Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

The causes of this phenomenon may be different. Tachycardia is physiological – the body’s response to irritating factors, and pathological – a manifestation of the disease.

Young boys and girls periodically turn to a therapist with complaints of a high pulse. Their attacks are accompanied by vegetative reactions: sweating, pallor, increased pressure, sharp pain in the chest, panic attack with fear of death. Despite the pronounced clinical picture, after a comprehensive examination, pathology is not detected.

Such patients are given a mythical diagnosis of VVD and are recommended to take Anaprilin during an attack. The reason for this condition is a violation of the autonomic nervous system. Classes with a psychotherapist help in this situation better than droppers in a hospital. Why? The answer is in the video at the link below.

The pathological causes of heart palpitations (tachycardia) are congenital or acquired diseases of the heart or other organs. These include: rheumatism, myocarditis, heart attack, developmental abnormalities, thyrotoxicosis, anemia, neurosis and others. Heart rate patients may be aware of any of these problems. In such a situation, you need to consult with a cardiologist about possible ways to eliminate tachycardia in your particular case.

“Sleep is the kingdom of vagus” is the law of physiology. Activation of the vagus nerve through a complex neurohumoral mechanism causes a decrease in heart rate, respiration, and a decrease in blood pressure. In the early morning hours, vagus activity decreases, and the sympathetic nervous system enters the game. Stress hormones (adrenaline, cortisol) enter the bloodstream, which leads to an increase in heart rate.

In addition, a sharp rise from bed can also cause tachycardia: after a long stay in a horizontal position, the baroreceptors do not have time to adapt to the vertical position of the body. The total vascular resistance, pressure decreases, the return of blood to the heart decreases, which, by the feedback mechanism, predisposes to the occurrence of tachycardia.

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Night tachycardia

At night, the pulse should normally decrease, but it does not always happen as it should. The use of psychostimulants, the use of CNS stimulating drinks (wine, strong tea, coffee), watching a horror movie, neurosis, smoking, insomnia – all this can cause a frequent heartbeat rhythm. Therefore, sleep hygiene is so important, it is not recommended to drink coffee and tea after 16 hours. In addition, you need to learn how to cope with stress so that negative emotions do not cause increased heart rate.

The cause of nocturnal tachycardia may be apnea syndrome (short-term respiratory arrest) in a dream. It is observed in individuals with abdominal obesity, hypertension and snoring. The occurrence of apnea can provoke various rhythm disturbances: from blockade with pauses of asystole to atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.

The situation, which should make an appointment for a consultation with a doctor, is a constant pulse of more than 90 per minute at rest. Such tachycardia is almost always a symptom of a disease, and not necessarily of the cardiovascular system.

Chronic inflammatory disease, anemia or iron deficiency, thyroid disease, physical untraining are the most common causes, the elimination of which will lead to normalization of the pulse.

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Tachycardia can develop against the background of an acute infectious process: chills, an increase in body temperature by 1 degree increases heart rate by an average of 10 beats per minute. The use of adrenergic agonists (for example, with asthma or glaucoma), an overdose of digoxin, hypoxia (chronic and acute) also affect heart rate.

Tachycardia therapy includes 2 goals:

    • tactical – to stop an attack;
  • strategic – to prevent relapse.

To stop tachycardia, depending on its type, it is allowed to use pharmacological preparations: ATP, Adenosine, calcium channel blockers (Verapamil), beta-blockers (Metoprolol), antiarrhythmics (Propafenone, Amiodarone, Novocainamide). More information about the drugs that are used for this purpose can be found here.

When paroxysm occurs with unstable hemodynamics (drop in blood pressure) and loss of consciousness, emergency electric cardioversion may be required.

If the patient has confirmed reciprocal tachycardia (AV-nodal, involving additional pathways), then in this situation surgery may be suggested. Performing radiofrequency ablation with destruction of the arrhythmia substrate is productive in 90% of cases.

If surgery is unsuccessful, medication will be required to prevent new attacks. In this case, when choosing a drug, it is necessary to correlate the benefit and the potential risk, since the drugs for the treatment of arrhythmias have a proarrhythmic effect (they can contribute to strengthening the pathology or the emergence of a new form thereof).

Elimination of provoking factors, such as the use of alcohol, strong tea and coffee, the use of certain medications (adrenergic agonists, digitalis), treatment of the disease-cause are necessary components of therapy. Do not forget about stress. When the organic causes of tachycardia are not detected, in the process of talking with the patient, I often establish a connection between his emotional state and the heart symptoms that have arisen.

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There are situations when a convincing and sincere conversation with the patient is not enough, and there is a need for a consultation of a psychotherapist. The modern rhythm of life of many of us can be safely called “stressful.” Stress at work, family problems cause persistent changes in the behavioral mirror of a person. It is they who change the patient’s reaction to ordinary life things, which often leads to tachycardia.

We cannot but mention homeopathy, since there are no less supporters of this trend even after the RAS recognized it as pseudoscience. The use of such drugs is based on the placebo effect and only “helps” a patient with astheno-neurotic syndrome without pathology of internal organs. The consequence of the use of homeopathic remedies in patients with serious rhythm disturbances will be life-threatening arrhythmia. Such a danger can be avoided when prescribing pathogenetic therapy, and not “dummies”.

Symptoms and treatment of tachycardia is an urgent problem of cardiology, which requires a professional approach of specialists with education and experience. In many regions there are centers where arrhythmologists work – doctors who treat electric heart disorders. It is in their power to qualitatively understand the reasons and choose the optimal tactics of conduct.

To find out the reasons for the increased heart rate and heartbeat, you need to know what heart rate values ​​are considered accelerated.

For an adult healthy person, the pulse rate ranges from 50 to 90 beats/minute. So, heart rate above 90 beats is a frequent pulse. The value is considered physiological if it was provoked by external factors and after 10-15 minutes of rest, the pulse returns to normal. This condition should not cause concern.

If the resting heart rate reaches 100 or more strokes, this is a sign of tachycardia, which in certain cases requires treatment.

In addition to the pulse, when assessing a person’s condition, it is necessary to pay attention to such factors as:

  • blood pressure (BP);
  • chronic diseases;
  • human lifestyle;
  • taking certain medications, tonic drugs –

and other conditions under which a rapid pulse is noted. How to reduce accelerated heart rate – this question can be solved only when the reasons for its increase become known for sure.

Traditional medicine involves the use of tachycardia:

  • decoctions of herbs;
  • alcohol nastex using plants, berries, fruits;
  • honey;
  • dried fruits;
  • nuts;
  • pharmacy tinctures;
  • essential oils.
  1. Try to mix equal parts of pharmacy alcohol tinctures of hawthorn, valerian, motherwort.
  2. Add the same amount of corvalol to them.
  3. Shake everything, put in a locker.
  4. Reception twenty minutes before meals, three times a day, 20 drops.

To relieve an attack of tachycardia, you need to make a mixture of essential oils and carry them with you. If necessary, drop a couple of drops on a handkerchief or napkin and breathe. In doing so, take a long breath and short exhale. It is allowed to rub the composition into the region of the heart. To prepare the product, equal parts of the oils are mixed:

If honey is not contraindicated to you, you can use it to treat tachycardia. Prepare a remedy that lasts for two months. Take daily, once. Do it slowly, one serving – 4 tablespoons. To prepare the composition:

  1. Take a kilogram of honey.
  2. Pound 10 heads of garlic.
  3. Add the juice of ten lemons.
  4. Mix in a jar.
  5. Leave for a week under the lid.

To eliminate the rapid heartbeat, take a daily composition, where 100 ml of honey and 2 tablespoons of beef: 3 times a teaspoon. Another effective remedy is mixed 2 tablespoons of honey and half a glass of beet juice. This portion is 2 times, should be drunk during the day. Herbal collection with honey helps with tachycardia. Drink 2 tablespoons of the broth with a spoon of honey, 3 times a day. What to prepare the tool, is required:

  1. Put 2 parts of horsetail.
  2. Add 5 parts of hawthorn.
  3. Supplement with three parts of knotweed.
  4. Pour boiling water over a liter.
  5. Insist half an hour.

Pathological causes

If the pulse reaches 80 beats in a lying position and more than a hundred in a standing position, and the person has not experienced physical or emotional stress in the last five minutes, then he suffers from a very common disease – tachycardia.

Primer plenki s tahikardiej - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

The reasons for the pulse growth at normal pressure values ​​can be both a completely normal reaction of the body to some pathogens, and pathological.

