Features of pain in the region of the heart, what it can be and what to do

In this case, it is impossible to single out a single clinical picture, since each type of pain is a symptom of a certain pathological process.

Stitching pain in the heart may indicate intercostal neuralgia, blood flow disorders, tachycardia.

Aching pain in the heart often has a psychosomatic etiology. However, only a doctor can determine this factor accurately after an examination. Symptoms, in this case, can be supplemented by such signs:

  • apathy, a sharp change in mood;
  • loss of appetite;
  • sleep disturbance – a person may suffer from insomnia or, on the contrary, constantly feel the need for sleep;
  • headache;
  • aching heart pain is periodic, aggravated after a nervous strain.

The presence of such a clinical picture, just like in other cases, requires medical attention. If the psychological factor is confirmed, the cardiologist will redirect the patient to a neuropsychiatrist.

The presence of such a clinical picture requires immediate medical attention. Procrastination or ignoring of such symptoms can be fatal.

Clinicians note that quite often dull pain in the heart area is caused by osteochondrosis. In this clinical case, the following symptoms may be observed:

  • tingling fingers and numbness of the upper limbs;
  • pain gives to the left hand;
  • pain intensifies when the head, body, turns of the arm or load on the spine;
  • the nature of the pain is acute and gradual.

Pain in the heart with osteochondrosis can turn into chronic, so you should seek timely medical help for complex treatment.

Pain in the left side of the chest, heart palpitations, interruptions in the work of the heart, sudden loss of consciousness and fainting are the main symptoms that require immediate medical attention if there is a pain in the heart. What to do if negative factors are identified and how to determine the root cause of pain in order to properly treat the affected organ?

A preliminary diagnosis can be made by describing the nature of the discomfort according to the patient. It is noted: if the latter describes the symptoms colorfully, in all details, and even fixes them “by pencil,” then the pain center, most likely, can be a consequence of damage to other organs. If, moreover, an inconsistent time period and the nature of the pain, accompanied by an accelerated heartbeat, are noticed, then the cause of the disease is probably out of the heart range.

In the case of an avaricious description of pain in verbal form, but with a clear reproduction of its nature in memory, it is necessary to take the patient’s complaint seriously, as this may indicate the presence of a serious heart disease.

I would like to note that most female people complain of a burning sensation in the back or upper part of the thoracic region, without linking them together and heart pain. Symptoms of problems with the “motor” of our body are manifested in general weakness, shortness of breath, the appearance of cold sweat and dizziness.

The most common factor, most of which provokes the appearance of cardiac discomfort, is considered to be emotional feelings or stress. A person who is in a state of nervous overexcitation feels pain in the shoulder and cervical region. The existing panic condition exacerbates the concomitant fear of a possible onset of a heart attack. In fact, acute pain in the heart is a consequence of muscle strain and the emotional state of the patient.

One of the common signs of heart problems is shortness of breath, worse during physical exertion and when lying down, and weakening at rest when taking a sitting posture. The feeling of lack of air and difficulty breathing is the result of stagnation of blood in the lungs and an increase in pressure in the pulmonary capillaries.

Description of the nature of heart pain

The danger of heart pain – why not stand it?

The fact is that in the event of a heart catastrophe (for example, sudden coronary death) there is no more than 5 minutes of time at room temperature for the person to return to life as a person.

In the event that cardiopulmonary resuscitation, indirect cardiac massage, defibrillation and other techniques begin after 6 to 7 minutes or more after stopping breathing and blood circulation, we will get a person with serious manifestations of hypoxic encephalopathy. He will have a serious problem with memory, working capacity, his character will change. Most likely, he will have to leave his work of an intellectual nature, or fill out a disability.

Resuscitation after 10 minutes can lead to the fact that the “vegetable”, that is, a person with a dead cerebral cortex, will be returned to life.

Of course, these are the most extreme and gloomy forecasts. More often, pain does not indicate sudden death and loss of consciousness, but about many different processes that can occur not only in the heart, but also in other organs. How to recognize that it was precisely a pain in the heart?

