- strong hormonal “jump”, affecting the increased heart rate;
- weight gain;
- individual reaction to drugs;
- violation of the water-electrolyte balance with severe toxicosis;
- displacement of the heart due to an increase in the uterus in the later stages;
- heart failure;
- low pressure ;
- pathology of the thyroid gland;
- bronchial asthma;
- heavy bleeding;
- high body temperature;
- frequent stress, anxiety, anxiety;
- physical exercise;
- bad habits (alcohol, smoking).
Speaking about the diagnosis of tachycardia, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the body of each future mother. Someone feels great even when “busting” the weight, and someone already with the slightest excitement “jumps out” of the heart. However, there are symptoms that indicate a possible threat to the health of the mother and baby. “Sound an alarm” is necessary if:
- there is an excess of heart rate without physical exertion (more than 90 beats per minute);
- often a breakdown, drowsiness;
- dizzy, parts of the body go numb, a noise is heard in the ears;
- fainting with nausea, bouts of sweating and indigestion;
- pain spreads to the region of the heart;
- the condition is exacerbated by increased anxiety and irritability.
Heart palpitations are a normal “companion” of pregnancy, and such attacks alone should not cause a future mother to panic. However, if any of these symptoms is added to them, and even for a long time, a doctor’s consultation is necessary as soon as possible in order to eliminate serious pregnancy complications.
Diagnosis of tachycardia is:
- consultations of doctors (gynecologist, cardiologist, endocrinologist, etc.);
- conducting electrocardiograms and dopplerography to monitor heart rhythm;
- the behavior of the echocardiogram and ultrasound to determine the work of the heart, blood vessels and identify pathologies.
A comprehensive examination will help the doctor identify the root causes of tachycardia and give the necessary recommendations to alleviate the condition of the pregnant woman.
During an attack of tachycardia, a pregnant woman should in no case give in to panic. First of all, you should try to calm down and perform a few simple steps:
- it is convenient to sit or lie down, close your eyes and relax;
- taking a deep breath, hold your breath for a short while and exhale slowly;
- if possible, apply a cold compress to your forehead or simply wash your face with cold water;
- go out into the air or open a window.
There are also herbal medicines (Volokardin, Corvalol) that normalize the heartbeat, but they should not be taken without a doctor’s recommendation.
The tactics of treating tachycardia directly depends on the causes of its occurrence. Most often, it is sufficient to maintain peace, proper rest, eating the necessary amount
, “Raising immunity.” As a sedative, a doctor may be prescribed sedatives (valerian or motherwort).
If the attacks of a rapid heartbeat are caused by certain diseases, medication is prescribed:
- normalizing the nervous system (Persen, Novo-Assit);
- “Leveling” the heart rate and having antiarrhythmic action (Flekanil, Verapamil);
- restoring tissue of the heart muscle (Panangin).
These drugs can be taken only as directed by a doctor in a strictly prescribed dosage and schedule.
To ease the increase in the load on the body while waiting for the baby, the future mother should instill in her “good habits” from her first pregnancy (and even better – before conception), which are:
- healthy eating: refusal from fatty, spicy, salty and smoked in favor of fresh steamed vegetables, fruits, cereals and lean meat;
- healthy drinks: herbal tea, juices, clean still water and refusal of coffee, “chemical” and sweet soda;
- complete peace of mind: “sweeping away” stressful situations with nervous strain and full concentration on the only important task in a given period of time is to endure and give birth to a healthy baby!
Usually during pregnancy, not only the whole appearance of the female body itself changes dramatically, but, of course, the work of some of its internal organs. And even more than that, directly during pregnancy, the load on absolutely all organs almost doubles. And probably that is why most women, during such a truly interesting situation, also learn about such a disease as tachycardia itself.
However, unfortunately, there is no need to talk about any specific causes of tachycardia itself. Of course, they can be completely different, and besides, absolutely all factors have not been fully studied. Among many pregnant women, the main reason for this is considered to be the high content of hormones, which actually speed up the heartbeat.