In particular, it is quite normal if the pulse increased as a result of such factors:

  • Increased physical activity;
  • Psychological factors: emotional stress, excitement and stress;
  • Improper nutrition with a predominance of salty and fatty foods;
  • The effect of cigarettes, strong tea, coffee, alcohol.
  • High body temperature;
  • Insomnia.

At the same time, tachycardia can be a companion of the following health problems:

  • Respiratory distress;
  • Vitamin deficiency;
  • Intoxication;
  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • Endocrine disorders;
  • Diseases of the nervous system.

Other causes that are directly related to the presence of pathology can cause an increased heart rate. These include:

  1. Disorders of the thyroid gland.
  2. Purulent diseases, infections.
  3. Diseases of the heart itself.
  4. Diseases of the respiratory system.
  5. Disorders of the hormonal system.
  6. Staying in constant stress.

If you find that the number of heart beats you have exceeds 100 per minute and keeps at this mark constantly, even in an absolutely calm state, then this is an occasion to contact a cardiologist. He will prescribe a set of standard studies and after they will be able to establish the cause of your condition. Among these studies, first of all – an electrocardiogram, ultrasound of the heart, as well as a general blood test, analysis for some hormones. In some cases, you may need to consult an endocrinologist.

Almost every second inhabitant of the planet is familiar with tachycardia. An increased heart rate makes you look for reasons in your lifestyle. Treatment requires not only the elderly, but also young patients.

The increase in heart rate often carries a physiological character, joy, excitement, physical activity. The heart literally jumps out of the chest from overwhelmed emotions. This condition is quite normal and does not require attention to yourself.

When the heart rate quickens in a calm state, and if it is accompanied by an increase or decrease in pressure, swelling, shortness of breath, in this case, urgent need to take measures, up to calling a cardiologist at home.

When to start to sound the alarm? Listen to your body in time to take action, because tachycardia interferes with the normal blood supply to the heart muscle, this leads to the development of angina pectoris and heart attack.

There are many reasons for a rapid heartbeat. It could be:

  • little stress
  • side effects of medications
  • pregnancy
  • playing sports
  • anemia
  • excess weight
  • insomnia
  • disruptions in the endocrine system
  • different types of allergies
  • big blood loss
  • pressure increase
  • low pressure
  • poisoning, including alcohol
  • heart diseases
  • endocrine disruption
  • exacerbation of infectious diseases
  • neoplasms in the body
  • malfunctioning of internal organs
  • drug use
  • lack of vital substances in the body
  • adulthood

Most often, tachycardia develops in older people, especially those suffering from a lack of magnesium and calcium, with excess weight and high blood pressure. They often have to resort to medical care. Even if you do not belong to this risk category, but have discovered tachycardia attacks, only a cardiologist can determine the exact cause.

Review your life rhythm, how you eat, how much you move, how much you work and relax. A person who eats healthy food, devotes at least half an hour every day to sports, gets enough sleep and is not nervous, less likely to develop tachycardia.

Having experienced the first attack, fear begins to develop if, in addition, you have a headache, nausea, pain in your stomach or heart area, first call an ambulance. Sit down in a comfortable position while the medical aid is on, relax completely, take a few deep breaths, and slowly drink cold water. You can wet a towel and attach it to your neck.

During an attack, try to calm down and relieve tension. Be sure to measure the pressure, with increased take corvalol, tincture of peony, motherwort, put validol under the tongue.

Most often, these two symptoms appear. Often a person suffers from panic, it becomes difficult to breathe, there is a feeling of lack of air.

At such moments, it is best to go out into the air, just sit in a relaxed position near the open window, unfasten your squeezing clothes, and calm down as much as possible.

If the heartbeat is too strong, drink anaprilin. Watch your blood pressure. Let someone be by your side at this time.

In addition to medications, it is advisable to eat more fish, especially fatty species rich in Omega-3s. Include magnesium-rich foods in your diet; a lack of magnesium often causes tachycardia.

Increased heart rate occurs in hypotensive patients. More often it is associated with VVD, large blood loss or anaphylactic shock.

Symptoms of tachycardia in hypotensive patients are similar to hypertensive, weakness, paleness, dizziness, and the same panic fear can occur.

Permanent attacks should not be left without attention for a long time and medical examination. With reduced pressure, a frequent heartbeat also causes complications.

Mild tachycardia during pregnancy is a normal condition. The body was rebuilt and works “for two.” The heart has to increase the rhythm in order to make a normal flow of blood to the fetus.

In an interesting position, it is worth starting to worry when the heart rate begins to rise more than 100 beats per minute, while the woman feels pain behind the sternum, dizziness, nausea, and faints.

Against the background of pregnancy, there are often exacerbations of many chronic diseases, due to the load on the body. Often there are new diseases that a woman can learn about by the symptoms that appear, therefore, for any deviations, an examination should be immediately taken.

Parents should know that the younger their child, the more often a small heart beats. However, there may be cases of the development of tachycardia against the background of serious heart diseases.

Children, especially those who are emotional and moving, often experience a strong heartbeat due to excitement, physical exertion, intense fear or joy. For some, the heartbeat becomes more frequent due to a change in weather. In such cases, usually everything quickly returns to normal when the child calms down.

The condition when the baby’s heart is beating violently, chest pain is felt, perspiration appears on the forehead and nausea appears, this is an occasion to contact a cardiologist as soon as possible. Such attacks can last a long time and recur frequently. Before the ambulance arrives, you need to give your child a few sips of cold water and calm down.

This condition can be caused by many reasons and it is important to find out the most important thing, usually when it is eliminated, tachycardia also goes away. When the attacks are fleeting and do not recur so often, they occur mainly during stress or physical exertion, there is no reason to worry.

A protracted, pronounced tachycardia with accompanying symptoms, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and pressure surges cannot be cured at home. A correctly diagnosed diagnosis will be the key to a quick recovery.

Medication for heart palpitations can only be prescribed by a doctor. It can be medicines that affect the cardiovascular system, they are called antiarrhythmic. The second group – sedatives, motherwort, valerian, new passit.

Of folk remedies for the treatment of tachycardia, herbal decoctions, infusions, teas are used. Fees and individual herbs are used. Most often, this is Valerian root, mint, lemon balm, motherwort, St. John’s wort, yarrow.

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Herbal treatment will be effective if taken regularly and correctly. Remember that herbs have the same effect on the body as medicines, tablets.

Folk remedies can be considered fruits and vegetables introduced into the diet:

  1. Raspberry
  2. Apricots
  3. oranges
  4. Lemons
  5. Apricots
  6. Corn
  7. Tomatoes
  8. Pepper
  9. Nuts
  10. Green salad

Everyone can experience a palpitations, it occurs not only in the elderly or hypertensive, but also in infants. It is important to make a diagnosis as early as possible so that the symptom remains just a symptom.

In order to normalize the heart rate at home, it is necessary to deal with provoking factors. In case of exacerbation, urgent medical attention is needed.

Frequent palpitations of an intracardial nature:

  • angina pectoris;
  • heart muscle defect;
  • myocardial infarction, stroke;
  • myocarditis, cardiosclerosis;
  • development of pericarditis and endocarditis;
  • cardiomyopathy;
  • postoperative period;
  • the presence of aneurysm after a heart attack;
  • thromboembolism in the artery of the lung;
  • prolapse.

The listed diseases of the cardiovascular system are able to increase pulsation at night. An accurate diagnosis can be made on the basis of a detailed examination. As an emergency, to reduce heart rate, an adult is obliged to calm himself by any means, to relax. 40 drops of “Valocordin”, “Corvalol” help perfectly. You can wash yourself with cool water. Such manipulations will help lower the heartbeat.

Extracardial causes of the pathological condition:

  • anemia;
  • pheochromocytoma, adrenal insufficiency;
  • diabetic ketoacidosis;
  • violations of the IRR and anaphylactic shock;
  • failures in the endocrine system;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • hypoxia, hypoglycemia;
  • acute blood vessel insufficiency;
  • pneumothorax, hyponatremia;
  • hypertensive crisis, allergy;
  • asthma.

With a rapid heartbeat, treatment is determined only by a doctor. To relieve an exacerbation of an attack, certain conditions must be observed. First you need to understand what heart rate is dangerous or normal for a single person. The concept of tachysphygia deserves special attention – the so-called increased heart rate, namely, more than a hundred beats per minute.

Folk remedies for heart palpitations

If with bradycardia the heart rate is slowed down, then with tachycardia – on the contrary, it is more frequent. When the heart rate (HR) is more than 80-90 beats per minute, then this is tachycardia. But tachycardia is tachycardia discord.

