress and emotions. It is very important in such situations to assess all risks soundly and objectively assess the state of health. If you find it difficult to independently determine the severity of your problem, consult a doctor immediately.
You may find these articles helpful.
- How and how to strengthen the heart: advice from a cardiologist
- Heartache in an adult, in a teenager, from experiences: what to do, first aid
- How much do you need to walk per day to improve health, exercise your heart, spine, to lose weight
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First aid for tachycardia at home
If a person has an increase in heart rate – more than 90 beats per minute, then you should definitely call a doctor. But until he arrives, you can help the patient cope with tachycardia in order to prevent complications.
First of all, you need to lay a person on the bed and provide him with complete rest. If the attack repeats, then you can do some useful exercises:
- you need to take a deeper breath, hold your breath and try so that the air gets as deep as possible into the lungs;
- put pressure on the eyeballs as much as possible (within reason), relieve pressure and continue to alternate for several minutes;
- draw cold water into the basin, lower the face into it, and, as a rule, after such a manipulation the pulse returns to normal;
- if the attack has just begun, it is not necessary to immediately look for what to take with tachycardia, you can just cough hard or induce vomiting;
- breathing exercises also help to stop the attack very well: it is necessary to inhale deeply and slowly, and then quickly exhale, and so on for about 10 minutes;
- you can take “Valocordin” and “Corvalol” – these are drugs for tachycardia, which will help bring the pulse back to normal.
Tachycardia at normal pressure or low is also a common occurrence. A patient with low blood pressure can only be helped if the root cause is clarified. So, for example, tachycardia at low pressure can be triggered by dehydration, in this case it is better to give the patient water.
If this condition is caused by blood loss, then the problem can be solved by transfusion.
If the pressure has dropped due to taking medications, then they need to be urgently canceled.
If a similar condition is provoked by a mild form of thrombosis, then the treatment is carried out with special drugs prescribed by the doctor, and they are administered intravenously. It could be Coumadin.
There are cases when tachycardia is combined with low blood pressure, for example, if the patient has previously been diagnosed with VVD (vegetovascular dystonia). Rapid heart rate can also occur against hypotension caused by various types of poisoning, clogged vessels or shock conditions. All this must be considered before taking antiarrhythmic drugs before the arrival of an ambulance, since some pills can only aggravate the situation by lowering blood pressure to a critical state.
Tachycardia in itself causes hypotension due to oxygen starvation of tissues of all organs, including the brain. If at the same time the pressure drops, the heart does not have enough strength to push the blood in the right volume, as a result it can lead to a heart attack and respiratory arrest. The risk of such an outcome increases many times at night, when the patient is in the stage of deep sleep. The causes of tachycardia attacks are different, and therefore, special care must be taken when taking actions not agreed with the doctor.
Folk prescriptions of medicines for this disease are best suited as prophylaxis, but many of them stop heart attacks well and quickly due to physiological causes. It is also important to remember that it is reasonable to take home healing preparations with increasing tachycardia, and not in a critical condition, bordering on life and death.
In some cases, certain sequential actions are enough to stop the rapid pulse rate and bring the heart rate back to normal. If you know how to relieve an attack of tachycardia with the help of special techniques, you can avoid serious consequences.
First aid is the following algorithm of actions aimed at stopping the attack and restoring sinus rhythm:
The patient must be la >
In the process of performing these actions, you need to call an ambulance. Even if there is no trace of the attack by the arrival of the doctors, they will carry out the diagnosis by making an electrocardiogram. With the results obtained by hand, you need to visit a cardiologist in the near future, who will prescribe treatment and advise on the most suitable drugs in case of relapse.
Medications that slow your heart rate include:
- “Cordaron.” Being a blocker of three groups of channels at once (calcium, sodium and potassium), it has a rap This antiarrhythmic drug is prescribed for supraventricular tachycardia, but, like most medicines, has contraindications for use, which are sinus bradycardia, heart block of the second and third degree, bronchial asthma).
Sometimes the responsibility for the outcome of a heart attack rests not so much with the doctors, but with people who are nearby at a critical moment. Therefore, it is important to remember that you cannot indiscriminately give the victim any drugs that are in his or someone else’s medicine cabinet. A sudden attack of tachycardia can also occur in a child, for example, with congenital heart defects, poisoning or shock conditions.