The most important thing is to identify the source of pain in the heart. A correctly diagnosed diagnosis is the key to successful treatment. It is important not to take painkillers, you need to deal with cardialgia in other ways:

  • In inflammatory lesions – with anti-inflammatory drugs, hormones, with autoimmune diseases – with the help of cytostatics, basic drugs and monoclonal antibodies;
  • In infectious lesions – rational antibacterial therapy, increased immunity, rehabilitation of foci of infection;
  • If the diagnosis of myocardial dystrophy is made, then a long treatment is necessary, with the elimination of the cause, the appointment of vitamins, enzymes, energy preparations;
  • With effusion pericarditis, pericardial puncture will bring relief;
  • If there is an attack of angina pectoris, then the main task is to prevent the occurrence of myocardial infarction. Nitrates, beta – blockers, calcium antagonists, ACE inhibitors are used.

In conclusion, it must be said that the presence of pain in the heart is always an occasion to visit a cardiologist and undergo an examination. And, even if everything is in order, and the episode of pain will be single and not dangerous – this visit will be an occasion to begin to lead a healthy lifestyle and abandon bad habits.

Tags: how heart hurts

The description of the patient’s suffering is very important at the first stage of diagnosis. It is a detailed characteristic of pain that allows the doctor to navigate in the direction of the search and minimize additional examination methods to the required minimum.

When questioning a patient, the following are taken into account:

  • conditions for the occurrence of pain (in the load or after, at rest, communication with food, at night or day)
  • the nature of the sensations (stabs, squeezes, achs, cuts, crushes, constantly or periodically)
  • pain duration
  • after which they cease.

Why can a heart ache, only a doctor can tell, after examination and making an accurate diagnosis. Initially, a detailed physical examination is carried out with clarification of complaints and medical history. During the initial examination, the doctor should find out the following:

  • how the heart hurts – localization, nature of pain, duration;
  • what additional symptoms are present;
  • conditions for the occurrence of pain in the region of the heart (when taking medication, after exercise, after an illness, and so on).

For an accurate diagnosis, the doctor prescribes laboratory and instrumental examination methods. The diagnostic program may include the following:

  • general blood and urine tests;
  • biochemical blood test;
  • chest x-ray;
  • ECG;
  • Echocardioscopy;
  • bicycle ergometry;
  • CT scan;
  • MRI.

To find out why the heart hurts, only a doctor can, after receiving the results of the examination and ascertaining the etiology. Based on this, treatment is also prescribed.

The elimination of giving, pressing or stitching pain in the heart at home or through traditional medicine is impossible. In the event that such a symptom is due to a psychological factor, outpatient treatment is possible. In general, only the doctor decides on the hospitalization of the patient, after making an accurate diagnosis.

In this case, there is no single picture of the treatment of the disease. Depending on the pathological process that provoked this symptom, basic therapy is selected. However, it should be noted that regardless of the etiology, the patient needs peace and the exclusion of nervous overstrain.

What heart pains are dangerous? What should I look for at the first signs of a malfunction in the body?

Heart pain associated with the work of the cardiovascular system, the symptoms of which are always accompanied by pressing aching pain in the chest area, can be either short-term or prolonged, with periodic intensification and decay.

It is quite difficult to describe the pressing pains in the region of the heart because of their dissimilarity: some can be sustained, while the latter can not be endured categorically – you need to remove them immediately. Discomfort in the chest area may be associated with heart disease, vegetovascular dystonia of the heart, decreased blood flow, or the effects of side factors.