If at rest the heart rate exceeds 120 beats/min (average 160 – 220 beats/min), we are talking about a disease. A special risk group includes elderly people.

  • Sinus tachycardia begins gradually
  • What is the violation of the heart rhythm
  • First aid
  • Herbs in the complex treatment of tachycardia pathology

There are many varieties of tachycardia, and each requires its own treatment. Tachycardia is divided into 2 types: physiological disorder and pathological form. We will deal with heart contractions together with a general practitioner, a doctor of traditional medicine Vladimir Gurtov.

To find out if the heart palpitations are the result of primary tachycardia, you need to consult a cardiologist, have an electrocardiogram of the heart, undergo an echo monitoring, ultrasound of the heart and thyroid gland, and take blood tests for hormones. If all indicators give a negative result, then it will be a question of secondary tachycardia.

Again, if with a rapid heartbeat after taking sedatives and a 15-minute calm stay with a raised body and legs down, the pulse does not recover to 80-90 beats per minute, you need to call an ambulance, and then undergo a detailed examination of other organs.

In addition, tachycardia occurs with anemia due to a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood. Reduced hemoglobin reduces the blood supply to tissues, and the heart muscle has to contract faster to deliver the necessary amount of oxygen to the entire body. It is recommended to take iron preparations, ascorbic acid, a diet rich in vitamins.

Often, tachycardia occurs in adolescents during the period of their active growth and development, when cardiac function simply does not keep pace with growth. Over time, the process returns to normal. Tachycardia at elevated temperature also does not need drug treatment, an increase in heart rate by 10 beats with a temperature increase of one degree is considered normal.

With a decrease in temperature, the pulse normalizes. If the heartbeat is too worrying, you can take a tablet of valerian extract or Corvalol. Secondary tachycardia is treated with sedative drugs and herbs, as well as antidepressants. The most effective herbs, such as mint, lemon balm, valerian, wild rose, are taken as tea for a long time (3-5 months).

Often there is an increase in heart rate when taking certain cardiovascular drugs – Trental, Mildronate, Eufilina, Theopeca. It is believed that this is the “effect of the first dose”, the reaction of the body to a new drug. With prolonged use, as a rule, these side effects disappear.

In the fight against heart palpitations, traditional medicine is of great help. For example, with tachycardia, a rose hip with hawthorn has a very beneficial effect.

To prepare it, you need to take the fruits of one and the other plant in equal parts, for example, five tablespoons, put in a pan or ladle and pour freshly boiled water – it will take about a liter.

You will have to insist for three hours, or better, five to six. Take this remedy before meals, three times a day, 1/3 cup.

Another folk recipe not only reduces the manifestations of tachycardia, but also generally improves the condition, strengthens the nervous system. It will take mint, chamomile and valerian root – all in equal parts.

This tool will reduce the activity of the heart, help cope with tachycardia.

Applied with increased heartbeat, and such a tool: you need to grate 8-10 heads of garlic on a grater, and then squeeze the juice from a couple of lemons into the resulting mass. Mix all this with a liter of honey and insist for a week. Take the medicine once a day for four teaspoons.

Also, in the event of an attack of a rapid heartbeat, traditional healers use clay. It must be diluted with warm water in a ceramic or clay pot, in no case not allowing contact with anything metallic. Then put the clay cake on the chest in the area of ​​the heart and hold for an hour or two.

Herbal infusions, for example, from lemon balm and mint, without tea, only grass, also help with not strong tachycardia. Take a tablespoon of raw materials and pour boiling water – two, two and a half glasses.

Otherwise, addiction will arise.

An excellent tonic and firming effect on the heart has pepper, but not ordinary, but cayenne. With tachycardia, as well as angina pectoris, it must be added to food – just as a spice. If the situation is not neglected, and the tachycardia is not strong, it happens that after a week of such a “diet” the heart rate normalizes.

At the very initial stage of a rapid heartbeat, field horsetail will help to combat the disease.

This medicinal plant perfectly restores the broken heart rhythm, and also gives the necessary tone to the heart muscle, prevents its fatigue.

Since paroxysmal tachycardia is a manifestation of organic damage to the heart, it is necessary to treat diseases that caused a rapid heartbeat, but not to eliminate it.

Regular stresses and exhausting physical work, causing secondary tachycardia with a pulse of more than 120 beats per minute, can lead to such a serious myocardial disease as atrial fibrillation. Do not bring the body to such a state, you need to learn to control your emotions, which will significantly extend life.

Heart palpitations – tachycardia – in healthy people occurs with physical exertion, emotional overexcitation. Often observed with vegetative-vascular dystonia. In this case, you can reduce the heartbeat by simply holding your breath for a few seconds. Sinus tachycardia occurs with fever, myocarditis, thyrotoxicosis, heart failure, anemia, pulmonary thromboembolism. Treatment consists in identifying the disease that caused the heartbeat and its therapy.

  • – honey;
  • – lemons;
  • – apricots;
  • – flowers of calendula officinalis.
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uchashchennoe serdcebienie 2 - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

First of all, contact your doctor who will prescribe the necessary examination, including not only a blood test, but also an electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, chest x-ray, etc. After finding out the causes of tachycardia, the treatment will be directed to the underlying disease. Sedatives, beta-blockers, Verapamil, etc. are also prescribed.

Take all measures to eliminate negative factors affecting the heartbeat. Refuse drinks containing caffeine – coffee, tea, cola. They stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, which controls the heart rate.

Do not smoke. Nicotine acts stronger than caffeine, and tar and carbon monoxide destroy the myocardium, causing not only a rapid heartbeat, but also contributing to the development of heart failure.

Alcohol also has a negative effect on the heart muscle, which significantly aggravates cardiac arrhythmias.

Do not overeat. A crowded gastrointestinal tract requires increased blood supply, which also makes the heart muscle work hard.

Heart palpitations are observed in people who neglect normal sleep. Sleep at least 6 hours a day, and better – 8.

Master the methods of anti-stress relaxation, meditation, yoga therapy, breathing exercises. All of these methods help to cope with tachycardia, often better than medications.

Take the recipes of traditional medicine to help deal with tachycardia. Grind 0,5 kg of lemons, add 0,5 kg of honey and 20 apricot kernels crushed into powder. Pound the mixture until smooth and place in a jar, with the lid tightly closed, in the refrigerator. Take a tablespoon twice daily before meals.

Regular exercise is the surest and safest way to train your heart muscle.

Also, with tachycardia, an infusion of mint, lemon balm, motherwort, a decoction of asparagus roots, valerian root, yarrow juice, etc. are recommended.

  • heart palpitations treatment in 2018

Tachycardia is an increase in heart rate. Heart palpitations may be caused by physiological causes, or may be a symptom of a disease.

With tachycardia, the heart rate in a healthy person at rest in the supine position exceeds 80 contractions per minute, and in the standing position – 100 contractions per minute. Under some circumstances, heart rate causes physiological causes: physical exertion, stress, severe fright.

If there are no such reasons, tachycardia is pathological. Its main symptom: a significant increase in heart rate in a relaxed state, this leads to rapid fatigue, headaches, dizziness, and a decrease in blood pressure.

With the development of paroxysmal tachycardia, the pulse can increase up to 150-300 beats per minute, the vessels of the neck begin to pulsate.

An attack of tachycardia begins and ends abruptly, it can last from several seconds to several days. Pathological tachycardia is harmful to the body.

As a result of incomplete filling of the ventricles with blood, the efficiency of the heart decreases, the flow of blood to the internal organs and tissues of the body decreases. With tachycardia, the blood supply to the heart muscle worsens, it consumes more oxygen.

Heartbeat at low pressure

As an emergency, vagal tests can be used. Their meaning is to irritate the receptors of the parasympathetic nervous system, as a result of which the vagus nerve is activated. Performing these techniques will help either interrupt paroxysm or reduce the heart rate and reduce symptoms.

  • Sample Valsalva. While sitting or standing, take a deep breath, then pinch your nose, close your mouth and try to exhale, while tensing the front abdominal wall.
  • The cough reflex is simple to perform: the patient needs to cough.
  • Gag reflex – press on the root of the tongue.
  • Squat squats with straining.
  • Reflex of a diving dog: hold your breath, pinch your nose and lower your face into a vessel with cold water.
  • Massage of the carotid sinus. It is forbidden for patients with atherosclerotic lesions of the carotid arteries and/or history of stroke. It is carried out as follows: the ripple point on the neck is determined and several pressure is applied to it for 3-5 seconds.
  • Dunini-Ashner test – pressure on the eyeballs; not currently recommended for use.