Most often, the reasons that the heart beats too often with the expectant mother are physiological and are explained by changes in the body. In the early stages, the sex glands begin to intensively synthesize hormones, which affects the state of all systems, and especially on the heart. The increased release of hormones into the blood stimulates the activity of the heart muscle, as a result, tachycardia develops.
The causes of tachycardia at different stages of pregnancy can also be:
- excessive anxiety;
- Iron-deficiency anemia;
- lack of certain vitamins and minerals;
- the systematic use of certain drugs, in particular Papaverine;
- thyroid disorders;
- an attack of bronchial asthma;
- excessive amounts of coffee;
- increase or decrease in blood pressure;
- infectious or inflammatory disease;
In some cases, increased heart rate signals pregnancy pathologies. For example, tachycardia can occur with an ectopic pregnancy.
Sometimes women during pregnancy do not pay attention to the fact that their heart beats too hard. Many attribute this tachycardia symptom to fatigue or high stress. However, repeated bouts of heart palpitations should not be ignored. The alarming symptoms indicating that the increase in heart rate is not just a physiological phenomenon in pregnant women are the following:
- dizziness and weakness;
- nausea, in some cases vomiting;
- intestinal disorders in the form of frequent diarrhea or constipation;
- pain behind the sternum on the left side;
- numbness of the left arm or other parts of the body.
The first aid for tachycardia during pregnancy is to provide the body with an influx of fresh air. You need to go outside or open a window. Breathe smoothly and deeply, if possible lie down. Put a compress with cold water on your face. Listen to your heart rate. If in the process of a heartbeat it sometimes misses strokes, you should definitely consult a doctor – this symptom indicates paroxysmal tachycardia.
It is recommended to check the pulse also for expectant mothers who had problems in terms of cardiology before pregnancy. If they suffer from any kind of cardiac pathology, they may develop sinus tachycardia.
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- In the early stages
- In late terms
- Sinus tachycardia during pregnancy: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
- Causes of Tachycardia
- Tachycardia treatment
- Causes of increased heart rate in pregnant women
- Why arises
- What complaints
- In late terms
- Tachycardia during pregnancy: what is dangerous in the early and late stages, causes, diagnosis, treatment (heart palpitations during pregnancy)
- What complaints
- Tachycardia during pregnancy: what is dangerous in the early and late stages, causes, diagnosis, treatment (heart palpitations during pregnancy)
- What complaints
- What complaints
- What are the forecasts?
In the early stages
In the first months of gestation, tachycardia can manifest itself as one of the symptoms of toxicosis or as a result of hormonal changes. Heart palpitations appear with excitement, nervous tension, physical activity. If after an attack the heart returns to normal and does not bother anymore – most likely, some external factors caused the increased heartbeat.
To avoid similar attacks, the expectant mother in the first months of bearing a baby needs to avoid stress and heavy loads. With increased nervous excitability, the doctor may recommend herbal medicine. Herbal teas with a sedative effect do a good job of tachycardia caused by emotional stress.
You can make such tea yourself. To do this, take two parts of the roots of valerian and motherwort herb and one part of the yarrow and anise fruits. All components to mix. Pour a tablespoon of the herbal mixture into a glass, pour boiling water, insist an hour. Pass the resulting infusion through cheesecloth and drink two sips. You can also divide the drink into 2 parts, one to drink in the morning, the second closer to night.
This tool will help you fall asleep faster and sleep better. With systematic use, the infusion will remove tachycardia completely or reduce the frequency of its occurrence.
In late terms
A rapid heartbeat during pregnancy at 7 – 9 months is almost the norm, because the fetus raises the abdominal organs, they compress the chest and the heart has to work in difficult conditions, so its rhythm changes. The following factors can cause a tachycardia attack in a future mother:
- Bad habits, in particular smoking and a love of caffeinated drinks.
- Taking certain medications. In order to avoid the development of tachycardia, you need to get acquainted with the content of the annotation, which is always in the medicine box.
In the first weeks of gestation, a rapid heartbeat caused by an illness can cause a miscarriage. She also threatens the health of the future baby and mother.
If the pregnancy is complicated by a cardiological disease that causes periodic attacks of tachycardia, the mother is examined and prescribed her treatment, which will help to avoid a threat to her health and life. Such women are registered, carefully monitor the condition of the fetus. Cardiological disorders with tachycardia attacks are an indication for elective caesarean section.