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The most common causes of pain in the heart are:

  • Myocardial infarction. The cause of its occurrence is a clot formed in the vessels, which blocks the movement of blood through the arteries. The disease is characterized by very burning, pressing, tearing pain behind the sternum and to the left of it, and in this case, nitroglycerin does not help. The resulting pain radiates to the heart and is often accompanied by nausea, cold sweat and shortness of breath. This usually lasts from several minutes to an hour, involving the neck, back, shoulders, arms (especially the left) and lower jaw in the painful area. Very often a heart attack is carried on the legs, which is fraught with complications. This may be pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, severe tachyarrhythmia. Clinical death due to ventricular fibrillation may occur. It is possible to detect the presence of myocardial infarction by establishing the overall picture of the disease. Unfortunately, a clear relationship between painful saturation and a real threat to life is not always noted.
  • Heart disease. According to statistics, more than 25% of heart diseases are acquired defects, and the valves of the left side of the heart are several times more likely to be affected. The magnitude of the violation of blood flow varies 3 stages of the disease:
  1. Compensated. The heart overcomes the usual stress of life without reminding itself.
  2. Subcompensated. Symptoms occur during physical exertion.
  3. Decompensated. Aching pain in the heart is constant: both at rest and during movement.
    You can independently determine the presence of the disease with the appearance of attacks of palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, hoarseness in the voice, a blush on the face, bursting with feelings in the chest area, swelling of the lower extremities and fainting. These signs are also characteristic in the presence of other heart diseases, therefore, as soon as aching pain in the heart appears, you should immediately contact a cardiologist to establish an accurate diagnosis.
  • Myocarditis (otherwise, inflammation of the heart muscle). The reason for its appearance is rheumatism. Symptoms of the presence of this disease: weakness, dull pain in the heart, shortness of breath, manifested even in a state of inaction. Occurring in most cases as a result of physical overstrain, myocarditis may not occur immediately, but after several days. In most cases, with proper treatment, the patient can recover completely.
  • Cardiomyopathy The collective name of the diseases affecting the myocardium, and with each pain they appear differently and in different places.
  • Pericarditis is an inflammation of the outer lining of the heart (pericardial sac). The factor causing its appearance is a viral infection. Prolonged pressing pains in the sternum are accompanied by general weakness, dry cough, heaviness in the right hypochondrium, hemoptysis and possible fever. In this case, painkillers can help.
  • Mitral valve prolapse. It is a protrusion of the cusps of the mitral heart valve into the cavity of the left atrium with a contraction of the left ventricle. This disease occurs in one fourth of the population, and women are more susceptible to it than men. The disease manifests itself often at a young age and is characterized by a duration of painful sensations with a aching and oppressive feeling. In this case, nitroglycerin will not cope with the disease.

Two other possible and common causes of heart pain are described below.

Pressing pains in the region of the heart, the symptoms of which are manifested against the background of excitement (and not only), can occur as a result of damage to other organs. The main “extraneous” reasons are:

    Depression. A disease that can bring a person out of a state of mental balance and change the quality of his life for the worse. This may be a reaction to certain negative events, against which, even in a calm state, pressing pain can occur in the area of ​​the heart. Spreading along the left s >

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Angina attack

Treatment of aching heart pain

Heart pain

Myocardial infarction

Sudden sharp pain behind the sternum of a pressing or burning character, extending to the left side of the chest and back. The patient has a feeling that a very heavy load lies on the heart. A person experiences a fear of death. With a heart attack, breathing quickens, while the patient cannot lie, he is trying to sit down. Unlike angina pectoris, heart attack pain is very sharp and may be aggravated by movement. They are not removed by the usual medications for the core.

Pain in the heart occurs with inflammatory processes such as myocarditis and pericarditis.

With myocarditis, the sensations are almost the same as with angina pectoris. The main signs are aching or stitching pains, giving to the left shoulder and neck, a feeling of pressure behind the sternum, usually a little to the left. They are almost continuous and long, can be amplified during physical exertion. After taking nitroglycerin do not let go. Patients suffer from asthma attacks and shortness of breath during physical work and at night, swelling and pain in the joints are possible.

Symptoms of pericarditis are mild, dull, uniform pains and fever. Painful sensations can be localized in the left side of the chest, usually above the heart, as well as in the upper left abdomen, left shoulder blade. They intensify with coughing, with a change in body position, with deep breathing, while lying down.

Aortic diseases

Aortic aneurysm is expressed by pain in the upper chest, which lasts several days and is associated with physical effort. It does not give to other parts of the body and does not pass after nitroglycerin.