In addition to vagal tests, medicines are used for emergency care. Verapamil is widely used, but its use is possible only if it is reliably known that there are no additional pathways in the myocardium. If atrial fibrillation has developed, then “Propafenone”, the “tablet in your pocket” technique, can help. They take this drug only on condition of its previous successful use in a hospital under the control of an electrocardiogram.

In my practice, during transesophageal electrocardiostimulation, patients often developed an attack of reciprocal AV nodal tachycardia. The use of vagal samples (Valsalva and massage of the carotid sinus) allowed to stop paroxysm. The whole process is demonstrated on the ECG installation screen: against the background of an even sinus rhythm, a tachycardia attack with narrow QRS complexes suddenly occurs.

If tachycardia with wide complexes develops during PEEPI, then you can try to stop it with the help of several electrical stimuli. The cessation of paroxysm in this way is evidence in favor of the supraventricular nature of arrhythmia. If the source is located in the ventricles of the heart, then the stimulation will not affect the course of the attack.

When an accelerated pulse is not accompanied by other pronounced symptoms (a clear change in blood pressure, fever, shortness of breath, fear, blurred consciousness, etc.), it can be reassured without the use of drugs. Sometimes a 10-15 minute rest is enough to restore the normal rhythm of the heart.

uchashchennoe serdcebienie 3 - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

If the patient is haunted by the desire “to drink something and calm down,” one should not immediately grab hold of potent sedative medications. If the rapid pulse under normal pressure, what to take from drugs, if not simple pharmacy tinctures for motherwort, valerian, hawthorn, hop or peony? They can be mixed in arbitrary parts and drink a teaspoon of the mixture with water. On the recommendation of a doctor, you can take such sedatives:

  • Zelenin drops;
  • sedative collection number 2;
  • Persen;
  • Valocordin;
  • Novopassit.

There are enough pharmacological agents to solve the problem of how to bring down a rapid pulse, so with an acute attack of tachycardia, you should not panic. If there is a constantly rapid pulse, you may have to drink sedatives in courses – as the doctor will prescribe.

In case of cardiovascular pathologies accompanied by arterial hypertension, the doctor may prescribe antihypertensive drugs with an antiarrhythmic or pulse-slowing effect, but these drugs are prescription drugs and are strictly contraindicated for self-medication.

What else can you do when your heart rate is fast, what should you do at home? Doctors often teach their patients to resort to vagal techniques to reduce heart rate and, at the same time, blood pressure. The use of vagal samples can lead to a significant decrease in heart rate and blood pressure, therefore, without monitoring these parameters and consulting a doctor first, it is undesirable to start high-speed methods.

At home, you can make soothing tea from the leaves and flowers of lemon balm, hawthorn, motherwort and other plants with sedative properties. It should be drunk in small sips and not hot, but pleasantly warm.

The main thing that should be done in this situation is to go to the doctor and identify the cause of this condition, since the result of self-medication can be very sad.

However, in the short term, these tips may help:

  1. If increased pressure and pulse are caused by physical overstrain, then it should be stopped;
  2. Open the window or, if possible, a window for fresh air;
  3. Drink some water and lie down for twenty minutes;
  4. Squeeze the upper abdomen with your hands;
  5. Do breathing exercises: hold your breath, close your fingers with your nose and strain;
  6. Neck massage (on the side where the carotid arteries are located) may help;
  7. If available, take sedatives – valerian, peony, motherwort. Both alcohol solutions and tablets are suitable;
  8. If the pressure is especially high – you should take “moxonidine” or “captopril”;
  9. If your chest hurts and your mind becomes cloudy, it’s better to call an ambulance.
  • Blockage of blood vessels (atherosclerosis);
  • Dehydration;
  • Severe blood loss;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Difficulties with the electrical conductivity of the heart;
  • Body temperature is below normal;
  • Cardiac ischemia;
  • Heatstroke;
  • Side effects of various drugs;
  • Diabetes;
  • Myocardial problems.

A similar situation is often found in people in adulthood. Often, a strong, almost loud heartbeat is accompanied by:

  • Dyspnea;
  • Headache;
  • Pallor;
  • Weakness, feeling of loss of strength;
  • Dizziness;
  • In severe cases, fainting is possible.

Most often, all these symptoms are signs of advancing tachycardia.

  • Pathologies and prophets of the heart muscle;
  • Problems with the thyroid gland;
  • Hormonal system failure;
  • Violations of the sinus node;
  • Vegeto-vascular dystonia;
  • A byproduct of a long medication course;
  • The inflammatory process of the inner heart membrane is endocarditis;
  • Heart block.

In this case, a trip to the doctor is required. To avoid a recurrence of this condition, you need:

  • Take all medications prescribed by a specialist;
  • Refuse addictions in the form of smoking and excessive libations of alcohol;
  • Do not lean on strong coffee and tea;
  • Protect your mental health and avo >uchashchennoe serdcebienie 4 - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

Tachycardia is called a constant, without physical exertion and stress, a high pulse. What to do, tell only a graduate. Self-medication can lead to very sad consequences.

If a person has an increase in heart rate – more than 90 beats per minute, then you should definitely call a doctor. But until he arrives, you can help the patient cope with tachycardia in order to prevent complications.

First of all, you need to lay a person on the bed and provide him with complete rest. If the attack repeats, then you can do some useful exercises:

  • you need to take a deeper breath, hold your breath and try so that the air gets as deep as possible into the lungs;
  • put pressure on the eyeballs as much as possible (within reason), relieve pressure and continue to alternate for several minutes;
  • draw cold water into the basin, lower the face into it, and, as a rule, after such a manipulation the pulse returns to normal;
  • if the attack has just begun, it is not necessary to immediately look for what to take with tachycardia, you can just cough hard or induce vomiting;
  • breathing exercises also help to stop the attack very well: it is necessary to inhale deeply and slowly, and then quickly exhale, and so on for about 10 minutes;
  • you can take “Valocordin” and “Corvalol” – these are drugs for tachycardia, which will help bring the pulse back to normal.

If this condition is caused by blood loss, then the problem can be solved by transfusion.

If the pressure has dropped due to taking medications, then they need to be urgently canceled.

If a similar condition is provoked by a mild form of thrombosis, then the treatment is carried out with special drugs prescribed by the doctor, and they are administered intravenously. It could be Coumadin.

Diagnostic research

To determine the disease, you need to do some research. ECG is important, this method allows you to quickly clarify the type of ailment, establish the rhythm and heart rate. It is quite informative and efficient. This method determines and analyzes various disorders in the functioning of the heart muscle.

To draw up a diagnostic plan, as well as subsequent treatment, you need to see a doctor. In addition to consulting with a therapist and cardiologist, examinations by an endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, and infectious diseases specialist will be required. Consider the most informative diagnostic methods that can be performed in the presence of a rapid heartbeat.

ResearchWhy spend
OAM (general urinalysis).It is carried out to detect kidney diseases.
KLA (general blood test).Checking the level of hemoglobin, identifying inflammatory processes.
BAC (biochemical blood test).Examination of the liver and kidneys.
Blood test for thyroid hormones, adrenal glands.Additional analysis for the condition of the kidneys and endocrine system.
Blood test for infectious diseases, viruses.Identification of AIDS, hepatitis, syphilis.
Sex hormone test.Pregnant pass.
Glucose test.Conducted if diabetes is suspected.
Coronaroangiography (study of the coronary arteries that feed the heart).It is performed with very serious rhythm disturbances.
ECG and Holter diagnostics (ECG monitoring and Blood pressure per day).It is made to all who apply without exception.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland, pelvic organs.It is performed if there is a suspicion of the presence of diseases of these organs.
Ultrasound of the heart (echocardioscopy).Diagnosis of defects, disruption of the myocardium.
Diagnosis of external respiration.It is carried out if a person has bouts of heart palpitations, suffocation, which are similar to asthma symptoms.
Fibrogastroscopy (examination of the gastric mucosa).If gastritis, esophageal ulcer, diaphragm hernia are suspected.
MRI of the brain.It is done in the direction of a neurologist when it is suspected that the activity of the heart is disturbed due to brain disasters, stroke, and tumors.

Of course, a single person will not need to carry out a complete list of the above diagnostic methods. In addition, tachycardia attacks usually appear for physiological reasons. If they are pathological, there will be additional symptoms. Thanks to her, the doctor at the initial examination will already be able to determine an approximate diagnosis.