But immediately requiring him to take these drugs is unacceptable even in minimal doses, this can cause serious complications or even death. With severe arrhythmias in children, you should immediately contact an ambulance and, waiting for her arrival, do everything possible to alleviate the condition and even out the heart rhythm.
How can I relieve an attack of tachycardia at home without the use of synthetic drugs and other medications? Not every condition requires medical intervention, and those who suffer from the chronic form of the disease know this well. An attack can be removed with the help of home tinctures, infusions and decoctions, which not only equalize the heart rhythm, but also beneficially affect the body as a whole.
|Название продукта||Method of preparation||Dosage and recommendations for use|
|Rosehip infusion||Two tablespoons of washed fruit pour 300 ml of boiling water and cool to room temperature.||A glass can be divided into two doses, 150 ml per day or a single drink at an increased heart rate.|
|Chamomile tea||Put a handful of dried plant flowers in a teapot and let stand for 15-20 minutes.||Use with an increased heart rate in small sips.|
|Peppermint tincture||Take homemade or bought in the pharmacy tincture of mint, add 10 drops to a glass of cool water.||This tool helps with tachycardia and relieves nausea. It should be drunk slowly, not more than twice a day.|
|A decoction of fruits and leaves of medicinal herbs||It is necessary to take motherwort leaves, add to them 0,5 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed hawthorn and rose hips and brew the mixture along with a pinch of green tea.||Half a glass 3 times a day.|
|Cornflower infusion||One tablespoon of chopped and dried flowers pour a glass of boiling water. Cool to room temperature before taking.||100 ml no more than three times a day.|
|Mint and lemon balm tea||Put fresh mint and lemon balm leaves in a teapot, pour boiling water over it and let stand for 20 minutes.||You can drink tea throughout the day in small portions.|
|Infusion of valerian||15 g of crushed roots of the plant pour 250 ml of boiled cool water and leave for 24 hours, covered with a lid.||One tablespoon 3-4 times a day before meals.|
|Hop cones infusion||Mix 75 grams of cones with 100 grams of peppermint and add one tablespoon of the mixture to a thermos, pour 300 ml of boiling water over it. Infuse the drink for at least 45 minutes, then strain.||This tool has a fairly powerful effect and quickly lowers the heart rate, and then the intake is limited to 50 grams at a time. Use no more than four times a day.|
|Berry balm||Mix 500 g of fresh rose hips and cranberries with 1 kg of hawthorn and 1 kg of viburnum. Pour all this into a large pot, add 3 small mugs of honey and sugar, then pour 40% vodka so that the contents are completely immersed in it. The term of infusion is 21 days.||30 ml three times a day. It is not recommended for use in bradycardia and heart block, but it is well suited for people suffering from tachycardia against a background of arterial hypertension.|
|Healing balm||Grind half a kilogram of fresh lemons, walnuts and dried apricots in a food processor, add 0,5 linden honey and pour into a separate jar with a lid.||One tablespoon daily.|
|Clover tincture||Fill a half-liter bottle with fresh clover flowers and fill them with vodka. Close the lid and remove to insist in the cabinet for at least three and a half weeks.||Dosage must be discussed with your doctor, but you need to start with 10-15 drops in 1/3 cup of water. You can not use tincture more often than once a day, unless the cardiologist gives other recommendations.|
What makes you feel like your heart is beating in your throat?
An increased pulse during pregnancy very often occurs imperceptibly. Therefore, you should pay attention to symptoms such as dizziness, a feeling of lack of air and impulses in the stomach. The main causes of heart palpitations in pregnant women:
- lack of vitamins;
- excessive use of medicines;
- overweight and lack of exercise;
- excess physical activity;
- wrong lifestyle.
Various diseases can increase the heart rate for a long time:
- infectious and purulent diseases;
- heart diseases;
- hormonal problems, thyroid disease;
- high body temperature;
- respiratory diseases.
In this case, you should contact a cardiologist who will conduct an examination and make a diagnosis.
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