Exfoliating aortic aneurysm is characterized by severe, bursting pain behind the sternum, which may be followed by loss of consciousness. Emergency assistance required.

An early sign of this serious illness is severe chest pain, worse when you inhale. It resembles pain in angina pectoris, but does not give away to other parts of the body. It does not pass after painkillers. The patient experiences severe shortness of breath and palpitations. Cyanosis of the skin and a rapid decrease in pressure are observed. The condition requires immediate hospitalization.

How and where does a person’s heart ache?

The location of the heart in the chest

As a rule, heart pain occurs in the area of ​​its projection onto the anterior chest wall. This is the sternum, the fifth intercostal space on the left, where the apex of the heart is located – the area of ​​the left ventricle, where the apical impulse is felt. But sometimes cardiac pathology is manifested by pain, which can give in the back, in the jaw, in the teeth. In some cases, with acute myocardial infarction, there are generally suspicions of perforation of the stomach ulcer – abdominal pain can be so severe.

It must be remembered that the heart receives a vegetative innervation, not at all like muscles and skin. Therefore, the heart will hurt differently: not like a wound on the arm, a burn or a bruise. All of us once had a stomachache. Now try to transfer this particular sensation of pain to the area of ​​the heart – and you will get an idea of ​​the nature of the pain. This pain is difficult to determine: it is spread over a certain area, can come from the “very middle of the body” and have a “deep” character.

More often than not, the heart is aching. Aching pain can be long – from several minutes to hours, or even days and months. This may indicate sluggish processes, for example, endocarditis or pericarditis. The heart can also “whine” with high blood pressure, overloading the body’s chambers with a blood volume.

Sometimes the heart “stabs.” This can happen randomly, and more often than not coincide with the heart rate. Most often, people are scared when they “strongly pricked” in their chest and let go. In fact, this is just one of the most harmless options for episodic pain.

In elderly people, there is often a pressing and constricting pain, and not in the heart, but in the sternum, where the projection of large vessels is located. This dangerous pain associated with physical activity is called angina pectoris, or an attack of coronary artery disease.

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This variety of localizations and character indicates that you need to pay attention not only to the pain and its nature, but also to special signs. We list the symptoms that will make it more likely to say that it was the heart that caused the pain.

Consider the main causes of pain in the heart – acute or chronic. It will be much easier to understand the cause if we remember what our muscle pump consists of and where the pain can come from?

  • The inner lining of the cavities of the heart, forming the valve apparatus – the endocardium. Its smooth and slippery shell provides an even flow of blood through the chambers;
  • Myocardium – a powerful muscle that provides all the blood circulation of the body;
  • Pericardium – the outer membrane of the heart, consisting of two leaves. The outer leaf secures the organ in the chest with the help of ligaments, and the inner leaf of the pericardium is tightly connected with the heart. Between the leaves there is a little fluid that allows the heart to slip during contractions without loss of friction;
  • Large main vessels and nerves of the heart;
  • Coronary vessels that feed the myocardium.

From this scheme, the following sources of pain can be distinguished:

  • Acute and chronic endocarditis. It manifests itself as prolonged and mild pain in the heart, is more often bacterial in nature. It is accompanied by a rise in temperature, prolonged fever, and a general deterioration in well-being. The danger of endocarditis is in the destruction of valve flaps and the occurrence of progressive heart failure.

Also, one must not forget that various valve defects, especially those with significant volumetric overload of the atria and ventricles, can cause pain in the heart region associated with physical exertion and at rest.

  • Myocarditis. Also occur for infectious, toxic, autoimmune reasons. Signs are persistent, aching pains in the heart, a decrease in myocardial contractility. This is manifested by shortness of breath and a decrease in exercise tolerance.
  • Pericarditis. Different symptoms are manifested. Signs of effusion pericarditis we described above. Sometimes dry pericarditis occurs when fibrin strands fall between the leaves. Then quite strong and constant pains disturb. If the accumulation of effusion begins, then the pericardial leaves are disconnected, and the pain disappears, but then returns in the form of heaviness and pressure.