Based on the results, the doctor can make a conclusion, take all necessary measures for the regulation of heart rate.

Is it necessary to heal if the heart beats faster than it should?

People who are accustomed to enduring poor health “to the last” may also doubt the need for treatment in a situation with high heart rate. Often you can see men clutching at their hearts, but continuing to do the work they have begun. This attitude to your health is unacceptable. If you too often “feel the heart”, regularly notice a heartbeat – do not postpone the visit to the doctor, contact him on time. It is better to learn in a timely manner how to treat tachycardia than to be in the intensive care unit or intensive care unit.

Our heart is a muscle, so it can be trained. For a healthy person, there is no better prevention of heart disease than physical activity. This can be classes in the gym, running, brisk walking, jumping, squats, climbing stairs. In the gyms equipped with modern simulators, there are devices that measure the pulse: it is very convenient, since you can control the work of the heart during the training.

Every day you need to increase the load, as the heart will better and better deal with them. It is very important that the heart rests periodically: arrange a full respite after each workout. An excellent result gives the alternation of days of rest and stress. But regularity must be mandatory!

Emotional stress also has an incredible effect on the heart. Prolonged stress destroys it. You must periodically arrange for yourself to unload: go to dances, to the movies, arrange a day of positive emotions. Sometimes it’s useful to just be alone with yourself, stay at home, listen to calm music.

uchashchennoe serdcebienie 6 - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

There are many reasons for the appearance of tachycardia. When it is a consequence of diseases, the help of a doctor is required, treatment with drugs. Tachycardia appears with dehydration, large blood loss. Sometimes the disease is associated with psychosis, neurosis. Tachycardia may occur as a result of:

  • inflammatory heart disease;
  • hypertension;
  • obesity;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • anemia;
  • adrenal tumors;
  • fever for infectious diseases;
  • thyroid disease.

Heart palpitations occur at the time of stress, fright. Strong physical activity, the use of coffee, alcohol contribute to the appearance. Accompanied by tachycardia of women during pregnancy, menopause. In these cases, you can fight the disease in the following ways:

  • exclude alcohol and coffee;
  • follow a diet;
  • engage in physiotherapy exercises;
  • do massage of the carotid artery;
  • take infusions of herbs;
  • to do relaxation;
  • use traditional medicine methods.

Heart tachycardia is an increase in heart rate (HR). Tachycardia means that the heart beats faster, thereby increasing the heart rate.

The human heart beats from 60 to 90 beats per minute. With physical activity, the pulse can grow up to 100 beats per minute. Also, the heart rate can accelerate with mental stress, stress, the use of certain substances and various diseases.

Common causes of tachycardia are, for example:

  • stress or nervous breakdowns;
  • caffeine intake;
  • emotional stress;
  • heavy exercise;
  • drinking alcohol, smoking;
  • heart diseases such as coronary heart disease, myocardial disease, hypertension, or mitral valve insufficiency;
  • hyperthyroidism;
  • low blood sugar;
  • anemia (anemia).

In all these cases, the heartbeat exceeds 90 beats per minute.

Also, there are ectopic and sinus tachycardia (a form of supraventricular tachyarrhythmia), and each of them requires separate attention and treatment.

Causes of Tachycardia

uchashchennoe serdcebienie 7 - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

Tachycardia or heart palpitations should not be a cause for concern. Often – this is a healthy body reaction to stress or stress.

When the heartbeat quickens, organs and muscles better distill the blood, more oxygen becomes in the body. Through oxygen and sugar, muscles gain energy.

With fear and excitement, it is also normal that the heart beats faster. The body tends to run or fight – both work better if the muscles are well fed with oxygen.

In addition, tachycardia can occur against the background of atrial fibrillation of the heart. Typical causes of this form of cardiac arrhythmia are:

  • heart diseases such as coronary heart disease, heart disease, heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy), high blood pressure (hypertension);
  • potassium deficiency;
  • hyperthyroidism;
  • alcohol;
  • infections (e.g. pneumonia);
  • chest injuries;
  • autonomic disorders.

Other possible reasons why the heart beats fast-fast:

  • anemia (anemia);
  • low blood sugar;
  • pulmonary embolism;
  • severe allergic reaction (anaphylactic shock);
  • diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
  • endocrine diseases;
  • blood poisoning (sepsis).

Heart disease

There is a paroxysmal tachycardia, which is accompanied by attacks when the heart begins to beat violently. In this case, the patient can name the exact time frame of when the attack began and when it ended, and this is what is considered a hallmark of the disease.

There are additional symptoms, which include the following:

  • dizziness;
  • fainting;
  • noise in ears;
  • feeling as if the heart is jumping out of the chest;
  • nausea;
  • sweating.

Heart disease can lead to the development of ventricular fibrillation, and subsequently to cardiac arrest. This violation is extremely dangerous, and therefore it is recommended that you consult a specialist cardiologist. Treatment will depend directly on the results of the examination.

3977337e22769a3c83b3137e4c06648c - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

There is no specific algorithm for detecting tachycardia, because there can be both seizures and a constant persistent heart rate. The number of strokes in this case can reach 140 strokes.

  • A distinctive feature is that the patient with this violation cannot even perform the usual daily actions, for example, walking or climbing stairs.
  • The complexity of the disease is that in the presence of pronounced psychological symptoms, it is almost impossible to distinguish from psychosis or neurosis.
  • Other symptoms of cardiac tachycardia in vegetovascular dystonia include:
  • dizziness;
  • noise in ears;
  • weakness;
  • fatigue;
  • increased anxiety;
  • mood swings;
  • sudden changes in body temperature;
  • obsessive states;
  • panic attacks.

With neurocirculatory dystonia (NDC), you can observe the following symptoms:

  • pallor of the skin;
  • cold limbs;
  • headache;
  • dizziness;
  • weakness;
  • fatigue;
  • high pressure.

In these cases, it is necessary to consult a neurologist or cardiologist for treatment, depending on the prevailing symptoms.

Hyperthyroidism is often accompanied by tachycardia, and a characteristic feature is that the pulse exceeds 110 beats per minute.

Additional symptoms specific to endocrine disorders:

  • enlargement of the thyroid gland;
  • pain in the stomach;
  • increased sweating;
  • sharp weight loss, despite increased appetite;
  • irritability;
  • fatigue;
  • in guys – a decrease in potency;
  • in girls – menstrual irregularities and breast enlargement;
  • enlargement of the liver, which remains reversible;
  • high blood glucose (determined only after passing tests).

If such symptoms are found, it is recommended to consult an endocrinologist.

A rapid heartbeat during pregnancy can be associated with many factors, because during this period of life in the woman’s body, hormonal changes occur, which in the first place can cause frequent tachycardia.

The main causes of tachycardia during pregnancy are:

  • hormonal changes;
  • malfunctions of the thyroid gland;
  • nervous tension;
  • increased hormones of estrogen and progesterone.

Rapid heartbeat during pregnancy can also occur with infectious diseases (pneumonia, flu, SARS). In this case, the expectant mother is recommended to begin treatment immediately.

Alcohol consumption itself does not always lead to tachycardia; rather, certain factors cause it:

  • alcohol poisoning, which leads to a malfunction in the heart;
  • malfunctioning blood vessels. If the patient’s blood vessels have disorders even without drinking alcohol, this can lead to the fact that in stressful situations the body seeks to accelerate the processes. This causes the heart to beat faster;
  • insufficient amounts of vitamins or other beneficial substances. With frequent use of alcohol, when the body does not have time to compensate for them independently.

It is important to pay attention if even after a small amount of alcohol tachycardia occurs. This condition is not the norm and requires immediate medical attention.

Heart palpitations at night, especially after eating, can be caused by:

  • emotional shock;
  • anxiety, fear;
  • previously drunk coffee or an energy drink (the caffeine contained in these drinks stays in the body for 5-6 hours);
  • allergic reaction;
  • s >b8f097d63bf90dbc902d868a9ee55a1b - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

Varicose disease of the lower extremities: symptoms and treatment

If the heart began to beat faster only against the background of a situation that occurred recently, and there are no other prerequisites for diseases, tincture of valerian or motherwort will help calm the heart. These natural medicines perfectly help to cope with the tachycardia that has arisen on emotional, nervous soil.

Many substances affect the heartbeat. For example, caffeine causes the adrenal glands to release more adrenaline. This stress hormone speeds up the pulse and increases (short-term) blood pressure.

Sometimes tachycardia also occurs as a side effect on certain medications, such as:

  • antidepressants (citalopram and escitalopram);
  • levothyroxine sodium (thyroid hormone), tachycardia occurs with an overdose;
  • when taking cetirizine.