The pulse rate in each person is individual and depends directly on age, physique, physical health. But pregnancy is a special condition, and the causes of heart palpitations during pregnancy can be different, some of them are still inexplicable.
The main reason for the high frequency of contractions of the heart muscle is the restructuring of the hormonal background of the body. But some factors also influence the development of this condition. For example, risk factors that can cause the development of heart palpitations during pregnancy:
- Profuse blood loss.
- Constant stress.
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Depression and anxiety.
- Bronchial asthma.
- Infectious diseases that lead to fever.
- Placental abruption.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Sepsis of blood.
- Side effect of drugs.
- Reception of a large amount of vitamins.
- Allergic reactions.
Sinus tachycardia during pregnancy: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
This leads to discomfort in women, but in some cases it is considered a normal condition, since the body is experiencing great stress.
If concomitant symptoms appear, you should contact a specialist who will establish the need for therapy according to the diagnostic results.
Causes of Tachycardia
In a healthy person, the number of contractions of the heart muscle is in the range of 60–90 beats per minute. In women during pregnancy at rest, tachycardia and other disorders should not occur. But with minor physical exertion, the number of heart contractions (heart rate) can increase to 15 beats per minute.
Tachycardia – acceleration of the heart rate up to 100 beats per minute or more. The causes of this condition are:
- Excess weight or its rapid gain during pregnancy.
- An abnormal location of the heart muscle or a change against the background of an increase in the uterus, pressure on the diaphragm and blood vessels.
- Pathologies of the thyroid gland, characterized by significant production of hormones.
- Anemia that occurs during the period of bearing a child.
- An increase in body temperature. When the heart rate rises by 10 beats, a temperature increase of one degree occurs.
- Bronchial asthma.
- Inflammation of the lung tissue.
- Intense bleeding that occurs during an ectopic pregnancy, trauma, or placental abruption.
- Dehydration. This condition is observed with toxicosis, when frequent vomiting appears.
- Severe blood poisoning or infectious diseases.
- Allergic reaction. Symptoms may occur with allergenic foods or with medications.
- Hyperactivity of the nervous system.
- Congenital and acquired diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
- Bad habits.
There are several reasons for the appearance of sinus tachycardia, and when diagnosing a disorder, the doctor must take into account all factors that can have a negative effect.
Women often ignore the symptoms of tachycardia, believing that they are not dangerous. Seizures, at first glance, do not pose a threat to life and health, but in cases where they are regular and prolonged, you need to contact a specialist.
A rapid heartbeat, which is not pronounced, is not considered a deviation from the norm, since the heart muscle of a pregnant woman is under stress.
During the period of gestation, the volume of circulating blood in the vessels increases, which ensures the flow of oxygen and nutrients into the child’s body. They are necessary for full development.
But a young mother should pay attention to a number of the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Disruption of the intestines.
- Pain in the chest, which is often localized in the region of the heart.
- Numbness of the limbs.
- Dizziness and fainting.
- Fast fatiguability.
All signs may be a symptom of a serious disorder. That is why, when they appear against the background of a rapid heartbeat, you need to see a doctor.
In case of suspicion of sinus tachycardia during pregnancy, the doctor prescribes a number of diagnostic measures, which include:
- Gynecologist consultation.
- Examination by a cardiologist to exclude congenital or acquired cardiac abnormalities.
- Electrography. It is indicated to establish the rhythm of the heartbeat and identify the causes of sinus tachycardia. First of all, EOS is determined.
- Echocardiographic examination. Helps determine the presence of heart murmur.
- Dopplerography. It is prescribed for suspected heart disease.
A woman should also be tested for blood, urine and feces. If necessary, the patient may be referred to an endocrinologist, pulmonologist or vascular surgeon for consultation.
With a tachycardia attack, a woman should first of all calm down, relax and rest (read more about removing a tachycardia attack at home here). Most often, the heartbeat is restored. In cases where it does not disappear, you need to contact a gynecologist. The doctor will diagnose and prescribe treatment, depending on the cause.