It happens shell-shaped, or constrictive pericarditis, as well as adhesive. In both cases, constant pain of varying intensity occurs, with the addition of symptoms of heart failure: edema, shortness of breath, enlarged liver, pulmonary edema.

  • Coronary vessels. With their spasm, a typical angina attack occurs, usually against the background of physical exertion, stress, inhalation of frosty air. Chest pain occurs, sometimes the heart and left arm hurt, pain gives to the hand, left side of the neck, jaw. Sometimes there are dangerous painless forms of ischemia, which are noticeable only on the ECG.

Finally, nerves can cause pain. This is nothing more than autonomic neuralgia. It can occur in various diseases and functional conditions, and, as a rule, it does not significantly affect the change in heart function.

There is such a diagnosis as myocardial dystrophy. This is a non-inflammatory lesion of the heart muscle caused by metabolic disorders, for example, in chronic alcoholism. If the heart aches after alcohol, then most likely the patient already has a long experience in alcohol abuse.

Let us examine the questions most often asked by patients.

Of course it can. Indeed, as discussed above, pain may not be associated with hemodynamics, but may occur as a result of organic damage, for example, the appearance of adhesions in the pericardial cavity, with inflammatory changes in the heart muscle, and vascular spasm.

It must be remembered that the hypertensive crisis, although it increases the chances of heart pain, but the heart can hurt at any pressure.

The heart can be sick for a long time, but in each case there is a specific reason. Can my heart hurt all my life? Of course not. People usually think that they have constant pain if their heart bothers for several months. The cause must be sought among organic diseases that occur with an inflammatory component (pericarditis, myocarditis, endocarditis).

In the event that there are signs of heart failure, it is highly likely that a defect is present. With myocardial dystrophy, there can also be prolonged pain, for example, with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

Of course it can. There are zones of reflected pain of Zakharyin-Ged, and in the presence of pathology of the intervertebral discs of the lower cervical and thoracic spine, cardialgia and signs of neurological symptoms may occur, for example, if the heart hurts and the hand goes numb, there is a feeling of “creeping goosebumps.”

In this case, first you need to exclude the cardiac causes of pain, as the most important, and only then do the routine diagnosis of complicated osteochondrosis.

How to distinguish cardialgia from other sources of pain?

First of all, you need to hold the wrist with four fingers of your left hand and feel your own pulse. Find out if there are interruptions, tachycardia, a frequent and threadlike pulse, as well as “failures” in the chest. If there is a rhythm disturbance, then with high probability pain can be triggered by them, especially in old age, as well as while taking all kinds of drugs, especially diuretics.

Then you need to evaluate the relationship of pain with physical activity. Under the load means various kinds of physical stress, which causes rapid breathing and acceleration of the pulse. This is brisk walking, climbing stairs, physical labor. The appearance of intense, compressive chest pain that occurs after exercise (or during its implementation) and requiring its termination is a sure sign of circulatory failure in the heart itself.

After assessing the rhythm and connection with the load, it is necessary to assess the relationship of pain with a certain pose and movement. If pain occurs during a certain movement, then, most likely, the source of pain is the musculoskeletal system (for example, intercostal neuralgia).

Of course, there is another situation – if lying on your back it is difficult to breathe and there is severe, pressing pain in the region of the heart, which intensifies every day, then this may be a symptom of fluid accumulation in the cavity of the cardiac chemise – the pericardium. Then the pain is relieved if you take the position with the chest tilted forward (or stand on all fours).

In addition to the association of pain with these important factors, other circumstances need to be assessed. So, with severe redness of the face, sweating, agitation, headache, amid emotional overstrain or physical activity, aching pain can indicate an increase in blood pressure, or a hypertensive crisis, especially in people who are overweight.

In the same case, if pain in the region of the heart is combined with sharp weakness, the appearance of a cold, sticky sweat, with a fainting state, pallor, and the appearance of a frequent and filiform pulse – this indicates the development of vascular collapse. This can be a formidable symptom of myocardial infarction, especially if a person has a strong fear of death, an earthy complexion appears, the tips of his fingers, nose and ears turn blue. This indicates a decrease in perfusion pressure in the capillaries and the beginning of tissue hypoxia. In this case, you need to urgently call an ambulance.