Anyone who has a heart palpitations or tachycardia for a long time should consult a doctor. This will help determine if the symptoms have harmless causes or if it is a serious cardiac arrhythmia that needs treatment.

In the process of diagnosis, a full examination of the body is carried out, during which the state of the cardiovascular system, internal organs, thyroid gland and nervous system are checked. Additionally, a general blood and urine test is taken.

In adults

Clinical case

In my practice, there was a case with a sinus tachycardia in a pregnant woman. The woman constantly felt a frequent heartbeat, which was an adaptive reaction of the body: pressure decreased, heart rate increased; but the patient also had anemia. After correcting the hemoglobin level with iron preparations, her health improved, and she felt a palpitations. Although at first the woman was genuinely surprised when she was not prescribed drugs to slow her heart rate!

Depending on the localization of the source of excitation, tachycardia is divided into supraventricular and ventricular.

b84b2fb2f15649d9c8af0037f8c3fa94 - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

The first occur in the structures of the heart to the level of branching of the bundle of the His bundle: in the atria, AV node, in additional pathways. The source of the second nucleation are the His bundle, Purkinje fibers, ventricular myocardium.

By the nature of the course, paroxysmal and non-paroxysmal types of pathology are distinguished.

By the mechanism of occurrence – reciprocal, ectopic, with trigger activity and so on.

Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias is a difficult and responsible task. In particular, when it comes to tachycardia with wide QRS complexes on the ECG. This may be a ventricular rhythm disturbance or tachycardia with the participation of DPP (additional pathways).

Ventricular tachycardia has an unfavorable prognosis and occurs as a result of damage to the heart muscle. In contrast, arrhythmia involving DPP appears in a person without a rough structural pathology of the heart.

To clarify the type of tachycardia, an ECG with intrathoracic lead should be recorded or transesophageal electrophysiological examination should be performed. However, in real clinical practice, such an opportunity is rarely provided, and in these situations, the doctor is guided by the following rule: to assess the condition as the most dangerous for human health and life and begin appropriate treatment.

To effectively reduce the number of heart contractions, you will have to figure out the reasons, as well as familiarize yourself with the signs. The presence of symptoms of the sinus form of the pathology directly depends on the stage of severity, duration and type of underlying ailment. Subjective symptoms may not even appear, but sometimes they are insignificant:

  • heart beats strongly, palpably;
  • pain, heaviness in the chest;
  • the discomfort;
  • excessive weakness;
  • shortness of breath, shortness of breath;
  • air shortage;
  • persistent frequent pulse;
  • dizziness, fainting;
  • sleep disturbance, increased fatigue;
  • lack of appetite;
  • low level of performance;
  • bad mood.

The sinus form of the disease is characterized by a gradual development, there is a risk of an attack of angina pectoris, exacerbation of heart failure. If the brain is affected, convulsions and fainting are not ruled out, neurological disorders often appear. Long-term pathology contributes to the development of hypotension, a significant decrease in the amount of urine, and cooling of the extremities.

Useful video

From the following video you can find useful tips on how to take a fast heart rate:

  1. Such a condition as an accelerated pulse has many causes, both physiological and pathological.
  2. The fact that the condition is pathological, as a rule, is indicated by the accompanying symptoms – increased or decreased blood pressure, dizziness, lack of air, and others.
  3. It is impossible to independently establish the cause of the pathological acceleration of the pulse, for this a medical examination is necessary.
  4. to ignore regularly increasing at rest or constantly increasing pulse is life-threatening.

Medication intake

If you plan to start treatment of tachycardia with folk remedies, you should consider:

  • intolerance to components, so as not to cause allergies;
  • patients with high blood pressure are not recommended to take alcohol tinctures;
  • during pregnancy, the treatment method should be agreed with the doctor;
  • drugs with alcohol are taken under reduced pressure.

RџSЂRё RіRёRїRμSЂS,RѕRЅRёRё

With increased pressure, the use of alcohol infusions is contraindicated. You can make this potion: put a spoonful of chicory herb in a glass of boiling water, stand for an hour. Drink 50 grams after a meal. Homemade tea brewing will help cope with tachycardia. For one serving should take:

  • a bag of green tea;
  • a teaspoon of motherwort herb;
  • 4 rosehips;
  • 6 berries of hawthorn.

At high pressure, tachycardia is treated with this composition: 100 grams of almonds and 0,5 kg of lemon. The ingredients are crushed, filled with honey. Use for a month, on a spoon before breakfast. A very pleasant medicine is done with dried fruits, honey and lemon. Take a spoon in the morning and evening. For cooking, the components are crushed and mixed in equal proportions:

At low pressure

If you have low blood pressure, you can remove tachycardia at home using vodka infusions. In the summer, you can collect meadow clover, fill a tight glass jar. The grass should be poured with vodka and, having closed the lid, stand for a month. Take a teaspoon before meals. Another effective tool that is taken an hour before a meal is you need 10 ml, three times a day. For cooking:

  1. Squeeze the juice of a large lemon.
  2. Add 100 grams of cranberry juice, carrot, chokeberry.
  3. Pour a glass of vodka.

A very tasty and effective cure for tachycardia can be prepared with berries. Take half a glass in the morning and evening. The recipe is as follows:

  1. Lay the berries in layers in a jar.
  2. Sprinkle each with granulated sugar.
  3. Pour vodka.
  4. Hold for 3 weeks.

To prepare the composition you will need:

  • three-liter jar with a lid;
  • a glass of sugar;
  • berries of viburnum – 1 liter;
  • cranberries and rose hips – half a liter;
  • hawthorn – 1 liter.

With menopause

This period in life gives women trouble and discomfort. To dizziness, hot flashes, a rapid heartbeat is added – tachycardia, which folk remedies will help cure. 15 drops of tincture of rue help to relieve symptoms: they drip onto a piece of sugar. You need to eat it after a meal. In summer, you can try to drink juice squeezed from a flowering yarrow. Take 2 tablespoons per day in three divided doses.

Effectively use the infusion of a mixture of herbs and berries. According to the recipe for collection you need to take in equal parts:

Drink an infusion of half a glass twice a day. The cooking technology is simple, it is required:

  1. Take two spoons of the collection.
  2. Add a glass of boiling water.
  3. Keep under cover for 15 minutes.
  4. Cool, strain.

Pregnant women

During pregnancy, the load on the internal organs increases, which leads to a violation of the heart rhythm. Treatment of tachycardia symptoms with folk remedies at home in pregnant women is the only possible way. This is due to the fact that the use of drugs has many limitations. How to treat tachycardia in this case? Here is a simple and enjoyable recipe. The prepared drink is drunk daily at 100 grams, before meals. For cooking, mix juices:

  • lemon – 100 grams;
  • mountain ash – half a glass;
  • cranberries – 80 grams;
  • carrots – a glass.

A very simple collection of herbs: chamomile, valerian, mint. Add 3 teaspoons to a glass of boiling water, wait an hour. Drink half a cup daily. A more complex recipe will help fight tachycardia. Servings are enough for reception in the morning and evening. To be treated for two weeks, then a break. For cooking you need:

  1. Take a large spoonful of valerian root.
  2. Add a spoonful of lemon balm, dill seeds, hop cones.
  3. Mix.
  4. Pour 2 cups boiling water.
  5. Keep under cover until cool.

The tactics of treating tachycardia completely depend on what reason it was caused. As a rule, after eliminating the cause, the heart rhythm is restored on its own. Tachycardia is accompanied by specific symptoms: dizziness, weakness, tinnitus, fainting, nausea is sometimes possible. Medication for heart palpitations can be supplemented with traditional medicine. This will speed up recovery, improve a person’s condition and help him cope with symptoms.

The drugs used for treatment can be divided into two large groups – these are sedative and antiarrhythmic. Soothing drugs are made on the basis of natural ingredients, they improve the functioning of the heart by restoring the nervous system. Among these drugs are Diazepam, Valerian tincture, Novo-Passit, motherwort.

Antiarrhythmic drugs act directly on the cardiovascular system. Their direct task is to reduce the heart rate. The most common drugs from this group are Flecainide, Adenosine, Verapamil. The mechanism of action of antiarrhythmic drugs is different, so only a specialist should select them in accordance with the causes of the pathology, the patient’s condition, and his sensitivity to the components of the drug.

Treatment with medicinal herbs is widespread due to their gentle effect on the body. To eliminate tachycardia, such herbs are suitable: lemon balm, chamomile, motherwort, rue, St. John’s wort, mint. Hawthorn juice helps a lot. It should be taken 20 drops, washed down with ¼ glass of water. This course lasts two weeks.