A minor deviation from the norm is considered acceptable. This is due to the fact that the mother’s body works for two. To worry about this condition is not worth it. Nervousness and anxiety can only exacerbate the situation.
Especially you should not worry in the case when tachycardia or arrhythmia is manifested during physical exertion. This is a normal reaction of the body to ongoing changes. After a short rest, the heart rate will be restored.
Important! The most disturbed heart rhythm is manifested in the last weeks of pregnancy. This is due to pressure on the diaphragm.
When tachycardia is established, when the seizures are long and strong enough, sedatives, vitamin complexes are prescribed. All medications are prescribed only by a doctor. It is strictly forbidden to take funds on your own or conduct therapy at home.
Lack of therapy for severe attacks can cause the development of other diseases of the heart muscle or blood vessels.
Also, the consequences of the violation can be insomnia, anxiety, decreased immunity. In addition, the risk of complications and loss of the child increases.
In the baby, tachycardia can also be detected. The causes are most often maternal diseases, intrauterine infection, developmental abnormalities, circulatory disturbances in the umbilical cord.
If suspected, the doctor will conduct a diagnosis and prescribe a course of therapy. If the diagnosis is confirmed, immediate treatment is required. Timely medical care will help to exclude the development of acidosis.
To reduce the risk of developing tachycardia and give birth to a healthy baby, a number of preventive measures should be observed:
- Rest more often. The female body is under heavy stress, and it needs a long rest.
- To refuse from bad habits.
- Exclude medication.
- Avoid stress.
- Do yoga or swimming.
- Limit physical activity.
It is important for a woman to monitor her health. Many are interested, if sinus tachycardia is established during pregnancy, is it possible to give birth on their own? Violation, when it passes to a mild degree, is not a contraindication to natural childbirth.
Tachycardia during pregnancy is not always dangerous. In some cases, only specialist supervision is required. But with the appearance of concomitant symptoms, urgent medical attention is needed, as the risk of developing serious consequences and diseases in the child increases.
The body of the expectant mother is forced to function in an enhanced rhythm. The load on the cardiovascular system is especially increased, because the heart has to pump a much larger volume of blood than before pregnancy. Other factors (changes in a woman’s body weight, lack of certain microelements in the body) also increase the likelihood of tachycardia.
Information In most cases, a slight increase in heart rate does not pose a serious danger to the expectant mother and fetus, but you need to know which symptoms should consult a doctor.
The main reason for increasing the heart rate in pregnant women is a change in the hormonal background in the body. Among other causes, tachycardia can be caused by the following factors:
- weight gain of the expectant mother and, as a result, a change in blood volume in the body;
- the appearance of anemia;
- the occurrence of hypotension (persistent decrease in blood pressure);
- smoking during pregnancy;
- drinking alcohol;
- the use of vasoconstrictor drugs;
- the use of black coffee or strong tea;
- more intense metabolism in the body;
- violation of the water balance due to toxicosis.
In some cases, tachycardia attacks can be asymptomatic, but more often a woman notices the following symptoms:
- the appearance of sharp pain in the heart;
- a feeling of lack of air, accompanied by the emergence of a state of unmotivated anxiety;
- feeling of great tiredness, deterioration of health;
- the occurrence of dizziness.
important Usually, tachycardia attacks are short-lived, but if the symptoms are too frequent or prolonged, consult a doctor.
In order to establish an accurate diagnosis with the appearance of tachycardia symptoms, it is advisable for a future mother to undergo the following examinations:
- electrocardiography (ECG) is an inexpensive and affordable diagnostic method that allows you to determine the frequency and regularity of heart contractions and identify possible irregularities in its work;
- echocardiography (echocardiography) – a method for studying various changes in the heart and its valves;
- XNUMX-hour ECG monitoring (Holter diagnostics) – is a constant recording of a cardiogram during the day using a special device attached to the human body. It is an effective method for detecting heart rhythm disturbances.
In order to eliminate the symptoms of tachycardia and normalize the heart rate during pregnancy, the following methods are used:
- The use of herbal preparations (valerian extract. Hawthorn and others) – only after consultation with the doctor. Even supposedly harmless drugs are best taken only in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, and non-drug methods of treatment should be used during the first three months.