Note: even if the collapse occurred without any pain, then you need to urgently call an ambulance. This condition can be caused, for example, by internal bleeding – you can not hesitate, otherwise hemorrhagic shock will develop.

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease. It occurs as a result of damage to the coronary cardiac arteries that carry blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. This leads to an imbalance of oxygen and nutrients between the actual possibilities of blood supply and the needs of the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis affects the narrowing of the lumen in the heart vessels, in which the latter are covered on the inside with a fat layer (subsequently hardening), which leads to their partial obstruction.

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The presence of coronary artery disease can be judged by the appearance of shortness of breath, heartburn, suffocation, weakness in the left arm, and directly heart pain. There are also painless forms that are quite dangerous, as they are detected in the later stages. The main sign of coronary disease is a complex of the appearance of various negative symptoms during physical exertion or emotional stress, which requires full oxygenation of the heart.

First a >

which doctor treats the heart?

You need to start with a physician. He will be able to quickly diagnose underlying disorders, for example, the presence of coronary heart disease or diagnose myocarditis. One day is enough for this. It is worth recording an ECG and making an ultrasound of the heart, listening to its tones, assessing for signs of heart failure, and much will become clear, albeit at a superficial level. You can also consult a doctor – cardiologist.

What to do if my heart hurts? In the event that this happened in a young and healthy person, you need to lie down, relax, take “Valocordin”, and ventilate the room. Sometimes the heart may hurt even after training, so you need to wait a bit. If it does not stop hurting, and other symptoms appear, then you need to call a doctor.

In a completely different way you need to behave with an attack of angina pectoris. What to do at home if it hurts and compresses the heart? First of all, the patient also needs to be put down, his head set higher, to ensure airflow, remove all belts, ties, shoes. If this is not possible, then you need to sit down and stop all physical activity.

Under the tongue, a tablet of nitroglycerin is necessarily given for resorption, and after that – an aspirin tablet. If the pain does not stop, then after 10 minutes you can repeat the method and call the cardiological team of the ambulance.

Attention! It is strictly forbidden to use Validol instead of nitroglycerin. He is not able to normalize coronary blood flow, since it has only a distracting effect.

The projection of the heart onto the anterior chest involves the area from the upper edge of the cartilage of 3 ribs to the lower edge of the sternum. The apex is projected in the 5th intercostal space 2 cm inward from the line crossing the middle of the clavicle. The right border goes from the cartilage of 3 ribs to 5 intercostal spaces on the right.

Features of the spread of heart pain are the appearance of reflected pain (left in the scapula and under it, in the hand). Sometimes reflection is isolated, for example, with 4-5 fingers of the left hand, with the left jaw. Rarely, pain radiates to the right arm or left shoulder.

Heart disease:Diseases of the stomach and esophagus:Toxic effects:
  • ischemic disease (angina pectoris, rhythm disturbances, myocardial infarction, post-infarction cardiosclerosis)
  • myocarditis
  • endocarditis
  • pericarditis
  • myocardiopathy
  • myocardial dystrophy
  • secondary lesions in the presence of diabetes mellitus, uremia, hyperthyroidism
  • heart injuries
  • tumor
  • esophagitis
  • GERD
  • foreign bodies of the esophagus
  • stomach ulcer
  • tumor
  • esophageal stenosis
  • Mallory-Weiss syndrome
  • chemical burns of the esophagus and stomach
  • gastric bleeding, ulcer perforation.
  • medicines
  • alcohol
  • heart poisons
  • nicotine
  • drugs
Heart Overload:Pulmonary pathologies:Pathology of large vessels:
  • with arterial hypertension
  • irrational physical activity
  • volume with thyrotoxicosis
  • pressure with portal hypertension (for example, with cirrhosis)
  • pneumonia
  • pleurisy
  • tuberculosis
  • silicosis
  • tumors of the lungs or large bronchi
  • aortic aneurysm, including its dissection
  • coarctation of the aorta
  • pulmonary thromboembolism
Mediastinal diseases:Lesions of the nerve trunks:Bone lesions:
  • mediastinitis
  • neoplasms
  • intercostal neuralgia
  • herpes zoster
  • fractures and fissures of ribs
  • pain with blood tumors
Muscle damage:Skin lesions:Pathology of the mammary glands:
  • mastopathy (gynecomastia in men)
  • cancer
  • benign tumors