Herbal collection of yarrow, valerian root and lemon balm calms and calms the pulse well. Pour this mixture with hot water and keep it in a water bath for about half an hour. The drink is ready to use immediately after it cools down. It is useful for both adults and young children.

In addition to medicinal herbs, foods that have the ability to normalize the heartbeat should be eaten. These are apricots (dried apricots), pears, raspberries, nuts, corn, beets, citrus fruits, tomatoes, cucumbers, red peppers. It is very useful not to heat them, but to prepare salads and drink juices.

Anyone who has repeatedly faced such a problem as a tachycardia attack perfectly understands that if no measures are taken, then this condition can become a serious health threat. It is impossible to say exactly what helps with tachycardia – medications, exercises, herbs, until the doctor finds out what is the reason for this condition.

  • beta-blockers that help relieve arousal and calm the nervous system;
  • “Cordaron” is a drug that allows you to block several channels at once: potassium, sodium and calcium (in addition, this tool is great for flickering arrhythmias and life-threatening ventricular tachycardia);
  • ATP can also be administered intravenously very quickly, which ultimately relieves pain in tachycardia and reduces the pulse rate, but such a procedure can only be performed in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor.

In any case, it is first necessary to eliminate the primary pathology, and perhaps the tachycardia itself will pass. Only the attending doctor should prescribe drugs, self-medication can lead to irreversible consequences.

There are patients who refuse to seek the help of a doctor, and they often ask themselves what will help with tachycardia from alternative methods. Before telling what folk remedies for tachycardia are advised by healers, it is necessary to warn that an attack can be removed by such methods only if the patient has physiological arrhythmia, which does not require medical intervention, but in more serious cases, specialist can’t do without it.

So, of the methods of traditional medicine, the following recipes will help best with tachycardia:

  • It is necessary to brew 5 grams of rose hips and hawthorn, motherwort and green tea.
  • Make an infusion of blue cornflower flowers and drink it ½ cup three times a day for three months.
  • Oat juice, obtained only from a green plant, drink ¼ cup up to three times a day.
  • You can brew lemon balm or mint, and if you drink such tea every day at least once, then you can forget about tachycardia.
  • Adonis tincture is taken in a tablespoon up to three times a day.

The method of therapy depends on the etiology. Here you can try two main ways. One of them involves the use of medications, droppers, injections. As for the second option, these are recipes of traditional medicine, the use of herbs, various plants, berries. It is carried out at home only when tachycardia is manifested due to nervous strain, stress, and insomnia.

Herbal decoctions, teas and infusions based on motherwort, fennel, valerian, and caraway seeds are great help. You can buy a ready-made collection at a pharmacy, brew and drink in the morning on an empty stomach for three or four months. An excellent method of therapy is a healthy and active lifestyle.

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The main drug groups used in treatment:

  1. Antiarrhythmic drugs. Affect blood vessels, heart muscle. The purpose of the application is the normalization of the pulse. Bright representatives of the group: “Adenosine”, “Flecainide”, “Verapamil”. Only a cardiologist can prescribe them.
  2. Sedatives. Composed of herbs and plant components. The goal is to calm the central nervous system, normalize the activity of the heart. Doctors prescribe: Motherwort, Valerian, Diazepam, Novo-Passit.
  3. Glycosides. Prescribes a cardiologist. Suitable for heart failure (Dogoxin).
  4. Beta blockers. Reduce the functioning of hormones that provoke stress. Most often it is Atenopol, Concor.
  5. Antioxidants. Complement the main therapy: “Mexico”, “Preductal”.

Traditional medicine remains a popular method of therapy, since it is available to almost everyone, effective, does not require investing large amounts of money. Commonly used are lemon balm, chamomile, peppermint, St. John’s wort, ruta, motherwort.

Normal and pathological indicators of heart rate

In this condition, the resting heart rate is over 90 beats per minute. With frequent attacks, you must consult a doctor and undergo an examination.

The causes of tachycardia can be cardiac arrhythmias, dysfunctions of the autonomic nervous system, diseases of the endocrine system, dehydration, large blood loss. Treatment of tachycardia is aimed at eliminating the cause that caused the attack. To normalize the heartbeat, you need a good rest, a healthy lifestyle.

It is necessary to take any medications for tachycardia after consulting a doctor. To prevent an attack, antiarrhythmic drugs are often prescribed. To treat tachycardia, you can use folk remedies: decoctions of valerian, motherwort, calendula, lemon balm, cornflower blue and other herbs.

With severe tachycardia, it is required to stop physical activity, you can relieve the attack with sedative drugs: valocordin or corvalol in the amount of 40-60 drops.

For the treatment of tachycardia during pregnancy, herbal sedatives are prescribed, as well as vitamin complexes and preparations containing potassium and magnesium.

A strong heartbeat is a sign of disturbances in certain body systems or a consequence of excessive physical and/or psychological stress. Having noticed such symptoms in himself, a person should immediately consult a doctor.

The content of the article

– significant physical loads on the body (such, for example, are observed during sports); – psychological reactions of the body (excitement, stress, anxiety, etc.) to various situations. If all of the above effects can be tracked independently (you after all you know what loads loaded your body and what worries you), that is, factors that are, so to speak, “invisible”.

Among the reasons for this group are the following: – deficiency in the body of substances such as vitamin B12, iron, potassium, magnesium and folic acid; – disturbances in the functioning of the endocrine system (hormonal changes); – the presence of diseases such as myocarditis, atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal tachycardia, vegetovascular dystonia, anemia, arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, etc.

Each of the factors of this group (“hidden”) is in its own way dangerous for the body. Therefore, if you began to notice a periodic heartbeat that was not preceded by obvious factors, you should immediately consult a doctor who will conduct the necessary diagnostics (electrocardiogram, radiography, examination on a bicycle ergometer, etc.

Thus, a strong heartbeat can be the result of a variety of influences. To understand what’s what and to solve the problem, you can only contact experienced specialists.

  • Palpitations: normal, rapid or strong. The reasons for the occurrence.
  • Palpitation

In adults

  • drug use;
  • excessive consumption of tonic agents (coffee, energy drinks, strong tea);
  • drinking alcoholic beverages;
  • smoking;
  • stress;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • physical and mental overwork;
  • obesity;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • lack of calcium and magnesium in the body;
  • improper use of certain medications;
  • certain heart diseases (myocarditis, malformations, coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy, myocardial dystrophy);
  • endocrine system disorders (pathological menopause, hyperthyroidism, myxedema);
  • oncological diseases;
  • inflammatory processes.

Among other causes of tachycardia, arrhythmia (cardiac arrhythmia) is distinguished. Mostly elderly people are affected by it. The risk of this disease in young people increases with congenital pathologies and heart defects.

With weight loss and irritability, doctors may suggest amenorrhea – hyperthyroidism. And frequent headaches, high blood pressure and sweating indicate a possible tumor that secretes an excess of adrenaline.

Methods of treatment

The heartbeat can sometimes be accelerated due to bad habits, so first of all you need to try to solve the problem yourself. It is worthwhile to refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages, reduce the frequency of caffeine use and quit smoking.

Moderate physical activity will strengthen overall health and the heart itself. If stress became the cause of the heartbeat, you must protect yourself from unnerving factors.

Yoga and meditation will help bring mental health back to normal.

Medication is prescribed by a doctor. It may include taking pills, injections and droppers. 2 groups of drugs are used:

  1. Soothing medications with an herbal base for the nervous system.
  2. Antiarrhythmic drugs, the effect of which is directed directly to the cardiovascular system. They will help calm the heartbeat.

Tablets used to treat tachycardia:

  1. Beta blockers reduce the level of hormones responsible for stress.
  2. Cardiac glycos >f304d36cb39342d125fe0aa5c92198a3 - Heart palpitations what to do and how to be treated

Drug treatment is prescribed exclusively by a cardiologist.

Normal heart rate is individual for each person, however, according to statistics, in healthy people they range from 60 to 90 beats per minute.

Measurements of the pulse for extra accuracy should be carried out in the morning on an empty stomach: the use of certain products can slightly adjust the indicators in one direction or another, and in the evening the pulse inevitably increases. In addition, you must remember that in a standing position, the frequency of contractions is higher.

The pulse can be measured with sufficient accuracy using modern electronic blood pressure monitors. However, this can be done without special devices, having caught a heartbeat on the wrist, temples or neck. Measurement should be carried out a minute; less is not recommended, as indicators will be inaccurate.