- The use of vitamin and mineral complexes. contributing to the normalization of metabolism and the elimination of deficiency of the most important trace elements.
- Ensuring physical and psychological rest during tachycardia attacks.
- Learning how to normalize breathing in case of signs of heart palpitations.
Additionally, a certain increase in heart rate within 90 beats / min and even higher during physical activity is a variant of the norm, therefore, it does not require special treatment.
With a sufficiently prolonged manifestation of tachycardia symptoms in women, the following complications may occur:
- heart failure, i.e. insufficient ability of the heart to pump the necessary amount of blood;
- the appearance of blood clots in the vessels, resulting in a significantly increased likelihood of a stroke or heart attack;
- tendency to fainting.
Causes of increased heart rate in pregnant women
Episodes of tachycardia can be associated with physical activity (for example, when climbing to the fifth floor), stress, and may occur suddenly at rest (paroxysms). Also, heart rate is sometimes constantly high.
For each case, many diseases can be hidden, which only a specialist can figure out.
Tachycardia is detected if the heart rate reaches 90 or more per minute. It can be permanent and transient (paraxismal).
In the latter case, paroxysms can last as a minute, two, or several days. Tachycardia is not a separate disease, but a symptom that is characteristic of many ailments.
The mechanism of tachycardia in all cases is similar.
In order for the heart muscle to contract, an impulse is needed. Normally, it is generated in the atrial region with a frequency of 60 to 90 per minute. With tachycardia, it is this process that is violated – the formation of a nerve impulse. Depending on where the signals come from to reduce the heart, and types of tachycardia are isolated.
- Sinus Normally, impulses are generated from the sinus node located in the left ventricle. This is clearly seen when recording ECG, sinus rhythm is its first characteristic. If the number of pulses from this place increases, the heart often contracts and tachycardia occurs. This is the absolute norm for many conditions, for example, during physical exertion, weight lifting, fright. If the frequency of impulses from the sinus node exceeds 90, it is customary to talk about sinus tachycardia. The reasons for this are mostly heartless.
- Paroxysmal atrial In this case, the impulse is generated in some part of the atrium, but not in the sinus node. Has a favorable course.
- Paroxysmal ventricular. It occurs when the focus of excitation in the ventricles is localized. It has a more unfavorable course and a pronounced clinical picture compared to the rest. Often associated with serious heart defects or heart muscle disease.
- Paroxysmal from the AV compound. The generating impulse arises in the region where the AV node is located – at the border of the atria and ventricles.
All types of tachycardia can be differentiated by ECG. Their clinical picture is approximately the same.
Atrial tachycardia of the heart during pregnancy is most often caused by some kind of functional impairment. For example, with excessive production of thyroid hormones, overwork and lack of sleep.
Ventricular in most cases occurs against the background of serious destructive changes in the myocardium – myocarditis, post-infarction complications, heart defects.
The following main causes of increased heart rate during pregnancy can be distinguished.
- Chronic diseases First of all, it is a cardiovascular pathology – myocarditis, heart failure, condition after heart surgery, heart defects. In addition, the pathology of the respiratory system (bronchial asthma, pulmonary pneumosclerosis, emphysema) with increased stress during pregnancy can provoke tachycardia.
- Endocrine diseases. Most often, rhythm disturbance is associated with problems in the thyroid gland. With hypothyroidism, a decrease occurs, with hyperthyroidism – an increase in heart rate. Moreover, such symptoms can give individual nodes, malignant neoplasms or functional disorders in autoimmune thyroiditis.
- Infectious diseases. Sinus tachycardia during pregnancy in this case occurs due to intoxication, high temperature (a rise of 1 ° C leads to an increase in heart rate by 10-15 units), dehydration. If the lungs and bronchi are involved, tachycardia occurs compensatory in response to a temporary lack of oxygen.
- Anemia. More than half of pregnant women during pregnancy pass through reduced hemoglobin. In conditions of anemia, tissues receive less oxygen, to compensate for hypoxia, tachycardia and rapid breathing occur.