The more intense the rhythm of modern life becomes, the greater the number of patients complaining about pain in the heart in a cardioneurosis program. These patients have absolutely no organic changes in the organ or vessels feeding it, or they are insignificant.

  • there is only a high degree of neurotization
  • depression
  • anxiety disorder
  • often cardioneurosis develops in the framework of somatized depression.

Often, fixation on a non-existent cardiac pathology makes a person repeatedly examined, change specialists and clinics, significantly poisoning his life. At the same time, an experienced psychotherapist or group correction could solve the problem in a short time.

If you suspect a malfunction in the heart, it is better to overestimate the risks and immediately contact a therapist or cardiologist. After questioning and examination, the doctor will prescribe:

  • urine and blood tests
  • chest x-ray
  • ECG (transcript)
  • if necessary, bicycle ergometry, treadmill and ECHO-cardioscopy.

Such tactics will allow you to react in time to a real heart disease or, in a short time, to verify its absence and to preserve excess nerve cells. In addition, cardiac pathologies often mask other serious and not very diseases, which are also desirable to diagnose and treat in a timely manner.

Undoubtedly, almost everyone with pain in the heart region, regardless of its nature, may experience anxiety and fear during a pain attack. People with chronic diseases are usually aware of possible seizures with pain and know what needs to be done in this situation. But still we will tell you what is the best way to act in a situation if a person has felt pain in the region of the heart.

In acute pain, first of all, it is worth stopping to stop any physical activity and keep calm. If the pain arose for the first time, you must immediately seek medical help. Only a qualified doctor can differentiate the type of pain, compare the cause and suggest the correct diagnosis, which will be confirmed by laboratory and clinical examination methods (ECG, X-ray, and other examination methods).

Patients with angina pectoris usually carry drugs with them. In the event of another attack, they must be taken immediately. In case the pain is stitching, it is worth breathing, and it is possible to change the position of the body to that in which the pain will be the least. It is desirable that the person takes either a recumbent or orthostatic position. Before receiving medical care, it is not advisable to use painkillers, as this can erase the picture of the disease a little.

In the presence of chronic pain, a visit to the doctor should also not hesitate, because the right treatment should remove pain attacks or minimize them, significantly improving the quality of life.

Take care and be healthy!

More about osteochondrosis

Angina pectoris is most characteristic of middle-aged and older generations. Otherwise, this disease is called “angina pectoris,” or coronary disease. This is a loss of vascular wall elasticity associated with age-related changes, smoking, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Acute pain in the heart, expressed in a feeling of constriction in the chest area, is usually short-term (about a minute) and is manifested by wave-like attacks.

You can determine the onset of angina pectoris by the appearance of discomfort or chest pain, which radiates to the left arm and shoulder, as well as to the cervical region and lower jaw. These sensations can intensify in a prone position, therefore it is better to wait out a pain wave sitting or standing. Usually, with an onset of an attack, an inexplicable fear and feeling of anxiety appears. It should be noted that gallstone disease and gastric ulcer have similar symptoms.

Representatives of both sexes are affected by the development of angina pectoris at different ages. Therefore, it is very important in this disease to control your own diet, excluding the consumption of fatty foods. It is recommended to eat oily fish at least 2 times a week; the acids contained in it resist the compaction of arteries and improve blood circulation.

Fruits and vegetables must be present in the diet. It is important not to overeat. Drug treatment involves the use of vasodilator drugs that positively affect muscle blood supply. One of the painkillers and sedatives is nitroglycerin, which is advisable to take before possible physical exertion with an existing angina pectoris.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.