High pulse itself is not a disease, but it accompanies many dangerous diseases. Indicators above hundreds should be a serious cause for concern: in case of too frequent heart contractions, it does not have the ability to fill up, which is the reason for oxygen starvation.

This violation in the body is subject to immediate treatment, otherwise the following disorders will begin to develop:

  • Ventricular failure;
  • Circulatory problems in the brain leading to a stroke;
  • Cardiac asthma (asthma attacks accompanying heart disease);
  • Arrhythmic shock – a violation of the heart rhythm, which leads to a decrease in blood pressure and the appearance of symptoms of shock.

If there is a short-term increase to 100 strokes, and in some cases up to 200, then the case can be considered as a physiological norm. The blame for this is often the usual emotional outbursts or physical exertion.

Danger of complications

The physiological form of the disease does not threaten human health, this is the norm. Regarding pathological tachycardia, the picture is not so rosy as in the first case.

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  • ischemic stroke;
  • acute heart failure;
  • heart attack;
  • pulmonary edema;
  • blood circulation in the brain is disturbed;
  • cardiac muscle arrest and death.

Tachycardia contributes to oxygen deficiency in all organs. A very dangerous paroxysmal form of the disease, in which the heart rate is 300 strokes. It provokes ventricular fibrillation and arrhythmia, so a fatal outcome occurs. In this situation, every minute is dear, emergency medical care is needed.

Prevention

To prevent tachycardia, you need to lead an active, healthy lifestyle, eat a balanced diet, give up alcohol, smoking, caffeine. It is necessary to limit stressful situations and increased stress, walk in the fresh air, and undergo a medical examination in a timely manner.

As for the prognosis by experts, tachycardia is manifested by ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. This is an organ response to a hemodynamic disorder. Therefore, the prognosis may be disappointing in advanced cases. Timely diagnosis, treatment of concomitant diseases, elimination of extracardiac factors will help to avoid complications and undesirable consequences.

Heart palpitations are a serious, dangerous problem, which must be timely and correctly fought. In order not to become a victim of your own negligence, monitor your diet, stress and lifestyle.

Types and Subtypes

As for the varieties, tachycardia can be sinus, physiological. It occurs most often after serious physical exertion, it is only necessary to remove them – and she leaves.

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There is a pathological tachycardia. This species is divided into ventricular and supraventricular. The first subspecies is considered to be the most dangerous for humans, and all because it causes disturbances in blood circulation, pulmonary edema can occur, and the patient loses consciousness. The main cause of this pathology is coronary heart disease.

As for supraventricular tachycardia, it occurs in people suffering from hypertension, heart disease and thyroid pathologies. This subspecies appears with the following symptoms:

  • cardiopalmus;
  • dizziness;
  • discomfort in the chest area – heaviness;
  • weakness in the body.

An attack can begin suddenly, but what to take with tachycardia, how to help a person whose symptoms indicate an ailment, and by what signs can a problem be determined?

symptomatology

The disease has its own characteristic manifestations, among which the following are most often noted:

  1. If a person has trembling fingers at the time of the attack with his arms extended forward, then this symptom may indicate that he took a large number of medications or, independently, without consulting a doctor, started taking a medication that does not suit him.
  2. With tachycardia, which manifests itself quite often, a sharp loss of body weight can be observed. In this case, the reason may be associated with the use of hormonal drugs, as well as drugs that suppress appetite.
  3. During an attack of tachycardia, severe sweating can be observed, then the most likely reason is that the patient took a large dose of caffeine.
  4. With tachycardia, nervousness can be observed, in this case it provokes smoking, physical activity.

Tachycardia can be caused by stress, excessive drinking, insomnia, and overwork.

Pathology may indicate that a person has serious health problems, such as:

  • inflammatory process affecting the heart muscle;
  • high blood pressure;
  • disorders of the thyroid gland;
  • decrease in sugar level.

But in order to accurately say what to take with tachycardia, it is necessary to seek the help of a doctor so that he finds out the exact cause of this condition and prescribes the correct therapy. But at the time of the attack, you can help a person yourself.

Physiological Tachycardia

Let’s look at the causes that most often cause an increase in heart rate in a healthy person.

  1. Physical stress caused by any kind of activity: running, any kind of sport, physical work, weight lifting, as well as stress when screaming during scandals.
  2. Strong emotions of any nature. It can be fear, joy, grief, irritation, agitation, hatred.
  3. Elevated body temperature often provokes tachycardia. Have you noticed that when a person has a fever, there is a chill? It is the result of heart palpitations. It is proved that increasing the temperature by a degree entails an increase in heart rate by 10 beats per minute.
  4. Environmental factors: stay in a stuffy room, dirty air, atmosphere during a thunderstorm.
  5. Drinks, which include caffeine, energy drinks.
  6. Binge eating.
  7. Some allergic reactions.
  8. Hot flashes in women during menopause.

How to determine the number of strokes during physical activity, which is the norm for you? It is necessary from 220 to take away your age in years. For example, if you are 40 years old, then from 220 to take away 30 will be 180 beats per minute – the maximum allowable number of strokes.

The listed causes of tachycardia are the most harmless: they do not affect the state of health in any way. It can be said that this is a normal reaction of a healthy body to external stimuli. What to do to get rid of an attack of physiological tachycardia? The most important thing is peace. Take a comfortable body position, drink sedative if necessary, lie down, close your eyes.

Before the doctor arrives, you can alleviate the condition in this way: open the window so that fresh air enters the room, open the collar. Drink some heart drops – Valocordin, Corvalol, tincture of valerian or motherwort. Wash with cold water, put cold on your head.

Reflex methods help to lower the pulse. For example, apply pressure on the eyeballs for about ten seconds. This should reduce the number of heart contractions. The same effect is exerted by breath and breath holding, an imitation of a strong cough.

What can you eat and drink?

In addition to the fact that with tachycardia, the doctor recommends doing therapeutic exercises at home, or rather walking, you still need to eat right. But first about walking. It must be fast, you must always adhere to the same pace.

The doctor also advises people with tachycardia to stop smoking, eating fatty, spicy, salty and spicy foods. Do not abuse alcohol, strong coffee and tea. It is better to give preference to green tea, if you can’t do without it.

It is worth eating regularly, make sure not to overeat, otherwise the attack may recur. The following foods must be present in the daily diet:

  • honey;
  • raisins;
  • dried apricots;
  • dogrose broth;
  • bran bread;
  • Fresh fruits and berries.

It is also worth remembering that stress and overload can trigger an attack.

But what drugs should be taken for tachycardia, what do experts advise?

Electric pulse therapy

Many people care about the serious question of what to take with heart tachycardia. Medications do not always help, charging also did not give the desired relief, so what should I do? In severe cases, the doctor conducts electropulse treatment – this is when a charge of current can bring the patient back to life. This technique is most effective for patients with ventricular tachycardia, in which death can occur without emergency care.

But only a doctor can use this technique, because it starts with an indirect heart massage, and a discharge is used, which gradually increases. If this technique is used immediately after cardiac arrest, then in 95% it shows an excellent result.

Surgical intervention can effectively cope with tachycardia, but only if there are additional foci of the disease. So, for example, the patient has a flickering arrhythmia, which is located in the area of ​​the pulmonary veins. After laser coagulation, a stable remission is observed in most patients.

With constant attacks of ventricular tachycardia, the doctor recommends the installation of a cardioverter-defibrillator, which, using a current discharge, leads to short-term cardiac arrest. This device is placed in the subclavian region on the right or left side under the skin.

How to help the patient with tachycardia and hypertensive crisis?

Very often, tachycardia occurs with high blood pressure. In this case, it is necessary to reduce the pressure as soon as possible by taking any of the following drugs: Nifedipine, Clonidine, Captopril or any other proven tool that helps the patient cope with high blood pressure. Half an hour after taking the pill, you need to evaluate the patient’s condition. If the pressure has not decreased, then you need to urgently call an ambulance.

As for folk methods, vinegar will help to reduce pressure. He is poured into a basin and placed there. After 10 minutes, the pressure begins to decrease.

Conclusion

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To summarize, we can say for sure that tachycardia is a serious condition of the body that requires a quick response and qualified help. If simple exercises fail to cope with it, then it is better to go to the hospital, otherwise there is a risk of missing the symptoms of ventricular tachycardia. As a result, this can lead to the death of the patient. Consulting a doctor and identifying the cause of tachycardia will help to cope with the attack quickly and without health consequences.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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