- Bleeding. Placental abruption or other bleeding leads to an increase in heart rate, the numbers of which directly reflect the degree of blood loss.
- Toxicosis. With moderate and severe vomiting in a pregnant woman against the background of dehydration and metabolic changes, sinus tachycardia also occurs. If there are any heart defects or a predisposition to heart disease, other species can be ascertained.
- High pressure. Arterial hypertension or preeclampsia are characterized by a parallel increase in heart rate with increasing blood pressure. With the normalization of pressure indicators, the pulse also drops.
- Overweight. Pregnant women who are initially overweight are more susceptible to episodes of tachycardia against the background of an increased load on the heart during gestation.
- Smoking. Permanent smokers have reduced lung volume. In addition, the body is in conditions of chronic hypoxia. In order to compensate for these conditions, the heart rate rises.
- Taking medication. Many drugs affect heart rate. For example, on Ginipral in tablets or injections, a serious increase in heart rate occurs, to prevent this, medications that reduce heart rate are prescribed at the same time (for example, Verapamil).
- Stress. Emotionally labile women will often experience tachycardia due to the greater susceptibility of their autonomic nervous system. In response to stress (negative or positive), the production of adrenaline increases, which directly increases the heart rate.
As the gestational age increases, the load on the woman’s body increases. A growing uterus reduces the space for the lungs and provokes shortness of breath. It also exerts pressure on the heart through the diaphragm, as a result of which it changes its position. The volume of circulating blood and the need for oxygen are increasing. Together, this leads to an increase in the heart rate of a woman in comparison with her initial indicators.
With a constant form of tachycardia, a pregnant woman may not notice a change in her health.
With paroxysms, she ascertains a “sudden frequent heartbeat”, and if extrasystole (another type of rhythm disturbance) joins tachycardia, the sensations are described as “sinking in the heart, bubbling.”
In parallel or separately, the following symptoms of tachycardia during pregnancy in the early and late stages may be disturbing:
- pressure reduction;
- pulse is sometimes higher than 140-160 beats per minute;
- dizziness and darkening in the eyes;
- weakness, lethargy – constantly or at the time of paroxysm;
- nausea and even vomiting;
- trembling throughout the body;
- increased sweating of the palms of the hands;
- feeling of anxiety;
- pain in the heart;
- numbness of arms, legs;
- increased pressure may be recorded;
- diuresis increases.
For each individual condition, in addition to the main symptoms, others may occur, for example, temperature – with infection, dehydration – with poisoning.
To find out the cause of tachycardia, an examination by a general practitioner and often a narrow specialist (cardiologist, endocrinologist, infectious disease specialist) is necessary. To confirm tachycardia and determine its type, the following is performed.
- ECG recording. The usual cardiogram will give comprehensive information with a constant form of tachycardia. Make it quick and easy, it eliminates serious diseases (such as ischemia and heart attack).
- Xm. Holter monitoring – round-the-clock ECG recording. For this, a pregnant woman is equipped with a special device for recording data. Their analysis allows you to identify episodes of even short-term tachycardia, as well as arrhythmias.
In addition, the following studies can be used for diagnosis.
- ECHO-KG (ultrasound of the heart). Helps to identify defects, impaired contractile function of the heart muscle, blood flow.
- Analysis for hormones. Most often, it is necessary to study the function of the thyroid gland with the definition of T3, T4, TSH. It is helpful to perform an ultrasound scan of an organ.
- General analyzes. They help to exclude infectious pathology, anemia.
The true cause of tachycardia in a pregnant woman can only be determined by a specialist after a detailed examination. The main thing is to notice the problem in time and consult a doctor without self-medication.
Everyone who has ever encountered such paroxysms or has a constant high heart rate is concerned about the question of how tachycardia during pregnancy can be dangerous for a woman and a fetus. Violation of the rhythm, especially episodic, can lead to the following:
- the risk of thromboembolic complications – during gestation and childbirth;
- the risk of disturbances is placental insufficiency, hypoxia, fetal growth retardation.
To monitor the intrauterine state of the baby throughout the pregnancy (from 22-26 weeks), CTG is regularly recorded. According to the received schedule, which registers fetal heart contractions, it is possible to judge how much the condition is compensated.
With frequent contractions, the heart muscle wears out faster. This increases the likelihood of myocardiopathies and dystrophies. But this does not apply to temporary forms of tachycardia, which occur, for example, against the background of a disease or after exercise.
If you suspect a tachycardia attack during pregnancy, you should contact your doctor or a specialist with a narrow profile. After establishing the cause, management tactics will be chosen – treatment or just observation. First aid for seizures is as follows.
- Lie down horizontally. This will provide blood flow to the brain, which helps not to lose consciousness.
- Calm down. Focus on positive emotions and pleasant thoughts. If at hand – drink valerian or “Valocordin”. It is not worth it to take other drugs on your own (for example, the popular “Glycine” core).
- Take a breath. A deep breath and a breath hold of three to five seconds reflexively cause a change in the place of formation of a nerve impulse in the heart.
- Apply a compress. A cold compress on the face reflexively helps relieve an attack of tachycardia.
In many cases, episodes of tachycardia do not require medical treatment. However, if necessary, the following groups of drugs are used.
- Sedative drugs. It can be both herbal remedies (Hawthorn, Magvit, Magnesium B6, Novopassit, Persen), and more serious ones – Diazepam, Etazitsin.
- Affecting heart rate. The drugs that normalize heart rate include Verapamil, Atenolol, Metoprolol. Less commonly used are Novocainamide, Quinidine.
In late terms
- Sit down and relax, try to calm down.
- Do light gymnastics for pregnant women, yoga.
- Drink a glass of water.
- Ventilate the room.
- Lie down, cover your eyes.
- Drink some water.
- Turn on relaxing music, calm down and relax.
Tachycardia during pregnancy: what is dangerous in the early and late stages, causes, diagnosis, treatment (heart palpitations during pregnancy)
The number of heartbeats per minute at rest in a woman is approximately 60-80. However, during pregnancy, the body begins to actively rebuild. Therefore, the heartbeat in the early stages of pregnancy is rapid and reaches about 120 beats or more. The reasons are hormonal changes and fast metabolic processes. During this period, the body needs much more vitamins, especially magnesium, a lack of which can provoke the development of tachycardia.
An increase in the rhythm of the heart in early pregnancy is observed very often, and mainly due to physical activity and stressful situations. You should eliminate annoying factors, as well as review your diet, eat more foods that are rich in magnesium and potassium (seafood, raisins, bananas, dried apricots).
If the heart palpitations bother the future mother only occasionally and disappears after excluding the causes of her occurrence (excitement, physical activity), there is nothing wrong with him. In the event that the attacks are of a prolonged nature, occur frequently and greatly worsen the general condition of the pregnant woman, you must immediately consult a doctor to find out the reasons.
Tachycardia caused by heart diseases is dangerous for the life and health of the expectant mother and baby, since this is fraught with many risks not only of the fetus developing during gestation, but also complications in childbirth. That is why it is so important to start treatment on time in order to bear and give birth to a healthy baby, while maintaining their own health.
- Organize the correct daily routine.
- Eat properly and rationally.
- Watch your weight.
- Refuse nicotine and alcohol.
- Limit coffee consumption.
- More to be in the fresh air.
In the early stages of pregnancy, the heartbeat is treated with drugs of medicinal origin based on mint, valerian, lemon balm, and chamomile. For example, Persen, Nova Passit. In addition, this ailment is successfully treated with infusions of herbs that strengthen the heart muscle: dogrose, hawthorn. In the later stages, a rapid heartbeat during pregnancy is treated with vitamin-mineral complexes, which include potassium and magnesium, as well as vitamin B and sedatives.
No need to self-medicate, even herbal tea can cause complications and lead to miscarriage.
What are the forecasts?
Tachycardia in the early stages of pregnancy and in the second trimester is observed very often. The condition of the pregnant woman can be improved with the help of preventive measures. After childbirth, this condition will usually go away on its own, without affecting either the health of the mother or the baby.
Thus, a rapid heartbeat and pulse during pregnancy is not a pathology, but a natural course of the process of bearing a baby. But you should not relax. At the slightest discomfort, you must inform your doctor about this.